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Патент USA US3031683

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May 1, 1962
s. R. KOROLICK
3,031,673
DRAFT BARS FOR HELMET HOODS
Filed Nov. 8, 1960
N,1;
INVENTOR
Samuel RKoroZz'c/L/
ATTORNEY
" ‘ he
1
3,931,673
Patented May 1, I962
2
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view
3,031,673
DRAFT BAR§ FUR HELMET HOODS
gamuel R. Koroiick, Southlboro, Mass, assignor to the
illustrating a second species of the invention, the parts
being shown in the operative positions; and
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view
taken substantially on the plane of the line 6-—6 of
FIGURE 5.
Filed Nov. 8, 1960, Ser. No. 68,133
Referring speci?cally to the drawing, wherein like refer~
9 Claims. (Cl. 2——3)
ence characters designate like parts in all views, and
(Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), see. 266)
referring at first to the species of invention shown in
The invention described herein, if patented, may be 10 FIGURES 1-4, It? designates generally any suitable pro
manufactured and used by or for the Government for
tective helmet or the like which includes a brim 11
governmental purposes, without the payment to me of
which is laterally spaced from the head of a wearer and
any royalty thereon.
.
a suitable head band 12 which is radially inwardly spaced
The invention relates to hoods for protective helmets
from the helmet shell 10 by any suitable suspension 13
or the like which include a brim extending laterally out
such as that disclosed in Riddell Patent No. 2,250,275.
wardly of the head of a wearer and/or which include
The hood according to the species of invention of
United States of America as represented by the Secre
tary of the Army
head suspension means such as a head band which is
disposed in radially inwardly spaced relation to the helmet
FIGURES 14 is generally indicated at 14 and com
prises a helmet covering crown portion 15' and a curtain
shell. Such helmets are uncomfortable in cold weather
16 depending therefrom. Curtain 16 includes front edges
because cold air enters freely between the head band 20 17 which de?ne the opposite sides of a front or face
and the shell. Many efforts have been made to cure this
opening. At the front the lower ends of the edges 17
objectionable feature and such e?orts include skull caps
are formed to provide tabs 18, 18 which may be over
to be Worn beneath the helmet as well as hoods to cover
lapped beneath the chin of a wearer, FIGURE 2, and
the helmet. The former are ineffective to prevent the
there secured by any suitable separable fastener means
entry of cold air while the latter are necessarily spaced 25 19. As best seen in FIGURE 3, when a helmet cover
from the wearer’s cheek at the sides of the face opening
or hood such as has been described so far is secured
by the brim of the helmet whereby to permit entry of
in place air spaces 26, 2d are formed below the brim
air to the helmet interior. The patent to De Grazia, No.
11 outwardly of both checks of a wearer. Likewise, air
2,870,452, is an example of an improved hood which
so entering is free to ?ow over the wearer’s head through
attempts to solve the problem but that device falls short 30 the space 21 between the head band 12 and shell 10‘,
of the results achieved by the present invention.
With the foregoing in view, it is an object of the in
vention to provide an improved hood of the class de—
see the directional arrows in FIGURE 3.
To prevent, or at least substantially retard such flow
of air, there has been provided two anti'draft cushions
scribed.
22 which are of elongated configuration and which are
A further obiect is to provide such an improved hood 35 formed of any suitable soft insulating material such as
which includes anti-draft cushions which are movable
fabric covered foam rubber, kapok, ?eece, down, any
from operative positions wherein they bar the entry of
suitable plastic material, or any other suitable material.
drafts to the helmet interior to inoperative positions
The cushions 22 are hingedly secured to the front edges
wherein entry of drafts is permitted.
17 of the curtain 16 by any suitable hinge means such
A further object is to provide such an improved hood 40 as substantially vertical rows of stitching. Cushions 22
which includes means for selectively blocking the entry
include free upper ends 23 which terminate in tips or
of drafts not only in the areas between the hood and the
extensions 24 which extend laterally inwardly in opposite
cheeks of a wearer but also in at least the frontal portion
directions when the cushions are in the operative posi
of the space between the head band and the helmet 45 tions of FIGURES 2 and 4. As there shown, such ex
shell.
tensions cross or overlap each other in the space 21
Other objects and advantages reside in the particular
between the head band 12 and shell 10 so as to at least
substantially ?ll that portion of such space 21 which
structure of the invention, the structure of the several
elements of the same, combinations and subcombinations
overlies the face opening. Also, the hinged portion of
of such elements with each other and/or with a helmet 50 the cushions 22 and the lower portions of the free upper
or the like, all of which will be readily apparent to
ends 23 ?ll the air spaces 20 whereby to effectively bar
those skilled in the art upon reference to the drawing
the entry of drafts at all points around the face opening.
which illustrates two species of the invention as well
Cushions 22 may also have free lower ends 25 which
as to the following speci?cation wherein the invention is
are preferably tapered to enhance the seal around the
described and claimed.
55 chin when tabs 18 are secured together.
In the drawing:
When the cushions 2.2 are not needed, they may be
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view showing one
swung to inoperative positions outwardly of the spaces
species of the invention, the anti-draft means being shown
29, 21 as shown in full lines in FIGURE 1. Preferably,
in two inoperative positions;
the curtain 16 in at least the region of each of the front
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view, the 60 edges 17 is formed with an inner ply 26 which is not
parts being shown in the operative position;
FIGURE 3 is a view like FIGURE 2 but showing the
anti-draft means in a stored inoperative position;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view
taken substantially on the plane of the line 4—4 of 65
FIGURE 2;
connected to the associated front edge 17 whereby to pro
vide a forwardly openings pocket into which the cushion
22. is received to comprise the stored inoperative position,
as shown in broken lines in FIGURE 1 as well as in
FIGURE 3. When so disposed, the air spaces 20, 21
are fully open and free circulation of air into the helmet
3,031,673
10 is permitted. At the same time, the cushions 22 may
be readily swung into operative positions on short notice.
In the species of FIGURES 5 and 6, the structure is
identical to that described with respect to FIGURES 1-4
except for the shape of the cushions. Here, the cushions
32 are hinged to the front edges of either the curtain 16
or the inner ply 26, preferably the latter for movement
to and from the operative positions. However, these cush
spaces, anti-draft cushions carried by said edges of said
hood, said cushions being movable from inoperative posi
tions outwardly of said air spaces to operative positions
ions 32 do not have any lateral extensions as those 24
within the same wherein said air spaces are at least
de?ning opposite sides of a face opening, said edges
crossing said brim and extending therebelow substantial
distances on opposite sides thereof, said edges in at least
the areas immediately below said brim being disposed
laterally outwardly of a wearer’s cheeks to provide air‘
on their free upper ends 33‘. Cushions 32 have tapered 10 substantially closed, said cushions including free upper
free lower ends 35 which function like their counterparts
ends, and said f ~ee upper ends being formed to extend
25 in the ?rst described species. Thus, the cushions 32
into said helmet and have a friction ?t between said helmet
?ll only the laterally disposed air spaces 26 and do not
and said head band when said cushions are in said opera
close that portion of the space 21 which overlies the
tive positions.
face opening. Consequently, this species of the inven 15
5. In combination with a protective helmet’ or the like
having a substantially rigid brim disposed radially out
tion will not be as efficient as the ?rst described species
except for the closing of the spaces 20. As seen in
wardly of a wearer’s head and a head band disposed in
FIGURES 5 and 6, when cushions 32 are in the opera
radially inwardly spaced relation to said helmet; a fabric
hood comprising a helmet covering portion and a curtain
tive positions, the free upper ends 33 thereof extend up
wardly into the helmet and having a friction ?t in the
depending therefrom, said curtain having two front edges
spaces 21 between the head band 12 and shell in.
de?ning opposite sides of a face opening, said edges cross
While there has been shown and described what are
ing said brim and extending therebelow substantial dis
now thought to be the preferred embodiments of the in~
tances on opposite sides thereof, said edges in at least the
areas immediately below said brim being disposed lateral
vention, it should be understood that the same is sus
ceptible of still other forms and expressions. Conse
ly outwardly of a wearer’s cheeks to provide air spaces,
quently, the invention is not considered as being limited
to the precise structures shown and described hereinabove
except as hereinafter claimed.
Iclaim:
1. ‘In combination with a protective helmet or the like 30
anti-draft cushions carried by said edges of said hood, said
cushions being movable from inoperative positions out
wardly of said air spaces to operative positions within the
same wherein said air spaces are at least substantially
having a substantially rigid brim disposed radially out
closed, said cushions including free upper ends, and said
free upper ends extending upwardly into said helmet be
wardly of a wearer’s head; a fabric hood comprising a
tween the same and said head band, said upper ends in
helmet covering portion and a curtain depending there
cluding laterally inwardly directed extensions which cross
from, said curtain having two front edges de?ning op
between said head band and helmet when said cushions
posite sides of a face opening, said edges crossing said 35 are in said operative positions, whereby said cushions, free
brim and extending therebelow substantial distances on
ends and extensions thereof provide an anti-draft cushion
opposite sides thereof, said edges in at least the areas
extending substantially entirely around said face opening
immediately below said brim being disposed laterally
inwardly of said hood and helmet.
6. The combination with a protective helmet including
outwardly of a wearer’s checks to provide air spaces,
two anti-draft cushions, means swingably mounting said 40 a shell and head. suspension means providing a space be
cushions on said edges of said hood, and said cushions
tween the same and said shell; of a hood covering said
being swingable from inoperative positions outwardly of
helmet, said hood having a front opening defined by a
said air spaces to operative positions within the same
top edge portion overlying said helmet at the front thereof
wherein said air spaces are at least substantially closed.
and two depending side edge portions extending below
2. The combination of claim 1, wherein said cushions 45 said helmet laterally thereof to provide air spaces, anti
include free upper ends, said free upper ends extending
draft cushions carried by said side edge portions of said
upwardly into said helmet when said cushions are in
hood, said cushions including upper ends having laterally
said operative positions.
inwardly directed extensions, said cushions being movable
3. In combination with a protective helmet or the like
from operative positions in said air spaces and said space
having a substantially rigid brim disposed radially out~ 50 between said shell and suspension and inoperative posi
wardly of a wearer’s head and a head band disposed
tions outwardly of said shell, said extensions overlapping
in radially inwardly spaced relation to said helmet; a
in said operative positions to provide an inverted U-shaped
fabric hood comprising a helmet covering portion and
anti-draft means extending from said side portions of said
a curtain depending therefrom, said curtain having two
hood entirely across said front opening inwardly of said
front edges de?ning opposite sides of a face opening, 55 shell, and said hood including means for holding said
said edges crossing said brim and extending therebelow
cushions closely against the face of a wearer when said
substantial distances on opposite sides thereof, said edges
cushions are in said operative positions.
in at least the areas immediately below said brim being
7. The combination of claim 6, wherein said side edge
disposed laterally outwardly of a wearer’s cheeks to pro
portions of said hood are formed with pockets, and said
vide air spaces, two anti-draft cushions, substantially ver 60 cushions being inserted in said pockets when in said inop
tical hinge means hingedly connecting said cushions to
erative positions.
~
said edges of said hood, said cushions being swingable
from inoperative positions outwardly of said air spaces
8. The combination with a protective helmet or- the
like having a substantially rigid brim disposed radially
to operative positions within the same wherein said air
outwardly of a wearer’s head and a head band located in.
spaces are at least substantially closed, said cushions 65 radially inwardly spaced relation to said helmet; of a fab
including free upper ends, and said free upper ends ex
ric hood comprising a helmet covering portion and a cur
tending upwardly into'said helmet between the same and
tain depending therefrom, said curtain having two front
said head band when said cushions are inv said operative
edges de?ning opposite sides of a face opening, said edges
positions.
in at least the areas immediately below said brim being
4. In combination with a protective helmet or the like 70 disposed laterally outwardly of a wearer’s cheeks to de
having a substantially rigid brim disposed radially out
?ne air spaces, two anti-draft cushions, each cushion in
wardly of a wearer’s head and a head band disposed in
cluding a portion hingedly' secured to one of said front
radially inwardly spaced relation to said helmet; a fabric
edges on a substantially vertical axis, said cushions in
hood‘ comprising a helmet covering portion and a curtain
cluding free upper ends, said cushions being swingable
depending therefrom, said curtain having two front edges 75 from inoperative positions outwardly of said air spaces
3,031,673
5
6
to operative positions Within the same, said upper ends
extensions, and said extensions crossing each other he
of said cushions extending between said helmet and head
tween said helmet and head band when said cushions are
hand when in said operative positions, said curtain being
formed with pockets receiving said cushions when the
in said operative positions.
same are in said inoperative positions, and said curtain 5
including means for holding said cushions against a Wear-
Refel‘e?ces Ciged in the ?le of this Patent‘
UNITED STATES PATENTS
er’s cheeks.
9. The combination of claim 8, wherein said upper
ends of said cushions include laterally inwardly directed
.
2’376’345
2’839’757
Dalber """"""""" “ May 22’ 1945
Gianola """""""""" ‘“ June 24’ 1958
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