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Патент USA US3025129

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March 13, 1962
H. HoWE
3,025,120
FOLDING TABLES
Filed OC‘È. 18, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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March 13, 1962
H, HoWE
3,025,120
FOLDING TABLES
Filed OCt. 18, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
BY
7%@ /4/
ATTOR EY
nited States Patent dice
Patented Mar'. 13, 1962
l
2
3,025,120
cent their lower ends and are attached to casters on wheels
w on which the table may be moved in folded and partly
FOLDING TABLES
folded positions.
Harold Howe, Rowayton, Conn., assignor to Howe Foldn
ing Furniture, Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of
The support means attached to the top part 1t) com
prises the intermediate portion 34 which is rotatably
New York
mounted in tubular bearings 38 provided on the under
surface of top half 1t! and the end portions which are legs
32 and 36. Extending between the legs 32 and 36 adja
Filed Det. 18, 1960, Ser. No. 63,422
7 Claims. (fCl. 311-92)
This invention relates to folding tables the legs of which
cent their lower ends is a sleeve or rotator 42 the ends of
are mounted on wheels, and particularly to improved l0 which are closed by plugs p screwed on to the ends of
means for preventing inadvertent and undesired move
screws 39 which extend through the legs 32 and 36 re
ment of the unfolded table across a iioor.
spectively.
An object of the invention is to provide a folding table
with means for frictionally engaging a Hoor surface which
is actuated automatically when the table is unfolded.
The invention will best be understood if the following
description is read in connection With the drawings, in
Similarly the support means pivotally attached to top
part f2 is an inverted U-member comprising legs 46 and
Sil, and the intermediate portion 48 which is rotatably
mounted on the under surface of the top half 12 in the
manner described in connection with the support means
for the outer end of top part 10. Extending between the
legs 46 and 50 ís a rotatable sleeve or rotator 52 which
which,
FIGURE l is a perspective view looking at one side
and one end of a table,
20 is mounted in the same Way as rotator 42.
Each rotator
FIGURE 2 is an end view of the structure shown in
rotates on the shank of the plugs p which close its ends.
FIGURE 1, partly broken away to show portions of both
Projecting from one or both of the rotators 42 and 52
support means,
is a finger which engages the floor when the table is un
FIGURE 3 is a detail perspective view,
»
folded. As shown a finger 44 projects from and rotates
FIGURE 4 is a detail view partly in section, taken o 25 with rotator 42 and a ñnger S4 projects from and rotates
the line 4*-4 of FIGURE 2,
with the rotator 52. Fingers 44 and S4 may be enlarged
FIGURE 5 is a detail View partly in section of a rotat
at their outer ends and have contact surfaces of rubber
ing sleeve and its mounting,
or other material adapted to frictionally engage the licor.
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary bottom perspective View
A pair of second links 56 and 58 are provided extend
showing the table top parts interconnected by V-forming
links which are bent inwardly so that the lower ends of
one pair approach the inner ends of the other pair, and
30
ing between the pintle rod 3d and the rotators 42 and
52V‘r'espectively. Links 56 and 53 are mounted for ro
tation on the pintle rod 3f) and fixed to the rotators 42
and 52 respectively. As shown herein the inner ends of
FIGURE 7 is an end view of the link structure shown
in FIGURE 6.
links 56 and 58 are welded to sleeves 57 and 59 which are
The table structure shown herein comprises two top 35 free to rotate on the pintle rod 3f).
parts 10 and 12 hinged together at their inner ends by
In FIGURES 6 and 7 the links 26’ and 28’ of each set
the hinges 14 so that they may be moved from a folded
of V-forming links are shown bent inwardly with their
position, in which the parts are disposed in substantially
lower ends pivotally interconnected on a pintle rod 30"
abutting end to end relation, to a folded position in which
similar to pintle rod 3() but shorter than pintle rod 3i).
40
the top parts are disposed in adjacent and substantially
Thus one set of links 26', 28' is bent inwardly toward the
parallel planes. A pair of parallel angle members 16 and
other set of links 26', 2S’ and the lower ends of the two
18 are provided on the under surface of top part 10 and a
sets are pivoted at opposite ends of the pintle rod 39’.
similar pair of parallel angle members 20 and 22 are pro
The sleeves 57’ and 59' are similarly shorter. The modi
vided on the under surface of top part 12. The leaves
fied structure shown in FIGURES 6 and 7 is desirable in
14a and 14h of hinges 14 are secured to the aligned 45 some cases to provide additional knee room.
inner ends of members 16 and 20, and 18 and 22 respec
As the table is folded upwardly from the center of the
tively, and are joined by a pivot pin or pintle 24.
top the links S6 and 58 pull the lower ends of the legs
Adjacent each side of the table a pair of first links 26
32 `and A36, and 46 and 50, inwardly, ‘and as the angle of
and 28 are provided, pivotally attached at their upper
the links 56 and 58 changes the rotators 42 and 52 are
ends to the top parts 1t)> and 12 respectively, at similar 50 rotated and elevate the fingers 44 and 54 out of frictional
distances from the inner ends of the top parts, as by
engagement with the surface on which the table is sup
attachment to angle members 16 and 20, and 18 and 22
ported. As this surface is usually a floor on which the
respectively, and at their lower ends both sets of links 26
wheels or casters w move easily there is little resistance to
and 28 are pivoted to a common pivot or pintle rod 30,
movement of the table when the members 44 and 54 are
which extends transversely of the top below the hinge 55 not frictionally engaging the floor. This is an advantage
line of the top, forming V-shaped means interconnecting
in `moving the table when it is folded or partly folded.
the top parts at their inner ends and having their apices
However when the table is unfolded and in use the fingers
beneath, and vertically in line with, the pintles 24 of the
44 and 54 perform a very useful function in preventing
hinges interconnecting the top parts.
inadvertent and undesired moving of the table. If it is
Instead of two pairs of first links a single pair may be 60 desired to change the position of the table while it is in
used in which case the links will preferably be attached
use it is only necessary to initiate folding movement to
to the top parts along the longitudinal center line of the
disengage
members 44 and S4 from the floor surface.
parts respectively.
The positioning of fingers 44 and 54 `to make them op
The outer ends of the top parts are supported on sup
port means hinged to the top parts adjacent their outer 65 erative or to disengage them from the lioor surface is
done automatically since they are initially disposed on
ends respectively and each comprising a rotatable cross
the rotators at the correct rotary angle to engage the
bar. As shown herein, the support means are inverted
floor only `when the table is substantially fully unfolded.
U-members, the intermediate portions of which are rotat
The rotators 42 ‘and 52 and their fingers 44 and 54 respec
ably mounted in tubular bearings provided on the under
surface of the table top respectively adjacent their outer 70 tively thus provide a valuable improvement of folding
table structures, such, for example, as that disclosed in
ends, and the end portions of the support means are legs
which are turned outwardly in opposite directions adja
my Patent 1,808,305 issued June 2, 1931, especially when
3,025,120
this structure is employed in a longer table such as that
disclosed herein.
There has thus been provided a structure in which the
objects stated above are accomplished in a thoroughly
practical manner.
What I claim is:
1. A folding table comprising two top parts hinged to
the table »is unfolded to a position out of engagement
with said surface when the table is folded.
5. A folding table comprising two top parts hinged
together for movement between a position in which the
parts are valigned in substantially abutting relation in un
folded position to a position in which the parts are dis
posed in substantially parallel vertical planes in folded
position, a pair of legs mounted on wheels and pivotally
gether for movement between ya position in which the
parts are aligned in substantially abutting relation in un
attached to each top part adjacent its outer end, each
folded position to a position in which the parts are dis 10 pair of legs having a cross rod extending transversely
posed in substantially parallel vertical planes in folded
of the table, means for mounting the cross rods for
rotation around their axes respectively, a pair of first
position, a pair of legs mounted on wheels and pivotally
links pivotally connected at one end to the top parts
attached to each part adjacent its outer end, each pair of
respectively, and pivotally connected yat the other end to
legs being interconnected and spaced apart by a cross rod
a common pintle, and a pair of second links pivotally
member extending transversely of the table and rotatable
connected at one end to said pintle, and iixedly connected
around its longitudinal taxis, a ñrst pair of links pivotally
at the other end to the rotatable cross rods of said leg
connected at one end to the top parts respectively and
means respectively, and fingers projecting from said ro
pivotally `connected together at the other end, and a sec
tatable cross rods respectively in a position such that
_ond pair of links pivotally connected `at one end to the
first links respectively, and iixedly connected at the other 20 Vas the table is folded they rotate with said cross rods
and move out of engagement with the surface upon which
end to the cross rods of said pairs of legs respectively, and
the table is supported and when the table is unfolded
ñoor engageable fingers projecting from said rotatable
they rotate with said cross rods and move into engage
cross rods respectively at a rotary angle such that the
fingers are out of contact with the floor when the table is
ment with said surface.
6. A folding table comprising two top parts hinged to
folded yand contact and frictionally engage the iioor when 25
gether for movement between a position in which the
`the table is unfolded.
parts are aligned in substantially abutting relation in un
2. A folding table comprising two top parts hinged to
folded position to a position in which the parts are dis
gether for movement between a position in which the
posed in substantially parallel vertical planes in folded
parts are aligned in substantially abutting relation in un
folded position to a position in which the parts are dis 30 position, a pair of legs mounted on wheels and pivotally
attached to each top part adjacent its outer end, each pair
posed in substantially parallel vertical planes in folded
of legs having a cross rod extending transversely of the
position, a pair of legs mounted on wheels and pivotally
table, means for mounting the cross rods for rotation
attached to each top part adjacent its outer end, each
pair of legs having a cross rod extending transverselyv of
around their 4axes respectively, a pair of iirst links pivotally
the table, means for mounting the cross rods for rotation 35 connected at one end to the top parts respectively, and
pivotally connected at the other end to a common pintle,
around their axes respectively, a pair of first links pivot
and a pair of second links pivotally connected at one end
ally connected at one end to the top parts respectively,
to said pintle, and íixedly connected at the other end to
and pivotally connected at the other end to a common
the rotatable cross rods of said pairs of legs respectively,
pintle, and a pair of second links pivotally connected
at one end to said pintle, and iixedly connected at the 40 and means disposed on and projecting from said rotatable
members respectively in a position such that as the table is
other end to the rotatable cross rods of said pairs of
legs respectively, and means disposed on and projecting
folded and unfolded they rotate with said cross rods and
from said rotatable cross rods respectively in a position
such that as the table is folded and unfolded they rotate
with said cross rods from a position in which they engage
the iioor w-hen the table is unfolded and move out of
engagement with the floor as the table is folded.
3. The table structure claimed in claim 2 in which a
engage the floor when the table is unfolded and move out
of engagement with the floor as the table is folded.
7. A folding table comprising two top parts hinged to
gether for movement between a position in which the parts
are aligned in substantially abutting relation in unfolded
position to a position in which the parts are disposed in
plurality of pairs of first links are provided and the pintle
substantially parallel vertical planes in folded position, a
means joining each pair is a common pintle rod and the 50 pair of legs mounted on wheels and pivotally attached to
second links lare respectively pivoted on said pintle rod.
each top part adjacent its outer end, each pair of legs
4. A folding table comprising two top parts hinged to
having a cross rod extending transversely of the table,
gether for movement between a position in which the
means for mounting the cross rods for rotation around
parts are disposed in substantially parallel vertical planes
their axes respectively, a pair of iirst links pivotally con
in folded position to a position in which the parts are 55 nected at one end to the top parts respectively, and pivotal
disposed in a common plane in unfolded position, leg
ly connected at the other end to a common pintle, and a
pair of second links pivotally connected at one end to said
means mounted on wheels and pivotally attached to each
pintle and fixedly connected at the other end to the rotat~
top part adjacent its outer end, each leg means compris
able cross rods of said pairs of legs respectively, -and
ing a rotatable member extending transversely of the
table, and means disposed on and projecting from said 60 meansvdisposed on and projecting Ifrom said rotatable
cross rods respectively in a position such that as the table
rotatable member rand adapted in one rotary position of
is folded and unfolded they rotate with said rotatable
said member to frictionally engage the surface on which
members and move out of engagement with the Hoor
the table is supported, a pair of first links pivotally con
when the table begins to fold, and move into engage
nected at one end to the top parts respectively, and pivot
ally connected at the other end to a common pintle, and 65 ment with the floor as the table becomes fully unfolded.
References Cited in the tile of this patent
a pair of second links pivotally connected at one end
to said pintle, and iixedly connected at the other end
UNITED STATES PATENTS
to the rotatable members respectively, and means dis
posed on .and projecting from said rotatable members 70
respectively in a position such that as the table is folded
`and unfolded they rotate with said rotatable members
from a position in which they engage said surface when
1,890,710
2,747,958
2,764,460
2,831,741
Williams ____________ __ Dec.
Wilson _ ____________ ___ May
Nelson ____ _________ __ Sept.
Wilson ______________ __ Apr.
13,
29,
25,
22,
1932
1956
1956`
1958
2,911,217
Hirsch et al. _________ __ Nov.> 3, 1959
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
PatentI No. 3,025,120
‘
March 13, 1962
Harold Howe
It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered pat
ent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as
corrected below.
In the drawings, Fig. 4, for numeral "20" reed
numeral -- 22 ----; Figo 6, for numeral "20" read
Signed and sealed this 3rd day of July 1962.
(SEAL)
Attest:
ERNEST w. swIDER
DAVID L. LADD
Attesting Officer
Commissioner of Patents
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