Патент USA US3030727код для вставки
April 24, 1962 A. B. LEWIS 3,030,717 MEANS FOR HINGING AND LATCHING BOTH ENDS OF A GATE Filled May 27, 1959 F/'g. / i ii 1 l “.1 .i 2 >< > < *< > 4h < > ~( 2 E d) 1\\//\ /\ F/'g. 5 g5 ‘1/ />\ AWYAY/A . Albert B. Laws 34 / \V/<\\///! 20 INVENTOR in nited erases 3,630,717. Patented Apr.‘ 24, 1962 2 1 5) is made of an eye 34 together with a hinge pin 36 loosely ?tting in the eye. The hinge pin 36 has an up right spindle part and a transverse part 38 welded or otherwise secured to the side 26 of the gate. Eye 34 3,030,717 MEANS FOR HINGING AND LATCHING BQTH END§ OF A GATE Albert 13. Lewis, Rte. 3, McAlestenOlcla, assignor of one half to William S. Horton, McAlester, Okla. can be made of numerous con?gurations, one of which is to have some substantial depth. Further, although eye 34 is shown welded to post 12, it is evident that wood Filed May 27, 1959, Ser. No. 816,120 6 Claims. (Cl. 39-76) en posts will require a bolt, screw, clamp or some other type of construction. to gates capable of being opened from either end thereof. 10 All of the hinge pins extend upwardly from the shank portions thereof and enter each of the eyes from below An object of the invention is to provide a mechanical so that the gate may be lowered (FIGURE 3) during ly simpli?ed, satisfactorily and smoothly operative gate the operation thereof. for any opening, wherein the gate may be opened from Gate 13 is maintained erect in the gate opening 16 by either end thereof depending on the prerogative and de sires of the user. 15 identical levers 42 and 44. Typical lever 42. (FIGURE This invention relates to gates and more particularly A gate in accordance with this invention has an iden tical assembly at each side thereof. The assemblies are so constructed that a single operation of one lever is all that is required to release a selected end of the gate so that it may he swung to an open position. The mechani 20 cal simplicity achieved by this arrangement makes it pos sible to produce gates equipped with these assemblies or 4) has a lever arm 46 and an essentially U-shaped yoke 48 at its lower end. Transverse pivot pin 50 extends through alined apertures at the knee of the yoke junc ture with lever arm 46, and the pivot pin is engaged in an opening in side 2% of the gate. A short downturned stop 52 extends downwardly from the lower surface of yoke 48 and is adapted to bear against the reaction bracket 54 that is ‘?xed to fence post 12. The reaction bracket is suitably secured to the post 112 and the means minimum of expense and effort. , Brie?y, a typical assembly is made only of one lever, 2 C31 for attaching the bracket will vary in accordance with the construction and type of material used in the post 12. a reaction bracket and a catch. The lever is pivoted on A catch 6b is secured to the upper frame member of the gate side while the reaction bracket is attached to gate 18 and is adapted to releasably hold the lever 42 a fence post or the like. The catch holds the lever re in a generally upright position. Catch 60 is made of a leasably in such position that the hinges of the gate are engaged. Accordingly, the gate will remain latched as 30 leaf spring having one end 62 welded or otherwise se cured to the upper frame member of the gate and hav long as the lever is held by the catch. As soon as the ing a stop 64 at the opposite end. This stop may be lever is released from the catch, requiring only a sim formed by a right angular bend in the leaf spring that ple lever movement, the hinges on one side only of the makes up the catch 60. It is clearly evident that catch gate become disengaged so that the gate may be swung 35 60 need not be made of spring metal and need not be about the other hinges on the other side of the gate. elongate as shown in FIGURE 2. A protuberance pro There have been prior gates which are capable of jecting from one face of the upper frame member of gate opening and closing from either end. In all prior gates, to convert existing gates to double opening gates with a 18 is all that is necessary since the catch serves a stop however, the operating mechanism is complex, expensive function by having the edge of arm 46 bear against it. The weight of the gate acting through pivot 50 causes the lever 42 to tend to rotate in a direction which brings and very often such gates are not sightly nor satisfac torily operative. Accordingly, a further object of this invention is to provide improvements of a substantial nature in gates of the type which are capable of being the edge of arm 46 ?rmly against catch 60 and this sup opened from either end. ports one-half the weight of the gate. The other half of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the ac ver 42. of the weight of the gate is supported by the lever 44 These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details 45 which is identical in function ‘and construction to le— In operation it is assumed that the gate is in the closed numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which: position (FIGURE 1) and a person wishes to use the gate from one end thereof. The only thing that is re in accordance with the invention and showing it in place in a typical gate opening. dotted line position in FIGURE 4) and the weight of the gate will automatically swing it to the position shown companying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of a gate constructed 50 quired is that the arm 46 be pulled slightly forward (see on the right side of FIGURE 3. FIGURE 2 is a top view on enlarged scale of the gate in FIGURE 1. FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary elevational view showing one end of the gate prepared to be opened. FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the side of the gate, to enable the gate to be so lowered. This disengages the hinges along one side of the gate so that it may be swung to an open or closed position with line 4-4 of FIGURE 3. - the remaining hinges engaged. Should it be desired to FIGURE 5 is an enlarged vertical sectional view show ing one of the gate hinges. 60 operate the gate from the other side thereof, the pro V In the accompanying drawings there is illustrated a fence 10 having two fence posts 12 and I4 spaced from each other to form a gate opening 16. The fence posts and fence merely diagrammatically represent any open ing which is to be controlled by a gate or other form of 65 closure. At the same time one end of the gate will lower, there being ample clearance between the hinge pins and hinge eyes on the opposite , 1 cedure is identical. The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and de scribed, and accordingly all suitable modi?cations and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope spaced apart by means of intermediate gate structure 24 of the invention as claimed. which is arbitrarily shown as frame members, although What is claimed as new is as follows: this type of construction may be considerably varied. 70 1. A gate adapted to be opened and closed from either There are four hinges 26, 2.8, 30 and 32, each of which end thereof, said gate including assemblies at the sides, is constructed identically. Typical hinge 26 (FIGURE Gate 18 has a pair of ends or sides 20 and 22 held 3,030,717 3 4 each assembly being identical and including a lever piv rable with reference to each other, means carried by said gate structure and said spaced structures for maintaining said eyes and hinge pins engaged with each other and for releasing the eyes and hinge pins from a selected side of said gate while the other of the sides of said gate has the hinges thereof remaining engaged whereby said gate oted to one side of the gate, a catch engaged with a part of said lever and holding said lever in one position, a reaction bracket on adjacent gate opening-de?ning structures which are ?xed with respect to the gate and against which a part of the lever contacts to thereby support the gate, and loose ?tting upper and lower hinge may be opened from either side thereof, said means in cluding a lever pivoted to one side of said gate interme elements connected with the sides of the gate and the diate the ends of said lever, one end of said lever con adjacent structures in response to displacement of the 10 stituting a handle, a reaction bracket attached to one of gate upon release of said lever from said catch. said spaced structures and engaged by the opposite end 2. A gate adapted to be opened and closed from either of said lever to permit displacement of said gate struc means having hinge pins that are separable from hinge end thereof, said gate including assemblies at the sides, each assembly being identical and including a lever piv oted to one side of the gate, a catch engaged with a part of said lever and holding said lever in one position, a reaction bracket on adjacent structures which are ?xed with respect to the gate and against which a part of the lever contacts to thereby support the gate, and loose ?t ting upper and lower hinge means having hinge pins that ture and thereby separate said hinge pins and eyes at Said one side of the gate structure. 6. In a gate for a gate opening which is de?ned by a pair of spaced structures, said gate comprising a gate structure which has sides, hinges including eyes and hinge pins connected between said spaced structures and said sides of said gate, said hinge pins and eyes being sepa rable with reference to each other, means carried by said are separable from hinge elements connected with the gate structure and said spaced structures for maintain sides of the gate and the adjacent structures which de?ne ing said eyes and hinge pins engaged With each other the gate opening, said lever when released from said and for releasing the eyes and hinge pins from a selected catch being swingable to a position permitting one side side of said gate While the other of the sides of said of the gate to be lowered for separation of the hinge pins gate has the hinges thereof remaining engaged to there and elements on one side while the other side of the gate by open said gate from either side thereof, said means has the hinges maintaining the gate in a hinged orienta including a lever pivoted to one side of said gate inter tion and the other lever at least partially supporting the mediate the ends of said lever, one end of said lever weight of the gate whereby said gate may be swung. constituting a handle, a reaction ‘bracket attached to one 3. The combination of claim 2, wherein said catch 30 of said spaced structures and engaged by the opposite includes a projection against which one edge of said le end of said lever to permit displacement of the gate ver bears. structure and separation of the hinge pins and eyes at 4. The gate of claim 2, wherein said lever is pivoted said one side of the gate structure and a catch opera to said side of said gate intermediate the ends of said tively connected with the handle of said lever and main lever, one end of said lever projecting laterally from a 35 taining said handle in a position at which said lever main handle portion of said lever and adapted to bear against tains the hinges adjacent thereto engaged. said reaction bracket. References Cited in the ?le of this patent 5. In a gate for a gate opening which is de?ned by a UNITED STATES PATENTS pair of spaced structures, said gate comprising a gate structure which has sides, hinges including eyes and hinge pins connected between said spaced structures and said sides of said gate, said hinge pins and eyes being sepa 795,539 1,059,415 2,603,895 Parmelee ____________ __ July 25, 1905 Waters et a1. ________ __ Apr. 22, 1913 Hardy ______________ __ July 22, 1952 w. .