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Патент USA US3019161

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Jan. 30, 1962
A. E. CALLAGHAN
3,019,151
MACHINES FOR FORMING PADS 0R PADDING FROM
TEXTILE OR OTHER FIBRE-‘S
Filed May 11, 1959
2 Sheets—Sheet 1
lNyEN-rOR
Aum‘u E. CALLAGHAN
BY
ATTORNEY
Jan. 30, 1962
A. E. CALLAGHAN
MACHINES FOR FORMING PADS OR PADDING FROM
TEXTILE OR OTHER FIBRES
Filed May 11, 1959
3,019,151
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
22
_ _/.
INVENTOR
ALBERT E. CALLAGHAN
BY
WM
ATTORNEY,
United States Patent O?ice
1
3,019 151
MACHINES FOR FORMING PADS OR PADDING
FROM TEXTILE OR OTHER FIBRES
Albert Edward Callaghan, West Lavington, Midhnrst,
ngland, assignor to Bir?eld Engineering Limited,
London, England
3,019,151
Patented Jan. 30, 1962
2
ing or stut?ng mattresses and cushions. Or, it may be
delivered to machinery for other or further processing,
for instance to be made up into rope. Successive pads
can alternatively be formed, if desired, by intermittent
feed of the ?bres or the like to the blower 11 and suc
cessive applications of the aforesaid bathe in the vibra
tory tray 12. The thickness of the pad or pads may be
varied by adjustment of the louvre 14 aforesaid and of
This invention relates to machines for forming pads 10 the level of the cover 19 in the tray as will be under
stood. The cover would be vented, i.e:. it would have
or padding from textile or other ?bres.
an aperture or apertures at some point before that at
An object of the invention is to provide an improved
which the build up of the padding or pads takes place,
machine for the production of padding from ?bres.
in order to allow for release of the air pressure which
In order to enable the invention to be readily under
is continually building ilp the padding being formed in
stood reference is directed, by way of example, to the 15 the
tray.
Filed May 11, 1959, Ser. No. 812,293
4 Claims. (Cl. 156--375)
accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a part-sectional and partly diagram
matic elevation illustrating one form of the machine,
The invention is not restricted to the embodiment above
particularly described because modi?cations are possible
and
without departing from the scope of the invention. For
FIGURE 2 is an end elevation of FIGURE 1 omitting 20 instance, other ways may be adopted for applying the
certain parts.
treatment agent to the ?bres. Thus, it may be sup
plied to the blower so as to become incorporated into
In the drawings, the machine comprises a frame 10
the blast therefrom, or sprinkling devices for this agent
supporting a blower 11 at one end and a vibratory tray
could be arranged over the ?rst part of the oscillatory
12 at the other end. From the delivery of the blower,
which suitably is driven by an electric motor (not shown), 25 tray, as shown at 23 in FIGURE 1, or a combination
of the means described may be adapted.
a taper duct 13, which alternatively may be ?aring or
According to another mod?cation. a suction box such
of uniform cross-section, leads to the entry end of the
as 24, FIGURE 1, may be applied over the ?rst part
tray 12. The duct may be ?tted with an adjustable
of the oscillatory tray 12, or over the aforesaid aper
louvre 14 to control or direct the blast from the blower
11. In the duct a spray nozzle 15 or the like may be 30 ture or apertures in the tray cover 19, for removal of
dust and more ready release of air from the pads or
arranged to deliver a treatment agent into the blast.
The tray 12 has upstanding sides and is mounted on
swingable links 16 so that it may be given slight oscil
padding being formed in the tray. In that event if, as
coir, horsehair or hog’s hair, ?ax, wool, cotton, jute,
processing.
sisal, string or rope or like ?bres or ?bre glass, in loose
condition, are fed to the entry to the blower from a suit
able hopper or feed box 20 so that they are carried in
treated material may be directed by this apron device to
a drying oven if necessary in any particular case.
may be, the machine has an overall cover 25, FIGURE
1, for the tray, this cover would be made perforate
latory movements by an eccentric 17 driven from an
electric motor 18, so as to convey material forwardly 35 beneath the suction box 24 as indicated, for instance, at
the broken~away part of this box. Suction may con
in the tray. The drive by the eccentric 17 may be at
veniently be set up in this box 24 by connecting it
the inlet end of the tray 12, as shown, or at the outlet
through ducting 26, and preferably by way of a duct
end or intermediately. The tray is ?tted with an in
or ?bre separating device 27, with the inlet of the blow
ternal cover 19, which, if desired, may be capable of
er 11.
'
adjustment to different levels in the tray. The latter 40
The travelling apron device is not an essential part
may deliver on to an endless travelling apron device or
of the machine though it is useful for directing the de~
to other desired location.
livered treated material to appropriate means for further
In operation, the textile or other ?bres, for example
the air blast from the delivery 21 of the blower and
through the duct 13 leading to the vibratory tray 12.
The feed to 20 is suitably regulated, for example by any
standard automatic feeder, to provide even and constant
Before being delivered by the travelling
apron device to machinery for further processing, the
I claim:
1. A machine for forming ?bres into padding com~
prising a blower, means to deliver ?bres to the blower,
a duct leading away from the blower and terminating
remote from the blower in a delivery end, a tray ad
?ow to the blower inlet through the duct 22. In the
jacent to the delivery end of the duct to receive ?bres
duct 13, the ?bres may be subjected to the action of the
delivered along the duct by the blower, upstanding sides
treatment agent supplied through the nozzle 15 and
which may be a liquid or other bonding agent for the 55 on the tray, :1 vented cover for the tray extending be
tween said upstanding sides, the duct delivering the ?bres
?bres, for instance arti?cial resin or rubber latex, or
to the tray between the sides and beneath the cover, and
it may be an oil or a dye or other chemical. Under
means to vibrate the tray to consolidate the ?bres de
the action of the blast, and the spray, this agent is im
livered thereto into padding and to move the latter to
pinged on the ?bres while the latter are actually in
wards a delivery point.
?ight. The ?bres are carried by the blast into the
vibratory tray 12 beneath the aforesaid cover 19. At
2. A machine for forming ?bres into padding com
an appropriate distance along the tray a ba?ie (not
prising a blower, means to deliver ?bres to the blower,
shown) may be placed, for example across the delivery
a duct leading away from the blower and terminating
end of the tray, to form a barrier causing the treated
remote from the blower in a delivery end, a tray ad
?bres to build up to a su?icient amount to balance the 65 jacent to the delivery end of the duct to receive ?bres
blower blast. The ba?le is then removed whereupon,
with constant maintenance of the oscillatory operation
of the vibratory tray 12, a continuous length of ?bre
padding will be formed and fed forward in the tray and
delivered along the duct by the blower, upstanding sides
on the tray, a vented cover between said upstanding
sides, the duct delivering the ?bres to the tray between
the sides and beneath the cover, a suction box located
delivered on to the endless apron device or other loca
tion as aforesaid and may thereafter be guillotined into 70 above and in sealing engagement with the vented cover,
separate lengths or pads suitable, for example, for mak
a further duct connecting said suction box to the blower
inlet, and means to vibrate the tray to consolidate the
3,019,151
3
?bres delivered thereto into padding and to move the
latter towards a delivery point.
3. A machine for forming. ?bres into padding com
prising a blower, means to deliver ?bres to the blower,
a duct leading away’from the blower and terminating
remote from the blower in a delivery end’, a rectangular
tray adjacent to the delivery end of the duct to receive
4
said duct to introduce a treatment agent to the ?bres
passing along the duct, a tray adjacent to the delivery
end of the duct to receive ?bres delivered along the
duct by the blower, upstanding sides on the tray, a vented
cover between said upstanding sides, the duct delivering
the ?bres to the tray between the sides and beneath
the cover, a suction box located above and in sealing
engagement with the vented cover, a further duct con
?bres delivered along the duct by the blower, upstand
necting said suction box to the blower inlet, and means
ing side members on the tray which de?ne opposed open
to vibrate the tray to consolidate the ?bres delivered
ends, a vented cover for the tray extending between said 10 thereto into padding and to move the latter towards a
upstanding side members, the duct delivering the ?bres
to the tray ‘between the side members at one of said
ends and beneath the cover, a suction box located above‘
and in sealing engagement with the vented cover, a fur
ther duct connecting said suction box to the blower inlet, 15
swing links suspending the tray for oscillation in direc
tions parallel to said side members, and means to oscil
late the tray in said directions ‘to consolidate the ?bres
into padding and to move the latter towards the other of
20
said ends of the tray.
4. A machine for forming ?bres into padding com
prising a blower, means to deliver ?bres to the blower,
a duct leading away from the blower and terminating
remote from the blower in a delivery end, means in
delivery point.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,756,468
2,195,158
2,398,831
2,493,194
2,510,229
2,618,816
2,646,381
Moller ______________ __ Apr. 29,
Watts _______________ __ Mar. 26,
Hoffman _____________ __ Apr. 23,
Heino _______________ _.. Jan. 3,
Joa _________________ __ June 6,
Joa _________________ __ Nov. 25,
Duvall ______________ __ July 21,
1930
1940
1946
1950
1950
1952
1953
2,689,597
Kinnear _____________ __ Sept. 21, 1954
2,700,796
Roman ______________ __ Feb. 1, 1955
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