Патент USA US3029012код для вставки
April 10, 1962 D. J. SCHIAVONE 3,029,004 DEVICE FOR MAKING RETURNS, PLEATS, AND SPACES IN DRAPERIES Filed March 13, 1961 . 56/ I‘ l: _ _._- ‘\\___ 57 _‘4_ I F/ I ‘m "I ' v 5 INVENTOR. DOMINIC J. SCHIAVONE WW AGENT ° 1 1)‘i 5'11 , earshot "a (‘Q tin gi?gt. t i to:“tot m .h."can ' e MHAQQ 1 mine?eld nevi/Pei. \ i l - a, . PatentedApr. 19, 1952 2 3,629,994 lilraetesclrq'e'wed into tapped holes in the underside of DEVICE FOR MAKill‘slG RETURNS, PLEATS, AND SPACES IN DRAPERXES Dominic J. Schiavone, 9671 Cypress Ave, Fontana, €alif. The shoe 21 is spaced a slight distance above the top surface of the base plate 11, and is provided with a 6 Claims. (Cl. 223-64) rearwardly extending enlargement 24, at one end thereof, ' which abuts against one side of a narrow strip 25, to which The present invention relates to devicesused in making pleated draperies, and its primary object is to provide a device of this character that will enable the worker to pin up the drapery material with accurately measured returns, spaces and pleats, ready to be sewed, without any of the pin 26 extends from front to rear, as seen in FIGUREB, and the transverse shoe 21 can be rocked on the pivot pin 26 through a slight angular travel to increase ‘or de crease the clearance between the shoe 21 and base 11, so as to accommodate different thicknesses of drapery mate the principles of the invention; indicator 42 is a laterally projecting pointer 45, which overlies'and slides on the right-hand side plate 14. The pointer 45 cooperates with the right-hand side plate 14 to Filed Bier. 13, 19‘61, Sci‘. No. 95,399 it is secured by a pivot pin 26. The axis of the pivot rial thercbetween. Adjustment of the angular position of hand measuring or trial-and-error'iitting heretofore used the shoe 21 is effected by means of a thumbscrew 36 which in this type of work. Another object of the invention is to provide a device 15 is threaded through a tapped hole 31 (FIGURE 4) in‘ a laterally projecting car 32 at the outer edge of the en of the type described which is semi-automatic in oper largement 24. The thumbscrew 34) extends through a ation, in that it can be adjusted to any desired dimensional hole 33 in the base plate 11, in which it is free to rotate set-up by means of three simple ?nger‘tip adjustments, but is restrained against endwise movement by means of after which the drapery material may be measured, folded a setscrew 34. When the thumbscrew St) is turned, .the and pinned by merely drawing the material over and ear 32. is raised or lowered with respect to the base plate around certain parts of the device, and inserting pins at 11, causing the shoe 21 to'pivot on the pin 26, thereby the place provided for that purpose. In this connection, lowering or raising the other end thereof. The shoe 21 the invention speeds up the operation of pleating and is stabilized and braced by means of a block 36, which is pinning draperies to the extent that one work er using the secured to the top surface of the base plate 11 in the cor device and assisted by a sewing machine operator can ner formed by the ear and the end of the enlargement 24. ‘equal the production of six workers using conventional The block 36 bears against the adjacent faces of the en techniques of pleating and sewing draperies. largement 2d and ear 32, and provides back-up support Still another object of the invention is to provide a for the same. The underneath and back sides of the shoe device of the kind described, which produces perfectly formed, identical returns, spaces and pleats throughout 30 21 are smoothly rounded, as shown in FIGURES 4 and 5, and the underneath portion of the shoe 21 adjacent the the entire width of the drapery, with such accuracy'that enlargement 24 is relieved slightly at 41 to provide ad a drapery for a 10-0 inch window can be made to within ditional clearance between it and the base plate 11, to ac 1%; inch of the desired width. Furthermore, work of this commodate the fold in the drapery material. accuracy can be produced time after time by workers of 35 The sliding center piece 20 has an indicator 42 attached only average experience. ‘ to its lower end, which includes a laterally projecting por A further object of the invention is to provide a device tion 43 that extends over and slides on the surface of the of the type described which is inexpensive to manufacture, left-hand side plate 13. It will be noted in FIGURE 1 simple and easy to use, compact and light in weight, and that side plate 13 has a graduated scale 44 provided which can be made portable or permanently mounted in 40 thereon, marked in inches and fractions thereof, measured place on the work table. from the bottom of the frame 12. The purpose of these . The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the I graduations will be explained presently, and it will su?ice present invention will become apparent to those skilled at this point to say that the lateral projection 43- on the in the art upon consideration of the following detailed indicator 42 cooperates with these graduations for the description of the preferred embodiment thereof, refer— purpose of adjusting the device to one of the dimensions ence beinghad to the accompanying drawings, wherein: required in making the drapery. At the other end of the FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a device embodying . FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the same; FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken at 3-—3 in FIGURE 2; FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken at 4——4 in FIGURE 3; and FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken at 5—5 in FIGURE 3. In the drawings, the device of my invention is desig nated in its entirety by the reference numeral 10 and com prises a ?at, rectangular base plate 11, upon which is provide one of the other dimensional set-upsrequired for the drapery. A narrow, transversely disposed groove 25' U is provided in the top of the member 42 to receive and guide the point of a pin, as the latter is inserted through ‘the folded drapery material. A thumbscrew 60 is threaded through a tapped hole in the top crosspiece 15 on the back side of the frame 12, and the inner end of this thumbscrew abuts against the back of the slide 20 to lock the latter in adjusted position. . mounted an upwardly and rearwardly inclined frame 12. Attached to the top side of the slide member 20, near The frame 12 consists of two laterally spaced, par allel side plates 13 and 14, which are connected across 60 the upper end thereof, is a block 47 having an aperture 43 therein extending lengthwise of the slide member. their back sides by cross members 15 and 16. Slidably Slidably received within the aperture 48 is the shank 5%) - disposed within the space between the side plates 13 and of a pleating hook, the lower end of which is bent later 14 is a center strip 20, the side edges of which are dove ally at 5?. to engage and hold the drapery as the latter tailed to ?t the correspondingly shaped inner edges of the plates 13, 14 to permit movement of the member 20 65 is folded to form the pleats. A thumbscrew 52 is thread’ ed into the block 47 from the top side thereof and bears while con?ning thelatter to the frame 12. The frame 12 against the side of the shanksti to lock the pleating hook‘ is supported at its bottom end on a transverse shoe 2.1, at its adjusted position. A graduated scale 53Qis the front edge 22 of which is cut back at an angle (see inscribed on the top surface of the‘ slide 2t? down the, FIGURE 5), to place the frame 12 at the angle of inclina tion shown in the drawings. The frame 12 is secured to 70 center thereof, and this is marked off, in fractional inch‘ graduations, measured from the pin groove 46, to show ~the edge 22 of the shoe 21 by means of two screws (not the depth of the pleat. shown) which extend up through holes 23 in the shoe 21 £1. 3 Pivotally mounted on the base plate 11 adjacent the bottom edge of the frame £2 at one edge thereof is a pin holder 56, having a laterally projecting pin 57 at the free end thereof. The pin-holder is swingably sions, it is a simple matter to readjust the device slightly to change the pleat and space dimensions, and after un pinning the material, to redo the drapery to the correct dimensions. It has been found that experience that one supported on a pivot pin 58, which is secured to the base operator using the device it} to pleat and pin draperies, plate 11, and the holder is swingable between the positions with a sewing machine operator assisting, can equal the output of six experienced drapery makers using conven tional measuring or trial-and-error methods of making shown in solid lines and phantom lines in FEGURE 3. The operation of the invention is as follows: The di iensions of the returns, spaces and pleats are ?rst de termined by conventional methods of ?guring, taking into account the area to be covered, the width of the material, the number of pleats desired, and the distance to be covered by the returns. With the dimensions thus established, the device It} is adjusted to make the ?rst return and the first pleat at one end of the drapery. draperies. While I have shown and described in considerable detail what i believe to be the preferred form of my invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made in the shape and arrangement of the several parts Without departing from the broad scope of the invention, as de?ned in the follow This adjustment is effected by loosening the thumbscrew ing claims. 69 and sliding the center member 2t} up or down on I claim: 1. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in draperies, comprising a base having a frame projecting therefrom, said device having means de?ning a narrow slot through which drapery material can be passed and the frame 12 to place the lateral projection 43 of member over the graduation on scale corresponding to the dimension for the return. The thumbscrew 69 is then tightened to lock the slide lit in adjusted position. 1‘. e thumbscrew 52 is then loosened, and the shank 5d of the pleating book 51 is moved up or down through the block 47 to place the hook 51 directly above the graduation on scale 53 corresponding to the pleat depth dimension. The edge of the drapery material is then hooked onto the pin 57 of the holder 56, while the latter is positioned as shown in FIGURE 1. The material is carried up over the member 42 and is passed under and around the hook 51, and back down over the member 42. Hold ing the material down ?rmly against the underneath thick drawn up over said frame, means on said device en gageable with one edge of said drapery material to hold the same while the ?rst return and ?rst pleat are being formed, said frame including a member slidably sup ported for movement toward and away from said dra pery engaging means, said member having a pinning point provided thereon, a graduated scale on said frame hav ing its origin closely adjacent said drapery engaging Jesus, said member having means cooperating with said graduated scale to enable said member to be adjusted to a position for a predetermined drapery return dimen ness of the same, the operator pins the top and bottom sion, means for locking said member in adjusted posi thicknesses of the material together, inserting the pin tion, a pleating hook slidably supported on said frame above said member and movable with respect to the through the material so that the point tlereof enters the groove 46 and is guided thereby. latter along a path parallel to the path of the member, a second graduated scale on said frame having its origin With the first return and the ?rst pleat thus made, the operator removes the drapery material momentarily from the device it), and resets the slide 23 after ?rst loosening the thumbscrew 60. Prior to making this next adjust 40 at said pinning point on said member, said pleating hook cooperating with said second graduated scale to enable ment, the operator measures off the desired space be determined pleat depth dimension, and means for lock ween pleats on the drapery material, and either marks the material or inserts a pin therein, measuring from the pin of the ?rst pleat. The first return and ?rst pleat are then placed on the base plate it behind the frame _ l2, and the drapery material is drawn under the shoe 21 and up over the frame 12. Holding the material taut, with the ?rst pleat drawn snugly against the back side of the shoe 21, the operator moves the slide 20 up or down to place the pin groove 46 directly under the mark be has previously made on the material. He then tightens the thumbscrew 6G, to lock the slide 20 in adjusted posi tion. Leaving the ?rst pleat in place behind the shoe 21, the operator carries the material up under and over the hook 51, then down over the member 42, where he in said pleating hook to be adjusted to a position for a pre ing said pleating hook in adjusted position, said member being adjustable to a second position after the ?rst return and ?rst pleat have been made so as to position said pinning point at a predetermined space dimension from said slot whereby each succeeding pleat is spaced apart from the preceding pleat by said predetermined space dimension when said preceding pleat is engaged and held by said slot as the new pleat is formed and pinned. 2. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in draperies, as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said drapery engaging means comprises a pin holder pivoted at one end on said base for swinging movement between an operative position and an inoperative position, said pin holder having a pin projecting laterally from the free end thereof which is engageable with the edge of said drapery material serts another pin through the top and bottom thicknesses to hold the same when said pin holder is at said operative of the material to form the second pleat. Here again, position. the pin is inserted so that its point enters the groove 3. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in 45 and is guided thereby. The remaining pleats are then 60 draperies, as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said slot is formed and pinned by merely sliding the material off to de?ned between the bottom edge of said frame and said the left so as to remove it from the hook 51 and from base, the ?rst return and ?rst pleat of the drapery being the gap between the shoe 21 and the base plate 11. The placed behind said frame, and the material being drawn last-formed pleat is then placed in the corner behind through said slot and up over said frame and around said the shoe 21, and the material is again drawn up over pleating hook to form succeeding pleats. the frame 12 to the hook 51, where it is passed under 4. A device as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said member and over the hook and back down to the member 42, is provided on its top surface with a narrow pinning and another pin inserted through the material to form the groove extending transverse to the line of sliding move pleat. The side plate 14 can be marked with a pencil ment of said member. or scratch mark adjacent the pointer 45, if desired, to 70 5. A device as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said mem enable the operator to adjust the device to the same ber consists of a slide mounted on said frame for sliding space dimension in making future draperies. If, upon completion of pleating and pinning the dra movement toward and away from said drapery engaging pery, it should be found that the drapery is incorrectly made owing to an operator’s error in ?guring the dimen of said slide and cooperating with said ?rst-named gradu ated scale to enable said pin guiding means to be adjusted means. and pin guiding means attached to the bottom end 3,029,004 5 6 to a position for ‘a predetermined drapery return dimen material to hold the same, one of said side plates on said sion, said pleating hook being slidably supported on said slide near the top end thereof, and said second graduated frame having a ?rst graduated scale provided thereon which has its origin at 1a point closely adjacent said pin, said member cooperating with said ?rst graduated scale to position said pinning groove at the drapery return dimen sion from said pin, a pleating hook slidably supported scale being formed on the top surface of said slide. 6. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in draperies, comprising a horizontal base plate having an on said center plate adjacent the upper end thereof, a second graduated scale on said center plate having its being mounted at its lower edge on a shoe extending hori origin at said pinning groove, said pleating hook co~ zontally over said base plate at a slight distance above the latter, said shoe being pivoted at one end for vertical 10 operating with said second scale to provide a predeter mined pleat depth dimension, and means for locking said swinging movement, means for securing said shoe at an inclined frame extending upwardly therefrom, said frame angularly adjusted position, said frame consisting of two pleating hook in adjusted position, said center plate ‘being laterally spaced side plates and a vertically slidab‘le center plate, means for locking said center plate against sliding movable to a second adjusted position after the ?rst return and ?rst pleat have been made so as to position said movement. a member attached to the ‘bottom end of said center plate and projecting upwardly therefrom, said member having a narrow pinning groove provided in its top surface extending transversely to ‘the line of sliding movement of said center plate, va. p-in holder pivoted at one end on said base plate and swingable between opera 20 pinning groove at a distance from the back side of said shoe to space each succeeding pleat art a predetermined space dimension from the preceding pleat when the latter is engaged under said shoe. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS tive and inoperative positions, said pin holder having a pin which is engageable with an edge of the drapery 2,879,927 Carrignan ___________ __ Mar. 31. 1959'