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Jan. I4, 1,947. `
. D. D. ROTH
Filéd Oct. 4, y1943
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
` Inventor
@fi-'mha ,0077/
Jan. 14,. 1947.
D. p. ROTH
Filed Oct. 4, 1943
4 sheets-sheet s
Jan. 14,' 1947.
Filed oct. 4, 1942>`
4'sheets-sheet 4
Patented Jan. 14, 1947
`Dennis D. Roth, Phil adelphia, Pa., assigner of
one-half to Donald Eckel, Philadelphia, Pa.
Application October 4, 1943, Serial No. 504,923
3 Claims.
The present invention relates to new and use
ful improvements in children’s vehicles, and has
for its primary object to provide, in a manner as
hereinafter set forth, a combination device of
this character which is adapted to be expedi
tiously converted from a wagon to a sled and vice
Another very important object of the invention
is to provide a convertible child’s vehicle of the
aforementioned character comprising runners of
a'unique construction, whereby said runners may
be readily mounted on the wheels of the device
and removed therefrom. `
Still another important object of the invention
is to provide a child’s vehicle of the character `de-`
scribed which embodies novel steering means.
Other objects of the invention are to provide
a combination child’s vehicle which will be com
paratively simple in construction, strong, durable,
of light weight, attractive in appearance, and
which may be manufactured at low cost.
All of the foregoing, and still further objects
and advantages of the invention will become ap
parent from a study of the following specification,
taken in connection with the accompanying draw; Y
ings wherein like characters of reference desig
nate corresponding parts throughout the several
views, and wherein:
Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of a child’s
vehicle constructed in accordance with the pres-` I
ent invention, showing the device ready for use
as a sled.
(Cl. 28o-_13)
be seen that reference character I designates gen
erally a body of wood, which body may be of any
suitable dimensions. The body I includes a pair
of spaced, parallel side members 2 between which
cross bars 3 extend at spaced points. Mounted
on the members 2 and 3 is a top 4. Hand open
ings 5 are provided in the upper portions of the
side members 2.
Extending between the side members 2 in the
rear end portion of the body I is an axle 6. Wheels
'I are journaled on the axle B'adjacent the side
members 2 and projectbelow the lower edges
thereof. Cotter pins 8 retain the wheels 1 in
position adjacent the side members 2.
ForwardlyV of the front cross bar 3, the side
portions of the top 4 are recessed, as at 9, ina
manner to provide a comparatively narrow con
necting or neck portion Il). The adjacent upper
portions of the side members 2 are also recessed,
as at II. It will be noted that the recesses 9 and
II communicate. The recesses 9 and II provide
access to andraccommodate a steering bar I2
which is pivotally secured at I3 beneath the
neck I0.
Fixed beneath the steering bar I2 and depend
ing therefrom is a pair of metallic hangers I 4. An
axle I5 is removably secured in the hangers I 4
by cotter pins I 6. A single front wheel I l isV
journaled on the axle I5 between the hangers I4.
Mounted on the front wheel I1 is a removable
runner assembly I8. As best seen in Figures 6,
7 and 8 of the drawings, the assembly I8 in
Figure 2 is a bottom plan view thereof.
cludes a shoe I9 of wood having a segmental
Figure 3 is a view in vertical longitudinal sec
tion through the rear end portion of the device. 35 recess 20 in its upper portion for the reception
ofthe wheel Il. Metallic side plates ZI are se
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view, taken sub
cured on the‘shoe I9 and receive the wheel I‘l
stantially on the line 4_4 of Figure 1, showing
therebetween. The side plates 2I are journaled
a portion of the steering bar broken away in
on the axle' i5 between the wheel I 1 and the
hangers I4, said side plates having openings 22
Figure 5 is a view in side elevation, showing
the device ready for use as a wagon.
therein which accommodate said axle. Mounted
Figure 6 is a view in vertical longitudinal sec
tion through the front runner and wheel assem
on the shoe I9 is a runner 23 which extends up
wardly around the ends of said shoe.
Runner assemblies 24 are removably mounted
Figure 7 is a view in cross-section through the 45 on the rear wheels 'I-and the rear axle B. The
front runner and wheel assembly.
assemblies 24 include Wooden shoes 25 having re
Figure 8 is a detail view in perspective of one
cesses 26 in their upper portions for the recep
of the metallic side plates of the front runner.
tion of the lower portions of the wheels 1. Fixed
Figure 9 is a view in side elevation, showing
on the outer sides of the shoes 25 and extending
a modified runner mounted on a wheel.
50 upwardly therefrom are metallic plates 21 which
Figure l0 is a view in horizontal section, taken
are journaled on the axle 6 between the wheels
substantially on the line ill-lli of Figure 9.
and the side members 2 of the body I. The
Figure 1l is a cross-sectional view, taken sub»
25 are equipped with runners 28.
stantially on the line II-II of Figure 9.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will
It is thought that the operation of the device
as thus far described will be readily apparent
4 .
child’s vehicle constructed in accordance with
the present invention willbe readily understood,
and although preferred embodiments are as il
lustrated and described, it is to be understood
from a consideration of the foregoing. Of course,
when the vehicle is to be used as a sled, it travels
on the runners 23 and 28. When so used, a re
movable plastic windshield 29 is mounted on the
that further modiiications and changes in the de
forward end portion of the body I. Steering is Ul tails of construction may be resorted to which
readily accomplished by swinging the bar I2 for
will fall within the scope of the invention as
turning the wheel and runner assembly thereon.
Swinging ot theassemblies I8r and 24 in,l a coun
What is claimed is:
terclockw-ise direction is pos'tivelyy limited by the
1, A child’s vehicle comprising a body, a wheel
engagement of the rear end portions of the shoes
mounted beneath said body, a metallic shoe re
I9 and 25 beneath the adjacent cross bars 3. - movably mounted beneath the wheel, said shoe
This is illustrated to advantage in Figure 3 of
including a substantially segmental channel mem
ber for the reception of the wheel, a substantially
the drawings. When the vehicle is to be usedasV
a wagon, the assemblies I8~ and 24 are removed.
segmental extension of channel-shaped cross
This is accomplished by extracting-.the cotterpins-` 1.51, sectionv slidable on said channel member and po
8 and` I6 for permitting removal ofA the axles 6
-sitionabloA close c_ircumferentially to the upper
and I5, thus releasing the sideplates 21 and` 2_1.
portion of the wheel for retaining the shoe there
The steering bar I2, being mounted beneath _the
neck I0, leaves the upper surface of the top> 4
smooth and unobstructed. It will be observed
that theA steering bar- lï2 does not project from
the-.body I“, but is confined“ to and operable within
on, anda runner on the shoe and channel mem
said body. Thus, the hands or feet which gripv
or engage-the ba-r- |21 are protectedV or shielded
against injury.
In Figures 9, 101and Il', there is vshown a medie
fred runnerv assembly which is designated gener
ally by reference character 4E. The. assembly
40 ¿isshown on thewheelßßi
The assembly: 49,? includes a> metallic shoe, 4I 30
whichA is adapted-to bef mounted in trailing Dosi
tion- beneath; the wheel. Toward this endï, thev
forward» portionof the shoe 4I, is,V formed to pro
vide a segmentalchannel. 42 forthe- reception oí
t-helower` portion of` thetire 39» on the wheel 38.
The channel member 42. is provided with integral
sidefflanges 43. Slidably or telescopically mount
A. Childîs vehicle. of the.I character described
comprising a body; aA wheel mounted beneathsaídL
body, a tire on the. wheel,` and ashoeV removably
mounted on the wheel, said shoef including; on
one end portion, a; substantially- segmentalV chan
nel.A member for» theY reception of thelower;por',e
tion of the tire, and a substantially segmental
extension of; channel-sharped;- cross-section. Slid
ably mounted on> the channelL member- and DesirA
tionable` close » circumferentiall'y to> tho tiro for
retainingthe shoe in positìonthereon..
3. A child’s vehicle comlorísiiog> a; body: includ.
l ing spaced parallel sideboalïdzrhemhers'anda 130D.
board member-__ mounted; Qnandfbridg-ingsaid» side
board members; a transverse axlehaving its ends
mounted in thehrearfportions; or saidA side board
members, surface-.engaging elements journaled
ony the end portions ofrsaid axle. at theinnersides.
of saidA side; board mem]oers,.a-v horizontal; steering
which, wheny inpextended position, lies close tothe
bar pivot-ally mounted intermediate its ends on
tire> circurnferentiaily` for retainingf the shoe. 4I 40 the under side of; the forward portion of’A said top
in position thereon; The extension 44 includes
blyinterlockedwith board member for swinging movement about a
ed'v on the channel> member 4-2- is a section 4A
. sideflanges-¿llä'which are` slida
the ii'anges 431 fon-mounting said; extensionon
vertical axis, a pair of- spaced hangers fixedV to
and, depending from the, intermediate` portion; of
the channel member 42. The lower portions of
saidr steering bar, a, further axle mounted _in the
the shoe 4I and the,A channel, member ¿l2v are 45 lower ends Aof‘said»l hangers,- and a further surface,
formed teprcvidearunner lili.
engaging> steeringv elementl journaled on,V the last
To mount` the assembly 4i): on theA wheel, the
named axle between said hangers, said sideboard
extensionV 44. is placed; in retracted position on
members having notches in the` upper edges of
the channel; member; 42; The` channel member
their forward portions, said topv boardv member
'42;' is-.thenengaged beneath the wheel and» the
having notches in opposite- sides oi itsl forward
retainingmernber- 4d is then movedc_ireumferen,portion communicating with the notches of the>
tially‘aroundsaidnvheelfto its extended or oper
side board’ members to expose the ehds- or the
at' e; position,_ The construction and arrange-V
steering> ball?H for; 2te,tllatîonk inwardlyV of_ said'- side
ment is» suclr that the assembly llûîmay be expe
board members,rthe, ends of said steering bar tere.
ditiously mountedin position orA removed with
outl the«_necessity ofV disturbingthe wheel and the
It is believed; that` the, many` advantagesA ofV a
minatinginwardlyorî- theouter` faces of saidside
board members'.
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