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Патент USA US3020092

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Feb. 6, 1962
3,020,082
E. A. ENGELKE
TILE SETTING APPARATUS
Filed Dec. 30, 1957
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A TTOIPNE Y5
Feb. 6, 1962
A. ENGELKE
3,020,082
TILE SETTING APPARATUS
Filed Dec. 30, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR.
' A1?zzyea’e
BY Erma
A TTOKNEYS
3,020,082
Patented Feb. 6, 1962
1
2
through '4 and comprises a relatively rigid base plate’ 2,
3,020,082
TILE SETTING APPARATUS
Erwin A. Engelke, 1510 Sabine St., Austin, Tex.
Filed Dec. 30, 1957, Ser. No. 705,992
8 Claims. (Cl. 294—87)
This invention relates to tile setting apparatus, and par
ticularly to a device on which ‘a group of ceramic tiles
may be arranged and supported and then applied as a
group to a wall or the like.
In setting tiles on walls, it is customary to ?rst apply a
layer of mastic or cement to the wall and then place the
tiles in position thereon by hand, one at a time. By the
present invention applicant provides a device whereby
which may be of cast aluminum or the like. The base
plate 2 is provided with a substantially flat planar ‘front
face 4 and is preferably formed with integral reinforcing
ribs 6 projecting from its rear face.
-
As shown, the base plate 2 is substantially square but
it is to be understood that any rectangular shape may be .
employed, depending on the size and shape of the tiles
to be set and the number of tiles it is desired to set at
one time. A holding element 8 is pivotally mounted on
the rear face of the base plate 2 on a pivot rod 10 sup.
ported by suitable brackets 12. The pivot rod 10 extends
through openings in ears 14 on the clamping element 8.
The clamping element 8 is in the form of a plate of stiff
an entire group of 9, 16, or more tiles may be applied to 15 sheet metal extending downwardly past the lower edge 16
of the base plate 2 and is there turned forwardlyyto form
the wall, all at one time, thus saving much labor and time.
The invention comprises generally a base plate of a
size corresponding to the dimensions of the group of tiles
it is desired to set as a unit and means for holding the
a flange 18 extending forwardly past the edge 16 and be
yond the front face 4 of the base plate 2 (see FIG. 3).
Suitable compression springs 20 are arranged between the
tiles in place on the base plate. The entire group of tiles 20 base plate 2 and a portion of the element 8 on the opposite
may then be pressed into the mastic on the wall and the
side of pivot pin 10 from the flange, 18. As will be
device is arranged so that the holding means may then
obvious, the compression springs 20 urge the element 8
be released so that the device may be withdrawn from
to rotate counterclockwise about the pivot 10, as seen in
FIG. 3, to hold the forward edge portions of the ?ange
the group of’ tiles and the latter left in place, adhered to
the mastic or cement on the wall. The holding means, 25 18 in the forward position shown in FIG. 3. That por
in one form of the invention, consists of a ?ange extending
tion of the element above the pivot 1-0, as seen in FIG. 2,
forwardly from an element mounted on the rear face
is provided with reinforcing or stiffening ribs 22 and
of the base plate adjacent its bottom edge to engage and
hold the tiles against vertical movement and further
with depressed thumb-engaging portions 24.
' The device is further provided with side clamping ele-'
?anges on opposite sides independently movably mounted 30 ments 26, both. being identical except that onevis right
to engage and clamp the side edges of the group of
tiles. The device is provided with handles on the rear
hand and the other is lefthand. Only one of the elements
26 will be described and it is to be ‘understood that both
face whereby it may be supported and manipulated and
are of the same construction.
’
manually operable means closely accessible to the handles
Each of the elements 26 comprises a stiff sheet metal
whereby the operator may manually withdraw all of the 35 plate overlying a portion of the rear face of the base
?anges from holding engagement with the tiles to thereby
plate 2 adjacent a corresponding side edge 28 of the base
plate. Each element 26 is provided with a plurality of
release the tiles from the device after they have been
applied to the mastic.
_
elongated slots 30 therein. Referring now to FIG. 4, a
- It, is therefore an object of this invention to provide a
plurality of threaded studs 32 extend through thebase
holder for a group of tiles to hold the tiles in predeter 40 plate 2 at positions corresponding to the'slots Strand
mined group relation and for setting the same in position
extend through those slots. Washers 33 (FIG. 4) are
in a layer of mastic.
'
_
held in spaced relation by a collar 34 and are held in
It is another object of this invention toprovide a tile
clamped position surrounding the stud 32 by a suitable
setting device as set forth wherein manual means are
nut 36.. The diameter of the collar 34 is slightly less than
provided for releasing the tile holding means, which man 45 the width of the slot ‘30 and the length of collar 34. is
ual means are readily accessible to the hands of the
slightly greater than the thickness of the plate element .
operator while supporting and manipulating the device.
26. As will be obvious from FIG. 4, plate elements 26
Still another object of this invention is to provide a
are freely slidable on the rear face of the plate‘ 2 in a
tile setting device of the type set forth wherein means
direction parallel to the front face and perpendicular to
are provided for properly grouping and spacing tiles 50
the side edges 28.
.
which have locating or spacing lugs thereon.
‘ Each of the plate elements 26 extends outwardly beyond
A. further object of this invention is to provide a tile
its corresponding edge 23 and is provided at its outer
setting device as set forth and which is of simple con
edge with a forwardly extending ?ange 38. As best seen
in FIG. 3, the ?anges 33 terminate substantially in the
struction, economical to manufacture, and reliable and
efficient in operation.
55 plane of the front face 4 of plate 2 but are provided with
Still further objects and advantages will become ap
forwardly extending ears 40, integral with the ?anges 38
parent to those skilled in the art as the description pro
and extending a substantial distance forwardly of the front
ceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings,
face 4 of the plate 2.
' p .
wherein:
FIG. 1 shows the present invention as viewed from
FIG. 1 is a front view of a tile setting device of the
the front and wherein a group of ceramic tiles 42 are ar
present invention showing a group of tiles thereon in
ranged thereon. The tiles are of the type, commonly used,
dotted line;
having spaced lugs 44 extending from at least 'two side
'
FIG. 2 is a'rear view ‘of the device shown in FIG. 1;
edges thereof. When the tiles are arrangedwith the ex
FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially
tremities of the lugs 44 engaging an edge of an adjacent
along the line 3—3 of FIG. 2 but on an enlarged scale; 65 tile, the tiles are held spaced apart the proper distance to
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, on an enlarged
receive sealing mortar therebetween which is applied in
scale, taken substantially along the line 4—4 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a rear view of a different embodiment of
the invention; and
a well-known manner after the tiles are set in place on
the wall.
As indicated in FIG. 1, the tiles 42 are placed ‘with
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view, on an enlarged 70 their ?nished or outer faces in contact with the face 4 of
scale, taken substantially along the line 6-6 of FIG. 5.
base plate 2 and the latter is of such dimensions that the
~ ,A preferred form of the invention is shown in FIGS. 1
tiles extend at least to the lateral edges 28 of the .base
3,020,082
3
4
plate and preferably slightly therebeyond. As is clearly
laterally projecting lugs 44 engage the side edges of tiles
already in place (or other border device), after which the
evident from FIG. 1, the ears 40 of ?anges 33 engage the
side edges of the group of tiles 4-2 with the ears 48 ex
tending between projecting lugs 44 of the tiles on the
outer edge of the group on at least one side of the group.
Thus, by urging the plate elements 26 inwardly toward
each other, their ears 4t) clampingly engage the side edges
of tiles on opposite sides of the group and positively hold
those tiles in the desired relationship. In use, the device
entire device is pressed ?rmly toward the wall to press the
tiles securely onto the mastic. Since the front face of
the plate 2 is ?at and planar, the front or outer faces of
the tiles will all be aligned in coplanar relation on the
wall.
Thereafter, the handles 48 are rotated in a direc
tion to release the tiles grouped thereby and the apparatus
is withdrawn from the wall leaving the group of tiles in
is moved toward the Wall to which the tiles are to be 10 place thereon. It is to be noted that the ?anges 38 and
applied in a generally vertical position. The lowermost
cars 40 are of less thickness than the length of the lugs
44 so that the ?anges 33 may be moved a short distance
?ange 18 thus acts to support the group of tiles against
downward sliding movement.
outwardly from their tile-holding position, all within the
space provided between adjacent tiles by the lugs 44.
_ Referring again to FIG. 2, each of the plate elements
' he speci?c structure shown and described in connec
26 is further provided with a deep notch or cut-away por 15
tion with FIGS. 1 through 4 contemplates tiles 42 having
tion 46. A pair of handles 43 (see FIG. 3) project rear
wardly from the rear face of the base plate 2 and are
the spacing lugs 44 as described. However, it may be
mounted thereon for rotary movement about the axis of
desirable at times to set tiles that are not provided with
screws 50, which hold the handles assembled to the base
the spacing lugs described but which have only straight
plate. The screws 50 extend forwardly from the rear end 20 unobstructed edges. The apparatus of FIGS. 5 ‘and 6
of the handles 48 and engage internal threads of members
contemplates the handling of such plain tiles. Much of
52 extending through base plate 2. Each of the handles
the structure in FIGS. 5 and 6 is identical to that described
48 is further provided with a generally radially extending
in connection with FIG. 2 and those elements bear the
pin or arm 54 closely overlying a portion of the adjacent
same reference numerals as in FIGS. 1-4.
plate element 26 near the notch or cut-away 46. Each
In the modi?cation of FIGS. 5 and 6, plates 60 are slid
of the plate elements 26 is further provided with a pair of
ably mounted on the back of the base plate 2 adjacent
upstanding pins 56, one on each side of its corresponding
opposite side edges 26 thereof.
pin 54 on handle 48.
mounted in a manner similar to the plates 26 of FIG. 2
The plates 60 are
As will be obvious, the handles 48 may be manually
in that they are slidably supported on the base by bolts
rotated about their axes, thus swinging pins 54 on an 30 32, washers 33 and nuts 36, the same as shown in FIG. 4.
arc. The pins 54 engage the pins 56 to thereby effect
The bolts 32 pass through slots 30 in the plates 60, as
sliding movement of the plate elements 26 in either direc
shown in detail in FIG. 6. Unlike the plates 26 of FIG.
3, the plates 60 do not extend past the edges 28 of the
will be obvious that the handles 48 may be employed by
base and are not provided with the ?anges 38, previously
the operator to support and manipulate the tile setting 35 described. The plates 66 terminate in outer edges 62
tion, as indicated vby the double-headed arrows. Thus it
device and while the device is being manipulated or
spaced inwardly from the edges 28 of the base. The
moved about the operator may rotate handles 48 in the
plates 60, however, are provided with the pins 56 co
manner described, to clamp or release the side edges of
operating with the pin 54 of the rotatable handles 48.
a group of tiles thereon. As is evident from FIG. 2, the
Each of the plates 60 is provided with upturned ears 64
thumb-engaging portions 24 of the clamp element 8 are 40 constituting brackets supporting a pivot rod 66. Each of
located in close proximity to the handles 48 whereby the
operator may reach out with his thumbs, while still hold
ing the device by the handles 48, and depress the thumb
portions 24 to thereby swing the clamp element 8 about
its pivot 10, against the action of compression springs 20,
and withdraw its ?ange 18 rearwardly to thereby release
any tiles on the front face of plate 2.
To operate the device thusfar described, assuming that
the wall to be tiled has already been provided with a layer
of mastic, the operator may place the device on any suit
able support with its front face 4 upward so that it rests
on the lower edge of the clamp element 8 and the ends
of handles 48. In this position the front face 4 is gen
the pivot rods 66 pivotally supports a ?anged plate mem
ber 63 for pivotal movement about an axis, de?ned by
the rod 66, substantially parallel tothe adjacent edge 23
of the base 2. Each of the ?anged plates 68 is provided
with a continuous ?ange '70 at its outer extremity out
wardly of the adjacent edge 28 of the base. The ?anged
plates 68 are provided with openings 72 about the handles
43 whereby the plates 68 may be tilted about their axes
without interference from the handles 48. Each of the
plates 68 is further provided with ‘an extending portion 74
having a depression therein and constituting a thumb
piece. A compression spring 76 (see FIG. 6) is arranged
erally horizontal but slopes downwardly toward its bot
between each plate 66‘ and its associated ?anged plate 68
wardly away from edges 28 of plate 2. The operator
?ange 7 0 projects forwardly of the front face of the base 2.
The embodiment shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 may be used
on the inner side of the rod 66 whereby to normally urge
tom edge. Prior to so placing the device, the handles 48
would be rotated to move the ?anges 38 and ears 46 out 55 the plate 63 to the full line position of FIG. 6 wherein the
may then select and place tiles 42 on the front face 4,
with their rear faces uppermost, until the desired group
of tiles has been arranged. Thereupon the operator may
either with tiles having the spacing lugs 44, previously
described, or with tiles having no spacing lugs thereon.
grasp handles 48 and rotate them in a direction to move 60 Obviously, the plates 68 may be left in their forwardly
projected position and the apparatus may be employed in
the ?anges 38 and ears 40 inwardly into snug gripping en
exactly the manner described in connection with FIGS. 1
gagement with the sides of the group of tiles. While still
through 4. It is to be noted that rotation of the handles
urging the handles to rotate in the described clamping di
43 effects lateral sliding movement of the plates 60 and
rection, the operator may lift the entire device, carry the
the ?anged plates 68 as a unit. When employing the
tiles to the wall to be tiled, and press the entire group of
device of FIG. 5 for setting tiles having no spacing lugs
tiles against the mastic closely adjacent previously set tiles
44, the tiles are ?rst arranged on the face of the base
thereon. The group of tiles would ?rst be placed in ap
member
2 with suitable means therebetween to elfect the
proximate position against the wall and lowered until
proper spacing between the tiles of the group. It is com
?ange 18 engages the uppermost lugs 44 on the tiles al
ready set therebelow and then thumb pieces 24 are de 70 mon to employ cord for this purpose. The handles 48
may then be rotated to move the ?anges 70 inwardly and
pressed to withdraw ?ange 18 and the group of tiles may
thus ?rmly grip the group of tiles. Thereafter the assem
then be pushed downwardly into direct and intimate con—
bly may be placed against the mastic on the wall with the
tact with the lugs on the tiles therebelow, The entire
?ange 70 abutting previously laid tiles and thus providing
group of tiles may then be moved laterally so that their 75 the proper spacing for the group of tiles being set. When
3,020,082
5
6
the tiles have been moved to the proper position on the
its ?ange extends, and spring means urging said element
wall, the thumb pieces 74 may be pushed forwardly by
the hands still holding handles 48 to withdraw ?anges 70
to the dotted line position of FIG. 6 and thereafter pivotal
engaging position.
movement of the plate 8 to withdraw the lower ?ange 13
will permit withdrawal of the apparatus from the group
about said axis in a direction to hold its ?ange in tile
3. A tile setting device as de?ned in claim 2 wherein I
- said one element is provided with a manually engageablei
portion for retracting said ?ange against the action of said
of tiles, leaving the latter adhered to the mastic and in
proper spaced relation to previously set tiles.
The embodiments of the invention shown in both FIGS.
spring means.
4. A tile setting device as de?ned in claim 1 wherein
tate operation thereof. By reference to FIGS. 5 and 6,
the inner portion of ?anged plate 68 is provided with a
slot or opening 50 therethrough adjacent the handle 48.
to engage the edges of adjacent tiles between laterally
at least one of said ?anges comprises spaced ears extend- '
2 and 5 are further provided with latch means to facili~ 10 ing past said front face of said base plate and arranged
A latch element 82 is pivotally supported on the slide
plate 60 below the slot or opening 80‘. A tension spring
_ 8d normally urges the latch 82 to rotate in a clockwise
direction as seen in FIG. 6. The uppermost end of the
latch 82 is provided with a head 86 having a latching
shoulder 83 and a cam edge 90. When the plate 68 is
pivoted about its axis es by pushing forwardly on the
thumb portion 74, an end of the slot 80 engages the cam
edge 90‘ of the latch 82 to swing the latter counterclock
wise against the action of spring 84 until shoulder S8 of
the latch snaps over the upper surface of plate 68 adjacent
the opening 80. Thereafter, the thumb portion 74 may be
released and the latch 32 thereupon holds the plate 68 in
extending spacer lugs thereon.
5. A tile setting device as de?ned in claim 1 wherein
a pair of said structures include plates slidably mounted
on said rear face of said base plate, ?anged plates pivotal
ly mounted on said slidable plates on axes parallel to op—
posite side edges of said base plate and with their respec
tive ?anges etxending past said opposed side edges, each
of said slidable plates being slidably mounted for move
ment in a direction generally parallel to said front face
of said base plate and perpendicular to said opposed
edges.
6. A tile setting device comprising; a base plate having
a front face adapted to support a plurality of tiles thereon,
tile holding means mounted on the rear face of said base
plate, said tile holding means including an element slidably
mounted on said rear face of said base plate for move
its retracted position. In this manner the plates 68 may
ment generally parallel to said front face and perpendicu
be first manipulated to retract their ?anges and when
lar to an adjacent edge of said base plate, ?anged means
latched in retracted positions the pivoted plate 8 may be
pivotally mounted on said element with its ?ange out
manipulated to retract its flange 18 in the manner previ 30 wardly of said edge and extending past said front face,
ously described. The plate 8 is also provided with a latch
a handle journalled on said rear face on an axis generally
like that described in connection with FIG. 6 but the latch
perpendicular to said base plate, and means interconnect
cooperating with plate 8 must, of course, be pivoted to
ing said handle and said element so that rotation of said
the base plate 2. The latch cooperating with plate 8 is
handle effects sliding movement of said element.
indicated in FIG. 5 by the reference numeral designating
7. A tile setting device comprising; a base plate having
the head 86 thereof. The pivoted plate 8 of FIG. 2 is
a front face adapted to support a plurality of tiles thereon,
likewise provided with a latch, which may be identical to
a handle and tile holding means mounted on the rear face
that described in connection with FIG. 5. In FIG. 2 that
of said base plate, said tile holding means including an ‘
latch is also designated by the numeral indicating the
head 86 thereof.
While the illustrated embodiments suggest a base plate
2 that is perfectly square, it is to be understood that the
base plate may be of any desired shape corresponding to
element pivoted on said rear face on an axis generally
parallel to an adjacent edge of said base plate, ?ange
means on said element extending past said adjacent edge
and forwardly of said front face, spring means urging
said element about said axis in a direction to hold said ‘
the general outline of a group of tiles to be set thereby.
?ange in its forward position, said element having a por- '
Reference hereafter to a rectangular base plate is in 45 tion thereof on the side of said axis opposite said ?ange
tended to include the square shape also and other equiv
and adjacent said handle whereby forward pressure on ‘
ulent shapes.
said portion retracts said ?ange rearwardly against the
When it is desired to employ the device of the present
action of said spring means.
invention with tiles of slightly different dimensions, it is
8. A tile setting device comprising; a base plate having
only necessary to replace the slida‘ole plate elements 26 50 a front face adapted to support a plurality of tiles thereon,
of FIG. 2 or the slidable assemblies of FIG. 5 with sim
a handle and tile holding means mounted on the, rear
ilar elements of different dimensions and the device may
face of said base plate, said tile holding means includ
thus be adapted to handle tiles of different sizes.
ing an element pivotally supported on an axis generally
The description herein is intended to be merely illus
parallel to an adjacent edge of said base plate, ?ange
trative of the principles of the invention, which is not 55 means on said element extending past said adjacent edge
limited thereto. The invention encompasses all modi?ca
and forwardly of said front face, spring means urging
tions falling within the scope of the appended claims.
said element about said axis in a direction to hold said ,
I claim:
?ange in its ‘forward position, said element having a
1. A tile setting device comprising; a base plate having
portion thereof on the side of said axis opposite said
an uninterrupted front face adapted to support a plurality 60 ?ange and adjacent said handle whereby forward pres
of tiles thereon, tile holding means mounted on the rear
sure on said portion retracts said ?ange rcarwardly against
face of said base plate, said tile holding means compris
the action of said spring means, and a releasable spring
ing a plurality of movable structures respectively mounted
latch engageable with said portion, when said ?ange is
near edges of said base plate which are adjacent each
retracted, to hold said ?ange in retracted position.
other each having a thin rigid ?ange extending outwardly 65
of its adjacent edge of said base plate and then forwardly
past said front face to engage the edges of ‘adjacent tiles
on said front face, and manually operable means on said
rear face for selectively moving said structures to with
draw said ?ange means from holding engagement with 70
said tiles.
2. A tile setting device as de?ned in claim 1 wherein
at least one of said structures is an element pivoted on
the rear face of said base plate on an axis substantially
parallel to but spaced inwardly from the edge past which 75
References Cited in the ?le of this patent'
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,014,079
McKay et al ___________ __ Jan. 9, 1912
1,308,021
2,040,574
2,531,862
2,630,702
2,652,714
2,657,571
Allen ________________ _- July 1,
Sutcliffe _____________ __ May 12,
Schneider ___________ __ Nov. 28,
Pizzani ______________ __ Mar. 10,
Sommers ____________ __ Sept. 22,
Loose _______________ _._ Nov. 3,
1919
1936
1950
1953
1953
1953
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