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Патент USA US3023950

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March 6, 1962
Filed April 15, 1960
57 Jame? ‘151212254252
Patented Mar. 6, 19627
of which is readily and easily adjustable to suit operators
of different heights.
An additional object of the invention is the provision
Samuel Schwartz, 8428 Fayette St, Philadelphia, Pa.
of an inspecting device having an internal light source
which is vertically adjustable with respect to the garment
mounted thereon.
Also included as an object of the invention is the pro
vision of a device which is easily and quickly rotatable to
permit examination of all sides of a garment mounted
Filed Apr. 15, 196i), Ser. No. 22,453
3 Claims. (Ci. 223—-39)
This invention relates to a garment holding and inspec
tion device. More particularly, it relates to an adjustable,
rotatable, generally torso-shaped framework, containing
an internal light source, upon which a garment may be
mounted for inspection and for the performance of certain
?nishing and pre-packaging operations.
For many years, manufacturers of semi-translucent gar
Another object of the invention is to provide an inspec
tion device, having an internal light source, which is de
signed to prevent build up of heat from said light source
such as would scorch a garment mounted on said device
ments, particularly manufacturers of knitted garments 15 or injure the operator.
such as, for instance, sweaters, blouses, jackets, cardigans,
An additional object of the invention is to provide a
and the like, have been plagued by the problem of re
garment holding device which can be easily utilized to
jects. These rejects are imperfect garments and the im
turn garments inside out.
perfections may include knitting errors (e.g. dropped
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
stitches), open seams, flaws in binding and many other 20 garment holding and inspection device which may be op
patent defects which are observable with the naked eye
but which, in practice, are often missed even by exper
ienced, highly skilled and highly paid inspectors. Most
erated in either a horizontal or vertical position.
Other objects of this invention are to provide an im
proved device of the character described which is sturdy
in construction, economical to produce and highly eth
easily repaired or reworked to bring the garment up to 25 cient in operation.
quality control standards.
These and other objects of the invention will be appar
However, an undetected defect, whether major or minor,
ent to those skilled in the art from the following descrip
causes irreparable tangible and intangible losses to the
tion, when read in conjunction with the accompanying
manufacturer. Extra clerical costs, handling costs and
drawings, in which:
shipping charges incurred by the manufacturer in accept
FIG. 1 represents a perspective view of an assembled
ing the return of a garment consume what was to have
garment holding an inspection device embodying my
been part of his pro?t. The ?nancial problem is aggra~
of the defects are minor ones, which, if detected, can be
vated because the garment is often returned dirty or shop
FIG. 2 represents a sectional view taken along lines
worn and may even be returned after the seasonal sale
2—-2 of FIGURE 1.
period is over. Such garments have little or no salvage 35
FIG. 3 represents a top plan view of the garment hold
Above and beyond loss of pro?t, such returns
create ill will with both retailers and ultimate consumers
thus damaging the manufacturer’s reputation for produc
ing garments of a high quality. It has been found that
defects are discovered by the ultimate consumer more
often than by the retailer and the damage to the manu~
facturer’s reputation is thus compounded.
In the past, inspections have been performed merely
by spreading the garment on a table and examining it.
However, when such a method is used the inspector is
always looking at a dark layer of fabric and often at a
plurality of layers under conditions where one layer tends
to obscure defects in another layer. To inspect diiferent
portions of the garment requires a series of time consum
ing and inspection device of FIGURE 1.
FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken along lines
4—4 of FIGURE 1.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the lower
portion of the garment holding and inspection device
shown in FIGURE 1.
Referring now to the drawings, wherein like numerals
designate like parts, it will be seen that the garment hold
ing and inspection device shown in FIGURE 1 comprises
a vertically adjustable support assembly A, a torso~shaped
framework B and an illuminating assembly C mounted
within the framework B.
The support assembly A includes a base plate 1i)‘v having
a plurality of mounting holes 11 by means of which the
ing manipulations, often including turning the garment 50 base plate may be affixed to a horizontal, inclined, or
inside out.
vertical surface if desired. As the device is most fre
Finally, after or during inspection, other operations
quently used (i.e. as shown in FIG. 1) it is not necessary
are performed. These include buttoning, shaving the gar
to employ the holes 11. To the base plate 10 is affixed
ment to remove fuzz and/ or pills, and trimming of loose
a hollow vertical post 12 which includes a wire slot 13
threads. These operations also involve possibilities for 55 and which has mounted on it a socket 14 having a shoulder
error as they are now performed due, once again, to
15. As best seen in FIG. 5, there is telescopically mount
di?‘iculty of observation against a background of a plu
ed on post 12 a hollow column 16, to the lower end of
which is secured collar 17 which includes a lower shoulder
18 and a drilled and tapped hole 19 adapted to receive
rality of layers of fabric.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide a
garment inspection device which will permit even an inex 60 set screw 20.
perienced operator to quickly and easily detect ?aws in
Shoulders 18 and 15 serve as low limit
stops and determine the collapsed height of assembly A.
Column 16 has a?ixed to its upper end illuminating as
Another object of the invention is to provide a device
sembly support ?ange 21. Intermediate the collar 17 and
spection device which can also be used as a Work holder
self-lubricating metal such as bronze or graphite-contain
the ?ange 21, is adjustably positionable bearing holder 22
which is readily adjustable without tools for garments of
includes a cylindrical upper bearing 23 and a cy
different types and different sizes.
lindrical lower bearing 24. These two bearings are pressed
A further object of the invention is to provide an in
into the bearing holder 22 and are preferably made of a
during garment ?nishing operations such as for example,
ing cast iron. As shown in FIGURE 5, they are pref—,
erably assembled in abutting relationship. Bearing holder
Still another object of the invention is to provide a de
22 is further provided with a drilled and tapped hole
vice of the aforementioned character, the overall height
25 which extends into and through bearing 24. This hole
buttoning, trimming and shaving.
is adapted to receive set screw 26 which, when tightened,
contacts column 16 and prevents motion of bearing hold
er 22 with respect thereto.
Set screw 26 is used for
vertically ?xing the position of illuminating assembly C
with respect to the torso-shaped framework B as will be
explained subsequently. Bearing holder 21?. includes an
other drilled and tapped hole 27 which extends into and
through upper bearing 23 and is adapted. to receive set
screw 28.
Upon support assembly A is mounted torso-shaped
framework B.
and holding device is not limited to such orientation.
First the overall height is adjusted to suit the operator.
This is done by loosening set screw 20 and telescopically
raising column 16 on post 12. The height from base
plate it) to the uppermost light is ?xed by tightening the
set screw. Thereafter, illuminating assembly C is posi
tioned within framework B by loosening set screw 26
which permits vertical positioning of base 29 with respect
to illuminating assembly support ?ange 2x1. Preferably,v
the top light should be approximately 1%; of the way down
This framework includes a base 29 con— 10 the framework from the top thereof. If desired, set screw
taining a plurality of width adjusting slots 36 and to its
underside is welded or otherwise centrally a?ixed mount
ing sleeve 31. Sleeve ‘31 may, if desired, be provided with
a circumferential notch 32 on its outer surface as best
28 may be tightened to mechanically secure the frame
work 3 to the support assembly A.
The width of the framework B is now adjusted to suit
the size of the garment being examined. It is preferred to
shown in FIGURE 5. On the ends of base 29 are mount 15 have the width setting such that the garment will always
ed vertical side pieces 33 and 34 which, as shown in FTGS.
be under slight tension and free of sags. Width adjust
1 and 2, have a con?guration generally resembling an in»
ments are made by loosening nuts 39 and moving vertical
verted U in shape. Attached to side piece 33 are a plu
side pieces 33 and 34 apart or together. Collar holder 40
rality of cross members 35 which telescopically engage a
is now centered laterally on cross member 35 and its angle
plurality of cross members 36 similarly attached to side 20 adjusted to tension the neck portion of the garment.
piece 34. The legs of each side piece are provided with
After adjustment, set screw 44 is tightened.
collars 37, which abut the upper side of base 29', and the
A garment is now placed upon the frame. Pull over
portion of the leg which extends through the slot 3'0 is
garments are pulled down over it, garments which have
threaded, as at 38, to receive wing nut 39. The frame
buttons may be mounted and ‘buttoned in situ. When en
work B may be adjusted for width by loosening nuts 39
and expanding telescoped cross members 35 and 36. All
framework members should be smooth and rounded so
as not to snag or damage the garments.
ergized the lights clearly reveal flaws in workmanship
and the framework B may be rotated until all aspects of
the garment have been examined. By raising the sleeves
they too may be examined and provisions for mechani
cally elevating the sleeves (e. g. upwardly pointing arms on
The mounting sleeve 31 ?ts within upper bearing 23,
resting on the shoulder of bearing 24 and. thus the entire
the framework) as well as the provision of a longitudi
framework is free to rotate about the longitudinal axis of
nally hingedly bifurcated framework are intended to be
support assembly A. If the support assembly is mounted
within the scope of this invention. While the garment
in other than a vertical position and, consequently, it is
is tensioned on the framework, buttoning, shaving and
desired to mechanically secure framework B to support
trimming may be performed. Due to the open nature of
assembly A, it is only necessary to tighten set screw 28 35 the torso shaped framework there is excellent ventilation
so that it extends into circumferential notch 32 preventing
and the heat of the lights is rapidly dissipated and the
vertical displacement of sleeve 31 with respect to upper
frame components remain cool.
bearing 23 but in no way interfering with the freedom of
If the garment is removed by grasping its bottom and
rotation of framework B.
pulling it upward, downwardly projecting inverting ears
One of the cross members 35 is provided with a collar
or detents 45 act as a retainer in the vicinity of the upper
holder 43 having a modi?ed T shape and including sloped
torso. Their action results in the garment’s being turned
sides 41 and integral bushing 42 (as best seen in FIG. 4).
inside out as it is removed since the retaining tendency
The bushing is provided with a drilled and tapped hole
of the detents is not su?icient to prevent or impede gar
43 adapted to receive wing-headed set screw 44. The
ment removal. After having ‘been removed from the
collar holder 46 is laterally positionable along the cross 45 framework inside out the garment frequently is placed
member 35 and may also be rotated about it (as indicated
by the phantom outlines on FIG. 2).
on the framework again for additional examination or
Finally, the side pieces 33 and 34- may be provided with
Although my invention has been described in consider
downwardly and outwardly directed inverting ears or de 50 able detail, such description is intended to be illustrative
tents 45 which may be formed of wire or tubing and which
rather than limiting since the invention may be variously
may be permanently or removably attached to the side
embodied and, therefore, the scope of the invention is to
‘Mounted on ?ange 21 and located within framework B
is illuminating assembly C. As shown in FIGS. 1 and
2, this assembly includes a plurality of bulbs 46 mounted
in electric light sockets 47. The upper sockets are mount
ed on cross pieces 49 which are, in turn, connected to
support bracket 48. The support bracket 48 as well as the
lowest socket are mounted on flange 21. The lights are 60
preferably wired in parallel and power is supplied through
be determined only by the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A garment holding and inspection device comprising
a vertically adjustable support assembly including a base,
a hollow vertical post secured to said base, a hollow col
umn telescopically mounted on said post and means for
releasably securing said column with respect to said post;
a torso-shaped framework vertically seourable but rotat
ably mounted on said column including a generally rec
tangular base plate, inverted generally U-shaped vertical
electrical conductor Sit which is wired through column
side pieces mounted on each side of said base plate and
16 and post 12, emerging through wire slot 13 and ter
laterally adjustable with respect thereto, a plurality of
minating in plug 51. The bulbs may be of any conven
tional type, however it is preferred to use light blue in 65 horizontal telescoping cross members interconnecting said
vertical side pieces and a collar piece, having a shape gen
candescent bulbs of the daylight type such as are sold
erally resembling a T, mounted on one of said cross
under the trademark Colorama. Typical installations use
members, longitudinally positionable therealong and ro
three such bulbs in the 100 watt size. Alternatively, a
tatably positionable thereabout; and an illuminating as
?uorescent light source may be used with appropriate
modi?cations in illuminating assembly C. Although not 70 sembly mounted on said support assembly within said
illustrated, a switch may be provided mounted in some
‘ convenient location such as, for instance, on the ?ange 2.1.
torso-shaped framework and independently vertically
positionable with respect to said framework including a
plurality of light sources and a power cord adapted to
connect said light sources‘ to a power supply via the in
scription which follows vertical operation is assumed but
it is apparent that the utility of the garment examining 75 terior of said post and said column.
The device is extremely simple to operate, ‘In the de
2. The garment holding and inspection device of claim
1 wherein said framework further includes smooth out
wardly and downwardly projecting ears on the upper por
tions of said side pieces adapted to turn a garment inside
out as it is pulled o? said framework in an upward direc
3. A garment holding and inspecting device comprising
a vertically adjustable telescoping support assembly; low
limit stops on said assembly ?xing its minimum vertical
height; an electrical conduit within said assembly extend 10
ing to the top thereof; a slotted plate mounted on said
assembly ?xed vertically with respect thereto but none
theless free to rotate thereon; an expandable generally
torso-shaped tubular framework mounted on said plate
said ‘framework including generally U-shaped inverted 15
side pieces the legs of which slidingly engage the slots of
said plate, a plurality of telescoping cross-pieces connect
ing said side pieces; smooth downwardly projecting tubu
lar ears extending ‘from said framework adapted to turn
a garment inside out as it is pulled o? said framework;
a light source located within said torso-shaped framework
independently mounted on said support assembly and op~
eratively connected to said electrical conduit, said light
source being vertically positionable with respect to said
framework; and an angularly and transversely adjustable
collar holder mounted on said framework’s cross~pieces.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
Stedman _____________ __ June 16,
Purdy _______________ .._ Oct. 17,
Nelson ________________ __ July 3,
Brown et al ___________ __ Mar. 26,
Hartline _____________ __ Sept. 11,
Badgley _____________ __ Dec. 3,
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