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Патент USA US3019454

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Feb. 6, 1962
s. POLLACK ET AL
SHOWER CAP
3,019,444
‘
Filed Feb. 12, 1960
F162
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Patented Feb. 6, 1962
1
2
3,019,444
Shirley Pollack, 17114 Fairiield, and Devora Finsilver,
fests itself in a plurality of wrinkles 15 which occur in
the material. A plurality of stiffening ribs 14 are sewn
to the outer surface of the ?lm 12 in a pattern that radi
SHOWER CAP
20435 Picadilly, both of Detroit, Mich.
Filed Feb. 12, 196i), Ser. No. 8,410
2 Claims. (Cl. 2—68)
ates from a common center 16 and extends to just short
of the elastic member which forms the edge.
This invention relates to headgear which may be worn
while bathing or showering to protect the hair of the
wearer from water.
While
these strips are illustrated as being sewn to the outer side
of the cap they may also be sewn to the inner surface
which has the advantage of obviating the necessity that
they be waterproof.
10
The elaborate coiffures worn by many women are easily
spoiled when contacted by water. Therefore it has long
The strips 14 are formed of material such as a plastic
or a heavily stiffened fabric or a metal which may be
easily bent to assume a curve and which is non-resilient
been the practice for women to protect their hairdos
so that it will retain the shape that it is given.
from contact with water while showering or bathing by
FIGURES 3 and 4 illustrate how the ribs 14 may be
wearing caps formed of a ?exible waterproof film mate 15 deformed so as to accommodate various shapes of the
rial having an elastic band or other means for closely
coiffures. In FIGURE 3 the ribs have been deformed
engaging the head of the wearer. These caps are nor
so as to give the cap a high peaked shape while in FIG
mally shapeless and when worn conform to the hair
URE 4 the ribs have all been bent at points 18 to accom
shape of the wearer.
modate a flat ?aring style of hairdo. In both cases the
At various times, including the present, large elaborate 20 shape assumed by the cap is such as to avoid any pres
hairdos have been fashionable which are unable to with
sured contact with the hair.
stand even slight pressures. When shower caps of the
FIGURE 5 illustrates an alternative embodiment of
aforedescribed type are worn with these hairdos the forces
our invention wherein the cap generally illustrated at 27..
exerted against the hair by the tensions in the material
again comprises a ?lm sheet 24 gathered up by an elastic
and the water pressure exerted against the material often 25 member 28. It differs from the previous embodiment in
cause the hairdo to collapse.
that the plurality of ribs 26, which are formed of the
It is therefore an object of the present invention to
same material as those in the previous embodiment, do
provide a shower cap formed of a ?lm material and hav~
not radiate from a common center but rather are disposed
parallel to one another entirely across the hat from one
ing means for retaining its edges closely against the head
of the wearer which is self supporting so as to avoid pres
sured contact which might be damaging to the hairdo.
In addition to being self-supporting it is necessary that
30 edge ot the other.
This con?guration provides greater
strength in the direction of the ribs but less strength in
the direction transverse to them and therefore has par
such shower cap be conformable to a wide variety of hair
ticular use with forms of hairdo where it is particularly
dos effected by women. Therefore a further object of
desirable to avoid a stress in one direction.
the present invention is to provide such a cap which may 35
Having thus described our invention, we claim:
be simply and quickly adjusted for use with any shape
1. A shower cap formed of a waterproof material
or form of hairdo.
adapted to conform to a generally spherical shape, hav
These objects are achieved in a preferred embodiment
ing means for retaining its free edge in pressured con
of the invention which comprises a cap formed of a large
tact with the head of the wearer and having a plurality
circle of waterproof plastic ?lm which is drawn together 40 of elongated, non-resilient, rigid, hand-deformable stiffen
at its free edge by an elastic member attached thereto so
as to assume a cap shape. A plurality of elongated
stiffening ribs are attached to the cap surface in a pattern
ing members attached to the surface of the material so
as to extend in a general direction from the central por
tion of the cap toward the edge thereof, whereby said
which ‘radiates from the center towards the edges. These
stiffening members may be deformed so as to vary the
ribs are non-resilient and may be deformed at any point
45 free shape assumed by the cap to conform to the hairdo
along their length to give shape to the cap. The cap is
of the wearer, said cap having a larger volume than the
adjusted so as to accommodate a particular coitfure by
bending each of the stiffening ribs into a pattern which
will cause it to ‘be self-supporting over a volume which
head and hairdo it is adapted to embrace so as to enable
it to ?t the head without crushing the hairdo of the
wearer.
can contain the hairdo without exerting pressure upon it.
2. A shower cap formed of a waterproof material
Other objects, advantages and applications of the pres 50 adapted to conform to a generally spherical shape, hav
ent invention will be made apparent ‘by the following de
ing means for retaining its free edge in pressured contact
tailed description of two embodiments of the invention.
with the head of the wearer and having a plurality of
The description makes reference to the accompanying
elongated,
non-resilient, rigid, hand-deformable stiffen
drawings in which:
55 ing members attached to the surface of the material in a
FIGURE 1 is a top view of a ?rst embodiment of the
pattern extending radially from the center toward the
invention;
edge, whereby said stiffening members may be deformed
FIGURE 2 is a bottom view of that embodiment of the
invention;
FIGURES 3 and 4 are perspective views of the cap of
FIGURES 1 and 2 as it may be shaped to accommodate
coiffures of various design; and
so as to vary the free shape assumed by the cap to con
form to the hairdo of the wearer, said cap having a larger
volume than the head and hairdo it is adapted to embrace
so as to enable it to ?t the head without crushing the
hairdo of the wearer.
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of an alternative em
bodiment of the present invention.
As illustrated in FIGURES l, 2, 3, and 4, a preferred 65
embodiment to the invention generally indicated at 10,
comprises a circle of waterproof plastic ?lm material
such as polyethylene 12 which is gathered at its free end
by a continuous elastic member 20 so as to form a semi~
enclosed shape. The excess material at the edges mani 70
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
734,578 '
1,904,108
1,984,521
2,677,827
Lemmerman __________ -_ July 28, 1903
Walsh ______________ .._ Apr. 18, 1933
Deegan ______________ __ Dec. 18, 1934
Lockhart __________ __..._ May 11, 1954
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