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Патент USA US3024910

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March 13, 1962
G. REITZEL
3,024,899
CASE FOR CIGARETTES OR OTHER SMALL ARTICLES
Filed July 31, 1959
/5
/8a
-
FIG. u
"
INVENTOR.
GEO/Q6 REYTZEL
'BYMWMW
A Tromews
3,024,899
United States Patent 0 "
Patented Mar. 13, 1962
1
_
2
FIG. 9 is a plan view upon the right hand side of the
3,024,899
case of FIG. 8.
FIG. 10 is a section taken on line 10—10 of FIG. 8 on
CASE FOR CIGARETTES OR OTHER SMALL
ARTICLES
Georg Reitzel, Altenmittlau, Kreis Gelnhausen, Germany,
assignor to Drescher & Kiefer, Altenmittlau, Kreis
Gelnhausen, Germany, a ?rm of Germany, and Ran
dolph-Rand Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corpora
tion of ‘New York
5
an enlarged scale, and
FIG. 11 is a view similar to FIG. 7, but showing the
casein its opened condition.
'
Referring now to the ?gures in detail, the case as
shown has a generally rectangular con?guration, but the
Filed July 31, 1959, Ser. No. 830,793
4 Claims. (Cl. 206-15)
invention is not limited to such con?guration. The case
may be visualized as being, for instance, a key case, but
The present invention relates to cases, generally sub
stantially rectangular cases, formed of two complementary
the key receiving hooks generally associated with such
parts held closed by a closure means and suitable for use
as key cases, cigarette cases, cases for small toilet articles
standing of the invention.
and similar uses, and more particularly to the closure
means for such cases.
'
There are known and on the market numerous designs
of closure means for cases of the general kind above de
scribed.
All have in common arelease member protrud
ing from one side of the case.
This member when suit
ably actuated for instance by pushing or pressing, releases
a catch holding together the two parts of the case. ‘
it is an object of the invention‘ to provide a novel and
improved case of the general kind above referred to, the
case are not shown as they are not essential for the under
‘The case is composed of two parts 15 and 16. Each
part comprises a metal frame 17 and 18 respectively.
The frames have an L~shaped cross section forming a long
L ‘arm 17a and 180 respectively and a short L arm 17b
and 18.5 respectively. Shells are secured to the frames by
any means suitable and known for the purpose. The
shells may or may not be covered with ornamental mate
rial such as leather. The shells and the mounting thereof
on the frames do not constitute part of the invention and
are hence not described in detail.
The two frames are joined along complementary edges
closure means of which do not require a release member 25 by a hinge means shown as a piano hinge 19. The hinge
protruding from the outline of the case and thus visible
comprises a plurality of aligned sections 19a and 19b.
from the outside. The absence of such externally visible
release member of the closure mechanism enhances the
A leaf ‘spring 20 is inserted in the sections of the hinge
and secured therein in twisted condition by any suitable
general appearance of the case.
means indicated in FIG. 2 as a dimpling at 21.
It lends the case an in
The leaf
teresting and surprising effect, it protects the closure 30 spring is so tensioned that it will swing the two parts of
mechanism from damage and it also protects to a certain
extent the owner against unauthorized and clandestine
opening of the case. A person not familiar with the
mechanism will find it difficult, if not impossible, to open
the case into the open position of FIG. 11 when the
closure mechanism described hereinafter, is released.
Closure Mechanism
the case Without visible damage to the same.‘
“It
On the outside of the long L arm 17a along which
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel
frames 17 and 18 are hinged to each other, there are pro
and improved case of the general kind above referred to,
vided longitudinally extended guide means shown as tracks
which can be opened only by exerting a pressure upon the
25 and 26. The tracks may extend substantially along
parts of the case in a predetermined direction not ap~
the entire length of the respective side of frame 17, or
parent to anyone unfamiliar with the closure mechanism 40 several lengthwise spaced track sections may be provided.
and which can be closed in the usual manner by pressing
A ?at bar 27 is retained and slidably guided in the tracks
the two parts against each other.
for longitudinal displacement of the bar relative to the
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
frame 17. One or both tracks are bent over at both ends
novel and improved case the closure mechanism of which
as shown at 250 to restrain the sliding motion of the bar
will positively lock the two parts to each other, but release 45 in the tracks.
the same when and only when the two parts are slightly
All of the hinge sections 19a are secured to frame 18
displaced relative to each other and in the predetermined
and more speci?cally to the short L arm 18b thereof and
direction.
Other and further objects, features and advantages of
all the hinge sections 1% are secured to bar 27 as can
FIG. 4 is a section taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 5 is a section taken on line 5—5 of FIG. 1 on an
enlarged scale.
1
FIG. 6 is a section taken on line 6--6 of FIG. 1 on an
is suitably secured to the housing for instance by means
of a stud 32 and the other end of the spring is secured
to ‘bar 27 through an elongated opening 33 in frame side
the invention will be pointed out hereinafter and set forth 50 best be seen in FIG. 4. Accordingly, bar 27 and with it
frame 18 can be displaced lengthwise of and parallel to
in the appended claims forming part of the application.
frame 17 within guide tracks 25 and 26. Furthermore,
In the accompanying drawing a preferred embodiment
frames 17 and 18 can be pivoted relative to each other
of the invention is shown by way of illustration and not
about the. pivot axis of the piano hinge, or in other words,
by way of limitation.
In the drawing:
'
55 the case can be opened and closed by swinging parts 15
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a casetaccording to the inven
and 16 toward and away from each other, leaf spring 20
tion in its closed condition.
‘
.
urging the two parts of the case into the open position
FIG. 2 is a section of part of the closure mechanism on
of FIG. 11.
an enlarged scale.
,
On the inside of the hinged side of frame 17 there
FIG. 3 is a detail view of a spring associated with the 60 is provided a housing 30 which may be formed directly
closure mechanism for effecting opening of the case when
out of the material ‘of the vframe by a suitable machining
_ the closure mechanism is released.
‘operation, or be secured to the frame. A coiled spring 31
enlarged scale.
' FIG. 7 is a view upon the lower short side of the case
is disposed within‘the housing. One end of the spring
17a. For this purpose, bar 27 is slotted at 27a and spring
31 terminates in a hook 31a reaching into the slot and
of FIG. 1.
over the bar as shown in FIG. 2.
>
70
FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 1, but showing the two
Spring 31 is so tensioned that it will urge bar 27
case parts displaced relative to each other.
and with it frame 18 into a parallel position relative to
3,024,899
3
4
frame 17 in which the two frames occupy a position in
What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by
Letters Patent is:
l. A case comprising two generally rectangular com
which the two case parts 15 and 16 of the case are in
registry. This position is shown in FIG. 1.
As is apparent, the two parts of the case can be dis
placed relative and parallel to each other. ‘against the
action of spring 31 so that they will occupy the posi
tion shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 relative to each other. Dis
placement of the parts is effected by asserting edgewise
pressure upon the short sides of parts 15 and 16 in op
posite direction as indicated by the arrows in FIG. 9.
When such pressure upon the two parts is relaxed, they
will be automatically and immediately returned into the
position of registry according to FIG. 1.
The relative displacement of the two casing parts is
utilized to control the ‘locking and releasing of parts 15 15
and 16 of the case.
plementary frames, a bar, a piano hinge including a plu
rality of-knuckle segments alternately secured to the out
side of a side of one of said frames and said bar respective
ly, a pair of guide tracks extending along the outsideof a
complementary side of the other frame and slidably re
ceiving said bar to permit displacement of the two frames
in parallel planes, swinging of the frames about said hinge
opening and closing respectively the case, catch means on
the complementary frame side opposite to the aforemen
tioned complementary frame sides coacting with each
other to lock the two frames in a position of transverse
registry thereof and to release the two frames in a posi~
tion of displacement relative to each other, and a coiled
tension spring disposed along the inside of the frame side
having said guide tracks, one end of said spring being con
nected to said frame side having said tracks and the other
parts of the case. Basically, the catch means comprise
a locking component on one frame which is in looking en 20 to said bar, said spring urging said frames to said position
of transverse registry.
gagement with a locking component on the other frame
The locking of the case is effected by catch means which
are controlled by the relative parallel position of the two
2. A case according to claim 1 wherein each of said
when the two frames are in the position of registry ac
cording to FIG. 1 and which is released from such look
frames has a L-shaped cross section, one L arm of one
ing engagement when thetwo frames are in the displaced
frame engaging the corresponding L arm of the other
25 frame in parallel abutment in the closed position of the
position of FIGS. 8 and 9.
>
case, and wherein said catch means comprise, a latch hook
More speci?cally, a catch hook 40 terminating in a
secured to the respective side of one frame and a recess
portion 441a is secured to the inside of frame arm 18 pro
engageable with the hook in the respective side of the
other frame, said recess having a slot portion extending
41 comprises a slot portion 41:; which extends lengthwise 30 lengthwise within the second L arm of the respective frame
side and a portion extending from said slot transversely
within frame arm 17a and is continued at one end into
into the ?rst L arm of said frame side, said hook occupy
a transverse portion 41b extended into the short frame
ing the slot in the locking position of the catch means
arm 17b. As is apparent, hook 40 when occupying slot
and moving into the transverse recess portion upon paral
portion 41a will retain and positively lock the two parts
15 and 16 to each other, but will release the two parts 35 lel displacement of the frames into the position of dis
placement relative to each other.
when moved into recess portion 41b.
3. A case according to claim 1 and comprising a closed
The Operation 0)‘ the Case
housing for said spring mounted on the inside of the frame
truding beyond frame L arm 18b. Hook 49 coacts with
a recess v41 in the corresponding side of frame 17. Recess
side having said guide tracks, said frame side having an
Let it be assumed that the case is closed, that is, that
the two parts 15 and 16 are in registry and catch hook 40 aperture within the space de?ned by the housing, the end
of the spring secured to the bar extending through said
41 occupies slot 41a. When it is now desired to open
aperture and, the other end of the spring being secured
the case, the user displaces the two parts 15 and 16
within the spring housing.
parallel to each other as indicated in ‘FIG. 9. The bar '
4. A case comprising two generally rectangular com
27, being slidable in guide tracks 25 and 26, permits such
parallel displacement. As a result, hook 40a is moved 45 plementary frames, a bar, a hinge including parts alter~
from slot 41a into recess portion 41b and tensioned
spring 20 will open the case. The two case parts will
nately secured‘ to the outside of a side of one of said
frames and said bar respectively, a pair of guide tracks
extending along the outside of a complementary side of
the other frame and slidably receiving said bar to permit
automatically return into the position of registry due to
the tension of spring 3-1.
To close the case, it is merely necessary to press the 50 displacement of the two frames in parallel planes, swing
ing of the frames about said hinge opening and closing
two parts 15 and 16 against each other. Hook 40 due
respectively the case, catch means on the complementary
to its slanted edge, in conjunction with the yielding of
frame side opposite the aforementioned complementary
spring 31, will automatically force itself into its locking
frame sides coacting with each other to lock the two
position in slot 41a.
As is apparent, no part of the closure mechanism pro 55 frames in a position of transverse registry thereof and to
release the two frames in a position of displacement rela
trudes ‘from the peripheral outline of the case when the
tive to each other, and a coiled tension spring disposed
same is closed. Accordingly, there is no indication to
along the inside of the frame side having said guide tracks,
any person not familiar with the closure mechanism how
one end of said spring being connected to said frame side
the same can be operated. There is also no danger that
60 having said tracks and the other to said bar, said spring
any protruding part of the closure mechanism can be
urging said frames to said position of transverse registry.
come entangled with any item such as a handkerchief
carried for instance in a lady’s handbag which may cause . _
an unintended opening of the catch.
While the invention has been described in detail with 65
respect to a certain now preferred example and embodi
ment of the invention it will be understood by those skilled
in the art after understanding the invention, that various
changes and modi?cations may be made without depart
ing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and it is 70
intended, therefore, to cover all such changes and modi
?cations in the appended claims.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
612,572
Robertson ___________ _; Oct. 18, 1898
1,485,221
1,923,560
2,606,774
Gee ________________ .. Feb. 26, 1924
Whittaker __________ __ Aug. 22, 1933
Zalkind _____________ __ Aug. 12, 1952
353,628
353,769
Great Britain _________ __ July 30, 1931
Great Britain _________ __ July 30, 1931
FOREIGN PATENTS
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