close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3027692

код для вставки
April 3, 1962
w. J. SHAPIRO
3,027,683
LOAD DROPPING TOY WITH MAGNETIC MEANS
Filed June 23. 1959
/7
I8
I’?
INVENTOR.
I5
'
[5 all
WILL/HM J SHF/P/RO
HTTOR‘NEYS
Uite
ttes atent
?ice
2
1
3,027,683
LOAD DROPPENG TUY WITH MAGNETIC MEANS
William ii. Shapiro, 653 Montgomery St, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Filed June 23, 1959, Ser. No. 822,345
12 tClaims. (til. 46-242)
The invention relates to a toy which uses a vehicle or
3,9216%
Patented Apr. 3, 1962
FIG. 2 is a full sized view of a releasable bomb and a
portion of the vehicle showing a magnet;
PEG. 3 is a partial side view of the vehicle with a mag
net and of a bomb attached thereto;
FIG. 4 is a partial side view of the vehicle and bomb
showing one method of reducing the strength of magnetic
attraction;
vehicle member mounted for movement along a track
FIG. 5 is a partial side view of the vehicle and bomb
such as a string or cord and a releasable member such
showing another method of reducing magnetic attrac
as a load, bomb or gate is retained on the vehicle by
tion;
magnetic attraction. The magnetic attraction is of such
strength that the releasable member is retained by the
FIG. 6 is a partial side view of the vehicle and bomb
illustrating a third method of reducing magnetic attrac
vehicle as it moves on the track but is released by manipu
tion;
lation of the track such as by jarring, snapping or the
FIG. 7 is a partial side view of the vehicle and bomb
like. The user will manipulate the track at the end which 15 with another variation for reducing magnetic attraction;
is held by the hand as the vehicle rides down the track,
FIG. 8 is a partial side view of the vehicle and a bomb
so that the release of the release member occurs remote
mounted in a horizontal position with means to prevent
rocking;
ly or at a distance from the point of manipulation.
It is an object of the invention to construct a toy hav
FIGURE 9 is a partial side view of the vehicle carry~
ing a vehicle or vehicle member movable along a track 20 ing a releasable gate which obstructs the outlet of a stor
which can be manipulated such as by jarring, snapping
age means for one or more releasable bombs;
or the like and having a releasable member releasably at
tached to the vehicle through magnet means of such
the bomb mounted on the vehicle in an inverted or nose
strength that the releasable member is normally retained
on the vehicle as it moves along the track but can be re
FIGURE 10 is a partial side view of the vehicle and
up position and with means to prevent swinging of the
25 bomb;
leased by manipulation of the track.
FIG. 11 is a partial side view of ‘another form; and
In addition to the above, the release of the release
FIG. 12 is a partial sectional view of the form of
FIG. 11.
member may be accomplished at the end of the track
held by the user, that is remote or distant from the ve
The toy includes a vehicle or vehicle member 10 of any
30 suitable form that particularly shown being a toy air
hicle.
Another object of the invention is as above but so con
structed that the effective strength of the magnetic means
when too strong may be reduced to a level such that the
releasable member normally remains attached to the ve
hicle yet has a limited attraction such that the releasable
plane or glider which is mounted for movement on a
track 11 such as a string or cord. The vehicle carries
suitable track mounting means 12 for mounting the ve
hicle for movement on the track, the means particularly
shown being spaced upright ?anges each having a hole
member is readily released upon manipulation of the
track such as by jarring, snapping or the like.
therein through which the string or cord passes. One end
of the track may be anchored in any suitable fashion such
Another object of the invention is to construct a toy
as by being tied to the leg of a chair and the other end of
having a vehicle member movable along a track and a
the track is held by the child or operator to hold the track
releasable member attached thereto by magnetic means 40 taut and in an inclined position so that the vehicle will
which is releasable upon manipulation of the track and
move by gravity down the track. By jarring, snapping or
having ‘locating means to locate the releasable member in
otherwise manipulating the track the vehicle is agitated
proper position with respect to the magnetic means.
sufficiently to release a releasable member carried by the
vehicle. A target or targets may be placed beneath the
A still further object of the invention is to construct
a vehicle movable along a track and a releasable member 45 track, the object being to place a bomb on the target or
one of the targets if more than one is provided or used.
secured to the vehicle by magnetic means ‘and readily re
The release member 15 may be of any form, that partic—
leasable by manipulation of the track in which the re
ularly shown in most of the ?gures being a bomb. It may
leasable member is retained in the required position and
be a gate as will appear more fully hereinafter. The
means are provided to prevent rocking of the releasable
release member is releasably retained on the vehicle or
member with movement of the vehicle on the track.
vehicle member during its movement on the track by mag
Another object is to construct a toy having a vehicle
movable along a track in which a releasable member is
attached to the vehicle by magnetic means and readily
released by manipulation of the track in which the re
netic means which includes a magnet 16 suitably mount
ed on one member such as being cemented thereto and an
armature carried by the other member. With a magnet
of substantial weight, it would be better to have the mag
net carried by the vehicle member 10 and the armature
forming a part of or carried by the release member. In
objects received within the storage means.
the construction of FIG. 2, the armature is a part of the
A further object is to construct a releasable bomb in
which a ?n thereof serves one or more of the following 60 bomb in being a metallic ?n 17 carried by the bomb.
The release member is constructed to prevent fore and
functions, as the armature or carries the ‘armature of the
aft or axial rocking of the release member by the ?at
magnetic means, to locate the ‘armature with respect to
surfaced rear or tail edge of the ?n coming in contact with
the magnet, to stabilize the bomb against rocking, and
the underside of the vehicle, the magnet or both. The
to space the armature from the magnet when it is desired
release member preferably will also carry means for
to reduce the magnetic attraction.
65
preventing sideway rocking of the release member on the
Other objects of the invention will be more apparent
vehicle which in the bomb of FIG. 2 and other ?gures is
from the following description when taken in connection
leasable member is a gate which opens an outlet for a
storage means or container on the vehicle ‘for release of
with the accompanying drawings illustrating preferred
the ?at end or tail edge of a cross ?n 18 which engages
the underside of the vehicle. The release member will
70 remain attached to the magnet 16 without such stabilizing
means; however, release is not as positive and the bomb
able along a track and having a releasable member in
may tend to “walk” or shift on the magnet or rocking
the form of a bomb magnetically retained on the vehicle;
embodiments of the invention in which:
FIG. 1 is a side view or reduced size of a vehicle mov
3
3,027,683
A.
where the side edge of the ?n is in direct contact with
the magnet and will release satisfactorily upon manipula
tion of the track. Without" more, however, the bomb
of the bomb tends to inadvertently or prematurely release
the same.
The magnetic attraction of the magnetic means should
be of such strength that it retains the release member at
tached to the vehicle under normal operation and yet
must be weak enough so that upon manipulation of the
tends to rock sidewise or shift position and when this
occurs tends to introduce error in the drop when the
toy is used with a target beneath the track. The con
track, such as by jarring, snapping and the like, the vehicle
struction of FIG. 8 overcomes this in which means are
is also jarred or snapped and the release member is re
leased from magnetic attachment to the vehicle. This
provided to stabilize or prevent rocking of the bomb.
In this construction, the ?n 17 is shown as being of non
relationship is particularly important when the objective
10 metallic material so that a metallic armature 30 is pro
is to release a bomb or bombs on a target on the floor
require violent or heavy manipulation of the track, the
vided secured to the side edge of the ?n by a thin metal
strip or tab being wrapped over its edge. A stabilizing
means 31 may be attached to the vehicle 10 and having
accuracy with which a bomb was dropped on a target
a slot 32 which receives the ?n and prevents the same
beneath the track. If the magnetic attraction is such as to
would be affected. A magnet has been successfully used 15 from rocking and shifting position on the vehicle.
which is about 5/; of an inch long and approximately 1A;
A releasable bomb 15 may have a point 35 at the end
of an inch square. If the magnet, as shown in FIG. 2,
thereof for pin pointing the drop on a target beneath the
should be too strong to release the release member with
track and thereby more precisely ?x the location of the
the desired ease by manipulation of the track there are
bomb drop with respect to the target squares or rings
various ways of reducing the magnetic attraction as shown
for scoring purposes. The bomb with a metallic point
in FIGS. 3 through 7 and 11, 12.
35 may use the point as the armature carried by the
In FIG. 3 the magnet is on the upper surface of the
releasable member or bomb as shown in FIG. 10‘. With
vehicle 10‘ so‘ that the thickness of the vehicle material
a toy so used it is not necessary that the ?n 17 be me
such as cardboard or plastic is between it and the arma
tallic but it may be a cardboard ?n. In order to keep
ture 17 of the release member. FIG. 4 shows a construc 25 the releasable load or bomb 15 from swinging as the
tion in which the magnet 16 is mounted in an aperture
vehicle travels down the track restraining or stabilizing
through the vehicle 10 but the armature 17 is spaced there
means is used to support the bomb against swinging.
from such as by one or two spaced lugs or feet 21 and
The particular means shown in FIG. 10 is a tube 35
similar lugs or feet on the cross ?n 18 so that the arma
secured to the vehicle 10 at the magnet 16. The point
ture is not in direct contact with the magnet. A lug about 30 35 provides ample magnetic attraction to secure or
1/32 of an inch high will reduce magnetic attraction su?i
attach the bomb to the vehicle member until the track‘
ciently to cleanly release the release member upon track
is manipulated to release the same.
manipulation.
Such lugs serve also to stabilize the re
lease member against rocking.
The construction of FIG. 9 illustrates a construction
FIG. 5 shows another
in which the releasable member need not be a releasable
method of reducing the magnetic attraction with an arma 35 bomb. Here the releasable member is a gate member
ture such as a metallic ?n 17 by a limited length of the
38 having a gate 39 which may be of metal to form an
armature or ?n coming into contact with the magnet. In.
armature or carry an armature for releasable attach
order to assure proper positioning of the release member
ment to the magnet 16. When the gate is in position
with respect to the vehicle, the release member and vehicle
held by the magnet, it obstructs an open lower end or"
member may have locating means which is shown in FIG. 40 a carrier, shown as a magazine 40, when the vehicle
5 as being a tab or tongue 22 carried by the vehicle mem
rides down the inclined track, so that the load within
ber or release member and shown on the ?n 17 of the
the magazine or carrier cannot fall out. The load par
release member and received in a hole 23 on the other
ticularly shown is one or more balls 41. Preferably
member and shown as extending through the vehicle
the releasable gate member has one or more locators in
member 10. The construction of FIG.- 4 shows a similar
the form, of one or more tabs 42 each of which passes
locating means used with this form.
through a hole in the vehicle 16 so that the gate will be
Another method of reducing the magnetic attraction is
properly located before the open end of the magazine.
shown in FIG. 6 in which the armature or metallic ?n 17
has one or more points 24, two being shown which come.
Manipulation of the track will release the release or gate
member 38 and the balls 41 will roll or fall out of the
into contact with the magnet 16 preferably at the poles 50 magazine. A string 43 or hinge may be attached to
or adjacent its ends where magnetic attraction is greatest.
the gate member and to the vehicle so that the gate
This reduces the area of armature in contact with the
member remains attached to the vehicle when released.
magnet when the ?n is of a metallic element. Locating
In FIGS. 11 and 12 a form. of releasable member or‘
means may be used to aid or require proper location of
bomb 15 is shown having a metallic ?n 17 as an armature
the armature. FIG. 7 shows a magnet attached to the
with a curved edge to reduce the area of armature in
contact with or primarily attracted by the magnet 16.
lower surface of the vehicle 10 and a nonmetallic ?n 17
such as cardboard has a cut out 25 to receive the magnet.
A releasable member so constructed without more tends
One or more metallic clips 26 are bent over the edge of
to sway or rock and inadvertently release when in mo
the cut out 25 of the ?n 17 for engagement with the
tion. A hole 46 through the vehicle at the magnet
magnet and provide limited armature area for contact 60 enables direct contact of the armature or edge of a
therewith. The cut out 25 is dimensioned to locate the
metallic ?n with the magnet secured to the upper surface
insertion of the ?n relatively to the magnet and also to
of the vehicle. This releasable member or bomb is
provide extensions or legs to aid with the tabs 26 in
shown with a single ?n. Stabilizing means is provided
stabilizing the bomb against forward swaying if this should
in spaced ‘walls or abutments 47 carried by the vehicle
be necessary or desirable.
The releasable member in the form of a bomb with a
65
and extending downwardly between which the ?n 17 is
received and engages the ?n to prevent forward swaying.
metallic ?n 17 may be mounted in horizontal position,
The vehicle may carry ears 49 engaging the ?n 17 to.
as in FIGURE 8, merely by placing the side edge of the
stabilize laterally. This shows that the stabilizing means
?n in contact with the magnet. Su?icient magnetic
may be carried by the release member or vehicle mem
attraction is not provided, however, with the construc 70 ber. It is clear that a second non-metallic ?n extending.
tion of FIG. 3 with the magnetof the strength described
at right angles may be used as a stabilizing means as
because the weight of the bomb orrthe center of gravity
shown in. the other forms.
of the bomb is removed from underneath the magnet
In the forms shown in FIGS. 2 to 9 the long dimen
and the bomb inthis construction tends to pivot release.
sion ofthe magnet has been in alignment with the axis.
The magnetic strength is su?icient to overcome this 75 of the vehicle or parallel to the track. It need not be
3,027,683
65
Ample magnetic attraction
member against inadvertent release while moving down
is secured for direct contact if the magnet is placed cross
wise as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12. There would be no
the track and one of the elements of said means having
in this direction however.
particular advantage in this direction of mounting the
an area and arrangement relative to the other such that
the weakness of the magnetic means will release the re
magnet excepting where it might be desirable to have a
long armature such as a metallic ?n and reduce the
attraction by restricting the area of contact or attrac~
lease member upon manipulation of the track remotely
from the vehicle.
2. A load dropping toy as in claim 1 including means
tion, namely the width, of the magnet presented to the
carried by one of the members including the release mem
ber and the vehicle member and engaging the other mem
ber at a point spaced from the magnet to hold the release
armature. These figures, therefore, show two methods
of reducing magnetic attraction embodied in one con
struction either of which is su?icient to reduce attraction
member against rocking when held by the magnetic means.
3. A load dropping toy as in claim 1 in which one of
the members carries means engaged by the other member
to space the magnetic means elements away from direct
locating the point of contact to adjacent an end of the 15 contact with each other.
4. A load dropping toy to run along an inclined track
magnet gives increased attraction.
comprising a vehicle member, means immovably ?xed to
Since the weight of the release member is the force
the vehicle member to mount the same for movement on
which must be overcome by the magnet in order to retain
the inclined track, at least one release member to be releas
the release member on the vehicle until released by
manipulation of the track, its weight is a factor in the 20 ably carried by the vehicle member; and magnetic means
of two elements to releasably attach the release member
strength of the magnet to be used. The lighter the
to the vehicle member including a magnet immovably
release member is in weight, permits the use of a magnet
?xed to the vehicle member and an armature immovably
of lesser strength or magnet attraction to attach the
same to the vehicle and yet release upon track manipula
?xed to the release member, the magnetic means having
tion. The bombs particularly used successfully have a
a strength to retain the release member on the vehicle
to the desired release level for a magnet as described.
For a stronger magnet both methods may be used. Also
a magnet has minimum attraction at its center so that
wooden stem of one half inch in diameter and about
an inch and three-quarters long and either cardboard or
against inadvertent release while moving down the track
the release member on what roughly was the weakest
magnetic means.
and having a weakness to release the ‘release member
upon manipulation of the track remotely from the vehicle.
a thin metal ?n and the total weight is roughly about
5. A load dropping toy as in claim 4 including stabiliz
one-half an ounce. The strength of the magnet which
will successfully support this load and yet release upon 30 ing means carried by one of the members including the
release member and the vehicle member at a point spaced
manipulation of the track was such that by the addition
from the magnet and engaging the other member to
of the weight of a penny or a total weight of about one
hold the release member against swaying when held by the
ounce the magnet lacked su?cient strength to support
6. A load dropping toy as in claim 4 in which the arma
magnetic attraction construction, such as represented by 35
ture is a magnetic ?n.
the construction of FIGS. 4, 5 and 6. The construction
7. A load dropping toy as in claim 4 in which the re
of release member shown in FIG. 2 had a stronger at‘
lease member is a bomb having a nose, the magnetic
traction, however, so that when a coin of nickel de~
means element being a metallic point carried by the nose,
nomination was attached to this bomb, the magnetic
attraction was not quite sufficient to support this addi 4-0 and stabilizing means carried by the vehicle member en
gaging the bomb to prevent swaying thereof.
tional ‘weight. It is apparent therefore that there is a
fair amount of latitude as to the strength of the attrac
8. A load dropping toy as in claim 7 in which the sta
bilizing means is a tube.
tion between the magnet and the release load which will
9. A load dropping toy as in claim 4 including a load
adequately support the load for movement of the vehicle
down the track ‘and yet will release upon manipulation 45 carrier carried by the vehicle and having an open release
end, the release member being a gate providing an arma
of the track. A heavier release member, would require
a stronger magnet. The magnetic means may include
ture, and locating means carried by the gate and vehicle
two magnets one of which serves as an armature. They
member to locate the gate to obstruct the open release
end of the load carrier and with the magnetic means
must be properly poled for attraction when the release
elements in cooperative relation.
member is mounted on the vehicle member. For reduc
10. A load dropping toy as in claim 6 in which the
tion, of attraction, a simple form is that shown in most
tin has a pair of spaced points for engagement with the
?gures where the edge of a thin metallic tin or member
is presented to the magnet.
ends of the magnet for attractive cooperation with the
magnet.
This invention is presented to ?ll a need for improve
ments in a load dropping toy with magnetic means. It 55
11. A load dropping toy as in claim 4 in which the ve
hicle member has a lower surface, and the magnet is at
is understood that various modi?cations in structure, as
well as changes in mode of operation, assembly, and
tached to the lower surface, and the release member
having a cut out at its end approximating the dimensions
manner of use, may and often do occur to those skilled
of the magnet to receive the magnet.
in the art, especially after bene?tting from teachings
12. A ‘load dropping toy as in claim 4 in which one
of an invention. This disclosure illustrates the preferred 60
of the members carries means to space the armature
means of embodying the invention in useful form.
away from direct contact with the magnet but near
What is claimed is:
enough to be magnetically retained thereby for release.
1. A load dropping toy to run along an inclined track
comprising a vehicle member, means immovably ?xed to
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
the vehicle member to mount the same for movement on
the inclined track, at least one release member to be
UNITED STATES PATENTS
releasably carried by the vehicle member, and magnetic
means of two elements to releasably attach the release
member to the vehicle member including a magnet im
movably ?xed to one member and an armature immov 70
ably ?xed to the other member, the magnetic means hav
ing a strength to retain the release member on the vehicle
2,101,276
2,512,421
2,825,181
Walter _______________ __ Dec. 7, 1937
Fay __________________ ._ June 20, 1950
Gunderson ___________ __ Mar. 4, 1958
167,945
Great Britain __________.. May 17, 1920
FOREIGN PATENTS
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
657 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа