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Патент USA US3028039

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April 3, 1962
3,028,029
R. L. MORSE
STRIPPER AND FEEDER UNIT
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Oct. 28, 1958
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RAYMOND |_ MORSE
BY
ATTORNEY
April 3, 1962
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R. |_. MORSE
3,028,029
STRIPPER AND FEEDER UNIT
Filed Oct. 28, 1958
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG. 3.
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INVENTOR
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RAYMOND L. MORSE
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ATTORNEY
April 3, 1962
3,028,029
R. L. MORSE
STRIPPER AND FEEDER UNIT
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
Filed Oct. 28, 1958
4647
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FIG. 6.
INVENTOR
RAYMOND L. MORSE
BYWyI/W
ATTORNEY
April 3, 1962
R. L. MORSE
3,028,029
STRIPPER AND FEEDER UNIT
Filed Oct. 28, 1958
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
FIG. IO.
INVENTOR.
RAYMOND L. MORSE
ATTORNEY
United
atent
Patented Apr. 3, 1%62
of a fragmentary portion of the apparatus on a larger
scale of a part of the oscillating mechanism.
FIG. 11 is a section along the line 11-—11 of FIG. 10.
3,028,029
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STRIPPER AND FEEDER UNIT
FIG. 12 is a section along the line 12-12 of FIG. 11.
Referring with more particularity to the drawing in
which like numerals designate like parts, the embodi
ment illustrated comprises, generally, a stripping and feed
ing unit A and a ?lling unit B.
The ?lling unit B comprises a horizontal turret 21
‘Raymond L. Morse, Baltimore, Md, assignor to Universal
Machine Co., Inc, Baltimore, Md, a corporation of
Maryland, and "Joseph ' Shapiro, Baltimore, Md.
Filed Oct. 28, 1958, Ser. No. 770,113
‘1- Claim. (Cl. 214-410)
-In recent years there has become popular a certain
rotatably mounted on a frame structure 22 which may be
type of confectionary product which comprises a pastry
provided, portable by means of ground wheels or casters
cone ?lled with ice cream and wrapped in an outer conical
23.
paper jacket.
Although the manufacture of these confectionary items
Power for rotating the turret is provided by an electric
motor 24 mounted on the frame structure. The turret 21
may vary somewhat among different manufacturers, in a
is provided with a plurality, of apertures 25 adjacent
typical operation, the cones are baked by a commercial 15 the periphery for receiving and supporting the ice cream
bakery, packed in cartons and shipped to dairies where
cones 26 delivered to the turret by the stripping and
the cones are removed from the cartons and fed to a ma
feeding unit A.
A stationary cylindrical housing 27 is disposed con
chine that forms a paper jacket that is subsequently
supported at’ various stationsand into which the cones
centrically of the turret 21 and is supported on the frame
are inserted, then ?lled with fluid ice cream. The open 20 structure 22. This housing contains compartments that
ends of. the paper jackets are then closed and the com
are not shown in the drawing for holding materials to be
. pleted item discharged for transfer to storage at freezing
used in ?lling the ice cream cones, including soft ice
temperatures to solidify the ?uid ice cream.
cream, chocolate syrup, etc. These materials are fed
In some operations, the pastry cones are placed in the
to members schematically shown at 28, 29, 3d, 31, 32, and
- paper jackets by the bakery and furnished in this form to 25
' 33 through conduits 34, 35, '36, 37, 38 and 39, respectively.
the-dairies,‘ thus relieving thedairies of thesteps of form
ing the jackets and putting the cones in them. However,
The particular elements of the ?lling unit, apart from
its broad combination with the stripping and feeding unit
even these jacketed cones must be fed manually one or
two at a time to the ?lling machine which is laborious
and time consuming.
A, forms no part of the present invention and hence the
30 unit is shown only schematically.
The unit A is disposed on one side of the tmret and
'Jacketed cones --are conventionally packed in cartons
' in layers, each layer consisting of a ?ller in the form of
, it is supported on the frame of the unit B by means of
a hollow post or column 46/. The base 41 of the unit A
rests on and it is secured to the top of the column 40.
a cardboard sheet containing apertures for receiving and
" supporting the cones, theapertures being of a diameter
‘ smaller than the widest part of the cones.
‘The ‘general object of this invention is the; provision
of apparatus for receiving a layer of such jacketed cones,
stripping the ?ller therefrom and feeding the jacketed
cones to a machine which will perform all the subsequent
operations needed to complete the manufacture of the
product, including ?lling the cones with ice cream and
closing the jacket.
Another object of the invention is the provision of such
apparatus having a slideway along which the jacketed
35
Sloping outwardly and upwardly from the base 41 is a
pole 42, the lower end of which is secured cantileverwise
to a socket 43 of the base 41. To the upper end of the
pole 42' there is secured a rack 44 comprising parallel
spaced bars each being bent and ‘arranged to provide a
horizontal portion 45, 46 and 47 and a connecting arm
48, 49 and 56, respectively, to which the pole is attached
through a cross bar 51.
The portions 45, 46 and 47 are parallel to each other
and spaced apart laterally an amount to admit the lower
ends of the cones of a layer of the cones 26 supported
cones are conveyed after being stripped from their card 45 on a ?ller sheet 52 while the ?ller sheet rests on and is
board ?llers, and means for discharging the cones serially.
supported by the same portions 45, 46 and 47 , as clearly
A further object of the invention is the provision of
shown
in FIG. 2.
such an apparatus in which the slideway is in an inclined
Fixed to the base 41 are brackets in the form of spaced
plane to cause the cones to move downwardly thereon by
parallel plates 53, 54 and 55, to which sloping or in
gravity and means at the bottom of the slideway for re 50 clined parallel bars 56, 57 and58 respectively, are se
taining a column of the cones and discharging them
cured and which form together a slideway for the trans
serially.
fer of the jacketed cones from the rack 44 to the turret 21.
These objects and still further objects, ‘advantages and
The upper portions of the bars 56, 57 and 58 are bent
features of the invention will appear more fully herein
in a gradual curve so that their ends form rearwardly
after from the following description considered together 55 extending ?ngers 59, 60 and 61, respectively, above and
with the ‘accompanying drawing.
In the drawing:
vertically aligned with the portions 45, 46 and 47, re
spectively. [As a result of this arrangement, a layer of
the cones 26 may be placed on the horizontal portion
the invention, partly broken away.
of the rack 42, as shown in FIG. 1, with the ?ller sheet
60 52 resting on the bars 45, 46 and 47 and the portions
FIG. 2 is a section along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a section along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
of the cones 26 below the ?ller sheet disposed between
FIG. 4 is a section along the line 4——4 of FIG. 1.
the same bars. In this position, when the layer is moved
FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of a portion of FIG.
toward the fingers 59, 60 and 61, the cones will engage
1 illustrating the manner in which the ?llers are stripped
and be supported by the ?ngers and the filler sheets 52
65 will move to a position below the ?ngers, thereby permit
from the cones.
ting the sheets to be stripped from the cones by a force
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of the embodiment.
acting downwardly on the sheet, as shown in FIG. 5.
FIGS. 7, 8 and 9 are fragmentary plan views of the
The force may be delivered manually or by some me
lower end of the slideway showing the escapement arms
or anchors in diiferent positions relative to the cones 70 chanical arrangement (not shown).
After being thus stripped, the cones 26 continue to
being operated upon.
move
down the slideway bars 56, 57 and 58, in columns.
FIG. 10 is a side elevational view, partly in section
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of an embodiment of
3,028,029
4
..,
At the lower end of the siideway, there is provided means
the shape of two adjacent semi-cylindrical cylinders dis
for retaining the cones in columns on the slideway and
for discharging them one at a time from each column.
A preferred means for this purpose is illustrated in the
posed vertically above the path of travel of the aper
tures 25 of the turret 21. Consequently, after abutting
this shield, the cones fall by gravity onto the turret and
drawing and it comprises a pair of oscillating escape
are then carried by the turret to the ?lling stations for
rnent anchors 62 and 63. These anchors are ?xed to the
further operations.
The shield 94 is supported in position by a bracket
upper ends of oscillatable shafts 64 and 65, respectively,
said shafts being mounted in upper bearings 66, 67 and
lower thrust bearings 68, 69.
95 attached to the base member 41.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
To each shaft 64 and 65 there is secured a bevel gear 10
A stripper and feeder unit for removing ice cream
70 and '71, respectively, which meshes with a bevel gear
cones from a ?exible ?ller sheet on which the cones are
72 and 73 respectively.
held in apertures with their upper parts above and their
lower parts extending below the plane of the sheet, said
unit comprising a base member, a plurality of laterally
spaced horizontal rods above the base member to sup
The bevel gears 72 and 73 are both secured to a single
cross shaft 74 for simultaneous oscillation therewith. An
arm 75 has a clamp 76 at one end and it is therewith
secured to the cross shaft 71. This clamp feature makes
port the sheet in a horizontal position with the lower
it possible to adjust the angular relation between the arm
parts of the cones extending downwardly through the
75 and the shaft 74.
spaces between the rods, a rigid member secured at one
end to the base member and having its other end ex
The other end of the arm com
prises a threaded shank 77 engaging a longitudinal threadr
ed socket 78 to vary the eifective length of the arm. The
outer end '79 of the shank 77 is a boss which ?ts between
the bifurcations 8t} and 81 at the upper end of a vertical
having arm portions extending downwardly and secured
to said rigid member, a plurality of laterally spaced strip
rod 82 and is pivotally connected thereto by a bolt 83.
The rod 82 passes downwardly through the hollow col
per bars secured to the base member and extending up
wardly to a point above the said rods, the upper portions
tending upwardly to a point below said rods, said rods
umn 40 to a point below where it is pivotally attached 25 of said bars curving so as to provide a camming sur
to an eccentric arm 84 of a cam wheel 85. The wheel
face on the underside which is adapted to engage and
85 is secured to or integral with a horizontal shaft 86
strip the sheet from the cones and an upper surface
rotatably mounted in bearings 87 and 83 on hangers
8'9 and 99, respectively, suspended from the frame struc
ture, substantially as shown.
The other end of the shaft 86 is ?xed to a beveled
adapted to support the cones in sliding relation inde
pendently of the sheet, whereby the cones when thus
30 stripped will slide down said bars free of the sheet.
gear 91 which meshes with a bevel gear 92 secured to
a take-off shaft 593 of the motor 24.
By these means, actuation of the motor causes the
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
shaft 86 to rotate and the rod 82 to reciprocate, thereby 35
oscillating the arm 75 and shaft 74 which oscillations
2,235,855
2,297,330
are transmitted to the escapement arms 62 and 63.
As the cones are discharged by this escapement mech
2,419,351
Glassner _____________ __ Apr. 22, 1947
2,543,578
Huta? _______________ __ Feb. 27, 1951
2,636,624
2,639,076
2,845,161
Fahey ______________ __ Apr. 28, 1953
Kerr ________________ .._ May 19, 1953
Lerch _______________ __ July 29, 1958
anism serially, the action thereof being clearly illustrated
in FIGS. 7, 8 and» 9, they come to rest against an abut 40
ment shield 94 which comprises a sheet of material in
Turnbull ____________ __ Mar. 25, 1941
Schoepfer ___________ __ Sept. 29, 1942
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