USING DATA TO INFORM POLICIES AND PROGRAMS Session 1 Session Objectives п‚§ Understand the importance of improving data-informed decision making п‚§ Understand the role of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) data in decision making Session Overview п‚§ The role of data in decision making п‚§ The challenges to using data in decision making п‚§ The purposes of M&E п‚§ Examples of data use п‚§ Small Group Activity 1: Case Studies вЂњвЂ¦ without information, things are done arbitrarily and one becomes unsure of whether a policy or program will fail or succeed. If we allow our policies to be guided by empirical facts and data, there will be a noticeable change in the impact of what we do.вЂќ National-level Policymaker, Nigeria Why Improve Data-informed Decision Making? п‚§ HIV epidemic п‚§ Resurgence of TB п‚§ Continued prevalence of malaria п‚§ Pockets of stalled fertility decline п‚§ Population burden п‚§ Shortage of health care workers Context Pressing need to develop health policies, strategies, and interventions Why Improve Data-informed Decision Making? п‚§ Increased financial investments for service delivery п‚§ Increased accountability requirements п‚§ Improved national HMIS п‚§ Increased demand for evaluation and other research Why address data demand & use? Evidence-based Decision-making Process Percent dissatisfied Level of Dissatisfaction that Policy Is Based on Scientific Evidence Overseas Development Institute, Jones et al., 2008. Challenges п‚§ Integrated HMIS still not fully functioning п‚§ Little or no communication between data producers and data users п‚§ Low capacity to collect, analyze, & interpret data п‚§ Limited or no culture of data use п‚§ Data collection and use not a priority The Response Better Monitoring & Health Evaluation Outcomes Systems Datainformed Decisions Monitoring and Evaluation п‚§ Track changes in program performance over time Monitoring п‚§ Attribute program outcomes to their causes Evaluation Data п‚§ Data sources п‚§ Service delivery statistics п‚§ Census п‚§ Surveys, evaluations, research studies п‚§ Sentinel surveillance п‚§ Budget information п‚§ Data vs. information = unsynthesized vs. synthesized Purposes of Monitoring and Evaluation п‚§ Determine whether a plan or program is on schedule with planned activities п‚§ Assess whether a policy, plan, or program has produced desired impacts п‚§ Generate knowledge: вЂў Identify programmatic gaps, factors that influence health outcomes, etc. п‚§ Inform policy, planning, or program decisions M&E Is Not an Enemy п‚§ Policymakers, program managers, and M&E/strategic information specialists can be partners п‚§ Strong decision making and management rely on high-quality M&E / strategic information п‚§ Data quality is linked to data use Monitoring and Evaluation allowsвЂ¦. data-based decisions, which lead toвЂ¦ better health programs and better health outcomes Group Participation How do you and your organization use data and information? We can use information toвЂ¦ п‚§ Inform policies and plans п‚§ Raise additional resources п‚§ Strengthen programs and improve results п‚§ Ensure accountability and reporting п‚§ Improve quality of services provided п‚§ Contribute to global lessons learned вЂњMaking Data SpeakвЂќ in Thailand п‚§ Need: Strengthen commitment of policymakers to HIV prevention п‚§ Data: Behavioral and epidemiological data п‚§ Response: п‚§ Analyzed data with Asian Epidemic Model and GOALS model п‚§ Determined responses and resources needed п‚§ Communicated data to stakeholders п‚§ Decision/Action: п‚§ Successfully emphasized prevention agenda in national strategic plan and developed an operational plan to guide prevention programming Using NNRIMS Data to Inform Resource Allocation п‚§ Need: Strengthen monitoring of HIV/AIDS service delivery п‚§ Data: HIV service delivery indicators п‚§ Response: п‚§ Development of NNRIMS, a routine information system п‚§ Quarterly reports summarizing data prepared for and reviewed by LGA managers & decision makers п‚§ Decision/Action: п‚§ Chairman procured 480 HIV test kits, enabling more people to get tested in Doma Key Messages п‚§ Decisions based on evidence lead to better health outcomes п‚§ We all have a role in M&E вЂ“ partners in progress п‚§ High-quality information is needed for decision making at policy, planning, and program levels п‚§ Purpose of M&E is not just to produce more information but to inform action Small Group Activity 1: Instructions п‚§ Select a reporter п‚§ Read the case study and answer the following questions (45 min): п‚§ What prompted the data use undertaking? п‚§ What was the decision taken? п‚§ What types of data were used to make the decision? п‚§ What was the outcome of the decision? п‚§ Report back (10 min per group) THANK YOU! MEASURE Evaluation is a MEASURE project funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and implemented by the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in partnership with Futures Group International, ICF Macro, John Snow, Inc., Management Sciences for Health, and Tulane University. Views expressed in this presentation do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the U.S. Government. MEASURE Evaluation is the USAID Global Health Bureau's primary vehicle for supporting improvements in monitoring and evaluation in population, health and nutrition worldwide. Visit us online at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure.