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Патент USA US3028068

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April 3, 1962
M. A. WOLF
3,028,058
MANIKIN
Filed June 22, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR.
Mme/.5 4. W04;
April 3, 1962
M. A. WOLF
3,028,058
MANIKIN
Filed June 22, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
J650/726 .5
Tic
3,028,058
Patented Apr. 3, 1962
2
3,028,058
Morris A. Wolf, 1545 N. Laurel Ave, Los Angeles, Calif.
MANIKIN
Filed June 22, 1959, Ser. No. 821,951
6 Claims. (Cl. 223-68)
The present invention relates generally to clothes dis
play manikins, and more particularly to manikins adapted
More particularly, the torso 22 has a con?guration con
forming to a suit form of a given size as, for example, a
man’s size 40. The opposite sides of the torso 22 are
relieved, as indicated by the numerals 32, to provide re
cesses or sockets 32 overhung by the manikin’s shoulders
and within which the upper end of an articulated arm
assembly 28 is swivelly seated. Referring now to FIG
URE 1 wherein a suit coat 34 is on the manikin 20, it
will be observed that there are no unnatural shoulder
An object of my invention is to provide an improved 10 gathers and no tugging is observable on the suit coat, due
to naturally display clothing frOm any angle.
manikin for the display of clothing, and especially for
displaying clothing in substantially the same con?gura
to the utilization of the overhang projecting beyond
shoulder sockets 32. It will be understood that the suit
tion the clothing will assume on the body of a wearer, with
coat 34 is of ‘a size conforming to the size of the torso
particular reference to the appearance of an article of
22 and, since the torso 22 is a replica of a suit form, the
clothing at the shoulders.
15 suit coat 34 will hang naturally on the torso. This is
Another object of the invention is to provide a manikin
particularly important in avoiding the necessity of pin
particularly adapted for the effective display of trousers
ning up the back of the suit coat so that the draped model
and having a con?guration which will support a trouser
can be placed on a turntable and revolved to effectively
crease without wrinkling for as long as the clothing is on
vand attractively display the clothing from any angle.
the manikin.
I have observed that conventional manikins with de
The invention also has for an object the provision of
tachable or adjustable heads have an unsightly line or
detachable base members for a truncated manikin that
aperture where the lower end of the head is mounted on
are provided with means for maintaining the creases of
the neck or torso of the manikin. When the manikin is
a pair of pants.
'
used for the display of dress shirts or the like, this part
Yet another object of my invention is to- provide a 25 ing line is visible above the upper edge of the collar and
manikin that is usable throughout all seasons of the year
greatly detracts from the display. It will be noted in
for the display of sports or ‘more formal clothing, ap
FIGURE 1 that with my manikin, although the head 26
propriate to the season, by selective utilization of a pair
is both angularly adjustable and detachable, no such
of a leg-supporting members that are detachably mounted
parting line is visible above the upper edge of a dress
on the manikin.
shirt 36 worn by the manikin 20.
A still further object of the invention is the provision
This natural appearance of the manikin is achieved
of pants-shaping means for a truncated manikin made
by a construction such as is best seen in FIGURE 6. It
of a material penetrable by fastening pins in order to
will be observed that the torso 22 ‘at its upper end is
contain within hollow legs of the manikin the lower-end
formed with a cavity 40 of generally circular cross-sec
portions of the trousers being displayed.
' tional con?guration adapted for a close-sliding ?t with
These and other objects and advantages of my inven
a neck '42 of the head 26. A planar floor 44 is provided
tion will be apparentrfrom the following description when
to de?ne the bottom of the cavity 40 and centrally sup
taken in conjunction with the annexed drawings in which:
ports a plug 46 adapted for slidable mating reception
FIGURE 1 is a three-quarter front perspective view
within a substantially centrally located cylindrical aper
of one form of manikin embodying my invention, and 49 ture 48 formed in the bottom end of the neck 42. In
particularly illustrating the improved manner in which
FIGURE 7 the neck 42 is shown in place within the
clothing, in this instance a man’s suit, is displayed by
cavity 40 and it will be observed that the upper edge of
the manikin;
the collar of the shirt 36 is disposed well above the inter
FIGURE 2 is a three-quarter front perspective view
section of the neck with the torso 22, thus providing the
of the manikin of FIGURE 1 with the clothing removed; 45 unblemished appearance of the manikin seen in FIG
FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view taken on the line
URE 1.
3-3 of FIGURE 1;
A very realistic appearance is imparted to the head 26
FIGURE 4 is a view of the area 4 of FIGURE 3;
by the use of hair-simulating laminations of cloth 52, a
FIGURE 5 is a bottom end view of one of the legs of
suitable number of pieces of which are shaped and ar
the manikin of FIGURE 2 in the direction of the arrow 5; 50 ranged on top of the head. The pieces of cloth 52 are
FIGURE 6 is a partial perspective view of the upper
irregularly arranged to create furrows such as would be
portion of the torso of the manikin and particularly il
left by a comb and adhesively secured to the head 26 by
lustrating a recessed support means for a manikin head;
FIGURE 7 is a partial front elevation view of the
a suitable plastic adhesive with which the cloth 52 may
be impregnated. The effect achieved by this construc
55 tion is far more effective than the conventional utiliza
manikin of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 8 is a three-quarter front perspective view
tion of sculptured integral portions of the head to which
of another embodiment of the manikin of my invention
a coat of paint is applied.
that is particularly adapted for use throughout the year;
Manikins with truncated legs are frequently used for
FIGURE 9 is a partial sectional view taken along the
the display of men’s suits, the trouser legs customarily be
60 ing reversely folded back into the hollow legs of the mani
line 9—9 of FIGURE 8; and
kin or, alternatively, draped over the edge of a platform
FIGURE 10 is a partial vertical sectional view taken
on which the manikin is placed. For the most effective
along the line 10-10 of FIGURE 8.
display of the clothing it is essential that the crease of the
Referring now to FIGURE 2 of the drawings, there is
shown a male manikin of hollow construction, designated 65 trouser legs be preserved, but with conventional mani
kins this has been quite troublesome to window dressers,
generally by the numeral 20, and which may be made of
who customarily utilize paper packing or other materials
plastic-impregnated fabric or other suitable material.
This manikin includes a torso 22 supported by a truncated
in an effort to maintain the trouser-leg creases. This has
involved a disproportionate amount of time and eifort,
pair of legs 24 and surmounted ‘by a sculptured head 26.
which is completely eliminated with my improved mani
On opposite sides the torso mounts a pair of articulated 70 kin.
arms 28, of conventional construction, whose extremities
In order to assure a neat appearance of a pair of trou
bear removable and adjustable hands 30.
sers 58 on the manikin 20, the manikin legs 24 are of
3,028,058
somewhat ovoid cross-sectional con?guration rather than
being sculptured to conform. to the natural con?guration
of the human leg. This is best seen from FIGURE 5,
showing the con?guration of the bottom end of the leg
24, which. is substantially typical of the cross section of
the leg throughout its length. The tubular leg has a minor
axis substantially equivalent to the corresponding dimen
sion of a human leg, but has a major axis substantially
of inwardly extending metal tabs 84 are aliixed thereto.
Each of the manikin legs 64- at its lower end encases a
foundation ring 86 built up of plaster within the material
of the manikin and each of the rings 36 also has embedded
therein a pair of inwardly extending tabs 33. The tabs
84 and tabs 38 are formed with aligned bores and each
of the tabs 88 is adapted to threadedly receive a fastener
96 which is inserted upwardly through one of the base
tabs $4,. With this arrangement each of the bases 32
exceeding the corresponding dimension of a leg and sub
is a?ixcd to the lower end of a manikin leg 64- in a rela
10
stantially matingly equivalent to the spacing between the
tionship to the leg such as is illustrated on the right let’.
front and rear vertical creases of the trousers 53 when
worn by a person, although this dimension may be slightly
64!- as viewed in FIGURE 8.
Each of the balsa bases 82 has diametrically opposite
apices 54' analogous to the apices 54 of the manikin 2d
Referring to FIGURE 2, it will be seen that each leg 24
of FIGURE 2. During the spring and summer selling
at both its rear and front portions is formed with a verti 15 seasons the manikin 60‘ is employed without the bases 82
cally extending peak, crown or apex 54 adapted to nest
for the display of swim or sportswear. In the fall and
smaller so as to allow the trousers to hang more freely.
within the trouser creases to support them against distor
tion when the lower ends of the trouser legs are reversely
folded into the manikin legs 24 (see FIGURE 3).
winter seasons the same manikin 60 can be employed for
the display of somewhat more formal but still casual
clothing, including slacks, by mounting the bases 82 to
In order to avoid damage to the trousers 58 by the 20
fasteners, usually pins, employed in fastening the trousers
to the manikin legs, each leg 24 in its lower end, and en
cased within the material of the manikin, has an ovoid
ring 54, of the same con?guration as the manikin leg,
made of a material adapted for ready penetration by a
pin 56 or the like, such as balsa wood. Due to the
nature of the material of the ring 54, the pins 56 can
the lower ends of the legs 64‘.
Thus, as is shown in
FIGURE 10, a pair of slacks indicated in phantom line
at 92 can be placed on the manikin 60 with the creases
registering with apices 54' of the bases 82. The creases
of the slacks 92 are thus held in the desired shape and
against folding, and the lower ends of the slacks legs are
folded reversely and upwardly into the hollow legs 64
of the manikin. If desired, suitable fasteners can be em
very easily be inserted and withdrawn and the possibility
ployed to hold the slacks legs in place on the bases 82-.
of damage to the fabric of the trousers 58 is thereby
It will be appreciated that the individual features of
30
avoided.
each of the manikins 20 and 60 may be used with either
In FIGURE 8 there is shown another form of manikin,
of the manikins or that some of these individual features
indicated generally by the numeral 60, of a type that is
may be employed as adaptations of previously existing
equally well adapted for the display of either sports
manikin con?gurations. While I have shown a plurality
clothing or more formal clothing. The manikin 6%, un
of embodiments of my invention herein, it is to be under
like the manikin 20, has a torso 62 supported by a pair 35 stood that I do not mean to be limited to the particular
of truncated legs 64, all of which are sculptured in the
details of construction illustrated and described but only
sense that they conform as closely as possible to the
as limited by the following claims.
human form rather than to a suit form, as in the case of
I claim:
the torso 22 in the manikin Ed. The manikin 6i}, like the
1. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the
manikin 20, is preferably made of a plastic-coated fabric
improvement comprising: a torso on a pair of truncated
material but, unlike the manikin 20, is armless and has
legs, at least the lower end portions of said legs being
an integrally formed sculptured neck 66 surmounted by
hollow whereby the lower ends of a pair of trouser legs
a cover plate 68, having a peripheral downwardly extend
to be worn by said manikin can be reversely folded into
ing ?ange overhanging the neck. A stud bolt 70 is cen
and within said manikin legs to be concealed therein,
trally atlixed in the upper end of the neck 66 to extend 45 the lower portions of said manikin legs being adapted for
through a bore in the plate 68 and through a bore of a
cap 72 which is held in place on the plate 68 by a some
what spherical nnt 74. It will be observed that the cap
penetration by a fastener means to hold said trouser legs
in place, said truncated legs being generally ovoid in
horizontal cross-sectional con?guration with vertically ex
72 is also formed with a peripheral downwardly extend
tending front and rear apices at opposite ends of the ma
ing ?ange 72a serving to space the body of the cap up 50 jor axis of said ovoid con?guration of said legs, said
wardly above the cover plate 68.
apices of said legs being disposed to receive the creases
When the manikin 6t? is employed without a shirt a
of said trouser legs thereon.
drapery cloth may be inserted under the cap 72 in the
2. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the
manner illustrated in FIGURE 9. For this purpose the
improvement comprising: at least a portion of a torso
nut 74 is removed to permit removal of the cap 72, after 55 having hip and waist simulating portions above and on
which the upper ends of a drape material 76 can be placed
a pair of legs, each of said legs having vertically disposed
on top of the cover plate 68. The cap '72 is then replaced
means de?ning a cross-sectional con?guration matingly
on the bolt 7% and secured in place with the nut '74. The
complementary to the cross-sectional con?guration of a
manikin 60 can then be used for the display of a sports
creased trouser leg and adapted for coaction with the
coat or the like placed over the manikin 60 as clothed 60 legs of a pair of trousers to be worn by said manikin to
by the drape 76.
maintain the creases of said trousers in a creased condi
Due to its sculptured form, the manikin 66 is particu-_
tion.
larly well adapted for the display of sports clothing, such
3. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the
as swimming trunks 80 (see FIGURE 8), or for other
improvement comprising: hip and waist simulating por
articles of clothing as, for example, a heach-and-pool 65 tions of a torso on a pair of legs that extend downwardly
wardrobe. However, in accordance with my invention
beyond said hip and waist simulating portions, each of
the manikin 6d and, in fact, almost any conventional
said legs throughout a vertically extending portion there
manikin can be adapted for the display of more formal
of having a cross-sectional con?guration that is matingly
clothing and particularly trousers.
complementary to the cross-sectional con?guration of the
For this purpose I have provided a pair of detachable
leg bases, each designated generally by the numeral 82.
Each of the bases 82 comprises a generally ovoid ring of
balsa wood or like material of substantially the same con
leg of a pair of trousers of an appropriate size to be worn
by said manikin and adapted for coaction with said
trouser legs to maintain the creases of said trouser legs
against displacement out of the con?guration assumed by
?guration as is shown in FIGURE 5. At diametrically
opposite points on the minor axis of the base 82 a pair 75 said trouser legs as suspended from said manikin.
3,028,058
4. In a manikin for displaying trousers, the improve
ment comprising: at least a portion of a torso having hip
and waist simulating portions above and on a pair of
legs, both of said legs having front and rear vertically
disposed and arranged means to interiorly engage front
and rear creases of the legs of a pair of trousers of an
appropriate size for said manikin, to maintain the creases
of said trouser legs.
6
shoulder sockets, said arms occupying a volume less than
the volume of a normal arm con?guration.
6. A supporting base member for attachment to the
leg of a manikin comprising a generally ovoid ring of
material having major and minor axes, said ring at op
posite ends of its major axis having its periphery formed
with apices to interiorly engage the ‘front and rear creases
of a leg of trousers to be Worn by said manikin, and
5. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the
means on said ring to secure said ring to the leg of a
improvement comprising: a torso on a pair of legs, said 10 manikin with said apices disposed to interiorly engage
legs being generally ovoid in horizontal cross-sectional
the creases of trousers to be worn by the manikin.
con?guration and having vertically extending front and
rear apices integrally formed in said legs to interiorly
engage front and rear creases of the legs of a pair of
trousers of an appropriate size to be worn ‘by said mani 15
kin to maintain the creases of said trouser legs, said torso,
above the waist, having the con?guration of a standard
suit form, the shoulders of said torso being formed with
opposite outwardly opening enlarged sockets overhung
by the shoulders of said suit form, the edges of said 20
shoulders of said suit form having a spacing correspond
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
130,068
2,329,006
2,534,757
2,632,586
Parent ______________ __ July 30, 1872
Sieve‘ ________________ _._ Sept. 7, 1943
Cordell et a1. ________ __ Dec. 19, 1950
Barrango ____________ __ Mar. 24, 1953
609,437
France ______________ __ Jan. 3, 1928
FOREIGN PATENTS
640,682
France ______________ __ Apr. 3, 1928
ing to the spacing between shoulder seams of a suit coat
of appropriate size to be worn by said torso and being
OTHER REFERENCES
receivable in said shoulder seams, said torso also sup 25
Darling
Displays,
Catalog 275, March 20, 1953, pages
porting a pair of arms swivelly connected within said
15, 16 and 20.
-4;
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