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Патент USA US3029920

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Apnl 17, 1962
Filed Jan. 28, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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Dovi d L. Shank
April 17, 1962
D. |_. SHANK
Filed Jan. 28, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
vDavid L. Shank
United States Patent 0 "ice
' '
Daxrd L. Shank, Williamsville, N.Y., assignor to National
uypsum Company, Buffalo, N.Y., a corporation of
Filed Jan. 28, 1959, Ser. No. 789,648
4 Claims. (Cl. 189-34)
Patented Apr. 17, 1962
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the column clip of
FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a partial perspective view similar to FIG. 2
showing a modi?cation of the invention.
FIG. 5 is a partial perspective view similar to FIG. 2
showing another modification of the invention.
Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a ?oor 10, a ceil-_
ing 12 and a plurality of vertically disposed lightweight
This invention relates to an improved, simpli?ed and
metal studs 14. A door buck 16 is mounted in the posi
standardized column structure and is particularly direct 10 tion desired in the ?nished partition. Gypsum lath sheets
ed to a standardized structural combination of nonload
18, or equivalent wall-facing material, are shown, broken
bearing metal studs to form columns for use in structures "away, attached to the face of studs 14. Two pairs of
such as adjacent door bucks, borrowed lights, etc.
studs14 are combined to form vertical columns 20' at
Lightweight, nonload-bearing metal studs are common
each side of door buck 16, in accordance with the in
ly used for interior partitions in widths of about two to 15 vention and as fully described further below.
six Inches, and are normally fabricated from two spaced,
In the present embodiment, the studs 14, designated
parallel, elongate chord members and a single, stiff,
14a and 14b in columns 20, which are constructed similar
sinuous wire alternately welded therealong to each op
to the studs 14 used individually at spaced positions
posed chord member. Such studs, used individually, are
throughout the partition, are prefabricated units includ
highly satisfactory at normal spaced intermediate posi 20 ing two spaced angle irons 22, one ?ange 24 of each angle
tions along a partition, however, adjacent openings, ‘such
iron forming the two opposed outer faces of the stud
as adjacent door bucks, additional strength and resistance
against which the wall facing material‘ is to be disposed,
to dltferent forms of stress are required, which are not
and the side ?ange 26, of each angle iron of the studs 14a
fully provided by a single lightweight metal stud. Vari
and 14b, being inwardly directed, the two side ?anges 26
ous methods are presently employed to properly meet 25 of each stud being in a common plane, both perpendicular
this requirement, the more relevant methods, insofar as
to the general plane of the partition. The two angle. irons
the present invention, being that of welding four light
22 of each stud are ?xed together in proper spaced rela
weight metal studs to form a substantially square cross
tion by a sinuous Wire 28, welded alternately to the op
section column or that of welding two studs immediately
posed angle iron side ?anges 26. The studs 14, for in
together to form a single unit, double in thickness, but
dividual use, are known available products, normally.
substantially thinner than the aforesaid square cross-sec
tioned column.
fabricated in Widths from about two inches to six inches,
and are readily adaptable without any modi?cation for
The ?rst mentioned method is structurally highly satis
use in forming the novel columns 26* of the invention.
factory, however, the use of four studs, and the sub
Other presently available forms of lightweight metal
stantial fabrication costs, make for an over-all excessive 35 studs, such as with two spaced straight rods or wires 30
cost ‘for the column. The second method would be of a
replacing each angle iron 22, as shown in FIG. 4, are
reasonable cost if the quality were satisfactory, however,
also equally adaptable to use in forming columns, in ac
two directly welded, parallel studs do not provide su?‘i~
cordance with the invention.
cient strength in the added respects sought in forming a
Columns 20 are assembled on the site of construction
column. Thus, means for providing the strength of the 4.0 from prefabricated studs 14 and ?at, sheet-metal, column
former method with the reasonable cost of the latter
clips 40. A ?rst-mounted inner stud 14a is a?ixed ad
method have been sought by the industry.
jacent to a vertical section 44 of door buck 16, prefera
A further desirable characteristic sought in column
bly by wire tying at approximately two foot spaced posi
structures for use adjacent openings is that of providing
tions to right angle plates 46 attached within the out
a stud close to but spaced from the opening structure for '
wardly directed open channel 48 of which the door buck
accessibility in attachment thereto of the edges of the
16 is comprised. Plates 46 are rigidly ?xed Within chan
wall facing structure such as lath or wallboard.
nel 48, such as by welds 49, disposed generally in 'a
‘It is an object of the present invention to provide
plane perpendicular to the vertical side 44 of the door
means for forming a structure having the structural
buck 16, .and of sufficient size that the inner stud 14a,
strengths of the said former prior method within the
when‘ tied tightly thereagainst, is disposed at approxi50
reasonable costs of the said latter prior method.
mately the outermost extent of the channel 48. Plates
It is a further object to provide an improved partition
46 have two holes disposed in each for tying Wires 50
therethrough for attachment thereto of inner studs 14a.
metal studs and inexpensive novel means for joining the
In accordance with the invention, a second-mounted,
outer stud 14b is rigidly a?ixed in parallel, spaced rela
two studs in improved columnar form.
It is a further object to provide an improved partition
tion to inner-stud 1441 further outward from door buck
16. The ?at, sheet-metal, column clips 40 are each
opening structure embodying the abovesaid improved
tightly af?xed to the two studs 14a and 14b at approxi
partition column.
mately two-foot spaced positions, each closely adjacent
vIt is a still further object of the invention to provide
an improved partition column structure having a single 60 to a plate 46.
~The clips 40 are a ?at rigid sheet, of preferably #20.
stud closely spaced from an opening structure for ready
gauge cold rolled steel, with four notches 54, two on
attachment thereto of wall facing structure material.
each of the two opposed end edges 56. Notches 54 are
These and other objects of the invention will be more
preferably shaped to a form generally complementary
readily apparent when considered in relation to the pre
ferred embodiment as set ‘forth in the speci?cation and 65 and of friction-tight ?t to the chords of studs 14a and
14b at a point of juncture of the wire 28 and the chord
shown in the drawings in which:
angle iron 22.
FIG; 1 is a front view of a partially constructed parti
The clips 40 are formed with a distance between
tion showing framework elements constructed in ac
end edges 56 sufficient to extend substantially the full
cordance with the invention, and with the wall facing
Width of studs 14a and 14b, and, thus would be manu
structure broken away.
70 factured and sold for each respective width of stud which
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of'a portion of the frame
is manufactured and sold for availability for each thick
work of FIG. 1 showing the novel column structure.
column using essentially only two standard lightweight
structure is provided by their combination with inner
and outer studs 14a and 14b, in accordance with the in
' ness of partition desired constructed, such studs normally
being manufactured in widths from about two inches to
six inches. The preferred opposite, perpendicular dimen
Furthermore, the structural manner in which clips 40
sion of clips 40 has been found to be that dimension
which is sur’?cient to space the two studs 14a and 14b
convert the two studs 14a and 14b into a structure for
preferably two inches, irrespective of the endwise di
mension of the clip or width of studs, however, from
column-type stress resistances is particularly effective in
one inch to four inches of stud spacing in this opposite
dimension has been found to provide an improved column
plates 46 to which the column is a?ixed and through
which the column-type stress resistances must be ef
structure in accordance with the invention.
combination with the evenly spaced closely adjacent
10 fected.
The far-less costly combination of clips 40 with two
studs 14a and 1412 has been found to provide a column of
The preferred form of clip 40 includes notches 54
having laterally extending innermost edges 58 which are
each spaced slightly farther from the innermost edges 58
of the notches 54 of the opposite end edge 56 than the
spacing between the stud angle irons 22, whereby the
friction tight ?t of clips 40 is produced at the innermost
even greater columnar stability than the prior columns
formed by welding four studs into a square cross-sec
tioned column, which was generally the prior preferred
form, for quality, of combining lightweight studs in
edges 58 of the clip notches. The side edges 59 of the
Having completed a detailed disclosure of the pre
ferred embodiments of my invention so that those skilled
58 are formed for complementary ?tting about the stud
angle iron side ?anges 26 and are, in each respective 20 in the art may practice the same, I contemplate that varia
tions may be made without departing from the essence
notch, spaced apart su?icient for a loose ?t on the angle
of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.
iron side ?anges. When clip 40‘ is positioned on studs
I claim:
14a and 14b, it is essential that the notch side edges 59,
notches, extending perpendicular to the innermost edges
1. A building partition comprising a plurality. of elon
each be disposed closely adjacent the angle iron side
?anges to form a suitable column of studs 14a and 14b. N) GI gate vertical metal studs each having a pair of opposed
outer continuous ?xedly spaced parallel chord portions
and means holding said chords in ?xed spaced relation,
Any tendency of stud 14a to be turned, by normal forces
in the use of door back 16, will be imparted through
clips 40 to stud 14b, and, by the relatively close ?t of
side edges 59 against angle iron side ?anges 26, the
turning of stud 140 will be substantially completely pre
vented. Thus, a standard lightweight metal stud is suit
ably reinforced in the structure of column 2t} in respects
in which the stud used individually would be insuf?cient
in strength when used adjacent partition openings such as
door bucks.
Referring to FIG. 4, a modi?ed form of lightweight
said means being of a discontinuous structure whereby
metal stud 70 is shown wherein the stud chord 72 com
openings are provided between said spaced chords, a
portion of said plurality of metal studs being individually
disposed in substantially evenly spaced relation forming
the general framing members for wall facing material
attached thereto, and a further portion of said plurality
of metal studs being a?ixed in pairs of two studs ad
jacent the vertical edges of openings in said partition
forming rigid column members, said pairs of two studs
being vertically disposed in side by side parallel spaced
relation, said two studs having top and bottom ends fxedly
mounted in ?xed stud receiving means, said two studs
being rigidly adjoined at spaced'vertical positions by a
and between the two wires of each respective chord. A
plurality of column clips to form a lightweight column,
modi?ed column clip 76, in accordance with the inven
said column clips each being formed from a single gen
tion, is tightly ?t between the opposed chords, of one
erally ?at metal sheet and being tightly ?tted between
stud 70 with projections 78 extending between the two
the opposed chords of both said studs, said clips having
wires of each chord, it being understood that a second
similar stud is to be disposed at the laterally spaced 45 means engaging each said stud chord preventing substan
tially lateral movement of said clip relative to each said
projections shown, to form a stable column, in accordance
chord, said means being disposed to maintain said two
with the invention.
studs at ?xed relative positions spaced apart between
In FIG. 5, a stud 14 is shown having a modi?ed
one and four inches, whereby a stable column is thereby
column clip 80, wherein four notches 82 are formed
with an inwardly acutely angled outer side edge 84, which 50 provided.
2. The structure of claim 1, wherein said stud chords
edge 84 portion, prior to mounting, may be bent upwardly
comprise angle irons having an outer ?ange and an in
to permit relatively easier placement of the clip, with
wardly directed ?ange, and said column clips include
relatively tighter ?nal engagement on the studs 14 pro
notches into which said inwardly directed ?anges extend,
vided when the edge 84 portions are restraightened. The
prises two straight, relatively stitf wires with the sinuous
web wire 74 welded alternately to the opposed chords
notch can be formed of a width that the restraightened '
edges engage behind the web wires 28 or even narrower
to the degree that the restraightened edges engage the
stud ?anges 26.
By common practice, lightweight metal studs 14 are
the innermost, laterally extending edges of said notches
being tightly ?tted against said inwardly directed ?anges.
3. The structure of claim 2, wherein the outer side
edges of said notches extend acutely inwardly, and the
positions of said clip adjacent said outer side edges lock
made with sinuous wires 28 welded to angle irons 22 60 ingly engage said studs.
4. The structure of claim 1, wherein said stud chords
always at equal dimensions from the bottom ends of the
comprise a pair of spaced parallel straight wires, and said
studs. Thus, the clips 40 may be disposed at a V in the
wire 28 of each of studs 14a and 14b as is necessary
column clips include projections disposed between said
and will consequently then be disposed horizontally and
perpendicular to the two studs 14a and 14b.
The lath sheets 18 are attached to studs 14 with any
usual attachment clips 60 and adjacent the door buck 16,
the clips 69 are attached in the usual manner to the
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
outer stud 14b‘ which is su?iciently spaced from the door
buck in accordance with the invention for ready easy
It will be readily apparent that the costs of column
clips 40 and the labor involved in mounting the clips 40
Snead _________________ __ July 9,
Dellenbarger et a1 _____ __ Dec. 13,
Page _________________ __ July 14,
Miles et al ____________ __ June 18,
are of relative insigni?cance in an over-all consideration
Great Britain __________ __ Oct. 13, 1932
of the partition costs, but that, nevertheless, a solid column 75
Great Britain _________ __ Aug. 16, 1937
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