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Патент USA US3021142

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Feb. 13, 1962
Filed Oct. 16, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
Feb. 13, 1962
‘Filed Oct. 16, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Feb. 13, 1962
Filed Oct. 16, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
Feb- 13, 1962
Filed Oct. 16, 1959
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
ilnited grates tPatent
Patented Feb. 13, 1962
The said ?xed jaw and the base of which it is a part
and from which it upwardly projects serve as static
John Jesionowski, 1437 Chrysler Ave., Schenectady, NY.
points, said points remaining in the precise same posi
t-ions throughout all work holding pressures exerted
Filed Oct. 16, 1959, Ser. No. 846,991
3 Claims. (Cl. 269-49)
thereagainst by the vise clamp.
By means of the device hereof, improved means for
holding work at a selected angle, while machining opera
tions are performed thereon, is provided, same incor
The present invention relates to new and useful im
provements in structural re?nements in a vise or work
holder de?nable as a static or tension free type of vise.
porating a sine vise having unique work holding elements
It is directed particularly to the provision of combi 10 and adjusting means for the movable element thereof
nation sine plate and vise of improved design and having
whereby, when the device is disposed as a sine bar
general utility in the arts, it having certain special ad
and/or as a normal or conventional vise, it is adapted
vantages in that connection. It will be understood how
to hold work in an accurate manner at any desired angle
ever that it may be applied to work holders generally as
relatively to the longitudinal axis of the vise in order to
used on machine tools and the like.
15 facilitate operations of tools of the operating machine
The invention resides in the particular arrangement,
upon the clamped work piece.
construction and relationship of the various elements,
A further object hereof is to provide means for ob
components, and instrumentalities of sine plates and
taining a substantial range of movement for the movable
precision Vises as exempli?ed in the detailed disclosure
elements thereof and cooperating guide means for guid
hereinafter set forth wherein the objects of the invention,
ing said elements in their movements into and out of
as de?ned in the paragraphs below, will be apparent.
operating positions.
It is a principal object of the present invention to pro
Other of the chief objects and purposes hereof are to
vide an inventively novel and improved construction of
provide advantageous structural and operational features
the type in which a vise clamp is free of tension and is
in a device of the class to which reference has been made
held relative to a base by means of a pair of rigidly 25 so as to provide an apparatus having the following meri
?xed upstanding members identi?ed in one instance as
torious characteristics: ?rst, a simplicity in construction
a stationary or ?xed jaw and in the other instance as a
and therefore an adaptability to economical manufacture
without sacri?ce of its essential characteristics as a pre
screw retaining post. The slidable jaw of the device is
movable relative to the base by the coaction of an operat~
cision instrument; second, a uniqueness in engineering
ing member which is transversely receivable through a 30 design of coacting parts wherefor the components are
screw retaining post.
A static vise clamp embodies a
coordinated for facile assembly and when once assembled
pair of interconnected static vise jaw portions which
are positively and securely retained in operative rela
absorb all of the holding pressure, one of the jaw por
tionship; third, an ease of installation; fourth, a high
tions bearing against and outside of the so-called sta
degree of e?iciency and accuracy and dependability in
tionary or ?xed jaw and the other of the jaw portions 35 its operational use; ?fth, the attainment of a ?exibility
bearing against and outside of the so-called screw re
or a capability of adjustment by which a large variety of
taining post. The holding pressure of the stationary or
work can be produced by means of the same device;
?xed jaw and the slidable jaw on the work disposed
sixth, the achievement of a greater ease in repairs and
therebetween is furnished by the jaw portions of the
consequent reduction in maintenance costs than has
static vise clamp which yield toward each other or away 40 ‘been possible in related devices heretofore known;
from each other ‘as pressure is applied thereto or taken
seventh, the provision of a construction which may be
away therefrom through a stationary locking screw re
readily installed with respect to the various purposes for
volving nut and retaining collar by means of a ratchet
which it is intended, and eighth, the provision of such
crank or wrench.
‘other improvements in and relating to combination sine
The vise and jaw hereof are stationary and are ?xed
plates and work holding devices of the type above referred
to the base under conditions of high accuracy. They
to as are hereinafter described and claimed.
remain so ?xed when any holding pressure is applied.
Further objects hereof are to provide a static or tension
The greater the pressure, the greater their ?xed position.
free vise in combination with a sine plate conformable
Accordingly repositioning of work accurately is possible
to the desiderata of the preceding paragraph and offer
for any desired position, the static point of the clamp
ing speci?c improvements in the various operating instru
remaining in the precise same position regardless of the
mentalities comprising same, which themselves are mini
pressure applied by the vise clamp member. As pressure
mum in number, so that it is simple and compact in ac~
is applied through said vise clamp member, same is free
cordance with the demands and desires of manufacturers
to ?ex or bend as pressure is applied by its operating
and purchasers alike and so as to provide distinct ad
screw so as to offer a truly static vise in action.
The vise base is so constructed as not to bend or flex
vantages of distinctiveness in appearance, practicableness
in value, durableness in organization and reliableness in
either along its lower base portion or at its upwardly
extending extremities at opposite ends of the lower base
portion as the result of any work holding pressures ap
With prior art devices, regardless of how strongly
they are built, some bend through the application of
their own pressure by their own bodies so as to fail as
accurate holding devices.
Worse, as more pressure is
applied, this objectionable bending increases.
Another object hereof is to provide a simple device
incorporating a ?xed jaw and a rectilinearly movable and
In addition to the practical advantages which I have
ascribed to my novel apparatus, it will be observable that
a chief feature of the invention resides in the fact that
it is well adapted to withstand the usage to which sine
vises are ordinarily subjected, convenience of arrange
ment of parts and extreme compactness, both conducive
toward the provision of-a device of small proportions and
having ruggedness and durability, being further desirable
features that have been borne in mind in the development
of the present invention.
adjustable jaw whereby the work piece may be clamped
With these and other objects and advantages in view,
against the opposed faces of said jaws and can be posi 70 some of which will be in part obvious and apparent and
tioned in an accurate manner in various positions in a
some of which will be in part more fully pointed out and
plane parallel to the planes of the said clamping faces. I to the end of attaining these and any other object and
advantage hereinafter reasonably appearing, it will be
explained that the invention consists substantially in the
combination construction, location and relative arrange
tudinal axis is tilted relatively to a horizontal plane. This
enables the work piece to be correspondingly tilted for
facilitating operations to be performed thereon in the
ment of parts, as described in detail hereinafter, as shown
way of cutting, grinding and the like.
in the annexed drawings, and as de?ned with particularity
in the appended claims forming a part hereof. It should
be understood however that this physical embodiment is
Before the structure so illustrated is speci?cally de
scribed, it is to be ‘again emphasized that this invention
is not limited to the structural details or arrangement of
parts here shown since a sine vise construction embodying
only indicative of but one of the. various ways, ‘albeit
the preferred exempli?cation, in which the principles of
the present invention may‘ take various forms, it being
the invention ‘may be employed and in which the com 10 susceptible of various modi?cations and alternative con
ponent parts may be combined and arranged. The in~
structions. I do not thereby intend to limit the inven
vention is not restricted to said embodiment and same is
tion to the speci?c form disclosed, but rather intend to
not intended to be exhaustive of, nor limiting of, the
embrace herein all modi?cations, variations, alternative
spirit hereof. That is, the precise construction of the
constructions, and equivalents ‘falling within the spirit and
?gures of the drawings need not be slavishly followed as,
scope of the invention.
of course, the device may have to be adapted or modi?ed
With continued reference now to the drawings, I have
in accordance with the use to which it is to] be put. All
of this will be obvious to those skilled in the art to
shown a vise construction in which my invention may be
which the invention pertains, who willunderstand that
and 2.
advantageously incorporated as illustrated in FIGS. 1
88.1116 may be incorporated in any of several different
The vise construction embodies a base or bed plate 2
The protection which is sought for this invention is
generally corresponding to a sine bar and hereinafter
covered by the language of the speci?cation and the spirit
lugs 4 on opposite ends thereof for purposes of rigidly
called a sine base plate. Same has one or more suitable
represented thereby.
securing the device to any suitable ‘bed or table of a ma
chine tool or other support 'whei‘efor a piece of work
clamped in the vise may be operated upon by a tool.
The advantages of the invention as here outlined are
best realized when all of its features and instrumentalities
are combined, but useful embodiments ‘may be produced
involving less than the whole.
The description which follows is of an exemplary form
of the invention and is given with a view to illustrating
and explaining the precise nature of the principles of the
invention and their embodiment for practical use, in order
that others may be enabled to adapt and modify them in
numerous embodiments, variations and modi?cations‘,
may be supported on and connected to a magnetic chuck
no intent to have this invention limited to or circum
suitably spaced screws or dowels ti or the like.
scribed by any speci?c details of materials, dimensions or
the like.
The novel features which I consider to be characteristic
A vise base It}, ‘as best shown in FIG. 6, is provided
with pivot members 12 which are secured to opposite sides
The machine tool may comprise a milling machine,
shaper, planer, drill, press, or whatever else may be suit
able and desired. By way of example, the member 2
As shown, the plate 2 is also provided with a smooth
?nished uppermost or top planar face forming a bottom
support for other components, hereinafter to be described.
each as may be best adapted to the conditions of any 35
For convenience, the left ‘hand end of the vise, as
particular use. It is premised, however, that such
viewed, will be called the rear end and the right hand
adaptions and/or modi?cations should be and are in
end will be called the front end.
tended to be comprehended within the meaning "and range
Brackets or sine roll blocks 6 are secured to opposite
of equivalence of the below subjoined claims, there being
side edges at the rear end of the sine base plate 2 as by
at the rear end thereof as by screws 14- or the like. Each
of my invention, as to its construction and organization
pivot member 12 is journalled in the adjacent sine roll
and as to its methods of manufacture and operation, will
block 6 wherefor the vise base It} may be swung on its
be best understood from a consideration of the following 45 turning axis thus formed relative to the member 2.
detailed description forming a part of this speci?cation.
The upper planar face of the vise base ltl is adapted
In the drawings, like characteristics of reference or
to form a bottom support for the work piece held by the
numerals are employed to designate like or corresponding
vise and for other components of the device asrwill be ob
parts throughout the several views.
In said drawings:
FIGS. 1 and 2 are top plan and side elevational views
respectively of a vise construction embodying the novel
features of my invention and showing the movable jaw
spaced at some ‘distance from the ?xed jaw;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are sectional views on the lines 3-3
and 4—4 respectively of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a plan view partly in section of one form of
a ratchet wrench employed in the invention;
FIGS. 6 and 7 are side and end elevational' views re
spectively of the vise base of the vise construction shown
in FIGS. 1 and 2;
FIGS. 8 and 9 are side and end elevational views re
spectively of the vise clamp or static vise jaw of the vise
A sta-tionary or ?xed jaw is is mounted on and secured
to the upper side or face of the vise base It'll, at the rear
end thereof as by screws or dowels 18.
A screw retaining post it? is mounted on and secured
to the upper side or face of the vise base It}, at the front
end thereof, as by screws or dowels 22.
A static vise jaw or vise clamp member, generally indi
cated by 24, is illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 9, and is in the
form of a 0 having a longitudinal, substantially hori
zontally disposed portion 26 intermediate opposite up
standing jaw portions 28 and 30 integral therewith.
The static vise jaw or vise clamp member 24 will be
understood with reference to the vise base it} and its
component parts.
The vise base it} is provided with a centrally-disposed
FIG. 10 is ‘an isometric view of the slide jaw of the 65 longitudinally extending slot 32 along its bottom planar
or under surface for the receipt therein of the comple
FIG. 11 is a side elevational view of the vise construc
mental portion 26 of the static vise jaw 24, and the sta
tion shown in a tilted or inclined position; and
tionary jaw 16 and the screw retaining post 20, at op
FIG. 12 is a sectional view on the line 12-42 of FIG.
posite ends of the vise base 10, are provided with verti
v70 cally extending slots 34 and 36 respectively, which slots
I have shown my improvements as applied to a sine
are adapted to receive the respective upstanding jaw por
vise having a ?xed jaw and a rectilinearly movable ad
tions 28 and 30 of the static vise jaw 24. '
justable or slid'able jaw.
The vise base 10 is also provided, along its upper planar
vise construction;
The sine vise is of a structure suchrthat the visebase
face, with-a pair of transversely-spaced, longitudinally
can readily ‘be held in various positions wherein its longi 75 extending, beveled or dovetail guideways 3th
_ A movable or slide jaw, generally indicated by 40 in
the underpart thereof, a transversely-extending cut-away
FIG. 10, is rectilinearly movable relative to the vise base
10, and has guides or gib blocks 42 depending therefrom
portion or groove or notch with a suitably inclined wall
is provided as indicated in FIG. 6, to receive in seated or
nested position therewithin and to suitably expose a sine
and secured thereto as by screws or dowels 44. The
guides or gib blocks 42 are transversely spaced so as to
be slidable in the beveled or dovetail guideways 38 in
roll 76 extending transversely of the vise base It}. Said
sine roll is suitably attached to the vise base 10‘ Within
the upper planar face of the vise base 10 for aiding in
this cutaway portion by angularly-directed longitudinally
etfectuating the rectilinear movement of the slide jaw
spaced screws 78 extendable through the roll and into
longitudinally of and relative to the vise base 10 into
the member 10.
and out of work-clamping positions in coaction with the 10
When and as desired, the vise base 10 may be angularly
stationary or ?xed jaw 16 mounted on and secured to the
supported, upon its pivotal connections with the plate 2,
vise base 10.
at its rearward end, and upon one or more spacer or
The guides can be adjusted as desired relative to the
measuring blocks 80, such as shown in FIG. 12, sup
clovetail guideways by suitable adjustment of the screws
ported upwardly of the upper face of the plate 2, at its
44 in such manner as to e?ect any desired vertical or
forward end and disposed under the roll 76 in known
lateral adjustment.
manner said blocks 80 being of such height as to position
the member 10 at the desired angle. That is, the measur
ing blocks enable the vise base 10 to be held in tilted posi-.
tion. When the .vise is tilted lengthwise in the manner
It will be apparent that the stationary jaw 16 and mova
ble jaw 40 provide rigid and satisfactory work abutment
members adapted to engage and/or center work there
The innermost and opposed vertical Work-engaging
faces of said jaws may be provided with centralIyLlOcated
above mentioned, that is, by moving the longitudinal axis
29 of
the vise base 10 to the desired angle relatively to the
horizontal plane, the appropriate measuring or spacer
vertically-disposed notches (not shown) having equal di
block or combinations thereof may be disposed in sup
verging sides at right angles to each other in such manner
porting relation under the roll 76, portions of said block
as to offer etfective work locating means for round or 25 or blocks being extendable into the aforedescribed cut
other odd-shaped pieces of work.
A revolvable, elongated, internally-threaded, ratchet,
tube-like locking nut member 50 is receivable in appro
priately dimensioned and suitably aligned openings in the
adjacent jaw portion 30 of the static vise jaw 24, the
away'portion or groove or notch if necessity dictates.
With reference to FIG. 11, the vise base 10 is shown
as being shifted to one of its permissible angular locations
relative to the sine base plate 2 by the use of a com
bination of two di?erent size measuring blocks 80 upon
which the sine roll 76 may rest, all so as to enable the
various'components to be disposed in an accurate man
screw retaining post 20, and the movable jaw 40.
Said nut 50 is provided with a retaining collar 52 se
cured thereto. The collar 52 is rotatable in the screw
retaining post 20.
Suitable lubricating means may be
provided therefor.
Locking means is provided for the vise base in any
35 desired inclined position and includes a lock bar or
A coaxial stationary locking screw 54 is shrouded with
in the locking nut member 50 and has a forwardly-dis
posed extremity in threaded engagement with the internal
thread of member 50 and a rearwardly~disposed extremity
anchored against rotation as by pinning 51 in the mova 40
ble or slide jaw 40.
The nut member 50 is turnable in one direction or the
other so as to move the screw member 54 and, in turn,
position locking strap 82 pivoted at 84 to the sine base
plate 2. Said lock bar is provided with a curved slot
86. A lock screw 88‘, in threaded engagement with the
v-ise base 10, extends through the slot 86‘ and may be
tightened against the lock bar 82 to hold said vise base
10 against movement relative to the sine bar plate 2. Of
course, there may be locking means similar to that de
scribed on each of the opposite sides of the apparatus.
The vertical portion 28 of member 24 is provided with
observable as being adjustable longitudinally of the vise 45 a stud 90 which is receivable in an operative inset 92
of the part 16 of the vise base 10‘, as shown in FIGS.
base 10 by the operating member 50, samebeing jour~
6 and 8.
nalled in the members 30, 20 ‘and 49 for adjusting the
I As shown in FIG. 4, a size block such as 98 can be
said slide jaw through the aforedescribed connections with
the slide jaw 44). Stated otherwise, the slide jaw 40 is
‘the screw 54.
used with a three roll sine bar 100 of the cross or com
The adjustment is e?ected by turning a suitable operat 50 pound type having rolls 102 secured thereto as by screws
104 or the like in the well known manner. By such
ing head or turning member which‘may be in the form
means, the work piece can'be held at compound angles,
of a ratchet Wrench, as generally indicated by 56 in FIG.
it being obviously possible to adjust it to a plane perpen
5. Same forms no ,part of the present invention and ac
dicular to the longitudinal axis of the device as well as
cordingly will not be described in detail.
in a vertical plane longitudinal to the axis, all tending
At the rearwardend of thevise base 10, and at one
to enlarge the versatility of the device and the work
side thereof, as in FIG. 6, a slot 60 and a recess 62 com
performable therewith. That is to say, it is herewith
municating therewith are provided. Both are disposed in
possible to locate the work piece relatively to any desired
the generally vertical plane inset inwardly of the planar
plane or universally by the proper adjustment of the
face of the said side of the vise base 10. A degree seg
ment 64 is pivoted at 66 to the sine base plate 2 and is 60 respective instrumentalities relatively to the member 2.
provided with a bevelled side edge 68. The slot 69 is
bevelled to complement the bevel of the degree seg
ment 64.
As a result, machining or other operations are facili
tated and it is possible materially to increase production
therewith, the versatility thereof being greatly enlarged.
In the use of my improved construction, it will be
The degree segment 64, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 11,
is provided with a scale 65' comprising indicia of various 65 evident that when the work is placed against the stationary
jaw, the slidable jaw may be readily and quickly moved
angles in order that the member 11} may be swung with
into clamping relation by suitable rotation of the turn
respect to its turning axis and positioned at a desired
angle relative to the member 2. The scale 65 is registra
ing member in such manner as thereby to enable the
ble with a line (not shown) applied in a suitable manner
work to be disposed in the proper manner relative to
on the member 10 to indicate each angular position.
70 the operating tool.
A lock member 70 lies against the bevelled side edge
Further, it will be apparent that the work, when com
68 of the degree segment 64, and a screw 72 is provided
pleted, may be similarly released by a reverse operation
for any desired tightening of the member 70 at any de
of the turning member and new work thereafter inserted
sired angular position.
with a minimum of loss of time due to the facility with
Adjacent the forward end of the vise base 10 and at 75 which these operations may be performed and the rapid
movement of the slidable jaw made possible through the
easy operation of the turning member.
jaw member of said vise base and the other of the jaw
portions of said vise clamp being receivable in the comple
mental groove of the screw retaining post member of said
vise and the interconnecting portion of said vise clamp
being receivable in the complemental groove of said vise
It will be seen from the above that the invention pro
vides a simple and e?t’ective work holder in which the
work can be readily given an accurate compound ad
justment. The work piece can be readily and accurately
adjusted in a multiplicity of planes which are angular
relative to each other.‘
Although my invention has been speci?cally described
base whereby said vise clamp member acts as a reinforce
cradle for said vise base, a slidable jaw slidable relative
to said vise base, and operating means for moving said
slidable jaw toward work holding position under pressure
and illustrated herein with particular reference to a 10 relative to the stationary jaw of said vise base.
combination sine plate and work holding device it should
be appreciated that its utility and application extend
beyond the particular type of structure illustrated and its
broad scope and concept comprehend the useful and
novel features set forth when combined with any work
holding device of the general type contemplated and thus,
with respect to the scope of the invention, the foreging
material is to be considered as illustrative only.
2. In a work holding device comprising in combination,
a vise base including a generally horizontal grooved base
and upwardly-extending grooved stationary jaw and screw
retaining post members‘ ?xed thereto, a vise clamp mem
ber adapted to cradle said vise base and including a pair
of interconnected vertically extending jaw portions, one
of theujawportions of said "vise clamp member being
receivable in ‘the complemental groove of the stationary
It is to be further understood that the speci?c
jaw member of said vise base and the other of the jaw
phraseology or terminology herein employed is for the 20 portions of said vise clamp being receivable in the compleé
purpose of description and not of iimitation. Although
mental groove of thescrew retainingpost member of said
the terms and expressions hereof ‘are employed for pur~
vise and the interconnecting portion of said vise clamp
poses of identifying various components, they are used
being receivable in the complemental groove of said vise
in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for pur
base, a slidable jaw slidable relative to said vise base, and
poses of limitation and are intended to be as generic 25 operating means for urging said slidable jaw toward and
‘in their application as the art will permit.
away from work holding position relative to the stationary
Without further analysis, the foregoing is intended to
jaw'of said vise base.
so fully reveal the gist of my invention and its construc
3. A static work holding vise, comprising in com
tion and operation that others can, by applying current
bination, a vise base including a generally horizontal
knowledge, readily adapt it for various applications with 30 grooved base and upwardly-extending grooved stationary
out omitting features which, from the standpoint of prior
jaw and screw retaining post members ?xed thereto, a vise
art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of its gen
clamp member including a pair of interconnected verti
eric and/or speci?c aspects. Stated otherwise, it is not
cally extending jaw portions, one of the jaw portions of
desired to limit this invention tothc exact construction
said vise clamp member being receivable in the comple
shown and described as the objects hereof may be at 35 mental groove of the stationary jaw member of said vise
tained by the use of constructions different in certain
base and the other of the jaw portions of said vise clamp
respects from that disclosed.
The invention is claimed, broadly as well as speci?cally,
as indicated in the appended claims, and same are de
being receivable in the complemental groove of the screw
retaining post member of said vise base and the inter
connecting portion of said vise clamp being receivable
sired to include within the scope thereof all of said suit 40 in the complemental groove of said vise base for permit
able variations, modi?cations and equivalents by which
ting the cradling of said vise base by said vise clamp, a
substantially the results of the invention may be obtained
slidable jaw slidable relative to ‘said vise base, pressure
through the use of substantially the same or equivalent
applying means for urging said slidable jaw toward and
devices or means. Accordingly, limitation hereof should
away from work holding position relative to the stationary
be made only as determined by a proper interpretation 45 jaw of said vise base as said vise clamp member ?exes
of the subjoined claims.
under the pressure of said pressure applying means.
What is claimed as new and useful is:
1. A work holding device comprising in combination
7 References Cited in the file of this patent
a vise base including a generally horizontal grooved base
and upwardly-extending grooved stationary jaw and screw
Cherry _______________ __ Oct. 30, 1951
retaining post members ?xed thereto at opposite ends
Gunphrey ___________ __ Sept. 25, 1956
thereof, a C-shaped vise clamp member including a pair
Krisel ____________ --a__.._ May 27, 1958
of interconnected vertically extending jaw portions, one of
Du Bois ______________ __ Jan. 13, 1959
the jaw portions of said vise clamp member being re
Cole _________________ __ June 9, 1959
ceivable in the complemental groove of the stationary 55 2,889,757
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