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Патент USA US3031238

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April 24, 1962
Filed Sept. 16, 1959
2 Sheets—Sheet 1
April 24, 1962
Filed Sept. 16, 1959
2 sneaks-sheet 2
' Patented Apr. 24, 19%2
Fred Tydor, New Bedford, Mass, assignor to Salmanson
is in its lower portion with its front foot on the ground.
This is the normal condition.
FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1, but the levers or
& Co., Inc, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New
Filed Sept. 16, 1959, Ser. No. 842,545
4 Claims. (Cl. 297-323)
bell-cranks as I call them here, have been shifted so that
the seat member has been swung to contour chair posi
tion with said front foot off the ground.
FIG. 3 is a perspective View of the back frame and its
associated arm rests. Portions of the rack plates which
The present invention relates to chaises and lounges
are slidably associated with said arm rests, are also shown
10 in this view.
and is applicable to those which are foldable or not fold
An item of this class includes a ‘body-supporting mem
ber extending forwardly from a chair structure of which
1t is the seat. Such forwardly extending seat member
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the seat frame.
:FIG. 5 is an enlarged face view of one of the rack
plates which is part of the mechanism to adjust the tilt
of the back member in relation to the seat member.
has a leg structure at its forward end and the chair has its 15
FIG. 6, drawn to the same scale as FIG. 5, shows the
usual back member and legs. I prefer that this seat mem
front end view of the arm rest nearest the observer of
ber have an upward bend across it, forwardly of the chair
FIG. 3.
because I intend to raise the forward end of the seat
FIG. 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary perspective view of
upwardly to have the item serve as a contour chair, a
the means for tilting the seat member without any sub
term it is commonly called when the seat is in such 20 stantial change in the set angle between the back and
raised position.
seat members.
An object of this invention is to provide a novel and
improved item of furniture of the class mentioned, in
In the drawings showing a preferred embodiment of
this invention, the foldability of the chaise or lounge in
which the tilt of the back member in relation to the seat
dicated generally by the numeral 15 shall be disregarded
member can be adjusted and the set angle of such tilt 25 and this item of furniture shall be considered only in its
be maintained whether the forward end of the seat mem
use positions and condition illustrated in the FIGS. 1
ber is in its lowered or raised position.
and 2, where the frame structure comprising the legs 16,
A further object thereof is to provide a novel and im
17 and their connecting brace it; are rigid and swing
proved item of furniture of the character described, in
ably support the seat member 19‘ for movement about the
which the user while resting thereon, can easily alter the 30 axis 2%. Near the back of the seat member are the op
position of the seat member and of the back member. A
posite securely attached upwardly extending lugs 21 to
change of tilt of the ‘back member will not alter the posi
which the lower end of the back member 22 is swing
tion of the seat member and a change of position of the
ably secured for movement about the axis 23. The arm
seat member will not alter the angular relation of said two
rests ‘24 at their rear ends are swingably attached to the
back member for movement about the axis 25. There is
A further object thereof is to provide an article of furni
usually a leg 26 at the front end of the seat member 19.
ture of the class set forth with the mentioned features,
On each of the lugs 21, at 4-1, there is a pivotally mounted
which is of simple construction, reasonable in cost to
bell-crank 27, having the forwardly extending handle arm
manufacture, easy to use and efficient in carrying out the
28. This bell-crank shape is used to provide a mount for
purposes for which it is designed.
40 the stop pin 29‘ which is against the forward longitudinal
Further objects and advantages will become apparent as
edge of a substantially upright link 35}; said link being
this disclosure proceeds.
rather short in length, and pivoted at its ends to the rigid
For the practice of this invention, one form it may as
frame structure at 31 on leg 16 and at 32 on the rearward
sume is to have an arm chair structure whose seat mem
part of the bell-crank or lever 27.
ber extends substantially forwardly therefrom so that the
It is evident that upon any change in the distance be
item is a lounge. The forward end of this seat member is
tween the pivotal connections 25 and 33, the back mem
provided with a leg and said seat member is pivotally
ber 22 will be shifted to change the angle it makes with
mounted on the chair legs. The rear ends of the arm
the seat member 19. Many arrrangements are employ
rests are pivotally secured to the back member. At their
able for this purpose, but I have shown one which I have
forward ends, the arm rests and the chair leg structure 50 designed, namely, the arm rest 24 presents an inverted
are associated with means affording adjustment of the
channel 34 in which is a slidably ?tted toothed plate 35
tilt of the back member in relation to the seat member;
whose downwardly forward tab 35' is pivotally mounted
said back member at its lower end, ‘being pivotally secured
at 33 to the leg 17. A pin 36, extending through plate
to the seat member. At each side of the chair, a hand
35 beyond both faces, rides and is turnable in the opposite
operated bell crank is pivotally mounted on the seat mem 55 longitudinal grooves 37 which are along the opposite
ber, at a region near the pivotal connection of the back
inner walls of said channel 34. A pin 38 which is through
member; the handle part of said bell crank being its
the slot‘ 39 in said plate 35, is secured to the arm rest 24-,
forwardly extending arm. A comparatively short link is
and said arm rest can be manipulated so that said pin 38
pivotally joined at its ends to the other arm of the bell
engages any one of the teeth 40. Changing the position
crank and to the leg structure of the chair. There is a
of said pin 38 along the slot 39, will move the back
stop pin on the bell crank against said link’s forward
member 22 to change the angle it makes with the seat
longitudinal edge; the position of said link being here up
right. When the forward end of the bell crank is swung
upwardly, the seat member will be swung upwardly at its
member 19, and such change is independent of the posi
tion of the seat member in relation to the ground.
To bring down the rearward end of the seat member
forward end to a position where the item is a contour 65
19 to accomplish the condition shown in FIG. 2, the lever
chair. The construction at each side of the chair is iden
27 is swung counter-clockwise in FIG. 7 or FIG. 1, to
the position shown in FIG. 2. This can be done, up and
In the accompanying drawings forming part of this
back, by the person resting on the lounge.
speci?cation, similar characters of reference indicate cor
This invention is applicable to chair-like structures gen
responding parts in all the views.
70 erally, though its preferred use is for the chaise or lounge
FIG. 1 is a side view of a chaise or lounge embodying
type illustrated.
the teachings of this invention. Here the seat member
This invention is capable of numerous forms and vari
ous applications without departing from the essential fea
tures herein disclosed. It is therefore intended and de
rearward portion downward, the seat member will be
shifted so that its rear end is lowered and its front end is
sired that the embodiment shown herein be deemed mere
raised; the set angular relation between the seat and back
members remaining substantially constant at all times.
ly illustrative and not restrictive and that the patent shall
cover all patentable novelty herein set forth; reference
being had to the following claims rather than to the speci
?c description herein to indicate the scope of this inven
is positioned substantially upright when the rearward por
I claim:
1. In a chair, chaise or lounge structure, a seat member,
a back member swingably mounted near its lower end on
said seat member; said seat member being swingably
mounted between the front and rear ends thereof, at a
region of said structure forward of the back member, an
arm rest pivotally mounted at its rear end to the back
member, a support on said structure adjacent the arm
rest forward of said rear pivotal connection of the arm
rest, co-operating means on said support and arm rest to
adjust the distance between said pivotal connection and
said support whereby the angle the back member makes
with the seat member is changed, a lever pivotally
mounted intermediate its ends to the seat structure at the
region of the pivotal connection of the back member
to the ‘seat member; said lever having a portion thereof
2. An article as set forth in claim 1, wherein said link
tion of said lever is in its raised position.
3. An article as de?ned in claim 1, wherein the seat
member extends substantially forward of its pivotal con
nection and is provided with a foot at its forward region,
resting on the ground when the rearward portion of said
lever is in its raised position.
4. An article as de?ned in claim 1, wherein the rear
wardly extending portion of the lever has a laterally ex
tending pin; said pin being in contact with the forward
longitudinal edge of said link when the rearward portion
of the lever is in its raised position.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
extending rearwardly of its pivotal connection to the
seat member and a link pivotally joined at its ends to
said rearward portion of the lever and to said structure
respectively, whereupon turning said lever to move its
Grotenhauis __________ .. Mar. 14,
Bebry ________________ __ Dec. 2,
Neunherz ____________ __ Apr. 21,
Thomas ______________ __ Jan. 12,
Germany ____________ __ May 27, 1940
Great Britain _________ __ May 10, 1960
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