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Патент USA US3033115

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May 8, 1962
TOMIZO SAITO
3,033,103
PACKING APPARATUS FOR STAPLE FIBER, RAW COTTON AND THE LIKE
Filed Jan. 5, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
w
O
C
May 8, 1962
TOMIZO SAITO
3,033,103
PACKING APPARATUS FOR STAPLE FIBER, RAW COTTON AND THE LIKE
Filed Jan. 5, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
May 8, 1962
TOMIZO SAITO
3,033,103
PACKING APPARATUS FOR STAPLE FIBER, RAW COTTON AND THE LIKE
Filed Jan. 3, 195'?
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
May 8, 1962
TOMIZO SAITO
3,033,103
PACKING APPARATUS FOR STAPLE FIBER, RAW COTTON AND THE LIKE
Filed Jan. 3, 1957 '
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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United States Patent 0 "ice
3,033,103
Patented May 8, 1962
1
2
3,033,103
ing a horizontal rod and a magnetic switch portion of the
apparatus;
PACKING APPARATUS FOR STAPLE FIBER,
RAW COTTON AND THE LIKE
FIG. 17 is a broken rear view, shown partly in sec
tion, of a lower arm member mechanism and one of its
Tomizo Saito, 46, 4-chome, Higashi-Shinagawa,
Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan
contacts; and
FIG. 18 is a broken front view of a push piece with a
Filed Jan. 3, 1957, Ser. No. 632,392
Claims priority, application Japan Oct. 3, 1956
2 Claims. (Cl. 100-100)
part thereof removed.
Now the construction of the present apparatus will be
described with respect to the accompanying drawings:
The present invention relates to a packing apparatus 10 A package case 1 is carried by a supporting frame 2, in
such a manner that the upper-most portion of said pack
for staple ?ber, raw cotton and the like, and particularly
age case 1 comes in contact with the lower face of a base
to an apparatus, wherein ‘on one side of a package case
a horizontally movable press plate is arranged, which is .
moved outwardly for ?lling said package case with mate
rials to be packed and then advanced inwardly for per
forming a horizontal preliminary compression, after said
preliminary compression having been ?nished a vertically
movable press plate arranged below the package case
stand 3 of a hydraulic apparatus. Wheels 6 movable
‘along rails 5 are journalled on a machine stand 4 be~
15 neath the supporting frame 2, and a press plate 7 of said
hydraulic apparatus is positioned below said stand 4.
As illustrated in FIG. 2, an enveloping frame 8 of
]-shape is provided on one side of the package case 1
v and a horizontally movable press slate 9 is provided at
being raised for performing a principal compression.
In the usual compression operation for packing staple 20 the open end of the enveloping frame, in such a manner
that the press plate may be moved into the enveloping
frame with a close ?t therein. On the back of said
horizontally movable press plate 9, bolts 13, 14 are pro
predetermined volume and said case is ?lled manually.
vided which engage respectively with internally threaded
The materials to be packed within the package case are
then compressed vertically by the press plate of a hy 25 cylinders 11, 12 of a frame 10. The cylinders 11, 12
are provided with worm wheels 15, 16 respectively and
draulic press raising from below.
a worm 17 engaging therewith is ?tted on an ordinary
Such a compression operation requires much man
vertical revolving shaft 18, at the lower end of which is
power and time for ?lling the package case with mate
provided a revolving power mechanism 19 therefor. See
rials to be packed. Moreover, it is very di?icult in such
an operation to produce packages of a speci?c standard 30 FIG. 2. Staple ?ber, raw cotton or the like, having
been charged into said package case 1 is pressed in a
form, because packing is performed by a vertical com
preliminary compression stage by the horizontally mov
pression alone while using a package case of a ?xed
able press plate 9 advancing into the package case 1 by
volume.
the bolts 13, 14, said press plate 9 sliding horizontally
The principal object of the present invention is to
provide a packing apparatus for staple ?ber, raw cotton 35 within said enveloping frame 8. After this preliminary
compression stage has been ?nished, said staple ?ber,
and the like, which makes it possible to avoid the above
?ber, raw cotton and the like, the materials to be packed
are allowed to fall from above into a package case of a
mentioned disadvantages,
raw cotton or like materials are then compressed ver
‘Other features and advantages of this invention will be
apparent from the following detailed description given
with respect to one embodiment of the invention with
40
reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a part of the apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a cross sectional plan view of a package
case portion;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged end elevation of a part of the 45
apparatus;
FIG. 4 is a view showing the vertical press with the
tically by the press plate 7 of the hydraulic means which
is raised to complete a principal compression stage.
Further in the present apparatus, a door 26 pivoted to
a crank shaft 27 is provided on one side of the package
case 1, on one side of said door 26 being pivoted a stop—
ping rod 20. An actuating lever 22 with a projection 21
for stopping the front end of said stopping rod 20 is
pivoted to said door 26 at a point displaced from the
pivot of the stopping rod 21). A pull wire, such as a
wire rope or the like, is connected with one end of an
L-shaped lever 23, and a stopping member 140, which
press box therein in section;
engages with a stopping piece 25 provided at a corner of
FIG. 5 is a plan View partly in section showing an
operational mechanical part of a horizontally movable 50 the package case ‘1, is provided on the other end of said
lever 23. Furthermore, another stopping piece 141 is
press and press plate;
secured to the front end of said member 22, a connecting
FIG. 6 is a broken end view of the unit illustnated in
rod 142 is arranged between the lever 23 and the actu-‘
FIG. 5 shown partly in section;
ating lever 22, a projected piece 143 is secured to said
FIG. 7 is a detailed side elevation, shown partly in
section, of a position control mechanism for the part of 55 crank shaft 27, a link 144 is pivoted to said projected
piece 143, a sliding rod 145 held by a bearing piece 147
the apparatus illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3;
is pivoted to said link 144, and a spring 146 is secured to
FIG. 8 is an elevation, shown partly in Section, of a
said sliding rod 145. In order to open the door 26 of
control mechanism for the compressing device of the
the package case 1, the L-shaped lever is turned by pull
apparatus and a stopping means therefor;
FIG. 9 is a sectional front view of a combination of 60 ing the wire 24 to release the stopping member 140 from
the stopping piece 25 and simultaneously to turn the actu
mechanical parts forming a compression and stopping
ating lever 22 about a pivot as a fulcrum by pulling the
means;
connecting rod 142 and simultaneously releasing the
FIG. 10 is a side view of the combination of parts
stopping projection 21 from the stopping member 1490f
shown in FIG. 9;
the stopping rod 20 in order to free the stopping rod and
FIGS. 11, 12 and 13 are elevations, shown partly in 65 thus the door 26. Thus, the door 26 which tends to open
section, of a shifter part of the apparatus;
outwards under an inner pressure by the packed staple
FIG. 14 is a mid-sectional view of the transmission
?ber, raw cotton or like materials is arranged to open
gear mechanism of the apparatus;
outwards about the crank shaft 27 as a fulcrum. The
FIG. 15 is an‘ enlarged broken plan view of the pack 70 sliding rod 145 is then allowed to slide through the link
age case;
FIG. 16 is a fragmental horizontal cross-section show
144 by the projecting piece 143, which in turn is actuated
by the revolving crank shaft 27. Concurrently with the
3,033,103
3
4
movement of the sliding rod 145, the spring 146 is com
pressed. Therefore, the sliding rod 145 moves slowly.
The opening operation of the door 26 is thus also carried
the L~shaped lever 37 swings to the left, the actuating
rod 42 will be raised. Thus, the lever 45 is caused to
swing upwards by actuating rods 42 or 43 to detach its
stopping portion 43 from the engaging groove of the lever
out slowly. At the same time, the crank shaft 27 of ti e
door 26 revolves to move an actuating rod 29 axially
through a link 28 attached to the end of the rod. This
handle 47.
movement of the rod pushes a revolving ring 30 attached
to the other end of the actuating rod 29 along an inclined
the left in FIG. 7 to move the actuating rod 63 for turn
ing the shaft 64; and a shifter 65 is actuated by said shaft
face 32 of a projection 31 provided on the frame 10.
64 and then said shifter 65 renders the movable cone 70
When the lever handle 47 is released, the
sliding rod 53 will be moved by the springs 53, 62 to
This action pushes an actuating piece 33 pivoted to the 10 (FIG. 14) to be released from the cone friction clutch
frame 10 and a connectiing rod 34 pivoted thereto to
63. At the same time the movable cone 71 is caused
induce movement of connecting rods 34 and 35 pivoted
to contact under pressure the cone friction clutch 73;
to a spindle of the revolving ring 31}, thereby to pull the
therefore, the revolution of a driving shaft 67 is not trans
stopping rod 29 outwardly so that the enveloping frame
mitted to a transmission shaft 69. Consequently, the
revolving shaft '76 of the wheel 6, which is revolved
may be opened.
Also, in the present apparatus, an operational device
from the transmission shaft 69 through gears 74, 75,
as well as an automatic stop device are provided for
stops. Thus revolution of the wheel 6 is also stopped.
moving the machine stand 4 of the package case 1 and
Thus, also, the machine stand 4 can be stopped at a pre
stopping it exactly at a ?xed position, for instance, at the
determined position, for instance, at the position of the
hydraulic apparatus; and an operational device is pro
press plate 7 of the hydraulic apparatus.
vided for the horizontal press plate.
Also, in the present apparatus, a power mechanism
In the above referred to operational and stopping de
is provided for operating the aforementioned horizontal
vice for the machine stand 4, an L-shaped lever 37 (see
ly movable press plate
Accordingly, said horizontally
FIG. 7) is pivoted to one side of the machine stand 4
movable plate is ?tted with a ?tting piece 78 (FlG. 9)
by means of a pin 38. This lever engages a projection ,0 of
horizontally movable pipe '77 reciprocally moving
36‘ provided on the rail 5 which swings it longitudinally
with said plate 9 horizontally. A roller 79 is mounted
of the machine stand as the latter is moved along the
on said ?tting piece 78 and a sliding rod 82 is inserted
rails 5. A second lever, an operational lever 39, is
into the horizontally movable pipe 77, the screw 30 at
pivoted at one end thereof to the side of the machine
the rear end of said sliding rod 32 being engaged with
stand by a pin 40, and a vertical link 41 is pivoted at one 30 a stopping piece 31. The fore end of the sliding rod
end to the L-shaped lever 37 at one side portion thereof
82 is formed with a protruding head 83, and further an
and to the second lever 39. Vertical actuating rods 42
engaging collar 85, having a set screw 84, is positioned
and 43, respectively, are pivoted at their lower ends to
upon the horizontally movable pipe 77, said engaging
the other side portion of the L-shaped lever and to the
collar
coacting with a lever 87, its upper end 88 be
free end of the second lever, and are connected at their
ing stopped and pushed thereby. One end of a lateral
upper ends to a horizontal bar 46, which limits downward
connecting rod 89 is pivotally connected to said lever
movement of a horizontal hand-operated lever 45 which
37 through a connecting lever 88. The other end of said
is biased downwardly by a spring 44. The hand-operated
connecting rod 83' is pivoted to another connecting lever
lever 45 is provided with a stopping projection 48 which,
95“, said connecting lever 96 being pivoted to the lower
in turn, engages an engaging groove 47 ’ of a vertical hand 40 end of another L-shaped lever 92 (FIG. 8) which is
lever 47.
provided at the rear of said L-shaped lever 37 through
An internally threaded cylinder 51, having end ?anges
a link 91. (See FIGS. 9, l0 and 8). An operational
50, is loosely held in a cylindrical lower portion 49 of
lever 94 is pivoted upon a pin 95, and a vertical link 93
the vertical hand lever 47 and is threaded upon a
connects this operational lever to the L-shapcd lever
threaded central portion 54 of a sliding rod 53 axially
92. Vertical actuating rods 96, 97 generally similar to
movable in a casing 52. A spring 58 is arranged between
the actuating rods 42 and 43, are pivoted respectively to
a ?ange 56 compressed between a screw 55 on the left
the end of the horizontal leg of the L-shaped lever 92
hand side (as viewed in FIG. 7) of the sliding rod 53
and the operational lever 94. The upper ends of said
and a ?xed ?ange 57 surrounding the sliding rod 53.
actuating rods 96, 97 are connected respectively to a
Furthermore, a spring 62 is provided on the right hand
horizontal bar 166 which limits downward movement of
portion of the sliding rod 53 between a ?ange 66 screwed
a horizontal hand-operated lever 99 which is biased
upon the threaded central portion 54 of the rod 53 and
downwardly by a spring 93. The lever 99 being pro
a ?ange 61 slidable upon the sliding 53. Another ?ange
vided with a stopping projection 102 which, in turn, en
60 is screwed upon a threaded portion of the sliding rod
gages an engaging groove 191’. An internally threaded
to the right of the ?ange 61. Said ?anges 61 and 60 are
cylinder 165 having end ?anges 104 is loosely held in a
positioned on opposite sides of the lower end of an
cylindrical lower portion 103 of the vertical hand lever
actuating rod 63. A shifter 65 is secured to a shaft 64 at
101 and is threaded upon a central portion 108 of a slid
the upper end of said actuating rod 63. By means of said
ing rod 197 axially movable in a casing 106. A spring
shifter 65 movable cones 70, '71, which are movably in
112 is arranged between a ?ange 110 compressed between
serted on a transmission shaft 69 are shifted to engage
respectively with cone-friction clutch 73 secured to said
a screw 109 which is provided on the left hand side (as
viewed in FIG. 8) of said sliding rod 167 and a ?xed
transmission shaft 69 and a cone friction clutch 63
mounted on a driving shaft 67. The clutches are thus
?ange 111 surrounding the sliding rod 107. Another
spring 115 is positioned on the right hand portion of
adapted to be selectively operated.
The transmission
shaft 69 on an extension thereof has a gear 74 engaged
with a gear 75 provided on a shaft 76 of the wheel 6.
In the above-mentioned mechanism, for causing the
machine stand 4 to run and stop at a predetermined
position, the L-shaped lever 37 is turned by the projec
the sliding rod 107 between a ?ange 113 screwed upon
the central threaded portion 108 of the sliding rod 167
and a ?ange 114- slidable upon the sliding rod 107. The
?ange 114 is connected with the lower end of an actuat
ing rod 116, secured at its upper end to a shaft 117.
A shifter 118 (FIG. 13) is connected to the shaft 117 and
tion 36 of the rail 5, said lever 37 swinging in one direc 70 is adapted to act on a movable cone 123 of a cone fric
tion or the other to raise one of the actuating rods 42,
tion clutch 122 provided on a revolving shaft 121 of a
gear 120 which engages with a gear 119 provided on a
43 depending upon the direction of movement of the
driving shaft 67. See FIG. 14. In this case, the mov
machine stand 4. When the L-shaped lever 37 swings to
able cone 124 on the other side which is provided in
the right, the connecting lever 39 will be raised through
the link 41 to raise the actuating rod 43, while when 75 one body with said movable cone 123 is adapted to come
3,033,103
5
6
in contact with the cone friction clutch 125 on the other
side, and a gear 127 is provided on the revolving shaft
inclined to the right, by hand, the sliding rod moves
reversely, moving the actuating rod 116 reversely. Such
126 of movable cones 123, 124. The transmission shaft
69 is provided with a gear 128 which meshes with said
gear 127. A pinion 129 revolving with said gear 128
motion shifts the movable cone 123, by means of the
shifter 113 through the shaft 117, to engage the cone
friction clutch 122. The revolving shaft 126 is reversely
is engaged with a gear 131 which is mounted on a re
rotated by the revolving shaft 121, which is revolved
volving shaft 135 which in turn is arranged on one side
of the transmission shaft 69. A bevel gear 132 being
provided upon the shaft 135 for rotation with said gear
in opposite direction by revolving the motor reversely.
the vertical revolving shaft 18 being also revolved re
versely. This retracts the horizontally movable press
131. A bevel gear 133 (FIG. 12) engaging said bevel 10 plate 9 simultaneously with the horizontally movable
gear 132 is provided on a shaft 134 of said vertical re
pipe 77, the stopping ?ange 85 of which engages the
volving shaft 16 (FIGS. 5 and 6), said shaft 134 being
upper end 86 of the lever 87.
connected to a ?ange 135 provided on an upper end
is swung in opposite direction, whereby the shifter 118
thereof.
Operation of the mechanism just explained, for re
As a result, the lever 87
is actuated to shift the cone 123 away from the friction
15 clutch 122 and the cone 124 into engagement with the
ciprocating said horizontally movable press plate 9 will
cone friction clutch 125, and revolution of the revolving
now be set forth.
shaft 126 is stopped. Consequently, the horizontally
movable press plate 9 is stopped in the retracted position.
First said lever 99 is raised in starting
the operation to release the stopping projection 162 from
In this case, as the rear end of the sliding rod 82 comes
the engaging groove 161’ of the hand lever 101 for ren
dering the hand lever free to rotate to the right. Then, 20 in contact with the abutment 139, movement of the
the sliding rod is moved to the right by the tubular por
tion 103 of the hand lever 161 through said ?ange 164
sliding rod 82 is stopped and only the horizontally mov
able pipe 77 is retracted and the sliding rod 82 slides in
the interior thereof.
of said threaded cylinder 105 to actuate the actuating rod
A horizontal bar 1513 protrudes on one side of the
116, and actuate the shifter 118 through the shaft 117 of
said rod 116. The movable cone 123 being thus brought 25 horizontally movable press plate 9. See FIGS. 16 and
17. Limiting blocks 151, 152 are ?xed by screws 153,
in contact with the friction clutch 122 by means of said
154 in predetermined spacing one from the other upon
shifter 118, and the revolving shaft 126 being rotated by‘
the bar 151), and bolts 155, 156 are screwed respectively
said revolving shaft 121 through friction between said
into the ends of lever rods 157, 158 disposed between
movable‘ cone 125 and said cone friction clutch 122, the
gear 128 is revolved. The pinion 129 and the gear 131 30 said limiting blocks 151, 152. The bolts 155, 156 have
their heads oppositely disposed and may be pushed
being thus revolved, the bevel gears 132, 133 are also
against said limiting blocks 151, 152 alternately. Fitting
revolved. The vertical revolving shaft 18 is consequent
portions 161, 162 are provided on said rods near their
ly rotated, as explained above, through which the inter
nally threaded cylinders 11, 12 are revolved in their
respective pivots 159, 166. Furthermore, the rear end
fixed positions through the worm 17 ?xed to the shaft 35 portion 163 of the lever rod 158 is engaged by one end of
a pin 164. The other end of said pin 164- is attached to
18. The bolts 13, 14 are thus advanced for forwarding
another pivoted lever 165 having an extension 165a
the horizontally movable press plate 9 to press the staple
adapted to actuate a push button 167 of .a magnetic
?ber, raw cotton or the like in a preliminary compression.
switch 166 in the motor circuit provided on the support
The horizontally movable pipe 77 secured to said press
plate 9 and the press plate are moved together. Thus, 40 ing frame 2. Further push buttons 1'68, 169‘, (FIG. 1)
of the magnetic switch 166 are provided above the push
when the press plate 9 reaches the extreme end of its
button 167, and a lever 176 is pivoted to swing and
compressing movement, the stopping piece 81 is halted
alternately cover said push buttons 168, 169. The lever
by the upper end 66 of the lever 87. Therefore, the
170 is pivoted to a connecting rod 171, the lower end of
sliding rod 82is stopped on this position. Thus the
horizontally movable pipe 77 alone is moved, and when 45 which is connected to the arm 173 of a bell crank lever
172, and a connecting rod 175 pivoted to the other arm
an inner wall 130 at a rear end of the horizontally mov
1'74 of-the bell crank lever 172 is connected to the L
able pipe 77 is at the rear end of the protruding head
83 of the sliding rod 82, the sliding rod 82 will be pulled
out. ‘The stopping piece 81 is stopped at a rear end
thereof by the upper end 86 of the lever 87 and by this
push on the upper end 86 causes the lever 87 to swing and
at the same time cause the L-shaped lever 92 to swing
through the link 91. Further the driving rod 90 is
shaped lever 92.
>
It is necessary to use electric power economically
in order to prevent uneconomical consumption of driv
ing power, whenhalting revolution of the motor, follow
ing advancing and retraction of the horizontally movable
press plate 9. The action of the stopping mechanism of
the motor is as follows: When said horizontally movable
pulled down by the L-shaped lever 92, and simultaneously
the operational lever 94 is swung through the link 99, 55 press plate 9 enters the package case 1 and said press
plate 9 begins horizontal compression, the press plate is
the actuating rod 9'7 is raised and the horizontal bar 100
outside of said package case. As the press plate enters
is pushed upwards by the upper end of the rod 97 to
raise the lever99.
The lever handle 101 is released
the package case, the horizontal rod 150 cooperating
from the engaging groove thereof by detaching stopping
therewith is moved forward, and a limiting piece 152 of
member 162 from said engaging groove. Said lever 60 said’ horizontal rod 150 simultaneously moves. Thus,
when the horizontally movable press plate 9 reaches the
handle 161, previously described, is biased to the left, as
end of its compression, the limiting piece 152, moving
viewed in FIG. 8, by the springs 112 and 115, and there
together with the horizontal rod, engages the bolt 156
fore turns to the left upon being released. This move
and pushes said bolt.‘ The lever arm rod 158 is thereby
ment of the lever handle shifts the sliding rod 107 to
the left and actuates the actuating rod 116 by means of 65 allowed to swing around the pivotal axis 160 as a ful
crum, while the pin 164 is pushed by the other end por
the ?ange 138 on the sliding rod 107. The lever handle
tion 163 thereof. Hence, the lever 165 is caused to swing
161 then actuates the shifter 118 through the shaft 117
by the pin 164, and the push piece 165a is moved. The
in the reverse direction to the aforesaid direction, thereby
push button 167 of the magnet switch 166 is thus pushed
causing said shifter 113 to act on the movable cone 124,
thereby releasing the movable cone 123 automatically 70 by said push piece 165a, the current circuit of the motor
being opened by actuating said magnet switch 166 to halt
from the cone friction clutch 122. Thus, since the revo
the revolution of motor.
lution of the revolving shaft 126 is halted, revolution of
In the aforementioned case, when the horizontally
the vertical revolving shaft 18 is stopped. Consequently,
compression operation by the horizontally movable press
plate 9 is halted.
movable press plate 9 has completed a horizontal com
When the lever handle 101 is again 75 pression, the revolution of the motor will be stopped.
3,033,103
8
7
However, when the press plate is retracted by the reverse
in handling storage or transportation. In one embdiment
revolution of motor, after the horizontal compression
has been ?nished and returned to the starting position
of the invention, the distance between the positions of
said preliminary compression and that of the main com
pression is approximately three meters, the time required
for the preliminary compression is about three seconds
for the preliminary horizontal compression, revolution
of motor is halted. The stopping action is carried out
as follows: When the horizontally movable press plate
9 is retracted, the horizontal rod 150 is also moved rear
and the time required by the main compression and pack
ing operation is approximately three minutes.
According to the present invention, ?rst staple ?bre,
wardly, and simultaneously the limiting pieces 151, 152
raw cotton or the like (?ne light ?bres of ?oating condi
also move rearwardly, one limiting piece 151 engages the
bolt 155 to push said bolt causing the lever 157 to swing 10 tion) can be compressed to a small extent horizontally
and then to a greater extent vertically to a form most
and move its engaging portion 161 which then moves
convenient for transport. In addition, operations such
as charging, ?lling and packing the material into the pack
an engaging portion 162 of the lever 158, thus swinging
the lever 158 to its former position. The pin 164 is
pushed by the rear end portion 163 of the lever 158,
and the lever 165 is allowed to swing by said pin 164. 15
Simultaneously the push piece 165a is pushed, and the
push button 167 of the magnet switch 166 is pushed in
high ef?ciency in the compression and packing operation.
swing to cover said push buttons 168, 169 alternately,
material fed thereto into a compression portion thereof
age case are extremely easy, resulting in a remarkably
What I claim is:
1. A packing apparatus for stable ?ber, raw cotton and
the like, comprising a multisided package case having an
wardly. Thus the switch 166 is actuated to open the
inlet in its top for feeding thereto material to be packed,
circuit of the motor to stop revolution of the motor.
In the aforementioned horizontal movement, the lever 20 a machine stand supporting said package case, wheels on
said stand, and a press plate including one side of said
170 covering the upper faces of the push buttons 168,
case carried by said stand movable horizontally within
169 which act to close the electric current circuit of the
said package case across the inlet therein to charge the
motor by operating the magnetic switch 166 is caused to
thereby pushing one of the push buttons so that no mistake 10 El and to give the charged material a preliminary compres
sion, means carried by said stand for actuating said plate,
may occur in the advance and retraction of the horizon
in combination with a vertical compression plate spaced
from the feeding position of said package case and adapted
tally movable press plate 9 in said horizontal compres
sion movement.
This action is carried out as follows:
to enter the same means to support said plate for vertical
When the movement is stopped by changing a clutch at
the end of advance and retreat of the horizontally mova 30 movement and means to actuate the same, rails extend
ing from the feeding position of said package case to a
ble press plate 9 in the horizontal compression, the swing
position above said vertical compression plate, said wheels
ing L-shaped lever 92 causes the bell crank lever 172 to
being positioned on said rails whereby said case may be
act through a connecting rod 171, swinging the lever 170.
Accordingly, the push buttons 168, 169 are alternately
operated to avoid mistakes in pushing the push buttons.
moved therealong, and means for automatically stopping
1 said machine stand and said package case in operative
In other words, as the advance of the horizontally mova
position above said vertical compression plate whereby the
ble press plate 9 (preliminary compression) is commenced
in the horizontal compression, the push button 168 is
pushed after the upper face of the push button 196, for
instance has been covered through actuation of the lever
170 by the connecting rod 171. On the other hand, in
the retreat of said movable press plate 9, the push button
169 is pushed after the upper face of the push button 168
has been covered through actuation of the lever 170 by
the connecting rod 171.
vertical compression plate may enter the case and com
press the material therein.
2. A packaging apparatus as claimed in claim 1 where
in the means for actuating said horizontally movable press
plate includes at least one bolt secured to the rear por
tion of said press plate, a frame supported by said stand,
at least one internally threaded cylinder on said frame,
said bolt being screwed into said cylinder, a worm wheel
fxed externally on said cylinder, a vertical shaft having
a worm thereon engaging said worm wheel, and power
Thus, in the advance and retreat movements of the
mechanism associated with the lower portion of said shaft
for rotating same to rotate said cylinder and thereby ad
vance said bolt and press plate horizontally.
horizontally movable press plate 9, for preventing any
mistake in starting the driving motor, the one exposed
button of the push buttons 168, 169 may be pushed only
after the other one has been covered.
Said compression operation, wherein the volume of
50
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
the staple ?ber, raw cotton and the like is reduced by a
horizontal compression by means of said horizontally mov
able press plate 9, is a preliminary compression. There
fore, the supporting frame 2 as well as the package case
1 are moved to the press plate 7 of the hydraulic ap
paratus, i.e. the main compression mechanism, by the
rails 5 and the wheels 6, after said compression operation
or during said preliminary compression, through the ma
chine stand 4. Then, such material having thus been
compressed horizontally is compressed vertically in said
position by raising the press plate 7, the volume of the
material being decreased to a minimum for convenience
UNITED STATES PATENTS
222,206
273,407
284,208
737,427
1,852,495
2,241,006
Shull _________________ .. Dec. 2,
Tyack ________________ _.. Mar. 6,
Ivens _________________ .._ Sept. 4,
Lemberg ____________ __ Aug. 25,
Wilson _______________ .... Apr. 5,
Smith et a1 _____________ __ May 6,
1879
1883
1833
1905
1932
1941
FOREIGN PATENTS
26,989
Germany ______________ __ May 2, 1884
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