close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3021261

код для вставки
Feb. 13, 1962
3,021,251
R. E. MERRlTT
TRANSFER APPLYING APPARATUS
Filed June 3, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
88
68
il
0;.
h
INVENTOR
ROBERT E. MERR/TT'
AGENTS
Feb. 13, 1962
R. E. MERRITT
3,021,251
TRANSFER APPLYING APPARATUS
Filed June 5, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR
29
'
ROBERT E. MERR/TT
BY'
WuA/QLM
rates Patent
3,23,251
Patented Feb. 13, 1962
1
2
3,021,251
In an effort to eliminate the foregoing disadvantages,
considerable money, time, and effort has been expended in
SFER APPLYENG APPARATUS
Robert E. Merritt, Rte. 2, Box 262, Mount Airy, N.C.
Filed June 3, 195% Ser. No. 817,932
10 Claims. (Ql. 156—542)
developing transfer applying machines which will provide
a high rate of production of ?nished goods as well as
properly applying the transfer to the goods. In general,
these prior developments have been devoted to providing
The present invention relates to transfer apparatus, and
more particularly to apparatus for the transfer of perti
an automatic or semi-automatic operation. For example,
in one form of prior available transfer applying appara
tus, the iron is automatically operated to transfer the
design to the fabric. However, in this type of apparatus,
the hosiery or similar article is placed manually on the
work table and the tape carrying the transfer is manually
fed and placed on the goods. In other form of prior de
velopment, the machine has endeavored to provide more
nent indicia or other information in a dry state to the
surface of textile goods, such as, for example, hosiery.
The textile industry for many years has applied neces
sary information to the surface of a wide variety of tex
tile goods. In general, such information has been ap
plied to the fabric by means of a dry transfer operation.
In such an operation in general, the necessary informa 15 automatic operation by utilizing a special perforated trans
tion is printed in a reverse or mirror image continuously
fer tape which endeavors to provide an automatic index
in spaced relationship on paper tape, and is marketed in
ing of the tape for application of the transfer carried
the form of a tape roll containing a great many individual,
thereby to the goods. The transfer tape of this type is
spaced transfers thereon. To transfer the pertinent in
expensive, thereby increasing production costs. More
formation to the surface of the textile goods, the transfer
over, such perforated tapes do not positively insure the
is placed against the goods with the printed side in con
proper
positioning of the transfer design to the fabric due
tact therewith. Heat is then applied to the unprinted
to breakage of the tape perforations, and the like. In
side of the tape resulting in a softening of the transfer
still another form of transfer applying apparatus, position
ink and an adhering of the design to the surface of the
ing
of the transfer tape is detected by a sensitive electri
fabric thereby marking the goods in the desired manner.
cal switch, which engagement with the printed surface of
By way of example, to place the desired information ' the
transfer controls the positioning of the transfer de
on hosiery, the transfer tape roll will carry a plurality of
sign relative to the fabric. A machine of this character
individual spaced transfers in which each will contain, for
is quite complicated and constantly requires careful con
example, the size of the goods, the style and color of the
trol and adjustment of a machine that has a high initial
goods, ?ber identi?cation and content thereof in the goods,
cost, which is susceptible to breakdowns and correspond
trademark or other manufacturer or source identi?cation,
ing delay in production.
directions for use of the goods, and any other necessary
Therefore, a principal object in the elimination of the
information printed thereon. To apply the transfer to
foregoing and related disadvantages is to provide a new
the hosiery, the transfer roll in general is mounted on a
and improved dry transfer apparatus for applying infor
support above the work table and in front of the opera
mation carried by a transfer tape to the surface of textile
tor such that the tape may be freely unwound therefrom
goods.
as needed. An electric or similarly heated stamping iron
Another object of the present invention is the provision
is provided for use at the work table. Hosiery is usual
of
a new and novel dry transfer apparatus for transferring
ly marked at points thereon which Will not be normally
visible, such as, for example, the foot portion, in the case 40 pertinent information from transfer tape to hosiery.
A further object of the present invention is the pro
of mens’, boys’ and children’s or girls’ ankle socks. With
vision
of dry transfer apparatus for applying information
ladies’ full fashioned hosiery, the identi?cation may be
from transfer tape to the surface of textile goods that is
placed either on the welt portion or the foot portion of
semi-automatic in operation.
the hosiery. The hosiery to be marked is placed on the
Yet another object of the present invention is the pro
work table with the area thereof to be marked positioned 45
vision of dry transfer applying apparatus that is cheap in
in a ?at, laid out state on a ?at surface of the work table.
initial cost, quite simple in design, and requires virtually
The transfer tape is pulled down and a single transfer is
no maintenance.
placed in contact with the hosiery at the desired point,
A still further object of the present invention is the
with the printed surface engaging the face of the hosiery.
The operator places the heated iron against the un 50 provision of dry transfer applying apparatus which mate
rially increases the rate of production of ?nished textile
printed surface of the tape opposite the transfer, for a pe
v goods.
riod of time sufficient to soften the transfer ink, resulting
Another object of the present invention is the provision
in a transfer of the design to the surface of the hosiery.
of a dry transfer applying apparatus which insures the
This operation is repeated continuously by the operator
proper positioning of the transfer on the goods, as well '
for each hose that is to be marked or identi?ed.
55
as a positive transferring of the transfer design to the
The operation just described is the one that has been
goods.
generally employed not only in the hosiery industry, but
A still further object of the present invention is the pro
vision of a dry transfer applying apparatus which does
pletely manual operation. For example, the production 60 not require the services of a highly trained operator.
Other and additional objects of the present invention
rate of the operators is dependent solely upon the speed,
will
become manifest from the ensuing description taken
skill, and dexterity they possess in applying the transfers
also in the textile industry in general. This procedure
possesses several disadvantages since it is primarily a com
to the goods.
in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Broadly stated, the dry transfer applying apparatus for
However, even with the most skilled oper
ators, the production rate is comparatively low thereby
increasing the production cost of the goods. Moreover,
such manual operation does not positively insure the uni
65
use in transferring information from indicia bearing tape
and made in accordance with the present invention com
prises tape supply roll means, tape snubbing means spaced
form placement of the transfer design on the hosiery which
from said roll means for receiving tape therethrough from
detracts from the appearance of the goods. Further, in
this type of operation there is no uniform application of
the supply roll means, said snubbing means having an ex
the transfer design to the hosiery which results in many 70 pandable passageway therethrough of a normal thickness
instances in an improper transferring of the design to the
less than the thickness of the printed portion of the tape,
fabric.
'
. said snubbing means capable of being expanded to enable.
3,021,251
3
4
the printed portion of the tape upon application of force
thereto to be drawn therethrough, vertically movable
trated, the tape snubbing means 17 comprise a ?rst stub
rod 18 secured to the vertical side portion 13 in trans
verse relationship thereto at a point forward from and
heating means spaced from said snubbing means for en
gagement with the surface of te tape, means to actuate the
vertical movement of said heating means, braking means
slightly below the stub shaft 14. The ?rst stub rod 18
preferably is square in cross-sectional contour, as shown,
in order to present a downwardly inclined or slightly
angled surface with respect to the vertical side portion 13,
engaging the tape after passing beyond said heating means,
and tape take-up means for receiving the tape after use,
said tape roll means, said heating means, and said braking
means being correlated with one another such that a
since it is to serve as a mounting rod for a resilient spring
arm 19. Thus the ?rst stub rod 18 may possess any cir
printing carried by said tape when in engagement with 10 cumferential contour accomplishing this result.
The spring arm 19 is in the form of a heavy gauge
said snubber means will present the printed portion of the
tape beneath the heating means when in its lowermost
metal strip, which is ?exible or resilient upon the appli
extended position.
cation of pressure thereto. The spring arm 19 is secured
at one end to the stub rod 13 by any suitable means, such
ends, the present invention then consists of the means 15 as, for example, as illustrated, by use of screws 20. The
spring arm 19 extends forwardly from the stub rod 18 in
hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in
downwardly inclined relation thereto and in a direction
the claims, the annexed drawing and the following de
away from the stub shaft 14, with the opposite end of
scription setting forth in detail certain means in the carry
the arm 19 terminating at a point above the base portion
ing out of the invention, such disclosed means illustrating,
12 of the support plate 11. The opposite end of the
however, but one of various ways in which the principle
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related
of the invention may be employed.
The present invention is illustrated, by way of example,
in the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a diagrammatic side elevation illustrating
the operational movement of the essential elements of a
transfer appyling apparatus made in accordance with the
present invention.
FIG. 2 is a front perspective view of a transfer apply
ing apparatus made in accordance with the present inven
tion.
FIG. 3 is a front perspective view of the opposite side
of the transfer applying apparatus shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary diagrammatic illustration of
the actuation of the tape braking means employed in the
transfer applying apparatus made in accordance with the 35
present invention.
in substantially transverse relationship to the side por
tion 13 of the support 11 and lies in parallel relationship
to but spaced from the base portion 12. The ?oat rod
22 is free from engagement with the side portion 13 and
is of a length greater than the width of the tape 16 such
that when the tape passes thereunder, in a manner to be
described more fully hereinafter, the ?oat rod will provide
suf?cient coverage thereover. The under surface of the
?oat rod 22 is round and quite smooth, providing a trans
versely extending edge for engagement with the printed
portion of the tape in a manner to be described more fully
hereinafter. The remaining portion of the ?oat rod 22
may be contoured in cross section in any desired manner,
such as, for example, circular. Alternatively, the ?oat rod
7
22 may be a square rod so long as the under surface of
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary diagrammatic illustration of
the actuation of the tape take-up means employed in the
transfer applying apparatus made in accordance with the
present invention.
spring arm 19 is secured by means of screws 21 or like
fastening means to an elongated ?oat rod 22 which extends
40
the lower transversely extending side edges are provided
with the desired edge.
A blocking base 23 that is substantially square in
cross section and of a length substantially equal to the
length of the ?oat rod 22 is secured to the base por
tion 12 of the support member 11 by screws or the like.
ance with the present invention and generally designated
The base rod 23 is positioned in vertical alignment with
by reference numeral 10 is shown. The transfer apply
ing apparatus 10 is adapted to be mounted on a conven 45 the ?oat rod 22 and may be in slightly spaced relation
ship therefrom such that the lower Surface of the ?oat
tional worktable or similar suitable support which will
22 and the upper ?at surface of the blocking base 23
enable the operator to utilize the apparatus 10 while in
will de?ne a very thin passageway therebetween. With
a sitting or standing position.
‘
this construction the ?oat rod 22 will be in tight engage~
The apparatus, in its illustrative embodiment, comprises
a support plate 11 having a horizontal base portion 12 and 50 ment with or spaced from the top ?at surface of the
blocking base 23 for a distance just suf?cient to permit
a vertical side portion 13 secured adjacent to and along
Referring now to the drawings, an illustrative embodi
ment of a dry transfer applying apparatus made in accord
one side of the base portion 12, and extending upwardly
therefrom at substantially right angles thereto. The
support plate 11 is secured to the worktable adjacent the
back thereof by means of bolts extending through the 55
the non-printed portion of the tape 16 to Pass easily
therethrough but of a distance insufficient to permit the
passage of the printed portion of the tape 16 therethrough
by the normal force applied to the tape during its take-up
worktable W, or by any suitable means which will secure
after a transfer has been made.
the support plate in a ?xed or adjustable position, such
blocking base 23 may be in engagement with the ?oat
rod 22 with the base 23 being provided with a very shal~
low ‘groove running transverse to the long axis of the
' as, for example, screws, spikes, or the like.
Alternatively, the
A stub shaft 14 is secured by any suitable means, such
as, for example, welding or the like, to the vertical side 60 base. The groove will function as a tape guideway and
portion 13 of the support plate 11, and extends inwardly
will be of a depth equal to the thickness of the unprinted
therefrom at right angles thereto and above the base por
portion of the tape 16. Thus when the printing por
tion 12. The stub shaft 14 is positioned to the rear of the
tions 16a enters the groove, it will be stopped by its en
support plate 11 and serves as the mounting means for
gagement with the ?oat rod 22. With the ?oat rod 22
the transfer tape roll 15. The tape roll 15 is carried by 65 being secured to the ?exible arm 19, the ?oating rod
the shaft 14 such that it is freely rotatable thereon to
22 is capable of being slightly ?exed vertically upwardly
enable the transfer tape 16 having the transfer indicia
upon application of a stronger force than normal, as
16a thereon to be easily withdrawn therefrom.
will be described more fully hereinafter, in the opera~
Tape snubbing means generally designated by the refer
tion of the apparatus to enable the printed portion to
ence number 17 is secured to the vertical side portion 13 70
pass between the ?oat rod 22 and the blocking base
in transverse relationship thereto by any suitable means
23 with either form hereinbefore described.
at a point spaced forwardly from the stub shaft 14. The
Ironing means generally designated by reference nu
tape snubbing means 17 will be positioned generally
meral 25 is positioned forwardly of the tape snubbing
below the stub shaft 14 in order to receive the tape 16
passing therethrough from the tape roll 15. As illus 75 means 17 and in longitudinal alignment therewith. The
3,021,251
6.
ironing means 25 include a frame support 26 which is
generally in the form of a vertically positioned A-frame
having diagonal channel legs 27 and 28, each of which
opening provided in the ?ange portion of each of the
brackets 47 and 48 and extends therebetween in a sub
stantially horizontal plane and inwardly spaced from but
has a foot portion 29 and 31]. The foot portions 29 and
transverse to the path of the tape 16. Bearing collars
30 are provided with openings through which nuts and
4-9’ are mounted on the shaft adjacent each end thereof
bolts 31 extend for securing the frame 26 to the work
and in engagement with the inside face of the brackets
table W forwardly from and on opposite sides of the
47 and 4-8 to lock the shaft 4.9 against lateral movement
support member 11. A transversely positioned hori
thereof. An inner braking plate or pad 50 is secured
zontal cross plate 32 having vertical ?anges 33 at each
in substantially parallel, outwardly spaced relationship
end thereof spans the distance between and connects 10 to the mounting shaft 49 by means of connecting strips
the legs 27 and 28 of the frame 26 together. The trans
51. The inner braking plate 50 is provided with a sur
verse cross plate 32 is connected by means of bolts 34
face or braking pad separately secured such that in com
extending through the ?anges 33 to the sides of the legs
bination with an outer braking plate, as will be described
27 and 28, respectively, substantially midway of the
more fully hereinafter, will engage against the surface
vertical height of the frame 26. The upper ends of the 15 of the tape 16 to prevent downward movement thereof.
inclined legs 27 and 28 are secured to one another in
Otherwise, in a non-braking state the tape 16 will move
slightly spaced relationship de?ning an area su?icient
lightly across the surface of the outer braking rod 55
to permit the mounting of one end of an actuating cyl
during its upward or downward travel.
inder therein in a manner to be described more fully
hereinafter.
An air cylinder means 35, which is of
generally conventional design, is mounted between the
top of the frame 26, with the lower end thereof mounted
A cam 52 is mounted on the shaft 49 in ?xed rela
tionship therewith and serves in association with an actu
ating rod 53 as the means to partially rotate the shaft
49, thereby causing an upward and outward movement of
the inner braking plate 50. The cam 52 is provided with
provided with a vertically movable piston arm 36 which
a ?xed roller 52 extending rearwardly therefrom, as best
extends through a formed opening in the cross plate 33 25 seen in FIG. 4, and which is positioned to intersect the
and is movable downwardly in the direction of the work
general vertical path of movement of the actuating rod
table W. An electrically actuated iron 37 of generally
53 or any elements carried thereon, as will be described
conventional design is secured to the free end of the
more fully hereinafter. The actuating rod 53 is secured
piston arm 36 by means of locking screws 38. The iron
at one end by any suitable means to the iron 37 or its
37 is square in design and is provided with a ?at sur
associated parts, and extends upwardly therefrom in
face and is electrically heated through line 39 and switch
spaced parallel relationship to the air cylinder means 35,
means 40. The cylinder means is provided with air
and through a journal 54 mounted on the top surface of
lines 41 which provide the necessary air to actuate the
the cross plate 32. The rod 53 extends upwardly past
cylinder to drive the cylinder means 35 to drive the
the roller 52’ of the cam 52 and through the top of the
piston 36 and the iron 37 carried thereby downwardly
frame 26 and beyond. The rod 53 is of such length that
to the worktable. The air cylinder means 35 is nor
when the iron 37 is in its lowermost point in engagement
mally actuated by a foot control (not shown) in a con
with tape 16, the upper free end of the rod 53 will ex
ventional arrangement.
The arrangement of the cyl
tend above any operating mechanism of the apparatus for
inder means 35, the piston arm 36, and the iron 37 is
purposes to be described more fully hereinafter.
such that when the piston arm 36 is in its extended po
An outer braking plate or rod 55 is provided which is
sition, the iron 37 will be in contact with the tape 16
in parallel relationship to and slightly spaced from the
which, in turn, will be in contact with the sock H placed
inner braking plate 5t} and in alignment therewith to form
on an operating board B carried by the worktable W to
a slightly spaced, vertical passageway therebetween for
apply the transfer of the indicia 16a to the surface of
the normal movement of the tape. The braking rod 55
the sock H.
is connected at one end to a rod 56, which» is connected
A tape guide 42 in the form of a generally U-shaped
in transverse relationship to the leg 27 of the frame 26.
wire frame is positioned to the top surface of the cross
The braking assembly 46 just described serves to halt the
plate 32 by means of bolts 43. The tape guide 42 ex
movement of the downward travel of the tape during the
tends outwardly from the cross plate 32 and down~
initial part of the downward movement of the iron 37.
wardly therefrom having a lower cross piece which is in 50
As shown in FIG. 4, the actuating rod 53 is provided
actual engagement with the tape 16 such that the tape
with a circular collar 53' which is so positioned on the
will be offset from and will not come into engagement
rod 53 that upon the vertical movement of the rod, the
during its vertical movement with the cross plate 32,
collar 53’ will come into tight frictional engagement with
or any of the associated members mounted thereon. A
the roller 52’ of the cam 52, thereby causing a rocking
top tape guide 44 in the form of a U-shaped member 55 or rotation of the shaft 49 to actuate. the tape braking
is secured to the upper free end of each of the legs 27
mechanism 46. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the collar 53’
and 28 of the frame 26, and will be outwardly olfset
is positioned such that when the iron 37 is in the up or
therefrom and in vertical alignment with the tape guide
retracted position, the collar 53' will rest above the tape
42. Utilization of the tape guides 42 and 44 will in—
braking means 46. However, upon the vertical movement
sure the travel of the tape means without any likelihood 60 of the iron downwardly into an operating position, the
collar 53’ will move downwardly with the rod 53 to en
of same becoming tangled or into contact with any of
gage the cam roller 52’ causing an actuating of the tape
the moving parts of the apparatus.
on the cross plate 32.
The air cylinder means 35 is
Tape braking means generally designated by reference
numeral 46 is mounted to span the distance between the
brake 46. It is to be noted that the collar 53' need not
be in continuous engagement with the cam roller 52’
during the entire downward movement of the actuating
lower tape guide 42 and the top tape guide 44 in sub
rod 53. Rather, as shown, the collar 53' will be in en
stantially transverse relationship to the path of travel of
gagement with the cam roller 52' during only a portion
the tape 16, and de?nes an area through which the tape
of the cycle su?icient to permit the iron to come into
will travel. As illustrated, the tape braking means 4-6
contact with the tape and to cause the printed portion 16a
is mounted to span the distance between the legs 27 and
28 at a point just below the upper tape guide 44. The 70 of tape 16 to pass through snubbing means 17, and the
tape braking means 46 will be in a non-braking state
tape braking means 46 comprises angle brackets 47 and
during the ?nal operating cycle of the iron 37. During
48 which are secured, respectively, to legs 27 and 28 by
the return of the rod 53 to the normal position, the col
means of bolts 47’ and 48' respectively, or by any other
lar 53' will, of course, come into engagement with the
suitable means. A mounting shaft 49 is mounted in an 75 cam roller 52' but since the travel is upward, the cam 52
3,021,251
8
Tape take-up means, generally designated by reference
locking screw 78, thereby preventing any transverse move-'
ment of the rock shaft 75 with respect to the vertical
frame 74. The locking collar 77 is provided with a
numeral 60, is mounted to the top of the frame 26 and
?nger shaft 79 which is secured at one end thereto by
in substantially vertical alignment with the cylinder 35,
threading or the like and extends downwardly therefrom
and in inclined relationship with respect to the rock shaft
75. The opposite free end of the ?nger shaft 79* is
will riot be rotated ‘such that the tape braking means 46
would be in operation.
and so Constructed as to have component parts thereof
in engagement with the actuating rod 53. The tape take
secured to one end of a coil spring 80, with the other end
up means 60, as illustrated, comprises a base 61 which
of the spring 80 being secured by means of an attaching
is secured to the top ?at surface of the frame 26 by means
of bolts, screws, or other fastening means. The base 10 screw 81 to the lower portion of the vertical mounting
plate 74. This construction results in the rock shaft 75
plate 61 is provided with a central opening through which
being maintained under tension in a clockwise direction,
the vertically extending actuating rod 53 will pass in
which, as will be pointed out more fully hereinafter, will
transverse relationship therewith. A journal hearing or
insure the proper feeding of used tape over the tape take
collar 62 is positioned on the base plate 60 around the
central opening such that the actuating rod 53 will be 15 up roller 68.
The rock shaft 75 is of a length less than that of the
maintained in vertical alignment and be freely movable
take-up roller 68 and extends laterally in transverse rela
therein. A pair of laterally spaced, vertically extending
tionship from the second mounting frame 74 and lies
journal bearings 63 are secured by any suitable means to
above the take-up roller 68 in spaced parallel relationship
the top surface of the base plate 61 in transverse re
thereto. The free end of the rock shaft 75 terminates
lationship thereto. A lower mounting shaft 64 is mount
at a point above substantially the middle portion of the
ed in the bearings 63 in spaced parallel relationship to
take-up roller 68 and is connected to a mounting bearing
the base plate 61 with each free end thereof extending
82. A U-shaped caster 83 is secured to the mounting
laterally outwardly from each of the bearings 63. Ver
bearing 82 by means of a shaft 84 extending there
tical mounting plates 65 and 66 are mounted at one end
through and held in engagement therewith by a nut 86
thereof to the free ends of the mounting shaft 64 and
at the free end thereof and a lock nut on the opposite
retained thereto by means of locking screws 67. A take
side thereof. The caster 83 extends downwardly in trans
up roller 68 is mounted between the mounting plates 65
verse relationship with respect to the rock shaft 75 in
and 66 for free rotation therein by means of stub shafts
the direction of the roller 68, and is provided with a
69 extending through openings adjacent the top of each
of the plates 65 and 66. The take-up roller 68 is in 30 small roller 88 held in place therein by means of a
mounting‘ shaft 89. The roller 88 is in normal engage
alignment with the top tape guide 44, and is so positioned
ment with the tape take-up roller 68 and is continually
that the tape 16 will pass thereover from the tape guide
urged into contact therewith by means of the spring 80
44 without contacting any portion of the apparatus. A
which places the rock shaft 75 under tension in a clock
tension rod 66’ is secured at one end by means of a col
lar 67' adjacent the free end of the lower shaft 64, ex 35 wise direction. The roller 88 is so positioned relative to
the take-up roller 68 that it will be in contact with the
tending beyond the vertical mounting member 66, and
tape 16 interposed or passing between it and the take-up
extending forwardly therefrom in substantially transverse
roller 68 such that during one cycle of the operation of
relationship thereto. The forward free end of the rod 66
the apparatus the cooperation of the take-up roller 68
is secured to one end of a coil spring 68' which extends
downwardly therefrom and is connected at its opposite 40 and the roller 88 will pull the used tape therethrough
end to a screw 69’ carried by leg 27 of the frame 26.
This serves to maintain the shaft 64 and its associated
parts in forward or clockwise tensioned state.
and away for discard. The tension imparted on the tape
by the caster 83, however, must be insufficient to pull
the printed portion 16a of the tape 16 through the snub
ber 17, as will be apparent from the description of the
surface will be in ?rm frictional engagement with the 45 operation of the machine given hereinafter.
As illustrated, a used tape receptacle 90, which is pref
surface of the actuating rod 53 which passes upwardly
erably a lightweight transparent tube or cylinder, is se
in front thereof since the rod 53 during its upward move
The take-up roller 68 is also positioned such that its
ment functions to rotate the roll 68 in a counter-clockwise
direction. To prevent rotation of the tape take-up roller
68 during the downward movement of the actuating rod
53, a wedge block 70, as shown in FIG. 5, is interposed
between the actuating rod 53 and the upper portion of
the tape take-up roller 68. The wedge block 70 is se
cured at one end by any suitable means to the frame 26
in slightly downwardly inclined relationship with respect
thereto. The receptacle 9t! insures the taking up of the
used transfer tape 16 without fear of it becoming en
tangled with any of the operating elements of the appa
ratus. It is to be clearly understood, however, that it is
within the spirit and scope of the present invention to
cured at one end to a mounting plate 71 in pivotal rela
tionship therewith by means of a bolt 72. A spirally 55 provide other means for taking off the used tape after
it has been fed upwardly by means of the tape take-up
wound spring 73 is interposed between the mounting plate
roller 68 and the roller 88. The illustrated transparent
71, the wedge block 70, and around the bolt 72 thereby
cylinder 90 is merely a form of receptacle that has been
tending to normally urge the wedge block 70 downwardly
found to be of utility.
between the take-up roller 68 and the actuating rod 63.
In the operation of the transfer apparatus 10 to impart
This arrangement insures no rotation of the take-up 60
a transfer design to the surface of the sock, an operating
roller 68 during the downward movement of the actuating
board B is positioned on the worktable W between the
rod 53, yet will in no way interfere with the counter
legs 27 and .28 of the frame 26, and is provided with an
clockwise rotation of the tape take-up roller 68 imparted
alignment marking zone which is in vertical alignment
thereto by frictional engagement with the actuating rod
53 during its upward vertical movement.
65 with the iron 37 and provides a zone in which the sock
H is to be placed. It will be found quite helpful to also
A second vertical mounting frame 74 is secured by any
provide a small light on the frame 26 which will project
suitable means, such as, for example, screw, bolt, or the
a beam onto the area in which the hose H will be placed.
like, to the mounting frame 65 and extends upwardly
The light will accentuate the zone in which the hose is
therefrom in alignment substantially therewith. The up
per portion of the second mounting frame 74 is provided 70 to be positioned, thereby increasing the speed of the trans
ferring operation.
with an opening therein in which one end of a rock shaft
In the operation of the transfer apparatus 10 to place
75 will be mounted and will be rotatable with respect
indicia or other markings on the surface of a fabric,
thereto. The rock shaft 75 is provided with locking col
reference will be had to its utilization with socks desig
lars 76 and 77 on either side of the second vertical mount
ing frame 74, each of which is retained thereon by a 75 nated by reference letter H. To place the transfer appa~
8,021,251
9
ratus 10 into operation, the tape 16 is threaded from the
tape reel 15 through the tape snubber 17. The tape 16
is next inclined upwardly and carired around the forward
edge of the iron 37 and remains in contact therewith.
The tape 16 is carried up and over the lower tape guide
42 and is threaded through the inner braking pad 59
and the outer braking plate 55 of the tape braking mecha
nism 46, and over the top tape guide 44 and hence
through the take-up roller 68 and the top roller 88.
10
further downward movement of the iron 37 continues to
draw the tape 16 through the snubber 17 until the next
succeeding raised indicia 16a reaches the snubber. At
this point the forward movement of tape 16 is stopped
by the snubber 17, and with the brake means 46 in a non
locked state, the point of least resistance is the tape take
up roll 68 and the roller 88. This results in the tape 16
during the remaining travel of the iron 37 downward
being backed down sufficient to permit the iron 37 to. place
The tape 16 should have no slack in it and must be 10 the tape 16 against the surface of the hose H. At this
maintained under constant tension in order to properly
point the indicia 16a of the tape 16 will be in registry with
align each indicia 16a during its transfer to the hose H.
the hose H and the heated iron 37 will transfer the indicia
Moreover, the spacing between the snubber 17 and the
16a.
iron 37 in its lower position is quite important. In gen. When the indicia 16a transfer has been completed to
eral, the radius from the snubber 17 as the center through 15 the surface of the sock H, the operator releases the control
which the iron 37 travels is equal to the distance between
valve of the pneumatic cylinder 35 causing the piston 36
at least two of the indicia 16a on the tape 16. This may
and the iron 37 carried thereby to travel upwardly to its
be best represented by the formula R=ND, as shown
normal position. The actuating rod 53 simultaneously is
in FIG. 1, in which R is the radius from the snubber 17
carried upwardly with its upper portion thereof being in
as the center point, N is a whole integer such as l, 2, 3, 20 frictional engagement with the surface of the tape take-up
etc., and D is the distance from the uppermost edge of
roller 68, thereby resulting in the counter-clockwise rota
one area of printing or indicia 16a to the same point on
tion of the roller 68. Such rotation of the roller 63 in
the next adjacent area of indicia 16a. Thus, the snubber
association with the roller 88 causes the tape 16 to be
17 must be so spaced with respect to the indicia spacing
pulled therethrough until the tape is in a taut or tensioned
on the tape 16 and the travel of the iron 37 that the tape 25 state. The rotation of the roller 68 is of a force insu?ié
16 accurately moves a distance equal to the spacing from
cient to pull the indicia 16a of the tape 16 into and through
one indicia 16a to another indicia 16a during each operat
the snubber 17. The operation just described is repeated
ing cycle. As hereinbefore indicated, the support plate
171 may be mounted to the worktable W in adjustable
to transfer the next indicia 16a to the next sock, and so on.
- From the foregoing operation as described, it is seen
relationship. This will be found quite advantageous to 30 that the non-printed portion of the tape 16 moves freely
and easily through the snubber 17 by the force of the
properly adjust the support plate'horizontally so as to
properly space the snubber 17 carried thereon with re
spect to the iron 37 to properly insure the registering of
downward movement of the iron 37 or the counter-clock
the indicia beneath the iron during the transfer opera
tion.
wise rotation of the take-up roller 68 when no other force
is applied to hinder the movement of the tape. However,
when .he indicia 16a which constitutes the raised portion
The operator places a hose H in the aligned area or
operating zone of the operating board B in a ?at, laid
out state. The operator actuates the control valve of
travel of the iron 37 alone will not draw the raised portion
the pneumatic cylinder 35, thereby driving the piston 36
and the iron 37 downwardly. As the iron 37 moves
downwardly, the actuating rod 53 likewise moves down
wardly therewith causing the collar 53' carried thereon
to engage the roller 52' of the cam 52 carried by the
shaft 49. This engagement results in a counter-clockwise
of the tape 16 encounters the snubber 17, the downward
into and through the snubber 17, since the point of least
resistance is at the take-up roller 68. Similarly, the force
exerted by the rotation of the take-up roller 68 is in
su?icient to carry the raised portion of the tape 16 into
and through the snubber 17. Thus, the fricLional force
required to move the raised portion of the tape 16 into and
through the snubber 17 is considerably greater. By lock
rotational movement of the shaft 49 causing the inner 45 ing the tape 16 against movement by the brake means
braking pad 50 to move tightly against the outer braking
46 on the other side of lhe iron 37 during its initial down
bar 55 thereby preventing any vertical movement of
ward movement, the force exerted on the tape 16 is suf
?ciently strong to draw the raised portion into and through
the tape 16 passing therebetween in either direction be
yond the iron 37 during the initial downward travel of
the snubber 17. After this has been accomplished, the
brake means 46 is released thereby eliminaling the strong
the iron. The brake means 46 must not remain in locked
force and the unprinted portion of the tape 16 is pulled
or operative state during the entire downward travel of
forward by the lesser force existing when the brake means
the iron 37, but rather, is locked only for a period ofv
time sufficient to permit the printed indicia 16a to be
is in an inoperative state. As hereinbefore noted, the
lesser force is insu?icient to pull the raised portion of the
pulled through the snubber 17, by the action of the iron
37 against the tape 16. In effect, the tape 16 is locked 55 tape through the snubber 17. The operation with the
lesser force moves the tape 16 forwardly accurately a
against movement beyond the iron 37 such that the move
distance equal to the spacing between an indicia 16a
ment of the iron 37 downwardly against the tape 16 can
and the next succeeding indicia 16a.
pull the tape 16 from only one direction initially, to wit,
While there have been described herein what are at
through the snubber 17. Moreover, by the action of the
brake 16 on one side the iron 37 will exert a force suf
present considered preferred embodiments of the inven
?ciently strong to pull the raised printed indicia 16a
through the snubber 17. Thus during the initial opera
tion of the cylinder 35, the tape 16 and raised indicia
16a is pulled through the snubber 17 since it is the point
of least resistance when the brake means 46 is locked,
preventing the travel of the tape 16 on the opposite side
of the iron 37.
The tape 16 and the raised indicia 16a thereon is pulled
through the snubber 17 by the action of the downward
modi?cations and changes may be made therein without
departing from the essence of the invention. It is there
fore to be understood that the exemplary embodiments
are illustrative and not restrictive of the invention, the
scope of which is de?ned in the appended claims, and
that all modi?cations that come Within the meaning and
range of equivalency of the claims are intended to be
tion, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that
included therein.
I claim:
movement of the iron 37 for a distance greater than the 70
' length of the indicia 16a but less than the distance be
1. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
tween two of the indicia 16a. At this point, the collar‘
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
53' on the operating rod 53 clears the cam roller 52' of
spaced from 'said roll means for receiving tape there
the cam 52 thereby resulting in the cam 52 rotating to its,
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means
normal position thus releasing the'brake means 46. The 75 having‘aivertically expandable passageway therethrough
3,021,251
11
relationship with said bottom support, a spring arm con
of a normal thickness less than the thickness of the printed
portion of the tape, said snubbing means capable of be
nected at one end to a ?xed member with the other end
ing vertically expanded to enable the printed portion of
connected to said top member, said bottom support and
said top member de?ning a vertically expandable pas
the tape upon application of force thereto to be drawn
therethrough, vertically movable heating means spaced‘
sageway therebetween of a normal thickness less than
from said snubbing means on the side opposite said supply
roll means for engagement with the surface of the tape,
the thickness of the printed portion of the tape, said top
member capable of being vertically expanded to enable
the printed portion of the tape upon application of force
thereto to be drawn therebetween, vertically movable heat
means to actuate the vertical movement of said heating
means, braking means engaging the tape after passing
beyond said heating means, tape take-up means for receiv
ing the tape after use, and means actuated by the down
ing means spaced from said snubbing means on the side
opposite said supply roll means for engagement with the
ward vertical movement of said heating means to lock
surface of the tape, means to actuate the vertical move
ment of said heating means, braking means engaging the
said braking means during only the initial portion of the
tape after passing beyond said heating means, and tape
downward movement of said heating means, but releasing
said braking means before the full travel of said heating 15 take-up means for receiving the tape after use, and means
actuated by the downward movement of said heating
means thereby enabling one printed portion carried by
present another printed portion of the tape beneath the
means to lock said braking means during a portion of
the downward movement of said heating means but re
heating means when in its lowermost extended position.
leasing said braking means before the full travel of said
said tape when in engagement with said snubber means to
2. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
heating means thereby enabling printing carried by said
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means
including a ?xed bottom support positioned in transverse
relationship to the path of the tape, a top member in 25
tape when in engagement with said snubber means such
that one printed portion of said tape when in engagement
with said snubber means will present another printed
portion of the tape beneath the heating means when in
its lowermost extended position.
vertically aligned relationship with said bottom support,
5. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
a spring arm connected at one end to a ?xed member with
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means
including a ?xed bottom support positioned in transverse
the other end connected to said top member, said bottom
support and said top member de?ning a vertically expand
able passageway therebetween of a normal thickness less
than the thickness of the printed poriion of the tape, said
top member capable of being vertically expanded to enable
the printed portion of the tape upon application of force
thereto to be drawn therebetween, verLically movable
relationship to the path of the tape, a top member in
tape after passing beyond said heating means, and tape
panded to enable the printed portion of the tape upon
vertically aligned relationship with said bottom support,
a spring arm connected at one end to a ?xed member
with the other end connected to said top member, said
heating means spaced from said snubbing means on the 35 bottom support and said top member de?ning a vertical
ly expandable passageway therethrough of a normal thick
side opposite said supply roll means for engagement with
ness less than the thickness of the printed portion of the
the surface of the tape, means to actuate the vertical move
tape, said snubbing means capable of being vertically ex
ment of said heating means, braking means engaging the
take-up means for receiving the tape after use, and means .40 application of force thereto to be drawn therethrough,
vertically movable heating means spaced from said snub
actuated by the movement of said heating means to act
bing means on the side opposite said supply roll means
upon said braking means and said take-up means such
for engagement with the surface of the tape, pneumatic
that one prinled portion of said tape when in engagement
means to actuate the vertical movement of said heating
with said snubber means will present another printed
portion of the tape beneath the heating means when in its 45 means, braking means positioned beyond and above said
heating and engaging the tape after passing beyond said
lowermost extended position.
heating means, and tape take-up means positioned above
3. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
said braking means for receiving the tape after use, said
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
tape roll means, said heating means, and said braking
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means 50 means being correlated with one another such that one
having a vertically expandable passageway therethrough
of a normal thickness less than the thickness of the printed
portion of the tape, said snubbing means capable of be
ing vertically expanded to enable the printed portion of
the tape upon application of force thereto to be drawn 55
therethrough, vertically movable heating means spaced
from said snubbing means on the side opposite said sup
ply roll means for engagement with the surface of the
tape, pneumatic means to actuate the vertical movement
printed portion of said tape when in engagement with
said snubber means will present another printed portion
of the tape beneath the heating means when in its lower
most extended position.
6. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape sup
ply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means spaced
from said roll means for receiving tape therethrough
from the supply roll means, said snubbing means including
a ?xed bottom support positioned in transverse relation
of said heating means, braking means positioned beyond 60 ship to the path of the tape, a top member in vertically
aligned relationship with said bottom support, a spring
and above said heating means and engaging the tape after
arm connected at one end to a ?xed member with the
passing beyond said heating means, and tape take-up
other end connected to said top member, said bottom
support and said top member de?ning a vertically ex
means, and said braking means being correlated with one 65 pandable passageway therethrough of a normal thickness
less than the thickness of the printed portion of the tape,
another such that one printed portion of said tape when
said snubbing means capable of being vertically expanded
in engagement with said snubber means will present an
means positioned above said braking means for receiving
the tape after use, said tape roll means, said heating
other printed portion of the tape beneath the heating
to enable the printed portion of the tape upon applica
tion of force thereto to be drawn therethrough, vertically
4. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape sup 70 movable heating means spaced from said snubbing means
on the side opposite said supply roll means for engage
ply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means spaced
ment with the surface of the tape, pneumatic means to
from said roll means for receiving tape therethrough from
actuate the vertical movement of said heating means,
the supply roll means, said snubbing means including a
braking means positioned beyond and above said heat
?xed bottom support positioned in transverse relationship
means when in its lowermost extended position.
to the path of the tape, a top member in vertically aligned 75 ing and engaging the tape after passing beyond said heat
aomges 11
14
ing means, and tape take-up means positioned“ above ‘said
’
means‘ will lock said braking means during a portion of
its downward travel but releasing said braking means
braking means for receiving the tape' after use, and means
actuated by the downward movement of said heating
means to lock said braking means during only the ini
tial portion of the downward movement of said heating
means but releasing said braking means before the full
before the full downward travel of said rod means,
thereby enabling printing carried by said tape when in
engagement with said snubber means such that one
printed portion of said tape when in engagement with
said snubber means will present another printed portion
travel of said heating means thereby enabling printing
carried by said tape when in engagement with said snub
of the tape beneath the heating means when in its lower
ber means such that one printed portion of said tape when
most extended position.
in engagement with said snubber means will present an 10
9. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
other printed portion of the tape beneath the heating
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there
7. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
including a ?xed bottom support positioned in transverse
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there 15 relationship to the path of the tape, a top member in
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means
vertically aligned relationship with said bottom support,
having a vertically expandable passageway therethrough
a spring arm connected at one end to a ?xed member
or a normal thickness less than the thickness of the
with the other end connected to said top member, said
printed portion of the tape, said snubbing means capable
bottom support and said top member de?ning a verti
of being vertically expanded to enable the printed por 20 cally expandable passageway therethrough of a normal
tion of the tape upon application of force thereto to be
thickness less than the thickness of the printed portion
drawn therethrough, vertically movable heating means
of the tape, said snubbing means capable of being verti
spaced from said snubbing means on the side opposite
cally expanded to enable the printed portion of the tape
said supply roll means for engagement with the surface
upon application of force thereto to be drawn there
means when in its lowermost extended position.
of the tape, means to actuate the vertical movement of 25 through, vertically movable heating means spaced from
said heating means, braking means engaging the tape
said snubbing means on the side opposite said supply
roll means for engagement with the surface of the tape,
pneumatic means to actuate the vertical movement of
after passing beyond said heating means, tape take-up
means for receiving the tape after use, and elongated
rod means secured at one end to said heating means
said heating means, braking means positioned beyond
and above said heating and engaging the tape after
passing beyond said heating means, and tape take-up
and extending upwardly therefrom in substantially longi
tudinal alignment therewith, said elongated rod means
including means to initially actuate said braking means
means positioned above said braking means for receiv
upon the downward travel of said rod means, said rod
ing the tape after use, and elongated rod means secured
means being in engagement with said take-up means to
at one end to said heating means and extending upwardly
actuate same during the upward travel of said rod means, 35 therefrom in substantially longitudinal alignment there
whereby said rod means upon the downward movement
with, the opposite end of said rod means being opera~
of said heating means will lock said braking means dur
tively associated with said take-up means to actuate same
ing only the initial portion of its downward travel but
during the upward travel of said rod means, said elon
releasing said braking means before the full downward
gated rod means including means carried thereby to ini
travel of said rod means, thereby enabling printing car
tially actuate said braking means upon the downward
ried by said tape when in engagement with said snubber
travel of said rod means, whereby said rod means upon
means will present another printed portion of the tape
the downward movement of said heating means will lock
beneath the heating means when in its lowermost ex
said braking means during a portion of its downward
tended position.
travel but releasing said braking means before the full
8. Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there
through from the supply roll means, said snubbing means
including a ?xed bottom support positioned in transverse
relationship to the path of the tape, a top member in
vertically aligned relationship with said bottom support,
a spring arm connected at one end to a ?xed member
with the other end connected to said top member, said
bottom support and said top member de?ning a verti
cally expandable passageway therebetween of a normal
thickness less than the thickness of the printed portion
of the tape, said top member capable of being vertically
45
downward travel of said rod means, thereby enabling
printing carried by said tape when in engagement with
said snubber means such that one printed portion of said
tape when in engagement with said snubber means will
present another printed portion of the tape beneath the
heating means when in its lowermost extended posItion.
10, Dry transfer applying apparatus comprising tape
supply roll means, self-actuated tape snubbing means
spaced from said roll means for receiving tape there
through from the supply roll means, snubbing means
having a vertically expandable passageway therethrough
of a normal thickness less than the thickness of the
printed portion of the tape, said snubbing means capable
of being vertically expanded to enable the printed por
expanded to enable the printed portion of the tape upon
application of force thereto to be drawn therebetween,
tion of the tape upon application of force thereto to be
vertically movable heating means spaced from said snub 60 drawn therethrough, vertically movable heating means
bing means on the side opposite said supply roll means
spaced from said snubbing means on the side opposite
for engagement with the surface of the tape, means to
said supply roll means for engagement with the surface
actuate the vertical movement of said heating means,
of the tape, pneumatic means to actuate the vertical
braking means engaging the tape after passing beyond
movement of said heating means, braking means posi
said heating means, and tape take-up means for receiving 65 tioned beyond and above said heating and engaging the
the tape after use, and elongated rod means secured at
one end to said heating means and extending upwardly
therefrom in substantially longitudinal alignment there
tape after passing beyond said heating means, and tape
take-up means positioned above said braking means for
receiving the tape after use, and elongated rod means
with, the opposite end of said rod means being opera
secured at one end to said heating means and extending
tively associated with said take-up means to actuate same 70 upwardly therefrom in substantially longitudinal align
during the upward travel of said rod means, said elon
ment therewith, the opposite end of said rod means being
gated rod means including means carried thereby to ini~
in operative association with said take-up means to actu
tially actuate said braking means only upon the initial
ate same during the upward travel of said rod means,
downward travel of said rod means, whereby said rod
said elongated rod means including means to initially
means upon the downward movement of said heating 75 actuate said braking means only upon the initial down
15
3,021,251;
Ward travel of said rod means, whereby said rod means
upon the downward movement of said heating means
will lock said braking means during a portion of its ini
16
of the tape beneath the heating means when in its lower
most extended position.
tial downward travel but releasing said braking means
before the full downward travel of said rod means, 5
thereby enabling printing carried by said tape when in
References Cited In the ?le of thls Patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,504,545
Chadwick ___________ __ Aug, 12, 1924
engagement with said snubber means such that one
2,517,493
Kingsley ______________ __ Aug. 1,1950
printed portion of said tape when in engagement with
said snuhber means will present another printed portion
2,616,362
2,880,538
Bustamante ___________ __ Nov. 4, 1952
Autem ________________ __ Apr. 7, 1959
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 529 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа