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Патент USA US3031881

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May 1, 1962
E. MARKUS-MARKUSH
3,031,870
CATALYTIC LIGHTER
Filed Aug. 75, 1961
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
ERNESTO MARKUS‘MARKUSH’
BY
ATTORNEY
May 1, 1962
E. MARKUS-MARKUSH
3,031,870
CATALYTIC LIGHTER
Filed Aug. 5, 1961
_
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
ERNESTO MARKUS'MARKUSH'
BY
ATTORNEY
_
lee
3,031,870
Patented May 1, 1962
i
2
3,031,870
The stopper 2%} has a cylindrical asbestos felt lining 24.
Registering holes 25, 26 are formed in the tubular portion
CATALYTKC LHGHTER
Ernesto Markus-Marlrush, 38 Bahnhofstrasse,
Zurich, Switzerland
Filed Aug. 3, 1961, Ser. No. 129,172
12 Claims. (Cl. 67-7)
18 and lining 24 at diametrally opposed positions; see
FIGS. 2, 3 and 5. The stopper has a generally spherical
top or head 28 which may contain a weight 30 for holding
the stopper in an inverted, stable position best shown in
FIG. 3.
Located in the head 28 is a mass 32 of ?brous
material, preferably of a non-in?ammable charactersuch
This invention concerns an improved catalytic lighter
as Fiberglas, rock wool, or asbestos. This material is con
of the type employing a catalyst to ignite fumes of a vola
tinuous
with the lining 24 and the lining extends to the
10
tile ?uid.
other open end of the stopper. The head can be grasped
According to the invention there is provided a con
tainer ?lled with a ?brous mass such as cotton or as
bestos saturated with a volatile ?uid such as alcohol,
butane or the like. A hollow stopper having an open
for removing the stopper from the container.
'
Removably and turnably inserted in the cylindrical
portion 18 is a generally rectangular frame 35; see FIGS.
This 15 2-6. This frame has notches 36 in its top edge 38 on
which are engaged wire loops 4d of a metal such as plati
stopper contains a lining of ?brous material such as as
num. Suspended from the loops within the frame are
bestos felt which soaks up and becomes saturated with
two apertured disks 44 of a catalyst such as spongy plati
the ?uid. A compartment may be provided in the con~
mouth is inserted into the neck of the container.
tainer to hold moisture absorbent crystals such as silica
num.
Secured between the disks 44 and extensions 45
gel, calcium chloride or the like. These crystals will 20 formed at the lower edge 46 of the frame are two loops 43
of platinum wire. Extending outwardly from opposite
absorb moisture from the volatile ?uid to improve its
lateral edges 5d, 52 of the frame between top and bot
igniting qualities. Removably and turnably inserted in the
tom edges 38, 46 are two arcuate, integral projections 54,
stopper is a frame carrying one or more catalytic mem
56. The projections are tapered in form to narrow or
bers and one or more fine metal wires. The stopper is
provided with lateral openings to create an air draft 25 pointed free ends. The projections are cylindrically
curved to conform with the curvature of lining 24. The
therethrough. The frame may be provided with projec
projections are located so that they can partially or wholly
tions adapted to adjust the sizes of the openings. The
close the openings 25, 26 entirely when the frame 35 is
topper may be weighted so that it can be set down in
adjustably rotated inside the stopper as indicated by
an inverted position without tipping over.
‘ It is therefore one object of the invention to provide a 30 arrows A in FIG. 5. The frame can be drawn out of
the stopper when desired to replace it with another frame
catalytic lighter including a container of volatile ?uid,
when the catalytic members become inactive.
a stopper for taking ?uid up from the container, and an
The lighter, when not in use, will be closed as shown
adjustable frame carrying a catalyst and wires for ignit
in FIGS. 1 and 2. The ?brous mass 32 and lining 24
ing the ?uid.
will become saturated with the ?uid 15.
Still another object is to provide a lighter of the charac
The stopper may be withdrawn and shaken a few times
ter described, wherein the stopper has air draft holes
to cause an air draft to pass through the tubular portion.
which may be adjustably opened and closed by projec
The air will enter through openings 25, 26. and pass out
through the open end of the stopper. The oxygen in
For further comprehension of the invention, and of
the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had 40 the air will react with the catalyst 44 causing it to glow
and to cause the wires 48 to become incandescent in turn.
to the following description and accompanying drawings,
tions on the frame.
and to the appended claims in which the various novel
The incandescent wires will in turn cause the fumes aris
ing from the lining 24 and mass 32 to ignite and burn
at the mouth of the stopper.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part
If the frame 35 is turned so that projections 54, 56 close
45
of this disclosure:
the holes 25, 26, no air draft will pass through the stopper.
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a catalytic lighter
This position of the frame may be used when the lighter
embodying the invention.
features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
is carried in a pocket or purse and it is desired to prevent
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-—2 of FIG. 1.
accidental lighting if the stopper comess out of the con
FIG. 3 is a perspective view on an enlarged scale of
'50 tainer. The cut-off of the draft will prevent lighting of
the stopper per se in an inverted position.
vapor which may be emitted from the lining 24 and mass
FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 are sectional views taken on lines
4-4 and 5—-5, respectively, of FIG. 3.
32.
>
In FIGS. 7 and 8 is shown another frame structure.
The frame 35EL is formed with notches 60, 61 and 62 at
FIG. 8 is an edgewise elevational view of the frame 55 its upper edge 63, and lateral edges 64, 65. ‘ A plat
inum wire 66 is strung over and around the side and top
of FIG. 7 taken on line 8—8 of FIG. 7.
edges of the frame and through a centrally disposed cat
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary side elevational view of an
alytic ring or disk 70 made of spongy platinum. Semi
other lighter.
circular extensions 72 and '74 at the lateral edges 64, 65
In FIGS. 1 and 2 is shown a cylindrical container 19
which is substantially ?lled with a mass of fibrous material 60 serve to close the holes 25, 26 in the stopper when the
frame 35 is suitably positioned therein. The frame 5511
12 such as cotton, Fiberglas, asbestos, rock wool or the
can be rotated to clear the holes 25, 26 and allow a free
like. The material 12 is saturated with a volatile ?uid
air draft through the stopper. End of wire 66 is spliced
15 such as alcohol, butane or the like. The container
at 71.
has a tubular neck 14 and aligned with the neck is an in
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the frame per se.
FIG. 7 is a side elevational view of another frame.
ner tubular portion 16 which serves as a guide to receive 65
the cylindrical portion 18 of a stopper 26. The tubular
portion 16 de?nes a cylindrical compartment 22 above
The container 1t} is shown made of metal. Itmay be
formed of ?exible plastic, such as‘ polyethylene, if desired.
The stopper 20a may be formed with a ‘?at head 21 as in
dicated in FIG. 9. Also the container 10 may be made
the ?brous mass 12. At the bottom of the compartment
?at instead of round.
~
‘
22 are granules 23 of silica gel, calcium chloride or other
While I have illustrated and described the preferred em
desiccant adapted to extract moisture from the ?uid 15, 70
bodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that I
and from fumes arising from the material 12 as the ?uid
volatilizes.
do not limit myself to the precise constructions herein dis
3,031,870
3
closed and that various changes and modi?cations may
be made within the scope of the invention'as de?ned in
in the container, a frame removably and turnably inserted
in said stopper, projections extending laterally of the
frame, said stopper having lateral holes in said cylindri
cal portion located to be adjustably closed by said pro
jections, a catalytic member suspended within the frame,
the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as
new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent
a wire connected between the said member and the frame
for igniting fumes of said ?uid emitted from said lining
is:
1. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
when an air draft passes through said openings to render
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
said member and wire incandescent, said stopper having a
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov 10 cavity in said head, a mass of non-in?ammable material
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a cy
in said head, a weight in the head to hold the stopper in
lindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion
an upright position with the cylindrical portion uppermost,
and a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the stop
said neck portion de?ning a compartment in the container,
per from the container, at lining of ?brous, non-in?am
and a quantity of a desiccant in the compartment to ab
mable material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous ma 15 sorb water from said fumes and ?uid.
terial in the container, a frame removably and turnably
5. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
inserted in said'stopper, projections extending laterally
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
of the frame, said stopper having lateral holes in said cy
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
lindrical portion located to be adjustably closed by said
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov
projections, a catalytic member suspended within the
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a cy
frame, and a wire connected between said member and
lindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion and
the frame for igniting fumes of said ?uid emitted from
a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the stopper
said lining when an air draft passes through said openings
from the container, a lining of ?brous, non-in?ammable
to render said member and wire incandescent.
material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous material in
2. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con 25 the container, a frame removably and turnably inserted in
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
said stopper, projections extending laterally of the frame,
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
said stopper having lateral holes in said cylindrical portion
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov
located to be adjustably closed by said projections, a pair
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a cy
of spaced catalytic members suspended within the frame,
lindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion and
and wire loops connected between the respective members
a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the stopper
and said frame for igniting fumes of said ?uid emitted by
from thecontainer, a lining of ?brous, non-in?ammable
said lining when the air draft passes through said open
material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous material in
mgs.
the container, a frame removably and turnably inserted in
6. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
35
said stopper, projections extending laterally of the frame,
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
said stopper having lateral holes in said cylindrical portion
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
located to be adjustably closed by said projections, a cat
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov
alytic member suspended within the frame, a wire con
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a cylin
nected, between the said member and the frame for ignit
drical portion slidably received in said neck portion and a
ing fumes of said ?uid emitted from said lining when an 40 head adapted to be grasped for removal of the stopper
air draft passes ‘through said openings to render said mem
from the container, a lining of ?brous, non-in?ammable
berand wire incandescent, said stopper having a cavity in
material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous material
said head, a mass of non-in?ammable material in said
in the container, a frame removably and turnably inserted
head, and a weight in the head to hold the stopper in an
in said stopper, projections extending laterally of the
upright position with the cylindrical portion uppermost.
3.. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a cy
lindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion and
a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the stopper
45
frame, said stopper having lateral holes in said cylindrical
portion located to be adjustably closed by said projec
tions, a catalytic member suspended within the frame,
and a wire connected between the said member and the
frame for igniting fumes of said ?uid emitted from said
lining when an air draft passes through said openings to
render said member and wire incandescent, said projec
tions being cylindrically curved elements tapering to
points at their free ends ‘for adjustably controlling the air
from the container, a lining of ?brous, non-in?ammable
material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous material
passages through said openings.
in the container, a frame removably and turnably inserted 55
7. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
in- said stopper, projections extending laterally of- the
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
frame, said stopper having lateral holes in said cylindrical
material in the container adapted to‘ retain a quantity of
portion located to be adjustably closed by said projections,
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov
a. catalytic member suspended within the frame, a wire
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a
connected between the said member and the frame for ig 60 cylindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion
niting fumes of said ?uid emitted from Said lining when an
and a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the
air draft passes through said openings to render said mem~
stopper from the container, a lining of ?brous, non
her and Wire incandescent, said neck portion de?ning a
in?ammable material in said stopper exposed to the
compartment in the container, and a quantity of a desic
?brous material in the container, a frame removably and
cant in the compartment to absorb water from said fumes 65 turnably inserted in said stopper, projections extending
and ?uid.
laterally of the frame, said stopper having lateral holes
4. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
in said cylindrical portion located to be adjustably closed 7
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
by said projections, a pair of spaced catalytic members
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
suspended within the frame, and wire loops connected
volatile,rignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov 70 between the respective members and said frame for ignit
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a cy
ing fumes of said ?uid emitted by said lining when the
lindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion and
air draft passes through said openings, said neck portion
de?ning a compartment in the container, and a quantity
a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the stopper
of a desiccant in the compartment to absorb water from
from the container, a lining of ?brous, non-in?ammable
material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous material 75 said fumes and ?uid.
3,031,870
5
6
11. A stopper for a catalytic lighter comprising a cylin
drical portion and a connected head portion, a lining of
?brous material in said cylindrical portion and a mass of
?brous material in the head portion, said cylindrical por
tion having holes for passing a draft of air therethrough,
a frame removably and turnably inserted in said cylin
8. A catalytic lighter comprising a container, said con
tainer having a cylindrical neck portion, a mass of ?brous
material in the container adapted to retain a quantity of
volatile, ignitable ?uid therein, a hollow stopper remov
ably inserted in the container, said stopper having a
cylindrical portion slidably received in said neck portion
drical portion, projections extending laterally of the frame
and a head adapted to be grasped for removal of the
and located for adjustably closing said holes, a catalytic
stopper from the container, a lining of ?brous, non-in
member suspended in said frame, and a wire connected
?ammable material in said stopper exposed to the ?brous
material in the container, a frame removably and turn 10 between said member and frame, said projections being
cylindrically curved and tapering to points at their free
ably inserted in said stopper, projections extending lateral
ends, said head being generally spherical in form and
ly of the frame, said stopper having lateral holes in said
having a weight therein to hold the stopper in an up
cylindrical portion located to be adjustably closed by said
right position with the cylindrical portion uppermost.
projections, a catalytic member, and a wire Wound around
12. A stopper for a catalytic lighter comprising a cylin
sides of the frame and supporting said member inside the 15
drical portion and a connected head portion, a lining of
frame for igniting fumes of said ?uid emitted by said lin
?brous material in said cylindrical portion and a mass of
ing when an air draft passes through said openings to
?brous material in the head portion, said cylindrical por
render said member and wire incandescent.
tion having holes for passing a draft of air therethrough,
9. A stopper for a catalytic lighter comprising a cylin
drical portion and a connected head portion, a lining of 20 a frame removably and turnably inserted in said cylin
drical portion, projections extending laterally of the frame
?brous material in said cylindrical portion and a mass of
and located for adjustably closing said holes, a catalytic
member suspended in said frame, and a wire connected
?brous material in the head portion, said cylindrical por
tion having holes for passing a draft of air therethrough,
a frame removably and turnably inserted in said cylin
between said member and frame, said projections being
drical portion, projections extending laterally of the frame 25 cylindrically curved and tapering to points at their free
and located for adjustably closing said holes, a catalytic
ends, said head having a ?at end to support the stopper
in an upright position with the cylindrical portion upper
member suspended in said frame, and a wire connected
between said member and frame.
most.
10. A stopper for a catalytic lighter comprising a cylin
drical portion and a connected head portion, a lining of 30
?brous material in said cylindrical portion and a mass of
?brous material in the head portion, said cylindrical por
tion having holes for passing a draft of air therethrough,
a frame removably and turnably inserted in said cylin
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,480,139
2,718,133
Keene ______________ __ Aug. 30, 1949
Oxaal et a1. __________ __ Sept. 20, 1955
24,983
308,968
842,538
Great Britain ________________ __ 1907
Switzerland __________ .. Oct. 17, 1955
Great Britain _________ __ July 27, 1960
drical portion, projections extending laterally of the frame 35
FOREIGN PATENTS
and located for adjustably closing said holes, a catalytic
member suspended in said frame, and a Wire connected
between said member and frame, said projections being
cylindrically curved and tapering to points at their free
ends.
40
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