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Патент USA US3023036

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Feb. 27, 1962
Filed Dec. 8, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
y? mi
Feb. 27, 1962
Filed Dec. 8, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
,F/6-4 A
0/4445: m 68/5067?
United States Patent Office
Patented 1 Feb. 27, 1962
. tion of the fender has suitably ?xed thereto a represen
tation of a stirrup, as indicated at 31.
Charles K. Griedcr, 32 Loyola Place, Oakland, NJ.
Filed Dec. 8, 1958, Ser. No. 778,333
'7 Claims. (Cl. 286-218)
The horizontal portions 32 of the bracket 25 are
welded to a seat 33, these welds being diagrammatically
O1 illustrated at 34 in FIG. 1 of the drawing. It will, thus,
be seen that the seat, plus the brackets 25 and the fender
27 become one unitary construction, all swingable about
the pivot 24.
This invention relates to galloping animal devices such,
The unit 16 comprises an elongated-tube or post 35,
for example, as a hobby horse. More particularly, the
invention deals with a device of this type and kind em
10 to the upper contracted end 36 of which is ?xed a cross—
handle bar 37 to be gripped by the operator in controlling
ploying a unitary manually actuated control adjacent
the seat of the device for governing forward and reverse
progress of the device, as well as a neutral position of the
Still more particularly, the invention deals with a 15
device of the character described employing automatical
ly actuated means for moving the head and tail of the
direction of travel of the device by rotation on a pin 38
detachably mounted in the sleeve 23 and in a bracket 39
welded to the tube 35, as diagrammatically illustrated
at 40 in FIG. 2 of the drawing. The bracket 39 is gen
erally U-shaped in form, as clearly noted in FIG. 1 of
the drawing.
Fixed to the outer surface of-the tube 35, adjacent
the upper end thereof, are side panels 41, characterizing
istic body movement of a predetermined animal.
The novel features of the invention will be best under 20 the front body portion and legs of an animal, such for
example, as a horse,- and also welded to the post, within
stood from the following description, when taken together
the panels 4-1, is an upwardly and forwardly extending
with the accompanying drawings, in which certain em
channel 42 supporting a pivot 43, upon which the char
bodiments of the invention are disclosed and, in which,.
device in all operations thereof to thereby similate real
acterization of a head 44 is mounted, the head ?tting
the separate parts are designated by suitable'reference
25 and operating in a rounded portion 45 of the plates 41,
characters in each of the‘ views and, in which:
as clearly noted in FIG. 1 of the drawing.
FIG. 1 is a substantial longitudinal sectional. View
Welded to the lower end of the tube 35 is a wheel sup
through a device made according to my invention, with
porting yoke 46, the weld being diagrammatically seen,
parts of the construction shown in elevation and parts
at 47 in FIG. 3 of the drawing. The yoke forms a sup
broken away, the full line position illustrating the neutral
port for a front axle 48, upon which the front wheel 49
position of the device and, in dot-dash lines, the device
is rotatably mounted.
is shown in a different or manually depressed position.
At the rear of the body unit is a tubular frame mem
FIG. 1A is an enlarged detail view of a part of the
ber 50, to the lower contracted end 51 of which is welded
construction shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged detail section on the line 2-—2
of FIG. 1, omitting background showing.
an elongated U-shaped bearing plate 52, this Welding
35 being diagrammatically illustrated at 53 in FIG. 4 of the
drawing. The plate 52 is apertured to receive a coupling
FIG. 3 is a sectional detail view through the front wheel
pin 54, which passes through the rear axle or shaft 55
of the device, with parts of the construction shown in
of the unit 17.
The shaft 55 is snugly engaged by the plate 52. The
FIG. 4 is a broken sectional view through the frame
supporting the rear wheels of the device, with parts of 40 pin 54 provides the detachable mounting of the unit 17
with respect to the member 50.
the construction shown in elevation.
Welded to end portions of the shaft 55, as seen at 56
FIG. 5 is a partial enlarged sectional view on the line
in FIG. 4 of the drawing, are elongated plates 57, out
5-5 of FIG. 4, illustrating the rear wheel braking
wardly of which the shaft 55 has collars 58, checking
mechanism in neutral position.
FIGS. 6 and 7 are views, similar to FIG. 5, showing 45 inward movement of rear wheels 59 rotatably mounted
on the outer end portions of the shaft 55.
the braking mechanism in the two controlled reverse and
Welded to outer surfaces of the frame member 50, at
forward operations of the device; and
the upper end therof, are a pair of L-shaped brackets,
FIG. 8 is a diagrammatic section and plan of the
one of which is indicated at 69 in FIG. 1 of the draw
pivotal mounting of the tail unit of the device and show
50 ing. These brackets are generally of the contour of the
ign parts in a different position in vdot-dash lines.
In illustrating one adaptation and use of my inven
tion, I have shown in FIG. 1 of the drawing a device
or mechanism characterized to represent a horse, the
brackets 25 and are pivoted, as seen at 61, to the rear
device comprising three primary units, namely the body
links, one of which is indicated at 62, the links being pref
end portion of the tubular frame 21.
’ Pivotally coupling the brackets 25 and 60 are a pair of
unit 15, a front wheel and leg unit 16 and a rear wheel 55 erab‘v arranged upon outer surfaces of the brackets 25
unit 17, the latter being readily detachable from the rear
leg 18 of the device. The device also includes two other
and 60 in order to clear the member 21.
The links 62 are pivoted to the bracket 25, as seen at
independently movable unit parts, namely the head part
63, and to the bracket 60, as seen at 64.
A spring 65 is coupled with the pin 64 and with a pin
19 and the tail part 20.
Turning now to the body part 15, this part includes 60 66 supported in the brackets 25. It will be noted that the
fender 27 is cutaway, as seen at 27', to provide free move
an elongated tubular body member 21, one end of which
ment of the spring 65. The spring 65 normally supports
is contracted, as indicated at 22 in FIG. 2 of the drawing,
the parts of the device in what may be termed the neu
and welded to a bearing sleeve 23.
tral position, as shown in full lines in FIG. 1 of the draw
Pivoted substantially centrally to the member 21, on
a pivot pin 24, note FIG. 1, are a pair of substantially 65 ing and, when the device is occupied by an operator ar
ranged upon the seat, the spring will be extended to a
L-shaped brackets, only one of which is indicated at
25, the depending portions 26 of the brackets being
degree governed by the weight of the occupant and will
be further extended in the operation of the device, as
welded to a tubular fender 27. the welds being diagram
later described.
matically illustrated at 28 in FIG. 1 of the drawing.
Suitably ?xed to the seat 33 are side plates 67, note
The fender 27 has a series of vertically spaced aper~ 70
FIG. 4 of the drawing, characterizing the rear body por
tures 29 for reception of a stirrup pin 30, which protrudes
tion and legs of the animal and one of these plates is in
beyond opposed sides of the fender 27. The lower por
dicated in FIG. 1 of the drawing. The forward portions
of the plates extend to a point normally overlapping rear
portions of side plates 68, which are characterized to
generally conform with the forward portions of the plate
67 and may be said to de?ne the forward body portion
of the animal, the plates 63 being disposed within the
plate 67 and suitably ?xed to the member 21.
Mounted in the member 21 and in the plates 68 is a
pivot pin 69 for pivotally supporting, within the member
21, a unitary operating lever 70, having a ball handgrip
end 71 disposed forwardly of the seat 33. The lever has
a lower offset portion 72 arranged within the tubular
member 21 and the member 21 is apertured, as seen at
rearwardly, the brake 82 will be moved into operative
engagement with the wheel 49, checking said wheel
against forward movement, thus allowing the device to
move rearwardly.
Fixed to the forward upper end of what might be
termed the saddle portion de?ned by the seat 33 and the
plates 67, as seen at 97, is a cord or cable 98, which
passes over a pulley 99 suitably supported in the plates
68 and, then, around a pulley 109 supported in the
channel 42 and, then, ?xed to the head 19, as seen at
101, at a point beyond the pivot 43 of said head. A pin
102 is ?xed in the head and operatively engages the
channel 42 in checking inward movement of the lower
portion of the head, particularly by action of a spring
73, to provide swinging movement of the lever 70 from
the neutral position, shown in full lines in FIG. 1, to for 15 103 ?xed to the channel 42 and to a pin 104 on the head.
ward and reverse positions, as indicated by the arrows F
and R of FIG. 1, designating forward and reverse move
ments. The member 21 is also apertured, as seen at 74,
to provide free movement of a ?exible shaft 75 coupled
with the extension 72 and passing downwardly through 20
a cable 76 ?xed to the post 35 at intervals, as indicated
at 77, the free end of the shaftg75 being coupled with a
cross-strap 78, as seen at 79, the cross-strap 78 being piv
oted to the bracket 46, as seen at 80. Note, in this con
It will be noted that the cord or cable 98 passes through
apertures 105 in the post 35, suf?cient clearance being
provided to compensate for swinging movement of the
front unit 16 on the pivot axis 38.
'With this construction, it will be apparent that, in
downward movement of the body portion or, in other
words, the saddle, a rearward pull will taken place on '
the cord or cable 98, resulting in swinging the head into
the dotted line position indicated in FIG. 1 of the draw
nection, FIG. 3 of the drawing.
25 mg.
The free ends of the cross-strap 78 have springs 81
It will, thus, be apparent that, in operation of the de
coupled therewith, note FIG. 1, and these springs, in turn,
vice in moving forwardly or backwardly, the head will
are coupled with a pair of brake shoes 82 and 83, the lat
nod upwardly and downwardly on the pivot 43.
ter being pivoted to the bracket 46, as indicated at 82'
In addition to the automatic operation of the head
and 83’.
30 unit 19, I also provide means for actuating the tail unit
Coupled with the lever 70, above the pivot 69, as at
20 and this structure is most clearly illustrated in FIG.
84, is another ?exible shaft 85, which extends through a
8. At the rear portion of what I term the saddle part
?exible tube 36 suitably supported in the rear portion of
of the body portion and suitably ?xed to the plates 67
the device, as diagrammatically noted in FIG. 1 of the
is a rearwardly and downwardly extending plate 166,
drawing, and down along the rear member 50‘to expose 35 having an arc-shaped aperture therein, which is illus
the lower end of the shaft 85 for coupling with a link 87.
trated by the section through the terminal ends of the
The link 87 is ?xed centrally to a transverse rod 88, note
FIG. 4 of the drawing, the rod having a bearing support
aperture, as seen at 107 and 167’ in FIG. 8.
The tail
unit 26 includes and inwardly extending bar or rod 108
which operates in the aperture 107, 1117', the rod being
in the lower end of the plates 57, as seen at 89. Welded
or otherwise ?xed to the ends of the rod 88, beyond the 40 pivoted, as seen at 109, to a bracket 1161, supported on
plates 57, are cross-straps 90, generally similar to the
the plate 106.
cross-straps 78.
The inner end of the rod 108 has an offset portion 111,
Considering FIGS. 5 to 7, inclusive, here are illus
- having an aperture 112 therein. An actuating link 113
trated the straps 90 as they appear in the neutral position
has a hock end 114 in the aperture 112. The link 113
of FIG. 5 and in the backward and forward operating 45 is pivoted to one of the links 62, as seen at 115, in FIG.
positions of the device, as noted in FIGS. 6 and 7.
1 of the drawing. It will, thus, be apparent that, as the
Considering FIG. 4 of the drawing, it will appear that‘
sleeves 91 are mounted on the shaft 55, between 57 and,
links 62 move into their several positions, the rod 168
will be swung in the arcuate path from the end 107 to
58, the sleeves having extending T-shaped brake actuat~
the end 107' and then back to the end 107. The sec
ing elements 92, the ends of the crossheads of which have 50 tional portion 106’ of the plate 106, between 107 and
inwardly extending ?nger portions 93 adapted to actuate
107' of FIG. 8, represents the portion within the arc
brake elements 94 pivoted to the plates 57, as seen at 95.
of- said ends. The pivot of the rod 108 at 199 is a free
Springs 96 couple the ends of the crosshead of 92 with
pivot to allow for the arcuate swinging of the tail unit 20.
the ends of the cross-straps 90.
From the foregoing, it will be apparent that, in any
It will appear that the brake unit for one wheel only 55 movement of the device, where the saddle portion of the
has been illustrated in FIGS. 5 to 7, inclusive. However,
device is reciprocated upwardly and downwardly by the
the unit for the other wheel is identical in construction.
occupant of the device, and that is, when the device may
Thus, the brief description of the one unit will apply to
be in its neutral non-advancing portion, or in its for—
both. FIG. 5 shows the brake element 94 in a raised
ward progress or rearward progress positions, the head
inoperative or neutral position which would provide free 60 and tail units 19 and 20 will be actuated in the manner
wheeling of the wheels 59. However, in operation of the
previously described.
lever 70 in a forward direction, it will appear that the
brake element 94 will be moved into engagement with the
wheel 59, as noted in FIG. 7, stopping rearward progress
When the occupant desires to move forwardly, the
lever 70 is moved forwardly from its neutral position,
thusv bringing the brake 83 into engagement with the
of the wheel 59; whereas, in pulling rearwardly on the 65 wheel 49 and the brake element 94 into the position
lever 70, the parts will be moved into the position of
shown in FIG. 7 to check rearward movement of the
FIG. 6, where the brake element 94 will check forward
whezls 59. Upon moving the lever 70 rearwardly or to
progress of the wheel 59 in the rear movement of the
the reverse position, the brake 82 will be moved into en
gagement with the wheel 49 and the brake 94 moved into
In the foregoing operations of the lever 70, when the 70 the‘ position shown in FIG. 6. It will be apparent that,
in downward pressure upon the stirrup pin 30, which
results in raising the‘ body of the occupant from the sad
lever is moved forwardly, a downward movement of
the rear end of the cross-strap 78 will move the brake
83 into engagement with the wheel 49 to prevent rear
dle or seat 33, the Wheels 49, 59 will move toward each
Ward movement thereof, thus freeing the wheel for for
other, due to action of the spring 65, after which, down
ward progress, In contrast, when the lever 70 is moved 75 ward pressure of the occupant upon the saddle or seat
made in sizes to suit drastic changes in the size of the
member of the front wheel comprises a pivoted cross
strap, a pair of pivoted brake elements operatively en
gaging said front wheel, tensional means coupling the
elements with end portions of the cross-strap, and the
operative engagement of the lever with said wheel brake
elements being through the medium of a ?exible shaft
respective occupants and proportionately the strength of
coupled with said cross-strap.
operates to spread the wheels in the manner controlled
by the position of the lever 71), as previously described.
By providing the several apertures 29, the stirrup pin
30 can be ?xed to suit the size of the occupant of the
device and it will be apparent that the devices may be
the spring 65 will be increased or decreased.
Many of the details pertaining to the structure of the
5. A vehicle as de?ned in claim 1, wherein the brake
members of the rear Wheels comprise plates ?xed to the
device as a whole have been omitted from a standpoint
axle supporting said wheels, a rod rotatably supported in
of simplifying the disclosure and the present construction
each of said plates, the rod supporting, at its ends, cross
straps, a wheel braking element pivotally supported in
connection with each of said plates, means comprising
constitutes a continuation-in-part of the structure dis
closed in my prior application Serial Number 761,324,
members rotatable on the rear axle and tensionally cou
?led September 16, 1958, issued in Patent Number 2,911,
226, November 3, 1959, in which certain of the struc 15 pled with end portions of said straps for controlling actu
ation of said brake. elements, and said rod being coupled
tural details are more speci?cally disclosed and, in par
with the actuating lever through a ?exible shaft.
ticular, the rubber bumpers, checking upward and down
6. In vehicles including a body member, a post mov
ward movement of what I have termed the saddle por
ably mounted at the forward end of said member, means
tion of the device.
Having fully described my invention what I claim as 20 supporting a front wheel at the lower portion of the post,
a frame member pivotally supported on the rear portion
new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
of the body member, a rear dual wheel unit coupled
1. A vehicle of the character described comprising a
.with said frame member, a seat pivotally coupled with
said body member between the post and frame member,
comprising a U-shaped bracket for supporting a front 25 means placing said seat in operative engagement with
said frame member, brake members at each of said
wheel at the lower portion of said post, a rear dual wheel
wheels, each of said brake members comprising a pivoted
unit, a frame member with which said unit is coupled,
cross-strap actuating wheel engaging means in controlling
means pivotally supporting the frame member on the
body member, a front wheel supporting post movably
mounted on the forward end of said member, means
rear portion of the body member, a seat pivotally cou
forward and reverse progress of the vehicle, a manually
pled with the body member between the post and frame 30 actuated lever pivotally mounted in connection with the
body member ‘between the seat and post, means directly
member, means placing the seat in operative engagement
coupled with said lever and the cross-strap of the front
with said frame member, brake members in operative en
gagement with the front and rear wheels of the vehicle, a
wheel for actuating the wheel engaging means of said
front wheel, and other means directly coupled with said
manually actuated lever pivotally supported in connec
tion with the body member adjacent the forward por 35 lever and in operative engagement with the cross~straps
of the rear wheels for actuating the wheel engaging means
tion of the seat, means directly coupledwith said lever
of said rear wheel, whereby actuation of said lever will
for actuating the front wheel brake member, and other
simultaneously actuate the cross-straps of all wheels in
means directly coupled with said lever for actuating the
controlling the forward and reverse progress of the ve
brake members of said rear wheels, whereby operation of
said lever will simultaneously actuate the brake mem 40 hicle.
7. A vehicle as de?ne-d in claim 6, wherein the wheel
bers of all wheels in controlling forward and reverse
engaging means of all wheels is actuated through ten
progress of the vehicle.
sional means.
2. A vehicle as de?ned in claim 1, wherein both means
directly coupled with said lever comprise ?exible shafts 45
extending from said lever to the brake- members of the
front and rear wheels.
3. A vehicle as de?ned in claim 1, wherein the brake
members of said Wheels comprise a pivoted cross-strap at
each of the wheels, and brake elements actuated by the 50
cross-strap through tensional means.
4. A vehicle as de?ned in claim 1, wherein the brake
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Calleson _____________ ..- Dec. 6,
Laborda _____________ __ Dec. 29,
Schoebel _____________ __ Apr. 21,
Rand _______________ __ Mar. 13,
Grieder ______________ __ Nov. 3,
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