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Патент USA US3028067

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April 3, 1962
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l. BUSCH ETAL
HAT-FINISHING MACHINE
3,028,057
Filed Oct. 8, 1959
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April 3, -1962
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3,028,05 7
HAT-FINISHING MACHINE
Filed OCt. 8, 1959
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United States
3,028,057
Patented Apr. 3, 1962
1
2
3,028,057
HAT-FINISHING MACHINE
Irving Busch, 232-04 131st Ave., Laurelton, N.Y., and
Nathaniel George Tucker, 92-1'7 68th Ave., Forest
FIG. S is a vertical cross-section of the operating head
and hat-finishing tool of FIG. 4 taken along the lines 5--5
thereof; and,
FIG. 6 is a horizontal cross-section of the operating
head and hat-finishing tool of FIG. 4 taken along the
lines 6-6 thereof.
Referring now specifically to the drawings, «FIG. 1
illustrates generally the operative portion of a hat-finish
Hills, N.Y.
Filed Oct. 8, 1959, Ser. No. 845,167
3 Claims. (Cl. 223-20)
The present invention relates generally to hat-manu
facturing equipment and in particular to a combined iron
ing machine of generally conventional construction, in
cluding a base 10 and a drive shaft 12 which is connected
in any Well-known manner to be driven by an instantly
reversible motor. A gear housing 14 transmits the motion
of drive shaft 12 to an arbor 16. The arbor 16 in turn
ing, pouncin'g, greasing and ragging machine for finishing
hats.
In the manufacture of hats it is customarily necessary
to perform a long series of separate finishing operations
upon the hat. These operations includ-e ironing of the
hat; pouncing, which is a type of polishing operation per
rotatably drives a chuck, generally designated by the ref
erence numeral 18 which is employed to mount a hat
block 20 `for rotation therewith. The hat which is to be
finished in the hat-ûnishing machine is mounted over the
hat block 20 and rotates therewith. Mounted opposite the
formed with an abrasive paper; greasing which involves
the application with or without heat of an oleaginous
substance to the hat; and ragging, or rubbing down the hat
hat block 20 and movable into operative relationship
with a piece of cloth. The pouncing, greasing and rag
ging are best performed with a vibrating hat-making 20 to the hat H is an operating head designated generally
2‘2. The operating head 22 is supported by a supporting
tool. In the past it has been necessary either to per
post 24 which in turn is mounted upon a traversing
form each of these operations by hand, to employ a sepa
mechanism designed to move the operating head 22 back
rate machine for each of the aforesaid distinct operations
and forth through a traversing movement relative to the
or to use a machine which required the cumbersome
25 hat H as the latter rotates.
changing of machine heads.
The traversing mechanism includes a gear wheel 26 ro
Accordingly, it is broadly an object of this present
tatably mounted on a frame 28 rising from the base 10
invention to provide a hat-finishing machine capable of
of the hat-making machine and driven by a worm gear
performing the various operations of ironing, pouncing,
greasing, and ragging. In particular, it is an object of this 30 30 on the arbor 16. The gear wheel 26 drives a recipro-.
cating crank movement, generally designated 32, which
invention to provide a hat-finishing machine which is
operates to reciprocate a slide bar 34 slidably mounted
capable of performing each of the aforesaid hat-finishing
in a pair of bearings 36 and 38. A traverse bar 40, upon
operations in turn by the use of one single machine with
which the supporting post 24 is mounted, is itself rotat-v
out the necessity of changing the working heads on the
ably mounted upon a shaft 42 which rises from the bear
machine.
35 ing 38 and has a rack-and-pinion connection to the re
In accordance with an illustrative embodiment demon
ciprocating slide bar 34 such that the shaft 42 is rotated
strating further objects, features, and advantages of
in alternating directions in response to reciprocation of
this invention, there is provided a hat-finishing machine
slide bar 34 to pivot the traverse bar 40, back and forth
having an operating head which includes a hat iron pro
jecting therefrom. A hat-making tool is also provided,
through an arc which is effective to move the operating
.
40 head 22 through its traverse motion.
there being means on the hat iron and the hat-finishing
tool which cooperate to removably and replaceably mount
the hat-finishing tool on the hat iron. The hat iron has
a forwardly directed ironing face which contacts the hat
during the ironing operation and which is heated in ac 45
For further movement thereof, the operating head 22
is pivotally mounted upon >the supporting post 24 by
means of a pivot assembly including a ñrst link 44 which
is pivotally mounted on supporting post 24, a second
link 46 which is mounted at the free end of first link 44
cordance with ironing requirements. The hat-finishing
in pivotal relationship thereto and which supports the op
tool when mounted upon the hat iron covers over the
erating head 22, and a third link 48 which is rigidly se
heated ironing face of the hat iron so as to present to the
cured to the `iirst link 44 and is formed with a spring
hat a diiîerent type of operating surface in accordance
with the differing requirements ofthe pouncing, greasing, 50 engaging hook 48a. A spring 50 is secured to hook 48a
and is secured to the second link 46 to bias the second
or ragging operations. Further, during the greasing op
link and the operating head 22 mounted thereon for piv
eration the proximity of the hat-finishing tool to the heat
otal movement toward the hat H. A further degree of
ed ironing face of the iron provides a convenient method
motion is provided by a shaft 52 which extends verti
of keeping the oleaginous material which is applied to the
hat during the greasing operation in a molten state so as 55 cally through the operating head 22 between a bracket 54
and a base post 56 to mount the operating head 22 for
to be more readily transferable to the hat.
pivotal movement relative to the second link 46.
The foregoing brief summary, as well as additional
In accordance with the present invention, the operat
features, objects, and advantages of this invention may
ing head 22 includes a housing 60 within which is mounted
best tbe appreciated iby reference to the yfollowing de
tailed description of an illustrative embodiment thereof, 60 a vibrator of any well known design, and a hat iron 62
taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings,
wherein:
PIG. 1 is an elevational view of the operative portion
of a hat-making machine in accordance with the present
invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective View of the operating head of
the hat-finishing machine of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view o-f the vibrator and hat
iron of the operating head of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a similar perspective view of the vibrator
and the electric iron of FIG. 3 with the hat-finishing tool
mounted in place upon the hat iron;
which projects forwardly from the housing 60. When
the operating head 22 in accordance with this invention is
to be used for the ironing operation, it is in the condition
illustrated in FIG. 3, with the hat iron 62 fully exposed.
65 Making use of the various degrees of motion provided by
the above-described operating head 22, the operating
head is moved toward the hat H as the latter rotates and
a forwardly-directed heated ironing face 62C of the hat
iron 62 is brought into ironing contact therewith and is
subsequently traversed thereacross.
When it is desired to convert the operatingV head 22 to
the pouncing, greasing, or ragging operations, a hat-ñn
3,028,057
3
ishing tool 64 is mounted in place over the hat iron 62
by means of opposed tongues 64m which slide into en
gagement with grooves 62a formed in the opposed side
faces of the hat iron 62. Tapered holes 62h may be pro
vided on one or both of the opposed faces of the hat iron
which cooperate with locking screws 66 which pass
through apertures in the side wall of the hat-finishing tool
64 adapted to thread into the tapped holes 62h to lock
the hat-finishing tool 64 in place on the hat iron 62. The
hat-finishing tool 64, when thus mounted in place over l0
the hat iron 62 is in direct mechanical contact with the
vibrator and covers over the ironing face 62C so as to
present a different type of working or finishing tace to the
hat H when the operating head 22 is brought into opera
tive relationship thereto. Speciiically, the type operat
ing face depends upon what kind of hat-working or hat
tinishing material is mounted upon the hat-ñnishing tool
¿i
rial with which the latter is impregnated and thus achieve
a more effective application thereof to the hat.
The particulars of the foregoing description are pro
vided merely for purposes of illustration and are subject
to a considerable latitude of modiiication without depart
ing from the novel teachings disclosed herein. Accord-`
ingly, the scope of this invention is intended to be limited
only as defined in the appended claims, which should be
accorded a breadth of interpretation consistent with this
specification.
What we claim is:
1. In a hat-finishing machine, an operating head includ
ing a hat iron ñxed to said operating head and having an
ironing face, means for heating said hat iron, a hat-finish
ing tool including a removable support adapted to be posi
tioned in proximity to said ironing face of said hat iron
and feeding means on said removable support adapted
to feed at least one hat-working material across said hat
64, this material being variously selected in accordance
ñnishing tool in confronting relation to said ironing face
with the requirements of the pouncing, greasing or ragging
of said hat iron, and slidable interengaging means -on said
20
operation then in progress. In each case, however, the
hat iron and on said support cooperating to removably
hat-working material consists of a strip M wound upon
a supply reel 68 rotatably mounted on an axle pin 69 ex
mount said hat-finishing tool on said hat iron in an opera
tive position wherein said hat-Working material may be
fed into confronting relation with said hat iron for heat
72 of the tool 64, and is reeled across the tool 64 under
ing by the latter and for finishing a hat, said hat-finishing
neath guide bars 74 and 76 and is wound up again after 25 tool being removable such that said ironing `face of hat
use on a take-up reel 78 rotatably mounted on an axle
iron may be employed for ironing said hat.
pin ‘79 extending between downwardly projecting spaced
2. In a hat-finishing machine, an operating head ín
arms 80 and 82. A take-up reel knob 84 is secured to
cluding a hat iron fixed to said operating head and having
axle pin 79 for rotating the take-up reel 78 to wind the
an ironing face, means for heating said hat iron, a hat
hat-working material M thereon. The arms 70, 72 and 30 finishing tool including a removable support adapted to
80, 82 all curve backwardly to keep the hat-working ma
be positioned in proximity to said ironing face of said
terial M tensed across the Working pad 86 of the hat
hat iron and feeding means on said removable support
iinishing tool 64. Thus, with the hat-ñnishing tool 64 is
adapted to feed at least one hat-working material across
connected to the hat iron 62 the hat-fmishing tool 64 may
said hat-iinishing tool in confronting relation to said iron
35
be vibrated by the vibrator in housing 60 for the most
tending between upwardly projecting spaced arms 7 0 and
eñicient pouncing, greasing and ragging.
ing face of said hat iron, and slidable interengaging tongue
and groove means on said hat iron and said support re
The sectional views of FIG. 5 and 6 serve best to illus
spectively and cooperating to removably mount said hat
tra-te the heating ele-ment 90 which is mounted behind the
ñnishing tool on said hat iron in an operative position
ironing face 62C of the hat iron 62 and which is ener
wherein said hat-Working material may be fed into con
gized by means of an electric Wire 92 to heat the face 40
62e in accordance `with hat-ironing requirements. It may
also be appreciated from the aforesaid sectional views
fronting relation With said hat iron for heating by the
latter and for finishing a hat, said hat-finishing tool beingV
removable such that said ironing face of hat iron may be
employed for ironing said hat.
3. In a hat-íinishing machine, an operating head includ,
45
ironing operation to the greasing operation, the proximity
ing
a hat iron fixed to said operating head and having an
of the hat-finishing tool 64 to the heated ironing face 62e
ironing face, means for heating said hat iron, a hat-finish
results in transmission of heat from the ironing face 62e
ing tool including a removable support adapted to be posi
through the pad 86 of hat-finishing tool 64 to the hat
tioned
in proximity to said ironing face of said hat iron
working material M which is fed thereacross and which
is in contact with the hat H. This is especially advan 50 and feeding means on said removable support, adapted to
feed at least one hat-Working material across said hat
tageous since, for the greasing operation, the material M
ñnishing tooll in confronting relation to said ironing face
employed is a strip of cloth impregnated with oleaginous
of said hat iron, said feeding means including a pair of
greasing materia-l, and the heat applied to the material M
reels journaled on said support in spaced parallel rela
is eífective to keep the oleaginous material in a liquid
tion and adapted to be positioned at opposite sides of said
state so that it flows better and is more effectively trans 55
ironing face of said hat iron, and slidable interengaging
ferred to the hat I-I in accordance with the requirements
that when the hat-‘inishing tool 64 is mounted over the
hat iron 62 to convert the operating head 22 from the
tongue and groove means on said hat iron and on said
of the greasing operation.
support cooperating to removably mount said hat-finish
ing toolk on said hat iron in an operative position wherein
hat-iinishing machine in accordance with this invention
said hat-working material `may be fed into confronting
may be readily employed with but minor modifications .for 60 relation with said hat iron for heating by the latter and
pouncing, greasing, and ragging as well as for ironing
for iinishing a hat, said hat-finishing tool being removable
of a hat in accordance with conventional hat-manufactur
such that said ironing face of hat iron may be employed
ing practice. Advantageously, the hat-finishing tool of
for
ironing said hat.
this invention is readily removable and replaceable upon
the operating head and thus eliminates the need for 65
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
It will now be appreciated that the operating head of a
changing over to another operating head or switching to
an entirely different machine when performing the afore
said operations successively upon each hat in the course
of ñnishing operations.
In addition, the proximity of the hat-iinishing tool to
the heating face of the hat iron is especially advantageous
during >the greasing operation for applying heat to the
hat-Working material so as to liquify the oleaginous mate
UNITED STATES PATENTS
70
369,830
Wollworth ___________ __ Sept. 13, 1887
1,783,112
2,148,153
Eichenbaum __________ __ Nov. 25, 1930
Eichenbaurn _________ _- Feb. 21, 1939
2,615,600
Berger _g _____________ __ Oct. 28, 1952
McGinnis „ _______ M”- Mar._ 10, 1953
2,630,946
5.
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