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Патент USA US3027844

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April 3, 1962
H. BILSKY
3,027,834
PRINTING MACHINE
Filed Feb. 24, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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April 3, 1962
H. BILSKY
3,027,834
PRINTING MACHINE
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Feb. 24, 1960
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5553 GE
April 3, 1962
H. BILSKY
3,027,834
PRINTING MACHINE
Filed Feb. 24, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
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45
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April 3, 1962
H. BlLSKY
3,027,834
PRINTING MACHINE
Filed Feb. 24, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
United States Patent 0 ’ 1C6
1
3,027,834
Hyman Bilsky, 21 Great Sutton St., London England
PRINTING MACHINE
Filed Feb. 24, 1960, Ser. No. 10,807
2 Claims. (Cl. 101-492)
3,027,834
Patented Apr. 3, 1962
2
the feed lever and carrying an adjustment nut and sur
rounded by a spring which urges the feed lever against
the adjusting nut. Alternatively one or both ends of
the link or links connecting the feed lever to the type
box may be slot-ted so that lost motion between the type
box and feed lever can occur as necessary to permit
adjustment of the rest position of the web or the like
after each feeding movement; the limit of travel of the
feed lever may be determined by a set-screw or other
or shearing a strip of tickets or labels or the like or a
web of paper or the like and the invention is envisaged 10 readily adjustable abutment, the position of which can
as being particularly although not exclusively useful in , be changed according to the required position of rest
of the web or the like after each feeding movement.
relation to small machines such as are used in stores and
On the feed lever may be provided one or more web
the like for printing labels which are supplied in the
This invention relates to printing or like machines, for
example machines for printing, embossing, perforating,
form of ready perforated strips complete with attach
engaging elements in the form of independently spring
ment means such as adhesive, Wire staples, or loops of 15 loaded pivoted plates having beaks or ?ngers adapted
to engage in perforations or slots or other indentations
string.
or other irregularities in the web or strip of tickets or
‘One object of the invention is to provide an improved
the like. The web may be supported by a support hav
printing or like machine.
ing one or more slots into which the tips of some or all
A printing or like machine according to the present
invention comprises in combination a base, a ?at bed 20 of the beaks or ?ngers can project through perforations
or apertures in the web or strip of tickets or the like.
secured to said base, two side plates secured to said base
If the web has no apertures or other irregularities for
at opposite sides of said ?at bed, a type box slidably
guided between said side plates for reciprocal motion in
engagement by beaks or ?ngers there may be employed
struction the main shaft is journalled in an eccentric "
which can be rotated to vary the distance of the main
the shield in any desired position. The guide plate and
shield may be arranged so that when the guide plate is
raised the pivoted plates or other web-engaging elements
rubber ?ngers or other elements adapted to engage the
a straight line substantially perpendicular to the top sur
web frictionally. Means such as spring-loaded ?ngers
25
face of said ?at bed, a main shaft rotatably mounted on
or rubber ?ngers may be provided to ensure that the web
one of said side plates, a handle operatively connected ,
is not drawn back when the feed lever commences its
to said main shaft for rotating said main shaft, a crank
return movement.
arm secured to said main shaft, and an actuating lever
In order to vary the feed distance for each cycle of
pivotally connected to said crank arm and to said type
box, the arrangement being such that in the two end 30 movement of the feed lever there may be provided a
shield covering part of the web or the like so that it
positions of said type box in its reciprocal motion said
cannot be engaged by the feed means until the latter are
actuating lever and said crank arm are parallel to one
clear of the shield. The shield may be a plate of metal,
another and substantially perpendicular to the top surface
and this may be adjustably arranged in a guide plate
of said ?at bed. The flat bed is arranged to support
part of a web or strip of labels or the like which is being 35 which is slotted at one end, the shield being movable to
uncover more or less of the slot to expose more or less
printed, and the ?at bed may be formed of or provided
of the web or the like. Preferably the guide plate is
with a ?exible or resilient material, for example of plastic
pivotally-mounted and spring-loaded, so that by pressure
or rubber. In order that the machine may be readily
upon one end the guide plate can be raised from the web
adapted for use on webs or the like of different thick
40 support to allow the web to be initially inserted with
nesses there may be provided means for varying the path
ease. Detent or locking means may be provided to retain
or travel of the type‘box, and in one advantageousconé
shaft from the bed; the eccentric may be connected'to
an arm by which it can be rotated, and this arm may be 45 on the feed lever are lifted to allow the web to be easily
pushed into or withdraw from the machine.
provided with a quadrant or segment which ‘can be
Slide guides for the web may be adjustably mounted,
for example on slides movable by set-screws with hand
knobs, to permit webs of various widths to be fed
arm is adjustable on the main shaft or the oscillating
type-box actuating lever is adjustably attached to the 50 through the machine and located appropriately so that
the type is centralised or otherwise disposed as required
crank arm or the type-box actuating lever is fulcrummed
clamped by ‘a screw-clamp or the like to lock it in the
desired position. In alternative constructions the crank
on an eccentric journal on a shaft which can be rotated
on the labels or the like.
When the machine is to be used for printing the type
as required to adjust the path of travel of the type-box
box may be adapted to accommodate normal type-high
and then locked in position.
Automatic feed means may be provided for feeding 55 type and additionally or alternatively it may be adapted
to carry a type tray for holding type of unusual size, for
forwards the web or strip of labels or the like. In one
example small rubber-faced type. In one advantageous
advantageous construction the feed means comprises an
arrangement there is a tool holder or type tray which is
oscillating feed lever. Any desired method of oscillating
square and can be inserted into the type-box with the
the ‘feed lever may be employed, for example it may be
driven from the main shaft or from the type-box actuat 60 lines of type either parallel or transverse to the Web as
desired. The type tray may have ?anges or bevelled
ing lever, but it has been found preferable to employ a
link or links connecting the feed lever directly or indi- ,
edges to suit slots of complementary shape in the type
box, and detent means may be provided to hold the type
rectly to the type-box. In a preferred arrangement two
tray in the correct position. Instead of or in addition to
links are pivotally connected each at one end to the main
pin extending across the type-box and at the other end 65 printers’ type the type-box may carry embossing or per
forating dies, shearing blades, or other tools or serial
each one of two levers which are interconnected by a
numbering mechanism or the like.
transverse bar and are pivoted on a cross-shaft on which
An automatically-‘actuated ink applicator such as a
the feed lever is also pivoted; the transverse bar also
interconnects the two links, and the feed lever is con 70 roller or pad may be provided to supply ink to the type
face. One simple may of doing this is to mount an ab
nected to the transverse bar by means permitting adjust
sorbent ink roller between two curved spring-loaded
ment, for example a screw-threaded rod passing through
3
3,027,834
arms so that the ink roller rolls across and inks the type
face as the type-box rises and falls. The curved arms
may be shaped so that the ink roller cannot touch the side
of the type-box, or for the same purpose at one or both
4
levers 35 are interconnected by a transverse bar, and
the feed lever 32 is connected to the transverse bar by
means of a screw-threaded rod which passes through the
feed lever 32 and carries an adjusting nut 36 and is sur
ends of the ink roller there may be a wheel (with may
have a wavy or serrated edge) to roll upon the type~box.
rounded by a compression spring urging the feed lever
It is preferred to load the curved arms by means of one
or more “clock” springs which readily permit the arms
pivotally connected each at one end to the main pin 18
extending across the type-box 16 and at the other end
32 ‘against the adjusting nut 36. The two links 34 are
to swing through large angles so that the arms can be
each to the lower end of one of the two levers 35. As
swung out for inking or removal or exchange of the ink 10 the type-box moves up and down the links 34 and levers
roller. The ink roller maybe mounted on a shaft which
35 oscillate the feed lever 32; the two extreme positions
simply ?ts in slots in the curved arms so that removal
of the mechanism are illustrated in FIGURE 2. At the
and exchange of the ink roller is very quick and easy.
lower end of the feed lever 32 there are independently
In the accompanying drawings a machine according to
spring-loaded pivoted plates 37 having beaks 38 adapted
the invention is illustrated by way of example,
15 to engage in perforations in a ‘web or strip of tickets or
FIGURE 1 being an end elevation of the machine with
the like. These plates 37 are mounted on a pivot ‘bolt 39
a cover-plate partly broken away to reveal the mechanism,
which also supports a pivoted bracket 40 which is loaded
FIGURE 2 an elevation in section on the line A-—A of
by a spring 41 and forms an abutment for the springs
FIGURE 1 with the mechanism shown in two different
loading the pivoted plates 37.
e
positions,
20
The web is supported by a web support 42 which
FIGURE 3 a plan corresponding to FIGURES l
extends from one end of the base 10 up to the flat bed 20
and 2,
and is provided with grooves or slots into which the tips
FIGURE 4 a side elevation of some parts, illustrating
or some or all of the beaks 38 can project through per
a modi?ed arrangement for feeding forwards a web or
forations in the web.
_
strip of labels or the like,
In order to vary the distance through which the web
25
FIGURE 5 a view in the direction of the arrow B in
is fed forwards with each cycle of movement of the
FIGURE 4,
oscillating feed lever 32 there is provided a shield 43
FIGURE 6 a detail view in section on the line C—C in
which covers part of the web so that the latter cannot
FIGURE 5, and
be engaged by the beaks 38 until the beaks 38 clear the
FIGURE 7 a plan of a guide plate and roller guide as 30 shield'43 during their movement towards the ?at bed
shown in FIGURE 4.
_
20. The shield 43 is in the form of a plate provided
The illustrated machine comprises a hollow base 10
with a knob 44 and slidable in a guide plate 45 which
in which is ?tted a drawer 11 having a knob 12.
is slotted at its end near the ?at bed 20, the shield 43
To the top of the base 10 are secured two side plates
being movable in the guide plate 45 to uncover more or
13 and 14 ‘between which is secured a cover-plate 15.
35 less of the slot to expose more or less of the web to the
A tool holder or type-box 16‘ is slidably mounted
between the side plates 13 and 14 so that it can recipro
cate in a vertical straight line, being provided with trun
nions 17 and a main pin 18 which extend into vertical
action of the beaks 38. The guide plate 45 is pivotally
mounted and spring loaded, being secured to a boss 46
which is mounted on a shaft 47 extending into a spring
housing 48 ?xed to a bracket 49 on the top of the base
guide slots in the side plates 13 and 14. The type-box 40 10. By pressure upon the knob 44 the guide plate 45
16 is moved to-and-fro by means of an oscillating actu
can be turned against the spring loading so that its inner
ating lever 19 as explained below.
end is raised from the web support 42 to allow the web
The top of the base 10 is ?tted with a ?at bed 20 of
to be easily inserted. The guide plate 45 and shield 43
resilient material such as plastic or rubber to support ‘a
raise the beaks 38 of the pivoted plates 37 when turned
web or strip of labels or the like whilst being printed or
against the spring loading by manual pressure on the
embossed or perforated or otherwise worked upon, for 45
knob
44, thereby allowing the web to be easily pushed
example by type 56 held in a type tray 22 secured in the
into or Withdrawn from the machine.
type-box 16. A guide plate 21 is level with the surface of
in FIGURES 4 to 7 is illustrated a modi?ed and pre
the ?at bed 20 and supports the web as it leaves the bed.
The oscillating type-box actuating lever 19 is oscillated
ferred arrangement for automatically feeding forwards
a web or strip of labels or the like. Like reference nu
by means of a rotatable main shaft 23 which acts upon 50
mcrals indicate like parts in all the ?gures of the
the lever 19 through a crank 24 and a crank pin 25. The
drawings, and the arrangement shown in FIGURES 4 to
main shaft 23 is rotated by means of a handle 26 and is
7 is in some respects similar in its construction and oper~
ation to that described above and shown in FIGURES
tn'c 27 for rotation of the latter, and the arm 28 is pro 55 2_ and 3. In the feeding arrangement shown in FIG‘
URES 4 to 7 two sliding plates 70 are provided on the
vided with a quadrant or segment 29 which can be
oscillating
feed lever 32. The two sliding plates 70 are
clamped by means of a clamp plate 30 held by a clamp
connected to each other by bolts 71 and 72, and the feed
screw 31 which screws into the side plate 14. By loosen
lever 32 is provided with slots 73 in which the bolt 71
ing the clamp and turning the arm 28 and the eccentric
can slide. A guide bolt 74 passes through the feed lever
60
27 the distance of the main shaft 23 from the bed 20 can
32 and extends through slots 75 in the sliding plates 70;
be varied, and by means of the clamp the arm and eccen
thus the sliding plates 70 can slide longitudinally rela
tric can be locked in the desired position. The lower end
tively to the lever 32 but remain parallel to the lever
of the type-box actuating lever 19 is bored to accommo
32. The pivot bolt 39 (for the pivoted bracket 40 and
date the main pin 18 which extends across a slot in the
type-box 16 into the guide slots in the side plates 13 65 the web-engaging elements in the form of the pivoted
plates 37) is mounted in the sliding plates 70 and is ex
and 14.
tended to form an axle for two rollers 76. A guide
For automatically feeding forwards a web or strip of
cam 77 is secured to the web or strip guide plate 45,
labels or the like the machine is provided with an oscil
and the rollers 76 run on the upper surface of the guide
lating feed lever 32 pivotally mounted on a cross-shaft
cam 77 as the lever 32 oscillates. The sliding plates 70
33 and oscillated by means of two links 34 and two 70 are urged downwardly by tension springs which have
levers 35. The cross-shaft 33 is held between the side
their upper ends anchored to the bolt 71 and their lower
plates 13 and 14 and the two levers 35 are pivoted at
ends anchored to a cross-pin ?xed in the lever 32. The
their upper end on the cross-shaft 33 on which the feed
springs 78 thus urge the rollers 76 against the guide cam
lever 32 is also pivoted. At their lower ends the two 75 77 and provide the spring-loading for the guide plate 45‘
journalled in an eccentric 27 which is rotatably mounted
in the side plate 14. An arm 28 is secured to the eccen
3,027,834
As illustrated in FIGURE 4, the upper surface of the
guide cam 77 is ?at and parallel to the ?at bed 20
6
tion and offering advantages in use. Various modi?ca
tions can be introduced without departing from the in
vention.
I claim:
1. A machine for printing labels, comprising in com
(shown only in FIGURE 2), and it is found that this
arrangement overcomes difficulties which sometimes arise
with the arrangement shown in FIGURES l to 3 be
bination a base, a ?at bed secured to said base, two
cause of the beaks 38 of the pivoted plates 37 engaging
side plates secured to said base at opposite sides of said
in irregularities in a web or strip of labels or the like.
flat bed, a main shaft rotatably mounted in one of said
Instead of being arranged as shown, the upper surface
side plates, a handle operatively connected to said main
of the guide cam 77 may be inclined, for example it may
shaft for rotating said main shaft, a crank arm secured
be parallel to the guide plate 45, or it may be curved. 10 to said main shaft, an actuating lever pivotally con
Interchangeable guide cams 77 may be provided so that
nected to said crank arm, a main pin attached to said
an appropriate guide cam may be selected and ?tted to
actuating lever, a type box slidably guided between said
suit a particular web or strip of labels or the like. The
guide cam 77 controls the sliding movements of the slid
side plates and pivotally connected through said main pin
to said actuating lever, the arrangement being such that
ing plates 70 on the feed lever 32 as the latter oscillates 15 rotation of said main shaft causes reciprocating motion
and determines the path followed by the pivot bolt 39 by
which the pivoted plates 37 are attached to the sliding
plates 70.
Two side guides 50 and 51 for the web are adjustably
of said type box in a straight line substantially perpen
dicular to the top surface of said ?at bed, links pivotally
connected to said main pin, swing levers pivotally
mounted between said side plates ‘and pivotally connected
mounted on slides 52 which are movable by means of 20 to said links, and an oscillating label strip feed lever
set-screws provided with hand knobs 53 to permit webs
pivotally mounted between said side plates and adjustably
of various widths to be fed through the machine and
connected to said links.
appropriately located so that the type is centralised or
2. A machine for printing labels, comprising in com:
otherwise disposed as required on the web. Cover plates
bination a base, a ?at bed secured to said base, two side
25
54 are secured to the base 10 to protect and locate the
plates secured to said base at opposite sides of said ?at
slides 52, and the set screws are held in position by re
bed, a main shaft rotatably mounted in one of said side
taining plates 55 secured to the slides of the base 10.
plates, a handle operatively connected to said main shaft
The type-box 16 is adapted to accommodate normal
for rotating said main shaft, a crank arm secured to said
type-high type and also to carry the type tray 22 for
main shaft, an actuating lever pivotally connected to said
holding the small rubber-faced type 56. The type tray
crank arm, a main pin attached to said actuating lever,
22 is square and can be inserted into the type-box 16 with
a type box slidably guided between said side plates and
the lines of type either parallel to or perpendicular to the
pivotally connected through said main pin to said actuat
longitudinal edges of the web as desired, the type tray
ing lever, the arrangement being such that rotation of
22 having ?anges which ?t in slots in the type-box 16 35 said main shaft causes reciprocating motion of said type
as can be seen in FIGURE 1.
An1automatically-actuated ink roller 57 supplies ink to
the fact of the type 56. The ink roller 57 is formed of
absorbent material soaked in ink and is mounted be
tween two curved spring-loaded arms 58 and it rolls
across and inks the type face as the type-box rises and
falls as can be seen from FIGURE 2.
At one end of
box in a straight line substantially perpendicular to the
top surface of said ?at bed, an oscillating label-strip feed
lever pivotally mounted between said side plates, means
transmitting motion from said type box to said feed lever,
at least one spring-loaded member slidably mounted on
said feed lever, label-strip engaging means attached to
said spring-loaded member, a label-strip guide mounted
the ink roller 57 is a wheel 61 which rolls upon the type
on said base, and a guide earn mounted on said label
box and thereby prevents the ink roller from touching
strip guide and controlling the sliding movements of said
the type-box. The two curved arms 58 are pivotally 45 spring-loaded member on said feed lever as the latter
mounted on a shaft 59 which extends between the side
oscillates.
plates 13 and 14, and the arms 58 are loaded by means
References (Cited in the ?le of this patent
of “clock” springs 60 which readily permit the arms 58
to be swung out for applying ink to or inserting or re
moving the ink roller. The‘ ink roller 57 is mounted on 50
a shaft 62 which ?ts simply into slots in the curved arms
58 so that the ink roller can be very quickly and easily
inserted and removed.
From the description it will be seen that the invention
provides an improved machine of economical construc 55
UNITED STATES PATENTS
20,217
1,104,829
1,419,345
2,441,862
2,889,768
Pettee et al. __________ __ May 11,
Ray _________________ __ July 28,
Wright _______________ __ June 13,
Wutscher ____________ __ May 18,
Hampton ____________ .__ June ‘9,
1858
1914
1922
1948
1959
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