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Патент USA US3023920

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March 6, 1962
R. A. scHLEss, JR
3,023,910
SUPPORT FOR SLIDING SHELVES
Filed Jan. 24, 1957
2 Sheets-Shee'h 1
March 6, 1962
R, A. scHLEss, JR
3,023›910
SUPPORT FOR sLIDING SHELVES
Filed Jan. 24, 1957
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IN VEN TOR.
BY W
A TTOR NE YS
States
3,023,9lü
atent G "
Patented Mar. 6, 1962
1
2
lines 10-10 and 11-11, respectively, of FIGURE v9;
3,023,910
and
SUPPORT FOR SLIDlNG SHELVES
FIGURE 12 is a greatly enlarged sectional view taken
Robert A. Schless, Jr., Stray Winds, Elizabethtown, N.Y.;
,on the line 12-12 of FIGURE 9.
FIGURE 1 shows two panels 11 and 12, made of sheet
Shirley E. Schless and William R. La Flure, executors
of said Robert A. Schless, Jr., deceased
Filed Jan. 24, 1957, Ser. No. 636,087
2 Claims. (Cl. 211-143)
material, preferably thermo-plastic material. These
panels 11 and 12 can be attached to confronting surfaces
on the side walls of a cabinet or they can be attached to
confronting walls in a recess of a room when used for
Thís invention relates to furniture and more especially
to constructions that are more economical for either
portable or built-in furniture.
making built-in furniture. FIGURE 1 shows the panel
More particularly, the 10 11 located in front of a low partition wall 14 at one end
invention relates to a modular construction, for drawer
of a built-in seat 16; and the panel 12 is shown in front
slides and drawers, which makes possible the interchange
of a wall 18 of the room.
The walls 14 and 18 are parallel to one another and
able use of different size drawers with the same slide
structure.
when the panels 11 and 12 are attached to the confront
It is an object of this invention to provide an improved
ing surfaces of these walls, preferably by adhesive, draw
furniture construction for drawers and more especially
ers 21, 22 and 23 are inserted between the panels and
for modular drawers and slides. Another object is to
are supported by drawer slide surfaces 25 eXtending out
provide a plastic construction for the drawers and slides
wardly at an angle to the Vertical surfaces of the panels
with some resilience whereby the parts are prevented from
11 and 12, and preferably normal to these Vertical sur
ever binding or jamming, and whereby it becomes prac 20 faces.
tical to make the parts with greater manufacturing toler
While the built-in seat 16 and its end partition 14 are
ances.
constructed for the purpose of providing a support for
It is another object of the invention to provide a furni
the panel 11, it will be understood that houses can be
ture component consisting of a panel of sheet material
25 designed with recessed parts of a room having the con
with some areas thereof displaced to provide surfaces
fronting side walls of the recesses spaced by the required
that serve as drawer slides when similar panels are used
distance for accommodating built-in drawers. The panels
11 and 12 have their slide surfaces at modular spacing
ing walls in a recessed space of a room where built-in
so that several panels can be used one above the other
drawers are desired. The dísplaced areas may form orna
30 upwardly along the wall to provide a high group of draw
mental designs. These furniture components are prefer
ers, and panels can be cut along horizontal lines at proper
ably plastic and of a construction that permits manufac
spacing from the modular slide surfaces for accommodat
ture by vacuum forming. There is a symmetry by which
ing groups of drawers which are not even multiples of
as liners of a drawer cabinet or are attached to confront
a panel can be used on either the right or left side of
the standard sized panels. This invention, therefore, pro
the space within which the drawers are to be located.
35 vides architects with e?icient and economical components
Another feature of the invention relates to the con
for built-in drawers in new and remodeled houses.
struction of the drawers, and includes drawer contours
that nroduce a strong drawer from relatively thin thermo
It will be evident that the panels 11 and 12 can be
attached as liners within a cabinet in substantially the
plastic material, and a drawer that can be made economi
cally by vacuum forming. Modular construction makes
drawers of different size interchangeable in the space
between the supporting slide panels.
Other objects, features and advantages of the invention
same way as they are attached to confronting walls in
It will also be evident that the panels 11 and 12
can be used as the side walls of a cabinet when making
40 a room.
portable furniture, it merely being necessary that the
panels be connected to suitable edge bracing or connec
tions whereby they are secured to the top, back, or other
will appear or be pointed out as the description proceeds.
In the drawing, forming a part hereof, in which like 45 parts of portable furniture in which they are included.
reference characters indicate corresponding parts in all
FIGURE 2 shows a sectional view through the upper
the views;
part of the panel 11. The modular distance between
FIGURE l is an exploded view showing the drawers
successive slide surfaces 25 is indicated by the dimension
and panels of this invention, and illustrating .the way in
arrow 27. The uppermost slide surface 25 is spaced
which the panels are 1tocated with respect to confronting 50 from the top of the panel by a distance of -one-half
walls of a room for making built-in furniture;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary sectional view
showing two modular drawers of diiferent size lin assem
bled relation with one of the slide panels;
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary elevation of a slide panel 55
with discontínuous slide surfaces;
FEGURE 4 is a greatly enlarged sectional view taken
on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 5 is an elevation of a modi?ed form of slide
module.
The surfaces 25 are on projections formed by
displacing areas of the Sheet material from which the
panel 11 is made.
Å
In the preferred construction, the panel 11 is im
perforate and made of thermo-plastic material with pro
jections of such shape as can be made by vacuum form
ing. For greater strength, the projections 28 are of gen
erally triangular cross section in a Vertical plane, as
shown clearly in FIGURE 2. These projections 28 may
panel with the displaced areas shaped and correlated to 60 be continuous in a _horizontal direction, but they are pref
produce ornamental designs;
erably of relatively short horizontal length so as to provide
FIGURE 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 6-6
a discontínuous slide surface 25, as shown in FIGURE 3.
of FIGURE 5;
This discontínuous surface has several advantages. One
is greater strength and another is reduced friction with
FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary elevation showing another
modi?ed form of slide panel;
65 the drawers. There are preferably retaining guide projec
,
FIGURE 8 is a sectional view taken on the _line 8-8
of FIGURE 7;
.
tions '30 located just above the slide surfaces 25. These
projections 30 are areas displaced from the sheet '14 in
the same way as the other projections 28, but they need
FIGURE 9 is a top plan view of one of the drawers
not be discontínuous because they support no weight and
similar to those shown in FIGURES 1 and 2 but con
70 seldom entail any consideration of friction.
structed with a step for nesting;
Referring again to FIGURE 2, Åthe upper drawer 22 is
FIGURES 10 and 11 are sectional views taken on the
made of a single Sheet of plastic material shaped to provide
3
a bottom 31, a side wall 32, a top lip 33, a downwardly
extending portion 34 beyond the top edge, and a ridge
35 extending outwardly across the slide surface 25 of the
panel 11, and under the retaining guide projection 30.
T_he drawer 22 is the minimum heíght of drawer for
the modular construction of the panel 11. The height
4
or tilting upwardly away from their supporting slide
surfaces.
If the panel 41 is turned on its side, then discontinuous
slide surfaces are provided for the drawers at the spacings
indicated by the lines 61, 62, 63 and 64. Since the panel
41 is not square, it Will be evident that the same panel
can be used at a location requiring a height of ?ve'
modules or a height of four modules by merely turning
the panel. It will be evident that other panels can be
by a distance of one module.
`
The lower drawer 23 is of similar construction to the 10 constructed having an desired ratio of modules in the dif
ferent directions.
drawer 22 with the exception that it has a side wall 32'
FIGURES 7 and 8 show another panel 66 having
which is higher than the side wall 32 of the upper
groups of projections 68 alternating with larger projections
drawer 22. The drawer 23 has a height equal to two
69, to form an ornamented surface. The levels of the
modules, but its ridge 35 is located at the same distance
below the lip 33 as in the case of the shallower drawer 22; 15 different discontinuous slide surfaces provided by these
projections are indicated by lines 51-55 and 61-64, as
and all drawers used with the panel 11 have their ridges
in the case of FIGURES 5 and 6.
35 located at the same distance below the top lip of the
FIGURE 9 is a top plan view of a drawer which is simi
drawer.
lar to the drawer 21 except that it has an offset or step 71
' It will be evident that the drawer 23 can be used inter
changeably with the drawer 22 as the upper drawer. The 20 in its side wall for nesting one drawer into another for
shipment. Parts of the drawer corresponding to the
only limitation on the drawer sides is that the sum of the
drawer 21 of FIGURES l and 2 are indicated by the
sides of all the drawers of the group must be equal to
same reference characters with a prime appended. The
the height of the panels which provide the slide surfaces
offset or step 71 is at the level of the bottom surface
25. Within this limitation, the group of drawers can in
clude more or fewer drawers, as desired; and larger 25 of the ridge 35'. This drawer has a back wall 73 and a
front wall 75. The lip 33' is preferably continuous
drawers can be substituted in place of smaller drawers,
around the entire periphery of the drawer. Along the
and vice versa.
front wall 75, the lip 33' ?ares outwardly across a por
At both ends of'each row of projections 28 there are
tíon of the width of the drawer to provide a handle or
other projections 38 which are differently shaped to serve
as stops for the drawers as well as portions of the dis 30 pull 78. In order to stiffen the bottom 31', there are ribs
79 formed in the Sheet material of which the drawer is
continuous drawer slides. These stops prevent the drawers
made.
from being pushed in too far and thus maintain the front
In order to obtain a decorative effect, a Wood ?ller 81
surface of the drawers, when closed, along a common
is inserted between the drawer front 75 and the down
plane. Although the stops 38 at the rearward end of the
of the drawer 22 is equal to one module; and the bottomV
of the ridge 35 is located below the top of the lip 33
panel does not perforrn any stop function, they are pro 35 wardly extending portion of the lip 33'. This wood ?ller
may be attached to the drawer by adhesive but, experi
vided so as to obtain symmetry which permits the same
ence has shown that adhesive is not necessary if the ?ller
81 ?ts snugly into the space between the drawer front 75
side of a group of drawers.
and the downwardly extending portion of the lip 33'.
With either built in or portable furniture, any cover
The front face of the wood ?ller 81, or at least the por
over the top drawer can be made to end flush with the 4.0
tion which is visible below the lip 33', is preferably made
plane of the fronts of the drawers, or back from or ex
panel to be used at either the right-hand or left-hand
tending beyond said plane as desired.
of wood having attractive grain and is stained and var
nished to harmonize with the other furniture or Wood
When the slide panels are to be used as the side walls
work of the room. The Wood ?ller 81 is of a size to reach
of a piece of portable furniture, it may be desirable to
vhave the displaced areas shaped and related so as to pro 45 the bottom level of the drawer so that when a group of
drawers are in closed positions, the bottom of each Wood
«vide ornamental designs. FIGURE 5 shows a panel 41
with ornamental designs. This panel has an edge region
?ller 81 reaches substantially to the top of the lip 33' of
the next drawer below with merely the clearance neces
sary to prevent contact of the drawers with one another.
The preferred embodiment of the invention and some
border 43 is displaced outwardly around the entire perim 50
eter of the panel adjacent to the edge region 42. Within
modi?cations have been illustrated and described, but
`changes and modiñcations can be made and some fea
the outline provided by the border 43, there is a ?eld 44
tures used in different combinations without departing
from which areas of the sheet are displaced inwardly
to form projections 46, 47 and 48. These projections are
from the invention as de?ned in the claims.
located in groups, as shown in FIGURE 5, and the pro 55
What is claimed is:
1. A furniture component comprising a plastic panel
jections in each group are spaced from one another,
42 which may be considered as the plane of the original
sheet from which the panel is made. A continuous
preferably in both Vertical and horizontal directions. The
having a plane outside surfacewith a plurality of depres
upper surfaces of the lower projections 46 across the
sions therein, said depressions constituting projections pro
truding from the inside surface of the panel and some of
upper part of the ?eld 44 provide discontinuous slide sur
faces at the level indicated by the line 51. The top edges 60 which are spaced from one another along a horizontal
of the upper projections 47 also provide part of the slide
line and comprise a discontinuous surface for supporting.
surface at the level of the line 51. The upper surfaces
a drawer at a ?rst level of the panel, other projections
of the lower projections 47 and 48 provide discontinuous
spaced from one another along a horizontal line and com
slide surfaces at the level indicated by the line 52.
prising a second discontinuous surface for supporting a
Similarly. surfaces of others of the projections 46. 47 65 drawer at another level of the panel and there are other
and 48 provide discontinuous slide surfaces at levels indi
projections comprising discontinuous surfaces at still other
cated by the lines 53` 54 and 55. These lines are equally
levels, and some of the projections of the different discon
spaced and the panel 41 retains the modular feature of
the panels previously described. ~ If the panel 41 is turned
tinuous surfaces are in line with corresponding projec
tion at other levels to form discontinuous surfaces for sup
upside down. discontinuous slide surfaces are provided 70 porting drawers at various levels when the panel is turned
90° in the plane of said panel, the projections being
at substantially the same lines 51-55, as will be evident
shaped to present similar contact surfaces for the drawers
from the groupings of the projections 46, 47 and 48. For
in either position.
each level of slide surfaces there are projections 46, 47 or
2. A furniture component comprising a plastic panel
48 located above the slide surfaces to provide restraining
guide projections for preventing the drawers from lifting 75 'having a plane outside surface with -a plurality of depres
5
sions therein, said depressions constituting projections
protruding from the inside surface of the panel and some
of which are spaced from one another along a horizontal
line and comprise a discontinuous surface for supporting
-a drawer at a ?rst level of the panel, other projections
spaced from one another and comprising a second dis
continuous surface for supporting a drawer at another
level of the panel, different ones of the projections being
of different shape in the plane of the panel, and some of
the projections being in groups with similarly shaped pro 10
jections and in designs which provide ornarnentation on
the outside surface of the panel, while at the same
time serving as supports for drawers on the inside sur
face of the panel, and in which different groups of pro
jections have some of their projections spaced from one 15
another on opposite sides of a Vertical line, and others
of the projections are spaced from one another on op
posite sides of a horizontal line, and some groups have
their projections spaced from one another on opposite
6
sides of the same Vertical and horizontal lines as other
groups.
References Citetl in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
434,044
469,542
747,685
992,253
1,513,429
1,851,192
2,101,582
2,168,172
2,219,439
2,599,240
2,696,419
2,800,380
'Estey ______________ .__ Aug. 12, 1890
Clapp _______________ __ Feb. 23, 1892
Coye _______________ __ Dec. 22,
Richardson __________ __ May 16,
Schmitz _____________ __ Oct. 28,
Lange ______________ ___ Mar. 29,
Ho? _________________ __ Dec. 7,
Rees ________________ __ Aug. 1,
Blomqvist ____________ __ Oct. 29,
Ellerson _____________ __ June 3,
Wallance ____________ __ Dec. 7,
Baker ______________ __ July 23,
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