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Патент USA US3032378

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May 1, 1962
R. J. SIGLER ETAL
3,032,368
TREE FLOAT 0E TRAILER
Filed Sept. 24, 1959
2 Shee’cS-Sheei'l 1
INVENTORS
Buy/Q47@ »L
May 1, 1962
R. .1. SIGLER ETAL
3,032,368
TREE'. FLOAT OR TRAILER
Filed Sept. 24, 1959
.
2 Sheets-Shee‘b -2
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INVENTORJ „ I
United States Patent O rice
3,932,368
Patented May 1, 1962
2
1
end by a truck or other suitable vehicle (not shown).
3,032,368
The trailer T may be connected to a truck or vehicle (not
TREE FLOAT @R TRAILER
Richard 3. Sigler and .lohn Il'. Schneilhacher, Houston,
Tex., assignors, by mesne assignments, to Reed Roller
Bit Company, Houston, Tex., a corporation of Texas
Filed Sept. 24, 1959, Ser. No. 842,058
8 Claims. (Cl. 296-3)
shown) by any suitable means, such as a standard fifth
wheel connector 10 of the type illustrated in FIG. l. A
plurality of receptacles 9 are positioned on the frame F
in substantial longitudinal alignment and preferably stair
stepped fro-m the front end of the trailer T for receiving
the sections of earth or root-balls of trees. Normally, each
section of earth or each root-ball is positioned in a con
The present invention relates to a new and improved
apparatus for transporting trees or similar objects and 10 tainer B of an apparatus A (FIG. 5) prior to positioning
same in the receptacle 9, as will be more fully explained.
more particularly to an apparatus for moving relatively
Also, as will be more evident hereinafter, the receptacles
large trees.
9 are so mounted on the frame F that they are adapted to
An object of the present invention is to provide a new
receive the containers B when the receptacles 9 are in a
and improved means for transporting one or more trees or
similar objects from one location to another.
15 substantially vertical position and thereafter the recep
tacles are adapted to be pivoted to an inclined or sub
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
new and improved tree float or trailer for transporting
stantially horizontal position for transporting the trees
relatively large trees beyond the immediate vicinity of the
or similar objects in the containers B.
In the preferred embodiment of the present invention,
area from which the trees were excavated.
Still another object of the present invention Vis to pro 20 each of the receptacles 9 is comprised of a relatively large
vide a new and improved tree ñoat or trailer for moving
ring or continuous member 11 which is attached or con
trees having a plurality of receptacles thereon for support
ing a plurality of sections of earth, trees, or other similar
neoted to a smaller ring 13 by a plurality of circumferen
objects.
or other suitable means. The members 15 are preferably
tially spaced longitudinally curved members 15 by welding
A further object of the present invention is to provide a 25 spaced equidistantly from each other. As the receptacles
9 are normally used to hold relatively large trees, the
rings 11 and 13 and the members 15 should be of heavy
with the apparatus for moving trees, earth or other objects
new and improved tree ñoa-t or trailer adapted to be used
gauge metal such as steel.
in copending patent application, Serial No. 833,565, filed
The frame F includes a pair of relatively long parallel
August 13, 1959.
A still further object of the present invention is to pro 30 members 16 with suitable cross-members 17 connected
vide a new and improved means for moving trees without
thereto.
damaging or injuring the trees.
An important object of the present invention is to pro
ground G a pair of double wheels 8 are attached to the
frame F by any standard means, an example of which
is shown in the drawings wherein cross-members 19 are
attached to the longitudinal members 16 of the frame F
for suspending a pair of leaf springs 21 therefrom. The
vide a new and improved carrier for transporting a tree,
or a plurality of trees in a substantially horizontal position,
wherein such tree or trees and trailer may be moved
For supporting the rear of the trailer T off the
throughout the streets of a city without interfering with
pair of doubie wheels 8 are mounted on an axle 22’ which
light wires, telephone lines, bridges, underpasses, tunnels,
is connected to the pair of leaf springs 21 by a pair of
or other normal constructions.
U-bolts or shackles 23.
Fenders 18 are preferably attached to the underside of
each of the members 16 over the double wheels 8 by any
su-itable means, such as welding.
A frame support member 19' is attached to the under
’
Another important object of the present invention is to 40
provide a new and improved apparatus for moving trees
wherein each of the trees is supported at its base so as to
avoid the necessity for lifting a tree by its trunk.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide
a new and improved apparatus for moving trees, sections
of earth thereunder, and roots therein wherein the nec
side of the forward portion of the frame F for supporting
the front end of the trailer T, when the trailer T is not
essity of balling and burlapping the trees has been
An undercarriage U is vertically attached to the under
side of each of the frame members 16 of the frame F
connected to a truck or other similar means.
obviated.
The construction designed to carry out the invention
sufficiently high above the ground G to maintain adequate
will be hereinafter described, together with other features
thereof.
road clearance when the frame F is in substantially hori
zontal position. Such undercarriage U serves to protect
The invention will be more readily understood from a
the lowermost receptacle 9 from damage as a result of
bumps or other similar road hazards.
reading of the following specification and by reference to
the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, where
Extending vertically on the longitudinal members 16
in an example of the invention is shown, and wherein:
55 of the frame F are a plurality of pairs of receptacle sup
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of the invention illustrating
port members 20, 22 and 24, each pair successively
shorter than the ñrst, or in stairstepped relationship. To
the receptacles thereof, some of which are in a loaded posi
give additional rigidity and support to the taller receptacle
tion and one of which is in an empty position;
support members 20 and 22, angular support members 26
FIG. 2 is a view taken along lines 2--2 in FIG. 1 illus
trating the retaining means on one of the loaded re 60 and 2S are connected to such Vertical support members
ceptacles;
20 and 22, respectively and extend downwardly and in
wardly therefrom.
FIG. 3 is a plan view taken along line 3-3 in FIG. 1
On the sides of each of the receptacles 9 are attached
and illustrates the containers when they are all empty;
a pair of longitudinal pivot plates 30 so that when each
FIG. 4 is a view partly in elevation and partly in section,
taken along line 4_4 in FIG. 1; and
65 receptacle 9 is in a vertical position, the pivot plates 30
are aligned with the pair of the vertical support mem
FIG. 5 is an elevation of the preferred apparatus for
bers 29, 22, or 24 adjacent thereto. Such members 30
loading the containers of FIGS. 1-4 with trees, sections of
are attached to each of the receptacles 9 by welding or
earth or similar objects.
In the drawings, the letter T generally indicates the
vother suitable means.
On the upper portion of each of the members 20, 22
.tree lloat or trailer which includes a frame F supported at
and 24 are the openings 20a,122a and 24a, respectively.
its rear end by a pair of double wheels 8 or any other
Each plate 30 has a pivot pin 32 thereon which is inserted
suitable means of mobility and is supported at its front
3,032,368
3
or extended through each of the openings 20a, 22a and
24a to provide for pivotal movement of the receptacles
9. Each of the receptacles 9 preferably is so constructed
that the upper portion or the portion of the receptacle
9 above the pivot pin 32 is heavier than the lower portion
4.
then be approximately parallel to the other two trees.
Suitable padding may be placed over the portions 11a of
the two lowermost containers for protection of the trunks
of the trees when resting thereon.
This stairstepped arrangement of the receptacles com
thereof which causes the receptacle 9 to pivot from the
bined with their pivotal action permits several trees of
upright postion (see receptacle 9 at the left in FIG. 1)
relatively large lengths (eg. 30-50 feet) to be transported
to an inverted position, the purpose of which will be
over long distances over city streets or country roads
explained hereinafter.
without interferring with light wires, telephone lines,
Each of the members 30 has a lock hole 36a therein 10 bridges, underpasses, tunnels and other similar objects.
This arrangement of the trees, with the lowermost tree
supported on the tree rest 40 and each successively higher
2212 and 24b are positioned on the vertical support mem
tree supported on the receptacle ring 11 on its right, as
bers V20, 22 and 24, respectively, so that such openings
explained above, allows sufficient area above the frame
are aligned with the lock holes 30a in the adjacent plates
30 when the receptacles 9 are in the vertical or upright 15 and above each successively higher tree for the foliage
on the trees without damaging such foliage. In the case
position. In order to retain the receptacles 9 in a vertical
of trees with relatively large amounts of foliage some trim
position so that trees, sections of earth, and roots therein
ming of such foliage may be necessary.
or other similar objects may be positioned in such re
Normally, in loading the tree ñoat or trailer T with
ceptacles 9 or removed therefrom, a locking or retaining
trees, such trees would already be positioned in an ap
pin 33 is inserted through the openings 20h, 22b and 24b
below the pivot pin 32. Corresponding openings 2Gb,
paratus A (FIG. 5) of the type illustrated in the preferred
and through the adjacent openings 30a on the plates 30.
embodiment or" the apparatus described in copending ap
Thus the locking pins 33 with each receptacle 9 serve to
plication, Serial No. 833,565, filed August 13, 1959.
holdY the receptacle 9 in a vertical or upright position so
The apparatus A consists of a large partial ring 70
that trees, sections of earth and the roots therewith may
be positioned in such receptacle 9. In some instances, 25 from which chains 72 or other suitable flexible members
are suspended equidistantly from the underside thereof.
only one locking pin 33 is used with each receptacle 9
Hooks 74 are connected to the lower ends of each of the
instead of the pair of pins 33 shown.
chains 72 which are also of equal lengths. A container
A tree support or rest 40 is positioned between the
or bucket B is suspended from the hooks 74.
longitudinal member 16_of the frame F on the latter
portion of the trailer T. Such rest 40 extends angularly 30 The container B includes a plurality of curved seg
ments 75 which are larger on their upper ends 72a than
upwardly and inwardly so that the center portion 40a
on their lower ends 75h. Each of the segments 75 is
of the rest 40 is concave so as to receive the trunk 50a
connected to a hook 74 by means of a member 78 posi
of the tree 50 positioned in the lower receptacle 9 (the
receptacle on the right in FIG. 1). Suitable padding 41
tioned on the upper portion 75a of the segment 75. Each
may be placed on the center portion 40a of the support 35 of the members 78 has a hole or opening '73a positioned
40 for protection of the trunk Stia of the tree 50 supported
therein for receiving the hook 74.
Each of the lower
ends 75h of the segment 75 has a loop or eye 76 attached
retain the section of earth 55 in the
thereon. On one of the segments 75', the “master” seg
receptacles 9 when such receptacles are pivoted to an
ment, a double cable .'77 is attached thereto. The cable
inclined or substantially horizontal position, as >best seen 40 77 is then extended or inserted through each of the loops
in FIG. l, a pair of rigid strip members 60 and 61 are
76 of the segment 75 so that the bight end of the cable
placed on top of the section of earth 55, on either side
77 extends through the loop 76’ of the segment 75'. A
thereon.
To substantially
of the trunk 51a of the tree »51, and parallel to each
locking pin or rod 79, curved similarly to the segments
other (see FIG. 2). A third strip member 62, similar
75 is Vpositioned on the segments 75’. A bracket is posi
to the members Y60 and 61, :is placed on top of each of 45 tioned on the upper `portion 75a of the segment 75'
the members 60 and 61 and below or underneath the
through which the rod 79 is inserted. The rod 79 has
trunk 51a of the tree 51 when the tree 51 is in the inclined
or substantially horizontal position. A chain 65 or other
an enlarged head 79a Which serves as a stop thus pre
venting the rod 79 from falling completely through thel
suitable ñexible member which may be easily tightened
bracket 80. The rod 79 is also inserted in the bight end?
is placed over the member 62 and connected or attached
of the cable 77 extending through the loop 76 of they
to either side of the receptacle 9 by means of a clamp 66
segment 75. The segments 75 are thus locked together’
or other suitable means. The chain 65 may be tight
and the container B is formed.
ened by means of a standard chain tightener (not shown)
The apparatus A may be lifted and moved by means
well known in the art.
of any standard boom well known in the art. For thisv
Referring now to FIG. 1 of the drawings, the two 55 purpose a pair of cables 81 and 82 are suspended from a»
receptacles 9, on the right, are Shown in loaded position
shackle 83 and connected to the ring 70 by extendingv
for transporting the trees 51 and 50, respectively. Each
Vthe end portions 81a and 82a through the holes or open
tree is initially loaded into a receptacle 9 when in an up
ings 70a and 7Gb, respectively, and clamping or other-v
right position and so that the trunk is in approximately
wise joining such cable ends 81a and 82a to the cables?
the center of such receptacle. Generally, the lowermost
V81 and 82, respectively, as indicated at 34. The shackle
receptacle 9 is loaded ñrst so that after the tree 50 has
83 is suspended from a standard boom, a portion of
been positioned in such lowermost receptacle 9, it is
which is shown at 9€). The apparatus A as viewed in
pivoted or swung to the position shown in FIG. 1 wherein
FIG. 5 has a tree 51' positioned in the container B. The
the trunk 50a of the tree 50 is supported on the rest 40.
section of earth 55’ below the trunk 51b of the tree 51'
The tree 51 positioned in the center receptacle 9 is like 65 is positioned in the container B in such a manner that
wise pivoted to the `position seen in FIG. 1 wherein the
the trunk 5117 is in approximately the center of the con
trunk 51a of the tree 51 rests on the portion 11a of the
tainer B. So that the container ring 70 may be laterally
receptacle ring 11 of the lowermost receptacle 9, when
positioned around the tree 51', an opening 70C extends
the lowermost receptacle 9 is in a near horizontal posi
tion. The trees 51 and 59 are thus carried in position 70 between each of the ends 70d and 79e of the partial
ring 70.
wherein they are approximately parallel to each other.
In the preferred method of operation and use of the
Similarly, if a third tree were placed in the uppermost
trailer T, a tree with a section of earth cut from beneath
'receptacle 9, such Vreceptacle would be swung to a near
the trunk of such tree, and the roots therewith is placed
horizontal position 11a of the receptacle ring V11 of the
in
the apparatus A. With the receptacle 9 to be loaded
center or middle receptacle 9. This third tree would also 75
3,032,368
5
6
As the trailer T is moved across roads, street, and high
in a vertical or upright position, the apparatus A with
thev tree therein is moved into position directly over the
ways, numerous bumps are encountered.
As explained
above, the weight of the receptacles 9 above the pivot
receptacle 9 to be loaded by means of a standard boom
or other suitable means. Normally, the lowermost recep
pin 32 is heavier than the weight of the receptacle below
the pivot pin 32. This causes the receptacle to seek a
horizontal or inverted position. Trees positioned in each
tacle 9 is loaded first, after which each successively higher
receptacle is loaded. The container B is then lowered into
of the receptacles 9 will therefore be continuously urged
the receptacle 9 until the segments 75 come to rest therein
and the chains 72 become slack. Each of the hooks 74
are released from the members 78 and the ring 76 is with
drawn from around the tree, thus leaving the container .
B, the tree, section of earth and the roots therein in the
downwardly from an original vertical or upright position
to an inclined or substantially horizontal position. The
tree in the lowermost receptacle 9 is thus urged into con
tact with the tree support rest 40, the tree in the center
receptacle is urged into contact with the portion 11a of
the ring 11 of the lowermost receptacle 9, and the tree
in the uppermost receptacle 9 is urged into contact with
the portion 11a of the ring 11 of the middle receptacle
9. This downward action results in the trunk of each
of the trees being firmly held against the tree support rest
40 or the portions 11a of the ring 11, as applicable. The
receptacle 9. During this phase of the operations the
Ireceptacle 9 is retained in its vertical position by means
of the locking pin or pins 33 as described hereinabove.
After the receptacle 9 is loaded and while the recep
tacle 9 and tree therein are in an upright position, and in
order that the tree, earth, and roots in the receptacle 9
will remain in the receptacle 9 when the receptacle 9 is
pivoted downwardly, a pair of rigid strip members 69
trees are inhibited from bouncing up and down as bumps
and 61 are placed on top of the earth and on either 20 are encountered during transporting operations and con
sequently the trunks of the trees are protected from injury
which might otherwise result therefrom.
side of the trunk approximately parallel to each other.
A third rigid strip member 62 is placed over each of the
members 66 and 61 and perpendicular thereto. A chain
I65 is attached to either side of the ring 11 by means of
clamps 66 and extended over the member 62 and parallel
thereto. The chain 65 is then tightened by use of a
As can easily be seen the device of Ithe present inven
tion is particularly suited for transporting several trees
from one location to another, and even when such loca
tions are relatively far apart. It can be appreciated that
chain tightener. The arrangement of the strip members
the trailer T is also suitable for ltransporting trees which
60, 61 and 62 and chain 65 is best viewed in FIG. 2.
have been balled or burlapped in a manner well known
in the art.
A cable or line connected to a standard boom is then
Although the present invention has been presented as
attached to the upper portion of the trunk. The locking 30
a trailer or tree float for illustrative purposes, it is not
pin or pins 33 are removed from the openings 22h and
intended that the scope of the invention be limited to
30a which permit the receptacle 9 to pivot downwardly
such. For example, the device of the present invention
to near horizontal position. The line connected to the
could easily be installed on a truck bed, railroad car, sled
boom prevents the tree from pivoting too rapidly and
or other movable support members.
thereby causing damage to such tree. The tree is thus
The size of the trailer T and the receptacles 9 may be
eased downwardly until the trunk is supported or rests
varied as desired, generally being governed by applicable
against the rest 40. U-bolts 98 are positioned along the
local laws and the size of the trees to be transported or
frame member 16. A line 97 is connected to a U-bolt
moved. The number of receptacles 9 and their specific
98 on one frame member 16 and is passed over the tree
50 and then connected to a corresponding U-bolt 98 40 arrangement may also be varied without departing from
on the opposite frame member 16 so as to hold the tree
the scope of the invention.
50 ñrmly against the tree support 40. The tree 50 is
now in position for being transported to the desired loca
tion. Each of the remaining receptacles 9 has a tree
ñoat it is not necessary that each of the receptacles 9 there
on be of the same size and shape, but it is preferable that
On any one trailer or tree
they be uniform.
The foregoing disclosure and description of the inven
placed therein in a manner similar to that described above. 45
tion is illustrative and explanatory thereof and various
The tree in the uppermost receptacle 9 will rest on the
changes in the size, shape and materials, as well as in the
details of the illustrated construction, may be made within
the scope of the appended claims without departing from
the spirit of the invention.
will in turn rest on the portion 11a of the large ring 11
What is claimed is:
of the lowermost receptacle 9, when such lowermost re
l. An apparatus for moving trees or similar objects
ceptacle is swung to transporting position.
including a frame, a substantially rigid receptacle on said
After the device is fully loaded or loaded as fully as
desired the trees are transported to the desired location. 55 frame adapted for receiving a »section of each cut below
the trunk of a tree, pivot means on said frame for piv
Upon arriving at the location the loading process is re
otally connecting said receptacle on said frame, the weight
versed. The line 97 is released from one of the shackles
of said rigid receptacle above the pivot point of said
98 and removed from around the tree 50. A line is then
pivot means being greater than the weight of said recep
positioned around the trunk 59a of the tree Si?, which line
portion 11a of the large ring 11 of the middle receptacle
9 when such receptacle 9 is pivoted to transporting or
carrying position. The tree in the center receptacle 9
is connected Ito a standard boom and the tree is then 60 tacle below the pivot point of said pivot means thereby
causing said receptacle to seek a bottoms-up position, said
raised to a vertical position. After reaching a vertical
pivot means being connected to said frame and said recep
position and aligning the holes 22h and 30a, the locking
tacle so as to substantially limit the movement of said
pins 33 are inserted therethrough, and the line or cable
receptacle to a pivoting movement about the pivot point
connected or attached to the trunk of the tree 50 is dis
of said pivot means, and lock means on said frame for
connected therefrom.
The chain 65 is loosened and relased from clamp 66.
The strip members 62, 6d and 61 are then easily removed.
The ring 70 of the apparatus A is then moved laterally
65
locking said receptacle in a normally upright position.
2. An apparatus for moving a plurality of trees, sec
tions of earth cut from beneath the trunks thereof, and
the roots contained therein including a frame, Wheels on
around the tree 50 so that the hooks 74 may be con~
nected to the members 78 on the segment 75. After a 70 said frame, a plurality of receptacles on said frame, each
hook 74 has been connected or attached to each of the
segments 7S the apparatus A is raised until the container
being adapted to receive a root-ball of a tree, each of said
receptacles aligned longitudinally on said frame in a stair
B elars the top ring 11 of the receptacle 9. The appara
stepped relationship, pivot means on said frame for piv
otally connecting each of said receptacles on said frame
75 whereby each of said receptacles may be rotated from a
tus A is then moved to a previously prepared hole for
receiving the tree contained with such apparatus A.
3,032,368
substantially vertical to a substantially horizontal position
7. An apparatus for moving trees and the `root-‘balls
thereof, including a frame, a plurality of receptacles on
said frame, each being adapted to receive a root-ball of -a
tree, said receptacles aligned longitudinally on said vfratrie
in a stair-stepped spaced apar-t relationship, pivot means
on ‘said receptacles for pivotally connecting said recep
tacles to said frame, and lock means on said frame for
locking each of said receptacles in substantially an up
and return.
3. The structure recited in claim 2, including lock
means on said frame for locking each of said receptacles
in substantially an upright position for receiving the Aroot
balls of trees.
4. The structure recited in claim 2 including retaining
means on each of said receptacles for`holding the con~
right position for receiving the root-balls of trees.
tents of each of said receptacles in said receptacles when
8. The structure recited in claim 7 including retaining
said receptacles have been rotated Áfrom their upright 10
means on each of said vreceptacles for holding the con
position.
5. The structure recited in claim 2 wherein each of
said receptacles includes an upper ring, a lower ring of
relatively smaller diameter than said upper ring, and a
plurality of longitudinal members connecting said Vupper 15
ring and said lower ring to each other.
6. The structure recited in claim 2 wherein each of
said receptacles includes an upper ring, a lower ring ot
relatively smaller diameter than said upper ring, a plu
rality of longitudinal members connecting said upper
ring and said lower ring to each other, and said longi
tudinal members being spaced equidistantly apart and
the width of each of said longitudinal members being
substantially smaller than the space between each of said
>longitudinal members.
20
25
tents of each of lsaid receptacles in said receptacles when
said receptacles have »been moved from an upright posi
tion.
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
717,134
Street ________________ __ Dec. 30, 1902
1,624,504
Pfarr ________________ __Apr. 12, 1927
1,643,141
Wadley Y ________ ....,_____ Sept. 20, 1927
1,976,160
Coplen _______________ _.. Oct. 9, 1934
2,105,353
2,192,771
2,208,262
2,849,125
Irishv ________________ __ Jan. 11,
Hotîer _______________ __ Mar. 5,
Jeffrey _______________ __ July 16,
Beseler ______________ __ Aug. 26,
1938
1940
1940
1958
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