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Патент USA US3030727

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April 24, 1962
A. B. LEWIS
3,030,717
MEANS FOR HINGING AND LATCHING BOTH ENDS OF A GATE
Filled May 27, 1959
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Albert B. Laws
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INVENTOR
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3,630,717.
Patented Apr.‘ 24, 1962
2
1
5) is made of an eye 34 together with a hinge pin 36
loosely ?tting in the eye. The hinge pin 36 has an up
right spindle part and a transverse part 38 welded or
otherwise secured to the side 26 of the gate. Eye 34
3,030,717
MEANS FOR HINGING AND LATCHING BQTH
END§ OF A GATE
Albert 13. Lewis, Rte. 3, McAlestenOlcla, assignor of one
half to William S. Horton, McAlester, Okla.
can be made of numerous con?gurations, one of which
is to have some substantial depth. Further, although
eye 34 is shown welded to post 12, it is evident that wood
Filed May 27, 1959, Ser. No. 816,120
6 Claims. (Cl. 39-76)
en posts will require a bolt, screw, clamp or some other
type of construction.
to gates capable of being opened from either end thereof. 10 All of the hinge pins extend upwardly from the shank
portions thereof and enter each of the eyes from below
An object of the invention is to provide a mechanical
so that the gate may be lowered (FIGURE 3) during
ly simpli?ed, satisfactorily and smoothly operative gate
the operation thereof.
for any opening, wherein the gate may be opened from
Gate 13 is maintained erect in the gate opening 16 by
either end thereof depending on the prerogative and de
sires of the user.
15 identical levers 42 and 44. Typical lever 42. (FIGURE
This invention relates to gates and more particularly
A gate in accordance with this invention has an iden
tical assembly at each side thereof. The assemblies are
so constructed that a single operation of one lever is all
that is required to release a selected end of the gate so
that it may he swung to an open position. The mechani 20
cal simplicity achieved by this arrangement makes it pos
sible to produce gates equipped with these assemblies or
4) has a lever arm 46 and an essentially U-shaped yoke
48 at its lower end. Transverse pivot pin 50 extends
through alined apertures at the knee of the yoke junc
ture with lever arm 46, and the pivot pin is engaged in
an opening in side 2% of the gate. A short downturned
stop 52 extends downwardly from the lower surface of
yoke 48 and is adapted to bear against the reaction
bracket 54 that is ‘?xed to fence post 12. The reaction
bracket is suitably secured to the post 112 and the means
minimum of expense and effort.
,
Brie?y, a typical assembly is made only of one lever, 2 C31 for attaching the bracket will vary in accordance with
the construction and type of material used in the post 12.
a reaction bracket and a catch. The lever is pivoted on
A catch 6b is secured to the upper frame member of
the gate side while the reaction bracket is attached to
gate 18 and is adapted to releasably hold the lever 42
a fence post or the like. The catch holds the lever re
in a generally upright position. Catch 60 is made of a
leasably in such position that the hinges of the gate are
engaged. Accordingly, the gate will remain latched as 30 leaf spring having one end 62 welded or otherwise se
cured to the upper frame member of the gate and hav
long as the lever is held by the catch. As soon as the
ing a stop 64 at the opposite end. This stop may be
lever is released from the catch, requiring only a sim
formed by a right angular bend in the leaf spring that
ple lever movement, the hinges on one side only of the
makes up the catch 60. It is clearly evident that catch
gate become disengaged so that the gate may be swung
35 60 need not be made of spring metal and need not be
about the other hinges on the other side of the gate.
elongate as shown in FIGURE 2. A protuberance pro
There have been prior gates which are capable of
jecting from one face of the upper frame member of gate
opening and closing from either end. In all prior gates,
to convert existing gates to double opening gates with a
18 is all that is necessary since the catch serves a stop
however, the operating mechanism is complex, expensive
function by having the edge of arm 46 bear against it.
The weight of the gate acting through pivot 50 causes
the lever 42 to tend to rotate in a direction which brings
and very often such gates are not sightly nor satisfac
torily operative.
Accordingly, a further object of this
invention is to provide improvements of a substantial
nature in gates of the type which are capable of being
the edge of arm 46 ?rmly against catch 60 and this sup
opened from either end.
ports one-half the weight of the gate. The other half
of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter
described and claimed, reference being had to the ac
ver 42.
of the weight of the gate is supported by the lever 44
These together with other objects and advantages which
will become subsequently apparent reside in the details 45 which is identical in function ‘and construction to le—
In operation it is assumed that the gate is in the closed
numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
position (FIGURE 1) and a person wishes to use the
gate from one end thereof. The only thing that is re
in accordance with the invention and showing it in place
in a typical gate opening.
dotted line position in FIGURE 4) and the weight of the
gate will automatically swing it to the position shown
companying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like
FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of a gate constructed 50 quired is that the arm 46 be pulled slightly forward (see
on the right side of FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 2 is a top view on enlarged scale of the gate
in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary elevational view showing
one end of the gate prepared to be opened.
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the
side of the gate, to enable the gate to be so lowered.
This disengages the hinges along one side of the gate so
that it may be swung to an open or closed position with
line 4-4 of FIGURE 3. -
the remaining hinges engaged. Should it be desired to
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged vertical sectional view show
ing one of the gate hinges.
60 operate the gate from the other side thereof, the pro
V
In the accompanying drawings there is illustrated a
fence 10 having two fence posts 12 and I4 spaced from
each other to form a gate opening 16. The fence posts
and fence merely diagrammatically represent any open
ing which is to be controlled by a gate or other form of 65
closure.
At the same time one
end of the gate will lower, there being ample clearance
between the hinge pins and hinge eyes on the opposite
,
1
cedure is identical.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the
principles of the invention. Further, since numerous
modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those
skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention
to the exact construction and operation shown and de
scribed, and accordingly all suitable modi?cations and
equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope
spaced apart by means of intermediate gate structure 24
of the invention as claimed.
which is arbitrarily shown as frame members, although
What is claimed as new is as follows:
this type of construction may be considerably varied. 70
1. A gate adapted to be opened and closed from either
There are four hinges 26, 2.8, 30 and 32, each of which
end thereof, said gate including assemblies at the sides,
is constructed identically. Typical hinge 26 (FIGURE
Gate 18 has a pair of ends or sides 20 and 22 held
3,030,717
3
4
each assembly being identical and including a lever piv
rable with reference to each other, means carried by said
gate structure and said spaced structures for maintaining
said eyes and hinge pins engaged with each other and
for releasing the eyes and hinge pins from a selected side
of said gate while the other of the sides of said gate has
the hinges thereof remaining engaged whereby said gate
oted to one side of the gate, a catch engaged with a
part of said lever and holding said lever in one position,
a reaction bracket on adjacent gate opening-de?ning
structures which are ?xed with respect to the gate and
against which a part of the lever contacts to thereby
support the gate, and loose ?tting upper and lower hinge
may be opened from either side thereof, said means in
cluding a lever pivoted to one side of said gate interme
elements connected with the sides of the gate and the
diate the ends of said lever, one end of said lever con
adjacent structures in response to displacement of the 10 stituting a handle, a reaction bracket attached to one of
gate upon release of said lever from said catch.
said spaced structures and engaged by the opposite end
2. A gate adapted to be opened and closed from either
of said lever to permit displacement of said gate struc
means having hinge pins that are separable from hinge
end thereof, said gate including assemblies at the sides,
each assembly being identical and including a lever piv
oted to one side of the gate, a catch engaged with a part
of said lever and holding said lever in one position, a
reaction bracket on adjacent structures which are ?xed
with respect to the gate and against which a part of the
lever contacts to thereby support the gate, and loose ?t
ting upper and lower hinge means having hinge pins that
ture and thereby separate said hinge pins and eyes at
Said one side of the gate structure.
6. In a gate for a gate opening which is de?ned by a
pair of spaced structures, said gate comprising a gate
structure which has sides, hinges including eyes and hinge
pins connected between said spaced structures and said
sides of said gate, said hinge pins and eyes being sepa
rable with reference to each other, means carried by said
are separable from hinge elements connected with the
gate structure and said spaced structures for maintain
sides of the gate and the adjacent structures which de?ne
ing said eyes and hinge pins engaged With each other
the gate opening, said lever when released from said
and for releasing the eyes and hinge pins from a selected
catch being swingable to a position permitting one side
side of said gate While the other of the sides of said
of the gate to be lowered for separation of the hinge pins
gate has the hinges thereof remaining engaged to there
and elements on one side while the other side of the gate
by open said gate from either side thereof, said means
has the hinges maintaining the gate in a hinged orienta
including a lever pivoted to one side of said gate inter
tion and the other lever at least partially supporting the
mediate the ends of said lever, one end of said lever
weight of the gate whereby said gate may be swung.
constituting a handle, a reaction ‘bracket attached to one
3. The combination of claim 2, wherein said catch 30 of said spaced structures and engaged by the opposite
includes a projection against which one edge of said le
end of said lever to permit displacement of the gate
ver bears.
structure and separation of the hinge pins and eyes at
4. The gate of claim 2, wherein said lever is pivoted
said one side of the gate structure and a catch opera
to said side of said gate intermediate the ends of said
tively connected with the handle of said lever and main
lever, one end of said lever projecting laterally from a 35 taining said handle in a position at which said lever main
handle portion of said lever and adapted to bear against
tains the hinges adjacent thereto engaged.
said reaction bracket.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
5. In a gate for a gate opening which is de?ned by a
UNITED STATES PATENTS
pair of spaced structures, said gate comprising a gate
structure which has sides, hinges including eyes and hinge
pins connected between said spaced structures and said
sides of said gate, said hinge pins and eyes being sepa
795,539
1,059,415
2,603,895
Parmelee ____________ __ July 25, 1905
Waters et a1. ________ __ Apr. 22, 1913
Hardy ______________ __ July 22, 1952
w. .
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