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Патент USA US3029757

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April 17, 1962
w. R. sHAvER
3,029,747
COMPARTMENTIZER MOUNTING AND LOCKING ARRANGEMENT
Filed Aug. 20, 1959
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April 17, 1962
w. R. sHAvER
3,029,747
COMPARTMENTIZER MOUNTING AND LOCKING ARRANGEMENT
Filed Aug. 20, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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April 17, 1962
w. R. sHAvER
3,029,747
CONPARTNENTIZER MOUNTING AND LOCKING ARRANGENENT
Filed Aug. 20, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet .'5
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Invenior
’william R, «Shaver
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f f States
1
3,029,747
Patented Apr. 17, 1962
2
FIG. 4 is a horizontal sectional view showing one of
the compartmentizer gates swung in an outwardly directed
3,029,747
COMPARTMENTIZER MOUNTING AND
LOCKING ARRANGEMENT
position with the gate extending through the side door
William R. Shaver, Hammond, Ind., assignor to Pullman
Incorporated, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Delaware
Filed Aug. 20, 1959, Ser. No. 835,000
11 Claims. (Cl. 10S-376)
FIG, 5 is a vertical fragmentary sectional view to a
larger scale showing the upper and lower outer corner
portions of one of the compartmentizer gates in relation
opening of the vehicle;
ship with the upper and lower trackways, the trolley and
This invention relates to a mounting and locking ar~
upper hinge pivot and the stabilizer and lower hinge pivot;
rangement for a compartmentizer for use in freight 10
FIG. 6 is a Vertical fragmentary sectional view taken
vehicles including refrigerator vehicles and other types
on line 6_6 in FIG. 5;
of insulated vehicles.
FIG. 7 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line 7-7
The principal object of the invention is to provide a
in FIG. 6;
l
mounting and locking arrangement for a compartmentizer
FIG. 8 and FIG. 9 are elevational views showing one of
for use in freight vehicles which meets the requirements 15 the slide bolt locks applied to the lower inner corner por
tion of one of the compartmentizer gates;
as to strength demanded by the heavy duty service to
which such vehicles are subjected.
FIG. l0 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line
An important object of the invention is the provision
of a trolley arrangement having a vertical depending pivot
arm which is pivotally connected to the gate of a corn
partmentizer at its upper outer edge whereby the gate is
suspended in a freight vehicle.
-
1li-«10 in FIG. 8;
FIG. l1 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line
20
11-11 in FIG. 8; and
FIG. l2 is the same View as FIG. 5 except the vehicle
body shown is a railway box car having no ceiling struc
Another object is to provide an overhead longitudinally
disposed trackway which is secured to the ceiling structure
ture and no floor racks.
side wall thereof for movably supporting the trolley of a
for holding portions of the lading in place in the vehicle
to prevent the lading from shifting and thereby causing
The compartmentizer referred to herein is a movable
or the roof structure of a freight vehicle adjacent to the 25 bulkhead arrangement which is used in freight vehicles
compartmentizer gate.
v
A further object comprehends a roller type stabilizer
and pivot means which is secured to the gate of a com~
damage to either or both the lading and the vehicle.
/ The compartmentizer includes a pair of mated gates
partmentizer at its lower edge in vertical alignment with 30 each of which extends transversely substantially from one
an upper pivotal arrangement and thereby providing a
hinging means for swinging the gate to and from a posi
side wall of the vehicle to the longitudinal center line
thereof and vertically substantially from the floor of the
tion parallel with the side wall of a freight vehicle includ
vehicle to adjacent the ceiling or the roof structure there
ing an outwardly directed position wherein the gate eX
of. Each gate is movably mounted in the vehicle at its
35 outer edge portion and may be easily moved longitudinally.
tends through the side door opening of the vehicle.
A still further object contemplates a trackway longi
of the vehicle and positioned transversely of the vehicle at
tudinally disposed at substantially the level of the door
any of a plurality of selective locations lengthwise of vthe
vehicle. Locking means are provided for securing the
of a freight vehicle adjacent to the side wal-l thereof for
retaining the stabilizer and pivot means of a compart
gates in transverse position at any of the selective loca-mentizer gate and for guiding the same during longitudinal 40 tions. Hinging means also provided at the outer edge
movements of the gate.
portion of each gate permits the gates to be swung to a
Still another object is to provide individual manually
position parallel with the side walls of the vehicle when
operated slide bolt locks at the upper and lower >edges of
the gates are not in use or for vehicle loading and unload
ing operations.
a compartmentizer gate. The slide bolts each having a
fork-shaped end portion with three lingers for engage
’In the drawings 10 represents a railway freight vehicle
ment with keeper slots for locking the gate in a trans
which, as shown in FIG. l, is an insulated refrigerator
verse position in a freight vehicle and for supporting the
type of car and includes side walls 11 and 12, a roof 13
gate in the locked position at the lower edge slide bolt
and a floor 14. The car is the conventional type of re-v
locks.
frigerator car wherein the required electro mechanical re
And still another object is the provision of longitudi
frigeration equipment is located in .a compartment at one
nally disposed keeper members at the floor and at the
end of the car. The conditioned air for refrigerating the
ceiling or at the floor and adjacent to the roof of a freight
car is discharged from the equipment compartment into
' vehicle and the keeper members each having a plurality
air spaces which form an air duct system completely sur
of keeper slots longitudinally spaced at close intervals for
rounding the refrigerator portion of the car. These spaces
forming the air duct system includes space 15 above the
ceiling 16, spaces 17 and 19 behind the side wall linings
18 and 20 respectively and space 21 below the floor racks
engagement with the slide bolt of a compartmentizer
gate lock thereby providing means for locking the gate
transversely in the vehicle at various selective locations
and for supporting the gate in the locked position at floor
keeper members.
The foregoing and other objects of the invention are
attained by the construction and arrangement illustrated
in the accompanying drawings wherein
22.
A plurality of transversely disposed ceiling truss
members 23 are provide at longitudinally spaced intervals
for supporting the ceiling 16. Each truss member 23 is
secured at its ends to the inner side wall structures of the
car by means of the longitudinally disposed side plate>
. _ FIG. l is a transverse sectional view through the body
members Z4 and 25. The open spaces in the truss mem
of a railway refrigerator freight vehicle showing a com
bers 23 permits distribution of the conditioned air in
partmentizer in transverse position in the vehicle including 65 space 15. A certain amount of the air being distributed
the mounting and locking arrangement of this invention;
in space 15 is discharged into the refrigerator compart
FIG. 2 is a vertical fragmentary sectional view to a
ment through openings provided in ceiling 16. The re
maining air in space 15 is distributed tothe side wall air
spaces 17 and 19 for the full length of the refrigerator
FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional view showing one of the 70 and to air spaces which are provided at the ends of the
compartmentizer gates swung in various positions longi
refrigerator compartment behind the end linings and are
tudinally and transversely of the vehicle;
similar to spaces 17 and 19. The air in the wall air spaces
larger scale through the side door and side door opening
of the vehicle shown in FIG. l;
3,029,747
3
4
is discharged into the lloor air space 21 at the lower ends
of the wall spaces. The upright webs of the iloor rack
str-ingers 2‘6 are provided with a plurality of holes 2.7 at
different sizes for the length of the arm, the arm may have
a single circular shape section constant throughout the
length of the arm. The arm 44 extendsdownwardly
longitudinally spaced intervals to permit free circulation
through cooperating holes in the guiding and supporting
of the air in space 21. The floor racks Z2 are conventional
open type which permits the air in space 21 to be dis
lugs 51, 52 and 53. The lugs 51, 52 and 53 are secured
to the channel 54 which forms the outer vertical edge por
tion of the compartmentizer gate 29. Arm 44 is threaded
at its lower end portion to match the threaded holding
nut 55 and the lock nut 56 whereby the arm is secured to
the gate 29. Thus a pivotal connection is provided be
tween the gate 2.9 and the trolley arrangement 41 by which
the gate is suspended. Wearing washer S7 is provided be
charged into the refrigerator compartment. The racks
are made in sections and are hinged at 2d to facilitate
cleaning.
FIG. l shows the two gates 29 and 30 of the compart
mentizer in transverse position in »the car. The two gates,
including the mounting and locking 'arrangement of `this
invention, are identical except for certain detail parts of
one gate being in opposite relationship with the same parts
of the other gate due to the mated relationship of the
gates in the car. For this reason it is considered sutlîcient
to describe the application and details of the parts and as
semblies comprising the invention as pertaining to one
gate 2,9 and such parts and Iassemblies of the invention as
are hereinafter described are intended to apply to both 20
gates thereby covering the complete compartmentizer.
At the ceiling 16 closely adjacent to side Wall lining
18 is a trackway '31 extending longitudinally of the car ,
tween the nut 55 and the lug 53. While holding nut 55
and lock nut 56 are shown, other equivalent fastening
means may be used.
The lower combined gate stabilizer and pivotal arrange
ment represented generally by numeral 58 is vertically
aligned with the upper pivotal arrangement just described.
The two pivotal arrangements function together to form
a hinging means whereby the gate 29 may be swung to
and from a position parallel with the side Wall of the
car including an outwardly directed position wherein the
gate extends through the side door opening of the car
as shown in FÍGS. 3 and 4. The stabilizer 58 includes
substantially from end to end of the refrigerator com
partment. Trackway 31 is a generally box shaped section 25 a vertically disposed pin 59 which extends upwardly
through a hole inthe supporting lug 69 and is secured
comprising a horizontal top plate member 32, an inner
thereto. The lug 6i) is secured to the channel 54 of
Z section member having a vertical web 33, Áan inward
the gate 29. A roller 61 is provided over the pin 55* at
ly directed upper ñange 34 `and an outwardly directed
its lower end portion and is held in place by means of
lower flange 35 and an outer generally channel section
washer 62 which is secured to the pin 59. A roller type
member having a vertical web 36, an outwardly directed
bearing 63 is provided in the roller 61 to permit free
upper ñange 37 and an outwardly directed lower flange
rotation of the roller around the pin S9 during longitu
38 terminating in an upstanding flange 39. Trackway 31
dinal movements of the gate 29.
is assembled by welding at the joints between the top plate
At the iloor adjacent the side wall lining 18 is a track
32 and the inwardly directed Ílange 34, between the top
plate 32 and the outwardly directed tiange 37 and between 35 way generally represented by the numeral 73. The track
way 'i3 includes a plurality of transversely disposed sup
the outwardly directed flanges 35 and 3S and the complete
port members 64 at longitudinally spaced intervals. The
trackway member 31 is secured by welding or other suit
able means to the bottom surface of each ceiling truss
members 64 may be Z shape in section, or equivalent,
member 23. A plurality of apertures 4d at longitudinally
secured to the underframe structure of the car. The
spaced intervals are provided in the outwardly directed 40 two generally channel section members 65 and 66 are
longitudinally disposed and extend substantially the full
ñange 35. These `apertures serve as slide bolt keepers as
length of the refrigerator compartment. The downward
will later be described.
Numeral 41 represents a trolley arrangement which is
ly directed flanges 67, 68, 69 and 70 are supported and
mounted at trackway 31 and from which the compart
secured at their outer ends to the upper flanges of the
mentizer gate 29 is suspended. The trolley arrangement
support members 64. `The channels 65 and 66 are spaced
41 includes a main angular shape member 42, having a
transversely 'to form the groove or trackway 71 by which
horizontal arm portion 43 and a vertical arm portion
the roller 61 of the gate stabilizer S8 is guided during
44. The horizontal arm 43 is longitudinally disposed at
longitudinal movements of the gate 29. The upper in
trackway 31 and is supported by means of two horizontal
wardly directed olïset portions of the iianges 68 and 69
pivot pins 45 which `are longitudinally spaced to provide
overlap the outer edge of the roller 61 to prevent the
a support at each end of the arm. A roller 46 is mounted
roller from leaving the trackway while the gate is being
at the inner end portion of each pin 45 and the pins ex
tend outwardly through the arm 43. The rollers 46 are
each secured to the respective pins 45 and are peripheral
ly engaged with the surface 47 of the trackway 31. A 55
roller type bearing 48 is provided in arm 43 at each pin
shifted longitudinally of the car. A plurality of aper
tures 72 at longitudinally spaced intervals are provided
in the horizontal web portion of channel 6'5. These aper
45.to permit free rotation of the pins during longitudinal
tures serve as slide bolt keepers as will later be described.
Referring to FIG. 2 which is a vertical sectional view
showing the swingable insulated side door of the car in
closed position. It will be noted that the upper and lower
movements of the trolley. Loose spacer washer 49 is
provided between the roller 46 and the arm 43 at each pin
trackway and keeper members, 31 and 73 respectively,
45 and retaining washer 5t) is secured to the outer end
extend across the door opening to permit shifting of the
60
portion of each pin 45 for holding arm 43 in place trans
gate 29 for the full length of the refrigerator compart
versely of the car. Upstanding flange 39 of trackway 31
ment. The top edge 96 of the gate 29 is below the bot
serves as a guide for the rollers 46 during longitudinal
tom surface 95 of the door header and the bottom edge
movements of the trolley and also aids in guarding lagainst
9S of the gate 29 is abovey the top surface 97 of the door
any possibility of the rollers leaving surface 47.
65 opening threshold thereby providing suiiicient clearance
to permit the gate to be swung through the door opening
If desired, an alternate arrangement may be provided
to an outwardly directed position as shown in FIG. 4.
for the trolley pivot pins `45 whereby the pivot pins are
The proportionate length of the horizontal arm 43 of
secured to the arm 43 instead of to the rollers 46 in which
the trolley arrangement 41 stabilizes the gate 29 to prevent
case a roller type bearing would be provided in each of the
rollers to permit free rotation of the rollers during longi 70 canting when the gate is in a position parallel to the side
wall of the car. The couple forces due to canting of the
tudinal movements of the trolley. Also in the alternate
gate are resisted at the roller 46 at the outer end of the
arrangement the retaining washers 50 would be secured to
the inner end portions of the pins 45.
.
The vertical arm 44 of the .angular member 42 is gen
horizontal arm 43 where the roller may be in contact
with either the surface 47 or the surface 47A of the
erally circular shape in section and while shown in two 75 trackway 31. When the gate 29 is in a transverse posi
5
3,029,747;
tion in the ear, the gate is stabilized and prevented from
canting by the roller 61 of the stabilizer arrangement 58,
the roller being in contact with the inner surface of the
flange 69 of the trackway 73.
A portion of each trackway 31 and 73 at the side door
opening of the car is made removable to permit removal
5,.
lower slide bolt member 93 by means of fasten
ers 99 which are accessible through holes 1110 provided on
and replacement of the gate assemblage 29 including
each side of the gate 29 through the flanges of the inner
edge channel 101. The lower slide bolt 93 is slidably
guided between web members 102 and the flanges of
channel 101 at the lower portion of the gate. The upper
slide bolt member 95 is slidably guided in the space be
the upper trolley arrangement 41 and the lower gate
stabilizer and pivotal arrangement S8.
tween the rear flange of channel 101 and the rear web
portions 103 and 104 of the housing unit 94 and between
It will be noted that the open edge of the gate 29 as
provided by the outwardly directed ilanges of the chan
nel 54 permits easy access for the removal and replace
ment of the trolley arrangement 41.
the webs 195 also a part of the housing unit 94.
The housing unit 94 is applied to the gate 29 through
opening 107 in the front Ílange of channel 101 in the space
between the webs of channels 191 and 106 and is secured
The ceiling 16 comprises a plurality of sheets applied
adjacent each other in widths to suit the longitudinal spac
ing of the ceiling trusses 23 and in lengths extending trans
versely of the car from the inwardly directed flange 34
thereto as shown in FIG. l0. The lock is arranged so that
prises a horizontal web 75, two vertical webs 76 and two
4the gate to serve as a warning signal that the slide bolt is
when the operating handle 92 is in the upright position
the slide bolt 93 is down in the locked position in the
selected keeper slots. Lowering operation of the handle
of the trackway 31 on one side of the car to the inwardly
raises the slide bolt to the unlocked position. ‘Gravity
directed ñange of the identical but reversely applied
type latch 108 holds the slide bolt up in the unlocked posi
trackway on the opposite side of the car. The sheets
tion and spring loaded latch 109 holds the handle up in
are secured to the ñang-es of the trackways and to the
the locked position. Both latches lock automatically and
trusses 23.
release manually. In the locked position the outer end
Applied to the underside of the ceiling 16 at the longi
of the operating handle is enclosed in the housing unit
tudinal center or" the car is a longitudinally disposed
providing a ñush gate surface whereby lading can be
keeper member 74 extending substantially the full length 25 stored against the gate. In Vthe unlocked position the
of the refrigerator compartment. The member 74 com
outer end of the handle protrudes beyond the surface lof
à,
outwardly directed flanges 77 and is secured to the ceil
not in the locked position as shown in phantom lines in
FIG. 9.
‘
ing at the two í'langes 77 where they intersect the trans
30
versely disposed trusses 23.
The spaced intervals of the apertures or slide bolt
At the ñoor is a keeper member Sil also longitudinally
keeper slots 40, 72, 7 8 and 86 are all equal and in vertical
disposed at the center of the car and extending substan
plane alignment thereby providing a plurality of selective
tially the full length of the refrigerator compartment.
locations for the placement of the gate 29 in transverse
The member 80 includes a plurality of transversely dis
position Vin the car. As shown in FIG. 9 the lower end
posed support member 31 at longitudinally spaced in
of the lower slide bolt member 93 is fork-shaped having
tervals. The members 81 may be Z shape in section,
three lingers 93A. In the locked position of the bolt the
or equivalent, the same as supports 64 of trackway 73,
three fingers 93A engage three keeper slots to securely
and are also secured to the underframe structure of the
lock the gate in position. The triple finger feature of
car. The two downwardly directed flanges 82 and 83
the slide bolts permits close spacing of the keeper slots
are supported and secured at their outer ends to the upper 40 which in turn provides tor close adjustment in the selec
flanges of the support members 81. The downwardly di
tion of the proper location for the placement of the Agate
rected intermediate ñange 3d serves as a stilîener for the
29 in transverse position in the car to suit the various
horizontal web 85 being secured thereto at its upper edge.
types and quantities of lading to be stowed. The triple
Numerals 78 and 79 each represent a plurality of
ñnger feature of the slide bolts of locks 90 and 91 at
apertures at longitudinally spaced intervals in the hori
the lower edge of gate 29 additionally provides support
zontal web 7'5 of the keeper 74. Likewise numerals 86
for the gate to prevent undue deñection of the trolley
and 87 each represent a plurality of apertures also at
track 31 from the weight of the gate when the car is in
longitudinally spaced intervals in the horizontal web 85
motion. In the locked position the slide bolts are in sup
of the keeper Sil. Apertures 73 and 86 pertain to the gate
porting contact or near supporting contact with the ñoor
assemblage 29 as herein described whereas apertures 79 50 keeper members 73 and 89 at surfaces 93B as shown in
FIG. 9.
and S7 pertain to the opposite gate assemblage 30.
Four individual, manually operated slide bolt locks 88,
Referring to FIG. l2 which shows the gate 29 applied
89, 941 and 91 are provided for locking the gate 29 in
in the body 110 of a railway box car. It will be noted
transverse positions in the car.
All four locks are iden
tical except for application to the gate and for the opera
tion of the locks. The locks 99 and 91 are applied as
shown in FiGS. 8 and 9 and the operating handles 92
are moved upwardly tomove the slide bolts 93 down
wardly into the keeper slots d6 and ‘72 respectively, where
as the locks 88 and 89 are applied reversely from the
locks 90 and 91 and the operating handles 92 are moved
downwardly to move the slide bolts 93 upwardly into
the keeper slots 78 and d0 respectively.
FIGS. 8, 9, l0 and ll show the lock 99 applied to
that the application of the gate is the same as for the re
frigerator car except there being no ceiling structurein
the box car the upper trackway 31 is secured to support
ing brackets 111 which are suspended from each roof car
line 112. The roof 113 of the box car 110 includes a plu
rality of the roof carlines 112 which are transversely dis
posed and extend across the width of the car.
The car
lines 112 are disposed at longitudinally spaced intervals
and are supported and secured at their ends to the longi
tudinally disposed side plate members 114. The side plate
114 is a part ot' the side wall structure 11S of the car.
the gate 29 at the lower inner corner thereof. These 65 At the lower edge of the gate 29 the stabilizer and pivot
illustrations also serve as a typical application for the
means 116 is similar to the stabilizer and pivot means 5S
other locks 83, 89 and 91. Each lock comprises a hous
having a pivot pin 117 secured at its upper end portion
to the gate 29 and a roller 11d which is retained on the
ing unit 9d into which other parts of the lock are assem
bled including the operating handle 92 which is pivotally
pin at its lower end portion by a holding washer 119. The
mounted in the housing with hinge pin 96. 'The inner end 70 longitudinally disposed trackway 120 being somewhat
dilïerent in construction from the trackway 73 provides a
toothed wheel portion 97 of the operating handle 92
longitudinal groove for retaining and guiding the stabilizer
together with the toothed rack portion 98 of the upper
slide bolt member 95 forms a gear whereby the slide bolt
and pivot means 116.
is raised and lowered by manual operation of the handle
From the foregoing it will be seen that the invention
92. The upper slide bolt member 9S is connected to the 75 provides a mounting and locking arrangement for a com
3,029,747
Si
partmentizer which is practical in application and opera
tion and meets the strength requirements demanded in
heavy duty freight service. Further the arrangement can
be applied in various types of freight vehicles.
What is claimed is:
`
»
l. ln a freight vehicle having a roof, a side wall `and
a ñoor, said side wall including a side door opening,
an upper longitudinally disposed trackway secured to
said roof adjacent to said side wall, a trolley movably
vertically through said member, said pivot arm of said
trolley being circular shape in section extending down
wardly through said hole of said member and having a
lower end portion projecting below said supporting sur
face, a supporting fastener secured to said lower end
portion of said pivot arm to provide an upper pivot and
the sole support of said gate in said vehicle, a combined
stabilizer and pivot means Íixedly secured to the lower
edge of said gate adjacent its outer edge, said stabilizer
mounted in said trackway and having a vertical depend 10 and pivot means extending downwardly into a lower longi
tudinally disposed trackway, said lower trackway being
ing pivot arm, a compartmentizer gate having an upper
pivot supporting member at its outer edge, said member
secured to said vehicle at substantially the level of said
having a downwardly facing pivot supporting surface
floor adjacent to said side wall and including a longi
tudinal groove for retaining and guiding said stabilizer
vertically spaced below the upper edge of said gate and
a circular hole extending vertically through said member, 15 and pivot means, and said stabilizer and pivot means
being vertically aligned with said upper' pivot thereby
said pivot arm of said trolley being circular shape in
section extending downwardly through said hole of said
providing hinging means for swinging said gate hori
member and having a lower end portion projecting below
zontallyin either direction from a position normal to
said side wall to a position parallel thereto and to an
said supporting surface, a supporting fastener secured to
said lower end portion of said pivot arm to provide an 20 outwardly directed position wherein said gate extends
through said side door opening of said side wall.
upper pivot and the sole support of said gate in said
3. In a freight vehicle having a ceiling, a side wall
vehicle, a combined stabilizer and pivot means Íixedly
and a ñoor, an upper longitudinally disposed trackway
secured to the lower edge of said gate adjacent its outer
edge, said stabilizer and pivot means extending down
secured to said ceiling adjacent to said side wall, said
wardly into a lower longitudinally disposed trackway, 25 trackway having a vertical outwardly facing surface, a
horizontal downwardly facing surface extending outward
said lower trackway being.' secured to said vehicle at
ly from said outwardly facing surface, a horizontal
substantially the level of' said floor adjacent to said sideupwardly facing surface spaced below and underlying said
wall and including a longitudinal groove having a top
downwardly facing surface and an upstanding curb flange
opening, said top opening being smaller in width than
the lower portion of said groove for retaining and guiding 30 spaced outwardly from said outwardly facing surface, a
trolley arrangement comprising an angular shape mem
said stabilizer and pivot means, said stabilizer and pivot
ber having a longitudinally disposed horizontal mounting
means being vertically aligned with said upper pivot
arm and a vertical depending pivot arm, said horizontal
thereby providing hinging means for swinging said gate
mounting arm spaced outwardly in proximate relation
horizontally iu either direction from a position normal
35
ship with said curb flange of said trackway and having a
to said side wall to a position parallel thereto and to a
pivot pin extending inwardly adjacent each end thereof,
position wherein said gate extends through said side
door opening of said side wall, said gate provided with
a roller mounted on the inner end portion of each said
individual ma ually operated locks at the upper and lower
pivot pin and said rollers peripherally engaged with said
upwardly facing surface of said trackway thereby mov
edges adjacent to the outer and inner edges thereof, said
locks each including a slide bolt having a fork-shaped
end with three lingers, said lingers each engaging a keeper
slot provided in longitudinally disposed keeper members
ably supporting said trolley in said trackway, a com
partmentizer gate having an upper pivot supporting mem
ber at its outer edge, said member having a downwardly
facing pivot supporting surface vertically spaced below
located at said ceiling and said ñoor adjacent said side
the upper edge of said gate and a circular hole extending
wall and longitudinal center of the vehicle respectively
thereby locking said gate in transverse position in said 45 vertically through said member, said pivot arm of said
trolley being circular shape in section extending down
vehicle, said keeper members each having a plurality of
wardly through said hole of said member and having a
keeper slots at longitudinally spaced intervals, said inter
lower end portion projecting below said supporting sur
vals of one keeper member being equal to and in vertical
face, a supporting fastener secured to said lower end
plane alignment with the intervals of all the other keeper
members thereby providing for the placement and the 50 portion of said pivot arm to provide an upper pivot and
the sole support of said gate in said vehicle, a combined
locking of said gate in transverse position in said vehicle
stabilizer and pivot means fixedly secured to the lower
at various selective locations lengthwise of said vehicle,
edge of said gate adjacent its outer edge, said stabilizer
said slide bolts of said locks located at the lower edge
and pivot means extending downwardly into a lower
of said gate being in supporting contact with said floor
longitudinally disposed trackway, said lower trackway
keeper members when said slide bolts are extended in
being secured to said vehicle at substantially the level of
locked position.
said iloor adjacent to said side wall and including a longi
2. In a freight vehicle having a ceiling, a side wall
tudinal groove having a top opening, said top opening
and a floor, said side wall having a side door opening,
being smaller in width than the lower portion of said
an upper longitudinally disposed trackway secured to
said ceiling adjacent to said side wall, said trackway hav 60 groove for retaining and guiding said stabilizer and pivot
ing a horizontal upwardly facing surface, a trolley arrange
means, and said stabilizer and pivot means being ver
ment comprising an angular shape member having a
tically aligned with said upper pivot thereby providing
longitudinally disposed horizontal mounting arm and a
hinging means for swinging said gate horizontally.
vertical depending pivot arm, said horizontal mounting
4. In a freight vehicle having a ceiling, a side wall
arm spaced outwardly in proximate relationship with 65 and a floor, an upper longitudinally disposed trackway
said upwardly facing surface of said trackway and having
secured to said ceiling adjacent to said side wall, a trolley
movably mounted in said trackway and having a vertical
a pivot pin extending inwardly adjacent each end thereof,
a roller mounted on the-inner end portion of each said
depending pivot arm, a compartmentizer gate having an
open outer vertical edge comprising a vertically disposed
pivot pin and said rollers peripherally engaged with said
upwardly facing surface of said trackway thereby mov 70 channel section member having its ñanges disposed out
wardly and extending full height of said gate, said channel
ably supporting said trolley in said trackway, a com
section member having horizontally disposed lugs includ
partmentizer gate having an upper pivot supporting mem
ing upper pivot guiding lugs adjacent its upper edge, an
ber at its outer edge, `said member having a downwardly
upper pivot supporting lug vertically spaced below its
facing pivot supporting surface vertically spaced below
the upper edge of said gate and a circular hole extending 75 upper edge and a lower stabilizer and pivot supporting
spaar/47
10
lug adjacent its lower edge, said lugs each extending in
the area inside of said channel section and being secured
a position normal to said side walls to a position parallel
thereto and to an outwardly directed position wherein
to said ñanges and web thereof, said upper guiding and
supporting lugs each having a circular hole in vertical
alignment with each other, said vertical depending pivot
said vehicle.
6. In a refrigerator freight vehicle having side walls,
arm of said trolley being circular shape in section and
extending through said holes of said upper guiding and
supporting lugs and having a threaded lower end portion
projecting below said pivot supporting lug, said pivot
said gates extend through said side door openings of
a ceiling and a iloor, said side walls each including a
4longitudinally disposed side plate member, said ceiling
including a plurality of transversely disposed supporting
members spaced at intervals longitudinally of said vehicle
arm being secured by means of a threaded holding nut 10 and each extending between and secured at its ends to
and lock nut applied to said lower end portion of said
pivot arm adjacent to said upper supporting lug to pro
vide an upper pivot and the sole support of said gate
in said vehicle, a combined stabilizer and pivot means
comprising a roller horizontally mounted on a vertical
pivot pin adjacent its lower end, said pivot pin extend
ing upwardly through said lower supporting lug of said
channel of said gate attthe lower edge thereof and said
pin being ñxedly secured to said lug, a lower longitudinally
disposed trackway secured to said vehicle at substantially
the level of said floor adjacent to said side wall, said
lower trackway including a longitudinal groove having
a top opening, said top opening being smaller in width
than the lower portion of said groove, said horizontally
mounted roller being disposed in said lower portion of
said groove with said vertical pivot pin extending through
said side plate members, a pair of upper longitudinally
disposed traclcways each adjacent to one of said side
walls respectively, said trackways disposed reversely with
respect to each other transversely of said vehicle and
secured to said ceiling supporting members, said track
ways each having a vertical outwardly facing surface, a
horizontal downwardly yfacing surface extending out~
wardly from said outwardly »facing surface, a horizontal
upwardly'facing surface spaced below and underlying said
20 downward-ly facing surface and an opstanding curb flange
spaced outwardly from said outwardly facing surface,
a trolley movably mounted in each said trackway, said
trolleys each having a vertical depending pivot arm, a
pair of mated compartmentizer gates each having an
upper pivot supporting member at its outer edge, said
said top opening, said top opening retaining and guiding
member having a downwardly facing pivot supporting
surface vertically spaced below the upper edge of said
said horizontal roller in said lower portion of said groove,
gate and a circular hole extending vertically through
and said pivot pin being vertically aligned with said
said member, said pivot arms of said trolleys each being
upper pivot thereby providing hinging means for swing 30 circular shape in section extending downwardly through
said hole of one of said members respectively and each
ing said gate horizontally in said vehicle.
5. In a freight vehicle having side walls, a roof and
a floor, said side walls each including a side door open
ing and a longitudinally disposed side plate member,
said roof including a plurality of transversely disposed
carline members spaced at intervals longitudinally of said
vehicle and each extending between and secured at its
ends to said side plate members, a pair of upper longi
tudinally disposed trackways each adjacent to one of said
‘ having a lower end portion projecting below said support
ing surface, a supporting fastener secured to said lower
end portion of each said pivot arm to provide an upper
pivot and the sole support of each said gate in said ve
hicle, a combined stabilizer and pivot means iixedly se
cured to the Álower edge of each said gate adjacent its
outer edge, said stabilizer and pivot means extending
downwardly into _one of a pair of lower longitudinally
side walls respectively, said trackways disposed reversely
disposed trackways, said lower trackways each being
with respect to each other transversely of said vehicle
and secured to supporting brackets suspended from each
said roof carline, said trackways each having a vertical
secured to said vehicle at substantially the level of said
floor each adjacent to one of said side walls and each
including a longitudinal groove having a top opening,
said top opening being smaller in width than the lower
outwardly facing surface, ,a horizontal downwardly facing
surface extending outwardly from said outwardly facing 45 portion of said groove for retaining and guiding said
stabilizer and pivot means, and each said stabilizer and
surface, a horizontal upwardly facing surface spaced
pivot means being vertically aligned with said upper
pivot of each said gate respectively thereby providing
and an lupstanding curb flange spaced outwardly from
hinging means for swinging said gates horizontally, said
said outwardly facing surface, a trolley movably mounted
in each said trackway, said trolleys each having a ver 50 gates each provided with individual manually operated
locks at the upper and lower edges adjacent to the outer
tical depending pivot arm, a pair of mated compart
mentizer gates each having an upper pivot supporting
and' inner edges thereof, said locks each having a slide
bolt engaging keeper slots provided in longitudinally dis
member at its outer edge, said member having a down
wardly facing pivot supporting surface vertically spaced
posed keeper members located at said ceiling and said>
iloor adjacent said side walls and longitudinal center of
below the upper edge of said gate and a circular hole
the vehicle respectively thereby locking said gates in
extending vertically through said member, said pivot arms
transverse position in said vehicle, said keeper members
of said trolleys each being circular shape in section
each having a plurality of keeper slots at longitudinally
extending downwardly through said hole of oneof said
members respectively and each having a lower end por
spaced intervals, said intervals, of one keeper member
tion projecting below said supporting surface, a support 60 being equal to and in vertical plane alignment with the
intervals of all the other keeper members thereby pro
ing fastener secured to said lower end portion of each‘
viding for the placement and the «locking of said gates
said pivot arm to provide an upper pivot and the sole
below and underlying said downwardly facing surface '
support of each said gate in said vehicle, a combined
stabilizer and pivot means íixedly secured to the lower
in transverse position in said vehicle at various selective
locations lengthwise of said vehicle, said slide bolts of
edge 0f each said gate adjacent its outer edge, said 65 said locks Ilocated at the lower edges of said gates being
in supporting contact with said floor keeper members
stabilizer and pivot means extending downwardly into
when said slide bolts are extended in locked position.
one of a pair of lower longitudinally disposed trackways,
7. ln a freight vehicle having a ceiling, a side wall
said lower trackways each being secured to said vehicle
and a door, an upper longitudinally disposed trackway
at substantially the level of said ñoor each adjacent to
one of said side walls and each including a longitudinal 70 secured to said ceiling adjacent to said side Wall, said
trackway having a vertical outwardly facing surface, a
groove for retaining and guiding said stabilizer and pivot
horizontal downwardly facing surface extending out
means, and each said stabilizer and pivot means being
wardly from said outwardly facing surface, a horizontal
vertically aligned with said upper pivot of each said
upwardly facing surface spaced below and underlying
gate respectively thereby providing hinging means for
swinging said gates horizontally in either direction from 75 said downwardly facing surface and an upstanding curb
3,029,747
1l
ilange spaced outwardly from said outwardly facing sur
pin extending upwardly and ñxedly secured to said gate,
face, a trolley arrangement comprising an angular shape
member having a longitudinally disposed horizontal
said roller being retained and guided in a longitudinally
disposed groove of a trackway in said vehicle thereby
mounting arm and a vertical depending pivot arm, said
providing a hinge pivot at the lower portion of said gate,
said pivot pin being vertically aligned with said upper
pivot thereby providing hinging means for swinging said
horizontal mounting arm spaced outwardly in proximate
relationship with said curb ilange of said trackway and
having a pivot pin extending inwardly adjacent each end
thereof, a roller mounted on the inner portion of each
gate horizontally in either direction from a position nor
mal to a side wall of said vehicle to a position parallel
thereto and to an outwardly directed position wherein
said pivot pin and said rollers peripherally engaged with
said upwardly facing surface of said trackway thereby 10 said gate extends through said side door opening of said
vehicle, said rollers of said trolley being proportionately
movably supporting said trolley in said trackway, a com
partmentizer gate having an upper pivot supporting mem
ber at its outer edge, said member having a downwardly
spaced longitudinally of said vehicle to prevent said gate
rom canting when said gate is in a position parallel
facing pivot supporting surface vertically `.spaced below
to said :side wall of said vehicle, said groove of said
the upper edge of said gate and a circular hole extend 16 lower trackway having an inner and an outer vertical
ing vertically through said member, said pivot arm of
said trolley being circular shape in section extending
downwardly through said hole of said member and hav
ing a lower end portion projecting below said supporting
surface, a supporting fastener ‘secured to said lower end
portion of said pivot arm to provide an upper pivot and
the sole support of said gate in said vehicle, a combined
stabilizer and pivot means comprising a roller horizon
tally mounted on a vertical pivot pin adjacent its lower
wall portion and said horizontally mounted roller being
peripherally engaged with said outer vertical wall portion
when said gate is in a position normal to said side wall
of said vehicle thereby preventing said gate from canting.
9. In a compartmentizer gate having double plates in
parallel spaced relationship including stifl’ener members
disposed between and secured to said plates, a lock corn
prising a rectangular box like housing unit ilush mounted
to said gate through a rectangular opening in one plate
end, said pivot pin being iixedly secured to the lower 25 of said gate and having the long sides of said unit ver
tically disposed, said unit having an open `front and a
edge of said gate adjacent its outer edge, and extending
back portion having openings to facilitate the assembly
downwardly into a lower ‘longitudinally disposed track
and operation of the movable parts of said lock includ
way, said lower trackway being secured to said vehicle
ing a slide bolt vertically disposed between said plates
at substantially the level of said iloor adjacent to said
of said gate, said slide bolt having a fork-shaped end
side wall and including a longitudinal groove having a
with three lingers extending through the lower edge of
top opening, saidl top opening being smaller in width
said gate for engagement with keeper slots when said
than the lower portion of said groove, said horizontally
bolt is in locked position, said slide bolt being rectan
mounted roller being disposed in said lower portion of
gular shape in section at its lower portion and slidably
said groove with said vertical pivot pin extending through
said top opening, said top opening retaining and guiding 35 mounted and guided vertically in said'gate, said slide
bolt extending upward-ly and being offset from interme
said horizontal roller in said lower portion of said groove,
diate the two plates of said gate at said lower portion
said pivot pin being vertically aligned with said upper
to a space between the back of said housing unit and
pivot thereby providing hinging means for swinging said
closely adjacent plate of ‘said gate and being slid
gate horizontally, said rollers of said trolley being pro
portionately spaced longitudinally of said vehicle to pre 40 ably guided vertically therebetween against motionin
direction normal to said gate, said housing unit having
vent said gate from canting when :said gate is in a position
vertically disposed webs extending outwardly from its
parallel to said side wall of said vehicle, said lower por
back portion for slidably guiding the upper portion of
tion of said lower trackway groove having an inner and
said slide ybolt against motion in direction parallel to said
an outer vertical wall portion and said horizontally
gate, said upper portion of said slide bolt having a front
mounted roller of said stabilizer and pivot means being
directed toothed rack portion, an operating handle pivot
peripherally engaged with said outer vertical wall portion
ally mounted in said housing unit, said operating handle
when said gate is in a position normal to said side wall
having a toothed wheel portion at its inner end in said
of said vehicle thereby preventing said gate from cantirlg.
housing unit, said toothed wheel portion engaging Said
8. In a freight vehicle having a roof, a side wall and
a floor, said side wall including a side `door opening, an 50 toothed rack portion of said slide bolt to form a gear
upper longitudinally disposed supporting trackway se»
whereby said slide bolt is raised and lowered by manual
operation of the outer Aend of said operating handle in
a direction normal to said gate, said 'lock being arranged
arrangement comprising an angular shape member having
so that upward operation of said outer end of handle
a horizontal mounting arm and a vertical depending pivot
arm, a pivot pin secured to and extending outwardly 55 lowers said slide bolt to locked position and downward
operation of said outer end of handle raises said slide
from said horizontal mounting arm. adjacent each end
bolt to unlocked position, a latch pivotally mounted on
thereof, a roller mounted on the outwardly extending
the sides of said housing unit for holding said slide bolt
end portion of each said pin, said trolley being movably
in unlocked position and a second latch pivotally mounted
mounted in said longitudinally disposed supporting track
on the back portion of said housing unit for holding said
way in said freight vehicle, said vertical depending pivot
operating handle in locked position, said outer end of
arm -being circular shape in section and having a threaded
handle in the unlocked position protruding beyond the
lower end portion, a compartmentizer gate having an
face of said gate thereby providing a warning signal that
upper pivot supporting member at its outer edge, said
said slide bolt is in the unlocked position, said latches
member having a downwardly `facing pivot supporting
each being arranged to lock automatically and release
surface vertically spaced below the upper edge of said
manually.
_
gate and a circular hole extending vertically through saidV
l0. A lock for a compartmentizer gate, said gate
member, said pivot arm of said trol-ley extending down
having double plates in parallel spaced relationship in
wardly through said hole of said member and said lower
cluding stiiîener members disposed between and secured
end portion projecting `below said supporting surface,
to said plates, said lock comprising a rectangular box
said pivot arm being secured to said gate by means of
like housing unit arranged for flush application to said
a threaded holding nut and lock nut applied over said
gate through a rectangular opening in one plate of said
threaded »lower end portion to provide an upper pivot
lgate and having the long sides of said unit vertically dis
and the sole support of said gate in said vehicle a corn
posed, said unit having an open front and a back portion
bined stabilized and pivot means comprising a roller
horizontally mounted on a vertical pivot pin, said pivot 75 having openings to facilitate the assembly and operation
cured to said roof adjacent to said side wall, a trolley
3,029,747
13
14
of the movable parts of said lock including a slide bolt
for engagement with keeper slots when said bolt is in
locked position, said lower part of slide bolt being rec
tangular shape in section and slidably mounted in a verti
slide bolt disposed between said plates of said gate in
parallel direction to the long sides of said housing unit,
said slide boit extending through one edge of said gate
for engagement with a keeper slot when said bolt is in
locked position, said slide bolt being rectangular shape
in section and slidably mounted and guided in said gate
and extending from the end of the bolt adjacent said edge
cally disposed sleeve arrangement in said gate, said slide
of said gate to a space between the back of said housing
vertically disposed between said plates of said gate, said
slide bolt having a yfork-shaped end with three tingers ex
tending through the lower edge of said gate, said lingers
unit and closely adjacent plate of said gate and being
extending upwardly to said housing unit, said upper part of 10 slidably guided therebetween against motion in direc
slide bolt being offset from intermediate the two plates of
tion normal to said gate, said housing unit having webs
bolt having an upper part secured to said lower part and
said gate at the top of said lower part of slide bolt to
a space between the back of said housing unit and closely
l adjacent plate of said gate and being slidably guided
vertically therebetween against motion in direction nor 15
malito said gate, said housing unit having vertically dis
posed webs extending outwardly from its back portion
for slidably guiding said upper part of slide bolt against
in parallel direction to said slide bolt extending out
wardly from its back portion for slidably guiding said slide
bolt against motion in direction parallel to said gate, said
slide bolt having a front directed toothed rack portion
and a holding hook at its end portion adjacent said
housing unit, an operating handle pivotally mounted
in said housing unit, said operating handle having a
motion in direction parallel to said gate, said upper part
toothed wheel portion at its inner end in said housing
of slide bolt having a front directed toothed rack por 20 unit, said toothed wheel portion engaging said toothed
tion and a top holding hook, an operating handle piv
rack portion of said slide bolt to form a gear whereby
otally mounted in said housing unit with a hinge pin dis
said slide bolt is slidably extended and retracted by man
posed parallel to said `gate extending outwardly on each
ual operation of the outer end of said operating handle
side of said handle and through said vertical sides of
in a direction normal to said gate, said lock being ar
said housing unit, said operating handle having a toothed 25 ranged so that operation of said outer end of handle in
wheel portion at its inner end in said housing unit, said
direction opposite to said edge of said gate extends said
toothed wheel portion engaging said toothed rack portion
slide bolt to locked position with said outer end of handle
of said slide bolt to form a gear whereby said slide bolt is
being enclosed in said housing unit to provide a iiush
raised and lowered by manual operation of the outer end
surface and operation of said outer end of handle in
of said operating handle in a direction normal to said gate, 30 direction toward said edge of said gate retracts said slide
bolt to unlocked position with said outer end of handle
said outer end of handle lowers said slide bolt to locked
protruding beyond the face of said gate thereby providing
position and downward operation of said outer end of
a warning signal that said slide bolt is in the unlocked
handle raises said slide bolt to unlocked position, a latch
position, a latch pivotally mounted on the sides of said
pivotally mounted on the sides of said housing unit for 35 housing unit for holding said slide bolt at said holding
said lock being arranged so that upward operation of
holding said slide bolt at said top holding hook in un
hook in unlocked position and a second latch Ypivotally
locked position and a second latch pivotally mounted on
mounted on the back portion of said housing unit for
the back portion of said housing unit for holding said
holding said operating handle in locked position, said
operating handle in locked position, said Vouter end of
latches each being arranged to lock automatically and re
handle in the locked position being enclosed in said 40 lease manually.
housing unit to provide a flush surface, said latches each
being arranged to lock automatically and release man
References Cited in the tile of this patent
ually.
11. In a compartmentizer gate having double plates in
parallel spaced relationship including stilîener members
disposed between and secured to said plates, a lock com
prising a rectangular box like housing unit flush mounted
to said gate through a rectangular opening in one plate
of said gate, said unit having an open front and a back
UNITED STATES PATENTS
45
1,025,527
v2,155,463
Hunt __________________ _.. May 7, 1912
Angell ______________ -_ Apr. 25, 1939
2,227,807
Dixon ________________ -_ Jan. 7, 1941
2,517,823
2,674,207
Angell ______________ __ Aug. 8, 1950
Kerbaugh et al. ________ _.. Apr. 6, 1954
portion having openings to facilitate the assembly and 50 2,911,925
operation of the movable parts of said lock including a
Adler et al. __________ _... Nov. l0, 1959
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