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Патент USA US3031692

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May 1, 1962
J. MlHALYl
3,031,682
BELT AND BUCKLE STRUCTURE
Filed Dec. 7, 1959
JOSEPH
M/HA L Y/
INVENTOR.
BY% 77%
AGE/VT
art
1
3,031,682
BELT AND BUCKLE STRUCTURE
Joseph Mihalyi, 76 Van Voorhis Drive, Rochester, N.Y.
Filed Dec. 7, 1959, Ser. No. 857,669
‘2 Claims. (Cl. 2=--322)
fire
3,031,632
Patented May 1, 1982
2
of the belt is held captive by the tongue, the loop is de
formed due to engagement of the aperture. by the tongue,
and when the free end is moved away from the tongue,
The present invention relates to a belt structure and
the return of the loop to its normal form causes the
tongue to be moved by the edge of the aperture away
from the free end of the belt.
These and other objects and advantages will be appar
to a combination of a novel belt structure with a buckle
ent to those skilled in the art by the description of an
of the type having spaced horizontal and vertical bars
with a tongue pivotally mounted on one of the vertical 10
bars.
A buckle having spaced horizontal and vertical bars
and a tongue pivotally connected to one of the vertical
bars is usually secured to a belt by a loop formed at one
embodiment of the invention which follows.
Reference is now made to the accompanying drawings
wherein like reference numerals designate like parts and
wherein:
FIG. 1 is an elevation view of a buckle and belt and
showing the relation of the aperture to the buckle tongue
end of the belt, the loop being provided with an aperture 15 and the securing loop in its normal position upon release
at the crest of the loop through which the tongue extends
thereof from the free end of the belt;
and which permits the tongue to be moved freely about
FIG. 2 is a side view, partially in section, of a buckle
the bar on which it is pivotally mounted. As is well
and belt showing the depression of the securing loop and
known, the other end of the belt is provided with spaced
the relation of the aperture to the pivotal axis of the
openings into any one of which the tongue is inserted to 20 buckle tongue when the free end of the belt is held in a
hold the free end in captive relation when it is passed
captive position by the tongue;
under the other vertical bar. The opposed forces exerted
FIG. 3 is a side view, partially in section, of the buckle
on the ends of the belt serve to retain the tongue in the
and belt shown in FIG. 2 and shows the relation of the
selected opening. Due to these forces, it is necessary
aperture to the pivotal axis of the tongue and the loop
to use both hands in releasing the tongue because the 25 when the free end is moved to a release position; and
tongue tends to fall or lay against the other vertical bar.
FiG. 4 is a side view, partially in section, of a buckle
As a result, it is practically impossible to fully release
and belt showing the relation of the aperture to the pivotal
the belt by merely moving the captive end of the belt
axis of the tongue as in the prior art.
away from the tongue.
With reference to FIG. 1, buckle 10 comprises spaced
In the present invention, the aperture in the belt 30 vertical bars 11 and 12, spaced horizontal bars 13 and
through which the tongue extends is displaced from the
14 and a tongue 15 which is pivotally mounted with re
crest of the loop and with respect to the pivotal axis of
spect to bar 11 by the formed over end 16 which encircles
the tongue so that as soon as the end of the belt beyond
the opening engaged by the tongue is pulled and folded
‘Ya-4
bar 11 in a well<known manner.
The length of tongue
15 is such that the end 17 overlies the bar 12. It is
back on itself, the position of the aperture causes the
evident that the shape and cross section of bars 11, 12,
tongue to be moved through approximately 180° to a
i3 and 14 can and do vary with different types or styles
position overlying the end of the belt secured to the
of buckles. However, the function in each instance is
buckle. With the tongue in this position, the free end
the same; namely, providing a portion to which one end
of the belt can be withdrawn from the buckle with no
of a belt is secured and retaining the other end of the
possibility of the tongue engaging one of the openings as
elt in captive relation thereto by means of tongue 15.
it is withdrawn.
Belt 20 can be of any material, such as leather, plastic,
This is accomplished by arranging the elongated aperé
reinforced cloth, etc., which has a certain amount of
ture in a longitudinal offset relation to the fastening means
rigidity or stiffness and resiliency for the purpose de
which forms the buckle-securing loop on one end of the
scribed hereinafter. One end 21 of belt 29 is provided
belt. In this way the aperture is also displaced with 45 with spaced fastening means, which in the disclosed em
respect to the pivotal axis of the tongue and the edge of
bodiment comprises two female snap fasteners 22 ar
the aperture toward the crest of the loop engages the
ranged in spaced relation longitudinally of the belt 20
tongue at a point beyond the pivotal axis thereof so
and two male snap fasteners 23 also arranged in spaced
that in :1 released position the tongue is always maintained
relation longitudinally of belt 2%} and spaced from the
50
in a position overlying the secured end of the belt. When
female fasteners. it is to be understood that a single
the free end of the belt is passed under the vertical bar
male and female fastener can be used, that two or more
and the tongue is moved into engagement with one of
snap fasteners can be used spaced either longitudinally
the openings in the free end, the tongue moves the aper
or transversely of belt Zil, or that a fastening means other
ture into a position over the pivotal axis by depressing the
than the one disclosed can be used, the primary requisite
loop. On release of the free end of the belt, the resili
being that when the fasteners are joined a loop 24 is then
formed.
ency of the loop and the relationship of the aperture to
the tongue causes the tongue to be moved to its position
Belt 2% is provided with an aperture 25 which is lo»
overlying the fastening means.
cated or arranged between the male and female fasteners
The primary object of the invention is, therefore, to
and in closer proximity to the male fasteners. Aperture
provide a belt and buckle structure which is readily capa 60 25 can be elongated in the longitudinal direction of the
belt, as shown in FIG. 1, or can be round or square.
ble of being released with one hand.
The end 30 of belt 20 is also provided with centrally ar
Another object of the invention is to provide an onset
ranged openings 31 which are spaced along the belt in a
relationship between the aperture in the secured end of
the belt and the tongue extending therethrough for nor 65 well-known manner to permit varying the encircling di
mension of the belt.
mally retaining the tongue in a position overlying the
In the prior art, as shown in FIG. 4, aperture 25’ is
secured end of the belt.
arranged midway of the fastening means so that when
Yet another object of the invention is to provide an
end 21 is passed around bar 11 with tongue 15 extending
aperture in the secured end of a belt for the tongue of a
through the aperture and the fasteners 22, 23 are joined
buckle, the aperture being arranged in such a position 70 to form loop 24', aperture 25' is sufficiently long so as
with respect to the buckle-securing loop that it is always
to permit the formed end 16 to extend therethrough as
in engagement with the tongue and when the free end
well as tongue 15. Since aperture 25’ then provides no
3,031,682
3
4
engagement with tongue 15, said tongue can be moved
freely about bar 11 from the position shown in FIG. 2
to that shown in FIGS. 1 and 3. in the present invention,
aperture 25 is preferably elongated, as shown in FIG. 1,
and is arranged in closer proximity to the male fasteners
23 so that it lies in the top plane or portion of loop 24,
as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, rather than at the crest of the
utilized in the same manner with a single displaced aper~
ture 25 or with a number of apertures corresponding to
the number of tongues. It will therefore be evident to
those skilled in the art that many modi?cations of the
disclosed embodiment ‘of the invention are possible with
out departing from the scope of the invention as de?ned
' loop 24 as in the prior art, see FIG. 4. As a result, the
Having now described my invention, what I desire to
by the appended claims.
secure by Letters Patent of the United States and what
edge of aperture 25 toward the loop engages tongue 15
,
above the formed end 16 to normally hold said tongue in 10 I claim is:
1. in combination with a buckle having spaced horizon
a position overlying the fastening means, as shown in
tal bars, spaced vertical bars and a tongue freely mounted
FIG. 3. When end 30 of belt 20 is passed under bar 12
with respect to the midpoint of one of said vertical bars,
for engagement by tongue 15, tongue 15 is moved toward
of a belt having one end folded back and secured to
bar 12 and into engagement with one of openings 31, end
34) being turned backward on itself, as shown in FIG. 3, 15 said belt to form a loop for receiving said one vertical
bar, the outer portion of said loop being provided with
to receive tongue 15 in the normal manner. As tongue
an aperture elongated in the longitudinal direction of
25 is moved toward bar 12, the portion thereof above
said belt and arranged centrally of the edges of said belt
the formed end 16 is still in engagement with the edge
between the crest of said loop and the point at which said
of aperture 25 and turns the loop 24 downwardly, as
one end is secured and through which the tongue of said
shown in FIG. 2, the engaging edge of aperture 25 re
maining in engagement with tongue 15. When end 30 is
held by tongue 15 in captive relation, the various parts
assume the relation shown in FIG. 2, end 30 being passed
over loop 24 and bar 11 and through an auxiliary loop
buckle extends, the edge of said aperture adjacent said
loop continuously engaging said tongue at a point beyond
the pivotal axis thereof for normally holding said tongue
in a position overlying the secured end of said belt, said
32 which can be held between fastening means 22 and 23, 25 tongue upon movement to an engaging position with re
spect to one of the openings in the other end of said belt
as shown in FIGS. 1—3, or secured to end 21 of belt 20
for holding said other end in captive relation moving
beyond the fastening means in any manner to hold the
said loop from its normal position to a depressed position,
end 30 in overlying relationship to end 21 as is customary
and said edge of said aperture being adapted to move said
and well known.
tongue from said engaging position to said normal posi
When end 30 is to be released from buckle 10, end 30
tion overlying said secured end with movement of said
is withdrawn from under loop 32 and folded back on
loop from said depressed position to said normal position
itself and at the same time a slight pull is exerted thereon
upon movement of the other end of said belt to a posi
to move the opening 31 engaged by tongue 15 slightly
tion for releasing said tongue.
beyond bar 12. With the end 3i} in this position, the
2. As an article of manufacture, a ‘belt having a ?rst
resiliency of the belt material causes the deformed loop 35
fastening means adjacent one end thereof and a'seco'nd
24 to seek its original position and, because the edge of
fastening means for engaging said ?rst fastening means
aperture ‘25 is always in engagement with tongue 15,
and spaced therefrom toward the other end of said belt
tongue 15 is moved out of the opening 31 and into its
by a distance su?icient to provide a loop at said one
normal position in which it overlies fastening means 22
and 23, as shown in FIG. 3, as loop ‘24 returns or seeks 40 end of said belt for retaining a buckle when said fastening
means are joined, said belt being provided with a longi
its original position. The location of aperture '25 with
tudinally elongated aperture for receiving the tongue of
respect to tongue 15 therefore eliminates the necessity
for the wearer to use one hand for holding end 30 in a
said buckle, said aperture being arranged centrally of the
releasing position and the other hand to release tongue
edges of said belt and between said fastening means in
15 from the engaged opening 31. In other words, the 45 close proximity to said second fastening means and being
relationship of aperture 25 to tongue 15 is such that one
located in the portion of said belt between said second
hand can be used to release end 36 without any possibility
fastening means and the crest of the loop formed when
of tongue 15 falling or lying against end 30 to enter an
said fastening means are joined, whereby the edge of said
other opening 31 upon release of end 30 since loop 24
aperture adjacent said second fastening means engages
automatically returns tongue 15 to the position shown in 50 and holds said tongue in a position overlying said fasten~
FIGS. 1 and 3. The above-described structure lends itself
ing means.
very readily to other applications than apparel belts, such
as safety belts for automobiles, since the onehand release
feature now possible with this type of belt and, buckle
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
structure was not heretofore possible due to the ever 55
UNITED STATES PATENTS
present possibility of tongue 15 re-entering one of open
in s 31.
gWhile the above described embodiment of the invention
has been disclosed with respect to a single tongue buckle,
it will be evident that multiple tongue buckles can be 60
600,331
1,394,552
2,269,329
2,718,043
Lanz ________________ .__ Mar. 8, 1898
Hoeschen ____________ __ Oct. 25, 1921
Wirth _________________ __ Ian. 6, 1942
Wallace _____________ __ Sept. 20, 1955
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