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Патент USA US3019813

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Feb. 6, 1962
3,019,803
T. L. MOODY
AUTO CAMPER
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Jan. 28, 1960
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BY
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Feb. 6, 1962
T. L. MOODY
3,019,803
AUTO CAMPER
Filed Jan. 28, 1960
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4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR.
THO/VH1‘ Z. M000)’
BY
Feb. 6, 1962
T. L. MOODY
3,019,803
AUTO CAMPER
Filed Jan. 28, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
7/70/1045 _ L
M409)’
BYMMM {Ma
Feb. 6, 1962
-r. L. MOODY
3,019,803
AUTO CAMPER
Filed Jan. 28, 1960
'
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
BMW M
147/0575)“
United States Patent C "ice
d?ih?dii
Patented Feb. 6, 1952
2
1
and to which the pivotal connection at its rear end and
3,019,803
enclosure frame comprise a plurality of rectangularly
AUTO (IAMPER
Thomas L. Moody, 348 ‘Warren Road, Hathoro, Pa.
Filed Jan. 28, 196i}, Ser. No. 5,231
8 Claims. (Q1. 135-4)
shaped frame elements pivotally connected and covered
by fabric.
For a full and more complete understanding of the in
vention, reference may be had to the following descrip
tion and accompanying drawings, wherein:
The present invention relates to an auto camper, and
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view depicting the upier
is concerned primarily with improvements directed to
portion of a car body and showing the auto camper of
simplicity and sureness of operation together with low
10 this invention‘ mounted thereon, with the enclosure frame
manufacturing cost.
swung rearwardly but illustrated in its compact condi
At the present time, a large portion of the vacationing
tion in phantom outline;
American public requires the use of camping facilities,
FIGURE 2 is another perspective showing the en
and particularly ‘an enclosure in the nature of a tent.
closure frame in erected position but with the canvas or
Many camping kits have been provided; however, most
of the known equipment along, this line is designed for 15 fabric omitted.
FIGURE 3 is a diagrammatic View looking from the
storage in and assembly with trailers. This factor in
itself prohibits the use of such equipment in a large num
ber of cases because of the trouble and inconvenience
attending. the use of trailers.
rear and illustrating the manner in which the side frame
elements are swung into erected position;
While not in use on the top of a conventional automobile,
position;
FIGURE 4 is another diagrammatic view similar to
The present invention is directed primarily at the pro 20 FIGURE 3, but taken in a direction normal thereto, illus
trating how the end elements are swung into erected
vision of a camping kit that is designed to be stored away
but which may be extended and erected in usable posi
tion with a minimum effort and making use of the auto
mobile as a supporting element. Known devices falling 25
within this category have heretofore been unduly com
plex and expensive, and for this reason have met with ' Y
but little acceptance by the using public.
An important object of the invention is to provide, in
’
FIGURE 5 is a top plan View of the supporting frame
work per se, and depicting in broken lines different ad
justment positions;
FiGURE 6 is a detailed top plan view of the rear end
of the supporting framework and the front end of the
enclosure frame that is pivotally mounted thereon;
FiGURE 7 is a detailed vertical section through the
pivotal connection between the supporting framework and
enclosure frame, being taken about on the plane repre
sented by the line 7—~7 of FIGURE 6;
an auto camper of the character indicated, a supporting .
framework that is secured to the top of an automobile
and which is designed to receive the camper in a compact
FIGURE 8 is an end elevation of the pivotal connec
state and from which the camper is extended into erected
position with the supporting framework acting as a sup
port for the enclosure.
Another object of the invention is to provide, in an
auto camper of the type noted, a supporting framework
that is adjustable to fit car bodies of varying dimensions.
tion depicting the manner in'which an automobile body
of low height is accommodated;
FIGURE 9 is a detail illustrating a pivotal connection
that is used throughout the enclosure frame;
FIGURE 10 is a view similar to FIGURE 9, being
taken on a plane normal thereto;
FIGURE 11 is a detail illustrating a pivotal connection
provide, in an ‘auto camper including a supportingframe~ 40
Another highly important object of the invention is to
that is used in incorporating a top frame element into the
construction and which top frame element includes a ridge
work of the type noted, a collapsible enclosure frame
that is pivotally mounted on and connected to the sup;v
porting framework at one end (preferably the rear) of
the latter.
This enclosure frame comprises several ele
ments which are adapted to be folded into va compact 45
condition and tied down to the supporting framework.
It is also adapted to be'swung rearwardly on the pivotal
connection and then unfolded into an erected position.
Still another important obiect of the invention is to
pole. This view is taken as a section through a side bar
of a horizontal frame element;
FlGURE 12 is a bottom plan view of the connection
shown in FIGURE 11;
,
FEGURE i3 is a top plan view of the connection shown
in FIGURE 11;
FIGURE 14 isa detailed section taken about on the
provide, in an auto camper of the oharacter‘indicated, a. 50 plane represented by the line ‘Ll-14 of FIGURE 13;
FIGURE 15 is a perspective of the camper in erected
pivotal connection between the supporting framework and
position before the end flaps are folded into effective
the enclosure frame which will accommodate variations
position;
in the heights of the cars on which the camper might be
FIGURE 16 is another perspective looking from the
assembled. This feature is of importance because it is
do 'rable that the campers be standardized and yet be 55 rear showing the rear end ?aps in effective position; and
FEGURE 17 is another perspective from the front illus—
susceptible of use with just about any make or style of
trating the front ?aps in effective position.
automobile.
Referring now to the drawings, wherein like reference
Another obiect of the invention is to provide, in an
characters denote corresponding parts, an automobile
auto camper of the character aforesaid, an enclosure
body is illustrated in FIGURE 1 and referred to in its
frame comprising a plurality of rectangularly shaped
frame elements which are pivotal-1y connected together
and which ‘are covered by canvas or a comparable fabric
to complete the enclosure.
‘
60 entirety by the reference character B.
It is to be clearly
understood that the particular body B illustrated is not
a limitation on the invention, and the camper hereof
may be used with just about any conventional type of
Various other more detailed objects and advantages
car body. This car body ordinarily would include a roof
of the invention are associated with the details of these 65 or top 1% having exposed or free side edges 11 on the
frame elements, the manner in which they are assembled,
opposite sides thereof.
and the manner in which they are folded into a compact
Referring for the moment more particularly to FIG
condition or unfolded into an erected position.
»
URE S, a supporting framework which is mounted on
The invention therefore comprises a low~cost campers’
the top 10 is therein illustrated, and referred to in its
kit consisting essentially of a supporting framework 70 entirety by the reference character S. The supporting
framework S comprises a front crosspiece 8 that is made
adapted to be mounted on the top of anautomobile body
3,019,803
3
of any material that is conveniently available, such as
wood or metal, and which preferably is of the rectangular
cross section illustrated.
Side bars 12 and 13 have their
front ends secured to the crosspiece 11 in any well-known
manner which will afford a fixed connection. These side
for pivotally mounting the enclosure frame E on the sup
porting frame S on a vertical axis so that it ‘may ‘be
swung around from a compact position on top of the
car into the position illustrated in FIGURE 1 in which
it is about to be unfolded into an erected position. More
bars 12 and 13 preferably take the form of metallic rods
over, variations in the heights of the ears on which the
of circular cross section.
camper is mounted are accommodated due to the fact
A rear adjustable crosspiece
that the sleeve 38 may move vertically on the pivot pin
14 is formed with passages 15 which slidably receive the
'33’ with the elongated slot 32 accommodating the differ
side rods 12 and 13. A central strut 16 has its front
end ?xedly secured to the front crosspiece 11 in any de 10 ence in heights while assuring that the erected height
of the camper is constant.
sired manner; and its rear end extends beyond the rear
A side frame element 0 comprises a lower side bar 43,
ends of the side bars 12 and 13 and is formed with a slot
a rear end bar 44, a front end bar 45, and a ridge pole
17 opening into the end thereof. This central strut 16
46. These parts 43, 44, 45, and 46 define a rectangular
is also formed with a series of spaced apertures 18 any
one of which is adapted to receive a bolt 19, which also 15 frame element that is pivotally mounted on the side 27
of the horizontal frame a ‘by the pivotal connection
passes through a hole formed in the rear crosspiece .14.
A nut 26 is threaded on the bolt 19 and maintains the
shown in ‘FIGURES 11-14, inclusive. However, it will
be noted that each of the end bars 414 and 45 are of a
assembled relation.
It is evident that the rear crosspiece 14 maybe adjusted
two-piece construction which renders the side frame ele
to ?t the size of the top of any particular car on which 20 ment 0 in its collapsible condition about the side 27.
Inasmuch as these'two-piece constructions are duplicates,
the camper is to be mounted.
only one of ‘them is described in detail as illustrated in
Referring now again more particularly to FIGURE 1,
a plurality of S-shaped fastening members '21 areishown
FIGURES 11-14, inclusive. Thus, the end bar 44 is
shown as being made up of sections 47 and 48. The sec
as securing the supporting framework S in ‘position on
the car top 10. Each of these fastening members 21 25 tion 47 adjacent to its lower end is formed with a pair
of spaced ears 49 and 50. These ears have aligned open
has an upper hook portion 22 which engages one of the
ings 51 which pivotally receive the side 27. Beyond the
side bars 12 or 13, and a lower portion 23 which engages
ears 49 and 50 and at its 'free end the section 47 is pro
a side edge 11 of the top 10. In this position, the cen
tral strut 16 will ordinarily lie flat on the exposed surface
vided with a shoulder 52.
The lower section 48 has a U-shaped strap '53 secured
of the, car top 10‘. A tie-down strap 24 is shown as ‘being 30
interposed between the supporting framework S and the
to its upper free end by a pin 54. This strap is located
between the ears 49 and 50 and passes about the side 27.
car top 10, and ‘is adapted to assume the broken-line
It is evident that both the end-bar sections 47 and '48 are
position of FIGURE 1 in tying down the-enclosure when
pivotally mounted on the side 27 and are in pivotal rela
folded into a compact state on the framework S. One end
of the strap 24 carries a buckle 25 which is used ‘in a 35 tion with respect to one another, with the pivotal move- '
ment in one direction being limited by the shoulder 52.
well-known manner to effect the tie-down.
With this arrangement, the sections 48 and 47 may be
Referring now more particularly to FIGURE'Z, the
moved upwardly towards one another to assume a col
enclosure frame is referred to in its entirety by the ‘refer
ence character E, and comprises a plurality of frame
lapsed condition, yet downward movement beyond the
elements. Each of these frame elements is generally of 40 fully extended position is prevented by the shoulders 52.
rectangular formation and is preferably ,made of metallic
Moreover, when the camper is in erected position, the
ridge pole ‘46 assumes a position substantially midway and
tubing which is lightweight and yet will afford the strength
over the horizontal frame a.
and rigidity which is essential to a structure of this type.
Thus the enclosure frame E comprises a horizontal frame
A second side frame element is referred to in its en
element a made up of a piece of tubing ‘that is bent into
tirety by the reference character 0?, and comprises a metal
a U-shaped formation providing sides 26 and 27 and an
lic tube that is bent into a. U-shaped formation providing
end 28. It will be noted that the end 28 is joined to the
a side bar 55 and end bars 56 and 57. The free end
sides 26 and 27 by bends 29. Extending between the
of each of the end bars 56 and 57 is secured to the side
sides 26 and 27 at points spaced from the front ends
26 by a pivotal connection of the type shown in FIG
thereof is a crosspiece 30 the ends of which are secured
URES 9 and 10. Inasmuch as these pivotal connections
50
to the sides 26 and 27 in any well-known manner, such
are duplicates and are repeated in other places through
as by welding. The free ends of the sides 26 and 27 are
out the construction of the enclosure frame, only one of
anchored to a cross strut 3-1 which preferably is of rec
them is herein described in detail. Thus, the free ends
tangular cross section.
of the end bars 56 and 57 are shown as each having a
Referring now more particularly to FIGURES 6, 7, and
U-shaped strap 58 secured thereto by spaced cross-pins
8, the cross strut 31 is shown as formed with a slot 32 55 59 the ends of which may be riveted or secured in any
that is slightly elongated for a purpose to be later de
known manner to achieve a permanent connection. The
scribed. A pivot pin is designated 33; and ‘at a point
straps 58 pass around the side 26 to achieve the pivotal
spaced from its lower end has ?xedly secured thereto a
connection by the end bars 56 and 57 and the side 26.
collar 34 which engages the upper face of the central
A lower side frame element 1‘ is shown as comprising a
strut 16 of the'supporting framework S. The lower por 60 metallic tubular member of U-shaped formation providing
tion of the pivot pin 33 is threaded as shown at 35, and
a bottom bar 60 and end bars 61 and 62, with the upper
screwed onto this threaded portion is a wing nut 36,
ends of the latter pivotally connected to the sidebar 55 by
connections of the type shown in FIGURES 9 and 10.
there being a washer 37 interposed between the nut 36
Another lower side frame element is designated g, and
and the lower face of the strut 16. It is evident that his
arrangement of the collar 34 and nut 36 provides for 65 comprises a metallic tubular member fashioned into the
U-shape providing a bottom bar 63, end bars 64 and 65
mounting the pivot pin at an appropriate place in the
which are pivotally connected to the side bar 43 by
slot 17.
pivotal connections of the type shown in FIGURES 9
A sleeve 38 has a bore 39 which receives the pivot pin
33 and carries a forwardly extending ear 40 to which is 70 and 10.
A front frame element is designated h, and comprises a
pivotally connected, as by a horizontal pin 41, a pair of
complemental ears 42 that extend forwardly from the
metallic tubular member of U-shape providing a bottom
cross strut 31. The pivot pin 33 also passes through
bar 66 and vertical bars 67 and 68 which are pivotally
the elongated slot 32.
connected to the crosspiece 30 by pivotal connections of
The construction described immediately above provides 75 the type shown in FIGURES 9 and 10.
3,019,803
5
6
structions, mechanisms, and devices illustrated and de
scribed, because various modi?cations of these details
may be provided in putting the invention into practice
within the purview of the appended claims.
A rear frame element is referred to inits entirety by the
reference character 2', and comprises a metallic tubular
U-shaped piece providing a bottom bar 69 and vertical
bars 70 and 71, with the upper ends of the latter being
pivotally connected to the rear crosspiece 28 by pivotal
connections of the type shown in FIGURES 9 and 10.
What is claimed is:
1. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
work, means for securing said framework to the top of an
In erected position, front and rear end cross braces ex
automobile, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted on one
tend between the" lower corners of the end frames and
end of said supporting framework and on a vertical axis,
the lower corners of the lower side frame elements. These
cross braces are designated 72, 73, '74, and 75. Each of 10 said enclosure frame including: a horizontal frame ele
these cross braces has a pivot such as shown at 76 at its
ment having a pair of sides, a rear end and a cross strut
inner end which is carried by a swivel ring 9 on one
of the vertical bars where the end frames join, and a hook
77 at its outer end to engage one of the bottom bars of
15
the lower side frame elements.
at its front end, a crosspiece spaced from said strut, a front
end frame element pivotally mounted on said crosspiece,
A piece of any desired fabric, such as canvas or a com
parable material such as plastic, is permanently secured
over the several side frame elements and is designated
78. The connection of the fabric to the side frame ele
ments may be achieved in any well-known manner, such as
by stitching. Secured to the front edge of this fabric piece
a rear-end frame element pivotally mounted on said rear
end, side frame elements pivotally mounted on said sides
and including lower side bars, lower side frame elements
pivotally mounted on said lower side bars, hooked cross
pieces extending from the lower corners of said end frame
elements to the corresponding corners of said lower side
frame elements when said enclosure frame is in an erected
position, and fabric covering said various frame elements.
2. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
work comprising a front end crosspiece, side bars‘ having
adapted to be folded rearwardly over the main body of the
their front ends ?xedly secured to said front crosspiece,
fabric in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 15 when the
enclosure is to be stored away in a compact condition, but 25 an adjustable crosspiece carried by said side bars, a cen
tral-strut having its front end ?xedly secured to said front
which may be folded into the effective position shown in
crosspiece, and means for detachably connecting said strut
FIGURE 17 when the enclosure is erected. Likewise, a
to said adjustable crosspiece; means for securing said
plurality of diamond-shaped sections 80 are, integrally
framework to the top of an automobile, an enclosure
joined to the rear edge of the ‘main body of the fabric
‘78, and are folded back thereover in the manner depicted 30 frame pivotally mounted on one end of said supporting
framework and on a vertical axis, a plurality of frame
in FIGURE 15 when the enclosure is not to, be used,
elements included in said enclosure frame, said frame
but which may be folded into the position of FIGURE 16
elements being pivotally connected, and fabric covering
when the enclosure is to be used. An end flap or curtain is
78 are a plurality of diamond-shaped sections 7? which are
s
shown at 81 as being secured to the rear crosspiece 28
said frame elements.
_
3. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
by curtain rings 82 in a well-known manner, and may‘ 35
work comprising a front end crosspiece, side bars having
constitute the rear-door entrance to the enclosure. If
their front ends ?xedly secured to said crosspiece, an
desired, this construction may be duplicated for the front
adjustable crosspiece carried by said side bars, a central
end frame h.
‘ '
strut having its front end ?xedly secured to said front
Operation
40 crosspiece and having a slot opening onto the rear end
While the manner of using the auto camper of this in
vention is believed to ‘be obvious from ‘the illustration of
the drawings and description of parts given, it may be
of said strut, means for detachably connecting said cen
tral strut to said adjustable crosspiece, means for secur
ing said framework to the top of an automobile, a ver
tical pivot pin upstanding from the rear end of said cen
briefly outlined as follows.
It will be assumed that the supporting frame S is secured 45 tral strut, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted on said
to the car top 10 by the fastening members 21, and the
pivot pin for swinging movement thereabout and vertical
enclosure frame is folded into a compact condition and
movement therealong, said enclosure frame including: a
tied down onto the supporting framework S by the strap
24. When the auto camper is to be used, the strap 24 is
?rst released at the buckle 25 and let fall into the position
horizontal frame element having a cross strut at its front
end, a pair of sides and an end, said cross strut being
wardly about the pivot pin 33 into the position of FIG
formed with a central elongated opening, a sleeve pivot
ally mounted on a horizontal axis on the front edge of
said cross strut and having a bore in alignment with said
URE 1.
opening, said vertical pivot pin being received in said
of FIGURE 1. The enclosure frame E is now swung rear
From this position, the front and rear end
frames h and i are ?rst swung downwardly in the manner
aligned opening and bore, side frame elements pivotally
depicted in FIGURE 4 so that the bottom bars 66 and 69 55 mounted on said sides and including lower side bars,
supportingly engage the ‘ground surface. This action may
be accompanied by some movement of the sleeve 38 on
the pivot pin '33 to accommodate any discrepancies be
tween the relative height of the ground surface and the car
a)
i.)
lower side frame elements pivotally mounted on said
lower side bars, an end frame element pivotally mounted
on said end, and fabric covering said various frame
elements.
I
top. The side frame elements a‘, c, d, f, and g are then 60
4. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
swung outwardly into their erected positions in the man
work adapted to extend longitudinally of an automobile,
ner shown in FIGURE 3. In this position, the bottom
means for securing said framework to the top of an auto
bars 60 and 63 will engage the ground. The several
mobile extending longitudinally thereof, a vertical pivot
cross ‘braces 72, 73, 74, and 75 are then hooked into their
pin upstanding from the rear end of said supporting frame
effective positions to a completely erected position of the 65 work, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted at the rear
end of said supporting framework on said vertical pivot
framework. The front fabric flaps 79 are then folded
pin for vertical movement along said pin and for swing
over into the position of FIGURE 17 and the rear ?aps
ing movement about the axis of said pin to a position
80 into the position of FIGURE 16. The camper is now
rearward of the automobile at a selected height within the
in erected position and is ready for occupancy.
When it is to be stored away in a compact condition on 70 limits of said pin, a plurality of frame elements included
in said enclosure frame, said frame elements being pivot
the car top, a procedure which is the exact reverse of that
ally connected for erection on the ground behind the
described is carried out.
automobile, and fabric covering said frame elements.
5. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
that the invention is not to be limited to the exact con 75 work adapted to extend longitudinally of an automobile,
While a preferred speci?c embodiment of the invention
is hereinbefore set forth, it is to be clearly understood
3,019,803
8
rearward of the automobile at, a selected height within
the limits of said pin, said enclosure frame including: a
means for securing said framework to the top of an auto
mobile extending longitudinally thereof, a vertical pivot
pin upstanding at the rear end of said supporting frame
horizontal frame element having a cross strut at its front
end, a pair of sides and an end; said strut being formed
with a central elongate opening, a sleeve pivotally
mounted on a horizontal axis on the front edge of said
work, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted at the rear
end of said supporting framework on said vertical pivot
pin for vertical movement along said pin and for swing
strut and having a bore in alignment with said opening,
ing movement about the axis of said pin to a position
said vertical pivot pin being engaged in said aligned open
rearward of the automobile at a selected height within
ing and bore, side frame elements pivotally mounted on
the limits of said pin, ‘said enclosure frame including: a
horizontal frame element having a cross strut at its front 10 said sides and including lower side bars, lower side frame
elements pivotally mounted on said lower side bars, an
end, a pair of sides and an end; side frame elements
end frame element pivotally mounted on said end, and
pivotally mounted on said sides and including lower side
fabric covering said various frame elements.
bars, lower side frame elements pivotally mounted on
8. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
said lower side bars, an end frame element pivotally
mounted on said end, and fabric covering said various 15 work adapted to extend longitudinally of an automobile,
means for securing said framework on the top of an auto
frame elements.
mobile extending longitudinally thereof, a' vertical pivot
6. in an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
pin upstanding from the rear end of said supporting frame
work adapted to extend longitudinally of an automobile,
work, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted at the rear
means for securing said framework ‘to the top of an auto
mobile extending longitudinally thereof, a vertical pivot 20 end of said supporting framework on said vertical pivot
pin for movement vertically along said pin and for swing
pin upstanding from the rear end of said supporting
ing movement about the axis of said pin to a position
framework, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted at the
rear ‘end of said supporting framework on said vertical
rearward of the automobile at a selected height within
pivot pin for movement vertically along said pin and for
the limits of said pin, said enclosure frame including:
swinging movement about an axis of said pin to a posi
tion rearward of the automobile at a selected height within
a horizontal frame element‘having a cross strut at its front
horizontal frame element having a cross strut at its front
end, a pair of sides and an end; side frame elements pivot
ally mounted on said sides and 'including‘lower side bars,
one of said side frame elements having sectional end bars
end, a crosspiece spaced from said strut, a front end
pivotally mounted on one of said sides with the upper
the limits of said pin, said enclosure frame including: a
frame element pivotally mounted on said crosspiece, a -
sections carrying a ridge pole adapted to be positioned
pair of sides and an end; side frame elements pivotally
mounted on said sides and including lower side bars,
lower side frame elements pivotally mounted on said
lower side bars, an end frame element pivotally mounted
over said horizontal frame when said enclosure frame is
on said end, and fabric covering said various frame ele- ments.
References Cited in ‘the file of this patent
UNITED STATES ‘PATENTS
7. In an automobile camping kit, a supporting frame
work adapted to extend longitudinally of an automobile,
means for securing said framework to the top of .an auto
mobile extending longitudinally thereof, a vertical pivot
in an erected position, lower side frame elements pivot
ally mounted on said "lower side bars, an end frame ele
ment pivotally mounted on said end, and fabric covering
said various frame elements.
40
pin upstanding from the rear end of said supporting frame
work, an enclosure frame pivotally mounted at the rear
end of said supporting framework on said vertical pivot
pin for movement vertically along said pin and for swing
ing movement about the axis of said pin to a position 45
2,806,478
Sherbinin ____________ __ Sept. 17, 1957
2,828,035
Kuchinskie __________ __ Mar. 25, 1958
,
87,561
820,808
‘1,049,873
FOREIGN PATENTS
Norway _________ __,____ June 11, 1956
Great Britain ________ __ Sept. 30, 1959
France _______ __,_____,_ Aug, 26, 1953
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