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April 3, 1962 ` l. BUSCH ETAL HAT-FINISHING MACHINE 3,028,057 Filed Oct. 8, 1959 22\ 52 2 Sheets-Sheet l 20 IlIl; l 60 ¿Z et„ n' ‘í fnl' 'Le-"aw 46 /8 _ , ~ F/a/ t 30 ` /á „è“ frwir l“ Ñ ` . INVENTORS. lkw/vs 505e# /V G50/PGE rac/f6@ /4 April 3, -1962 l. BuscH ETAI. 3,028,05 7 HAT-FINISHING MACHINE Filed OCt. 8, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 mi“|ÍIpE_ „w „ß ___\ /o á C w a „70 MM ß6V6 am 9 vw www L W0 wf 04me@ má6 .R.. /v. . v. www ,M , United States 3,028,057 Patented Apr. 3, 1962 1 2 3,028,057 HAT-FINISHING MACHINE Irving Busch, 232-04 131st Ave., Laurelton, N.Y., and Nathaniel George Tucker, 92-1'7 68th Ave., Forest FIG. S is a vertical cross-section of the operating head and hat-finishing tool of FIG. 4 taken along the lines 5--5 thereof; and, FIG. 6 is a horizontal cross-section of the operating head and hat-finishing tool of FIG. 4 taken along the lines 6-6 thereof. Referring now specifically to the drawings, «FIG. 1 illustrates generally the operative portion of a hat-finish Hills, N.Y. Filed Oct. 8, 1959, Ser. No. 845,167 3 Claims. (Cl. 223-20) The present invention relates generally to hat-manu facturing equipment and in particular to a combined iron ing machine of generally conventional construction, in cluding a base 10 and a drive shaft 12 which is connected in any Well-known manner to be driven by an instantly reversible motor. A gear housing 14 transmits the motion of drive shaft 12 to an arbor 16. The arbor 16 in turn ing, pouncin'g, greasing and ragging machine for finishing hats. In the manufacture of hats it is customarily necessary to perform a long series of separate finishing operations upon the hat. These operations includ-e ironing of the hat; pouncing, which is a type of polishing operation per rotatably drives a chuck, generally designated by the ref erence numeral 18 which is employed to mount a hat block 20 `for rotation therewith. The hat which is to be finished in the hat-ûnishing machine is mounted over the hat block 20 and rotates therewith. Mounted opposite the formed with an abrasive paper; greasing which involves the application with or without heat of an oleaginous substance to the hat; and ragging, or rubbing down the hat hat block 20 and movable into operative relationship with a piece of cloth. The pouncing, greasing and rag ging are best performed with a vibrating hat-making 20 to the hat H is an operating head designated generally 2‘2. The operating head 22 is supported by a supporting tool. In the past it has been necessary either to per post 24 which in turn is mounted upon a traversing form each of these operations by hand, to employ a sepa mechanism designed to move the operating head 22 back rate machine for each of the aforesaid distinct operations and forth through a traversing movement relative to the or to use a machine which required the cumbersome 25 hat H as the latter rotates. changing of machine heads. The traversing mechanism includes a gear wheel 26 ro Accordingly, it is broadly an object of this present tatably mounted on a frame 28 rising from the base 10 invention to provide a hat-finishing machine capable of of the hat-making machine and driven by a worm gear performing the various operations of ironing, pouncing, greasing, and ragging. In particular, it is an object of this 30 30 on the arbor 16. The gear wheel 26 drives a recipro-. cating crank movement, generally designated 32, which invention to provide a hat-finishing machine which is operates to reciprocate a slide bar 34 slidably mounted capable of performing each of the aforesaid hat-finishing in a pair of bearings 36 and 38. A traverse bar 40, upon operations in turn by the use of one single machine with which the supporting post 24 is mounted, is itself rotat-v out the necessity of changing the working heads on the ably mounted upon a shaft 42 which rises from the bear machine. 35 ing 38 and has a rack-and-pinion connection to the re In accordance with an illustrative embodiment demon ciprocating slide bar 34 such that the shaft 42 is rotated strating further objects, features, and advantages of in alternating directions in response to reciprocation of this invention, there is provided a hat-finishing machine slide bar 34 to pivot the traverse bar 40, back and forth having an operating head which includes a hat iron pro jecting therefrom. A hat-making tool is also provided, through an arc which is effective to move the operating . 40 head 22 through its traverse motion. there being means on the hat iron and the hat-finishing tool which cooperate to removably and replaceably mount the hat-finishing tool on the hat iron. The hat iron has a forwardly directed ironing face which contacts the hat during the ironing operation and which is heated in ac 45 For further movement thereof, the operating head 22 is pivotally mounted upon >the supporting post 24 by means of a pivot assembly including a ñrst link 44 which is pivotally mounted on supporting post 24, a second link 46 which is mounted at the free end of first link 44 cordance with ironing requirements. The hat-finishing in pivotal relationship thereto and which supports the op tool when mounted upon the hat iron covers over the erating head 22, and a third link 48 which is rigidly se heated ironing face of the hat iron so as to present to the cured to the `iirst link 44 and is formed with a spring hat a diiîerent type of operating surface in accordance with the differing requirements ofthe pouncing, greasing, 50 engaging hook 48a. A spring 50 is secured to hook 48a and is secured to the second link 46 to bias the second or ragging operations. Further, during the greasing op link and the operating head 22 mounted thereon for piv eration the proximity of the hat-finishing tool to the heat otal movement toward the hat H. A further degree of ed ironing face of the iron provides a convenient method motion is provided by a shaft 52 which extends verti of keeping the oleaginous material which is applied to the hat during the greasing operation in a molten state so as 55 cally through the operating head 22 between a bracket 54 and a base post 56 to mount the operating head 22 for to be more readily transferable to the hat. pivotal movement relative to the second link 46. The foregoing brief summary, as well as additional In accordance with the present invention, the operat features, objects, and advantages of this invention may ing head 22 includes a housing 60 within which is mounted best tbe appreciated iby reference to the yfollowing de tailed description of an illustrative embodiment thereof, 60 a vibrator of any well known design, and a hat iron 62 taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein: PIG. 1 is an elevational view of the operative portion of a hat-making machine in accordance with the present invention; FIG. 2 is a perspective View of the operating head of the hat-finishing machine of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a perspective view o-f the vibrator and hat iron of the operating head of FIG. 2; FIG. 4 is a similar perspective view of the vibrator and the electric iron of FIG. 3 with the hat-finishing tool mounted in place upon the hat iron; which projects forwardly from the housing 60. When the operating head 22 in accordance with this invention is to be used for the ironing operation, it is in the condition illustrated in FIG. 3, with the hat iron 62 fully exposed. 65 Making use of the various degrees of motion provided by the above-described operating head 22, the operating head is moved toward the hat H as the latter rotates and a forwardly-directed heated ironing face 62C of the hat iron 62 is brought into ironing contact therewith and is subsequently traversed thereacross. When it is desired to convert the operatingV head 22 to the pouncing, greasing, or ragging operations, a hat-ñn 3,028,057 3 ishing tool 64 is mounted in place over the hat iron 62 by means of opposed tongues 64m which slide into en gagement with grooves 62a formed in the opposed side faces of the hat iron 62. Tapered holes 62h may be pro vided on one or both of the opposed faces of the hat iron which cooperate with locking screws 66 which pass through apertures in the side wall of the hat-finishing tool 64 adapted to thread into the tapped holes 62h to lock the hat-finishing tool 64 in place on the hat iron 62. The hat-finishing tool 64, when thus mounted in place over l0 the hat iron 62 is in direct mechanical contact with the vibrator and covers over the ironing face 62C so as to present a different type of working or finishing tace to the hat H when the operating head 22 is brought into opera tive relationship thereto. Speciiically, the type operat ing face depends upon what kind of hat-working or hat tinishing material is mounted upon the hat-ñnishing tool ¿i rial with which the latter is impregnated and thus achieve a more effective application thereof to the hat. The particulars of the foregoing description are pro vided merely for purposes of illustration and are subject to a considerable latitude of modiiication without depart ing from the novel teachings disclosed herein. Accord-` ingly, the scope of this invention is intended to be limited only as defined in the appended claims, which should be accorded a breadth of interpretation consistent with this specification. What we claim is: 1. In a hat-finishing machine, an operating head includ ing a hat iron ñxed to said operating head and having an ironing face, means for heating said hat iron, a hat-finish ing tool including a removable support adapted to be posi tioned in proximity to said ironing face of said hat iron and feeding means on said removable support adapted to feed at least one hat-working material across said hat 64, this material being variously selected in accordance ñnishing tool in confronting relation to said ironing face with the requirements of the pouncing, greasing or ragging of said hat iron, and slidable interengaging means -on said 20 operation then in progress. In each case, however, the hat iron and on said support cooperating to removably hat-working material consists of a strip M wound upon a supply reel 68 rotatably mounted on an axle pin 69 ex mount said hat-finishing tool on said hat iron in an opera tive position wherein said hat-Working material may be fed into confronting relation with said hat iron for heat 72 of the tool 64, and is reeled across the tool 64 under ing by the latter and for finishing a hat, said hat-finishing neath guide bars 74 and 76 and is wound up again after 25 tool being removable such that said ironing `face of hat use on a take-up reel 78 rotatably mounted on an axle iron may be employed for ironing said hat. pin ‘79 extending between downwardly projecting spaced 2. In a hat-finishing machine, an operating head ín arms 80 and 82. A take-up reel knob 84 is secured to cluding a hat iron fixed to said operating head and having axle pin 79 for rotating the take-up reel 78 to wind the an ironing face, means for heating said hat iron, a hat hat-working material M thereon. The arms 70, 72 and 30 finishing tool including a removable support adapted to 80, 82 all curve backwardly to keep the hat-working ma be positioned in proximity to said ironing face of said terial M tensed across the Working pad 86 of the hat hat iron and feeding means on said removable support iinishing tool 64. Thus, with the hat-ñnishing tool 64 is adapted to feed at least one hat-working material across connected to the hat iron 62 the hat-fmishing tool 64 may said hat-iinishing tool in confronting relation to said iron 35 be vibrated by the vibrator in housing 60 for the most tending between upwardly projecting spaced arms 7 0 and eñicient pouncing, greasing and ragging. ing face of said hat iron, and slidable interengaging tongue and groove means on said hat iron and said support re The sectional views of FIG. 5 and 6 serve best to illus spectively and cooperating to removably mount said hat tra-te the heating ele-ment 90 which is mounted behind the ñnishing tool on said hat iron in an operative position ironing face 62C of the hat iron 62 and which is ener wherein said hat-Working material may be fed into con gized by means of an electric Wire 92 to heat the face 40 62e in accordance `with hat-ironing requirements. It may also be appreciated from the aforesaid sectional views fronting relation With said hat iron for heating by the latter and for finishing a hat, said hat-finishing tool beingV removable such that said ironing face of hat iron may be employed for ironing said hat. 3. In a hat-íinishing machine, an operating head includ, 45 ironing operation to the greasing operation, the proximity ing a hat iron fixed to said operating head and having an of the hat-finishing tool 64 to the heated ironing face 62e ironing face, means for heating said hat iron, a hat-finish results in transmission of heat from the ironing face 62e ing tool including a removable support adapted to be posi through the pad 86 of hat-finishing tool 64 to the hat tioned in proximity to said ironing face of said hat iron working material M which is fed thereacross and which is in contact with the hat H. This is especially advan 50 and feeding means on said removable support, adapted to feed at least one hat-Working material across said hat tageous since, for the greasing operation, the material M ñnishing tooll in confronting relation to said ironing face employed is a strip of cloth impregnated with oleaginous of said hat iron, said feeding means including a pair of greasing materia-l, and the heat applied to the material M reels journaled on said support in spaced parallel rela is eífective to keep the oleaginous material in a liquid tion and adapted to be positioned at opposite sides of said state so that it flows better and is more effectively trans 55 ironing face of said hat iron, and slidable interengaging ferred to the hat I-I in accordance with the requirements that when the hat-‘inishing tool 64 is mounted over the hat iron 62 to convert the operating head 22 from the tongue and groove means on said hat iron and on said of the greasing operation. support cooperating to removably mount said hat-finish ing toolk on said hat iron in an operative position wherein hat-iinishing machine in accordance with this invention said hat-working material `may be fed into confronting may be readily employed with but minor modifications .for 60 relation with said hat iron for heating by the latter and pouncing, greasing, and ragging as well as for ironing for iinishing a hat, said hat-finishing tool being removable of a hat in accordance with conventional hat-manufactur such that said ironing face of hat iron may be employed ing practice. Advantageously, the hat-finishing tool of for ironing said hat. this invention is readily removable and replaceable upon the operating head and thus eliminates the need for 65 References Cited in the ñle of this patent It will now be appreciated that the operating head of a changing over to another operating head or switching to an entirely different machine when performing the afore said operations successively upon each hat in the course of ñnishing operations. In addition, the proximity of the hat-iinishing tool to the heating face of the hat iron is especially advantageous during >the greasing operation for applying heat to the hat-Working material so as to liquify the oleaginous mate UNITED STATES PATENTS 70 369,830 Wollworth ___________ __ Sept. 13, 1887 1,783,112 2,148,153 Eichenbaum __________ __ Nov. 25, 1930 Eichenbaurn _________ _- Feb. 21, 1939 2,615,600 Berger _g _____________ __ Oct. 28, 1952 McGinnis „ _______ M”- Mar._ 10, 1953 2,630,946 5.