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Innovative development of Russian
economy: construction sector
Mikhail KAYKOV
President
Railway Constructors Union
Vienna, 16/03/2012
1
Innovative economy and
standardization
Innovative economy (knowledge economy, intellectual economy) — type of economy,
based on the flow of innovation, constant improvement of technology, manufacturing and
export of high technology products.
BUSINESS
1. Investments
INFORMATION
EXCHANGE
4. Getting
quality
improvement or
new product
2. development
3.
Implementation
process
STA
NDA STA
STA
RD NDA
RD NDA
RD
STADARDIZATION:
- The engine for implementation and innovation development - Provides the development of innovative
- Element in ensuring global projects
management
- Tool to reduce costs etc.
2
Technological levels
Russian and Europe:
level of economic development
First level
New technologies in textile industry, the use of water power
Second level
Rapid development of transport (railways, steam shipping), the occurrence of
mechanical production in all sectors on the basis of steam engine
Russia legs behind
developed regions in 2
technological levels
Third level
Use electricity in industrial production, the development of heavy engineering and
electrical industry through the use of rolled steel, new discoveries in chemistry.
Implemented radio, telegraph, cars
FOURTH LEVEL
Energy development with the use petroleum and petroleum products, gas,
communications, new synthetic materials. The era of mass production of cars, tractors,
airplanes, various types of weapons and goods. Computers and software, radar
Achievements in
engineering, new
communication etc.
FIFTH LEVEL
microelectronics, computer science, biotechnology, genetic
types of energy, materials, space exploration, satellite
SIXTH LEVEL (2015-2020)
Biotechnology, nanotechnology, investing in people, new level of education
system, new environmental management (high environmental technology),
robotics,
artificial intelligence,
flexible systems of “unmanned”
manufacturing, laser technology… smart electricity network …
new types of transport (heavy, speed, range, low cost), the combined
transport systems, production of construction materials with predetermined
properties, manor urbanization “tissue” type, design and management of the
future, the use of hydrogen as a clean energy source
3
The
Framework
Programmes
for
Research
and
Technological
Development(FP1… FP8)
European technological platforms
Political
objectives of ETP
-
Development and
implementation of key
technologies to respond
economic and social
challenges
-
Elaboration of allEuropean approach and
strategic plan for
development and
realization of these
technologies
Enlargement of private
investments in research
by bringing research to
industry Рє and
improvement of markets
for innovative production
4
BASIC STAKEHOLDERS of ETP
Regulating
structures
Industry
Government
institutions
Financial
structures
Civil society
European construction
technology platform (ECTP)
Within the 7 th. Framework Program
PRINCIPAL MISSION:
- To improve competitiveness of the construction sector
- To satisfy social needs and ecological challenges
over 230
organizations
5
Cultural heritage
Processes,
information&
communication
technologies
Networks
Materials
26 Domestic
Technical Platforms
Underground
construction
Quality of life
Cities and buildings
7 principal directions
Construction R&D Innovation
Roadmap for a positive living
environment for Society
ECTP ambition
To develop Innovative Buildings
and Infrastructures
to construct Europe’s future
To innovate by research and integration of
inputs from other sectors
through appropriate tools (such as PPPs) in
FP8
(2014-2020, budget plan 80 billion euro)
INITIATIVES OF ЕСТР1. E2B
В«Energy
Efficient
BuildingsВ»
6
2. reFINE
В«Future
Infrastructures
in EuropeВ»
Р•2Р’
В«Energy Efficient BuildingsВ»
пѓ� A major world-wide challenge
пѓ� Buildings = major potential for energy/carbon
savings
пѓ� today more than 40 % of energy consumption
пѓ� and around 30 % of GHG emissions
пѓ� Road Map
пѓ� Retrofit the existing building stock
пѓ� Develop future positive energy buildings/districts
пѓ� Integrate new technologies (including RE
technologies)
пѓ� Innovation by research
пѓ� Recovery Plan EeB PPP call 2010 : strong
involvement of industry and SMEs (24%) from the
whole value chain (ECTP/E2BA : >230 Members)
пѓ� Construction sector ready to collaborate towards
an “ideal house” for PPPs in FP8
7
reFINE
В«Future Infrastructures in EuropeВ»
пЃЅ
пЃЅ
8
Challenges
пЃЅ Existing infrastructures are getting old/obsolete
пЃЅ Roads (see winter 2010)
пЃЅ Water supply systems (leakage, water
quality)…
пЃЅ Mobility of people, goods distribution, flows
(water, electricity, gas)
пЃЅ To keep cost of infrastructures socially
acceptable
пЃЅ To adapt infrastructures to new requirements :
sustainability, availability and cost of energy,
ageing society, climate change
Priorities and research needs
пЃЅ Infrastructures for a sustainable urban mobility
пЃЅ Infrastructures for a sustainable competitive
economy
пЃЅ Greening infrastructure networks
пЃЅ Towards smart and resilient infrastructures
пЃЅ Infrastructures of an inclusive society
Innovative development in Russia:
main difficulties
Financial problems
Legislative base
Infrastruc
ture
projects
Technical barriers
Corruption
Successful
realization
others…
Administrative barriers
At the same time State course of modernization and innovation
development of economy has not changed
9
The Government still plans to shift from rent-economic system to the economy, generating new
knowledge and solutions
Innovative development in Russia:
main difficulties
Financial problems
LIFE CIRCLE
CONTRACTS
INVESTMENT
CREDITS
legally isnВґt formalized
the
possibility
of
project
financing,
absence of
housing
and saving deposits,
riskness to use the
equity
contracts,
difficulty in attracting
of private investment
(including foreign)
difficulty of obtaining credits
especially to small and
absence of budget
medium enterprises at the
planning for long term
regional level, in the field of
housing, high rates on
crediting in the absence of
guarantees and insurance
and long payback periods,
the dominant position of
financial and construction
associations, not workedout at the legislative level
the system of collateral
10
Innovative development in Russia:
example of imperfection of legislative base
пѓ� Poor quality of technical regulations
пѓ� The complexity of technical regulations implementation in practice
пѓ� Inability of scientific and technical progress
пѓ� The development period of 17 primary technical regulations is thwarted
By some experts the costs of reform is over 5.3 billion rubles. And this is without
taking into account the EU funds (more than 5 million Euros) allocated under TACIS
program В«The convergence of technical regulation, certification and accreditation
systems between Russia and EUВ»
пѓ� Over the entire period of the FL-184 have been made 10 amendments
пѓ� Russian model of inconsistency in practice the EU (no notified bodies,
building regulations are mandatory for the application status)
пѓ� Absence of statutory requirements on general product safety
� Absence of state regulation of building materials’ safety
пѓ� Imperfection of number of legal norms (non-state project exercising,
not
updated the list of high-risk, technically complicated and unique objects, the
complexity of ownership registration of commissioned buildings, lack of automation of
administrative procedures, etc)
11
Innovative development in Russia:
some of technical barriers
пѓ� Terminology
пѓ� The failure to take the
international and European
norms of technical regulation
пѓ� Absence of unified state
program of production
development of construction
materials
пѓ� Certification of imported
equipment
пѓ� Pricing and budget
normalization
12
Innovative development in Russia :
corruption
пѓ� Lands
conversation
for
the
construction of one category to another,
coupled with defects of urban planning
and zoning
пѓ� Obtaining a building permit
пѓ� Project exercising
пѓ� State control and supervision of
construction
пѓ� Laws on placing orders for supplies,
works and services for state and
municipal need (Federal law N94,
Federal Contract System)
пѓ� Dependence of project on the
particular bureaucrat
13
Russia’s competitive advantages
пЃЅ
High scientific and educative potency,
generally accepted
пЃЅ
пЃЅ
пЃЅ
пЃЅ
14
large scientific & educational centers
measurable technological supply
Vast internal market
Financing of public projects
to support high technologies
Government activity
to support innovations
Russia is on the way to establish national innovative system
through such tools as engineering platforms, science cities,
technology parks, etc.
SKOLKOVO
–
is
a
strategic
development initiative, elaborated for:
пѓ� Diversification & growth of Russian economy
via innovations & business;
пѓ� Full integration of Russian scientific &
engineering capabilities to global economy;
пѓ� Development of human resources via
international research & educative projects;
пѓ� Creation of internationally competitive hightech enterprises.
15
SKOLKOVO: WHAT DOIS IT SUGGEST?
To fill the gaps in
technological area
The goal of SKOLKOVO
is to fill the gaps
by means of effective
capitalization
16
Clusters of SKOLKOVO
Cluster of energy-efficient technologies
(Support of innovative & breakthrough technologies , aimed to reduce energy consumption by
manufacturing business, housing services and utilities, city ground environment. Includes over 80
enterprises)
Cluster of nuclear technologies
(Elaboration of new products for energy markets, development of new materials and
complicated engineering & technological systems. Includes over 20 enterprises)
Cluster of biomedical technologies
(Support & development of innovations in the field of biomedical technologies.
Includes over 20 enterprises)
Cluster of space technologies and
telecommunications
(Touch upon various areas of activity – from space tourism to systems of
satellite navigation. Includes over 20 enterprises)
Cluster of information technologies
(Development of strategies in the field of information technologies —
from search engines to cloud computing. Includes over100 enterprises)
17
SKOLKOVO IN FIGURES
Creation of innovative environment, financing of projects of members
of innovative center “SKOLKOVO” and foundation of centers of applied
research (44 innovative projects in 2011)
5 352 mil. RUR
Approved subventions for the companies-members of innovative center
“SKOLKOVO” for the year of 2012
5 352 mil. RUR
Confirmation of obligations for co-financing of the activity of the
members of “SKOLKOVO” by Russian and international venture capital
funds
Customs representative for the companies-participants in the activity of
“SKOLKOVO”
18
5 352 mil. RUR
5 352 mil. RUR
Research and development
in SKOLKOVO
Headquarters
in Research &
Development
пѓ� 14 HQ in
research &
development
пѓ� 17025 mil.
RUR – overall
budget
Corporate
venture
funds
1900 mil. RUR–
volume of
corporate
venture
investments
Co-investing
in start-up
projects
пѓ� 1740 mil.
RUR – total of
grants
пѓ� Fanatical
support for 30
start-up
companies
Co-investing in
research & educative
environment
пѓ� Technological
cluster of Sberbank
& Data processing
center
пѓ� International
space center
пѓ� High technology
center of
continuous medical
education
March 1, 2012 Federal Property Management Agency has altered some 50
companies, controlling or blocking stake of which is a State property, of need
to allocate before September 1 “not less than 1%” of their innovation budget
to finance the SKOLKOVO institute of Science and Technology (Skolkovotech).
19
CONCLUSION
December 8, 2011 The Russian government has
approved the INNOVATIVE STRATEGY OF THE
RUSSIAN FEDERATION TO 2020
Framework program
of European Commission
OBJECTIVES
1. Development of human resources in science, education,
technology and innovations;
2. Improving of business activity in innovations and acceleration
of appearance of new innovative companies;
3. The widest possible implementation of modern innovative technologies
to activities of the Government;
4. Assistance to well-balanced and stable growth of the sector
of research and development;
5. Provision of transparency of national innovation system and
economy, as well as the integration of Russia into global process of
creation and implementation of innovations;
6. Enhancement of realization and implementation of innovation policy
undertaken by public authorities of Russian Federation and municipal
entities.
OBJECTIVE –
Is to create science &
technological foundation for
the accelerated economic
development of the united
Europe, the growth of its
competitiveness in the world,
to boost the employment, to
bring EU to the level of the
most
scientifically
and
technologically
advanced
states and to build a common
European
Research
Area
(ERA).
THE OBJECTIVES ARE FULLY CORRELATED
20
NEED FOR INTERACTION AND INTEGRATION
OF EUROPEAN AND RUSSIAN INITIATIVES
ON INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT
Commercial exchange between EU & Russia
Russia’s accession to WTO: for Russia means the
need to fulfill all obligations, in particular for the
removal of technical barriers to trade
21
PROPOSAL
пѓ� Participation of Russian organizations in the activity of AETR
пѓ� Implementation of AETR initiatives on the platform of SKOLKOVO
Federal law “on Innovation center “Skolkovo”
Article 13. Features of technical regulation in the Center
…
2. In regard to products and/or process related to requirements to these products … used within the
Center, instead of separate safety requirements contained in technical regulations, conditions,
standards, rules… may be applied technical regulations and requirements, contained in technical
rules or relevant documents of member states of the Customs Union within EurAsian Economic
Community or member states of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
3. Decision to use within the Center (Skolkovo) regulations or requirements stated in part 2 is the
domain of managing company…
Economic effect
пѓ�The use of experience of European technology platform, which shows the effectiveness of
пѓ�Reduction in funding for research projects conducted by our European colleagues
пѓ�Development of scientific and technical cooperation between Russia and EU
пѓ�Overcoming the significant technical barriers
22
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
Mikhail KAYKOV
President of Railway Constructors Union
www.sszd.ru
Рўel.: +7(495)956-29-38
E-mail: info@sszd.ru
Bld. 8B, Mozhayskiy val street, Moscow, 121151, Russia
23
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