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Патент USA US3028162

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April 3, 1962
R. W. CRANNELL
3,028,148
HIGHWAY RAILING
Filed Feb. 27, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
/Q/CHA /20 W. CRAN/veu.
A TTOÑNEY.
April 3, 1962
3,028,148
R. W. CRANNELL
HIGHWAY RAILING
Filed Feb. 2'?, 1958
2'sheets-sheet 2
ù/ E) ‘G/
INVENTOR
/Q/cf/îâp W C/QA NA/ELL
WW2
A TTOÑ/VEX
United States Patent Office
3,028,148
Patented Apr. 3, 1962
1
2
3,028,148
the railing of the invention is applicable to any position on
a highway where railing is desi-red.
HIGHWAY RAILING
°
The railing as shown in the accompanying drawing also
includes a pair of parallel horizontal rails. This showing
Richard W. Crannell, Easton, Pa., assignor to Lehigh
Inc., Easton, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania
is likewise for illustrative and not limiting purposes, since
the rail and provision for mounting the same could be
single, be double, as shown in the accompanying drawing,
or be further multiplied if desired.
Filed Feb. 27, 1958, Ser. No. 718,093
11 Claims. (Cl. 256-13.1)
This invention relates to highway railing construction
and is particularly concerned with such railing construc
Referring to the drawing in detail, the railing shown is
tion wherein the rails themselves present a smooth unin 10 made up of horizontal rails, generally indicated at 1, and
2, end posts 3 and 4, and intermediate posts 5 and 6.
terrupted contacting surface to any vehicle or other object
Splice joints between rail sections are illustrated by the
that might come into contact therewith.
lines 7, 8 and 9.
Accordingly, the invention has as one of its principal
The end posts 3 and 4 would normally be identical, save
objects the provision of highway railing including rails
presenting smooth continuous face surfaces devoid of 15 that they are reversed from right to left hand and they
transverse obstructions which could engage an object _
would normally be formed with suitable receiving sockets
10 and L1 for the reception of the ends of the rails 1 and 2.
This can be simply done in a number of ways. It forms
no particular feature of the instant invention so that there
and effective means for positioning and holding such rails.
Still another object is to provide suitable supporting 20 is no necessity of detailing it any further. It need merely
sliding along such surfaces.
Another object is to provide railing including simple
be appreciated that these end posts are sufficiently rugged
and suitably formed and mounted to withstand traffic
shocks and hold the end of the rails securely in place.
A further object is to provide for the effective mounting
Another feature to be appreciated is that, depending on
of rails on posts without any obtrusive fastening means.
A more specific object is to provide such rails capable 25 the direction in which the railing is being laid, the end
post at the commencement end will first be located and
of being expanded to lock them in place in a receiving
the beginning ends of the rails will be seated therein.
groove in a mounting post in combination with means
Then as the desired end of the railing is reached, the end
receivable by the post for effecting such an expansion.
post at the opposite end will be positioned with the pro
Further and more detailed objects of the invention will
in part be obvious and in part be pointed out as the 30 jecting ends of the rail members seated in its sockets as
the finishing step.
description of the‘invention, taken in conjunction with
Considering now the construction of the rail itself, the
the accompanying drawing, proceeds.
rails 1 and 2 are generally identical, other than the posi
In that drawing:
tion of their splice joints and any additional rails employed
-FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a railing installation in
and mounting posts for such rails and for carrying the
holding means therefor.
accordance with the invention.
35 in a railing installation would be similarly identical so that
ì
FIG. 2 is a front elevation thereof.
FIG. 3 is a rear elevation partly broken away of frag
the description of the rail 1 about to be given is applicable
to all of them.
i
Referring then to FIGS. 3 and 4, it will be seen that the
rail 1 is rolled out of sheet metal with steel being presently
FIG. 4 is a vertical section taken on line 4-~4 of FIG. 3 40 preferred. The rail is of box type in cross section having
ments of rail in accordance with the invention showing
the manner of joining them together.
a front i12, sides-13 and 14 and a rear portion made up of
and looking in the direction of the arrows.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged front elevation of an intermediate
flanges 15 and 16 terminating in spaced edge faces 17 and
for a rail with a portion of a rail therein and held in place Y
has another part extending outwardly for reception in the
18 to leave an open slot 19 all the way along the length
post in accordance with the invention showing fragments
of the roll. Such rail members can be readily rolled from
of two rails mounted thereon.
FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the post and rail fragments 45 sheet steel in substantial lengths, such as 12. and 16 feet.
Each length of rail is preferably provided with a short
of FIG. 5 with a portion of the post broken away and
channel section seating within it at one end thereof and
shown in section to-illustrate the holding means for the
welded thereto in order to enable the formation of a
rails.
'
splice joint. This channel section, as shown in FIGS. 3
FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional perspective
view of a part of a post including the receiving channel 50 and 4, is secured partly in one of the rail sections and
end of the next rail section. The channel section has
by the holding means of the invention.
sides 20 and 21 lying within and against the sides 13 and
FIG. 8 is a View similar to FIG. 6 showing the presently
14 of the rail and an end 22 lying within and along the
preferred form of holding means.
FIG. 9 is a side elevation of the preferred holding 55 front i12 thereof. It is welded at 23 to the end of the
one rail section, or is otherwise suitably secured thereto.
means per se; and
Thus the next rail section can be slid over the protrud
FIG. 10 is a plan view thereof.
ing end and, save for any weld material present, can be
This application is a continuation in part of my applica
tion Serial No. 668,134, filed lune 26, 1957, for Highway 60 abutted against the end of the one rail section. Though
a small gap is shown at the joint 7 in FIG. 3, its width is
Railing, now abandoned.
exaggerated here for the purpose of showing the weld.
The railing of the invention can generally be considered
The essential thing is that there is nothing protruding out
to be made up of rail sections, end posts and intermediate
beyond the face surface 24 of the front 12 of the rail in
posts for supporting such rail sections. The rail sections
a manner to catch anything sliding along it to interrupt
are normally furnished with channel sections welded in 65 the sliding action, possibly turning it int-o a spinning
one end of each in order to enable the joining of the sec
tions together to make up the desired length of rail.
In the accompanying drawing, a railing installation in
accordance with the invention is shown as being mounted
one.
It is further to be noted that the slot 19 is substan`
tially continuous from one rail section to the next one
joined thereto. The rear portion of the rail is capable of
on a continuous concrete footing, such as wouldv normally 70 being spread by a suitable member introduced into the
This
slot 9, whether that member be positioned along the rail
showing, however, is merely for illustrative purposes, since
alone, or where adjacentv rail sections are brought to
be found on the parapet wall of a highway bridge.
3,028,148
3
gether with a channel section therein for the making of
a joint.
An intermediate post for-supporting and retaining the
’rails and the manner in which it does so is best shown in
FÍGS. 5 and 6. Two identical intermediate posts 5 and
6 are shown in FIGS. il and 2, but it is, of course, to be
understood that a suitable number of them suitably
4
of the sides 13 and lidi» will tightly engage the inner sur
faces of the pockets sides 31 and 32 and hold the rail
tightly in place in the pocket.
ln the preferred form of post and holding means shown
in FÄGS. 8-10, the post 5G is generally the same as the
post S previously described. The post SiiI is pro-vided
with a rail receiving pocket generally indicated at 51
spaced would be employed, depending on total length
of the railing needed. All these posts being identical,
and, like the pockets of FIGS. 5, 6, and 7, extends as a
vertically spaced at.29 and'30.
yThe securing member for holding therrail in place in
the post’poeket here is somewhat simplified over the form
of FIGS. '6 and 7. A vsimple .bolt like' member having a
cylindrical shank 60 is threaded .at -its‘inner end 61 for
transverse slot across the width of the post flange. The
only one of them need be described in detail. For this 10 pocket Sl has an upper Áwall member 52, a lower wall
member 53 and a base member 54 which provides a base
purpose,-post 5, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, has been
surface 55 interrupted by the opening S6.
selected.
The pocket wall member 52 provides an upper surface
The intermediate posts are maleable iron cmtings hav
57 for the pocket while the wall member 53 provides va
ing a center web '25 with base members 26 extending out
lower surface 58 therefor. It is _to be noted that these
from. either side of the bottom thereof. These base mem
surfaces 57 and 53 diverge slightly vin .their outward ex
‘bers receive suitable hold down bolts 27 so that the
tent. The spacing of the respective side walls 13` and 14
posts can be suitably bolted down onto `a concrete'footing,
of the box like rail member lifrom ‘the walls'57 and
a steel bridge member, or such other suitable base as is
58' at the inner end of those Wallsis small but increases
provided. The web 25 ' is suitably bordered by a later
ally extending .iiange 28 which is interrupted at the posi 20 as the=walls 57v and 58 diverge. ‘This'facilitates assembly
of the rails with the supporting posts and also enhances
tions where the rails are secured tothe posts. These
the self adjustment of one Iwith respect to the other.
positions for the two rail construction here illustrated are
Again, save for their locations on the post, the rail
retaining constructionsare identical. Thus only the upper
_ one, 30, as shown in FIG. 6, and in enlarged `detail in
the reception of a nut 62 and washer 63. At its outer
end the shank 60 of the bolt member is reduced down to
a diametrical web portion 64 of rectangular cross section
from the- outwardly facingside thereof. This pocket
preferably extends as a transverse slot having the width of 30 which extends out fora shortdistance and then ñares out
wardly intora Wedge portion 65 whose smaller end 66
' the flange 28 and having bottom and top sides 31 and 3-2
joins‘upA with the web port-ion 64.
extending well into the post. The base of the slot is
FIG. 7,.needs to be described.
in the first place, a pocket is formed into the post
largely open between inwardly extending shoulders 33
and 34, and the depth of the slot from its outer end 3S
tothe “shoulders 33 and-34 yis sufficiently. less .than the
length ofthe sides 13 and'14 of the rail, 1, to enable that
railrto extend-»well out ofathe slot Vso that its front 12
with engaging face~24»is positioned wel-l out from the
The shank 60>fof the securing member is received in
the opening, or bore 56, with the wedge portion seated
in the slot 19 of the rail. The rear surface of the post
is provided with anienlarged opening «67 to receive the
nut 62 and washer 63.
The washer 63 engages the
shoulder 68~bordering the opening 56. Thus one merely
needs tighten the nut 62 to pull the wedge 65 to the left
post.
as viewed in FIG. 8 so as to draw .the rail 1 into the
A chamber 36 extends rearwardly from the shoulders 40 pocket
51 and then spread the side walls 13 and 14 to
33 and 34 to a restricted bore 37 in back of which an
enlargedopening 38 extends to and opens outwardly at
the back-of the post.
This receiving and retaining provision incorporated in
hold the rail tightly in place in the pocket. In other re
spects the manipulation of these members is as previously
described.
already indicated, the rail retaining constructions
thepost as just described serves for the mounting of part 45 justAsdescribed
are identical for each and every position
ofthe securing'means for securingvthe rail in place in
where a rail is held to an intermediate post in the form
the pocket provided therefor. The principal part of the
ing of the railing. This is true‘though the angularity
securing means is an elongated wedge member 4t) joined
of the mounting of parallel rails may vary from one to
at its smaller end 41' by a web 41a to a threaded socket
another when the posts are formed to retain a greater
>member' 42. This wedge member is so formed and di“ 50 number of rails Vthanthe two here shown. Obviously,
mensioned that the smaller end -il thereof as well as the
the spreading of the rear of the rail by suitable wedging
web 41a can be slidably seated in the slot 19 in the
means as here shown provides a strong effective lock
‘rail from one end thereof. The wedge member can
ing of the rail to the post. Since each raily is locked to
thus be slid along that slot until it reaches the position
each intermediate post in such manner, each looking helps
> of the supporting post to which the rail is to be secured. 55 to reinforce the other against disruption in the event of a
ì The rail is then seated in the pocket 39 in the post with
vehicle coming into contact with the railing.
' the socket member 42; positioned in the chamber 36 in
Though particular wedge and tightening constructions
back of that pocket. This having been done, a suitable
have been shown in the accompanying drawing and de
scribed in the foregoing and though these are the initially
end engaged with the threads in the member 42. This 60 preferred instrumentalities for this purpose, it is of course
vbolt, preferably of the Allen head type, is then tightened
to be understood that any suitable spreading means could
up by the application of the appropriate wrench through
be employed without departing from the spirit or scope
the opening 38 into Vthe socket in the bolt head. Inas
of the invention. Furthermore, any means employed
much as either the head of the bolt 43 or a suitable washer
for holding the rail in the pockets on the posts and
44 -carried by the bolt will come into engagement with 65 any post formation for supporting the rail must be such as
" bolt 43 is inserted through the bore 37 with its threaded
the' shoulder 45y at the outer end of the bore 37 , tightening
to lie well back of the front yface of the rail so as not
of the bolt 43 will pull the socket member 42 to the right
to interrupt the smooth contour surface along the rail
as viewed in FIG. `6. This will cause the wedge member
front and from one section of the rail to the next. By
40 to be pulled to the right as viewed in FlG. 6'. Since
presenting this smooth continuous surface, the railing of
the wedge member 40 is seated in the slot 19` but widens 70 the invention not only serves to guard against vehicles
out into an end substantially wider than the slot 19, the
running otï the road, bridge, overpass, or wherever else
following action will transpire.
the railing is used, but it also saves vehicles colliding with
the railing from being spun back into the highway where
»the rearxportionofthe rail section so _that .the rear >parts 75 they would be likely to collide with other vehicles com
First -the wedge will pull the rail Il all the way into
itspocket 30. This will be followed by the spreading of
3,028,148
6
5
5. Highway railing construction as in claim 4 in which
ing along. Thus the highway railing of the invention
makes a substantial step forward in safety on the high
way, but it does so -by a simple economical construction
which can be quickly erected.
As to the rails themselves, though a rail formation Ol
said member is in the form of a wedge and said holding
in its rear portion is the only embodiment shown in the
accompanying drawing, it is of course to be understood
means includes means for «moving said wedge member
transversely of said slot to spread said side walls of said
box formation.
6. Highway railing construction as in claim 5 in which
said wedge is carried on one end of a stud extending
from the smaller end of said wedge and the other end
that other rail formations could be employed while re
of said stud is threaded, said threaded end carrying a .
which is box-like in cross section with a central siot 19
10 nut and washer for engagement with said post.
maining within the spirit and scope of the invention.
7. Highway railing construction as in claim 6 in which
It is appreciated that other modilications and varia
said post is formed with passage therein communicating
tions of the construction of the invention as described and
with said recess at one end and said post is formed with
illustrated will suggest themselves to those skilled in the
art, once the instant embodiment of the invention has
»been disclosed to them. Such changes may well be made,
however, and diñerent embodiments of the invention
could be made without departing from the scope there
an enlarged chamber communicating with said passage
at the other end thereof, the body of said stud being
seated in said passage and said nut and washer being
seated in said enlarged chamber.
8. Highway railing construction as in claim 5 in which
of, it being clearly intended that all matter contained in
the smaller end of said wedge is provided with threaded
the above description or shown in the accompanying
drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a 20 socket means and a bolt is mounted in said post having
the threaded end thereof in engagement with said socket
limiting sense.
means for drawing said wedge into said slot.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new
9. A post for mounting a highway rail which includes
and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
a base portion and a portion extending upwardly there
1. In highway railing construction, a rail formed with
from, said upwardly extending portion 4being formed with
a front portion presenting a smooth substantially con
a transverse channel extending thereinto from one face
tinuous face surface devoid of any protruding fastening
thereof and said post being formed with a bore extend
means, a supporting post for said rail, said supporting
ing thereinto from the opposite face thereof and in align
post being formed with a transverse slot therein, said rail
ment with said channel and said post being formed with
having a mounting portion seated in said slot and a por
tion extending outwardly therefrom to provide said 30 restricted passage means therein of smaller diameter than
said bore connecting the base of said channel with said
bore.
smooth surface, and means carried by said post extend
ing into said slot and expanding said mounting portion
10. In highway railing construction, an elongated rail
into engagement with the side walls o-f said slot for hold
ing said mounting portion in said slot.
member formed of sheet metal and into the form of a
hollow box in cross section, the wall of said box at the
2. ln highway railing construction, a rail including a
front portion presenting a smooth continuous face sur
face devoid of any protruding fastening means and rear
inner side of said rail being in the form of ñange ppr
tions terminating in spaced relation to form an elongated
`slot extending throughout the length of the rail, and a
securing member adapted to spread said slotted side of
wardly extending mounting portions, a supporting post
for said rail, means formed on said post for receiving
said rearwardly extending mounting portions within said
40 said rail in order to secure the same in place in a mount
ing recess formed in a rail mounting member, said secur
post with said face surface exposed in front of said post
in spaced relation with respect thereto, means carried by
said post and engaging said mounting portions for hold
ing member including a wedge having its smaller end
slidably receivable in said slot when the same is in un
ing said mounting portions in place on said post said
expanded condition, a web extending from said smaller
mounting portions being spaced apart and said holding
45 end and of no greater width than the width of the smaller
means includes means to spread said mounting portions
to engage the same with said receiving means.
end of said wedge and a cylindrical member having a
diameter greater than the width of said unexpanded slot
centrally secured to said web at the side thereof opposite
3. Highway railing construction according to claim 2
to said wedge, said cylindrical member having the end
in which said rearwardly extending mounting portions
terminate in inturned opposed ñanges having spaced 50 thereof opposite said web formed with screw threads,
whereby said securing member can be slid into said rail
opposed end faces and wherein said holding means in
cludes a wedge member mounted between said end faces.
at one end thereof and moved along said slot to the
4. In highway railing construction, an elongated rai-l
formed of sheet metal and being of hollow box forma
securing position desired and said wedge can be drawn
into said slot to expand the inner side wall of said box.
11. A post as in claim 9, said channel being inclined
upwardly from the base thereof to said one face and said
channel having the side walls thereof diverging at a small
tion in cross sect-ion, one end of said box formation form
ing the outer side of said rail and presenting a smooth
continuous outer face, the opposite end of said formation
forming the inner side of said rail being interrupted in
the form of a slot extending throughout the length of the
rail, a post Vfor supporting said rail and formed with a 60
recess therein to closely receive said rail, said recess
being of less depth than the depth of said rail from said
outer side to said inner side of the sides of said box
formation and means carried by said post and engaging
said rail to hold said rail »in place in said recess said 65
means including a member extending into said slot and
forcing side walls of said box ‘formation outwardly to
engage the opposed surfaces of said recess.
angle.
References Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
399,021
Dailey ______________ __ Mar. 5, 1889
2,128,294
Gage _______________ __ Aug. 30, 1938
2,136,415
2,176,530
Cornell _____________ __ Nov. 15, 1938
Greulich ____________ __ Oct. 17, 19-39
2,403,330
2,403,541
Benton _______________ __ July 2, 1946
Molat ________________ __ July 9, 1946
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