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Патент USA US3023947

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March 6, 1962
G. o. MATTER
3,023,937
MEASURING DISPENSER
Filed March 12, 1957
m v E N Tm
ice
$3,023,937
Patented Mar. 6, 1962
2
3,023,937
MEA§URING DISPENSER
Gustave 0. Matter, 3112 NE. 46th Ave, Portland, Oreg
Filed Mar. 12, 1957, Ser. No. 645,535
7 Claims. (Cl. 222-440)
My invention relates to measuring dispensers of the
type adapted to dispense a measured amount of a free
?owing substance, including granulated and powdered
v
substance, from a container.
An object of this invention is a dispenser which con
trols the amount of substance dispensed from its con
tainer.
As shown in FIGS. I-II and III, the enlarged por
tion 9 of supply compartment 8 is concentrically spaced
from the side wall 15 of the container 12, thereby form
ing a passageway 16 to permit material to gravitate into
the supply compartment 8 by way of space 17 between
upper edge 10 and container top wall 11 when the con
tainer 12 with its dispenser is in an inverted position
similar to that shown in FIG. II.
As shown in FIGS. IV and V, the enlarged portion
10 9 of supply compartment 8 is eccentrically spaced from
the side wall 15 of the container 12, with its enlarged
portion 9 adjacent the side wall 15 of the container 12
at the side of the enlarged portion 9 which is on the
Another object is a dispenser which prevents direct
opposite side of the conduit 6 from the measuring com
?ow of contents from its containers.
15 partment inlet passageway 14, thereby preventing an ex
Another object is a container dispenser which is en
cess of material from gravitating from the supply com
cased within the container.
partment 8 back into the container when the container
Another object is a dispenser adapted to prevent com
12 with its dispenser is slowly moved from an inverted
munication out of or into its container.
position as shown in FIG. IV to its normal upright
Further objects and advantages of the invention will 20 position similar to that shown in FIG. I.
appear in and from the following speci?cation considered
In operation, with the container 12 and its dispenser
in connection with the accompanying drawings, which
in an inverted position, similar to that shown in FIGS.
are for purpose of illustration and not intended as a
II and-IV, material will gravitate through passageway
de?nition of the invention, the invention being de?ned in
16 and space 17 into supply compartment 8, when the
the appended claims.
25 container 12 with its dispenser is moved to its normal
Referring to the drawings, in which like characters of
upright position, similar to that shown in FIG. I, a
reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the
portion of the material in the supply compartment 8
several views:
will gravitate therefrom through measuring compartment
FIG. I is a vertical section of a container in its normal
inlet passageway 14 and ?ll measuring compartment 1,
upright position with its dispenser attached to the top 30 the container 12 with its dispenser is then moved to
thereof,
the dispensing position as shown in FIGS. II and IV
FIG. II is the same container and dispenser shown in
which show the measuring compartment inlet passageway
FIG. I, shown in an inverted position.
14 located uppermost in relation to the measuring com
FIG. III is a section on line IlI—IlI of FIG. II with a
partment outlet passageway and only the small amount
portion of the container broken away.
35 of material which is in the passageway 14 when the con
FIG. 1V is a vertical section of the upper portion of a
tainer is in its normal upright position, as shown in
container with a dispenser of slightly modi?ed form at
FIG. I, will return to the supply compartment 8 when
tached thereto and shown in an inverted position.
thed evice is inverted to its dispensing position, as shown
FIG. V is a section on line V—V of FIG. IV, with a
in FIGS. II and IV, and the amount will be substan
portion of the container broken away.
40 tially the same whether the device is moved slowly or
Referring to the numerals on the drawings, the dis
rapidly from its normal upright position to its dispensing
penser has a measuring compartment 1 bounded by en
position, and only the material in the measuring com
circling side wall 2, a bottom wall 3 and the lower edge
partment 1 will gravitate through conduit 6 and out of
4 of the ?ared end portion 5 of a measuring compart
conduit outlet 7. FIGS. IV and V show the outlet con
ment outlet conduit 6 which leads to conduit outlet 7. 45 duit 6 positioned eccentrically to both the measuring
The lower edge 4 of the conduit 6 provides: an outlet
compartment side wall 2 and the side wall 15 of the con
passageway from the measuring compartment 1 into the
tainer 12, in a direction below the center of the con
outlet conduit 6.
tainer, when the ‘dispenser and container are in dispens
A supply compartment 8 is formed by an upward con
ing position as shown in FIG. IV.
tinuation of measuring compartment encircling wall 2 50
The proper dispensing position of the device is with
which terminates upward in an enlarged portion 9, the
the measuring compartment outlet passageway relatively
upper edge 10 of which is spaced below a lid providing
below the inlet passageway 14, as illustrated in FIGS. II
the top wall 11 of a container 12 and is attached to the
and IV.
top wall 11 as by legs 13. A portion of the periphery
To operate the dispenser for maximum accuracy the
of the edge 4 of the ?ared end portion 5 of the conduit 55 container, with its dispenser, is held in its normal up
6 engages the side Wall 2 of the receptacle or measuring
right position and the measuring compartment outlet pas
compartment and thereby prevents material which has
sageway will be positioned at one side of the measuring
been introduced into the measuring compartment 1 from
compartment with the inlet passageway positioned ad
returning to the supply compartment 8. The remain
jacent the side of the outlet passageway in the opposite
ing portion of the periphery of edge 4 is spaced from the 60 side of the measuring compartment therefrom. The con
wall 2 and provides with the adjacent wall portion a
tainer is then tipped, in the direction toward the outlet
material inlet passageway 14 leading from the supply
passageway side of the measuring compartment, to its
compartment 8 to allow the material to gravitate into the
dispensing position and the outlet passagewaywill then
measuring compartment 1, as will be readily obvious.
be positioned relatively below the inlet passageway of the
The outlet conduit 6 is slidably mounted in the con 65 measuring compartment, as shown in FIGS. II and IV.
tainer top wall 11 and the ?ared end portion 5 of outlet
In the arrangement shown in FIGS. IV and V a means
conduit 6 is thereby movable within the measuring com
to indicate the proper direction in which to tip the con
partment 1 to permit adjustment of the lower edge 4, of
tainer and its dispenser from its normal upright position
the ?ared end portion 5 of the outlet conduit 6, in rela
to its dispensing position is illustrated as being the con
tion to the bottom wall 3 of the measuring compartment 70 duit 6 projecting out from the container lid 11, the con
1 whereby the capacity of the measuring compartment 1
duit 6 being positioned to one side of the center of the
can be regulated.
lid 11, which, as shown in FIG. IV, with the device
3,023,937
4
3
in its dispensing position, would be below the center of
the lid 11 thus indicating the direction in which the
device is to be tipped from its normal upright position
to its dispensing position, and the direction indicated
would be toward the side of the measuring compartment
ward the outlet passageway side of the measuring com
partment from its normal upright position to its dispens
ing position, and the position of said other end of the
conduit relative to said bottom wall of the receptacle
determining the measuring capacity of the dispenser.
2. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the
conduit is axially movable whereby the position of said
end edge of said conduit is changeable relative to the
bottom wall of the receptacle to alter the capacity of
portant advantage of the construction whereby the inlet
14 is formed across a portion of the periphery of the 10 the measuring compartment and the quantity of material
to be dispensed.
edge 4 of the ?ared end of the conduit 6, with the
3. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the
remainder of the edge 4 engaging the side wall 2, is
wherein the outlet passageway is located.
As shown in all of the ?gures of the drawing, and
particularly as illustrated in FIGS. I1 and IV, an im
said other end of the conduit is ?ared and the said end
edge in contact with said surface constitutes a portion
of the periphery of such ?ared end.
4. The invention ‘according to claim 1, wherein the said
sibly gravitate back into the supply compartment 8 and
lower end portion of the receptacle forming the measur
accordingly there is provided a greater accuracy in con
ing compartment is of circular cross-section, the said
nection with the dispensing of the material than would
conduit having said other end ?ared and said ?ared end
be the case if it were possible for the material to gravi
tate back into the supply compartment 8‘ anywhere around 20 having a periphery which is circular through a major part
the periphery or edge 4 of the ‘?ared end portion 5 of
of its extent and conforms to the circular surface of the
measuring compartment wall, the remaining part of said
the conduit.
The capacity of measuring compartment 1 is con
periphery extending chordally to the circular wall of
trolled by the slidable conduit 6 and its ?ared end
the measuring compartment and providing said inlet
portion 5 and is determined by the space between the 25 passageway. '
lower edge 4 of the ?ared end portion 5 and the bottom
5. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the
wall 3 of the measuring compartment 1.
conduit has said other end ?ared and a major extent of
When it is desired to completely shut off communica
the periphery of such ?ared end engages the wall of the
tion from the inside of the container 12 to the outside
said lower portion of the receptacle, the remaining ex
thereof the container with its dispenser is placed in an 30 tent of said periphery being spaced from the side
inverted position to allow material in the measuring
wall of the measuring compartment and providing
compartment to ?ow therefrom and the conduit 6, with
said inlet passageway into the measuring compartment,
its ?ared end portion is moved inward until the lower
said conduit being axially movable through the container
edge 4 of the ?ared end portion 5 contacts the bottom
top wall for adjusting the position of said ?ared end rela
35 tive to the bottom wall of the measuring compartment
wall 3 of the measuring compartment 1.
While the speci?cation sets forth in detail the con
whereby to alter the capacity of the measuring compart
struction of the device, deviation from the construction
ment and the quantity of material to be dispensed.
shown may be resorted to without departing from the
6. The invention according to claim 1, wherein the
spirit of the invention as de?ned in the appended claims.
said lower end portion of the receptacle forming the
In view of the foregoing description, taken in con 4.0 measuring compartment is of circular cross section, the
junction With the accompanying drawings, it is deemed
said conduit having said other end ?ared and a major
that a clear understanding of the invention will be ap
portion of said ?ared end of said conduit has engagement
parent to those skilled in the art. Therefore a more
with the side wall of said lower portion of the receptacle
detailed description islaccordingly thought unnecessary.
and the said major portion of the ?ared end having a
Having described the invention, what is claimed as
periphery of circular contour concentric with the engaged
new is:
portion of the said side wall of the receptacle.
1. A dispenser for a container having a top wall and
7. The invention according to claim 1, wherein a por
a side wall, said dispenser comprising an elongate recep
tion of the periphery of said side wall of the receptacle
tacle having a side wall, a bottom end wall and an upper
at the upper end of the latter is in closely spaced adja
end, said upper end of the receptacle being joined to the 50 cency to the side wall of the container at that side of the
inner side of the container top wall and the receptacle
side wall of the upper end of the receptacle which is on
depending from said top wall into the container, the side
the
opposite side of the outlet conduit from the inlet pas~
wall of the receptacle adjacent to the upper end having
sageway, the remaining portion of the periphery of
a material admission opening therethrough, the said
upper end portion of the receptacle forming a material 55 said side wall of said receptacle being spaced inwardly
from the side Wall of the container and providing by such
supply compartment and the lower end portion forming
that when the container is in dispensing position, as
illustrated in FIGS. II and IV, only a minor portion of
the material in the measuring compartment 1 can pos
a material measuring compartment, an outlet conduit ex
spacing a passageway between the side wall of the con
tainer and the side wall of the receptacle leading to the
tending at one end through said top wall and terminat
said material admission opening.
ing at its other end within the material measuring com
partment and providing an outlet passageway from the 60
. References Cited in the ?le of this patent
measuring compartment into the outlet conduit, the said
UNITED STATES PATENTS
other end of the conduit having an end edge thereof in
contact with the surface of the material measuring com
1,297,244
R'auen ______________ .... Mar. 11, 1919
partment side wall through the major extent of such
1,877,808
Cagliostro ____________ .._ Sept. 20, 1932
surface around said end edge, the remaining extent of
2,021,004
Garrido _____________ __ Nov. 12, 1935
said surface around said end edge being spaced from a
2,269,876
Jensen ______________ __ Jan. 13, 1942
portion of said end edge and providing between said
other end and the said measuring compartment side wall
an inlet passageway from the supply compartment to
the measuring compartment, said outlet passageway being
in one side of said measuring compartment and said
inlet passageway being in the opposite side of said measur
ing compartment and adjacent a side of side outlet pas
sageway when the container is in its normal upright
position, the container being tipped in the direction to 75
2,335,363
2,407,377
2,425,142
Shelton _____________ __ Nov. 30, 1943
Meyer ______________ __ Sept. 10, 1946
Brubaker _____________ __ Aug. 5, 1947
2,535,845
Fink __________ "y ____ .._ Dec. 26, 1950
2,739,741
Barnett ____________ __ Mar. 27, 1956
2,801,034
Silver ______________ __ July 30, 1957
1,064,934
France ______________ __ Dec. 30, 1953
FOREIGN PATENTS
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