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Патент USA US3030038

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April 17, 1962
J. o. HRUB'Y, JR
3,030,028
FLOATING FOUNTAIN
Filed Oct. 15, 1958
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April 17, 1962
J. o. HRUBY, JR
3,030,028
FLOATING FOUNTAIN
Filed Oct. 13, 1958
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ilnited grates igatent U‘ ice
Patented Apr. 17, 1952
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3,030,028
FLOATING FOUNTAEN
John 0. Hruby. Jr., Burbank, Calif., assignor, by mesne
assignments, to Rain Jet Corporation, Burbank, Calif.,
a corporation
Filed Oct. 13, 1953, Ser. No. 766,803
4 Claims. (Ci. 239—17)
This invention relates to a fountain and to a fluid dis
and aligned with the ?oat opening 22 for receiving an
outwardly ?anged portion 38 on the casting. A block 39
of wood or other suitable material is positioned around
the pipe 23 to span the space betwen the undersurface of
the ?oat and the upper shoulder of the female ?tting 24
thereby to secure the pipe and the discharge device in
the ?oat as by turning the casting down over the upper
end of the pipe. Key-ways 41 are formed in the collar
to accommodate a key (not shown) for turning the body
charging device which is especially well suited for use as 10 into the casting.
an ornamental fountain.
'
Numeral 43 designates the inside wall of the body tube
31 de?ning the bore or cavity of the tube. There is a
sleeve 44 which is force~?tted into the upper end of the
body tube. Such a sleeve has an axial bore 45, the upper
swimming pool, lake, and garden pond.
Another object of this invention is to provide an im— 15 end of which de?nes a ?uid discharge opening 46 for
the body. At its lower end the body tube has a sleeve
proved ?uid discharging device having a rotatable stem
48 force-?tted or otherwise suitably secured therein, the
and which sends out streams of ?uid directed substantially
bore of the sleeve 48 being designated by numeral 49 and
axially of the device.
the lower annular end face of the sleeve being designated
Further objects and advantages of this invention will
appear during the course of the following part of this 20 by numeral 50.
Arranged longitudinally in the cavity or bore of the
speci?cation wherein the details of construction and mode
body is a tubular stem '52 which extends outwardly of
of operation of a preferred embodiment are described
the discharge opening 46 and through the bore 49 of the
with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:
lower sleeve. The stem is smaller in its outside diameter
FIG. 1 is a view in section of a swimming pool having
a fountain of this invention ?oating upon the surface of 25 than the bore 45 of the upper sleeve while the bore 49 of
the lower sleeve is large enough to accommodate rotation
the water in the pool;
of the stern on its axis and su?icient inclination of the
FIG. 2 is a plan view on an enlarged scale of the
stem with respect to the axis of the body cavity to permit
fountain taken in the direction of arrows 2—2 of FIG. 1;
engagement of the stem with the walls which de?ne the
FIG. 3 is a central longitudinal section on an enlarged
‘
scale through the water discharging device of the fountain 30 bore of the upper sleeve 44.
There is a collar 54 ?xed around the lower end of the
taken on line 3—3 of FIG. 1;
stem. Numeral 56 designates an annular end face or
FIG. 4 is a plan view of the ?uid discharging device
shoulder of the collar 54. In the illustrated embodiment
of FIG. 3; and
An object of this invention is to provide a fountain
which ?oats upon the surface of a body of water, e.-g.
the stem is movable longitudinally in the body cavity and
FIGS. 5 and 6 are cross sections on an enlarged scale
taken along lines ‘5—5 and s4, respectively, of FIG. 3. 35 is moved upwardly to the position thereof shown in FIG.
1 of the drawing by the force of water ?owing through
Referring to the drawing in greater detail, there is
‘the fountain. Upward movement of the stem in the body
shown a swimming pool having a bottom 10, side wall
is limited by engagement of the upper end face of collar
ill, and a coping edge 12. The pool is ?lled with water
54 against the lower annular end face 50 of the lower
13, the surface of the water being designated by reference
numeral 14. A fountain of this invention ?oats upon the
_ Numeral 58 designates the axially extending passage
surface of the water and is designated, generally, by
or vbore of the stem, the stem‘ passage being open at its
reference numeral 15.
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sleeve.
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lower end as an inlet opening 59. There is a head 60 ?xed
Fountain 15 comprises a flat float 18 which may be
upon the upper end of the stem and having outwardly
formed of wood or of a hollow tank or other ?oatable
material. Foam plastics are especially well suited for 45 diverging side walls 61 and a top surface 62. Inrthe illus
forming the ?oat, inasmuch as sheets of foam plastics
may be easily cut to form a floral design as shown in
FIG. 2 as by making petals 19 stuck one upon another.
- The upper surface of the ?oat is designated by reference
numeral 20 and its lower surface by numeral 21. The
?oat has an opening 22 extending axially therethr‘ough
for receiving a pipe 23. The lower end of the pipe has
a female ?tting 24 connected thereto for receiving a male
trated embodimentthe head is frusto-conical in con?gura
tion, and the slant of the side wall is; preferably less than
‘30° with respect to the axis of the stem. An outlet pas
sage 63 for the stem extends generally-axially through
the head and may be inclined up to about 30° ‘from the
axis of the stem such that the outlet end of the outlet pas
sage 63 is eccentric of the axis of rotation of the stem.
The head is large enough in diameter so that when water
to the fountain is turned oil, the stem will drop down in
?tting 25 on one end of a ?exible hose 2d. The other end
of the hose is adapted to be connected to a source 27 of 55 the tubular body to a position in which the head closes
the discharge opening 46.
water supply which may be located in the side wall or
Formed in the side walls of the body is a plurality of
bottom of the pool, or the hose may be brought up over
apertures 66 for admitting water into the body cavity
the edge 12 of the pool and connected to a water faucet
from the pipe 23. In the illustrated embodiment these
near the pool. An anchor 28 may be secured to the hose
for resting on the bottom? of the pool to maintain the 60 apertures are formed as slits which extend longitudinally
with respect to the sprinkler body. As best shown in
fountain ?oating in a desired limited area.
FIG. 6 the slits extend through the side walls of the body
‘at an angle with respect to the radii of the body cavity,
thus causing streams of water to enter the body cavity
nated, generally, by reference numeral 30. It comprises
a tubular body 31 having a collar 32 around the upper 65 and to impart rotation or upward spiral motion to the
water in the body cavity.
end of the tubular portion of the body, the tubular por
The swirl of water upwardly in the body cavity causes
tion being force-?tted or otherwise suitably secured in
the stem to gyrate within the body and rotate on its axis
the collar. The collar is screw-threaded at 33 for posi
A ?uid discharging device of this invention is mounted
upon the upper end of the pipe 23, such device being desig
tioning the same in a casting 34. The casting has a screw
as is described in Letters Patent No. 2,639,191.
as a cap upon the upper end of the pipe 23. There is‘ a
an outside stream 68 for the fountain, such outside stream
threaded skirt portion 3'5 for ?tting the casting and collar 70
counterbore 37 formed in the upper surface of the ?oat
Water from the tubular body is discharged upwardly as
being de?ected slightly radially outwardly trom the stem
3,030,023
by the side walls of the head 69 of the stem. The center
stream 69 of the fountain is sent out through the outlet
port 63 of the stem.
While the instant invention has been shown and de
scribed herein in what is conceived to be the most practical
and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that depar
tures may be made therefrom within the scope of the
invention, which is therefore not to be limited to the details
disclosed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of
4
outlet passage being directed generally axially of the
stem and having an outlet end opening eccentric of the
axis of rotation of the stem for sending a stream of
Water upwardly from the fountain.
3. A fountain to ?oat upon water comprising a ?oat,
the ?oat having an opening extending therethrough and
disposed so that when the ?oat is upon the water the axis
of the opening will be substantially vertical, :1 water dis
charge device in said opening and supported by the ?oat,
the claim and so as to embrace any and all equivalent 10 said device being adapted to be connected to a ?exible
apparatus.
What I claim is:
.
1. A ?uid discharging device comprising a body hav
ing an outer end and an inner end and inside walls de
hose in the Water for receiving water from the hose, said
device having a cavity formed therein and ‘an upwardly
disposed discharge opening for the cavity, a rotatable
tubular stem in the cavity and extending in an outer end
?ning a cavity extending in the body, the cavity being 15 portion thereof through said discharge opening, the de
open in the outer end of the body thereby to de?ne a ?uid
vice having ports formed therein for accommodating
outlet opening, an elongated tubular stem having an inner
end and an outer end, the stem being disposed longitudi
nally in the cavity with the outer end of the stem extend
?ow of water from the hose to the cavity and out through
the discharge opening, means in the body for imparting
rotation to the stem, the stem having an inlet opening and
ing outwardly beyond the outlet opening, the stem having 20 having an outlet passage directed generally axially in the
a diameter appreciably smaller than said outlet opening,
outer end portion of the stem and with the outlet end of
means on the stem engageable with the body to maintain
said passage being eccentric of the axis of rotation of
the stem against being driven out through the outlet
the stem for discharging water upwardly from the ?oat.
opening, the stem being rotatable onits axis and adapted
4. A fountain comprising a ?exible hose, a ?oat hav
to gyrate in the body with the axis of the stern being 25 ing an undersurface, an anchor on the hose, the ?oat hav
inclined with respect to the axis of the outlet opening,
ing an opening extending therethrough, one end of the
?uid passage means formed in the body ‘for imparting
hose being connected to the ?oat and leading from the
rotary motion to ?uid in the body cavity thereby to rotate
undersurface of the ?oat to provide for ?ow of water from
the stem on its axis, the stem having a ?uid inlet opening
the hose and through the ?oat opening, a water discharge
formed therein proximate its inner end, the outer end of 30 device secured in the upper end of the ?oat opening, said
the stem having a ?uid outlet passage formed therein,
said outlet passage being directed generally axially of the
stem and having an outlet end opening eccentric of the
axis of rotation of the stem for sending a stream of water
discharge device having an upwardly disposed discharge
opening formed therein, a rotatable stem extending
through said discharge opening and having an outer end
and an inner end, means on the stem for maintaining the
outwardly from the device.
35 stem against outward removal through the discharge open
2. A water fountain comprising a body having an up
ing, means operatively associated with the stem for im
per end and a lower end and inside walls de?ning a cavity
parting rotation to the stem, the stem having an inlet
extending in the body, the cavity being open in the upper
opening disposed within the ?oat opening, the stem hav
end of the body thereby to de?ne a ?uid outlet opening,
ing an outlet passage formed in the outer end thereof
an elongated tubular stem having a lower end and an 40 and with the outlet end of said passage being eccentric
upper end, the stem being disposed longitudinally in the
of the axis of rotation of the stem for sending out a
cavity with the upper end of the stem extending upwardly
central stream of water substantially vertically from the
beyond the outlet opening, the stem having a diameter
?oat, the stem having a head on its outer end for de?ect
appreciably smaller than said outlet opening, means on
ing water from said discharge opening slightly radially
the stem engageable with the body to maintain the stern 45 outwardly around said central stream.
against being driven out through the outlet opening, the
stem being rotatable on its axis and adapted to gyrate in
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
the body with the axis of the stem being inclined with
UNITED STATES PATENTS
respect to the axis of the outlet opening, ?uid passage
means formed in the body for imparting rotary motion 60 1,279,233
Bockmier ____________ __ Sept. 17, 1918
to ?uid in the body cavity thereby to rotate the stem on
its axis, the stem having a ?uid inlet opening formed
therein proximate its lower end, the upper end of the
stem having a ?uid outlet passage formed therein, said
2,248,386
Richardson ___________ __ July 8, 1941
2,524,956
Brunetti _____________ __ Oct. 10, 1950
2,539,793
2,639,191
Pangborn ____________ __ Ian. 30, 1951
Hruby ______________ __ May 19, 1953
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