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Патент USA US3022891

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Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
l9 Sheets-Sheet 1
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‘Feb. 27, 1962,
w. J. HARPER EI'AI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29,‘ 1958
19 Sheets-Sheet 2
UNLOAD STAION
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ATTORNEYS
Feb. 27, 1962
.w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec‘.
29 , 1958
19 Sheets-Sheet ‘ 3
Feb. 27, 1962
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w. J. HARPER ETAL
3,022,831
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
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19 Sheets-Sheet 4
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ATTORNEYS
Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
19 Sheefs~$heet s
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Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
l9 Sheets-Sheet 8
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INVENTORS
W.J. Harper
D.G.Dutcher
ATTORNEYS
Feb. 27, 1962
3,022,881
W. J. HARPER ETAI.
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29. 1958
19I Sheets-Sheet 9
Feb. 27, 1962
.J. HARPER ETAL
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
19 Sheets-Sheet 1O
INVENTORS
.J. Harper
P. A.Hauck
M.J.Mo|l 8
D. G.Dutc her
ATTORNEYS
Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
l9 Sheets-Sheet 11
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INVENTORS
W.J.Horper
P. A.Houck
M.J.Moll 8
D.G.Du1cher
BY
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Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
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Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
19 sheets-sheet 1s ‘
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INVENTORS
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ATTORNEYS
Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMEIRSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
l9 Sheets-Sheet 14 I
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LOAD STATION
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Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAI.
3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec; 29, 1958
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BY
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Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETY'AL
' 3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
l9 Sheets-‘Sheet 16
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W. J.Hqrper
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Feb. 27, 1962
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AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1958
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ATTORNEYS
Feb. 27, 1962
w. J. HARPER ETAL
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3,022,881
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, ‘1958
19 Sheets-Sheet 18
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Feb. 27, 1962
W_.VJ. HARPER ETA!-
’
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IMMERSING MACHINE
Filed .Dec. 29, 1958
’
3,022,881
19 Sheets-Sheet 19
INVENTORS
W.J. Harper
P. A.Hauck
M.J.Moll a
D.G.Dutcher
ATTORNEYS ‘
United States Patent 0 R
C6
3,022,881
Patented Feb. 27, 1962
1
2
3,022,881
mechanism for the metering of a de?ned work load,
either in quantity, volume or weight, an automatic means
of dumping or transferring the work load to a cylinder or
Willard 3'. Harper, Middletown, Paul A. Hauck, Union, 5 container where a cover is used to prevent spillage during
processing, an automatic device to close and lock the
and Martvig J. Moll and Donald G. Dutcher, Fair
AUTOMATIC CONVERSION IlVIMERSlNG
MACHINE
Haven, N.J., assignors to Hanson-Van Winkle-Mun
ning Co., Matawan, N.J., a corporation of New Jersey
Filed Dec. 29, 1958, Scr. No. 783,591
31 Claims. (Cl. 198-49)
cover, subsequent cycle processing in any of .the methods
indicated previously in the immediately preceding para
graph, and an automatic device to open the cover at the
opposite end of the cycle to spill or discharge the load to
10 a receptacle, belt, hopper or other receiving bucket or
The present invention relates to Automatic Conversion
conveyor device, where the load then receives other manu
Coating Machine and has for an object to provide a mech
facturing or assembling operations, all such sequences
anism designed to function speci?cally with one work
being
performed automatically with this single work load
load that performs a wide range of operational require
machine.
ments, namely:
Any treatment cycle, where metal parts or any materials
require a sequence of different processing baths to prepare
the work for a speci?c purpose, such as cleaning to remove
15
The invention has for a further purpose to produce an
automatic conversion coating machine having unique
features bringing important advantages in process ?exibil
ity, work adaptability and labor savings.
dirt, grease, etc., paint preparation, oxide or phosphate
For purposes of illustration the invention is shown in a
coatings, blackening of metal surfaces, pickling of work 20 straight-line
machine having a loading station at one end
surfaces, plating, anodizing, dye or dip treatments, where
and an unloading station at the other end and with a bar
the treatment in each bath is individually controlled and
rel type receptacle for processing small parts like spark
the entire mechanism fully automatic.
plugs, nuts, screws, pins, etc.
Another object of the invention is to provide a mech
With the foregoing and other objects in view, the in
anism where the treatment timing in each bath may be 25
vention will be more fully described hereinafter, and will
set or varied without disturbing the functional operation
be more particularly pointed out in the claims appended
of other set treatments in the process cycle, where these
hereto.
variables can be preset differently for each new batch to
compensate for processing characteristics of each new
batch, where the work load can skip a speci?c vat or a
In the drawings, wherein like symbols refer to like or
corresponding parts throughout the several views.
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view with parts of the
main framework and tanks or vats broken ‘away and
shown in section and with the elevator and barrel recep
telligence can be made to repeat several operations in a
tacle carried thereby shown in full lines in elevated posi
back and forth shuttle arrangement before proceeding to
other required treatments for a speci?c process require 35 tion and in dotted lines in lowered position, all of a form
of machine constructed in accordance with the present
ment, where this one load can be received at one end,
invention.
discharged at the other end by automatic methods, or de
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the machine
signed to shuttle the load back at a high speed to- discharge
with the elevator in elevated position and the barrel re
at the same end as loading, and where the load may be a
ceptacle at the Load Station.
rotating barrel, basket, tray, tipping work crate, a rack of
FIGURE 3 is a top plan view ‘of the machine with the
work or a single large piece.
barrel receptacle at the Load Station and in dotted posi
._ A further object of the invention is to provide a ma
tions at an intermediate tank station and at the Unload
chine wherein the rotating work carrier, where it is a bar
rel, cylinder or other form of receptacle may be varied
FIGURE 4 is an end elevational view of the machine
in speed to suit each speci?c treatment tank, reverse rota 45 taken
from the right-hand end of FIGURE 1.
tion, stop, start rotation, all at the will of a control intel
FIGURE 5 is a vertical transverse sectional view taken
ligence designed to provide the variables necessary for
series of vats by an intelligence that cycles and controls
this single functional load of the machine, where this in
Station.
different processing baths, i.e.
(A) Cleaning for removal of dirt at high revolutions
-
.
on the line 5-5 of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 6 is an isometric view of the machine taken
from
the Load Station withvthe cover of the barrel re
50 ceptacle open to receive a load.
(B) Deburring, where different speeds are required, de
FIGURE 6A is a fragmentary isometric view taken on
pending on speci?c baths, deburring compounds, shapes
an enlarged scale of a portion of the barrel receptacle
and conditions of parts, solutions, density and composi
and cover showing a form of yieldable detent for holding
tion.
per minute.
.
(C) Salt bath treatments with subsequent cleaning 55 the cover in open or closed positions.
FIGURE 7 is also an isometric View being a blow-up of
cycle, drying, etc.
the Load Station end of the machine similar to FIG
(D) Fluxing and galvanizing where a work load may
URE
6 but with parts greatly magni?ed for clari?cation.
turn, pass through a top blanket in the kettle and opera~
FIGURE 8 is a vertical transverse sectional view taken
tions peculiar to hot galvanizing, tinning, etc., where a
on the line 8—8 in FIGURE 9 through the work carrier
control intelligence can perform many functions on the 60 carriage on an enlarged scale.
one operating work load of the machine.
FIGURE 9 is an end elevational view taken on a
(E) Very slow speeds to prepare a soft conversion coat
smaller scale looking from the left of FIGURE 8 at the
ing on the metal parts or materials, where the higher
drive end of the barrel receptacle.
speeds in prior treatments would rub off the coating as
FIGURE 10 is an edge elevational view of a form of
rapidly as applied, i.e., blackening, phosphating, blueing
trip device and limit switch which may be used at the
of metal surfaces, etc.
Load Station and showing a fragment of one of the paddle
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
arms engaging the stop member. .
.
,
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