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Патент USA US3025965

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March 20, 1962
D. H. CALDWELL ET AL
PREF'ABRICATED FENCE
Filed April 28, 1958
3,025,955
United States Patent O
3,025,955
i ,.
ICC
Patented Mar. 2Q, 1962
l
2
3,025,955
stantially equal and in the present instance for convenience
and good design they are all 8 feet long with the excep
tion of the rails 11 which for reasons that will presently
PREFABRICATED FENCE
Douglas H. Caldwell and Howard A. Godecke, Sacra
mento, and Theodore Voorhees, Gualala, Calif., as
signors to Caldwell Lumber Sales, Sacramento, Calif.
Filed Apr. 23, 1953, Ser. No. 731,246
1 Claim. (Cl. 206---46)
appear are one inch shorter.
Referring now to FIG. 2, the several elements of the
fence unit shown in FIG. 1 are shown stacked for bun
dling. The nominal sizes referred to have, however, been
modified to ser-ve two ends, the first being to provide a
This invention relates to prefabricated fences and par
fence of pleasing proportions the overall size being about
ticularly to a prefabricated fence in which all of the com
six feet high and eight feet long for each unit. The sec
ponents are dimensioned to enable them to be packaged 10 ond purpose of the modified size being to enable the
in a bundle of uniform contour containing all of the nec
essary elements for the construction of a single fence unit
which may be combined with like units to provide a fence
arrangement of the pieces in a uniform rectangle as shown
in FIG. 2.
The actual cross sectional sizes for the example shown
of any desired length.
in FIGS. l and 2 are as follows. The post 10 is 3%
It is desirable in the building of a wooden fence by per
inches by 35/8 inches, the rails 11 are 1% inches by 35/8
sons unskilled in carpentry that the several pieces be cut
inches, the panel members 12 are '% inch by 7% inches
to size for ready assembly without sawing or trimming.
and the trim members 13 are 4% inch by 8% inches.
It is also less costly to do the necessary cutting of lumber
The bundling of the stack shown in \FIG. 2 is accom
in a mill with power machinery and in large quantities.
20 plished, as shown in FIG. 3 by employing two or more
Furthermore the packaging of fence lumber in compact
steel bands 15 which tightly encircle the stack with heavy
units of uniform size represents considerable saving in
cardboard strips 16 underlying them to protect the wood
the cost of shipment of the lumber and in reducing waste
from the steel.
for the consumer.
To provide for an interlocking self-supporting assem
It is, therefore, the object of this invention to provide 25 bly, grooves are provided in opposite sides of each post
a fence that meets all of the above desirable requirements,
10, as indicated at 18 in FIG. 2, and similar grooves
which is easily assembled and erected by unskilled labor
shown at 1‘9 are provided in opposite sides of the rails 11
and the parts of which are adapted to be contained in
being the top and bottom sides when the rails are in as
packages of simple rectangular cross section with each
sembled position. All of the grooves 18 and 19 are ap
package containing all of the elements necessary for a 30 proximately 1/2 inch deep and are sufficiently wide to
given unit length of fence.
slidably receive the panel members 12 and trim members
The manner in which these objects and advantages are
13 and 14.
accomplished and in which the invention is carried into
To assemble a fence unit from the contents of the bun
practice is set forth in the following specification wherein
dle shown in FIG. 3, the steel straps are first cut and one
reference is made to the accompanying drawings.
35 end of the post 10 is inserted in a post hole, a series of
In the drawings:
which may have been prepared at approximately eight
FIG. l is a view in elevation of a single fence unit
which embodies the present invention;
foot intervals.
The post from a second bundle is then
inserted in the next adjacent hole in the position illustrated
FIG. 2 is a view in end elevation of the elements of the
at 10a in dotted lines in FIG. l and the remaining mem
fence unit shown in FIG. 1 arranged in a stack of rec 40 bers in the first bundle are inserted between the posts in
tangular cross section for bundling; and
the order shown starting first with the bottom trim 14
and ending with the top trim 13. The trim boards and
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the same elements in
the panel members 12 slide downwardly in the grooves
18 formed in the posts and the rails 1\1 abut the posts but
It is generally Well known that practice in the lumber
industry is to employ nominal sizes for boards presuma 45 receive the trim boards 13 and 14 and the panels 12 ín
their grooves 19. It is because of this abutting relation
bly based upon the cross sectional size of the first rough
ship of the rails 11 that they are formed one inch shorter
cut piece before shrinkage, and before planing in the case
than the trim boards and panel boards. With this as
of surfaced lumber. Thus so-called 2 x 4’s, 1 x lO’s, etc.
sembly and with the posts 10 supported in any conven
actually measure considerably less than 2 inches by 4
inches and l inch by 10 inches as their names imply. 50 tional manner such as by filling the post holes with earth
or concrete, the entire fence unit is self-supporting by
Furthermore, the reduction in size is not proportional so
the interlocking relationship of its several parts. How
that for example the width of two 2 x 4’s does not neces
a bundle.
ever, it is recommended that at least the rails 11 be se
sarily equal that of one 1 x 8 and the stacking or bundling
cured as by toe nailing to the posts 10 to insure more
of pieces of miscellaneous size to produce a bundle of
uniform rectangular cross section is impossible.
55 rigid and permanent assembly. Subsequent units are as
sembled in the same manner until the desired length of
The present invention comprises the creation of a fence
fence is entirely constructed and additional posts 10
design of uniform units having pleasing appearance and
are made available by the merchant who sells the fence
sturdy functional qualities with each unit made up of sev
in bundles, in order to terminate the fence or provide
eral pieces of substantially the same length but of different
cross-sectional dimensions which enable them to be 60 openings for gates or the like.
The panel members 12 are preferably tongued and
stacked in a uniform rectangle. The several pieces are
grooved at their edges or provided as shown in FIG. 2
also so designed that they may be assembled into fence
with points 20 on one edge and V grooves 21 on their
units which are interlocking and self-sustaining without
opposite edge which nest in the manner of tongues `and
the use of nails or other fastening means though a few
nails are recommended for permanent fence installations. 65 grooves and when the several panels are assembled, they
produce a panel unit substantially four feet high by
Referring first to FIG. l of the drawing, a typical unit
eight feet long. Consequently a slightly different design
of fence embodying the present invention is shown and
of fence may be constructed by sawing each of the mem
will, for convenience, be described in the nominal terms
bers 112 exactly in half and placing them on end between
employed for lumber sizes. The fence unit comprises
a 4 x 4 post ‘10, two 2 x 4 rails 11, seven 1 X 8 panels 70 the rails 11 to alter the appearance of the completed
unit. It is also possible, of course, to saw the top edge
12, and top and bottom l x l0 trim pieces 13 and 14,
of the trim member 13 to produce any desirable curved
respectively. The lengths of all of the pieces are sub
3,025,955
4
3
or irregular design for the purpose of enhancing the ap
pearance of the fence.
Other modifications of the design are possible such
for example as eliminating the trim members 13 and 14
shown in FIG. 2 and using two of the members 12 in
their place. This, of course, produces a fence of sub
stantially less height and all of the parts may be shortened
We claim:
A bundle of prefabricated fence parts capable of as
sembly into a fence unit comprising a plurality of panels
superimposed to form a stack, a square end post one
half the width of said panels and two rails one half the
cross section of the end post all disposed on top of the
tack side by side with the rails on edge, a top trim piece
and a bottom trim piece of a width equal to the height
to make the height and length of pleasing proportions.
or" the stack formed by the combined panels, end post
This has the further advantage that it enables the use
-of shorter boards for different styles of fence which rep 10 and rails and disposed on edge against opposite sides
the last mentioned stack, all of said fence parts being of
resents a saving in material because it utilizes short ends
substantially equal length to form a compact uniform
of lumber »that are otherwise not readily saleable. The
rectangular arrangement, and binding means surround
' last referred to modification also results in a rectangular
ing and holding together the parts so arranged.
bundle as might be seen from FIG. 2 Where the elimina
tion of the members 13 and 14 does not result in irregu
References Cited in the file of this patent
larity.
Since the bundle of elements for each fence unit is of
UNITED STATES PATENTS
uniform rectangular cross section With no voids of sub
stantial size the boards are not crushed Or deformed by
pressure of the steel bands which surround them.
The 20
bundles may also be eñìciently handled and transported
as 'compared to loose lumber of random lengths and
cross section and this results from the particular design
which takes into consideration the appearance of the
25
fence and the compact uniform bundling.
1,766,317
1,829,366
1,849,412
2,245,826
2,656,040
2,670,075
2,723,107
Wheless _____________ __ June 24,
Mittleburg ___________ __ Oct. 27,
Strong ______________ __ Mar. 15,
Rowe ______________ __ June 17,
Pope ________________ __ Oct. 20,
Wilson ______________ __ Feb. 23,
Parker _______________ __ Nov. 8,
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