close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US3031355

код для вставки
April 24, 1962
A. H. ESCHENFELDER 7
3,031,341
HIGH DENSITY MAGNETIC RECORDING TAPE
’
Filed Jan. 23, 1958
00 Fe
X
O
3-X
RESINOUS
BINDER
MAGNETIC
COATING
NON — MAGNETIC
BACKING
IN VENTOR
ANDREW H. ESCHENFELDER
“MM
AGENT
w
United States Patent
1
3,031,341
3,031,341
Patented Apr. 24, 1952
2
7
..
existing magnetic tapes, comprises using cobalt iron fer
rites of the general formula CoxFe3_xO4 where x ranges
HIGH DENSITY MAGNETIC RECORDING TAPE
Andrew H. Eschenfelder,Poughkeepsie, N.Y,,- assignor
to International Business Machines Corporation, New
from about 0.04 to 1 as the magnetic material in said
Filed Jan. 23, 1958, Ser. No.,.710,600
4 Claims. (Cl. 117-1383)
ticles of cobalt oxidepand magnetite in predetermined
proportions, sinteringrat elevated temperatures in air, in
the order of 100,0-v-1500° C., subsequently grinding the
York, N.Y., a corporation of New York
tapes. Accordingly, magnetic tapes with these materials
were prepared by forming a mixture of ?nely ground par
This invention relates to new and improved magnetic
,sintered mass to fine particles of‘ about one micron, mix
record members. More particularly, it relates to the use 10 ing with‘a binder, such as polyvinyl chloride, grinding for
of magnetic ferrite compounds as the magnetic material
14 days in a ball mill or 48 hours in an attritor, and coat
in said members.
ing onto ‘a backing material, such as mylar ?lm having a
As is well known in the art, magnetic oxides of'iron,
such as magnetite, Fe3O4, or gamma ferric oxide, 'y-Fezoa,
present in a state of subdivision of the order of one mi
cron, have been used extensively in magnetic record mem—
bers such as magnetic tapes. Magnetic tapes prepared
using these compounds show a marked decline in signal
thickness of about 11/2 mils. Different binders and back
ings may be used according to the procedures described
15 in a copending application Serial No. 703,751, ?led De
cember 19, 1957, now Patent No. 2,989,415, which is
assigned to the assignee of this application.
In the drawing there is shown a cross section of a
output response at high values of frequency or bit density.
piece of magnetic tape. On the non-magnetic backing is
The observed fall-o? becomes appreciable at densities 20 the magnetic coating comprising ?ne particles of
greater than about 1,600 bits per inch. This variation in
C0xFe3_xOX
signal output with bit density has been found to limit the
and a resinous binder.
useful range of operation of magnetic tapes as memory
storage elements in computers and other data handling
Example 1
25
mechanisms.
Following the general procedure described above, a
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide
magnetic tape having a coating thickness of 0.13 mil was
magnetic materials which have more desirable magnetic
fabricated using Co,15Fe2_85O4 as the magnetic material.
properties for use in magnetic record members.
A frequency response characteristic curve run at saturat
A further object of this inventoin is to provide a mag
netic recording tape which exhibits a relatively constant 30 ing current showed a decline in signal output voltage
from 12.0 to 10.5 millivolts over the range of 200 to
signal output over a wide range of bit densities.
3,000 hits per inch, a variation of only 12.5%. At 2,600
Another object is to provide a new and improved mag
hits per inch, the drop-off was only 10%. A similarly
netic record member.
prepared tape of the same thickness using Fe3O4 as the
Other objectives will be pointed out in the following
magnetic constituent gave a drop-off in signal output over
description and claims which disclose, by way of example,
the same range of 24.6%, or 12.4% more than the cor
the principle of invention and the best manner which has
been contemplated of applying that principle.
The drop-off in output signal with increasing bit density
responding cobalt-iron ferrite containing magnetic tape.
desired magnetic properties leading to high coercive forces
a uniform dispersion of ?ne magnetic particles in a resin
The 10% drop-off point occurred at 2,000 bits per inch.
in magnetic tapes may be ascribed to a decrease in rema
Example I]
nent induction caused by a “shearing” effect. Each bit 40.
A
magnetic
tape
having
a coating thickness of 0.33
on a tape of thickness 1‘ can be regarded as a prolate ellip
mil was prepared using Co0,15Fe2_85O4 as the magnetic
soid of axial ratio t/d, where d is the length of the bit.
constituent. A frequency response characteristic curve
The shape demagnetizing factor of a bit of this shape
was run at saturating current over the range from 200 to
depends on the length to width ratio and is proportional
to the square of this ratio over wide ranges, as shown in 45 3,000 bits per inch. The signal output voltage delivered
ranged from 16.0 to 9.0 millivolts, a variation of 43.8%.
Bozorth’s “'Ferromagnetism,” Van Nostrand and Co.
A
similarly prepared magnetic tape of the same thickness
(1951) on p. 849. The effective remanent induction is
using magnetite gave a drop-off in signal output from
given by the intersection of the shearing line (whose slope
17.0 to 6.0 millivolts over the same range, a decline of
is proportional to the demagnetizing factor) and the de
magnetizing portion of the hysteresis loop of the magnetic 50 65%.
While there have been shown and described and point
particles. The essential idea of this invention is to in
ed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as
crease the coercive force of the particles so that the slope
applied to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood
of the shearing line and therefore the bit density, can be
that various omissions and substitutions and changes in
increased for any given equivalent demagnetization. For
single-domain tape particles the rotational coercive force 55 the form and details of the device illustrated and in its
operation may be made by those skilled in the art with
is approximately determined by the ratio of twice the first
out departing from the spirit of the invention. ‘It is the
order anisotropy constant, 2K1, to the saturation mag
intention therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the
netization, Ms. Applicant has found that certain ferrite
scope of the following claims.
compounds exhibit a workable range of values of mag
netic properties, and in particular a higher coercive force, 60 What is claimed is:
1. A magnetic recording member having a substantially
for use in magnetic tapes. The substitution of even small
constant signal output at relatively high information bit
amounts of cobalt for iron in magnetite, for example, re
densities, comprising a non-magnetic backing and a mag
sults in a cobalt-iron ferrite having a higher coercive force
netic coating ?rmly attached thereto, said coating being
than magnetite itself. Other compounds which possess
are nickel ferrite NiFezF4, K1-=—6.2>< 104 ergs/cm.3 and
Ms=270 gausses at 300° K. and cobalt ferrite, CoFe2O4,
K1=+3.3><l06 and MS=400, and cobalt nickel ferrite,
ous binder material, said coating essentially of cobalt-iron
ferrite derived from magnetite within the composition
range COXFe3__xO4 where x ranges from 0.04 to 0.30.
2. A magnetic recording tape having a substantially
70 constant signal output at relatively high information bit
A preferred embodiment of this invention, according
densities comprising non-magnetic backing and a mag
to which substantial improvements have been made over
netic coating ?rmly attached thereto, said coating being
COxNi1_xF€2O4 .
3,031,341
3
a uniform dispersion of ?ne magnetic particles in a resin
ous binder material, said coating consisting essentially of
a cobalt-iron ferrite derived from magnetite having the
formula Co0_15Fe2_85O4.
3. A magnetic recording tape having a substantially
constant signal output at relatively high information bit
4
ing being a uniform dispersion of ?ne magnetic particles
in a resinous binder material, said coating consisting essen
tially of cobalt-iron ferrite derived from magnetite having
thG formula COOJ5FCZ3504
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
densities comprising non-magnetic backing and a mag
UNITED STATES PATENTS
netic coating ?rmly attached thereto, said coating being a
2,594,893
Faus _______________ __ Apr. 29, 1952
uniform dispersion of ?ne magnetic particles in a resin
Berge _______________ __ Oct. 20, 1953
ous binder material, said coating consisting essentially of 10 2,656,319
a cobalt-iron ferrite derived from magnetite having the
FOREIGN PATENTS
formula Co0_15Fe2_85O4, which is present in the state of
subdivision of the order of one micron.
4. A magnetic recording tape having substantially con
stant signal output characteristics in the range from 200 15
to 3,000 bits per inch at a coating thickness of less than
0.2 mil, comprising a thin ?exible non-magnetic backing
and a magnetic coating ?rmly vattached thereto, said coat
644,639
Great Britain ________ __ Oct. 18, 1950
510,462
Belgium ____________ __ Apr. 30, 1952
679,453
717,269
721,630
752,156
Great
Great
Great
Great
Britain
Britain
Britain
Britain
________ __ Sept. 17,
________ __ Oct. 27,
_________ __ Ian. 12,
_________ __ July 4,
1952
1954
1955
1956
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
246 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа