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Патент USA US3024578

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March 13, 1962
M. R. NIF-'KE
3,024,567
Toy
Filed Feb. 29, 1960
57
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Unite States
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y
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1
3,024,561
ToY
Max R. Niflre, 1031 Case Ave., St. Paul, Minn.
Filed Feb. 29, 1960, Ser. No. 11,594
6 Claims. (Cl. ‘i6-124)
This invention relates to toys and more specifically to
a toy which when actuated simulates a feeding-like action
3,024,567
Patented Mar. 13, 1962
upstanding end iianges 23 having their upper surfaces
slightly rearwardly declined.
An elongate rod 2d is positioned within housing 1‘0 and
extends transversely between side walls `12 and supported
thereby as best seen in FIG. 3. A plurality of substan
tially upright, bird-like figures 25 are mounted for swing
ing oscillation on rod 24 and each of these bird-like ñg
ures has a head portion 26 and a body portion 27. In the
embodiment shown, the bird-like figures are of similar
of a plurality of bird-like figures.
An object of this invention is to provide a novel toy,
of simple and inexpensive construction, which is arranged
and constructed for easy operation and when operated,
simulates a feeding-like action of a plurality of bird-like
of each of the bird-like figures extends through one of
the slots 15 while the body portion 27 of each of these
figures.
It will also be noted, as best seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, that
Another object of this invention is to provide a novel
toy including a plurality of bird-like figures positioned
the head portions 26 are positioned above the feeding
within a house with their heads extending outwardly there
from and including actuating means arranged and con
structed >to cause oscillation of the bird-like figures in a
manner to simulate a feeding-like action.
A more speci-fic object of this invention is to provide
a novel toy including a plurality of bird-like ‘figures posi
tioned in side-by-side relation within a house with their
heads extending outwardly therefrom and positioned
above a feeding support, and actuating means for oscillat
ing the bird-like figures in a manner to simulate a feed
ing-like action.
These and other objects and advantages of this inven
tion will more fully appear from the following descrip
tion, made in connection with the accompanying drawings,
construction and configuration and the head-like portion
birds is positioned within the interior of the house' 10.
support 20 for movement toward and away 'from the
feeding support. Each of the bird-like figures 25 has a
curved bottom belly surface 28 extending generally rear
wardly from the rod 24, the function of which will be
described hereinbelow.
Means are also provided for producing swinging oscil
lation of the bird-like figures and includes an elongate
shaft position within house 10 and extending transversely
between side walls 12 with the end portions of the shaft
being journalled within these side walls. Referring now
to FIG. 2, it will be noted that shaft 29 is positioned
slightly below and somewhat rearwardly of rod 24 and
is provided with a plurality of eccentric cams 30. In the
present embodiment, these cams 30 as seen in FIG. 2
are actually U-shaped bends formed in shaft 29, which
wherein like reference characters refer to the same or
bends extend radially outwardly from the general longi
similar parts throughout the several views, and in which:
tudinal axis of the shaft. It will also be noted that cams
FIG. 1 is a front and side perspective view of my novel
îOY;
FIG. 2 is a vertical section taken approximately along
line 2-2 of FIG. l and looking in the direction of the
other and in the present embodiment, each cam 30 is
offset 90° relative to the next adjacent cam. With this
arrows;
in the direction of the arrows as indicated in FIG. 3
will cause the cam 39 to be moved against the curved
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of my novel toy with the
top thereof removed.
30 are disposed in angulated relation with respect to each
staggered arrangement of the cams, rotation of shaft 29
belly surface 2S of its associated bird-like figure and
One embodiment of my invention as seen in the draw 40 will cam the rear portion of the bird-like ligure upwardly
ings comprises a house designated in its entirety by refer
ence numeral 1t). This house 10 includes a substantially
flat rectangular bottom wall 11 having upright end or
side walls 12 secured thereto at opposite edges thereof
and having an upright rear wall 13 secured thereto.
House 10 also includes a front wall 14 whose height is
slightly larger than that of the rear wall 13 and which is
provided with a plurality o-f vertically extending slots 15
which defines a plurality of vertically extending slats 16.
Referring now to FIG. 2, it will b'e seen that the slats 16
are interconnected and reinforced adjacent their upper
ends by a cross piece 17.
A substantially fiat rectangular roof 1S is removably
positioned upon the upper edges of the respective front,
rear side walls and roof 1'8 is provided with stop means 19
in the form of elongate strips which are secured to the
underside of the roof and which engage the front and
rear wall respectively to retain these in place as best seen
in FIG. 2. The roof is inclined forwardly as a result of
the slightly higher front wall 14.
Referring now to FIG. l, it will be noted that slots
thereby pivoting the bird about rod 24 which urges the
head portion downwardly towards the feeding support 20.
Further rotation of shaft 29 will cause the cam 30 to
be moved away from its associated bird-like figure and
because of the position of the bird-like vfigures 25 on the
rod 24, a state of equilibrium or balance of these bird
like figures will be recahed only when the head portion
26 of the bird-like figure is positioned upwardly away
from the feeding trough 20 so that the curved belly por
tion is normally in engagement with its associated cam.
Thus the staggered relation of the cams 30 longitudinally
along shaft 29 plus the manner in which the bird-like
figures 25 are «mounted on rod 24 will produce a swinging
oscillation of these bird-like figures when elongate shaft
29 is rotated. This oscillating movement of these bird
like figures will simulate a feeding-like action. Shaft
29 extends outwardly from one of the side walls 12 and
has an offset portion defining a handle 31 which facili
tates rotation of the shaft.
From the foregoing description, it will be seen that I
have provided a novel toy device including a plurality
of bird-like ñgures pivotally mounted in a house and
which includes manually operable cam means which when
actuated will cause oscillation of the bird-like figures
thereby simulating a feeding-like action. It will be
65
noted that in my novel toy device, the bird-like figures
15 are of equal size and configuration and that these
slots terminate at their lower ends substantially above
the lower edge of the front wall. An elongate, hori
zontally-disposed feeding support 2t) is secured to the
exterior surface of front wall 14 adjacent the lower termi
which are oscillated, are not directly connected to the
nal portions of the slots 15. It will be noted that feed
actauting means but merely engage the actuating means
ing support 20* spans the entire longitudinal extent of
so there is little danger of malfunctioning of my novel
front wall 14 and includes a substantially flat elongate,
toy device. It will also be noted that because of its uni
generally rectangular bottom wall 2-1 having an elongate 70 quely simple construction and operation, my novel toy
is especially adaptable for small children.
opstanding front flange 22 secured thereto and having
3,024,567
3
4
It will, of course, be understood that various changes
may be made in the form, details, arrangement and pro
portions of the parts without departing from the scope of
this invention which consists of the matter shown and
is moved between elevated and lowered positions, each
described herein and set forth in the appended claims.
the rod, means defining a feed supporting surface spaced
below the heads of the bird-like figures, each of said bird
What is claimed is:
1. A toy comprising a supporting structure, a sub
stantially horizontal rod on the supporting structure, a
plurality of substantially upright, bird-like figures mounted
for vertical swinging oscillation on said rod so that the
heads of each bird-like figure is moved between elevated
and lowered position, each of said figures having a curved
bottom belly surface extending generally rearwardly from
the rod, means defining a feed-supporting surface spaced
below the heads of the bird-like figures, each of said bird
like figures being mounted on said rod so that the former
when in a state of equilibrium and in the absence of ex
ternal force will have their heads disposed in elevated posi
of said figures having its head extending outwardly of said
house through one of said apertures and having a curved
bottom belly surface extending generally rearwardly from
like ñgures being mounted on said rod in such a manner
that the former when in a state of equilibrium and in
the absence of external force will have their heads dis
posed in an elevated position, a drive shaft rotatably
mounted with the house and having a plurality of ec
centric cams each engaging the belly surface of a cor
responding bird-‘like figure and producing swinging oscil
lation of the bird-like figure when the shaft is revolved
to cause the heads of the bird-like figures to be moved
towards the feed-supporting surface, and means for rotat
ing the shaft whereby to simulate a feeding-like action
of the bird-like figures.
4. The structure as defined in claim 3 wherein said
tion a drive shaft journalled on the supporting structure
and having a plurality of eccentric cams each engaging 20 roof is removable.
5. The structure as defined in claim 3 wherein some
the belly surface of a corresponding bird-like figure and
of said eccentric cams are disposed in angulated relation
producing swinging oscillation of the bird-like ñgure
with respect to other of said cams.
when the shaft is revolved to cause the heads of the bird
6. The structure as defined in claim 3 wherein said
like figures to be moved towards the feed-supporting
means for rotating said shaft comprises a handle con
surface, and means for rotating the shaft, whereby to
neoted to said shaft and positioned eXteriorly of the
simulate a feeding-like action of the bird-like figures.
house.
2. The structure as defined in claim 1 wherein some
of said cams are angularly offset with respect to other
of said cams.
3. A toy comprising a house including upstanding 30
peripheral `walls and having a roof positioned upon said
walls, one of said walls having a plurality of upright
apertures formed therein, a substantially horizontal rod
positioned within said house for support thereby, a plural
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNlTED STAT ES PATENTS
1,789,095
2,398,471
2,402,463
ity of substantially upright, bird-like iignires positioned
FOREIGN PATENTS
within said house and mounted for vertical swinging oscil
lation on said rod so that the head of each bird-like figure
Berger ______________ __ Jan. 13, 1931
Short et al. __________ -- Apr. 16, 1946
Sullivan _____________ __ June 18, 1946
263,377
Germany ____________ __ Aug. 8, 1913
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
Patent N0. 3,024,567
March 13, 1961.
Max R. Nifke
It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered pai
ent requiring correction and that the -saìd Letters Patent should read as
corrected below.
Column 4,
line ll, for "with" read -B- within -
Signed and sealed this 19th day of June 1962.
(SEAL)
Attest:
ERNEST w. swIDER
DAVID L» LADD
Attesting Officer
Commissioner of Patents
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