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Патент USA US3026674

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March 27, 1962
R. E. BEACH ETAL
3,026,664
MOUNTING FOR CROP GATHERING AND HARVESTING UNITS
Filed May 4, 1959
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INVENTORS
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ROBERT E. BEACH
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March 27, 1962
3,026,664
R. E. BEACH ET AL
MOUNTING FOR CROP GATHERING AND HARVESTING UNITS
Filed May 4, 1959
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INVENTORS
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BY KER/W7‘ 4. Acorn
March 27, 1962
R. E. BEACH El'AL
3,026,664
MOUNTING FOR CROP GATHERING AND HARVESTING UNITS
Filed May 4, 1959
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R. E. BEACH ETAL
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MOUNTING FOR CROP GATHERING AND HARVESTING UNITS
Filed May 4, 1959
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Patented’ Mar. 2?, 1962
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i-ng unit secured to the basic unit in position for opera
3,026,664
MOUNTING FQR CROP GATHERING AND
HARVESTING UNITS
Robert E. Beach, Minneapolis, and Kermit
Lloyd,
Coon Rapids, Minn, assignors to Minneapohs-Mohne
(Company, Hopkins, Minn, a corporation of Minne
sota
Filed May 4, 1959, Ser. No. 810,759
tion on the crop to be harvested.
FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG, 2 but illustrating
the crop gathering unit in its detached and parked posi
tion, with the basic or processing unit moved rearwar'dly
with respect thereto and the parking legs on the gather
ing unit shown in their downwardly directed position for
ground engagement.
FIG. 4 is a side elevation of one of the tie links but
10 showing the handle portion thereof swung to the posi
tion at which the link elements are spread apart as
‘Our invention relates generally to improvements in
15 Claims.
(Cl. 56—Ii0)
necessary in freeing them from the machine.
PEG. 5 is a side elevation similar to FIG. 2 but show
ing the basic crop processing unit as operatively secured
for gathering or picking up previously cut and usually 15 to and associated with a gathering unit designed to cut
windrowed crops, or for cutting, gathering and delivering
and gather a standing crop material, such as corn, and
feed the same rearwardly into the basic unit.
standing crops to the processing units of the implements.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional View along
In a forage harvester, which is chosen as an example
the line 6-6 in FIG. 5, showing the bracing support be
herein to illustrate our invention, there is thus a basic
processing unit including a cutter for comminuting the 20 tween the gathering unit of FIG. 5 and a portion of the
frame going to make up the basic unit.
crop material and a blower by which this processed ma
FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional detail view on the line
terial is ‘blown out through a delivery spout for accumu
7-—7 in FIG. 2 showing the pivot connection by which
lation in an accompanying wagon box or truck. To
the forepart of the basic unit and the gathering unit as
adapt such a machine for gathering previously mowed
crops laid upon the ground in windrows the basic unit 25 associated therewith are raised and lowered in the opera
tion of the machine, this view also showing one of the
must then be equipped with a pickup gathering unit and
clips or brackets by which the gathering unit link at
conveyor, whereas if the crop is standing a different unit
that side is fastened or hooked to the basic unit.
including a sickle and a conveyor must be ?tted to the
FIG. 8 is a detail sectional view along the line 8-8
basic unit. This susbtitution of one gathering unit for
in FIG. 2 showing the brace connection between the
another requires a great deal of time and heavy labor
pickup type of gathering unit and the basic crop process
and this problem is presented as well in combines, balers
ing unit.
and other implements as aforesaid. Representative feed
ers of these general kinds with pickup and sickle units
PEG. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional and de—
tail view along the line 9—9 in FIG. 2 showing the sup
respectively ‘are shown in Patents Nos. 2,781,719 and
2,470,704. Herein we show our invention as a forage 35 port connection made at each side between the gathering
unit and the lower forepart of the basic unit going to
harvester associated with a pull-behind wheeled frame,
make up the complete machine.
but in some cases the implement may be carried by a
Referring now more particularly and by reference
self-propelled frame or tractor such as to be found in
characters to the drawings, A designates generally a basic
Patent No 2,524,083.
It is the primary object of our invention to provide 40 crop processing unit and for purposes of illustration the
an improved mounting and connecting means for opera
same is here shown as being a forage cutter and blower
tively mounting any desired type of gathering unit, chosen
mechanism which includes a housing 10 carried upon a
according to the work at hand, upon the basic unit of
wheeled frame, designated generally at B. The wheels
the implement, without disturbance of the working parts
C by which said frame B is travel mounted for forward
of the basic unit such as its feed conveyors, etc., all 45 movement over the ?eld are shown as mounted at the
without the use of tools, and with the very minimum
extremities of a cross axle D making up a pull-behind
of time and labor involved. A further object is to pro
type of unit and in FIG. 1 there is shown a forwardly
vide means whereby the gathering unit or units not
directed tongue E by which draft may be applied from
in use may be supported in such position that the con
a towing tractor (not shown). In some cases these
nection to the basic unit is made simply by driving the
wheels C may also be the forwardly located traction wheels
"actor or wheel supported basic unit toward and away
of a tractor such as shown in Patent No. 2,524,083, in
from the gathering units thus supported; thus the con
which case, of course, no such tongue E will be neces
sary. However mounted the unit A has its housing 10
nection is made without heavy lifting, or without use
suitably supported upon the wheeled frame B and within
of an overhead chain hoist or the like which in itself
would add to the work. Still a further‘ object is to pro 55 said housing it} crop processing means, a portion of which
appears at ill in FIG. 1, are located for comminuting
vide mounting and connection means for this purpose
crop material fed into the housing and blowing this mate
which wiil so rigidly connect the parts that they will op
rial outwardly and upwardly from a discharge spout, a
crate. as well together as though they are permanently
fragment of which appears at 12 also in FIG. 1. In ad
connected.
60 dition to the foregoing the basic unit A comprises suit
These and other more detailed and speci?c objects
able drive mechanism, designated collectively at 13,
will be disclosed in the course of the following speci?ca
powered in one way or another by the tractor engine or
tion, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,
a separate power plant (neither shown) and which mecha
in which—
nism, in addition to driving the crop processing means
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a forage harvester of 65 within the housing iii, also operates an apron-type con
the pull-behind type and associated with a crop gather
veyor 14 extending downwardly and forwardly from be
agricultural implements used for harvesting and process
ing various farm crops, such as forage harvesters, com
bines, balers and the like. Such implements are used
ing unit which includes a pickup for picking up previ
ously cut crop from the ?eld and conveying the same
rearwardly toward the basic unit constituting the forage
harvester, per se.
. ,
FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation of
the same type of assembly and showing the crop gather
tween laterally disposed side plates 15, the upper ?ight
of which conveyor moves upwardly and rearwardly for
delivering crop material into the open forward end of
the housing in. The conveyor 14 is disposed between
side bars in extending downwardly and forwardly from
between said side plates 15 and forming a part of a frame
3,026,664
3
4
structure, designated generally at 17, which pivots about
plates 34 to the position seen in FIG. 3 where their rear
a transversely extending shaft 18 power rotated by a
part of the aforesaid drive mechanism 13 and operating
the said conveyor 14. The lower forward ends of the
wardly overbalanced weight will hold them entirely clear
of the adjacent support.
side bars 16 carry an idler shaft 20 on which are idlers
tion of the unit F rearwardly in proper relationship with
21 carrying the forepart of the conveyor 14 and these side
bars 16 are swung upwardly and downwardly about the
axis of the shaft 18 by suitable lift mechanism, designated
collectively at 2-2, the construction and operation of one
version of which is also made clear in Patent No. 2,5 24, 10
In order then to pull back on and hold the upper por
the basic unit A we provide at each side a link or link
mechanism, designated generally at 37, having normally
overlapping front and rear link elements 38 and 39, the
adjacent ends of which are pivoted at spaced locations
40 to the bent end of a handle element 41 so that when
083 so that further description herein should not be re
the latter is swung into substantial parallelism with this
quired.
link mechanism (as it appears in FIGS. 2 and 5) and
held by a slidable ring 41‘1 the effective length of the link
mechanism is reduced. The forward end of the front
link element 38 is either pivoted or hooked at 42, as
Suitable bracing 19 joins the housing 10 to the axle
D as is best seen in the side elevations of FIGS. 2, 3 and 5.
In FIGS. 1, 2 and 4 the basic unit A is shown as ?tted
with a pickup type of crop gathering unit, designated
generally at F, including widely spaced apart side panels
23, suitably braced and ribbed for stiffening purposes
may be desired, to a bracket 43 secured to the upper
corner portion of the unit F, while the rear link element
39 as here shown takes the form of an elongated eye
and provided with rearwardly extending but relatively
which may ‘be releasably hooked into an upwardly and
inset sides 24 which ?t nicely, slidably between the out 20 rearwardly extending notch 44 in a clip 45 held in place
wardly ?aring forward ends of the aforesaid sides 15 of
by one of the bolts 46 by which a self-aligning bearing
unit A. While not particularly material to an under
assembly 47 for the aforesaid shaft 18 is held in place
standing of the present invention it may be noted that
in the sides 15, as is clearly seen in FIG. 7. The clips
that unit P will ordinarily be provided with a suitable
45 angle outwardly and forwardly, as is also shown in
crop pickup device, a portion of which appears at G in
FIG. 7, in order to facilitate engagement of these rear
FIG. 1, as well as with an auger H which directs the
link elements 39 with the notches 44. It will be readily
material picked up from the ?eld surface rearwardly into
appreciated that with the link mechanisms 37 in the closed
engagement with the upwardly and rearwardly moving
or overlapped position of either FIG. 2 or FIG. 5, there
?ight of the conveyor 14 by which this material is then
will ‘be imparted a rearward pull upon the gathering unit,
moved into the unit A for processing therein. Ordinarily 30 moving the same rearwardly about the axis of the trans
the units A and F are secured together by a plurality of
versely aligned pivot connections established by the en
gagement of the notches 29 with the supports 24 in order
bolts (not, of course, here shown) so that their separa
tion not only requires the use of tools for loosening these
to hold the units in proper angularly and operative re
bolts but also considerable time, labor and heavy lift
lationship with each other. It is, however, desirable to
ing, as has been stated hereinbefore. It is the purpose of 35 provide downwardly and rearwardly extending beads 48
our present invention to overcome these undesirable con
which are stamped in the side plates 24 which beads 48
ditions previously existing in this type of equipment as
are enlarged at lower ends 49 and engaged in bracing or
bearing engagement with the upper edge portions of the
will now be described.
In accordance with our invention supports or mounting
side bars 16 when the link mechanisms 37 are closed and
projections 25 are located in laterally extending positions
?t into laterally restrained engagement with clips 50 se
adjacent the lower fore corners of the side bars 16 and
cured in proper positions to the side bars 16, the upper
extremities 51 of which are bent outwardly in order to
while these supports may be constructed in various ways,
they are here shown as being in the form of tubular ex~
receive said ends 49, as is clearly shown in FIG. 8.
tensions of a transversely extending pipe 27 through which
When the gathering unit F is not in place upon the
basic unit A it is supported at the proper relative angle
is extended a cross rod 26 as is best shown in FIG. 9.
In any event, the supports 25 thus formed are circular,
thereto, and at a substantial elevation at its rear end above
as viewed from the side, to cooperate with the circular
the ground, by means of a parking leg 53 on at least one
closed forward ends 28 of notches 29 which are formed
side and operatively associated with the bracket 30 at that
in brackets 30 secured at 31 to the rounded rear corners
side as will now be described. At what may be referred
of the back plates 32 which unite the widespread side 50 to as its upper end the leg 53 is slotted at 54 for slidable
panels 23 with the side plates 24. The notches 29 open
and pivotal engagement with a pin 55 secured to said
in a rearward direction and are ?anged for stiffening
bracket 30 and extending outwardly therefrom into a clip
purposes as is clearly shown in the side elevation of
56 spaced from the bracket but secured thereto by an in
FIG. 3. When the units A and F are assembled the
wardly turned ?ange 57 at its upper end. This ?ange is
notches 29 ?t rearwardly over the supports 25 and the 55 so dimensioned that there is just sufficient spacing be
spacing between the brackets 30 is such that they will
tween the clip 56 and bracket 30 for the accommodation
closely ?t the outer surface of the side bars 16 in order
of the parking leg 53 and when the latter is swung to its
to prevent relative lateral displacement of the parts.
downwardly and rearwardly extending operative position,
Dish-shaped guides 33 are held in place by the aforesaid
seen in FIG. 3, its upper end 58 will bear ?rmly against
tie rod 26 at outer ends of the supports 25 and ?are apart, 60 the underside of the ?ange 57. Collapse of leg 53 is
or outwardly in the forward direction, in order to guide
prevented, however, by the engagement of its upper end
the ?anged notches 29 into proper engagement with the
in a forward direction with a stop pin 59, also joining
supports as is also apparent in FIG. 9. Once this con
the bracket 50 and the clip 56. In order to provide ade
nection is established between the notches 29 and the
quate area for proper support of the weight of the gather
supports 25 it is retained by means of latch plates 34,
ing unit F the parking leg 53 is provided at its lower end
pivoted at 35 to the rear corner portions of the brackets
with a shoe 60 disposed at the proper angle for ground
30 above the notches, so that corners 36 of the latches
engagement. When not in use the leg 53 is pulled down
will extend downwardly through suitable slots in the
wardly the distance permitted by the slot 54 until the
?anges about the notches and will rearwardly engage over
upper end of the leg clears the stop pin 59, at which point
the rear surfaces of the supports 25, the parts being held 70 the leg may be pivoted about the pin 55 upwardly and
in such position by the forwardly overbalanced weight of
rearwardly to the position at which it is shown in FIG. 2.
the latch plates 34. Thus a normally locked but pivotal
The leg 53 is held in either of its positions by means of a
connection is established between the unit F and the
retractile coil spring 61 stretched between the lower for
lower fore portions of the side bars 16, but this con
ward portion of the leg and a relatively forward point
nection may be released merely by swinging the latch 75 on the lower edge of the bracket 30 so that the spring will
3,026,664;
5
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pull upwardly ‘in the parked position and will slide the
ing unit F’ of the type which is for cutting and gathering
units and the other link elements having eyes, and the
other of said units having notched brackets for releas
ably engaging the eyes on said link elements whereby as
the link elements are drawn into overlapping relationship
and are moved to over-center relative positions by said
handles the basic and crop gathering units will be drawn
a standing row ‘crop, such as corn as an example, is re
together at upper portions.
leg forward on pin 55 in the raised position of the leg, as
is seen in FIG. 2, so that the leg will stay in its proper
raised position.
In FIG. 5 we illustrate the manner in which a gather
movably mounted upon the basic unit A, the structure of
2. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
unit including a wheel supported frame and means in said
tical with those just described. In this instance, how 10 unit for processing crop material as the frame is moved
ever, the outer sheets of the gathering snouts I will over
forwardly over a ?eld, a crop gathering unit mounted
lie or overhang the junction between the supports 25 and
forwardly of said basic unit for gathering crop material
notches Z9‘ and it will be desirable to lengthen the latch
from the ?eld and conveying same to said basic unit for
plates, previously identi?ed at 34 and identi?ed in this
processing therein, means for mounting the crop gather
view as 342*, so that their rear ends are more readily ac 15 ing unit on the basic unit which includes laterally spaced
cessible for manipulation. Also the rear inclined por
supports on one unit and the other unit having cooperat
tion I of this unit F’ is provided with downwardly ex
ing notches for engaging said supports, said supports and
tending brace plates ‘62 which engage the clips 50 and
notches being located near the lower portions of the basic
serve to brace the unit F’ against the pull of the links or
and crop gathering units and when engaged pivoting
link mechanisms 37 in lieu of the stiifening beads 48 20 these units together, relatively upwardly located nor-‘
previously described. Otherwise the structure is funda
mally overlapping fastening links located one at each side
mentally the same as that just described and the follow
of the basic unit and each comprising a pair of link ele
ing description of the operation of the structures will
ments and a handle having spaced pivots connecting
su?ice for both.
center portions of said link elements, means pivoting one
To separate either of the gathering units F or F’ from 25 of said link elements of each fastening link to one of said
the basic unit A the gathering unit is raised and the park
units and means releasably engaging the other link ele
ing leg 53 moved to the position of FIG. 3. In order
ment with the other of said units, whereby as the link
not to obliterate parts of the lower support connections
elements are moved to overlapping relative positions by
the parking leg is only partially shown in FIG. 2 and is
said handles the basic and crop gathering units will be
entirely omitted in FIG. 5. The gathering unit is then
drawn together at upper portions.
I
lowered onto the parking leg, the latch plates 34 (or 34*’)
3. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
opened and the link mechanisms opened until they may
unit including a wheel supported frame and means in said
be unhooked from the clips 45. The basic unit is then
unit for processing crop material as the frame moves for
moved rearwardly on its wheeled frame B until it is clear
wardly over a ?eld, said unit having side plates, a crop
of the parked gathering unit. To reconnect the units the 35 gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic unit for
basic unit is moved forward again until the supports 25
gathering crop material from the ?eld and conveying same
enter the notches and the beads 48 or clips 62 reengage
to said basic unit for processing therein, means for mount
the clips 50, the latch plates 34 or Me are again closed
ing the crop gathering unit on the basic unit which in
cludes laterally spaced support brackets on the gathering
and the link mechanisms 37 hooked up again to the clips
unit for overlapping the side plates, supports on the side
45 and closed. As the gathering unit is raised the park
plates and the brackets having cooperating notches for en
ing leg 53 may be swung upwardly out of the way and
gaging said supports, said supports and notches when en
this may in fact be done before ?nal hooking up of the
gaged pivoting these units together, relatively upwardly
link mechanisms. All of these operations are carried
located overlapping pivoted fastening links located one at
out quickly, easily and without tools as will be apparent.
The various pivot centers for the bars making up the 45 each side of the basic unit and each comprising a pair
of link elements and a handle having spaced pivots con
lift mechanism 22 are so arranged that the pivoting of
necting adjacent ends of said link elements, and means
the gathering units about the shaft 18 as these units are
pivoting one of said link elements of each fastening link
raised and lowered will not materially alter the proper
to one of said units and means releasably connecting the
angular working relationship between the units A and F
(or F’) or interfere with the various link connections be 50 other link element to the other of said units whereby as
the link elements are moved to overlapping center rela
tween the units.
tive positions by said handles the basic and crop gather
It is understood that suitable modi?cations may be
ing units will be drawn together at upper portions.
made in the structure as disclosed, provided such modi
4. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a
?cations come within the spirit and scope of the ap~
pended claims. Having now therefore fully illustrated 55 basic unit including a traveling frame and means in said
unit for processing crop material as the frame travels
and described our invention, what we claim to be new
forwardly over a ?eld, said unit having side plates, a crop
and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic unit for
1. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
gathering crop material from the field and conveying
unit including a traveling frame and means in said unit
same, to said basic unit for processing therein, means for
for processing crop material as the frame travels for
mounting the crop gathering unit on the basic unit which
wardly over a ?eld, a crop gathering unit mounted for
the connecting and fastening parts in general being iden
includes laterally spaced and rearwardly projecting sup
port brackets on the gathering unit for overlapping the
side plates, supports on the side plates and the brackets
processing therein, means for mounting the crop gather
ing unit on the basic unit which includes transversely 65 having cooperating rearwardly opening notches for en
gaging said supports, said supports and notches when
spaced supports on one unit and the other unit having
engaged pivoting these units together, relatively upward
cooperating notches for engaging said supports, said sup
ly located overlapping pivoted fastening links located
ports and notches being located on lower portions of the
one
at each side of the basic unit and'each comprising a
basic and crop gathering units and when engaged pivot
pair of link elements and a handle having spaced pivots
ing these units together, relatively upwardly located over
connecting adjacent ends of said link elements, and means
center pivoted fastening links located one at each side of
pivoting one of said link elements of each fastening link
the basic unit and each comprising a pair of link elements
to one of said units and means releasably connecting the
and a handle having spaced pivots connecting center
other link element to the other of said units whereby as
portions of said link elements, means pivoting one of
the link elements are moved to said overlapping relative
said link elements of each fastening link to one of said
wardly of said basic unit for gathering crop material
from the ?eld and conveying same to said basic unit for
7.5
3,026,664
7
,
positions by said handles the basic and crop gathering
8
spaced pivots connecting adjacent ends of said link ele
units will be drawn together at upper portions.
ments, means pivoting one of said link elements of each
fastening link to the gathering unit, eyes on the other
5. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
unit including a wheel supported frame and means in said
link element, notched brackets on the basic unit for
engagement with said eyes whereby as the link elements
unit for processing crop material as the frame moves
are moved to overlapping relative positions by said
forwardly over a ?eld, said unit having side plates, a crop
handles the basic and crop gathering units will be drawn
gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic unit for
together at upper portions.
gathering crop material from the ?eld and conveying
8. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
same to said basic unit for processing therein, means for
mounting the crop gathering unit on the basic unit which 10 unit including a wheel supported frame and means in
includes laterally spaced support brackets on the gathering
said unit for processing crop material as the frame moves
unit for overlapping the side plates, supports on the side
forwardly over a ?eld, a crop gathering unit mounted
plates and the brackets having cooperating notches for
forwardly of said basic unit for gathering crop mate
engaging said supports, said supports and notches when
rial from the ?eld and conveying same to said basic unit
engaged pivoting these units together, relatively upwardly
for processing therein, means for mounting the crop
located overlapping pivoted fastening links located one
gathering unit on the basic unit which includes laterally
at each side of the basic unit and each comprising a pair
spaced supports on one unit and the other unit having
of link elements and a handle having spaced pivots con
cooperating notches for engaging said supports, said sup
necting adjacent ends of said link elements, means pivot
ports and notches being located at lower portions of the
ing one of said link elements of each fastening link to 20 basic and crop gathering units and when engaged pivot
one of said units and means releasably connecting the
ing these units together, relatively upwardly located over
other link element to the other of said units whereby as
lapping fastening links located one at each side of the
the link elements are moved to said overlapping relative
basic unit and each comprising a pair of link elements
positions by said handles the basic and crop gathering
and a handle having spaced pivots connecting center por
units will be drawn together at upper portions, and means 25 tions of said link elements, means pivoting one of said
extending angularly between an upper point on the crop
link elements of each fastening link to one of said units
gathering unit and a relatively lower and rearwardly
and means releasably connecting the other link elements
located point on the basic unit at each side to brace the
to the other of said units whereby as the link elements
units as the links are overlapped to hold said units
are moved to overlapping relative positions by swinging
together.
said handles to positions substantially parallel with the
6. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
links the basic and crop gathering units will be drawn
unit including a wheel supported frame and means in
together at upper portions, and retainer rings to slip
said unit for processing crop material as the frame moves
over the handles and one of said link elements to hold
forwardly over a ?eld, said unit having side plates, a
crop gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic unit
for gathering crop material from the ?eld and conveying
same to said basic unit for processing therein, means for
mounting the crop gathering unit on the basic unit which
includes laterally spaced support brackets on the gather
ing unit for overlapping the side plates, supports on the
the handles in such positions.
9. For a crop gathering and processing machine which
when engaged pivoting these units together, relatively
upwardly located. overlapping pivoted fastening links lo
gathering unit on the basic unit including laterally spaced
support brackets on the gathering unit for overlapping
the side plates, laterally projecting supports on the side
includes a basic unit having a wheel supported frame
and means for processing crop material as the frame
moves forwardly over a ?eld and said unit having side
plates, means for demountably securing a crop gathering
unit forwardly of said basic unit for gathering crop mate
40
side plates and the brackets having cooperating notches
rial from the ?eld and conveying same to said basic unit
for engaging said supports, said supports and notches
for processing therein, said means for mounting the crop
cated one at each side of the basic unit and each com
prising a pair of link elements and a handle having spaced 45 plates and the brackets having cooperating rearwardly
pivots connecting adjacent ends of said link elements,
means pivoting one of said link elements of each fasten
ing link to one of said units and means releasably con
necting the other link element to the other of said units
opening notches for engaging said supports, said supports
and notches when engaged pivoting these units together,
relatively upwardly located overlapping pivoted fastening
links connected between the basic unit and gathering unit
whereby as the link elements are moved to said over 50
and operative to draw said units together, means where
lapping relative positions by said handles the basic and
by the links may be unhooked from one of said units, and
crop gathering units will be drawn together at upper
brace means extending between the units and slidably as
portions, and means extending angularly between an
sociated with one of said units.
upper point on the crop gathering unit and a relatively
10. For a crop gathering and processing machine
lower and rearwardly located point on the basic unit 55
which includes a basic unit having a wheel supported
at each side to brace the units as the links are overlapped
frame and means for processing crop material as the
to hold said units together, said last mentioned means
frame moves forwardly over a ?eld and said unit having
being secured to one of said units and slidable into brac
side plates, means for demountably securing a crop gath
ing engagement with the other of said units.
ering unit forwardly of said basic unit for gathering crop
7. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a basic
material from the ?eld and conveying same to said basic
unit including a wheel supported frame and means in said
unit for processing therein, said means for mounting the
unit for processing crop material as the frame moves
crop gathering unit on the basic unit including laterally
forwardly over a ?eld, said unit having side plates, a crop
spaced support brackets on the gathering unit for over
gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic unit for
gathering crop material from the ?eld and conveying 65 lapping the side plates, laterally projecting supports on
the side plates and the brackets having cooperating rear
same to said basic unit for processing therein, means for
wardly opening notches for engaging said supports, said
mounting the crop gathering unit on the basic unit which
supports and notches when engaged pivoting these units
includes laterally spaced support brackets on the gather
together, relatively upwardly located overlapping pivoted
ing unit for overlapping the side plates, supports on the
side plates and the brackets having cooperating notches 70 fastening links connected between the basic unit and gath
ering unit and operative to draw said units together,
for engaging said supports, said supports and notches
when engaged pivoting these units together, relatively
upwardly located overlapping pivoted fastening links lo—
cated one at each side of the basic unit and each com
means whereby the links may be unhooked from one of
said units, brace means extending between the units and
slidably associated with one of said units, and outwardly
prising a pair of link elements and a handle having 75 forwardly projecting guides on said supports to guide
3,026,664
10
the notched brackets into engagement with the said sup
units together, relatively upwardly located normally over
ports.
lapping fastening links located one at each side of the
basic unit and each comprising a pair of link elements
11. For a crop gathering and processing machine which
and a handle having spaced pivots connecting adjacent
includes a basic unit having a wheel supported frame
end portions of said link elements, means pivoting one
and means for processing crop material as the frame
of said link elements of each fastening link to one of said
moves forwardly over a ?eld and said unit having side
units and means releasably connecting the other link
plates, means for demountably securing a crop gathering
element to the other of said units whereby as the link
unit forwardly of said basic unit for gathering crop mate
elements are moved to over-center relative positions by
rial from the ?eld and conveying same to said basic unit
for processing therein, said means for mounting the crop 10 said handles the basic and crop gathering units will be
drawn together at upper portions, and support members
gathering unit on the basic unit including laterally spaced
support brackets on the gathering unit for overlapping
the side plates, laterally projecting supports on the side
plates and the brackets having cooperating rearwardly
opening notches for engaging said supports, said sup\
ports and notches when engaged pivoting these units to
extending between the basic and crop gathering units
and braced therebetween tightly when the support links
are moved to said overlapping positions for holding upper
parts of the units together.
14. For a crop gathering and processing machine, a
gether, relatively upwardly located overlapping pivoted
basic processing unit including a wheel supported frame,
a crop gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic
fastening links connected between the basic unit and gath
unit for gathering crop material from the ?eld and con
ering unit and operative to draw said units together, means
whereby the links may be unhooked from one of said 20 veying same to said basic unit for processing therein,
means for mounting the crop gathering unit on the basic
units, braces extending between the units and slidably
unit which includes laterally located and projecting sup
associated with one of said units, outwardly forwardly
ports on one unit and the other unit having cooperating
projecting guides on said supports to guide the notched
notches for engaging said supports, said supports and
brackets into engagement with the said supports, and
notches being located at lower portions of the basic and
at least one parking leg pivoted on said gathering unit for
crop gathering units and when engaged pivoting these
movement from raised transport positions downwardly
units together, relatively upwardly located normally over
into ground engaging positions when the gathering unit
lapping fastening links located one at each side of the
is disconnected from the basic unit.
basic unit and each comprising a pair of link elements and
12. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a
a handle having spaced pivots connecting adjacent end
basic crop processing unit including a wheel supported
portions of said link elements, means pivoting one of said
frame, and said unit having side plates, a crop gathering
link elements of each fastening link to one of said units
unit mounted forwardly of said basic unit for gathering
and means releasably connecting the other link element
crop material from the ?eld and conveying same to said
to the other of said units whereby as the link elements
basic unit for processing therein, means for mounting the
crop gathering unit on the basic unit which includes 35 are moved to over-center relative positions by said han
dles the basic and crop gathering units will be drawn
laterally spaced support brackets on the gathering unit
together at upper portions, and support members ex
for overlapping the side plates, supports on the side
plates and the brackets having cooperating rearwardly
opening notches for engaging said supports, said supports
and notches when engaged pivoting these units together,
swingable lock plates on the brackets for holding the
notches and supports in engagement, relatively upward
ly located overlapping pivoted fastening links located
tending between the basic and crop gathering units and
braced therebetween tightly when the support links are
moved to said overlapping positions for holding upper
parts of the units together, the said support members
being secured to upper rear portions of the crop gather
ing unit and at lower rear ends having portions for slida
bly engaging the basic unit and stop ?anges for down
one at each side of the basic unit and each comprising
a pair of link elements and a handle having spaced 45 wardly bracing engagement with said basic unit.
15. In a crop gathering and processing machine, a
pivots connecting adjacent ends of said link elements,
basic processing unit having a wheeled frame for for
means pivoting one of said link elements of each fasten
ing link to one of said units, and means releasably con
necting the other link element to the other of said units
ward travel over a ?eld and an inclined conveyor swinga
ble about a transverse axis at its upper end, a crop gath
ering unit for mounting in front of the basic unit, re
leasable locking means detachably connecting the lower
relative positions by said handles the basic and crop
portion of the gathering unit to the lower front end
gathering units will be drawn together at upper portions.
portion of the conveyor, a second releasable locking
13. For a crop gathering and processing machine, a
means detachably connecting the upper portion of the
basic processing unit including a Wheel supported frame,
55
gathering unit to an upper point on the basic unit, and a
a crop gathering unit mounted forwardly of said basic
rigid brace means extending between said units inter
unit for gathering crop material from the ?eld and con
mediate said locking means and held under compression
veying same to said basic unit for processing therein,
therebetween to substantially carry the weight of the
means for mounting the crop gathering unit on the basic
pickup unit and prohibit strain on said ?rst locking means.
unit which includes laterally located and projecting sup
ports on one unit and the other unit having cooperating 60
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
notches for engaging said supports, said supports and
UNITED STATES PATENTS
notches being located at lower portions of the basic and
whereby as the link elements are moved to over-center
crop gathering units and when engaged pivoting these
2,763,115
Skromme ____________ .. Sept. 18, 1956
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