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Патент USA US3026541

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March 27, 1962
J. M, HOLADAY
3,026,531
NEOPRENE GLOVE
Filed May 24, 1960
INVENTOR.
JOSEPH MHOLADAY
T,
1%
3,926,531
Patented Mar. 27, 1962
2
3,026,531
Joseph M. Holaday, Belmont, Mass, assignor to The
NEOPRENE GLQVE
B. F. Goodrich Company, New York, N.Y., a corpo
ration of New York
Filed May 24, 1969, Ser. No. 31,397
8 Claims. (Cl. 2-—167)
employed as the glove liner. Over this liner is applied a
coating from a mixture of neoprene rubber latex and
natural rubber latex blended together within prescribed
proportions. A ?nal or ?nish coating of neoprene rub
ber then is deposited over the previously deposited coat
ing to provide an exterior surface of neoprene rubber
and the coatings are vulcanized.
The invention will be more fully understood by refer
ring to the following detailed description of the inven
This invention is pertinent to the manufacture of rub
ber gloves, and has particular reference to a light-weight, 10 tion and by referring to the drawing in which:
durable and ?exible lined neoprene rubber glove.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a glove embodying this
It is customary for workmen to protect their hands
invention; and
against the deteriorative effects of harmful chemical ma
FIG. 2 is a section on the line 2—-2 of FIG. 1.
terials by wearing rubber gloves which are impervious
Referring to the drawing, glove 10 comprises a glove
to the chemical material being handled. Most such rub 15 lining 11 over which is deposited a layer 12 of rubber
ber gloves are provided with a cloth lining which serves
containing a blend of natural rubber and neoprene rub
not only to increase the durability of the glove but also
ber within the proportions hereinafter speci?ed. A ?nish
supplies a medium for absorbing perspiration when the
layer 13 composed of a neoprene rubber composition is
glove is worn thereby eliminating the clammy sensation
disposed over base coat 12 and is vulcanized thereto
experienced by the wearer when unlined rubber gloves 20 whereby layers 12 and 13 appear to be a unitary layer
are used. The fabrication of the rubber glove is ac
of rubber.
complished by drawing the glove lining which previously
To provide a neoprene rubber glove of the desired
has been fashioned into the appropriate glove shape over
?exibility, a light-weight fabric is employed as the lining
a glove form and coating the exposed surface of the glove
material in place of the closely-woven Canton ?annel
lining with a deposit of rubber. Usually, the rubber de 25 cotton lining previously used. As used herein, the term
posit is formed by a dipping process which involves im
“light-weight fabric” means 6 to 8 02. weight knitted
mersing the glove form with the glove liner drawn there
fabrics and 6 to 7 oz. weight woven fabrics. Due to the
upon into an appropriately compounded latex. Several
nature of the weave, the maximum weight woven fabric
techniques for congealing the latex immediately adjacent
which can be used as the lining material to obtain the
the glove form in order to deposit a layer of rubber onto
desired ?exibility is less than the maximum Weight knitted
the glove lining are available and, since they all are well
fabric which can be employed satisfactorily. (The weight
known in the art, they will not be discussed in detail
of the fabric is expressed as the weight per square yard
herein. The form with the un?nished glove thereupon
of fabric.) A 6 to 8 oz. weight Jersey fabric has been
then is withdrawn from the latex, and the rubber deposit
found to be particularly suitable as the lining material.
is dried and vulcanized in any convenient manner such 35 In addition, it is desirable to use a fabric which is not
as by subjecting the glove while still on the form to a
highly sized, a fabric containing no more than about 2%
vulcanizing heat. The vulcanized glove then is stripped
size being much preferred over the fabrics containing
from the form.
about 6 or 7% size which have been used customarily
Usually, rubber gloves in which the rubber constituent
in the past. As has been indicated above, the glove lin
of the glove is natural rubber are satisfactory and such 40 ing usually is made into the general contour of the glove
gloves have been used extensively for handling chemi
before it is pulled over the glove form. Normally, this
cals. However, when chemical materials which objec
prefabrication involves stitching together several pieces
tionably attack natural rubber are being handled, gloves
of lining material cut to an appropriate shape. How
made of a rubbery material not subject to excessive at;
ever, since it has been observed that lined rubber gloves
tack by the chemical material must be employed. Chloro— 45 usually fail as a result of the protective rubber layer being
prene rubbers (commonly referred to as neoprene rub
bers) are resistant to most chemical materials. Conse
worn through and since excessive wear appears to occur
quently, neoprene rubber gloves have proven particu
work surface of the glove (the area of the glove which
would normally be in contact with ‘objects which are being
handled by the wearer), a two~piece glove lining formed
by sewing together two hand-shaped pieces of lining ma
terial along the edges preferably is used. It will be ap
preciated that the two-piece glove lining will have a seam
extending only up one side of the hand, between the
55 ?ngers and down the other side of the hand (as shown in
larly suitable for handling chemical susbtances which ex
cessively attack natural rubber.
Heretofore, it has been customary to employ a closely
woven Canton ?annel cotton lining in neoprene gloves
because neoprene latex usually will penetrate through
the lighter weight looser woven or knit fabrics if used
as the glove liner material. Such penetration or “strike
at seams of the glove lining positioned in the wearing or
dot and dash lines in KFIG. 1) and that there will be no
through” of the latex through the fabric liner of the glove
seam directly beneath the wearing surface of the glove.
results in the formation of an undesirably stiff glove which
In accordance with this invention, the initial deposit
is considered to be unsatisfactory by most workmen who
of rubber applied to the fabric glove lining 11 is a blend
must wear rubber gloves. In addition, the penetration
of latex through the fabric glove liner during the dipping 60 of natural rubber and neoprene (chloroprene) rubber. As
has been indicated above, if a glove lining made from
operation is undesirable in that it impedes the stripping of
a light-weight loosely woven or knit fabric (such as a
the ?nished glove from the glove form. It will be readily
6 to 8 oz. weight Jersey fabric) is dipped initially into a
appreciated that if a lighter weight fabric of looser weave
neoprene latex composition, the neoprene latex penetrates
could be employed as the liner material for neoprene rub 65 objectionably through the fabric lining. As a result of
ber gloves, a product of even greater ?exibility and lesser
this penetration or “strike-through” of the base coat, the
weight would be produced than the neoprene rubber
?nished glove is considered by most workmen to be
gloves heretofore available.
excessively stiff, hampering them in their operations.
The present invention provides a lined neoprene rub
Also, the “strike-through” of the initial rubber deposit
ber glove having greater ?exibility than lined neoprene
over the fabric glove lining tends to hinder the stripping
rubber gloves heretofore o?ered. In accordance with
of the ?nished glove from the glove form which at the
this invention, a light weight fabric of supple weave is
very least is a source of irritation to the glove manu
3,02e,531
ll
of a 61/2 oz. weight cotton Jersey fabric containing about
1% size. It will be appreciated that the seam of the
3
facturer. In addition to the objections to “strike-throng ”
mentioned above, the penetration of the base coat through
the fabric glove lining detracts from the appearance of
the glove and, in part, defeats the property of the fabric
glove lining, when the glove is worn, will extend along
one side of the hand, between the ?ngers and along the
other side of the hand and is removed from the wearing
surfaces of the glove. The glove lining then is pulled
over a glove form of appropriate shape and the glove
glove lining of absorbing perspiration from the hands.
The penetration of a neoprene latex compound is
believed to be due to the unusually low surface tension
form with the glove lining disposed thereupon is dipped
exhibited by neoprene latices as compared to natural
rubber latex. Although the surface tension of natural
into a neoprene rubber latex-natural rubber latex blend
rubber latex is su?iciently ‘high to essentially prevent 10 composition in which the rubber constituent is composed
“strike-through,” it is not possible to employ a natural
of from 15 to 35% by weight (on a dry basis) of neo
rubber latex composition to form a base coat over the
prene rubber, the balance being natural rubber, to deposit
glove lining, since the subsequent deposit of a neoprene
a rubber base coating onto the fabric glove liner, and
coat over the natural rubber base coat will not adhere
the deposit is dried partially. The glove form is dipped
tenaciously enough to the natural rubber base coat layer 15 next into a neoprene rubber latex composition to deposit
a neoprene rubber coating over the base coat rubber
to provide satisfactory glove service. It has been found,
deposit, and then is dipped into an appropriate coagulant
however, that if the initial deposit (base coat) is formed
for congealing neoprene rubber latex. The glove, while
by dipping the glove linin'g into a latex compositionrcon
still on the glove form, is heated in an air oven at
taining as the rubber constituent from 15 to 35% by
weight (dry) of neoprene rubber with the balance being 20 285-300" F. for 60-90 minutes to dry the neoprene
rubber deposit and to vulcanize both the base coat layer
natural rubber in the form of a natural rubber latex,
12 and neoprene coating 13. The ?nished glove then is
the base coat does not penetrate through the fabric glove
stripped from the glove form. In the fabrication of the
lining sufficiently to be objectionable. In fact, penetra
glove, the following latex formulations may be used.
tion of this initial deposit is so slight that a glove of
excellent ?exibility is obtained. Also, a deposit from a
Neoprene Rubber Latex Composition
neoprene latex composition applied directly over the
Material:
neoprene rubber-natural rubber base coat will adhere so
Although the operative proportions (dry weight) of neo
prene rubber latex to natural rubber latex in the latex
composition from which the base coat 12 is formed have
been set forth above, for optimum results, the rubber
constituent of the base coat composition should contain
Parts by weight (dry)
Neoprene rubber latex (type 601-A) ____ __ 160.00
tenaciously to the base coat after the glove has been
vulcanized that separation of the two rubber deposits
will not occur during the normal life of the glove.
35
Clay _______________________________ __
Zinc oxide ___________________________ __
Phenyl-beta-naphthylamine ____________ __
32.00
8.00
3.20
Lithopone __________________________ __
Carbon black ________________________ __
3.20
3.20
Sulfur ______________________________ __
1.60
Methyl cellulose ______________________ .._
0.24
from 20 to 30% by Weight (dry) of neoprene rubber.
Natural Rubber Latex Composition
It will be appreciated, of course, that, if desired, the
Material:
Parts by weight (dry)
base coat 12 may be composed of several deposits of
Natural rubber latex (60% total solids)____ 150.00
the natural rubber latex-neoprene rubber latex composi
Stabilizer, potassium hydroxide 0.6-casein
tion in order to build-up a thicker layer composed of 40
0.6 ______________________________ __
1.20
this composition and/or that the exterior neoprene layer
Sulfur ______________________________ .__
2.25
13 of the glove also may be composed of several deposits
Benzothiazyl disul?de __________________ __
0.45
of the neoprene rubber latex composition.
In the preparation of the neoprene rubber latex-natural
rubber latex composition from which the ‘base coat 12 45
is formed, the natural rubber latex and the neoprene
rubber latex preferably each is compounded separately
by adding to the latices compounding materials such as
G-808 (Pullman syrup) [butyraldehyde
aniline condensation product (N-phenyl-3,
5 - diethyl - 2 - propyl - 1,2 - dihydropyri
dine-active
ingredient) ] _____________ __
0.67
Zinc oxide ___________________________ __
15.00
curing agents, ‘antioxidants, ‘accelerators, ?llers, etc. The
Carbon black ________________________ __
two separately compounded latices then are blended 50
Whiting
____________________________ __
30.00
6.00
together in the prescribed proportions and thoroughly
Karaya gum _________________________ __
0.075
intermingled. The reason for compounding the neoprene
rubber latex and natural rubber latex separately and then
co-mingling the compounded latex is due to the fact that
In preparing the latex composition for use in forming
the base coat 12 over the glove lining, the two formula
tions described above are separately compounded and a
the blend is more stable when formulated in this manner 55 blend of the two compositions is made using an amount
than if the neoprene rubber latex and natural rubber latex
of the neoprene rubber latex composition such that the
were blended together before being compounded and then
rubber constituent of the blend contains from 15 to 35%
the compounding ingredients were added to the blend of
by weight (dry) of neoprene rubber. The above-recited
latices.
neoprene rubber latex composition can be used per se
After base coat 12 and the neoprene rubber layer 13 60 for forming the outer or ?nish layer 13 of the glove.
have been formed over the glove lining 11, the rubber
It is clear that obvious modi?cations and variations of
layers are dried, and are vulcanized in a customary man
this invention may be made without departing from the
ner such as by exposing the un?nished glove to hot air
spirit and scope of the invention as de?ned in the ap
heated to a temperature of about 285 to 300° F.
The
glove, preferably, remains on the glove form during the 65
vulcanization step so that the ?nished glove after having
pended claims.
I claim:
I. A rubber glove comprising a light-weight fabric
been vulcanized and stripped from the glove form never
glove lining, a rubber base coat disposed over said glove
theless will retain the general shape of the form.
lining, the rubber constituent of said base coat being com
The following specific embodiment of this invention is
posed of a blend of natural rubber and neoprene rubber,
merely an illustration of the invention, and it will be 70 the amount of neoprene rubber in the rubber constituent
understood that the invention is not intended to be lim
of the said base coat being from 15 to 35% by Weight of
ited to this speci?c illustration.
the rubber constituent of the said base coat, and a layer
In accordance with a preferred embodiment of this
of neoprene rubber composition disposed over the said
invention, a two-piece glove lining is formed by stitching
rubber base coat.
together along their peripheries two hand-shaped pieces 75 2. A rubber glove comprising a light-weight fabric
8,026,531
5
6
glove lining containing up to 2% size, a rubber base coat
coat being composed of a blend of natural rubber and
neoprene rubber, the amount of neoprene rubber in the
rubber constituent of the said base coat being from 15 to
disposed over said glove lining, the rubber constituent of
said base coat being composed of a blend of natural rub
ber and neoprene rubber, the amount of neoprene rub
ber in the rubber constituent of the said base coat being
from 15 to 35% by weight of the rubber constituent of
the said base coat, and a layer of neoprene rubber com
position disposed over the said rubber base coat.
3. A rubber glove comprising a light-Weight fabric
35% by Weight of the rubber constituent of the said base
coat, and a layer of neoprene rubber composition disposed
over the said rubber base coat.
7. A rubber glove comprising a light-weight fabric glove
lining, said glove lining being of two-piece construction
comprising two hand-shaped pieces of fabric stitched to
glove lining, a rubber base coat disposed over said glove 10 gether at their edges, a rubber base coat disposed over
said glove lining, the rubber constituent of said base coat
lining, the rubber constituent of said base coat being com
being composed of a blend of natural rubber and neoprene
posed of a blend of natural rubber and neoprene rubber,
rubber, the amount of neoprene rubber in the rubber con
the amount of neoprene rubber in the rubber constituent
stituent of the said base coat being from 15 to 35% by
of the said base coat being from 20 to 30% by Weight of
the rubber constituent of the said base coat, and a layer 15 Weight of the rubber constituent of the said base coat, and
a layer of neoprene rubber composition disposed over the
of neoprene rubber composition disposed over the said
said rubber base coat.
rubber base coat.
8. The method of making a rubber glove comprising
4. A rubber glove comprising a 6 to 8 oz. weight knitted
drawing a light-weight fabric glove lining over a glove
fabric glove lining, a rubber base coat disposed over said
glove lining, the rubber constituent of said base coat being 20 form, depositing a base coat onto said glove lining from
a latex composition comprising a blend of natural rubber
composed of a blend of natural rubber and neoprene rub
latex and neoprene rubber latex, the. amount of neoprene
ber, the amount of neoprene rubber in the rubber con
rubber in the rubber constituent of the said latex compo
stituent of the said base coat being from 15 to 35 % by
sition being from 15 to 35% by dry weight, the balance
weight of the rubber constituent of the said base coat,
and a layer of neoprene rubber composition disposed over 25 of the rubber constituent of the said latex composition
being natural rubber, depositing a layer of neoprene rub
the said rubber base coat.
ber composition onto the said base coat, and vulcanizing
5. A rubber glove comprising a 6 to 7 oz. woven fabric
glove lining, a rubber base coat disposed over said glove
the assembly.
lining, the rubber constituent of said base coat being com
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
posed of a blend of natural rubber and neoprene rubber, 30
the amount of neoprene rubber in the rubber constituent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
of the said base coat being from 15 to 35% by weight of
1,387,728
Kramer _____________ __ Aug. 16, 1921
the rubber constituent of the said base coat, and a layer.
1,500,097
Abraham ____________ __ July 8, 1924
of neoprene rubber composition disposed over the said
Watkins _____________ __ July 8, 1930
35 1,769,977
rubber base coat.
2,327,625
Dickson _____________ __ Aug. 24, 1943
6. A rubber glove comprising a light-Weight cotton
Jersey fabric glove lining, a rubber base coat disposed
over said glove lining, the rubber constituent of said base
2,343,220
2,838,759
Mason ______________ __. Feb. 29, 1944
Tassie ______________ __ June 17, 1958
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