Jan. I4, 1,947. ` . D. D. ROTH . CHILD’S VEHICLE 2,414,244 Y Filéd Oct. 4, y1943 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 ` Inventor @fi-'mha ,0077/ ' ggf, E Jan. 14,. 1947. D. p. ROTH ' l2,414,244 CHILD’S VEHICLE Filed Oct. 4, 1943 4 sheets-sheet s rib-' Illa. Inventor Attorneys Jan. 14,' 1947. D. D. ROTH 2,414,244` CHILD’S VEHICLE Filed oct. 4, 1942>` - 4'sheets-sheet 4 Inventor 'By WWW Patented Jan. 14, 1947 2,414,244 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE i. `Dennis D. Roth, Phil adelphia, Pa., assigner of one-half to Donald Eckel, Philadelphia, Pa. Application October 4, 1943, Serial No. 504,923 3 Claims. The present invention relates to new and use ful improvements in children’s vehicles, and has for its primary object to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a combination device of this character which is adapted to be expedi tiously converted from a wagon to a sled and vice versa. Another very important object of the invention is to provide a convertible child’s vehicle of the aforementioned character comprising runners of a'unique construction, whereby said runners may be readily mounted on the wheels of the device and removed therefrom. ` Still another important object of the invention is to provide a child’s vehicle of the character `de-` scribed which embodies novel steering means. Other objects of the invention are to provide a combination child’s vehicle which will be com paratively simple in construction, strong, durable, of light weight, attractive in appearance, and which may be manufactured at low cost. All of the foregoing, and still further objects and advantages of the invention will become ap parent from a study of the following specification, taken in connection with the accompanying draw; Y ings wherein like characters of reference desig nate corresponding parts throughout the several views, and wherein: Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of a child’s vehicle constructed in accordance with the pres-` I ent invention, showing the device ready for use as a sled. (Cl. 28o-_13) 2 be seen that reference character I designates gen erally a body of wood, which body may be of any suitable dimensions. The body I includes a pair of spaced, parallel side members 2 between which cross bars 3 extend at spaced points. Mounted on the members 2 and 3 is a top 4. Hand open ings 5 are provided in the upper portions of the side members 2. . Extending between the side members 2 in the rear end portion of the body I is an axle 6. Wheels 'I are journaled on the axle B'adjacent the side members 2 and projectbelow the lower edges thereof. Cotter pins 8 retain the wheels 1 in position adjacent the side members 2. ForwardlyV of the front cross bar 3, the side portions of the top 4 are recessed, as at 9, ina manner to provide a comparatively narrow con necting or neck portion Il). The adjacent upper portions of the side members 2 are also recessed, as at II. It will be noted that the recesses 9 and II communicate. The recesses 9 and II provide access to andraccommodate a steering bar I2 which is pivotally secured at I3 beneath the neck I0. ‘ Fixed beneath the steering bar I2 and depend ing therefrom is a pair of metallic hangers I 4. An axle I5 is removably secured in the hangers I 4 by cotter pins I 6. A single front wheel I l isV journaled on the axle I5 between the hangers I4. Mounted on the front wheel I1 is a removable runner assembly I8. As best seen in Figures 6, 7 and 8 of the drawings, the assembly I8 in Figure 2 is a bottom plan view thereof. cludes a shoe I9 of wood having a segmental Figure 3 is a view in vertical longitudinal sec tion through the rear end portion of the device. 35 recess 20 in its upper portion for the reception ofthe wheel Il. Metallic side plates ZI are se Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view, taken sub cured on the‘shoe I9 and receive the wheel I‘l stantially on the line 4_4 of Figure 1, showing therebetween. The side plates 2I are journaled a portion of the steering bar broken away in section. on the axle' i5 between the wheel I 1 and the hangers I4, said side plates having openings 22 Figure 5 is a view in side elevation, showing the device ready for use as a wagon. therein which accommodate said axle. Mounted Figure 6 is a view in vertical longitudinal sec tion through the front runner and wheel assem on the shoe I9 is a runner 23 which extends up wardly around the ends of said shoe. Runner assemblies 24 are removably mounted bly. Figure 7 is a view in cross-section through the 45 on the rear wheels 'I-and the rear axle B. The front runner and wheel assembly. assemblies 24 include Wooden shoes 25 having re Figure 8 is a detail view in perspective of one cesses 26 in their upper portions for the recep of the metallic side plates of the front runner. tion of the lower portions of the wheels 1. Fixed Figure 9 is a view in side elevation, showing on the outer sides of the shoes 25 and extending a modified runner mounted on a wheel. 50 upwardly therefrom are metallic plates 21 which Figure l0 is a view in horizontal section, taken are journaled on the axle 6 between the wheels substantially on the line ill-lli of Figure 9. ‘I and the side members 2 of the body I. The Figure 1l is a cross-sectional view, taken sub» shoes 25 are equipped with runners 28. stantially on the line II-II of Figure 9. Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will 5 GTI It is thought that the operation of the device as thus far described will be readily apparent 2,414,244. 3 . 4 . child’s vehicle constructed in accordance with the present invention willbe readily understood, and although preferred embodiments are as il lustrated and described, it is to be understood from a consideration of the foregoing. Of course, when the vehicle is to be used as a sled, it travels on the runners 23 and 28. When so used, a re movable plastic windshield 29 is mounted on the that further modiiications and changes in the de forward end portion of the body I. Steering is Ul tails of construction may be resorted to which readily accomplished by swinging the bar I2 for will fall within the scope of the invention as turning the wheel and runner assembly thereon. claimed. Swinging ot theassemblies I8r and 24 in,l a coun What is claimed is: terclockw-ise direction is pos'tivelyy limited by the 1, A child’s vehicle comprising a body, a wheel 10 engagement of the rear end portions of the shoes mounted beneath said body, a metallic shoe re I9 and 25 beneath the adjacent cross bars 3. - movably mounted beneath the wheel, said shoe This is illustrated to advantage in Figure 3 of including a substantially segmental channel mem ber for the reception of the wheel, a substantially the drawings. When the vehicle is to be usedasV a wagon, the assemblies I8~ and 24 are removed. segmental extension of channel-shaped cross This is accomplished by extracting-.the cotterpins-` 1.51, sectionv slidable on said channel member and po 8 and` I6 for permitting removal ofA the axles 6 -sitionabloA close c_ircumferentially to the upper and I5, thus releasing the sideplates 21 and` 2_1. portion of the wheel for retaining the shoe there The steering bar I2, being mounted beneath _the neck I0, leaves the upper surface of the top> 4 smooth and unobstructed. It will be observed that theA steering bar- lï2 does not project from the-.body I“, but is confined“ to and operable within on, anda runner on the shoe and channel mem 2Gber.2. said body. Thus, the hands or feet which gripv or engage-the ba-r- |21 are protectedV or shielded against injury. In Figures 9, 101and Il', there is vshown a medie fred runnerv assembly which is designated gener ally by reference character 4E. The. assembly 40 ¿isshown on thewheelßßi The assembly: 49,? includes a> metallic shoe, 4I 30 whichA is adapted-to bef mounted in trailing Dosi tion- beneath; the wheel. Toward this endï, thev forward» portionof the shoe 4I, is,V formed to pro vide a segmentalchannel. 42 forthe- reception oí t-helower` portion of` thetire 39» on the wheel 38. The channel member 42. is provided with integral sidefflanges 43. Slidably or telescopically mount A. Childîs vehicle. of the.I character described comprising a body; aA wheel mounted beneathsaídL body, a tire on the. wheel,` and ashoeV removably mounted on the wheel, said shoef including; on one end portion, a; substantially- segmentalV chan nel.A member for» theY reception of thelower;por',e tion of the tire, and a substantially segmental extension of; channel-sharped;- cross-section. Slid ably mounted on> the channelL member- and DesirA tionable` close » circumferentiall'y to> tho tiro for retainingthe shoe in positìonthereon.. - 3. A child’s vehicle comlorísiiog> a; body: includ. l ing spaced parallel sideboalïdzrhemhers'anda 130D. board member-__ mounted; Qnandfbridg-ingsaid» side board members; a transverse axlehaving its ends mounted in thehrearfportions; or saidA side board members, surface-.engaging elements journaled ony the end portions ofrsaid axle. at theinnersides. of saidA side; board mem]oers,.a-v horizontal; steering which, wheny inpextended position, lies close tothe bar pivot-ally mounted intermediate its ends on tire> circurnferentiaily` for retainingf the shoe. 4I 40 the under side of; the forward portion of’A said top in position thereon; The extension 44 includes blyinterlockedwith board member for swinging movement about a ed'v on the channel> member 4-2- is a section 4A . sideflanges-¿llä'which are` slida the ii'anges 431 fon-mounting said; extensionon vertical axis, a pair of- spaced hangers fixedV to and, depending from the, intermediate` portion; of the channel member 42. The lower portions of saidr steering bar, a, further axle mounted _in the the shoe 4I and the,A channel, member ¿l2v are 45 lower ends Aof‘said»l hangers,- and a further surface, formed teprcvidearunner lili. engaging> steeringv elementl journaled on,V the last To mount` the assembly 4i): on theA wheel, the named axle between said hangers, said sideboard extensionV 44. is placed; in retracted position on members having notches in the` upper edges of the channel; member; 42; The` channel member their forward portions, said topv boardv member 50 '42;' is-.thenengaged beneath the wheel and» the having notches in opposite- sides oi itsl forward retainingmernber- 4d is then movedc_ireumferen,portion communicating with the notches of the> tially‘aroundsaidnvheelfto its extended or oper side board’ members to expose the ehds- or the at' e; position,_ The construction and arrange-V steering> ball?H for; 2te,tllatîonk inwardlyV of_ said'- side ment is» suclr that the assembly llûîmay be expe board members,rthe, ends of said steering bar tere. 55 ditiously mountedin position orA removed with outl the«_necessity ofV disturbingthe wheel and the axle. It is believed; that` the, many` advantagesA ofV a minatinginwardlyorî- theouter` faces of saidside board members'. Y ' ~ DENNIS D. ROTH.