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Патент USA US3023938

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March 6, 1962
E. G. ETES
3,023,928
vENDlNG MACHINE:
Filed June 3, 1957
77
75
/7
/ßj O
/33
'3 Sheets-Silea?l 1
Q; ______\_______"__ ____________
March 6, 1962
E. G. ETES
3,023,928
vENDlNG MACHINE
Filed June 3, 1957
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
March 6, 1962
E. G. ETES
3,023,928
VENDlNG MACHINE
Filed June 5, 1957
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
//5
United States Patent
ice
3,023,928
Patented Mar. 6, 1962-`
i
2
3,923,928
the like and for convenience is shown and described here
in as a newspaper vending machine, it being understood
that the term newspaper as used hereinafter in the specifi
VENDEN@ MACHENE
Elmer G. Etes, Rockford, Ill., assigner, by mesne assign
ments, to The Newsomatic Corporation, Beloit, Wis.,
cation and claims includes newspapers, magazines, and
similar articles.
In general, the vending machine includes a protectivel
housing 10, a dispensing mechanism 11 and a mechanism
indicated generally by the numeral 12 for advancing a
This invention relates to vending machines and more
stack of newspapers towards the dispensing mechanism
particularly to an improved vending machine for maga 10 of the vending machine to be dispensed thereby. The
zines, newspapers and the like.
vending machine is preferably mounted to support a stack
An important object of this invention is the provision
of newspapers and the like in an upright-position and the
of a vending machine for newspapers and the like which
housing 10 is formed with a bottom wall 15, opposed end
is dependable in operation in all conditions of use.
walls 16 and 17 and opposed side walls 18 and 19 to
Another object of this invention is the provision of a 15 thereby form a protective enclosure having an open top.
vending machine in which a stack of newspapers or the
Conveniently, the housing may be mounted so that the
like may be expeditiously inserted or removed.
side wall 18 forms the real wall of the housing and the
Another object of this invention is the provision of a
side wall 19 forms the front Wall thereof and a cover 21
vending machine in which the entire dispensing mech
is hingedly mounted to the upper end of one of the side
anism can be rapidly and easily removed from the pro
walls, such as 18, as by the hinge 22, to overlie the open
tective housing to permit repair or replacement of the dis
top of the housing and form an enclosure therewith for
pensing mechanism without necessitating removal of the
the stack of newspapers and the dispensing mechanism.
housing from its mounting.
For reasons-set forth more fully hereinafter, the frontv
A further object of this invention is the provision of a
wall 19 is formed with an elongated vertical slot 23 located
vending machine in which the dispensing mechanism is 25 adjacent one end of the housing, and an enlarged view
mounted on a panel separate from the protective housing
opening 24 having a protective transparent panel 25 over
a corporation of Wisconsin
Filed .lune 3, 1957, Ser. No. 663,126
18 Claims. (Cl. 221-40)
so that deformation or mutilation of the housing, as by
lying the latter, which View opening permits inspection of
vandals, will not readily cause damage to the dispensing
a portion of the front page of the newspapers stacked in
the housing.
1
mechanism, and which panel and dispensing mechanism
are readily removable to facilitate reshaping of the hous 30
lng.
In accordance with the present invention, the dispensing
mechanism 11 is mounted solely on a panel 28 which'is>
Yet another object of this invention is the provision of
removably mounted in the housing to -permit the panelv
a vending machine including a dispensing mechanism,
and the dispensing mechanism to be readily removed
which vending machine has a improved apparatus for
from the housing for repair or replacement. As best
advancing the stack of papers to the vending machine.
35 shown in FIG. 7, the panel is formed with an upwardly~
Still another object of this invention is the provision of
and forwardly extending top Wall 31 which extends overan improved dispensing mechanism which is simple and
the upper edge of the front 4wall 19 of the housing, which
compact in construction so as to occupy a minimum of
top wall has a depending ñange 32 adapted toengage thei
space in the vending machine housing.
oifset upwardly extending flange 33 on the upper edge ofV
These, together with various ancillary obiects and ad 40 the front wall of the housing. A bottomwall 34 is>
vantages of this invention will be more readily appreci
formed on the lower end of the panel and extends’for
ated as the same becomes better understood by reference
wardly into engagement with the front wall 19 ofthe.
to the following detailed description when taken in con
housing, which bottom -wall has a depending flange 35;
nection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
on the forward end thereof adapted to abut the front
FIGURE l is a front elevational View of the vending 45 wall to maintain the panel in spaced relation thereto.'
machine;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary end elevational view of the
vending machine;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary end elevational view of the
vending machine;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary front elevational View of the
vending machine showing the latter being operated to
dispense a newspaper;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the
dispensing mechanism;
FIG. 6 is an exploded view of the vending machine
showing the dispensing mechanism and the mechanism for
advancing a stack of newspapers toward the dispensing
One or more spacer flanges 36 are secured to the panel
to extend forwardly therefrom a distance equal to theE
width of the bottom wall 34, which flanges engage the
front wall of the housing when the panel is mounted
50 thereon to maintain the panel in spaced relation to the
front wall.
'
.
_The panel 28 is thus hooked at its upper end on theî
offset flange 33 carried by the front Wall and has provision
at the lower end thereof for abutting the front wall to
removably retain the panel on the housing in spaced rela»v
tion to the front wall, a suitable opening or openings 29I
being provided in the panel, in registry with the View open-.
ing 24 in the front wall. The panel 28 is formed with an"
mechanism removed from the housing;
elongated vertically extending slot 39 which is laterally:
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view through the 60 olfset from the center of the panel, v*and a feed finger ,4P
dispensing mechanism, taken on the plane 7-7 of FIG. 5;
is arranged to extend through the slot into engagementFIG. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view through the
with the end newspaper in the stack of newspapers 42.
dispensing mechanism, taken on the plane 8_8 of
The feed finger 41 is mounted 4for reciprocation 1ongi-FIG. 5;_
tudinally of the slot to dispense the end newspaper from\
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view 65 the stack, and for this purpose there is provided a --pair
through the dispensing mechanism, taken on the plane
of substantially Z-shaped members 43. One leg `43a of
9_9 of FIG. 5; and
each of the Z-shaped members is secured to the panel, asI
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view
`by welding, on opposite sides of the slot 39, and the other
through the dispensing mechanism, taken on the plane
legs 4319 thereof extend towards each other and terminate
10--10 of FIG. 5.
70 in spaced relation to providev a slot therebetween. rIlhe
The dispensing mechanism of the present invention is
feed finger 41 is elongated, and» may conveniently be
formed of a pair of fiat strips secured together to provide
intended for use in dispensing magazines, newspapers and
3,023,928
3
4
an elongated flat body portion which terminates at its
A spring 66 has one end thereof secured to the slide 62
and the other end attached by an arm 67 to the depend
ing flange 35 on the panel 28 to return the slide and feed
forward end in a curved nose portion 41a.
A news
paper engaging pin 45 is secured to the nose portion,
which pin is sharpened so as to readily impale the end
newspaper in the stack.
finger to their lowered position, after each dispensing
stroke. The slide 62 is operatively connected, by means
A pair of laterally extending
followers 46 are formed on the edge of the feed finger
spaced from the pin 45, which followers are adapted to
engage the cam track formed by t-he legs 431; of the mem
bers 43.
.
As shown in FIGS. 5 and 7, the legs 43b are formed
with curved portions 47 which extend upwardly and in
wardly toward the panel 28, which curved portions are
adapted to engage the followers 46, when the feed linger
is moved upwardly, to thereby urge the pin 45 through
the slot 39 and into the adjacent end newspaper. As the 15
feed finger is moved upwardly, the followers 46 ride cn
the under surface of the legs 431;, which thereby form a
first dwell portion of a cam track to maintain the pin ex
tended through the slot. Adjacent the upper ends of the
legs 43b, there is provided a bifurcated cam member 48
of a chain 69, to the slide 61, which chain is entrained
intermediate its ends over rollers 71 and is terminally
attached by fasteners 72 to the slide 61. As best shown
in FIG. 8, the roller supporting pintles 73 are mounted
in the sockets 74 formed in the projecting ends of the
guides 59 and 60. An operating handle 75 is secured to
the slide 61 and extends outwardly through the slot 23
in the front wall of the housing. The feed finger 41
is thus moved upwardly in a-dispensing stroke in response
to downward movement of the `operating handle 75, the
spring 66 serving to return the slide 62 and the feed
finger to its initial position and also to raise the operating
handle 7S. A stop 76 (FIG. 5) is attached to the panel
and is disposed in the path of movement of the arm 63
20 to limit upward movement of the feed finger during the
which extends downwardly and inwardly towards the
dispensing stroke.
_
panel to engage the followers 46 and retract the pin out of
The operating mechanism is preferably coin controlled,
the slot 39, when the feed finger reaches the upper limit
of its stroke. The cam member 48 is resiliently mounted
a suitable coin controlled apparatus being shown in FIG.
5. As shown therein, the coin control mechanism includes
on a spring biased hinge 49 lwhich yieldably urges the cam
member 48 in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in
FIG. 7, into engagement with the underside of the legs
a coin slot 77 mounted on the top wall 31 of the panel
and a coin chute 78 attached to the mounting bracket 56.
The coin chute communicates with the slot and has a
431:'. The cam member 48 thus deflects inwardly as the
laterally facing opening ’79. A plate 81 is secured, as
by welding, to the slide 61 (see FIG. l0) and an auxiliary
feed finger is moved upwardly, to permit the follower 46
to pass between the cani member and the legs 431), and 30 plate 82 is secured to the underside of the plate 81, at
on the return stroke of the feed finger, the cam member
one side of the slide, to form a coin receiving channel 83
guides the feed finger over the outer edge of the legs 43
which outer edge forms a secondv dwell portion of the
cam track. During its return stroke, the feed finger is
having a transversely extending end wall Si). The channel
S3 registers with the opening 79 in the coin chute to
receive a coin therefrom and the end wall 81') is arranged
therefore free to shift away from' the newspaper so as to
to engage the coin to move the latter downwardly as the
prevent'damaging the same.
slide 61 is moved down.
Y
The legs 4311 are also formed with an arcuate surface
51 which terminates at its upper end in spaced relation
to the ends of the curved surfaces 47. The arcuate sur
Iface 51 engages the followers 46 on the feed finger 40
to maintain the pin retracted out of the slot 39, when the .
feed finger is in its normal position. Oppositely extend
ing lianges S2 are provided on the edge of the body of
the feed finger, remote from the followers 46, which
flanges prevent dislocation of the feed linger from between
the members 43, during the return stroke of the feed
finger and rollers 53 are mounted on the end of the lfeed
linger remote fro-m the pin, within the channel members
to 'guide the lower end of the feed finger `during reciproca
Laterally extending ears 84
and S5 are formed on the plates 31 and 82, which ears
are adapted to engage a pivotally mounted stop member
S6. As best shown in FIG. 5, the stop member is pivoted
on a pin S7 to the mounting bracket and is yieldably
urged into the path of movement of the ears 84 by a
spring 88, an adjustable bolt 89' being provided for limitd
ing movement of the stop 36. The depth of the coin
receiving channel 83 and the length of the ears 84 and 85
is made such that when a coin of the proper denomina
tion is disposed in the channel, the coin will engage the
end of the stop S6 and cam operate the same out of the
path of the ears 84 to thereby permit reciprocation of
the slide 6i. A stop 9d, preferably formed of a block of
tion. Tabs 54 are formed on the outwardly projecting 50 resilient material such as rubber, is mounted on the panel
end of the feed finger, which tabs are arranged to be
2S and disposed in the path of movement of the slide 61
operatively connected through a link 55 to the 4operating
to limit upward movement thereof and thereby stop the
mechanism for the feed linger.
feed linger in a preselected lower position.
A flat and compact operating mechanism is provided
In order to prevent reciprocation of the slide 61 inter
for reciprocating the feed linger, which operating mecha
mediate its limits of' movement, there is provided a ratchet
nism‘ is preferably located at one side of the slot 39 in
mechanism which is arranged to prevent upward move
the panel, The operating mechanism is arranged to effect
ment of the slide 61 once it has begun its downward dis
movement of the feed finger 41 upwardly in a dispensing
pensing stroke, until after the latter has been moved to
stroke in response to downward movement of a reciproca
its lower limit of movement, and also to prevent down
ble operating handle to thereby facilitate operation of 60 ward movement of the slide, after the latter has begun
the vending machine. As shown in the drawings, the oper
its upward return stroke and until it has reached its nor
ating mechanism includes a mounting bracket 56 in the
mal upper position. Conveniently, one edge of the
form of a flat plate having an enlarged upper end portion
mounting bracket 56 may be serrated to provide ratchet
56a and an integral elongated lower portion 56b (see
teeth 92. A ratchet dog 93 is pivoted on the plate 81
FIGS. 5 and 9). A plurality of legs 57 and 58 are pro
and is yieldably urged by a spring 94 to a position in
vided for attaching the bracket 56 to the panel in spaced
which the dog engages the ratchet teeth 92. On the
parallel relation thereto. A pair of guideways 59 and 60
downward stroke of the slide 61, the dog ratchets over
are secured to opposite sides of the 4mounting bracket ‘56
the teeth 92 and, being inclined in a direction away from
-to extend parallel to the slot 39 in the panel, which
the teeth, as shown in FIG. 5, prevents upward movement
guideways have slides 61 and 62 respectively,'slidably 70 of the slide as long as the dog engages the ratchet. When
mounted therein. The slide 62 on the underside of the
the slide reaches its lower limit of travel, the dog passes
mounting bracket has an arm 63 rigidly secured thereto,
beyond the end of the ratchet teeth 92 and on the suc-y
which larm has its other end pivotally attached by a pin
ceeding upward structure of the slide, the dog pivots.
64 tothe link 5S, to thereby effect reciprocation of the
around the pivot 93 to a position in which the dog en-feed finger in response to reciprocation of the slide 62. 75 gages the teeth at a point below the pivot pin 93. Con-`
3,023,928
5
6
sequently, the slide cannot be moved downwardly after
the upward stroke of the slide has been initiated and until
the dog passes beyond the upper end of the ratchet teeth
92. The dog thus permits the slide to be moved down
the housing has an upwardly and forwardly curved sur
ward in a dispensing stroke and then upward in the re
turn stroke, and precludes reciprocation of the slide inter
mediate its limits of travel to thereby prevent dispensing
more than one article for each coin inserted in the coin
face 111 formed on the under surface thereof which
curved surface is adapted to overlie the curved top wall
31 of the panel to provide a news-paper dispensing chute
therebetween. As is apparent, the cover overlies the top
of the stack of newspapers and the newspaper dispensing
opening extends to one side of the housing whereby the
cover is elfective to prevent the entrance of rain and the
control apparatus.
like into the housing through the newspaper dispensing
Provision is made for preventing a coin, which is in
serted in the coin slot when the slide 61 is not in its
opening. Conveniently, a channel shaped member 112
may be secured to the curved top wall 31 of the panell
and arranged to extend partially across the discharge
opening between the top wall 31 and the cover 21 to pre
uppermost position, from passing out of the coin chute
78. For this purpose, a coin stop member 96 is pivotally
mounted at 97 on the mounting bracket 56a, which stop
vent someone from extending a hand through the dis
member has a linger 96a arranged to extend through an
pensing opening and withdrawing a paper from the ma
opening 9S in the coin chute and into the path of travel
chine without operating the dispensing mechanism.
of the coins therein. A leaf spring 99 is provided for
In order to facilitate insertion and removal of the
urging the linger 96a into the opening 98, and a cam
stack of newspapers from the housing, the mechanism
arm 100 is connected to the stop member and disposed
for applying pressure to the plate 106 is arranged to re
in the path of movement of the plate 81 on the slide 61 20 lease the pressure on the plate, when the cover is open,
to cam operate the stop linger 96a out of the opening
and to apply pressure to the plate when the cover is
whenever the slide 61 is in its raised position. Therefore,
closed. As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the pressure ap
if the slide 61 is not returned to its raised position and
plying `apparatus includes an elongated bar 113 having
a coin is inserted when the slide is out of its raised posi
transversely extending arms 114 pivoted in brackets- 115
tion, the coin will not drop out of the coin chute. In
at the bottom of the housing. Levers 116 are secured,
stead, the linger 96a will retain the coin in the chute until
as by welding, to the arms 114 to project forwardly there
the slide is returned to its raised position at which time
of and a pair of rods 117 are provided to loosely extend
the cam arm 100 engages the plate 81 and releases the
through openings in the levers at a point spaced from the
coin to permit a subsequent dispensing operation.
arms 114. The upper end of the rods 117 are pivoted
An improved apparatus is provided for supporting a 30 on brackets 113 carried by the cover 21 and the lower
stack of newspapers such as 42 in an upright position and
ends of the rods slidably extend through the levers 116,
for advancing the stack towards the dispensing mech
a sto-p 119 (FIG. 7) being provided on the lower ends
anism mounted on the panel 28. For this purpose there
of the rods to engage the levers 116 and move the presser
is provided a tray 101 having a plurality of opposed pairs
bar 113 away from the presser plate when the cover is
of L-shaped members 102 secured to the underside there
opened. A spring 121 is disposed about each of the rods,
of to support the tray in spaced relation to the bottom 15
between the levers 116 and a stop 122, to apply pressure
of the housing. The members 102 project beyond the
to the levers and urge the presser bar 113 against the
edges of the tray and have rollers 103 journaled there
presser plate, when the cover is closed. Thus, whenever
between. Chains or flexiblebelts 104 are entrained about
the cover is opened, the presser bar 113 is moved out ofy
the rollers and have one run thereof overlying the tray 40 engagement with the plate 106 whereby the later may
to thereby form a eonveyer type support for the stack of
be readily moved -away from the panel 39, as by lifting
newspapers disposed thereon. This construction mini
the latter and resetting it on the conveyer at the rear of
mizes the frictional resistance to the advance of the stack
the housing, or by sliding the latter therealong. It is then;
of papers and permits the use of a relatively small pres
a simple matter to insert the stack of newspapers through
sure to urge the stack of newspapers towards the panel 45 the open top, between the presser plate and the panel 28,
2S. A presser plate 106 is removably disposed in the
after which the cover is closed. The springs 121 are
housing and has a forwardly extending ñange 107 on
then effective to urge the presser plate towards the panel
the lower end thereof, which flange terminates in a down->
to advance the stack of newspapers towards the feed
wardly and forwardly extending lip 108 which is adapted
mechanism.
to engage the links of the chains 104 to advance the 50
The tray 101 is ladvantageously arranged to cooperate
with the panel 2S to retain the latter in position. As best»
shown in FIG. 7, the forward ends of the members 102
on the tray engage the depending llange 35 on the panel.
The length of the members 102 is made such that the
latter as the pressure plate is urged towards the panel.
Preferably, the presser plate is provided with a forwardly
offset portion 109 which extends along the upper portion
of the panel, which olfset portion engages the stack of
1
newspapers and provides a relieved area therebelow be» 55 rear ends thereof abut the rear wall of the housing when
tween the stack of newspapers and the presser plate. Inl
this manner, only the upper portion of the stack of news
papers 42 is compressed between the presser plate and
the panel 2S to thereby minimize the frictional resistance
to the withdrawal of the end paper on the stack.
the forward ends engage the llange 35 to thereby releas
ably retain the lower end of the panel in position against
the front wall 19 of the housing. One corner of the
panel is cut away, as shown at 124 in FIG. 6 to receive
As is 60 a coin box 125 which rests on the bottom wall 15 of the
apparent from FIG. 7, the forwardly offset portion 109
of the presser plate is spaced above the flange 107 at the
` lower end thereof a distance greater than the stroke of
the feed linger, after the latter engages the newspaper, so
housing forwardly of the tray 101 to receive the coins
dropped from the channel 83 in the coin control mecha
msm.
The cover 21 is arranged to be :locked in its closed po
that the relatively bulkier folded edge of the newspaper 65 sition and for this purpose there is provided a bar 128
does not come between the offset portion 109 and the
which extends longitudinally of the cover and is journaled
panel as the feed linger 41 is raised to move the upper
in brackets 129 thereon, which bar may conveniently have
edge of the newspaper out of the housing. Consequently,
a handle portion 131 formed intermediate the ends there
the force which must be applied to the operating handle
of. Transversely extending arms 132 are formed on the
75 to dispense the newspaper, is minimized. A slot 110 70 ends of the bar 128 which arms are adapted to be en
(FIG. 6) is provided in the presser plate, in registry With
the slot 39 in the panel, to permit the feed linger pin 45
to extend thereinto when the presser plate is contiguous
gaged in keepers 133 carried by the end walls 16 and 17
of the housing. Laterally extending fingers 134 are pro
vided on the ends of the arms 132 to prevent opening of-y
the cover, A latch plate 135 is secured to one of the
The cover 21 which is hinged to the rear wa-ll 18 of 75 arms 132 ‘and a hasp 136 is pivoted to the end wall of
with the panel.
3,023,928
7
the housing and has' »a bail 137 adapted to engage the
hook 135a on the latch plate to prevent movement of
the arms 132 to their release positions. A suitable lock
139 is provided for the hasp to lock the `arms 132 in the
the papers are dispensed from the ends of the stack, the
presser plate 106 is advanced towards the panel and op
erates the chains 104 to advance the stack of newspa
pers. After the last newspaper has been dispensed, the
keepers 133.
From the foregoing it is thought that the operation of
the vending machine will be readily understood. When
presser plate overlies the view openings in the panel
vances toward the panel, it moves the chains 194 to there~
View so that it may be readily serviced, or if it is neces
sary to replace the same, a new panel may be inserted
and in the front wall of the housing. Suitable indicia
may be provided on the front face of the presser plate
to indicate that the vending machine is empty.
inserting the stack of newspapers, the cover 21 is opened
If it is necessary to remove the dispensing mechanism
thereby releasing the presser bar 113. The plate 106 may
then be moved reanwardly in the housing and the stack 10 to repair or replace the same, or to repair the housing,
it is only necessary to remove the plate 106 and the
of newspapers 42 inserted between the plate and the
newspaper supporting tray 104 at the bottom of the
panel preferably with the folded edge of the newspaper
housing. After the tray has been removed, the panel 28
resting on the chains 104 land on the forwardly extending
together with all the dispensing mechanism which
flange 107 on the plate 106. When the cover is closed,
is mounted thereon may be removed from the housing
the spring 121 is elîective to urge the presser bar 113
by merely lifting the panel through the open top. The
against the plate to `thereby yieldably urge the stack of
dispensing mechanism is arranged on the panel in open
newspapers towards the panel 23. As the plate 166 ad
by carry the stack of newspaper therewith.
The dispensing mechanism is operated by first inserting 20 into the housing without necessitating detachment of the
housing from its mounting.
a coin in the coin slot 77 from which it is conveyed by
I claim:
the chute '78 to the coin receiving channel 83 carried by
l. A newspaper vending machine comprising a hous
the slide 61. The coin rests -in the channel on the edge
ing having a bottom wall, upstanding front and rear
of the pivoted stop ‘86 so ythat when the operating lever 75
is moved downwardly in a dispensing stroke, the coin 25 walls, opposed end walls and an open top, a cover
mounted on said housing and spaced above the upper
cams the stop 86 out of the path of travel of the ears S4.
edge of said front wall toV define a dispensing opening
Obviously, in the absence of a coin. the ears S4 will en
therebetween, a panel disposed in said housing and
gage the stop »and prevent operation of the s-lide. As
spaced from said front wall to define a chamber there
the operating lever 75 is moved downwardly, the chain
between, a dispensing mechanism comprising a pair of
30
69 raises the slide 62 which thereby moves the feed finger
` 41 upwardly in a dispensing stroke.
As the ears or fol
lowers `46 on the feed finger engage the curved surfaces
47 on the cam track formed by the legs 4311, the feed
vertical guides mounted on said panel and disposed in
back-to-back relation, pulleys mounted at opposite ends
of` said guides, front and rear slides mounted on said
guides, flexible belt means entrained over said pulleys
finger is extended outwardly through the slot 39 in the
and operatively connecting said front and rear slides, an
panel to impaie the end newspaper on the stack and urge 35 actuator connected to said front slide for reciprocating
the latter upwardly off of the end of the stack and through
the same to thereby move the rear slide simultaneously
the dispensing opening formed between the curved top wall
iu a relatively opposite direction, said front wall having
a vertical slot therein for receiving said actuator, said
panel having a vertical slot therein, and a dispenser lin
40
it engages the same it raises one end of the newspaper to
ger attached to said rear slide and movable through said
separate the latter from the stack with a fanning motion,
slot in said panel to move a paper at the other side
on the panel «and the cover. The feed finger is laterally
offset from the center of the stack of papers so that when
the paper tending to swing about an axis normal to the
stack of papers. This fanning movement between the
end paper `and the remainder of the stack has lbeen found
lto greatly facilitate separation of the end paper from
the stack so that more than one paper is not dispensed
during each dispensing operation `and further reduces the
thereof through said dispensing opening.
2. A newspaper vending machine comprising a hous
ing having a bottom wall, opstanding front and rear
walls, opposed end walls and an open top, a cover mount
on said housing and spaced above the upper edge of said
front wall to define a dispensing opening therebetween,
a panel disposed in said housing and spaced from said
effort which must be exerted to operate the dispensing
mechanism and move the paper through the dispensing
front wall to define a chamber therebetween, a dispens
opening. The stroke of the feed finger is made such as 50 ing mechanism comprising a pair of vertical guides
to move one corner of the newspaper outwardly through
mounted on said panel and disposed in back-to-back re
lthe chute while the remainder of the newspaper remains
lation, rollers mounted at opposite ends of said guides,
interposed between the stack of newspapers and the panel.
front and rear slides mounted on said guides, flexible
The partially dispensed newspaper can then be manually
belt means entrained over said pulleys and operatively
withdrawn by pulling on the outwardly extending end 55 connecting said front and rear slides, an actuator con
thereof.
nected to said front slide for reciprocating the same to
As the feed finger reaches the upper end of its stroke
thereby move the rear slide simultaneously in a relative
it engages the resiliently mounted cam member 48 which
ly opposite direction, said front wall having a vertical
moves the feed linger out of engagement with the news
slot therein for receiving said actuator, said panel hav
paper. On the return stroke of the feed finger, the ears 60 ing a vertical slot therein laterally offset to one side of
46 thereon overlie the legs 43h so that the pin 45 does
the center thereof, said guides being mounted on said
not engage the newspaper and damage the same. As is
panel alongside the slot therein, and a dispenser com
apparent, the spring 66 which engages the slide 62 is
prising a single dispenser linger mounted on said rear
effective to return the slides 61 and 62 and the feed fin
slide and movable through said slot in said panel to
ger 41 to their initial position. The ratchet mechanism 65 engage an end paper in a stack of papers at a point off
is arranged so that when the slide 61 has begun move
set from the center thereof and move a corner of the
ment downward in a dispensing stroke, the latter cannot
end paper upwardly through said dispensing opening in
be again raised until after the completion of its down
a fanning motion.
ward movement at which time the dog passes beyond the
3. The combination of claim 2 wherein said panel
end of the ratchet teeth. Similarly, during the subsequent 70 has an enlarged view opening therein spaced from said
upward movement of the slide 61, the dog 93 also pre
vertical slot in said front wall, said front wall having a
vents retrograde movement so that reciprocation of the
view opening registering with the opening in said panel
to enable visual inspection of a portion of the paper
slide, intermediate its limits of movement, is prevented.
This precludes operating the dispensing mechanism to
obtain more than one paper for each coin inserted.
As 75
abutting the rear side of said panel.
4. A newspaper vending machine comprising a hous
3,023,928
10
ing having a bottom wall, opposed side and end walls
7. The combination of claim 6 including a pressure
and an open top, a cover hingedly mounted on said hous
plate in said housing engageable with the stack of news
ing and movable between an open position and a closed
papers therein, pressure applying means engageable with
position overlying the top of the housing, a dispensing
said pressure plate for urging 4the same toward said panel
mechanism in said housing adjacent one of said side 5 to advance the stack of newspapers to said dispensing
walls, a presser plate movable crosswise of said housing
mechanism, said pressure plate resting on said belts
for advancing a stack of papers to the dispensing mecha
whereby said pressure applying means is also operative
nism, an arm pivotally mounted at one end on said hous
to move said belts and advance the lower edges of the
ing and having means on the other end adapted to engage
newspapers resting thereon.
said plate, a lever on said arm intermediate the ends 10
8. The combination of claim 7 wherein said pressure
thereof, a link having a lost motion connection at one
plate has a forwardly extending flange on the lower end
end to said lever and pivotally attached at the other end
to said cover, spring means on said link engageable with
thereof adapted to support the edge of several of the
newspapers in the stack whereby the weight of the papers
'aids in retaining the pressure plate in an upright position,
said lever to yieldably urge said means on said arm
against said plate when said cover is closed, and stop 15 said plate being movable into closely spaced adjacency
to said panel with the flange on the plate underlying said
means on said link for retracting said lever and arm
when said cover is raised.
panel and extending forwardly thereof.
5. A vending machine comprising a housing having
9. A Vending machine for newspapers, magazines and
an elongated dispensing opening therein, means for sup
the like comprising, a housing having an elongated dis
porting a stack of papers in said housing with one edge 20 pensing opening therein, a panel in said housing adjacent
paralleling the dispensing opening, a dispensing mecha
said dispensing opening, means for supporting a stack of
nism for moving an end paper crosswise of the stack
papers in said housing with one edge paralleling said dis
and with a twisting motion to separate the end paper~
pensing opening, means for supporting and advancing a
from the remainder of the stack to thereby dispense
stack of papers to said panel with the face of the end
papers one at a time, said dispensing mechanism com
prising a single sharp feed finger mounted for movement
along a path toward and away from said dispensing
opening and laterally offset to one side of the center of
said opening, means for moving said finger along said
path toward and away from said opening, means opera
tive when the finger is moved toward said opening for
moving the finger into engagement with the end paper
25
paper in the stack engaging the panel, said panel having
an elongated slot therein extending transverse to said
dispensing opening and laterally offset a substantial dis
tance to one side of the center of said stack, a dispensing
mechanism for moving the end paper in the stack cross
wise of the stack with a twisting motion to separate the
end paper from the paper adjacent thereto, said dis
pensing mechanism comprising a single feed finger mount
to impale the same at a point laterally offset from the
ed for reciprocatory movement longitudinally of said
center of the paper, said finger moving means being opera
slot, means for moving said feed ñnger toward and away
tive to thereafter advance said finger toward said open 35 from said dispensing opening, means operative when the
ing to thereby move the end paper relative to the stack
finger is moved toward said dispensing opening for ex
with a fanning motion and project one corner of the
tending the finger through the slot in the panel to irn
paper through said dispensing opening.
pale the end paper in the stack, the path of movement
6. A vending machine for newspapers, magazines and
of said finger being laterally offset a substantial distance
the like comprising a housing having a bottom wall, front 40 from the center of the stack to effect movement of the
and rear walls, opposed end walls and an open top, a
end paper relative to the stack in a fanning motion and
cover mounted on said housing and spaced 'above the
upper edge of said front wall to define a dispensing open
to project a corner of the end paper through the dis
pensing opening.
ing therebetween, a panel separate from said housing
l0. The combination of claim 9 wherein said stack
receivable between said end walls thereof for movement
advancing means includes a pressure applying plate mova
45
into and out of the housing through the open top, a
ble toward and away from said panel and engageable with
dispensing mechanism mounted on said panel for ready
the face of the paper `at the end of the stack opposite the
removal as a unit therewith, said dispensing mechanism
end which abuts said panel, said pressure applying plate
including a vertically movable dispensing finger mounted
having a non-planar face including a first portion ar
on said panel at lthe front side thereof and operative to
50 ranged to engage and apply pressure to the rear face of
move a paper at the rear side of the panel upwardly
through the dispensing opening, a manually operable
actuator for said dispensing mechanism mounted solely
on said panel extending transverse to the front side there
the stack along an area adjacent said dispensing opening
and a second portion offset from the first -portion in a
direction away from the stack to provide a pressure re
lieved zone `at the rear face of said stack remote from
of, said front wall having an opening therein, said panel
said dispensing opening.
being movable in said housing toward and away from 55
l1. The combination of claim 10 wherein the width
said front wall to permit said actuator to be inserted and
of said second offset portion of said plate measured in
withdrawn from said opening in said front wall, said
the direction of reciprocation of said feed finger is greater
panel having a lateral portion on the top thereof engage
than the stroke of said feed finger whereby the bulky
able with the upper edge of the front wall to retain the
portion of the paper is not drawn between the `ñrst portion
upper portion of the panel against lateral movement in 60 of the plate and the panel during the dispensing stroke
said housing, said panel havinu a downwardly extending
flange along the bottom thereof offset from the plane of
of the feed finger.
'
12. A vending machine for newspapers, magazines and
the like comprising a housing having a bottom wall, front
the panel and engageable with said front wall, a news
paper supporting tray adapted to rest on said bottom
and rear walls, spaced end walls, and an elongated dis
wall of said housing and engageable with said flange on 65 pensing opening at the top thereof, an upright panel in
said panel and said rear wall of said housing to prevent
said housing, means for supporting and advancing a stack
movement of the lower portion of the panel away from
of papers to said panel with the face of the end paper in
said front wall, pulleys mounted on said tray adjacent
the stack engaging the panel, said panel having an elon
to front `and rear edges thereof, the pulleys at the front
gated sllot therein extending transverse to said dispensing
of said tray being located forwardly of said panel, and a 70 opening and horizontally offset a substantial distance to
plurality of endless belts extending crosswise of said tray
one side of the center of the stack, a dispensing mechanism
and entrained over the pulleys at the front and rear edges
for moving the end paper crosswise of the stack with a
thereof for supporting the edge of an upright stack of
twisting motion to separate the end paper from the paper
newspapers thereon.
75 adjacent thereto, said dispensing mechanism comprising
3,023,928
12
11
a single feed finger mounted for vertical reciprocation lon
gitudinally of said slot, means for moving said feed finger
toward and away from said dispensing opening, means
operative when the finger is moved toward said dispensing
when the feed finger is moved toward said dispensing
opening, means at the other end of said first dwell portion
opening for extending the finger toward the stack through
panel and into the second dwell portion, and means at
tached to said slide for moving said slide along the slide
track.
l5. The combination of claim 14 wherein said feed
linger is elongated and has one end thereof pivotally
10 mounted on said slide for swinging movement in a plane
the slot in the panel to impale the end paper thereon at a
point horizontally offset from the center of the stack, the
path of reciprocatory movement of said finger being hori
zontally offset from the center of said stack a substantial
distance to effect movement of the end paper relative to
the stack with a fanning motion and to project one corner
engageable with said cam follower for moving the cam
follower and feed finger in a direction away from the
of the end paper through the dispensing opening.
13. The combination of claim 12 wherein said stack
extending perpendicular to panel and longitudinally of
said slot.
16. The combination of claim 14 wherein said means
advancing means includes a pressure plate movable to
for moving said feed finger away from said panel includes
ward and away from said panel and engageable with the
rear face of the stack, said plate having an upper portion
a cam plate swingably mounted on said panel at a point
spaced from one end of said second dwell portion, and
means yieldably urging said cam plate against said first
dwell portion, said cam plate having a portion inclined in
a direction toward said panel and away from said first
20 dwell portion and engageable with said follower on the
jacent the lower portion of the stack.
feed finger for moving the feed finger away from the panel.
14. A vending machine for newspapers, magazines and
17. The combination of claim 14 wherein said means .
the like comprising a housing defining an enclosure and
for moving the slide includes a second slide track mounted
having an elongated dispensing opening therein, a panel
in back-to-back relation to said first mentioned slide track,
disposed insaid housing having an elongated slot therein
extending transverse to said dispensing opening, means in 25 an actuator slidably mounted in said second slide track,
a pulley adjacent each end of said second slide track, and
said housing for advancing a stack of papers toward said
fiexible belt means entrained over said pulley and opera
panel to press the face of the end paper in the stack
tively connecting said actuator to said slide to effect move
against one side of said panel, a dispensing mechanism
ment of the slide in response to movement of the actuator
in said housing at the other side of said panel, said
- dispensing mechanism including a slide track extending 30 and in a relatively opposite direction.
18. The combination of claim 14 wherein said dis
parallel to. said slot, a slide mounted on said slide
pensing mechanism has only a single feed pin and said
track for movement toward and away from said dis
slot in said panel is positioned relatively closer to one end
pensing opening, a feed finger mounted on said slide
of said dispensing opening than to- the other end of said
` for movement therewith longitudinally of the slot and
arranged to engage and apply pressure to the rear face
of the stack and a lower portion offset in a direction away
from the stack to provide a pressure relieved zone ad
for limited movement relative to the slide in a direction 35 opening whereby the pin, when it projects through the
towardv and away from said panel, said feed finger having
a paper impaling pin thereon adapted to extend through
slot, engages the end paper at a point laterally offset from
the center of the paper to move the end paper relative to
the stack with a farming motion and to project one corner
the slot, a cam track attachedl to said panel alongside the
of the paper through the dispensing opening.
slot, a cam follower on said feed finger engageable with
said cam track, said cam track including a first generally 40
References Cited in the file of this patent
straight dwell portion facing toward said panel and ex
tending substantially parallel thereto and spaced from
UNlTED STATES PATENTS
said one side of the panel a preselected distance, said
feed pin having a length sufficient to project a preselected
distance through the slot in the panel when said follower 45
engages said first dwell portion to positively force the pin
through the slot and into a paper with a controlled depth
of penetration as the follower moves along said first dwell
portion, said cam track including a second dwell portion
facing away from said panel and extending lengthwise of 50
said first dwell portion, said cam track including means
defining a cam face -inclined toward said first dwell portion
and extending from said second dwell portion to one end
of said first dwell portion for guiding the cam follower 55
from the second dwell portion to said first dwell portion
918,882
1,263,033
1,440,101
1,553,510
1,638,413
1,659,167
1,677,939
1,708,234
Mills _______________ __ Apr. 20,
Campbell ____________ __ Apr. 16,
Pfund et al. __________ __ Dec. 26,
Craft ________________ __ Sept. 1S,
Schultz ______________ __ Aug. 9,
Schultz _______________ __ Feb. 14,
Vinogradov ___________ __ July 24,
Nelson _______________ __ Apr. 9,
1909
1918
1922
1925
1927
1928
1928
1929
2,069,264
Morris _______________ __ Feb. 2, 1937
2,119,548
2,153,278
Laughery ____________ __ lune 7, 1938
Shelley _______________ __ Apr. 4, 1939
2,428,231
Leschin _______ __ ____ __ Sept. 30, 1947
2,881,948
Chaplin _____________ __ Apr. 14, 1959
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