Работа выполнена на курсах «Информационные технологии в деятельности учителя-предметника». (Декабрь 2006г.) Автор: Нурдавлетова Галина Алексеевна, учитель английского языка МОУ "Бориковской основной общеобразовательной школы" Цели и задачи Дать учащимся общее представление о Соединенном Королевстве Великобритании и Северной Ирландии и о его столице Лондоне. Ознакомить учащихся с основными достопримечательностями Лондона, их краткой историей. Some information about The UK Anthem: Map of the UK Population - 58,4 mln. people, 82% - English, other 18% Scottish, Welsh and Irish. Geographical position – situated in the North-West of Europe, on The British Isles. Area - 244,1 thousand square km. Climate - moderate, mild and wet. The coldest month - January, (t° +3 С to +7 С). The hottest month - July, (t° +11 C to +17 C) Official language –English. Capital – London. Currency – Pound (£); 1£ = 100 pence. London London is the capital of The UK. It is situated at the mouth of the river Thames near the North Sea. It is the largest business and finance center of the world, main passenger ports and airports are situated in London. Historically it was divided into three parts: City, West End, East End. City is a finance and trade centre, West End has shops, restaurants, theatres, main London parks. Welfare people live there. East End is a place where plants and factories are situated. Mostly working people live there The most Famous London Sites Tower Buckingham Palace Big Ben Houses of Parliament St. Paul’s Cathedral Tower Bridge Trafalgar Square Westminster Abbey Piccadilly Circus National Gallery British Museum Victoria And Albert Museum Madame Tussaud’s Museum London Eye The Tower of London It is one of the most interesting places in London. During its history the Tower has been a fortress, a king’s residence, a prison and the King’s Zoo. Now it is the museum. William the Conqueror built it in the 11-th century. The Tower of London There are always black ravens in the Tower of London. Legend tells that the monarchy will fall if the crows leave their living place. That’s why there is a special man, called a Raven Master, who feeds the birds and cuts their wings for them not to fly away. Buckingham Palace The palace was built by the duke of Buckingham in 1803, it has been king's residence since 1837. There are 661 rooms in it. 18 of them are open to public in special days once in a year. The Queen of England occupies 12 rooms, facing Green Park. In front of the palace there is a monument - it’s the Queen Victoria Memorial. Buckingham Palace Ceremony of changing Guards before Buckingham Palace takes place every day at 11-30. Houses of Parliament The Houses of Parliament were built more than one thousand years ago, since that time it has been the main residence of the British monarchs. After the fire of 1834 the buildings were reconstructed in 1840. Now it is the administrative centre of Britain. One of its towers with a clock on it is a famous Big Ben. Big Ben It’s one of the most famous sites of London. Big Ben is the name of the clock and the bell of the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London. The clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin Hall, who headed construction work. He was a tall man, whose nickname was Big Ben. Big Ben St. Paul’s Cathedral St. Paul’s Cathedral is situated not far from the Tower of London. It is one of the greatest English churches. It was built in 1673 by Sir Christopher Wren instead of the former cathedral which was burnt in the Great London Fire. Many famous people are buried there: Admiral Nelson, Wellington, Sir Christopher Wren itself and others. Now it’s a place of different ceremonies: burial, wedding ceremonies, celebrating anniversaries and so on. Tower Bridge The most famous and beautiful of London’s bridges is the Tower Bridge. Its construction began in 1886 and lasted for 8 years. The two towers are connected with each other at the height of 45 meters. There are museums in these towers nowadays. The first museum tells visitors about the history of the bridge and the river Thames. The other shows the mechanism of the bridge at work. Trafalgar Square The most popular square of London, Trafalgar square, is devoted to the victory of the English Navy with admiral Nelson at its head over Spanish fleet in 1804. The square was planned in 1840 by Charles Berry (the architect of the Houses of Parliament). Nelson column is situated in the centre of the square. It is 56 meters high. There is the figure of Admiral Nelson on its top. At the bottom of the monument there are scenes of other battles of Nelson. Today Trafalgar square is a popular place of meetings and demonstrations. Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey is an example of Gothic architecture. It is a symbol of nation. William the Conqueror was crowned in the Abby in 1066 since that time all English kings have been crowned there. There are tombs of many outstanding people. In the poets corner of Westminster Abbey J. Choser, Samuel Johnson, Charles Dickens and many other poets were buried. Piccadilly Circus Piccadilly Circus is a favourite place of tourists. It’s a crossing point of several streets, leading to most important sites of West End. In the centre of the Piccadilly Circus there is a fountain with a monument to Lord Shaftsbury. Not far from this place there is a Trocadero centre picked up with shops, restaurants, clubs, attractions. Nearby in the Piccadilly street there is the Royal Academy of Arts. National Gallery National gallery contains one of the best and the largest collections of West European arts. It was started with 38 pictures in the house of rich banker John Julius Angerstain. In 1824 the parliament decided to place the collection in Trafalgar square in the centre of London. A new building was projected by William Wilkins. By the end of the century the National Gallery became one of the leading museums of the world, containing masterpieces of Italian renaissance , Holland and Spanish schools of Arts and British artists: Hogarth, Gainesboro, Stubbs, Constable and others. British Museum British museum is one of the biggest and most important museums of history and culture of mankind. It was founded in 1753 on the bases of the collection of doctor and scientist Sir Hance Sloan. It was open to public on 15 January 1759. British museum houses about 7 million objects, showing history of human culture since early times till present day. Victoria And Albert Museum The V&A is the greatest museum of art and design, a world treasure house with enormous variety of collections. The Museum holds over 3000 years worth of artefacts from many of the world's richest cultures. Madame Tussaud’s Museum Madame Tussaud’s museum is the most famous museum of waxworks. It contains more than 400 figures of popular persons: actors, singers, politics, members of royal family, sportsmen and others. You can make an excursion through the history of London with the help of personalities presented there. There is a special room of Horror, which makes challenge to people’s fears. London Eye Magnificent attraction was built in the centre of London specially on the occasion of forthcoming 2000 year. It was called “Millennium”. Now Londoners call it London Eye. It is 135 m. high – the largest in the world. It takes half an hour to make a full circle. You can see the whole city from its top. Источники Английский язык 8 кл. авторы: В.П.Кузовлев и др. М.:Просвещение,2001 Английский язык. Учебник для IV класса школ с углубленным изучением английского языка. Авторы: И.Н.Верещагина, О.В.Афанасьева. М.:Просвещение,1995 г. Большая Энциклопедия Кирилла и Мефодия. CD Различные сайты о Лондоне.