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Патент USA US3029012

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April 10, 1962
Filed March 13, 1961
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PatentedApr. 19, 1952
lilraetesclrq'e'wed into tapped holes in the underside of
Dominic J. Schiavone, 9671 Cypress Ave, Fontana, €alif.
The shoe 21 is spaced a slight distance above the top
surface of the base plate 11, and is provided with a
6 Claims. (Cl. 223-64)
rearwardly extending enlargement 24, at one end thereof, '
which abuts against one side of a narrow strip 25, to which
The present invention relates to devicesused in making
pleated draperies, and its primary object is to provide a
device of this character that will enable the worker to pin
up the drapery material with accurately measured returns,
spaces and pleats, ready to be sewed, without any of the
pin 26 extends from front to rear, as seen in FIGUREB,
and the transverse shoe 21 can be rocked on the pivot
pin 26 through a slight angular travel to increase ‘or de
crease the clearance between the shoe 21 and base 11, so
as to accommodate different thicknesses of drapery mate
the principles of the invention;
indicator 42 is a laterally projecting pointer 45, which
overlies'and slides on the right-hand side plate 14. The
pointer 45 cooperates with the right-hand side plate 14 to
Filed Bier. 13, 19‘61, Sci‘. No. 95,399
it is secured by a pivot pin 26. The axis of the pivot
rial thercbetween. Adjustment of the angular position of
hand measuring or trial-and-error'iitting heretofore used
the shoe 21 is effected by means of a thumbscrew 36 which
in this type of work.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device 15 is threaded through a tapped hole 31 (FIGURE 4) in‘ a
laterally projecting car 32 at the outer edge of the en
of the type described which is semi-automatic in oper
largement 24. The thumbscrew 34) extends through a
ation, in that it can be adjusted to any desired dimensional
hole 33 in the base plate 11, in which it is free to rotate
set-up by means of three simple ?nger‘tip adjustments,
but is restrained against endwise movement by means of
after which the drapery material may be measured, folded
a setscrew 34. When the thumbscrew St) is turned, .the
and pinned by merely drawing the material over and
ear 32. is raised or lowered with respect to the base plate
around certain parts of the device, and inserting pins at
11, causing the shoe 21 to'pivot on the pin 26, thereby
the place provided for that purpose. In this connection,
lowering or raising the other end thereof. The shoe 21
the invention speeds up the operation of pleating and
is stabilized and braced by means of a block 36, which is
pinning draperies to the extent that one work er using the
secured to the top surface of the base plate 11 in the cor
device and assisted by a sewing machine operator can
ner formed by the ear and the end of the enlargement 24.
‘equal the production of six workers using conventional
The block 36 bears against the adjacent faces of the en
techniques of pleating and sewing draperies.
largement 2d and ear 32, and provides back-up support
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
for the same. The underneath and back sides of the shoe
device of the kind described, which produces perfectly
formed, identical returns, spaces and pleats throughout 30 21 are smoothly rounded, as shown in FIGURES 4 and
5, and the underneath portion of the shoe 21 adjacent the
the entire width of the drapery, with such accuracy'that
enlargement 24 is relieved slightly at 41 to provide ad
a drapery for a 10-0 inch window can be made to within
ditional clearance between it and the base plate 11, to ac
1%; inch of the desired width. Furthermore, work of this
commodate the fold in the drapery material.
accuracy can be produced time after time by workers of
The sliding center piece 20 has an indicator 42 attached
only average experience.
to its lower end, which includes a laterally projecting por
A further object of the invention is to provide a device
tion 43 that extends over and slides on the surface of the
of the type described which is inexpensive to manufacture,
left-hand side plate 13. It will be noted in FIGURE 1
simple and easy to use, compact and light in weight, and
that side plate 13 has a graduated scale 44 provided
which can be made portable or permanently mounted in
40 thereon, marked in inches and fractions thereof, measured
place on the work table.
from the bottom of the frame 12. The purpose of these .
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the
I graduations will be explained presently, and it will su?ice
present invention will become apparent to those skilled
at this point to say that the lateral projection 43- on the
in the art upon consideration of the following detailed
indicator 42 cooperates with these graduations for the
description of the preferred embodiment thereof, refer—
purpose of adjusting the device to one of the dimensions
ence beinghad to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
required in making the drapery. At the other end of the
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a device embodying
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the same;
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken at
3-—3 in FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken at
4——4 in FIGURE 3; and
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken at
5—5 in FIGURE 3.
In the drawings, the device of my invention is desig
nated in its entirety by the reference numeral 10 and com
prises a ?at, rectangular base plate 11, upon which is
provide one of the other dimensional set-upsrequired for
the drapery. A narrow, transversely disposed groove 25' U
is provided in the top of the member 42 to receive and
guide the point of a pin, as the latter is inserted through
‘the folded drapery material. A thumbscrew 60 is threaded
through a tapped hole in the top crosspiece 15 on the
back side of the frame 12, and the inner end of this
thumbscrew abuts against the back of the slide 20 to
lock the latter in adjusted position.
mounted an upwardly and rearwardly inclined frame 12.
Attached to the top side of the slide member 20, near
The frame 12 consists of two laterally spaced, par
allel side plates 13 and 14, which are connected across 60 the upper end thereof, is a block 47 having an aperture
43 therein extending lengthwise of the slide member.
their back sides by cross members 15 and 16. Slidably
Slidably received within the aperture 48 is the shank 5%)
- disposed within the space between the side plates 13 and
of a pleating hook, the lower end of which is bent later
14 is a center strip 20, the side edges of which are dove
ally at 5?. to engage and hold the drapery as the latter
tailed to ?t the correspondingly shaped inner edges of the
plates 13, 14 to permit movement of the member 20 65 is folded to form the pleats. A thumbscrew 52 is thread’
ed into the block 47 from the top side thereof and bears
while con?ning thelatter to the frame 12. The frame 12
against the side of the shanksti to lock the pleating hook‘
is supported at its bottom end on a transverse shoe 2.1,
at its adjusted position. A graduated scale 53Qis
the front edge 22 of which is cut back at an angle (see
inscribed on the top surface of the‘ slide 2t? down the,
FIGURE 5), to place the frame 12 at the angle of inclina
tion shown in the drawings. The frame 12 is secured to 70 center thereof, and this is marked off, in fractional inch‘
graduations, measured from the pin groove 46, to show
~the edge 22 of the shoe 21 by means of two screws (not
the depth of the pleat.
shown) which extend up through holes 23 in the shoe 21
Pivotally mounted on the base plate 11 adjacent the
bottom edge of the frame £2 at one edge thereof is a
pin holder 56, having a laterally projecting pin 57 at
the free end thereof. The pin-holder
is swingably
sions, it is a simple matter to readjust the device slightly
to change the pleat and space dimensions, and after un
pinning the material, to redo the drapery to the correct
It has been found that experience that one
supported on a pivot pin 58, which is secured to the base
operator using the device it} to pleat and pin draperies,
plate 11, and the holder is swingable between the positions
with a sewing machine operator assisting, can equal the
output of six experienced drapery makers using conven
tional measuring or trial-and-error methods of making
shown in solid lines and phantom lines in FEGURE 3.
The operation of the invention is as follows: The di
iensions of the returns, spaces and pleats are ?rst de
termined by conventional methods of ?guring, taking
into account the area to be covered, the width of the
material, the number of pleats desired, and the distance
to be covered by the returns. With the dimensions thus
established, the device It} is adjusted to make the ?rst
return and the first pleat at one end of the drapery.
While I have shown and described in considerable
detail what i believe to be the preferred form of my
invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the
art that various changes may be made in the shape and
arrangement of the several parts Without departing from
the broad scope of the invention, as de?ned in the follow
This adjustment is effected by loosening the thumbscrew
ing claims.
69 and sliding the center member 2t} up or down on
I claim:
1. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in
draperies, comprising a base having a frame projecting
therefrom, said device having means de?ning a narrow
slot through which drapery material can be passed and
the frame 12 to place the lateral projection 43 of member
over the graduation on scale
corresponding to
the dimension for the return. The thumbscrew 69 is
then tightened to lock the slide lit in adjusted position.
1‘. e thumbscrew 52 is then loosened, and the shank 5d
of the pleating book 51 is moved up or down through
the block 47 to place the hook 51 directly above the
graduation on scale 53 corresponding to the pleat depth
The edge of the drapery material is then hooked onto
the pin 57 of the holder 56, while the latter is positioned
as shown in FIGURE 1. The material is carried up
over the member 42 and is passed under and around the
hook 51, and back down over the member 42. Hold
ing the material down ?rmly against the underneath thick
drawn up over said frame, means on said device en
gageable with one edge of said drapery material to hold
the same while the ?rst return and ?rst pleat are being
formed, said frame including a member slidably sup
ported for movement toward and away from said dra
pery engaging means, said member having a pinning point
provided thereon, a graduated scale on said frame hav
ing its origin closely adjacent said drapery engaging
Jesus, said member having means cooperating with said
graduated scale to enable said member to be adjusted
to a position for a predetermined drapery return dimen
ness of the same, the operator pins the top and bottom
sion, means for locking said member in adjusted posi
thicknesses of the material together, inserting the pin
tion, a pleating hook slidably supported on said frame
above said member and movable with respect to the
through the material so that the point tlereof enters the
groove 46 and is guided thereby.
latter along a path parallel to the path of the member,
a second graduated scale on said frame having its origin
With the first return and the ?rst pleat thus made, the
operator removes the drapery material momentarily from
the device it), and resets the slide 23 after ?rst loosening
the thumbscrew 60. Prior to making this next adjust 40
at said pinning point on said member, said pleating hook
cooperating with said second graduated scale to enable
ment, the operator measures off the desired space be
determined pleat depth dimension, and means for lock
ween pleats on the drapery material, and either marks
the material or inserts a pin therein, measuring from
the pin of the ?rst pleat. The first return and ?rst pleat
are then placed on the base plate it behind the frame _
l2, and the drapery material is drawn under the shoe 21
and up over the frame 12. Holding the material taut,
with the ?rst pleat drawn snugly against the back side
of the shoe 21, the operator moves the slide 20 up or
down to place the pin groove 46 directly under the mark
be has previously made on the material. He then tightens
the thumbscrew 6G, to lock the slide 20 in adjusted posi
Leaving the ?rst pleat in place behind the shoe 21,
the operator carries the material up under and over the
hook 51, then down over the member 42, where he in
said pleating hook to be adjusted to a position for a pre
ing said pleating hook in adjusted position, said member
being adjustable to a second position after the ?rst return
and ?rst pleat have been made so as to position said
pinning point at a predetermined space dimension from
said slot whereby each succeeding pleat is spaced apart
from the preceding pleat by said predetermined space
dimension when said preceding pleat is engaged and
held by said slot as the new pleat is formed and pinned.
2. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in
draperies, as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said drapery
engaging means comprises a pin holder pivoted at one end
on said base for swinging movement between an operative
position and an inoperative position, said pin holder
having a pin projecting laterally from the free end thereof
which is engageable with the edge of said drapery material
serts another pin through the top and bottom thicknesses
to hold the same when said pin holder is at said operative
of the material to form the second pleat. Here again,
the pin is inserted so that its point enters the groove
3. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in
45 and is guided thereby. The remaining pleats are then 60 draperies, as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said slot is
formed and pinned by merely sliding the material off to
de?ned between the bottom edge of said frame and said
the left so as to remove it from the hook 51 and from
base, the ?rst return and ?rst pleat of the drapery being
the gap between the shoe 21 and the base plate 11. The
placed behind said frame, and the material being drawn
last-formed pleat is then placed in the corner behind
through said slot and up over said frame and around said
the shoe 21, and the material is again drawn up over
pleating hook to form succeeding pleats.
the frame 12 to the hook 51, where it is passed under
4. A device as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said member
and over the hook and back down to the member 42,
is provided on its top surface with a narrow pinning
and another pin inserted through the material to form the
groove extending transverse to the line of sliding move
pleat. The side plate 14 can be marked with a pencil
ment of said member.
or scratch mark adjacent the pointer 45, if desired, to 70
5. A device as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said mem
enable the operator to adjust the device to the same
ber consists of a slide mounted on said frame for sliding
space dimension in making future draperies.
If, upon completion of pleating and pinning the dra
movement toward and away from said drapery engaging
pery, it should be found that the drapery is incorrectly
made owing to an operator’s error in ?guring the dimen
of said slide and cooperating with said ?rst-named gradu
ated scale to enable said pin guiding means to be adjusted
means. and pin guiding means attached to the bottom end
to a position for ‘a predetermined drapery return dimen
material to hold the same, one of said side plates on said
sion, said pleating hook being slidably supported on said
slide near the top end thereof, and said second graduated
frame having a ?rst graduated scale provided thereon
which has its origin at 1a point closely adjacent said pin,
said member cooperating with said ?rst graduated scale to
position said pinning groove at the drapery return dimen
sion from said pin, a pleating hook slidably supported
scale being formed on the top surface of said slide.
6. A device for making returns, spaces and pleats in
draperies, comprising a horizontal base plate having an
on said center plate adjacent the upper end thereof, a
second graduated scale on said center plate having its
being mounted at its lower edge on a shoe extending hori
origin at said pinning groove, said pleating hook co~
zontally over said base plate at a slight distance above
the latter, said shoe being pivoted at one end for vertical 10 operating with said second scale to provide a predeter
mined pleat depth dimension, and means for locking said
swinging movement, means for securing said shoe at an
inclined frame extending upwardly therefrom, said frame
angularly adjusted position, said frame consisting of two
pleating hook in adjusted position, said center plate ‘being
laterally spaced side plates and a vertically slidab‘le center
plate, means for locking said center plate against sliding
movable to a second adjusted position after the ?rst return
and ?rst pleat have been made so as to position said
movement. a member attached to the ‘bottom end of said
center plate and projecting upwardly therefrom, said
member having a narrow pinning groove provided in its
top surface extending transversely to ‘the line of sliding
movement of said center plate, va. p-in holder pivoted at
one end on said base plate and swingable between opera 20
pinning groove at a distance from the back side of said
shoe to space each succeeding pleat art a predetermined
space dimension from the preceding pleat when the latter
is engaged under said shoe.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
tive and inoperative positions, said pin holder having a
pin which is engageable with an edge of the drapery
Carrignan ___________ __ Mar. 31. 1959'
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