Match the words and phrases with russian equivalents protect nature throw away litter spoil the environment turn off damage nature poison habitat destroy wildlife reduce pollution recycle waste reuse выключать разрушать дикую природу яд, отравлять бросать мусор уменьшать загрязнение защищать природу портить окружающую среду отходы использовать повторно перерабатывать естественная среда повреждать природу Choose the best way to define these 1.Dirty water, air and atmosphere; pollution 2.Making water, air, atmosphere dirty and dangerous for people and animals to live in; 3.People who make water, air and atmosphere dirty and dangerous. 1.air, water and land in which people, animals and plants live; environment 2.An organization that wants to protect the natural world; 3.Something that we do to prevent air and water pollution. 1.Plants growing in some area; ecology 2.Part of medicine that helps people to lead a healthy life; 3.Natural balance between plants, animals, people and their environment. Pollution in its many forms (water pollution, air pollution, nuclear pollution); Disposing of solid waste Shortage of natural resources (metals, different kinds of fuel); Noise and burned gases from cars, buses, planes, ets; Destruction of wildlife and countryside beauty; Translate some Russian phrases into English 1.решать проблемы окружающей среды; 2.угрожать жизни людей, подвергать опасности; 3.загрязнение водной среды; 4.загрязнение воздуха; 5.загрязнение и уничтожение живой природы; 6.промышленные отходы; 7.сливать отходы в реки, озёра, моря. What environmental problems do the animals see? problem fact Water Many rivers and pollution lakes are poisoned. Fish and reptiles can‘t live in them. In such places all birds leave their habitat and many plants die. If people drink this water they can die too. cause decision There is not enough oxygen in the water. Factories and plants produce a lot of waste and pour it into the rivers. So they poison the water. Factories use clean water. After the water is used it becomes poison which goes back into the rivers, lakes and seas. Factories must have cleaning buildings and don‘t pour waste into the rivers, lakes and seas. problem fact Air Air become pollution polluted in many ways. Dirt, smoke and gases in the air may be carried away by wind and by air currents, or settle over as a blanket of smog. cause decision Cars, buses and planes are among the worst polluters. They send pertly burned gases into the air. Air can be also polluted by smoke and gases from factories;some of the harmful gases that pour in the air are invisible Today many factories use devices to reduce the smoke, dust or harmful gases. Special kinds of gasoline for cars can help reduce air pollution. More efficient engines can help too. problem «Acid rain» fact cause decision Also the most serious pollution problem «acid rain». This «acid rain»kills fish and trees. It slowly destroy everything. This happens when factories send gases and chemicals into the air. There they mix, and the mixer is carried for hundreds of miles by the wind and finally falls back to earth. Industrial countries should control their level of pollution and try to reduce the acid rain effect, have good filters at factories, in cars and buses. What useful pieces of advice can you give? Leave wild flowers for others to enjoy. People recycle paper, cans and glass. Plant trees to make homes for birds and animals. Be a friend to fish. Don't throw litter into the rivers. Help to keep all water clean. Respect the life and work of the countryside. Never draw or paint on the trees. Feed birds in winter. Don't hunt animals. Put your litter in the bin. Never cut down baby trees. Keep your country tidy! Get ready to discuss the following questions 1.Could you name the three most urgent ecological dangers to our planet? Give specific arguments. 2.Can the pupils of your school do anything to improve the environmental situation? 3.Speak about the environmental problems of your region. We are for healthy planet! It is our motherland.