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Патент USA US3025659

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March 20, 1962
F. A. STUHLMAN
3,025,649
GARMENT BAGGING MACHINE
Filed Aug. 9, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet I.
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//v_ VEN TOR.
FRANK A. STUHLMAN
BY
9* W
March 20, 1962
F. A. STUHLMAN
GARMENT BAGGING MACHINE
Filed Aug. 9, 1957
3,025,649v
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4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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lAx'll/EN TOR.
FRANK A. STUHLMAN
BY
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March 20, 1962
F. A. STUHLMAN
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3,025,649
GARMENT BAGGING MACHINE
Filed Aug. 9, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
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62
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INVENTOR.
FRANK A. STUHLMAN
BY
FHJHE.
March 20, 1962
F. A. STUHLMAN
3,025,649
GARMENT BAGGING MACHINE
Filed Aug. 9, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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INVENTOR.
FRANK A. STUHLMAN
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rates atent
1
ice
1
3,025,649
Patented Mar. 20, 1962
2
The machine constructed according to this invention,
3,025,649
GARMENT BAGGING MACHINE
Frank A. Stnhlman, Elgin, Ill., assignor to E-Z Packaging
Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois
Filed Aug. 9, 1957, Ser. No. 677,267
5 Claims. (Cl. 53-256)
accomplishes this by taking advantage of the transparent
thermoplastic property of certain materials such as poly
ethylene. When a narrow blade heated between 300° F.
and 350° F. is pressed against polyethylene tubing, the
tubing is cut, and the sheets of polyethylene at the edges
of the out are fused together. This suggested both a
This invention relates to a garment ‘bagging machine
method of making garment bags, and this garment bag
and more particularly, to a garment bagging machine
ging machine, in which the previously complicated fold
provided with an automatic bag-forming mechanism.
ing and stapling operations are eliminated by using poly
Garment bagging machines have been devised in which
ethylene tubing, and the shoulder portions of the garment
the end portion of a roll of paper tubing is drawn over
bag are formed by pressing hot blades against it to both
a garment and then is manually cut and folded in order
cut the tubing and seal the portions of the tubing adjacent
to form a protective garment bag which corresponds to
the cut in one simple operation.
the length of the garment inside. These machines have 15
One object of this invention is to devise a ‘garment bag
proven very useful in laundry and dry cleaning establish
ging machine which can form the garment bag without
ments where the cleaned garments have to be bagged
resort to stapling or gluing.
to prevent them from becoming soiled before they are
Yet another object of this invention is to devise a gar
returned to the customer. A serious difli‘culty with bag
ment bagging machine which simultaneously cuts and
ging machines heretofore used was that the bag-forming 20 seals portions of the garment bag.
operation was not completely automatic. An employee ..
Another object of this invention is to devise a garment
had to operate the machine and then manually ?nish
bagging machine which is very inexpensive to make and
forming the garment bag. This was objectionably time
consuming and expensive, and it would be desirable to
easy to use.
Still another object of this invention is to make a gar
have a machine that could do all the necessary bag 25 ment bag entirely from a single material.
forming operations automatically. These operations in
A further object of this invention is to provide a ‘gar
volved cutting the paper tubing to the required size, fold
ment bag formed entirely from a transparent thermo
ing triangular-shaped sections at one end to form the
plastic material.
downwardly sloping garment bag shoulders, providing an
Still another object of this invention is to provide a
opening at the apex of these shoulders, and then fasten 30 garment bag formed entirely ‘from transparent polyethyl
ene tubing.
ing these folded sections to the main body of the garment
bag by stapling or by gluing. This is a relatively com
These and other objects will become more apparent
plicated series of operations, and a machine that could
when read in the light of the accompanying drawings and
speci?cation wherein:
do all of them automatically would be too costly to be
35
practical.
FIG. 1 is a front elevation-a1 view of the garment bag
Another objection to the bagging machines previously
ging machine with a portion of the platen removed;
‘
used was that the garment bags were formed from opaque
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the garment bag
paper. It is evident that a transparent material would
ging machine with the platen in an elevated position;
be more desirable both from the standpoint of the laundry
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the garment bag
or dry cleaning establishment and from the standpoint
ging machine with the platen in a work-engaging position;
of the customer. In the laundry, such transparent gar
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the garment bagging machine
ment bags would be useful when the identi?cation tags
with the pedestal removed;
on the garment are misplaced because it would make it
FIG. 5 is an enlarged front sectional view of the gar
much easier to sort out or ?nd the garments in question.
ment bagging machine with the pedestal removed, with
45
In the home, the transparent garment bag would make it
the platen in an elevated position, and with one of the
more convenient to identify the garments inside without
heating and cutting devices removed;
destroying or damaging the garment bags and thereby
FIG. 6 is a plan view of the cutting and sealing device
sacri?cing their dirt-protecting quality. Obviously, such
in the bagging machine;
transparent garment bags would provide a very attractive
sales feature to the laundry or the dry cleaning establish
ment which could provide them.
In line with these considerations, conventional or ready
device;
vice;
made garment bags have been provided with transparent
windows. These bags were objectionable because they
FIG. 5;
were expensive and because they came in a restricted 55
number of lengths. Since garments come in all sizes,
there is a considerable waste of material in using them.
In addition, there is the added inconvenience of storing
and stocking the different sized bags until they are to be
used.
It is evident that the most desirable solution would be
to form the garment bags from rolls of transparent tubing,
FIG. 7 is a bottom view of the cutting and sealing
FIG. 8 is an end view of the cutting ‘and sealing de
FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken on the line 9-9 of
FIG. 10 is a side sectional view similar to FIG. 9, but
with the platen in work-engaging position;
FIG. 11 is a plan view of a completed garment bag
showing in dotted lines where the polyethylene tubing
was cut and sealed;
FIG. 12 is a top plan view of a segment of the cutter
blade; and
FIG. 13 is a schematic elevational view showing a modi
as has been done with paper. Until now, the chief ob
?cation in the sheet feed for the machine.
stacle to this has been that the transparent materials
Referring now to FIG. 1 of the drawings, the garment
available were too expensive or they were too hard to 65 bagging machine indicated generally by the reference nu~
work with when employing the above-mentioned conven
tional bag-forming operations. This was due to their
tendency to tear when stapled and their resistance to
meral 10 comprises a vertically upstanding base or pedes
transparent material.
are rigidly connected to, the opposite ends of an arcuate
tal portion indicated generally by the reference numeral
12 and an attached head portion indicated generally by
gluing. What is needed, therefore, is a simple machine 70 the reference numeral 14. The head portion comprises
which can automatically make these garment bags from
spaced parallel vertical side frame members 16, and these
‘
‘
8,025,649
3
4
members 34, with the work-contacting edges 49 of the
blades 48 in spaced parallel relation therewith.
guide member 18 and to the ends of a reinforcing rod 20.
Spaced parallel and resilient retaining ?ngers 22 are se
In position of use, the blades 48 extend angularly up
wardly from the outer edges at an angle corresponding to
the slope of the shoulder-supporting portion of the gar
cured at one end to the reinforcing rod 20 by any con
ventional means (not shown), and these are spring biased
into engagement with the arcuate guide member 18, see
FIG. 2. These retaining ?ngers are adapted to hold the
ment hanger. I The inner edges 49a of the opposite blades
terminate short of the center and are slightly up-turned
polyethylene tubing on the arcuate guide member and pre
at their inner edges to effect a cutoff with a central tubu
vent it from falling off the machine.
lar portion extending upwardly about the center rod of
A rectangular supporting framework indicated gen
erally by the reference numeral 24 is rigidly secured to 10 the hanger, thereby to afford greater protection for the
garment while simultaneously providing a better sealing
the side frame members 16 by any conventional means.
This supporting framework is vertically positioned, and
is provided with spaced parallel pedestal clamping mem-'
relationship.
or top side 25 of the supporting framework. These guide
plates extend substantially the entire width of the ma
chine for purposes to be described below. The support
ing framework 24 is also provided with an integrally at 20
24 and includes integrally attached perpendicular side
As seen in FIGS. 4 and 5, a press or platen indicated
generally by the reference numeral 56 comprises a top
bers 26 which are rigidly secured to it at its upper and
lower sides, see FIG. 2. As seen in FIGS. 1 and 9, spaced 15 horizontal bar 58 which is slotted at 59. The'bar 58 is
parallel to the top side 25 of the supporting framework
parallel guide plates 28 and 30 are secured to the upper
tached, medially positioned support member 32 which is
parallel to the end members 27, see FIG. 1.
In addi
tion, a pair of integrally attached, diagonally extending
clamp and support members 34 are secured at one end
to the lower part of these end members. These clamp
and support members incline upwardly in the plane of the
supporting framework into engagement with the cen
trally positioned support member 32 at its upper portion
members 60, see FIG. 5. Diagonal support members 62
are rigidly connected to the lower ends of the side mem
bers 60 and extend upwardly toward the central portion
of the horizontal bar 58 where they are integrally secured
to the reinforcing member 64. These support members
are positioned to coincide with the shoulder-forming sup
port and clamp members 34 when the platen is in work
25 engaging position. As seen in FIGS. 9 and 10, spaced
parallel blade-supporting strips 61, of resilient sponge rub
ber, are integrally secured to the opposite sides of slot 59
on the inner surface of the horizontal bar 58, and addi
tional resilient sponge rubber strips 63 are secured to
33 and they are disposed at about the same obtuse angle
with respect to each other as the shoulder portions on the 30 the inner surfaces of the diagonal support members 62 for
purposes to become apparent below.
completed garment bag. Spaced parallel upstanding lugs
The entire platen is pivotally connected to the spaced
36 are mounted on the members 34, and clamping bolts
frame members 16 by means of spaced parallel upwardly
38 are in threaded engagement with these lugs. These
projecting cars 66 which are rigidly secured to the hori
bolts are adjustably positioned on the lugs in facing re
zontal bar 58 adjacent its ends, see FIG. 5. A horizontally
lationship and are parallel to the surface of the clamp and
positioned pivot rod 68 having an enlarged mounting
support members, see FIG. 5.
head 70 is rigidly secured to each of these upwardly pro
A pair of heated cutting and sealing devices, indicated
jecting ears by any conventional means, such as welding.
generally by the reference numeral 40, are adapted to be
These. pivot rods 68 extend outwardly in opposite direc
mounted on the diagonally extending clamp and support
tions and pass through a bearing '72 and an aperture 74
ing members. These devices, as seen in FIGS. 6, 7, and
formed in the side frame members 16, see FIGS. 1 and
8, comprise spaced parallel pairs of stepped, channel
5. Coil springs 76 are mounted on the portions of the
shaped support members 42. The outer channel portion
pivot rods 68 which extend through each of the frame
46 is provided with side blocks 46a and with a rear block
members. One end of each coil spring bears against the
46b of‘insulating material to insulate cutting and sealing
blades 48 having a rearward end portion 48a received in 45 side of the horizontal bar 58, and the other end bears
against the edge of the side frame member 16 to exert
?tting relationship between the blocks of insulation ma
a biasing force on the platen which tends to move it to its
terial. Thus, the insulating blocks support the blade in
elevated position, see FIG. 2.
the channel member and in vsealing relation therewith.
An actuating mechanism is provided to move the platen
Also mounted within the insulated space and in side-by
side contacting relationship with the blade 48 is a heating 50 56 from its elevated position shown in FIG. 2 to its work
engaging position shown in FIG. 3. This actuating mech~
plate 48b having a cord 48c for connecting the resistance
anism comprises an endless cam guide track indicated
heating element to a source for the supply of current. The
generally by the reference numeral 78. Cam guide tracks
temperature to which the cutting blade 48 is heated can
are secured to opposite sides ‘of the platen 56 by fasten
be regulated by means of a conventional thermal switch
50 which is ?xed in contact with the face of the blade op 55 ing screws 57. A roller wheel or cam follower 80, see
FIGS. 3 and 5,, rides in each track. This roller wheel is
posite the heating element.
rotatably secured to one end of an actuating lever 84 and
The upper edges of the stepped, channel-shaped sup
to the end 81 of a handle 82. The opposite end of the
port members 42 are attached by conventional means to
actuating lever, as seen in FIG. 1, is rigidly secured to
elongated, substantially U-shaped retaining members 52,
as illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7. Supported by the U 60 one end of an actuating rod or shaft 86. This shaft is
shaped retaining members are opposed pairs of elongate
sheets 54 of resilient material which extend in the direc
tion toward each other for a distance to provide a narrow
polyconal or curvilinear in cross section and its ends ro
tatably penetrate the lower sides of both frame members
16 so that the end of the actuating lever 84 pivots or
rotates on its axis, see FIG. 2. With this arrangement,
to enable the blade to be projected therebetween into en 65 rotating the handle and actuating lever in one direction
will cause the shaft 86 to rotate in the same direction
gagement with a plastic tube to effect cutoff, as will here
and will move the roller wheel 80 through the ?rst or
inafter be described. The stripper plates 54 are intended
platen-actuating portion 88 of the cam guide track. This
to conceal the forward edge of the heated blade 48 in a
portion of the'cam guide track, as seen in FIGS. 2 and 3,
manner to function simultaneously as a stripper in sepa
rating the blade from its resilient platen and also as a. 70 extends downwardly. and outwardly from the head por
tion 14 so when the roller wheel 80 is forced through‘
means for protecting the blade and for preventing contact
that portion while the actuating lever 84 is ‘pivoting on
with the hot blade in use. As seen in FIGS. 5 and 10,
the axis of shaft 86, it exerts a force on the platen which
the lowest channel portion 46 of the support member 42
pivots it away from its elevated position and moves it
is adapted to be positioned and clamped between the lugs
36 and the clamping bolts 38 on the clamp and support 75 toward closed or its work-engaging position. Continued
slotted portion in between in alignment with the blade 48
3,025,649
rotation of the actuating lever 84 moves the roller wheel
through a portion 90 of the cam guide track which is
curvilinear with the shaft 86 as its center so as to achieve
a holding action with a minimum movement of the platen
for the short period of time that it takes ‘the roller to
traverse this section. This time-delay portion is con
tinuous with the end of the platen-actuating portion 88
6
of the cutter blade 104. With this arrangement, when
the rod or shaft 86 reverses its direction of rotation and
moves the block 96 away from the cutter blade 104, the
spring tension exerted by the springs 116 on the cutter
blade urges the blade to be returned from cutting posi
tion and its normal position, see FIG. 10. To prevent
these coil springs from moving the cutter blade com
and curves back toward the head 14 on the arcuate path
pletely out from between the guide plates 28 and 30,
spaced parallel, substantially Z-shaped stop members 118
described. As the roller moves through this portion of
the cam guide track, it exerts su?icient force on the platen 10 are mounted adjacent the ends of the cutter blade. These
to cause it to dwell for a short time in the work-engag
stop members, as seen in FIG. 9, are secured to frame 24
ing position for purposes to be described below. The
hold portion 90 is followed by a rearwardly and down
wardly inclined portion 91, referred to as a “jump
away” portion, which enables the platen to be retracted
quickly to disengage the hot blade from the cushioning
material 63 to prevent burning. A platen-return por
by means of a bolt 120, and their free ends 121 project
upwardly into the plane of the path of the cutter blade
104 to stop its backward movement. It is noted that the
actuating mechanism described performs two functions
by a single movement of the actuating lever 84; it simul
taneously cuts and seals the shoulder portions of the
garment bag, and it separates the completed garment bag
tion 92 on the cam guide track extends upwardly from
from the remainder of the polyethylene roll.
the end of ‘the jump-away portion in a direction parallel
to the platen side member 60. This portion terminates 20
As illustrated in FIG. 12, the cutter blade is essen
tially formed with teeth 106 which terminate in sharp
at the beginning of the platen-actuating portion 88, pro
points 10411 at their forward edges, and sharp points 1040
viding a continuous or endless cam guide track. After
at their rearward meeting edges. Such sharp points are
the roller wheel 80 enters this portion, a reversal of the
desirable to pierce the plastic in achieving a cutoff action.
direction of rotation of the actuating lever 84 causes the
platen to move back to its elevated position. An addi 25 In the event that the leading edges are rounded instead
of sharp, the plastic material will tend to stretch rather
tional actuating lever identical with lever 84 is rigidly
secured to the opposite end of the actuating rod 86.
than be pierced and cut, with the result that separation
This actuating lever is connected to a handle identical
with handle 82. A roller wheel connected to this handle
will not be effected.
The cutting blade is adapted to be positioned for sep
rides on a cam guide plate 79 which is identical in its 30 aration at a level corresponding to the upper end portion
peripheral shape to the cam guide track 78. This struc
of the heated blades, so that cutoff will be effected in a
ture permits the garment bagging machine to be oper
ated from either side, see FIG. 4. Instead, the roller
line to meet the cutoff effected by the heating plates to
separate the sealed portion of the bag from the remainder,
leaving a triangularly shaped portion corresponding to
face plate for maintaining a desired stability without re 35 the space between the cutoff knife and the inclined cut
off blades. These portions will usually cling to the gar
peating the cam guide track. Lip 92a or offset is pro
ment-covering portion, and can easily be removed there
vided at the starting portion of the groove for stabiliz
ing the roller and platen in position of rest.
from.
The polyethylene 122 in tubular form is rolled onto
Spaced parallel actuating arms ‘94 are rigidly secured
at one end to the actuating rod 86 and are rotatable 40 a shaft 124, which is in turn rotatably mounted in sup
porting bearings 126 at the base of the pedestal portion
therewith. The free end of each arm 94 is provided
12, see FIG. 2. The free end of this polyethylene is
with an actuating block 96 and means for relative end
' on the opposite end can be used in combination with a
passed over the rods 110, which hold the tube out of
contact with other parts of the machine. From the
a cutter blade ‘for displacement thereof to effect severance 45 rod the tube passes over the arc'uate guide member 18
between the spring-biased retaining ?ngers 22 which act
of the plastic tube. For this purpose, the block 96 is
to keep it against the guide member. Then the tubing
formed with an elongate slot 96a through which a set
passes downwardly substantially parallel to the plane of
screw 94a is adapted to extend into engagement with the
the rectangular supporting framework and over the cloth
arm 94 to secure the block in the desired position of
adjustment. An outwardly projecting stud 98 is rigidly 50 ing stand 128, see FIG. 2.
wise adjustment of the block crosswise of the arm to
vary the anvil end portion aligned in position to engage
secured to each arm 94, and this stud is connected to one
In operation, the cutting and sealing blade is heated
end of a coil spring 100. The opposite end of this coil
to a temperature between 300°
and 350° P. Then a
spring is connected to the sides of the rectangular sup
garment with a garment hanger inside is suspended from
porting ‘framework 24 at stud 102, see FIG. 2. This struc
a hook 127 on the vertically positioned clothing stand
ture tends to rotate the rod 86 in the clockwise direction, 55 128 on the pedestal 12. The free end of the polyethylene
and this acts to bias the platen back to its elevated po
tubing is drawn over the garment to a distance from the
sition when the roller wheel is in the platen-return por
bottom of the garment substantially equal to the distance
tion 92 of the cam guide track. All these biasing forces
of the cutter blade 104 to the hook 127. After this, the
acting on the platen counterbalance it and make it easy
handle 82 is rotated and the roller or cam follower 80
to operate.
60 is forced through the cam guide track '78, moving the
A cutter blade 104 with a serrated cutting edge 106
platen 56 into work-engaging position against the rec
is reciprocably positioned between the parallel guide
tangular supporting framework 24, see FIG. 3. As this
plates 28 and 30, see FIG. 9. The arms 94 are so po
happens, the sponge rubber 63 presses the polyethylene
sitioned on the rod 86 that when the actuating lever 84
tubing against the edges of the space parallel stripper
rotates the actuating shaft 86 and causes the platen to 65
guide plates 28 and 30 and against the edge 49 of the
move to its work-engaging position, the block 96 on the
heated sealing blades 48. The soft, resilient qualities
free end of the arms 94 rotates into engagement with the
of the sponge rubber strips permit pressure to be exerted
rear end 108 of the cutter blade 104 to effect displace
on the tubing without tearing it. As the roller 80 moves
ment thereof forwardly into cutting position with its
serrated cutting edge moving into the slot 59 of the 70 through the time-delay mechanism or portion 90 of the
cam guide track, the platen holds the polyethylene against
horizontal bar 58, see FIG. 10. A spring support rod
the heated cutting and sealing blades long enough for
110 is secured to the frame member 24 at 114 by means
it to cut through the tubing and seal the edges of the
of mounting arms 112, see FIGS. 4 and 9. Coil springs
out. Since the blades 48 are positioned so they slope
116 are secured at one end to the outer end of these
mounting arms and at the other end to the rear end 108 75 at the same angle as the shoulder portions of the ?nished
3,025,649,
7
garment bag 13%, the sealed portions of the tubing form
the shoulder portions of the bag.
At about the same time, the cutter blade 104 is en
gaged by the block 96 to effect forward displacement
of the cutter blade and to bring the sharp edges of the
serrated blade into contact with the polyethylene backed
by the resilient strip 61. The points of the blade pierce
the tube to cut the polyethylene crosswise while supported
8
?xed portion to clamp said ?attened tubing therebetween
and to cause said heated cutting and sealing blade to en
gage said tubing and force it against the blade-receiving
and supporting surface, said means including a time delay
mechanism operative by said platen~mov~ing means to keep
said platen in pressing engagement with said ?xed portion
and said heated cutting and sealing blade in engagement
with said ?attened tubing long enough to permit the heated
cutting and sealing blade to cut through the tubing and
between the resilient members 61 on the platen and the
guides 28 and 30 on the frame. This trims off a new 10 seal the edges of the cut to form the shoulder portions of
the garment bag, cutting means connected to one of said
bottom for the next bag, and opens the apex 132 of the
bag for the upward passage of the suspension hook of a
contained garment hanger, see FIG. 11. Finally, when
the cam follower or roller 80 enters portion 92 of the
portions, said cutting means adapted to cut the garment
bag away from the remainder of the quantity of the tubing
and a garment hanger support below said blade in posi
cam guide track, the direction of rotation of the actuating 15 tion whereby a garment hung on said support may receive
thereover the end portion of said tubing before the gar
lever 84 is reversed. This moves the roller wheel 80
ment bag is cut from the remainder of the roll.
up through portion 92 and returns the platen to its ele
2. An apparatus of the class described for forming gar
vated position and moves the actuating arms 94!- out of
ment
bags from a roll of ?attened heat sealing, ?exible
engagement with the cutter blade 104. This permits
tubing, comprising a ?xed support and a platen, the free
springs 116 to move the cutter blade back out of slot
end of said ?attened tubing movable therebetween, said
59. Then the completed garment bag 130 is moved down
?xed support comprising spaced parallel elongated side
wardly on the clothing stand 128 over the garment, until
frame members, a supporting framework, the ends of said
the suspension hook of the garment hanger passes through
supporting framework rigidly connected to said side frame
25 members, a pair of heated cutting and sealing blades
is removed from the hook.
mounted on said supporting framework for engagement
By way of modi?cation, as illustrated in FIG. 13, the
with said ?attened tubing, the work-contacting edges of
machine may be provided with supports for two rolls
said pair of heated cutting and sealing blades in a com
122. and 222 of polyethylene plastic. One roll will be
mon plane parallel to said supporting framework and dis
provided with plastic tubing having a width suitable for
posed at an obtuse angle with respect to each other, re
use with suits, coats, and dresses hung upon a hanger, 30 silient blade-receiving and supporting surfaces mounted
while the other roll will be provided with a narrow strip
on said platen opposite to the heated cutting and sealing
of plastic tubing adapted to be used with trousers, shirts,
blades, said platen pivotally connected to one end of said
and the like. Where such two rolls are employed, the
the apex opening 132, whereupon the bagged garment
side frame members, a cam guide member mounted on at
rod 110 may be provided with an extension 214} for con
least one side of said platen, an actuating lever pivotally
tinuing to maintain a separated relation between the 35
connected at one end to said side frame members and at
tubes as they are guided about the head of the machine.
the opposite end to a cam follower, said cam follower in
An upper deck 218 may be provided in spaced, super
posed relation with the curvilinear ulate 18 to turn the
other tube downwardly alongside the front face of the
machine for use.
engagement with said cam guide member, said cam guide
member comprising at least a platen-actuating portion and
a time delay portion, said platen-actuating portion shaped
One or the other of the described 40 to pivot said platen into pressing engagement with said
tubes will be employed in operation of the machine
selectively depending upon the type of garment to be
packaged.
This machine, as described above, creates, as a new
article of manufacture, a garment bag formed entirely
from transparent polyethylene material. This is signi?
supporting framework whenever said actuating lever is
pivotally rotated in one direction, said engagement clamp
ing said tubing therebetween and causing the work-con
tacting edges of said heated cutting and sealing blades to
engage the tubing and force it against the blade-receiving
and supporting surfaces of the platen, said time delay por
tion shaped to correspond to the path followed by the
cant because no other garment bag previously made has
been formed from any single material. At the very
cam follower on the end of the actuating lever so that the
least, the conventional paper garment bags are made
platen is held in pressing engagement with said supporting
from a combination of paper and staples, or paper and 50 framework while the cam follower moves through said
glue, and, when these fasteners run short, the garment
time delay portion of said cam guide member, the duration
bags cannot be made. Since this garment bagging ma
of said pressing engagement sufficient to permit the work
chine does not require these auxiliary materials, it will
never be stopped by a shortage of them. So, as long as
there is a supply of polyethylene tubing, the bagging ma
chine will operate.
The invention may be embodied in other forms without
departing from the spirit or essential characteristics there
of as set forth in the claims, and the present embodiment
contac'ting edges of the cutting and sealing blades to cut
through the tubing and seal the edges of the cut to form
55 the shoulder portions of the garment bag, and cutting
means connected to, said ?xed support, said cutting means
adapted to cut the garment bag away from the remainder
of the roll of tubing.
3. An apparatus of the class described for forming gar
is therefore to be considered as illustrative and not re 60 ment bags from a roll of ?attened heat sealing, ?exible
strictive, and it is intended to include all changes which
tubing, comprising a ?xed portion and a movable portion,
come within the scope and range of the claims.
the free end of said ?attened tubing movable therebe
I claim:
tween, said ?xed portion comprising spaced parallel elon
1. An apparatus of the class described for forming
gated side frame members, a supporting framework, the
garment bags from a quantity of ?attened heat sealing, 65 ends of said supporting framework rigidly connected to
?exible tubing, comprising a ?xed portion and a movably
said side frame members, a pair of heated cutting and
connected portion, means for mounting a roll of such tub
ing in position whereby said tubing is adapted to move be
tween said portions, at least one heated cutting and sealing
blade mounted on said ?xer portion for engagement with
said ?attened tubing, a blade-receiving and supporting sur
face mounted on the other of said portions opposite said
heated cutting and sealing blade, said movable portion
comprising a platen, means connected to said platen to
reciprocably move it into pressing engagement with said
sealing blades mounted on one of said portions for en
gagement with said ?attened tubing, the work-contacting
edges of said pair of heated cutting and sealing blades dis
posed at an obtuse angle with respect to each other, re
silient blade-receiving and supporting surfaces mounted
on the other of said portions, said movable portion com
prising a platen, said platen pivotally connected to one
end of said side frame members, a cam guide member
5,625,645;
a
A
.
1O
.
i
mounted on at least one side of said platen, an actuating
said free end adapted to rotate into engagement with
lever, said actuating lever rigidly connected to an actuat
ing shaft, said actuating shaft rotatably mounted on said
said cutting means and movably actuate it to cut the gar
ment bag away from the remainder of the tubing when the
side frame members, a cam follower connected to said
actuating lever is rotated to cause said platen to move into
actuating lever, said cam follower engaging said cam
engagement with said supporting framework.
5. A garment bagging machine comprising in combina
tion, a vertically upstanding pedestal portion and a head
portion, spaced bearings mounted at the base of said
pedestal portion, a shaft rotatably mounted in said bear
guide member, said cam guide member comprising at
least a platen-actuating portion and a time delay portion,
said platen-actuating portion shaped to pivot said platen
into pressing engagement with said supporting framework
whenever said actuating lever is rotated in one direction 10 ings, said shaft adapted to support a roll of heat seal
ing ?exible tubing, a vertically upstanding rod mounted
on the axis of said actuating shaft, said engagement
clamping said tubing therebetween and causing the work
on said base, said rod terminating in a hook, said head
contacting edges of said heated cutting and sealing blades
mounted on said pedestal portion and including spaced
to engage the tubing and force it against the blade-receiv
parallel vertical side frame members and a pivotally con
ing and supporting surfaces on theother of said portions, 15 nected platen, an arcuate guide member, the ends of
said time delay portion shaped to correspond to the path
followed by the cam follower as the actuating lever ro
said arcuate guide member rigidly secured to said side
frame members, a reinforcing rod connected between said
tates so that the platen is held in pressing engagement with
side frame members, spaced parallel resilient retaining
?ngers secured to said reinforcing rod and biased into
through said time delay portion of said cam guide member, 20 engagement with said arcuate guide member, said re
taining ?ngers adapted to hold portions of the tubing in
the duration of said pressing engagement su?icient to per
mit the work-contacting edges of the cutting and sealing
engagement with said arcuate guide member, a sub
stantially rectangular vertically positioned supporting
blades to cut through the tubing and seal the edges of the
framework, the ends of said supporting framework rigidly
cut to form the shoulder portions of the garment bag, and
cutting means movably connected to said ?xed support, 25 connected to said side frame members, the free end
of said roll of tubing adapted to be bent around said
means connected between said cutting means and said
arcuate guide member and to depend vertically in spaced
actuating shaft to movably actuate said cutting means to
parallel relation to the plane of the supporting frame
cut the garment bag away from the remainder of the
work, a pair of heated cutting and sealing blades mounted
tubing when said platen moves into engagement with said
supporting framework.
30 on said supporting framework for engagement with said
?attened tubing, said cutting and sealing blades dis
4. An apparatus of the class described for forming gar
posed at a slope corresponding to the slope of the shoulder
ment bags from a roll of ?attened heat sealing, ?exible
portions of a garment bag, the work-contacting edges
tubing, comprising a ?xed support and a platen, the free
of said pair of heated cutting and sealing blades in a
end of said polyethylene tubing movable therebetween,
the supporting framework while the cam follower moves
common plane parallel to said supporting framework,
said ?xed support comprising spaced parallel elongated
resilient blade-receiving and supporting strips mounted
side frame members, a supporting framework, the ends of
on said platen, said blade-receiving and supporting strips
said supporting framework rigidly connected to said side
substantially equal in length to the cutting and sealing
frame members, a pair of downwardly inclined heated
blades, an endless vertically disposed cam guide track
cutting and sealing blades mounted on said supporting
framework for engagement with said ?attened tubing, the 40 mounted on one side of said platen, an actuating lever,
said actuating lever rigidly connected to an actuating
work-contacting edges of said pair of heated cutting and
shaft, said actuating shaft rotatably mounted in said
sealing blades in a common plane parallel to said sup
side frame members, a handle connected to said actuating
porting framework and disposed at an obtuse angle with
lever for rotating it on the axis of said actuating shaft, a
respect to each other, resilient blade-receiving and sup
porting strips mounted on said platen opposite to the 45 cam follower connected to said actuating lever, said cam
follower riding in said cam guide track, said cam guide
heated cutting and sealing blades, said platen pivotally
track including a platen-actuating portion, a time delay
connected to one end of said side frame members, a
portion, and a platen return portion, said platen-actuating
cam guide member mounted on at least one side of
portion shaped to pivot said platen into pressing engage
said platen, an actuating lever, said actuating lever rigidly
ment with said supporting framework whenever said actu
connected to an actuating shaft, said actuating shaft
ating lever is rotated in one direction on the axis of
rotatably mounted in said side frame members, a cam
follower connected to said actuating lever, said cam fol
lower engaging said cam guide member, said cam guide
said actuating shaft, said engagement clamping said tub
ing therebetween and causing the work-contacting edges
of said heated cutting and sealing blades to engage the
and a time delay portion, said platen actuating portion 55 tubing and force it against the blade-receiving and sup
porting strips on the platen, said time delay portion shaped
shaped to pivot said platen into pressing engagement with
to correspond to the path followed by the cam follower
said supporting framework whenever said actuating lever
member comprising at least a platen-actuating portion
is rotated in one direction on the axis of said actuating
as the actuating lever rotates in said one direction so
shaft, said engagement clamping said tubing therebetween
and causing the work-contacting edges of said heated
cutting and sealing blades to engage the tubing and force
that the platen is held in pressing engagement with said
60
supporting framework while the cam follower moves
it against the blade-receiving and supporting surfaces on
through said time delay portion of said cam guide mem
ber, the duration of said pressing engagement su?icient
the platen, said time delay portion shaped to correspond
to permit the work-contacting edges of the cutting and
sealing blade to cut through the tubing and seal the edges
to the path followed by the cam follower as the actuating
lever rotates in said one direction so that the platen is 65 of the cut to form the shoulder portions of the garment
held in pressing engagement with the supporting frame
bag, said platen return portion shaped to pivot said platen
away from said supporting framework when said cam fol
lower rides therein while said actuating lever is rotating
delay portion of said cam guide member, the duration of
in a direction opposite to said one direction, means con
said pressing engagement su?icient to permit the work
contacting edges of the cutting and sealing blades to cut 70 nected to said platen to counterbalance it, spaced paral
lel horizontally disposed guide members rigidly secured
through the tubing and seal the edges of the cut to form
in spaced relation to the top side of said supporting frame
the shoulder portions of the garment bag, and cutting
work, a cutter blade reciprocably movable between said
means movably connected to said ?xed support, actuating
guide members, said cutter blade having a serrated cutting
arms rigidly secured to said actuating shaft and rotatable
therewith, each of said actuating arms having a free end, 75 edge, actuating arms rigidly secured to said actuating
work while the cam follower moves through said time
11
3,025,649
shaft, said actuating arms having ‘a free end, said free
end adapted to rotate into engagement with said cutter
blade to move it into cutting engagement with said tub
ing to cut the garment bag away from the roll when the
actuating lever is rotated in said one direction.
5
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,963,666
McCarthy __________ __.__ June 19, 1934 10
2,284,160
2,378,665
2,521,197
2,574,095
2,635,400
2,707,985
2,732,887
2,771,724
2,781,895
2,824,596
12
McCarthy ____________ __ May 26,
Threeton ____________ __ June 19,
Zaloudek ____________ __ Sept. 5,
Langer ______________ __ Nov. 6,
Abbott ______________ __ Apr. 21,
Binnall _____________ __ May 10,
Drew et a1. _________ __ Jan. 31,
Hosier ______________ __ Nov. 27,
Smith _______________ __ Feb. 19,
Crawford ____________ __ Feb. 25,
1942
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