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Патент USA US3029118

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April 10, 1962
wqw. GOOD
3,029,108;
CHAIRS
Filed March 21, 1958
,
'
2 Sheets-Sheet l
INVENTOR.
-
W0 02 W?aoo/
BY
ATTORNEY.
April 10, 1962
w. w. GOOD
3,029,108
CHAIRS
Filed March 21, 1958
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
I
; \
' /'
-5
INVENTOR.
W0 02 W. 6000/
BY
an!
ATTOR NEY.
United States Patent O?ice
3,929,163
I‘Pa’tented Apr. 10, 1962
1
2
3,029,108
may be in the form of a cushion superimposed upon the
bottom plate 11. However, for office and like use, it
Wayne W. Good, Sturgis, Mich, assignor to Harter Cor
poration, Sturgis, Mich, a corporation of Michigan
is desirable that the upholstery be ?xedly connected to
the supporting or bottom plate 11.
Filed Mar. 21, 1958, Ser. No. 723,028
6 Claims. (Cl. 297-420)
are superimposed upon the side bars 3, being preferably
CHAIRS
The arm members 13 are desirably formed of wood and
recessed at 14 to receive the same, see FIG. 6. These
arm members are secured to the side bars by means of
This invention relates to chairs of the non-adjustable
type. The main objects of this invention are,
First, to provide a chair which may be formed of rela
bolts 15 disposed through the holes 8 in the side bars,
10 the upper edges of the arm members having vertical re
tively light stock and still be very strong and rigid.
Second, to provide a chair structure having these ad
cesses 16 therein adapted to receive the cup-shaped nuts
1'7, see FIG. 3.
vantages invwhich seat and back and arm supporting parts
The back, designated generally by the numeral 18,
are assembled as ‘a unitary structure, permitting relatively
comprises side uprights 19 connected by the top, bottom,
wide variation in the details of the seat and back and 15 and intermediate cross pieces Zll, 21 and 22 respectively,
particularly the upholstering thereof.
see FIG. 2. The back is provided with upholstery 23
which includes a rear panel 24 disposed on the rear side
Third, to provide a chair structure having these ad
vantages which may be produced very economically.
of the frame and detachably secured thereto as by the
Objects relating to details and economies of the in
screws indicated at 25, see FIG. 5. The back is sup
vention will appear from the description to follow. The
portedly mounted on the arms by means of the vertically
invention is de?ned and pointed out in the claims.
spaced pairs of bolts 26 which are desirably threaded
A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated
from end to end and have ?attened or disk-like heads 27
in the accompanying drawing, in which:
threaded upon their outer ends and seated in the recesses
or countersinks 28 provided therefor, see FIG. 5. These
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a chair embodying
, my invention.
25 back supporting bolts are clamped upon the arms by
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary vertical section.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the as
sembled frame unit.
FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section ‘on
3O
a line corresponding to line 4—-4 of FIG. 3.
means of the nuts 29 threaded upon the bolts in clamp
ing engagement with the washers 30. The arm uprights
are disposed on the bolts, Washers 31 being disposed be
tween the nuts 29 and the back uprights. The bolts are
arranged through the supporting plates 32 disposed on
FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view partially in
the inner sides of the arm uprights and secured thereto
section on a line corresponding to line 5-5 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 6 is a view through the arm and the supporting
side bar therefor on a line corresponding to line 6—~6 of
by screws 33. Bolts project through these reinforcing
practical and'at the same time secure a strong connec
these frame parts may be made of relatively light stock.
plates and are secured by the nuts 34. This provides a
strong and rigid connection for the back to the arms and
at the same time one which is inconspicuous.
FIG. 2, upholstery being omitted.
The embodiment of my invention illustrated is primarily
The arm member coverings 35 in the embodiment illus
designed as an oiiice chair, although adapted for various
trated are conformed to the arm members, but it will be
understood that suitable padding or cushioning may be
uses. The chair of my invention includes a frame as
provided if desired. The rear portion 24 of the back is
sembly illustrated in FIG. 3 which view also includes
a seat bottom plate. The laterally spaced pairs of front 40 desirably made detachable so that it can be positioned
and rear legs 1 and 2 are disposed in upwardly converging
after the back has been mounted and it e?fectively con
ceals the back attaching means.
a
.
relation. Their upper ends are connected by the flat side
bars 3 which are disposed on the upper ends of the legs
The legs and the cross bars are desirably formed of
and ?xedly secured thereto desirably by the welds 4. The
tubular stock which contributes to lightness and at the
rear legs are preferably inclined at a substantially greater 45 same time the legs may be shaped to secure a graceful
angle to the side members than the front legs which are
appearance as is illustrated in FIG. 1. The legs are
disposed at approximately a right angle thereto so that
desirably provided with foot pieces 36 of the tiltable
the lower ends of the rear legs are positioned a substan
anti-slip type. The assembling of the legs, side bars,
tial distance rearwardly of the seat and back, which
cross bars and tie bars as an integral unit results not
arrangement results in stability, that is, the chair is not
only in a rigid structure of comparatively light stock,
easily tilted rearwardly.
.
.
but as stated it permits a wide variation in the matter of
The legs are connected by the cross pieces 5 which are
‘upholstery. The seat bottom plate when secured to the
disposed on the inner sides thereof and desirably secured
' tie members also serves as a bracing or strut element
to assist racking stresses on the several parts at their points
thereto by welding, the welds not being indicated: In
production the welds are made as inconspicuous as it is
of connection, and this further contributes to the end that
tion for the parts. The cross bars 5 are connected by the
I have illustrated and described my invention in a high
ly practical embodiment thereof. I have not attempted
tie bars 6 which are disposed so that their upper surfaces
are substantially ?ush with the tops of the cross bars
to illustrate or describe the various adaptations particu
and are ?xedly secured to the cross bars as by welds 60 larly from the upholstery angle, as it is believed that this
disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody
indicated at ‘2-’.
a
The side bars 3 are provided with longitudinally spaced
holes 8 while the tie bars 6 are provided with longi
or adapt my invention as may be desired.
tudinally spaced holes 9, these holes being adapted to
as new and desired to secure by Letters Patentis:
receive fasteners for the arm members and ‘the seat re
1. A chair comprising laterally spaced pairs of front
and rear legs disposed in upwardly converging relation
with their upper ends substantially spaced, side bars super
imposed upon the upper ends of the legs and rigidly at
spectively.
The seat, designated generally by the numeral 10, is
,
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed
provided with a bottom plate 11 which is secured to the
tached thereto with the front and rear ends of the side
tie bars 6 by bolts 12. The manner of attaching the
upholstery to this bottom plate is not illustrated but it 70 bars projecting substantially beyond the front and rear legs
respectively, front and rear cross bars disposed between
will be understood that it is desirably mounted thereon
the front and rear legs in downwardly spaced relation
so as to form an assembled unit therewith, although it
3,029,108
3
4
to said side bars with their ends in abutting relation to
the inner sides of the legs and rigidly attached thereto,
tie bars for said cross bars disposed adjacent the ends
thereof with their upper surfaces substantially ?ush with
the upper edges of the cross bars and rigidly attached
thereto, said side bars and said tie bars having fastener
and a back disposed between ‘and supportedly mounted
on the rear ends of said arm members.
4. A chair’comprising laterally spaced pairs of front.
and rear legs disposed in upwardly converging relation
with their upper ends substantially spaced, side bars
superimposed upon the upper ends of the legs and rigidly
receiving openings therein spaced longitudinally thereof,
attached thereto with the front and rear ends of the side
bars projecting substantially beyond the front and rear
a seat including a bottom plate superimposed upon said
legs respectively, front and rear cross bars disposed be
cross and tie bars and ‘secured thereto by fasteners en—
gaged in said openings in said tie bars, bar-like arm mem 10 tween the front and rear legs in downwardly spaced rela
bers superimposed upon and recessed to receive said side
tion to said side bars with ‘their ends rigidly attached
bars and secured thereto by fastener elements arranged
through said holes therein, a back disposed between the
thereto, tie bars for said cross bars disposed adjacent the
ends thereof and rigidly attached thereto, said side bars
rear ends of said arm members and comprising connected
and said tie bars having fastener receiving openings there
side uprights, vertically spaced pairs of bolts disposed
in spaced longitudinally thereof, a seat including a bottom
plate superimposed upon said cross bars and secured there
horizontally through said arm members and provided with
heads at their outer ends, clamping nuts threaded upon
said bolts at the inner sides of said arm members for se
to by fasteners engaged in said openings in said tie bars,
bar-like arm members superimposed upon said side bars
and secured by fastener elements arranged through said
curing the bolts thereto, said bolts being disposed through
said back uprights, and nuts for securing said back up 20 holes therein, and a back disposed between and supported
rights to said bolts disposed on the inner sides of the
uprights.
ly mounted on the rear ends of said arm members.
_ 5. A chair comprising laterally spaced pairs of front
and rear legs disposed in upwardly converging relation
2. A chair comprising laterally spaced pairs of front
with their upper ends substantially spaced, side bars
and rear legs disposed in upwardly converging relation
with their upper ends substantially spaced, side bars super 25 superimposed upon the upper ends of the legs and rigidly
imposed upon the upper ends of the legs and rigidly at
tached thereto with the front and rear ends of the side
attached thereto, front and rear cross bars disposed be
tween the front and rear legs in downwardly spaced rela
tion to said side bars and rigidly attached to the legs, lat
erally spaced tie bars for said cross bars, a seat including a
bottom plate superimposed upon said cross and tie bars
bars projecting substantially beyond the front ‘and rear
legs respectively, front and rear cross bars disposed be
tween the front and rear legs in downwardly spaced rela
and secured thereto by fasteners disposed through said
tion to said side bars with their ends rigidly attached
tie bars, bar-like arm members superimposed upon said
thereto, tie bars for said cross bars disposed adjacent
side bars and secured thereto by fastener disposed through
the ends thereof and rigidly attached thereto, said side
bars and said tie bars having fastener receiving openings
said side bars, a back disposed between the rear ends
therein spaced longitudinally thereof, a seat including a 35 of said arm members, and bolt means carried by said
bottom plate superimposed upon said cross bars and se
cured thereto by fasteners engaged in said openings in
arms for supportedly mounting said back thereon.
'
6. A chair comprising laterally spaced pairs of front
and rear legs disposed in upwardly converging relation
said tie bars, bar-like arm members superimposed upon
with their upper ends substantially spaced, side bars super
said side bars and secured thereto by fastener elements
arranged through said holes therein, a back disposed be 40 imposed upon the upper ends of the legs and rigidly at~
tween the rear ends of said arm members and comprising
connected side uprights, bolts disposed horizontally
tached thereto, front and rear cross bars disposed between
the front and rear legs in downwardly spaced relation to
said side bars and rigidly attached to the legs, laterally
through said arm members and provided with heads at
spaced tie bars for said cross bars rigidly connected there
their outer ends, clamping nuts threaded upon said bolts
at the inner sides of said arm members for securing the 45 to, a seat supportedly mounted on said cross and tie bars,
' bolts thereto, said bolts being disposed through said back
bar-like arm members mounted upon said side bars and
uprights, and nuts for securing said back uprights to
rigidly attached thereto by fasteners spaced longitudinally
said bolts disposed on the inner sides of the uprights.
of said side bars and said arm members and disposed
3. A chair comprising laterally spaced pairs of front
vertically relative thereto, the upper ends of said fastener
and rear legs disposed in upwardly converging relation 50 members being countersunk in said arm members, and a
back disposed between and supportedly mounted on the
with their upper ends substantially spaced, side bars super
rear ends of said arm members.
imposed upon the upper ends of the legs and rigidly
attached thereto with the front and rear ends of the side
References Cited in the file of this patent
bars projecting substantially beyond the front and rear
legs respectively, front andrear cross bars disposed be 55
UNITED STATES PATENTS
tween the front and rear legs in downwardly spaced rela
D. 153,333
Arano ______________ __ Apr. 12,
tion to said side bars with their ends in abutting relation
D. 182,428
McCarthy ____________ .._ Apr. 1,
to the inner sides of the legs and rigidly attached thereto,
1,391,362
Bickel
______________ _.. Sept. 20,
tie bars for said cross bars disposed adjacent the ends
Korte ________________ __ Nov. 6,
thereof with their upper surfaces substantially flush with 60 2,388,552
2,578,397
Brown ______________ .__ Dec. 11,
the upper edges of the cross bars and rigidly attached
2,683,483
Shepherdson _________ __ July 13,
thereto, said side bars and said tie bars having fastener
receiving openings therein spaced longitudinally thereof,
a seat including a bottom plate superimposed upon said
cross and tie bars and secured thereto by fasteners en 65
gaged in said openings in said tie bars, bar-like arm mem
bers superimposed upon said side bars and secured by
fastener elements arranged through said holes therein,
1949
1958
1921
1945
1951
2,789,623
2,806,515
2,825,394
1954
Lisi _________________ __ Apr. 23, 1957
Burst _______________ __ Sept. 17, 1957
Hamilton ____________ __ Mar. 4, 1958
83,280
599,980
Switzerland __________ __ Nov. 17, 1919
Great Britain ________ .._ Mar. 25, 1948
FOREIGN PATENTS
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