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Патент USA US3023621

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March 6, 1962
3,023,603
R. c. BOWEN
KEY HOLDER
,
Filed Aug. 29, 1958
'
INVENTOR.
v ROBERT C. BOWEN
United States Patent 0 F
1
Patented Mar. 6, 1962
2
plates of which it is comprised, will be described as laying
3,023,603
KEY HOLDER
3,023,603
v
.
Robert C. Bowen, 2355 Orchard St., Muskegon, M1ch.,
assignor of one-half to Kenneth L. Lane, Muskegon,
Mich.
Filed Aug. 29, 1958, Ser. No. 758,020
2 Claims. (Cl. 70—456)
This invention relates to a key holder case, in general,
?at so that the edges are either side edges or ends without
requiring quali?cation as to top or bottom.
The plates 11-15 have a reverse symmetry such as
enables keys to be pivotally mounted at each end of the
plates and be received within opposite side edges thereof.
The reversed symmetrical form of the case is thus both
functional and pleasing in appearance.
A projection 20 is formed at each end of each of the
and more particularly to a key case including means for 10 plates 11-15. A hole 21 is formed centrally through the
ejecting a key from the case for ready use.
projections 20 to receive a key retaining fastener 22.
Numerous different key cases are known. Some of
Another hole 23 is formed through opposite corners of
these include means of holding a key in a biased position
each plate to receive a retainer 24 for the key ejector
in the key case and later causing the key to be ejected
means 25. The plates 11-15 are also formed with a thumb '
from the case for use. Although key holder and ejector 15 or ?nger receptive cutout portion 26 at the other corners.
cases are known they have generally proven too expensive
The wall forming plates 11-15 may be of any suitable
to manufacture and assemble, too clumsy and awkward
material. It is preferable to use a thin walled material
to operate, or subject to failure and therefore not accept
of lightweight and of a durable nature; such as of alumi
able to the general public.
num, plastic or the like. It has been found most advan
It is an object of this invention to disclose an improved 20 tageous to have the outer walls 11 and 15 of a plastic ma
terial, which can include some ornamentation vand color,
from the case so that they are readily accessible for use.
while the inner walls 12, 13 and 14 are of thin walled
Another object of this invention is to disclose a sim
stamped aluminum.
key holder case having means for selectively ejecting keys
pli?ed means of biasing latch keys for quick ejection from
a key case.
It is also an object of this invention to disclose an
The inner wall plates 12, 13 and 14 are disposed in
25 parallel spaced relation to each other to provide the key
receptive spaces 30 and 31. The plates are held in spaced
ejector for latch keys which is simple and inexpensive to
manufacture and install, and is trouble free in operation.
relation by spacers 32 received on one of the key or
These and other objects and advantages in the practice
formed in the peripheral edge of the plates 12-14. The
ejector retainers, 22 or 24. These retainers are commonly
Still another object of this invention is to disclose a
known telescoping threaded fasteners commonly used on
simpli?ed form of key case construction wherein a plu 30 leather key cases. In the present instance the spacers 32
rality of separate plates of identical peripheral contour
are on the shank of the ejector retainer 24.
are secured together in parallel spaced relation to provide
The key ejector 25 is a simple formed spring wire mem
key receptive spaces therebetween.
ber, shown by FIG. 3. It includes a part 40 that is closely
A further object of this invention is to disclose a sim
coiled to be easily received within the key receptive spaces
pli?ed key ejector particularly well adapted for use with 35 30 and 31 on.one of the spacers 32. One end 41 of the
the key case construction of this invention.
ejector spring is formed for engagement within a slot 42
of this invention will be more apparent in the illustration
other end 43 is disposed to extend within the key recep
and description of a working embodiment of the inven
tive spaces 30 and 31. The extended end 43 of the spring
40 wire member is bent back on itself in the plane of the
tion, as hereinafter set forth.
In the drawings:
edge of the key shank it will engage, as shown by FIG. 3.
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the key case of
This provides a larger surface area 44 to engage the key
this invention having parts cut away, in progression, to
shank and prevent the ejector spring from slipping past
better illustrate its construction.
the key. The far end, or bight, 45 of the spring wire
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the key case.
45 member is also formed to dispose the surface area for
FIG. 3 is a perspective View of one of the spring wire
better engagement with the key shank.
ejectors.
.
Latch keys 50 are readily received within the key re
The key holder and ejector case of this invention in
ceptive spaces 30 and 31 with their enlarged ends 51 en
cludes a plurality of wall forming plates secured together
gaged on the key fasteners or retainers 22. The ?at edge
and in parallel spaced relation to provide key receptive
of the key shank 52 is disposed for engagement by the end
spaces therebetween. The wall forming plates are each
of the ejector spring '25. The unbiased engagement of a
reversely symmetrical and together form a key case which
key 50 with an ejector spring 25 will normally leave a
will receive keys in a nested arrangement. The case is
part of the key exposed within the cutout 26 of the key
further formed to include a thumb or ?nger receptive
case. By using one’s thumb or ?nger to depress the ex
- cutout near where the enlarged end of a key is pivotally 55 posed part of the key, against the effort of the ejector
mounted in the key case. The shank of the key is en
gaged by biasing means and the cutout enables forcing
the key into the case against the resistance of the biasing
spring 25, the key is fully received within the key space
and in a loaded condition.
Thumb or ?nger operated slides 60 are mounted on the
means. A thumb or ?nger slide is used to hold the key
side edges of the key case 10 and have detents 61 which
in a loaded position within the key case by holding the 60 extend within the key receptive spaces 30 and 31 for en
key shank in engagement with the biasing means. When
gagement with the key edge of the latch keys 50. The
the slide is released the key is ejected from the key holder
detents 61 have arcuate cam surfaces facing in the direc
case.
tion of movement of the slides when they are moved to
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the key holder case 10 is
key latching position. The cam surfaces of the detent
shown to include a plurality of wall forming plates, iden 65 61 make it easy to force the key shank against the bias
ti?ed by numerals 11 through 15. These plates all have
of the springs. The plates 12-14 are formed to include
the same peripheral outline or contour. Accordingly,
guide slots 62 near their side edges. The slides 60 have
reference numerals will be used as in the description of
a guide pin 63 extended through the detents 61 and re
a single one of the plate members, though it is to be
ceived in engagement with the guide slots 62. The guide
understood that each plate includes the same general 70 slots 62 extend towards the ends of the key case'suf?cient
features. Further, the key case and accordingly the
ly to enable locking engagement of detents 61 with the
8,023,603
3
(and on each side of the key case)‘ are Separately oper
able to release and hold different latch keys.
The outer key holder plates 11 and 15 do not include
?rst fastener means removably and pivotally securing the
enlarged end of a latch key between said spaced plates
the guide slots 62 for the slides 60, nor the peripheral
slots 42 for locating the ejector springs 25. Accordingly
near one end thereof, a second fastener means remote
from‘ said ?rst fastener means, a spring wire member
mounted on said second fastener means and having’ one
end engaged to one of said spaced plates, the other‘ end
they serve to obscure these features as well as to protect
the slots from being inadvertently‘ obstructed.
Assembly‘
4,
metrical peripheral contours, means securing said plates
together and in parallel ?xed spaced relation, said spaced
plates de?ning latch key receptive spaces therebetween,
keys 50. The slides for each of the key spaces 30 and 31
10 of said spring wire member extending within the key
receptive space between said spaced plates and a portion
thereof being doubled, said extended end of said spring
modate'four'latch keys. A key case ‘for more or less keys
wire member engaging the shank of said latch key and
is easily provided by adding another divider wall, suit
biasing it toward the side edges of said spaced plates,
able spacers and ejector springs or by removing‘ one of
15 said doubled portion of said spring wire member substan
the‘ walls 12-14, its spacers, and ejector springs.
tially occupying the space between said spaced plates to
The key case is assembled by having the face plate 15
prevent said key shank from bypassing said spring wire,
and an inner wall plate 14 arranged together and with
and a thumb slide operatively mounted between said
the stud ends of fasteners 24 disposed through the holes
spaced plates and exposed at the side edges thereof for
23. Spacers 32 are placed on the retainers 24. The
holding the shank of said key in biased engagement with
coiled part 40 of an ejector spring 25 is received over 20 the extended end of said spring wire member, said slide
each spacer. The short end 41 of the wire springs is
having a cam surface facing in the direction of- move
engaged in slot 42 of plate 14. The other space de?ning
ment of said slide when it is moved to key latching posi
walls‘ 13’and-12, their spacersSZ, and ejector springs 25,
tion, said spring wire member being effective to eject
are assembled in the same order. The outer face plate 25 said key from said spac'e’upon the disengagement of said
11 is‘last' assembled and the threaded part of fasteners
thumb- slide therewith, and a thumb receptive cutout
24 is used to hold the parts assembled.
,
formed in said plates for exposing said key as disposed
Latch keys 50 may be added, or changed, by merely
in- unbiased engagement with said spring wire member,
removing the telescoping threaded fasteners 22 and in
said cutout enabling the pivotal movement of said key
serting the head of a key within one of the key spaces 31
shank into biased engagement with said spring wire mem
and 32, so that the fastener holds it pivotally engaged.
her and engaged relation under said thumb slide.
The rest of‘ the assembly is’ not disturbed in the chang
2. A multiple key holder, comprising: a plurality of
The key case 10, shown by the drawings, will accom
ing of latch keys. Only changing the capacity of the key
case requires diassembly of the structure.
Operation
wall forming plates having identical and reversely sym
metrical peripheral contours, means securing said plates
35 together and in parallel ?xed spaced relation, said spaced
plates de?ning latch key receptive spaces therebetween,
?rst fastener means removably and pivotally securing the
enlarged end of latch keys between said spaced plates
near the ends thereof, second fastener means remote from
portion-.26, the key shank 52 is moved into the key space 40 said ?rst fastener means, spring wire members on said
second fastening means and each having one end en
against the force of the biasing spring wire member 25.
g'aged to said spaced plates, the other ends of said spring
The thumb slide 60 is pulled over so that its detent por
wire members extending within the key receptive spaces
tion 61.. engages the key surface of the key shank 52.
between said spaced plates, said other ends of said spring
This? locks the key in a spring loaded condition within
wire members engaging the shanks of said latch keys
the key case;
45
and biasing them toward the side edges of said spaced
To eject a key 50 from the case 10, the slide 60, for
platen, guide slots formed in certain of said spaced
the chosen key, is moved so that its detent 61 is disen
plates near the side edges thereof and obscured by cer
gaged from the‘ key. As the detent slides over the end
tain other of the spaced plates, and thumb slides opera
of the key shank 52,- the ejector spring 25 snaps the key
tively engaged with said guide slots and exposed at the
into an ejected position.
50
side edges of said plates, said thumb slides having cam
When the key 50 is ?ipped out of the case 10, the
surfaces facing in the direction of movement of said
ejector spring 25’ will not protrude from the case._ The
slides when they are moved to key latching position, said
engagement of the short end 41 of the ejector spring 25
A latch key 50 is received in the key case‘ 10 within
one of the key receiving spaces 30 or 31. By pressing‘
down on the part of the key exposed in the thumb cutout
slidesbeing' operative between positions engaging said
within the slot 42 serves to bothset: and limit the unbiased
position of the spring end~43.
While a preferred embodiment of this invention has
been described, it will be understoodthat other modi?ca
tions and improvementsmay be made thereto. Such of
these modi?cations and improvements as incorporate the
55
key shanks in biased relation with said spring wires and
in disengaged relation thereto for the spring wire ejection
thereof from said key receptive spaces.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
principles of this invention are to be considered as in 60
cluded in the hereinafter appended claims unless these
claims by their language expressly state otherwise.
I claim:
1. A multiple key holder, comprising: a plurality of
wall forming plates having identical and reversely sym 65
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,974,558‘
Andis ______________ __ Sept. 25, 1934
2,295,123
2,618,958
Mudrich _____________ __ Sept. 8, 1942
Goodson ____________ __ Nov. 25, 1952
2,851,872
Stow
__. _____________ __
Sept. 16, 1958
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