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Патент USA US3019458

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Feb. 6, 1962
G. ULICNI
3,019,448
FLUSH CONTROL DEVICE FOR TOILET FLUSH TANK
Filed Jan. 11, 1961
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INVENTOR.
“iii/
illtd
3,819,443
C6
Patented Feb. 6, 1362
2
These and other objects and advantages of the present
invention will become more apparent from the following
3,019,448
FLUSH CONTROL DEVICE FOR TOILET
FLUSH TANK
detailed description of a preferred embodiment as shown
in the accompanying drawing in which:
George Ulicni, Gary, Ind.
(6817 Harrison St., Crown Point, Ind.)
Filed Jan. 11, 1961, Ser. No. 82,011
7 Claims. (Cl. 4-41)
FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of the ?ush tank
shown in cross-section excepting a fragment thereof;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged horizontal section taken sub
stantially along a section line 2—2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the ring conduit and
This invention relates to ?ush control devices for
toilet ?ush tanks and may be described as an improve 10 stopper ball; the ring conduit is partly sectioned to show
ment over the invention set forth in my application Serial
the valve means for the outlet tube; '
Number 52,725, ?led August 29, 1960.
FIGURE 4-is a side elevation of the ring conduit sec
As stated therein, the ?ush tank commonly employed
tioned along line 4-74 of FIGURE 3, and shown in
with a toilet bowl is conventionally provided with a dis
operative relationship Lwith. the stopper ball; and
charge valve comprising an outlet pipe and a- stopper 15
FIGURE 5 is a front elevation of the ball release
ball seated therein. A vertically disposed stem guided
means.
‘
..
Y
"
for axial movement is connected at ‘one end to the
Referring now to the drawings‘, numeral 2 designates
stopper ball and the other end thereof is commonly
a conventional flush tank having a discharge valve 4 in
formed with an eyelet for lifting engagement with a link
cluding the usual’outlet pipe 6, an over?owpipe 8 com
which is connected to a lever and lifted thereby when 20 municating' with said outlet pipe 6 by means of a passage
said lever is pivotally moved. Said lever is pivoted by
in connector 10 and a stopper ball 12 which when seated
means of a handle outside the ?ush tank, When this
in the outlet pipe 6 closes the discharge valve 4 and
linkage is actuated, the stopper ball is lifted from its
when lifted from its seat opens said discharge valve.
seated position in the outlet pipe and the water in the
Said stopper ball 12 is lifted from its seat in the outlet
tank is discharged through the outlet pipe into the toilet 25 pipe by means of stopper ball rod 14, link 16 and lever
bowl and flushes the waste material through the goose
18 when handle 20 is manually pivoted. As the water
neck or trap way of the toilet bowl into the sewer pipe.
is discharged through the outlet pipe 6, ?oat 22 lowers
with the water level in tank 2, pivoting connecting arm
As the water level in the tank falls, the ?oating stopper
ball is'guided toward'and falls against the seat of the
24 about is fulcrum 26, opening water inlet valve 28 to
outlet pipe closing said discharge valve and allowing 30 replenish the water discharged from the tank during the
the inlet water to accumulate in the tank preparatory
for the next ?ushing.
?ushing operation. This is, of course, well known to
those skilled in the art to ‘which this invention portains.
In accordance with the principles of my invention, I
It occasionally happens that the Waste in the toilet
bowl will not pass through its trap way to the sewer pipe
provide a conduit or tube 30 connected at one end to
and the water will accumulate in the toilet bowl to an 35 the discharge end 32 of water inlet valve 28. The other
over?ow level if the cover of the ?ush‘tank is not quickly
end of tube 30 terminates in a spray ring 34,
removed and the stopper ball manually pushed into the
seat of the outlet pipe thereby stopping the How of water
Spray ring 34 is further provided with an outlet tube
36 located preferably within the same quarter sector con
from the tank to the toilet bowl. More often than not,
taining the inlet tube 30. Spray ring 34 contains a ball
the cover of the flush tank is used as a shelf for jars 40 38 which is free to roll to the mouth of the outlet tube
and other articles used in the toilet room and by the
36 and away therefrom. The bottom wall of spray ring
time it is realized that the water will over?ow the toilet
34 adjacent the mouth of the discharge tube 36 is pressed
bowl, it will be too late to remove these articles from
inwardly to form a ramp-like incline 4i). Crimp 42 is
the cover and the cover itself before some ?ooding
provided in the bottom Wall of spray ring 34 adjacent the
occurs. In the case with children, ?ooding occurs fre— 45 mouth of the inlet tube 30. Incline 40 and crimp 42
quently due to the injuclicious use of the toilet bowls
contain the ball 38 within that sector of the spray ring
and the inability to stop the water to the toilet bowl once
between the inlet and outlet tube 30 and 36, respectively.
the ?ush has started.
I provide a hole 44 in the top Wall of the spray ring 34
To avoid the above dii?culties, various means may be
adjacent the outlet tube 36. Said hole 44 slidably re
used for stopping the ?ushing action of the tank. In 50 ceives the lower end of rod 46. The insertion of rod 46
my above pending application, a separate valve is em
in said hole 44 is limited by shield 48 which rests on the
ployed to discharge the in?owing water directly into the
top wall of spray ring 34. The top end of rod 46 is
tank during normal operation or to discharge the in
pivotally connected to one end of cross-link 50. Said
?owing water into the tank by Way of the ring conduit
link 50 is pivotally connected to stopper ball guide 52
when it is desired to seat the stopper ball into the dis 55 by means of pin 54. The other end of cross-link 50 is
charge pipe to stop the ?ushing operation.
provided with laterally extending portion 56 having an
An object of the present invention is to provide a single
unit ?ush control device which is more economical to
manufacture and which may be more easily and quickly
opening 58 therein through which passes stopper ball rod
14. The free end of said stopper ball rod 14 terminates
in an eyelet 60. Link 16 connects lever 18 by hooking
installed within a ?ush tank by the ordinary householder
requiring no special tools.
Another object of my improved ?ush control device is
one end thereof into one of several holes 62 in the end of
lever 18. The other end of link 16 terminates in an eye
let 63 which circles the rod 14 immediately below eyelet
60 and by engaging eyelet 60 of rod 14 lifts the stopper
ball 12 from its seated position and by moving against
to provide valve means within the spray unit which will
operate automatically upon movement of a simple re
lease means.
A further object of the present invention is to provide
a ?ush control device which operates to prevent further
?ushing until the valve means is reset.
A still further object of the present invention is to
65
the laterally extending portion 56 of cross-link 50, pivots
said cross-link 50 on pin 54 to lift rod 46 su??ciently to
release ball 38 in spray ring 34.
‘Spray ring 34 is positioned to concentrically receive
stopper ball 12 when in the lifted position as: shown in
provide a ?ush control device which operates in such a 70 FIGURE 4. Holes 64 are located in the spray ring 34
manner to prevent the stopper ball from becoming
so that jets of water through said holes 64 strike the upper
jammed in its lifted position.
surface of stopper ball 12. The outlet tube 36 is bent
3,019,448
4
so that the open end of the outlet tube is directed toward
the bottom of tank 2. A hole 66 is provided ‘at the bend
in the discharge tube 36 into which is threadedly con
nected oneendof re?ll tube 68. The other end of re?ll
tube 68 empties into over?ow pipe 8.
The operation of my invention is as follows:
When the toilet bowl is ?ushed by manually turning
‘closure of said valve is lifted from its seat by a manually
movable linkage and wherein liquid is supplied to said
?ush tank through an inlet valve, the combination there
with; of a tubular conduit comprising an inlet portion
connected to said inlet valve, a curved portion concen
trically positioned over said closure, said curved portion
having ori?ces directed to discharge liquid against said
closure, an outlet portion for discharging liquid into said
handle 20 counterclockwise as viewed in FIGURE 1, lever
tank, and stopper means movable into said outlet portion
18 and link 16 lift stopper ball 12 from its seated posi
tion in outlet pipe 6 to the spray ring 34 and remains con 10 to stop said liquid from discharging through said outlet
portion; and means actuated by said manually movable
linkage for releasably holding said stopper means away
from said outlet portion.
level ‘in the tank 2 lowers, lowering therewith ?oat 22
2. In a flush tank of the class wherein liquid is dis~
thereby pivoting its connecting arm 24 about fulcrum 26,
opening waterrinlet valve 28 which allows the water to 15 charged ‘therefrom through a ball and seat valve when
the hall of said ball and seat’valve is lifted from said seat
?ow through outlet 32, tube '30 ‘connected thereto, through
by manually movable linkage ‘restrained by guide means
spray ring 34 and ‘discharged into ?ush tank 2 through
and wherein liquid is supplied to vsaid ?ush tank through
outlet tube 36. A porti‘o'n'of the water discharged through
an inlet valve, the combination therewith; of a tubular
outlet tube 136 ‘will pass through re?ll tube 68 into over
?ow pipe 8.‘ A small amount of water may leak from 20 conduit ‘comprising an ‘inlet ‘portion connected to said
inlet valve, a ‘curved portion ‘concentrically positioned
hole 44 in the top wall of "ring '34, however this water
over said ball, said 'curv'edlportion having ori?ces directed
will be de?ected into the tank 2 by shield ‘48. Also a
to discharge liquid against said ball, an outlet portion
small amount ‘of water will spray from holes 64 in ring
for discharging liquid ‘into said tank, and stopper means
34 and Will impinge against the ‘top of stopper ball 12
but not with su?icient force to overcome the force of 25 movable into said outlet portion to stop said liquid from
vdischarging through said outlet portion; and means piv
buoyancy and to seat the stopper ball in discharge pipe
otally supported by said guide means, said means actu
6. The spray of this small amount of water through
ated by said manually movable linkage for releasably
holes 64 will actually have the effect of preventing the
holding said stopper means away from said outlet portion.
stopper ball from jamming into the ‘spray ring 34. As
3. In a ?ush tank of the class wherein liquid is dis
suming the ?ushing operation through the toilet bowl is 30
centrically positioned in said ring by its buoyancy. As
the water discharges through the outlet pipe 6, the water
charged therefrom through 'a ball and seat valve when
accomplished satisfactorily, then as the Water level falls
the ball of said ball and seat valve is lifted from said seat
vbelow the spray ring 34, the stopper ball 12 ?oats down~
by manually movable linkage restrained by guide means
wardly to its seated position to close the discharge valve
and wherein liquid is supplied to said ?ush tank through
4 allowing the water in tank 2 to accumulate for the
succeeding flush. However, if’ the ?ushing operation 35 an inlet valve, the combination therewith; of a tubular
conduit comprising an inlet portion connected to said
‘through the toilet bowl is not accomplished satisfactorily
inlet valve, a curved portion concentrically positioned over
and for the probable reason that waste material cannot
said ball, said curved portion having ori?ces directed to
pass the trap way section of the toilet bowl, and the water
discharge liquid into said tank, an outlet portion for dis
in the bowl begins to accumulate to over?ow level, handle
20 is manually ‘turned in the opposite direction from that 40 charging liquid into said tank, and stopper means movable
vinto said outlet portion to stop said liquid from discharg
of a normal ?ush, that is, clockwise as viewed in FIGURE
ing through said outlet portion; and means including a
1. This movement causes lever 18 to pivot downwardly,
moving downwardly therewith link 16. Eyelet 63 of said
link member pivotally supported on said guide means,
link 16 will than abut against the laterally extending por
said link member actuated by said manually movable
tion 56 of cross-link 5t], pivoting said cross-link 50 on pin 45 linkage, a second link member depending from said ?rst
54 and causing rod 46 to lift thereby releasing ball 38 in
named link member for releasably holding said stopper
spray ring 34. The ?ow of water through said ring 34
means away from said outlet portion.
4. In a flush tank of the class‘wherein liquid is dis
and outlet tube 36 will cause the ball 38 to seat itself
charged therefrom through a ball and seat valve when the
against the mouth of outlet tube 36 and thereby prevent
further discharge of water through tube 36. The water
ball of said ball and .seat valve is lifted from said ‘seat by
in said ring '34 will then be jetted through holes 64 of
manually movable linkage restrained by guide means
said ring 34 and strike the top surface of stopper ball 12
and wherein liquid is supplied to said flush tank through
with su?icient force to seat the stopper ball 12 into the
an mlet valve, the combination therewith; of a circular
outlet pipe 6 and thereby stop the ?ushing operation of
conduit concentrically positioned over said closure com
the ?ush tank 2. The Water continues to discharge in 55 prlsing, conduit means adapted for connection to said
?ush tank 2 through holes 64 of spray ring 34 until the
inlet valve to supply liquid to said circular conduit, said
water is replenished therein and ?oat 22 is again raised
circular conduit having ori?ces directed to discharge liq
closing inlet valve 28. When handle 20 is released (after
uid against said ball, a second conduit means for discharg
the ?ushing operation is stopped) cross-link St} is free to
mg liquid into said tank, a ball seating surface in said
pivot in the opposite direction allowing rod 46 to drop 60 second conduit means, a ball in said circular conduit
into ring 34 through hole 44 and thereby trap ball 38
movable against said ball seating surface to obstruct said
on the water outlet side of said rod 46. This feature pre
second conduit means and thereby prevent said liquid
vents any further ?ushing of the tank 2 until the cause
from discharging through said second conduit means,
of the ?ooding is remedied and rod 46 is again lifted in
the manner above described allowing the ball 38 to roll 65 and means including a link member pivotally supported
by said guide means, said link member actuated by said
down ramp incline 40 to the water inlet side of rod 46
manually movable linkage, a second link member de
and there be retained by rod 4-6 until again released.
pending from said ?rst named link member, the end of
While I have shown and described only certain pre
said secondlink member inserted through an opening in
ferred embodiments of the invention, it is apparent that
modi?cations may arise. Therefore, I do not wish to be 70 said circular conduit to releasably hold said ball away
from the ball seating surface in said second conduit means.
limited to the disclosure set forth but only by the scope
5. The combination of claim 4 wherein said circular
of the appended claims.
conduit is internally provided with a surface inclining
I claim:
toward said second conduit means and a projection adja
1. In a ?ush tank of the class wherein liquid is dis
charged therefrom through a discharge valve when the 75 cent said ?rst conduit means to limit the movement of
3,019,448
6
said ball therein between the ?rst conduit means and
said circular conduit having spaced ori?ces for spraying
said second conduit means.
6. A ?ush control device for a flush tank wherein liquid
liquid therethrough, a second conduit means for discharg
ing liquid from said circular conduit, a ball seating sur
is discharged through a discharge valve opened by manu
ally movable link members and liquid is supplied to said
?ush tank through an inlet valve, comprising a circular
conduit, conduit means adapted for connection to said
inlet valve to supply liquid to said circular conduit, said
circular conduit having spaced ori?ces for spraying liq
face in said second conduit means, a ball in said circular
conduit movable against said ball seating surface to ob
struct said second conduit means and thereby prevent
said liquid from discharging through said second conduit
means, an upset in the wall of said circular conduit form
ing a restriction to retain said ball, a second upset in the
uid therethrough, a second conduit means for discharging 10 Wall of said circular conduit forming an incline to said
liquid from said circular conduit, stopper means movable
second conduit means, said circular conduit having an
in said circular conduit to obstruct said second conduit
opening in the Wall thereof, means for insertion through
means and thereby prevent said liquid from discharging
through said second conduit means, and means for releas
ably holding said stopper means away from said second 15
conduit means.
7. A ?ush control device for a ?ush tank wherein liq
uid is discharged through a discharge valve opened by
manually movable link members and liquid is supplied to
said ?ush tank through an inlet valve, comprising a cir 20
cular conduit, conduit means adapted for connection to
said inlet valve to supply liquid to said circular conduit,
said hole for releasably holding said ball between said
incline and said restriction.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,527,909
2,729,826
Bowers ______________ __ Oct. 3, 1950
Downin _____________ _... Jan. 10, 1956
2,744,262
Boyd ________________ __ May 8, 1956
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