Патент USA US3020997код для вставки
Feb. 13, 1962 |-:. o. BYRANSFORD, JR 3,020,988 SNAP-IN PANEL CLIP Filed Oct. 21, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet l ERNEST OWEN BRANSFORD JR BY MP (4‘ ATTORNEY Feb. 13, 1962 E. o. BRANSFORD, JR 3,020,988 SNAP-IN PANEL 7 CLIP Filed 001;. 21, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Z 2 INVENTOR ERNEST OWEN BRANSFORD, JR. BY WA . MAM ' ATTORNEY 3,020,988 Patented Feb.’ 13, i862 2 1 FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section of 3,020,988 the bottom clip shown in FIG. 2; ' FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal section SNAP-IN PANEL CLIP Ernest O. Bransford, Jan, Greensboro, N.C., assignor to Beaman Corporation, a corporation of North Carolina Filed Oct. 21, 1960, Ser. No. 64,046 on the line 7--7 in FIG. 3; and i FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing the manner in which a clip is moved into engagement with 8 Claims. (Cl. 189-88) r a panel. Brie?y stated, the invention includes a specially formed facing panel and a novel type of clip for attaching the panel to a building wall. The panel includes a facing the invention provides an improved device for clipping 10 sheet and upper and lower marginal ?anges. Each of sheet metal panels to the framing and other support mem these ?anges is formed with ‘a recess and a juxtaposed bers of building walls in a convenient and economical slot. The clip includes spaced apart front and rear manner adapted to be installed and applied on the job This invention relates to the application of surface paneling to the walls of buildings. More particularly, walls connected by a bottom. When the clip is assem rapidly by unskilled workmen. bled to the panel at the site of the building, the front Heretofore in the use of panels, such as those of sheet 15 wall of the clip is inserted in the slot in the upper ?ange metal or porcelain enamel on steel, as an exterior facing of the panel adjacent the slot and the recess accommo for new or existing buildings, various clips have been dates the rear wall and permits the pivoting of the clip proposed for mounting the panels in place on the walls. required during attachment. The clip bottom includes Some prior clips have required that they be attached to a pair of end tabs which overlie the panel ?ange at the 20 the panels at the factory. The rough handling which the ends of the recess, and a pair of resilient legs depend from panels receive in being transported to the building, un the ‘front wall for pressing against the panel ?ange adja loaded from trucks, thrown on the ground, and brought cent the slot. Thus the clip has bearing on the panel into position, .has frequently resulted in bending or ?ange at four spaced points so as to provide a stable and breakage of the clips and/or distortion of the panels, re attachment of the ?ange to the clip. quiring the units to be discarded, or necessitating time 25 steady The clip also includes a pair of resilient ?ngers de consuming repairs. . ' pending from the rear wall to'bear against the bottom Other prior art clips have left the panels loose and flange of the upper panel that rises above the clip. This‘ insecure so that they rattled, after attachment to a wall,‘ upper panel is thus held between the resilient legs and Further, other prior as a result of wind or vibration. ?ngers. clips have been of insuf?cient strength to support large 30 theAsresilient seen in the drawings, and particularly in FIG. 2, a or heavy panels. Some‘prior clips have been dif?cult building wall 10 has attached thereto a series of hori-. to install or did not provide for a positive attachment zontally aligned and vertically superposed sheet metal to the panel. ?anged upper facing panels, comprising upper and lower The present invention provides a clip that is attached panels 12 and 14, respectively. Mounting clips securely to the facing panel at the building site. One advantage 35 attach the panels to the wall and include, for the upper resulting from this feature of the invention is the elimi and lower panels 12 and 14, top clips 16, middle clips nation of the breakage and bending of the clips occurring 18, and bottom clip 20. As shown in FIG. 1, each panel when it was necessary to attach the clips to the panels at top and bottom ?ange is attached by a plurality, e.g., a the factory. The new clip has sufficient strength to support large, pair, of laterally spaced clips. As also shown in FIG. 2, the upper panel 12 includes heavy panels. The clip ?rmly holds the panels in posi a facing sheet 24, an upper ?ange 26, and a lower ?ange 28. The lower panel 14 is identical and includes a fac ing sheet 30, an upper ?ange 32, and a lower flange 34. tion so as to provide a ?nished building wall free from rattling. The invention also provides a facing panel shaped to 45 Each'of the panels has vertical side ?anges (not shown) mate with the clip of the invention to provide for a so that the panel is of shallow pan shape completely’ secure, rattle-free, ?nish for buildings. 7 perimetrically trimmed by a continuous integral ?ange. Another object of the invention is to provide a build Each of the clips includes a back wall 40 having'a ing system including clips and facing panels for provid preferably horizontally elongated hole 42 formed therein ing an improved wall facing. 50 for screws or nails 44 to attach the clip to the wall 10. For a better understanding of the invention and its other objects, advantages and details, referenceis now A'bottom 46 is joined to the lower edge of the back made to the presently preferred embodiment of the in vention which is shown, for purposes of illustration only, in the accompanying drawings. In the drawings: _ FIGURE 1 is an exploded perspective view showing a pair of mounting clips constructed according to the in vention and cut away portions of ‘a facing panel to which I wall 40 and projects forwardly right-‘angularly therefrom.‘v A front wall 48 is joined to the outer edge of bottom 46 and rises perpendicularly therefrom was to be gen-' erally parallel to the back wall 40. The'upper end 50, of the front wall 48 is‘ curved toward ‘the back wall, v40v so that the front wall'48 readily enters the, slot 52, formed in each panel ?ange, when the ‘clip andpanel are‘, asse'nv bled, as viewed in FIG. 8. - , e the clips are to be attached; 60 “A recess or cutout 54 is formed in the marginal edge FIG. 2 is a fragmentary vertical section through a of each panel ?ange directly behind each slot 52.. Each‘ building wall faced with panels secured by clips in ac recess has a su?icient length to receive the bottom 46 cordance with the invention; FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section of the top clip shown in FIG. 2; ’ 65 greater than the width of the bottom46. 1. : FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section showing the mounting of the lower panel on the middle clip of FIG. 2 with the upper panel in the process of being attached to the clip; ’ ' of the clip when the clip is assembled to the panel, as seen in FIG. 8. Thus, each recess 54 has a length slightly ' ' , . A web 56 separates each recess 54 from the adjacent slot 52. When a clip is attached to the upper ?ange of a panel, as seen in FIGS. 8 and 3, the web 56 overlies the bottom 46 of the clip. The web 56 ispressed firmly into FIG. 5 is an enlarged vertical section taken at the 70 engagement: with the bottom 46 by a pair of resilient middle clip shown in FIG. 2 after the erection of the upper and lower panels; legs 58 and 60 integral with the clip front ‘wall 48v and . extending-obliquely rearwardly from the-front-wall to: - 3,020,988 3 4 ward the back wall. These legs 58 and 60 are yieldable bination of a mounting clip and a building facing panel and resilient so as to be deformed out of position when the front wall 48 is forced through the slot 52, as seen in FIG. 8. At the lower ends of the legs 58 and 60 are feet 62 constructed to be readily applied to a building and to provide economical use of materials and a stable, ?rm ?nish for a building Wall. In the foregoing brief exposition of the preferred em bodiment of the invention, it has been stated that the clips which extend substantially perpendicularly to the legs. The feet are spaced above the bottom 46 by a distance substantially equal to the thickness of the panel web 52 are attached to the upper and lower ?anges of the panels. This is the customary arrangement in applying super posed courses of panels to a wall. However, it is quite so as to permit the web to assume the position shown in FIG. 3. ‘ For further holding the panel ?ange in tight, non-rat tling contact with the clip, a pair of tabs 64 and 66 are provided extending from opposite edges of the bottom 46. 10 possible to a?ix the clips to the vertical, side ?anges of the panels and to nail or otherwise fasten such clips to the wall 10 at the sides of the panels, rather than at their tops and bottoms. This modi?ed arrangement is particularly suitable for use in the trimming of canopies. Offsets 68 connect the tabs 64 and 66 to the bottom 46. The tabs are substantially parallel to the bottom 46 and 15 While a presently prefer-red embodiment of the inven are spaced above the bottom by a distance substantially tion has been illustrated and described, it will be recog equal to the thickness of the panel ?ange 26 so as to nized that the invention can be otherwise variously em provide a tight engagement when the clip and panel are bodied and practiced within the scope of some of the assembled. more broadly worded of the following claims. In order ?rmly to hold the lower ?ange 28 of upper I claim: panel 12 in assembled or erected position, a pair of yield 1. In a building construction, the combination of a able resilient ?ngers 70 and 72 extend obliquely from facing panel and a clip for attaching said panel to a sur opposite vertical side edges of the back Wall 40 in a face of the building, said panel including a facing sheet direction generally toward the front wall 48. Thus, the lower ?ange 28 of the upper panel 12 is resiliently held between the resilient ?ngers 70 and 72 and the resilient legs 58 and 60. When erecting the building wall facing provided by the and ?anges at opposite ends of said facing sheet, at least one of said ?anges having a terminal edge extending paral lel to said facing sheet and having a recess formed therein and having a slot spaced inwardly from said recess by an intervening web portion of the ?ange, said clip comprising present invention, initially the clips are assembled or in a back wall for abutting the building surface, a bottom stalled in the upper ?anges of the facing panels at the 30 joined to the lower edge of said back wall and extending building site. This is done by inserting the front wall substantially right-angularly thereto, said bottom having a 48 of each clip in a ?ange slot 52 and pressing the width no greater than the length of said recess, a front clip upwardly through the slot while keeping the tabs wall joined to the front edge of said bottom and rising 64 and 66 above the ?ange, as seen in FIG. 8. The re generally parallel to said back wall, said back wall being cess or cutout 54 receives the bottom 46 as the front 35 spaced from said front wall by a distance su?icient for wall 48 of the clip slides upwardly through the slot 52. said front wall to be received in said slot when said clip When the front wall 48 is fully inserted in the slot 52, and panel are assembled, a pair of yieldable, resilient legs the resilient legs move to the position shown in FIG. 3 extending from opposite edges of said front wall obliquely where the feet 62 press ?rmly downwardly on the web toward said back wall, the lower ends of said legs being 56 to hold the web 56 against the clip bottom 46. 40 spaced above said bottom by a distance substantially With the clips thus inserted securely in the upper ?ange equal to the thickness of said panel web portion, and a of a panel, another pair of clips are nailed, screwed or pair of tabs each extending from an opposite edge of said otherwise attached, as by the means 44, through the clip bottom, and being substantially parallel to said bottom holes 42, to the wall 10 at a suitable spacing apart, and and spaced above said bottom by a distance substantially at a suitable level on the wall, to ?t into the recesses and equal to the thickness of said panel ?ange, a pair of offset slots of the bottom ?ange of the panel that has had the 45 plates connecting said tabs to said bottom, the distance pair of clips mounted in its upper ?ange. The panel is between the outermost ends of said tabs being somewhat then mounted on the two wall-mounted clips by rocking greater than the length of said recess in said ?ange so it into position on the clips, with the front walls of the that when said clip and panel are assembled said tabs will clips upstanding through the panel ?ange slots 52 and 50 overlie said ?ange. with the material of the ?ange beyond the ends of the 2. In a building construction, the combination of a two recesses 54 seated on the tabs 64, all in the relation facing panel and a clip for attaching said panel to a sur' ship shown in the lower portion of FIG. 6. face of the building, said panel including a facing sheet Next, the workman drives a fastener 44 through the and ?anges at opposite ends thereof, at least one of said holes 42 in the clips previously secured to the upper ?ange 55 ?anges having a terminal edge extending parallel to said of the panel to complete the attachment of the panel to facing sheet and having a recess formed therein and hav the wall. The lower ?anges 28 of the next higher course of panels are then mounted on these latter in the manner that has been explained, and the operation is repeated, course after course up the wall, as will be understood. Shims (not shown) can be employed wherever required between wall 10 and back walls 40 to line up the facing panels and compensate for unevenness and irregularities in the surface of the wall 10, which may be of masonry ing a slot substantially as long as said recess spaced in wardly from said recess by an intervening web portion of said ?ange, said clip comprising a back wall for abutting a surface of the building and having an aperture formed therein for a fastener, a bottom joined to the lower edge of said back wall and extending substantially right angularly thereto, a front wall joined to the front edge of said bottom and rising generally parallel to said back such as cinder block, wood framing or other conven 65 wall, said front wall being received in said slot with said tional material. web portion overlying said bottom, the upper part of After application or erection, the building system pro said front wall being curved toward said back wall, a vides a ?rm, rattle-free wall ?nish. The tabs 64 and 66, offset plates 68 and legs 58 and 60 engage the web 56 and the ?ange so as to prevent sliding of the ?ange in a direction toward or away from the wall 10. Rocking or pivoting of the panel ?ange relative to the clip is pre pair of yieldable, resilient legs extending from opposite edges of said front wall obliquely toward said back wall, said legs having feet at their lower ends extending away from said back wall and substantially perpendicularly to said legs and being spaced above said bottom by a dis vented by the binding action developed between the panel tance substantially equal to the thickness of said web por ?ange and the bottom 46 and tabs 64 and 66. tion and resiliently pressing against said web portion, a Thus it will be seen that the invention provides a com 75 pair of tabs each extending from opposite edges of said (a. 3,020,988 5 bottom and being substantially parallel to said bottom and spaced above said bottom by a distance substantially equal to the thickness of said panel ?ange, a pair of o?set plates connecting said tabs to said bottom, said tabs ex tending over said ?ange at opposite ends of said recess, 6 aperture formed therein for reception of means for fasten ing the clip to said surface. v 6. A clip for securing a metal panel having an edge ?ange to’ a building wall comprising a metal plate formed in substantial U-shape having generally parallel front and and a pair of yieldable resilient ?ngers extending obliquely from opposite edges of said back Wall toward said tabs and terminating above said tabs. back walls connected by a bottom, the back wall being pair of yieldable resilient legs extending from opposite vided at the bottom of each of the legs and is angularly related to the leg for abutting the margin of a slot formed slitted to provide at each lateral edge of the wall a re silient ?nger terminating above the plane of the bottom, and the front wall being similarly slitted to provide at 3. For use in securing 21 facing panel to a surface, a each lateral edge a resilient leg terminating above the 10 clip comprising a back wall, a bottom joined to the lower plane of the bottom and below the plane of the lower edge of said back wall and substantially perpendicular ends of the back wall ?ngers, and a pair of tabs extending thereto, a front wall joined to the edge of said bottom laterally from opposite sides of the bottom and upwardly opposite from said back wall and extending generally offset from the plane of the bottom a distance approxi parallel to said back wall, a pair of tabs each extending mately equal to the thickness of the panel ?ange. from opposite edges of said bottom and being substantial 7. A clip as claimed in claim 6, in which a foot is pro ly parallel to said bottom and spaced above it, and a edges of said front wall toward said back wall and having their lower ends spaced above the upper surface of said bottom. 4. A clip as set forth in claim 3, including a pair of yieldable resilient ?ngers extending from opposite edges of said back wall toward said front wall. 5. For usein securing a facing panel to a surface, a clip comprising a back wall, a bottom joined to the lower edge of said back wall and extending substantially per pendicularly thereto, a front wall joined to the edge of in the panel ?ange through which the front wall of the clip extends. 8. A building wall construction comprising a support ing wall surface, a plurality of superposed metallic ?nish ing panels each having horizontal upper and lower edge ?anges provided with a rear edge recess and a juxtaposed internal slot separated by a web portion, and means securing said panels in superposed relation to, the support ing wall surface comprising a plurality of metal clips each being generally U-shaped in form and having a back wall said bottom remote from said back wall and extending fastened to the supporting wall surface, a front wall and perpendicularly to said bottom and generally parallel to said back wall, a pair of tabs each extending from 0p 30 a connecting bottom, said front wall of each clip project posite edges of said bottom, said tabs being substantially parallel to said bottom and spaced above it a pair of offset plates connecting said tabs to said bottom, a pair ing upwardly through registering slots in the top ?ange of a lower panel and the bottom ?ange of a superposed upper panel with the bottom of the clip supporting said top ?ange by engagement with the under surface of the of yieldable resilient ?ngers extending obliquely from op portion thereof, a pair of tabs projecting laterally posite edges of said back wall toward said tabs and termi 35 web from the rear zone of the bottom of the clip and being nating above said tabs, 21 pair of yieldable resilient legs upwardly o?set and overlying portions of the ?ange of the extending from opposite edges of said front wall obliquely lower panel beyond the recess therein, and resilient ?ngers in a general direction toward said back wall and having projecting forwardly from the sides of the back wall and feet at their lower ends extending away from said back 40 bearing against the rear edge of the lower ?ange of the wall and substantially perpendicularly to said legs, said upper panel. feet having their lowermost surfaces spaced above the upper surface of said bottom, said back wall having an No references cited.