Патент USA US3018790код для вставки
Jan. 30, 1962 s. R. GREENBLATT ETAL 3,013,780 LOOSE—LEAF BINDER Filed May 15, 1961 3 la 23 /5 '1______ 25 ______ __ ___ — — - _ - _ , - — ________ ~ ~ — Z1 ‘12M — _ -~ / 7 INVENTORS S/0/VE'FK-6/PEEA/8LAT7' RICHARD GWWMAA/Jl? JAMES JaHMso/v United States Patent 3,®l3,780 Patented Jan. 30, 1962 1 2 3,018,780 LOOSE-LEAF BINDER Sidney R. Greenblatt and Richard A. Guthman, Jr., At lanta, Ga., assignors to Montag, Inc., Atlanta, Ga., a corporation of Ohio Filed May 15, 1961, Ser. No. 110,088 3 Claims. (Cl. 129-23) This invention is directed to a novel binder which may be used to hold loose-leaf ?ller sheets in assembled super 10 posed relationship during use. In particular, the inven tion is concerned with a binder wherein a writing instru ment, either pencil, pen or other means, may be carried in the binder without danger of loss and wherein the closure means for locking the loose-leaf sheets in the 15 binder also serves the function of retaining the particular writing instrument, whatever it may be, emplaced within The elongated well 13'is bounded at the upper mar'— ginal edge of base 1 by a vertical wall 15 formed, as is well 13 integrally with the base. Wall 15, however, is somewhat reduced in thickness such as to be laterally yieldable. In other words, wall 15 may be ?exed slightly from a true vertical position and will, because of the limited resilience of the material from which it is formed, have a pronounced tendency to spring back to a vertical position. > Asmay be seen in FIGS. 1 and 2, the base 1 is also provided with a pair of upstanding pins 17 and 19. These pins are arranged in spaced vertically co-planar relation on base 1 and are adapted to be engaged by the men tioned drilled holes in the ?ller F in a conventional manner. Disposed over pins 17 and 19 and the elongated well 13, is a cover 21 also preferably moulded from a suit the binder. By so combining the function of the filler able plastic material. The cover 21 is journaled in aper lock or holder with this additional function, the binder tures 12, 12.’ by trunnions 23, 25 formed integrally there which results is economical to manufacture, attractive in 20 with, and is- essentially of plate~like con?guration such appearance and has particular utility where, due to the that it will completely overlie an area bounded by ears circumstances of use, it is most essential that a writing 7 and 9, wall 15 and extending a short distance beyond instrument be associated with it. pins 17 and 19 over the upper edges of ?ller papers F. Having thus described the invention in general terms, The under-surface of cover 21 rests against the tops of consideration will- now be given to the attached drawing 25 pins 17 and 19, and, if desired, may be provided with in describing the novel structure in detail. shallow dimples (not identi?ed) adapted to coincide with In the drawing, FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a clip the tops of the pins to assure locking of the ?ller paper F board type of binder incorporating the novel structure. securely on these pins. FIG. 2 is a side sectional view taken along the line Since the cover 21 is pivotally mounted in cars 7 and 30 2—2 of FIG. 1 and somewhat enlarged. 9, it is obvious it may be lifted or swung away from pins FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along the 17 and 19, as indicated by the arrow in FIG. 2, such that line 3—3 of FIG. 2 and somewhat reduced in size to cor ?ller paper F may be removed or replenished at will. respond to FIG. 1. ' Projecting downwardly from and formed integrally The structure, as will be apparent in the drawings, has with cover 21 is a depending tab 30. This tab, as may been illustrated as incorporated in a binder of the clip 35 be seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, is con?gured such that it will board type, so-called because the blank ?ller sheets rest completely cover or block aperture 11 when cover mem_ on a rigid base such that the entire assembly can be ber 21 is in closed position. Thus tab 30 is formed on used as a portable desk enabling the user to write thereon cover 21 such that it will rest closely adjacent the up at any location. It is to be understood, however, that standing ear 7 and serve to close the aperture 11 to pre the invention may also be incorporated in binders or clip 40 vent dislodgement of any writing instrument which may boards of any type, particular reference being made to be inserted in the Well 13. It will also be noted that that device shown in co-pending application Serial No. 92,583 ?led March 1, 1961 by Robert Ensign et al. the wall 15, well 13, the top edge of ?ller F, along with cover 21, de?nes a compartment serving to house one or Thel?ller paper F is usually in the form of a pack more writing instruments, and that, absent the aperture of unconnected sheets, superposed one over the other and 45 11, it would be impossible without removing at least the having at least a pair of holes drilled adjacent one edge, greater majority of ?ller F to gain access to the instru in this case, the top edge of the sheets. ment or instruments positioned in well 13. It will also Filler sheets F, then, rest on a base 1 formed of a be noted that the tapered shape of channel 13 assures rigid material, preferably a plastic. The base 1 is pro that any such instrument will be accurately guided to vided along two sides with small vertical shoulders 3 aperture 11 when the binder or clipboard is tilted slightly and 5 which gradually increase in height toward the top to the right, as viewed in FIG. 1 and the cover 21 is of the base, ?nally terminating in a pair of upstanding raised enough for tab 30 to open aperture 11. ears 7 and 9, adjacent to, and perpendicular with respect As has been ‘mentioned the vertical wall 15 is resilient. to the top edge of the base 1. Obviously, since the side This wall rests against the upper-rear most edge of the edges of base 1 are parallel, the shoulders 3 and 5 and 55 cover 21 and braces this member to a closed position ears 7 and 9 are also parallel. against pins 17 and 19. In addition the cover is shaped, The ear 7 is provided a pair of apertures 11 and 12. as seen in FIG. 2, in cross-section such that the men The ear 9 is provided with but one aperture 12’ which is tioned edge is in effect an over-center cam such that when equal in size and in co-aXial relation with respect to the cover 21 is pivoted to an open position it will also be aperture 12 in ear 7, such that these apertures serve as held in this position by the resilience of wall 15. journals as will become apparent. It is quite apparent that the structure described may The aperture 11 is disposed below aperture 12 in ear readily be incorporated into any one of a variety of 7, and is large enough to permit passage of normal types of loose-leaf binders, clip-boards, and the like, writing instruments such as pencils, ball point pens and particularly the structure disclosed in the aforesaid the like therethrough. This aperture is in communica 65 Ensign et al. application, therefore, the invention is lim tion with a tapered, elongated well or recess formed in ited only as is de?ned in the claims appended hereto. the base 1 parallel to and adjacent the top edge of the What is claimed is: base. It will be noted particularly in FIGS. 1 and 3, 1. In a binder structure for loose-leaf sheets having that the well tapers in size such that its narrower portion’ ‘at least a pair of openings therein disposed adjacent a conforms to the size of aperture 11 while the ‘larger 70 marginal edge, a base underlying said sheets, a pair of portion is of a size such as to be able to accommodate sheet engaging pins on said base for receiving the open more than one such instrument. ing in said sheets, said pins being spaced from a mar 3,018,780 3 4 ginal edge of said base, a cover means for holding the sheets on said pins, said cover means comprising a plate like member pivotally mounted on said base and being swingable from a position overlying said pins to a posi tion spaced away from said pins, 21 pair of vertical ears on said base disposed adjacent said ?rst mentioned mar adjacent said aperture and movable with said cover for ginal edge, normal thereto and in parallel spaced rela tion, a vertical wall de?ning said ?rst mentional mar covering said aperture to prevent dislodgement of articles disposed in said well through the aperture in said ear. 2. The binder structure de?ned in claim 1 wherein said ears serve as journals for said cover member, and said vertical wall bears against the edge of said cover to bias it either in an open or closed position. 3. The binder structure de?ned in claim 2 wherein ginal edge and de?ning with said ears and the marginal said aperture closing means comprises a dependent tab edges of the sheets and said cover, a closed receptacle, 10 formed on an edge of said cover adjacent the aperture an aperture in one of said ears, an elongated well dis in one of said upstanding ears. posed adjacent the vertical wall de?ning the edge of said base, said well tapering toward said aperture, and means No references cited.