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Патент USA US3033576

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May 8, 1962
Filed Oct. 1'7, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
l gl l m b
Henry W. Schmidt
May 8, 1962
Filed Oct. 17, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Henry W. Schmidt
United States Patent ,7 , W3
.8, 1962
.. 5 and the pivotal portion of'the lever to eliminate side
' play and to reduce frictional resistance to pivotal move
Henry W. Schmidt, 114 Maple Terrace, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Filed Oct. 17, 1%0, Ser. No. 63,210
3 Claims. (Cl. 273-26)
This invention relates to a novel ball game device which
ment of the lever.
A rubber bumper 17 is rigidly fastened to the top of
base 3 underneath element 111a so that it will be stricken
thereby when element 11a is hit downwardly by a driver
or bat like element 2 shown in FIG. 2. Bumper '17 is
of heavy rubber to provide durability and suf?cient
I refer to by the trademark “Hit It” and, more particu
resiliency to create a balanced bounce. Driver 2 is ?at
larly, to a device which will, upon striking with a driver,
toss a ball upwardly through a hoop whereupon, as the 10 but one end 2a is wider than the other end 2b to provide
a slight taper along the length thereof. Driver 6 may
result of a second swing with the driver, as the ball de
be made of hickory or other wood or even stamped or
scends, the latter will be driven outwardly into a ?eld
forged metal, such as aluminum, or other'suitable ma
An outstanding disadvantage of conventional ball game
apparatus is that they are notoriously the same and do 15
Likewise on the other side of the base a rubber bumper
16 is provided, preferably of foam rubber, ‘for cushioning
not enable a single player to effect both pitching and
cup element 15 as it strikes the bumper element by gravity
hitting of the ball, moreover, they are not complete in
themselves for actual play of the entire game.
because of the greater moment arm of arm 14 and cup
An object of my invention is to provide a novel ball
element 15 as compared to the moment arm of arm 11
game device which is devoid ‘of the above named disad 20 and rubber element 11a.
vantages and which enables the player to both pitch
A pair of stop elements 18 are secured to the outer
the ball to himself and to strike it.
faces of the top portions 6 of uprights 4 so as to provide
A further object of my invention is to provide a novel
stops for the lower edges of ?anges 8 to hold the hoop
ball tossing device which includes a hoop through which
in the horizontal position, as shown in FIG. 1.
the ball is tossed before batting it and whichhoop also 25
In operation, when the device is in the position shown
serves as a target for the person catching the ball in
in FIG. 1 with a ball (not shown) contained within the
order to score a point.
cup 15, the driver 2 is grasped by the player and swung
A still further object of the invention is to provide a
downwardly so as to hit the top of the rubber element
ball tossing apparatus of relatively simple and inexpensive
11a, whereupon the latter will strike bumper 17 and in
construction which can be operated by children and 30 so doing the cup ‘15 will be suddenlyplifted so as to toss
grownups and which may be used both indoors and out
the ball upwardly through hoop 9. ‘ Then as the ball de
doors so as to provide enjoyment and entertainment to
scends from its upward toss, driver 2 is swung horizon
a wide variety of persons.
tally above the hoop so as to hit the ball generally in
Other objects and advantages will'become more ap
the horizontal direction or perhaps slightly upwardly
parent from a study of the following description taken 35 thereof. Then as the ball is caught or retrieved by an
with the accompanying drawings wherein:
other player or players in the ?eld, hoop 9 is lifted to
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a ball game device em
substantially a vertical position, as shown in FIG. 5, and
bodying my invention ‘and showing the hoop in horizontal
is held in this position by virtue of stop elements 19 whose
slanted edges bear against the edges of ?angesys so as
position in readiness for a ball to be driven and tossed
vertically upwardly therethrough;
40 to hold the loop at an acute angle relative to a vertical
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a driver, which is some
what like a bat, for striking arm 11 downwardly and '
position. Then the ?elder will attempt to throw the
ball through the hoop, and if he succeeds in doing so,
thereby effect tossing of the ball;
he will score an additional point. If desired, a latch (not
FIG. 3 is a top or plan view of a device shown in
FIG. 1;
shown) may be provided to latch the hoop in vertical
FIG. 4 is a side or elevational view showing, in full
If the device is to be played indoors, rubber pads (not
lines, the position of the lever before striking and, in dot
and dash lines, the position after striking; and,
FIG. 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view taken along
the bottom surface of base 3 to prevent marring to the
?oor surface. Of course, other cushioning materials
line V—V of FIG. 4.
may be used instead of rubber.
shown) or a rubber mat or cushion may be attached to
Referring more particularly to the drawings, numeral
Various types of balls may be used with my device,
1 generally denotes a ball game device comprising a base
3 of rectangular outline of metal, wood or other suitable
plastic balls, ‘including ‘perforated hollow plastic balls,
material, having rigidly a?ixed to the top portion thereof,
sponge rubber balls, fabric covered balls, etc.
depending upon the playinglsurface and area, such as
a pair of standards or uprights 4, preferably of wood 55
The game device may be played in a large yard, hall,
or metal, having intermediate circular portions 5 and
gymnasium, school yard, playground, picnic ground or
top end portions 6 arranged in spaced parallel relation
other locations.
ship. If ‘desired, rubber caps (not shown) may cover the
Although the game apparatus may be played various
top ends of portions 6 to prevent injury to the player. A
ways, the following are instructions for a suitable way of
shaft or pivot 7 extends through the top ends of the upper
playing the game.
portions 6 to pivotally support flanges 8 of a hoop 9,
Place the “Hit-It” apparatus on a spot on the playing
which hoop is preferably in the form of a square or rec
surface that will allow as much ?eld area available for
tangle having sides 9'a, 9b and 9c.
playing surface. vFrom the spot of the “Hit-It” appara
If desired, the hoop 9 may be made of other shapes,
such as of circular or oval shape.
tus, mark off a right and a left playing ?eld boundary
line. The boundary lines to. be on an angle from the
Pivotally mounted at the center of the circular por
apparatus. Place a marker or draw a line to show a
tions 5 of uprights 4 is a lever having a driving arm 11,
playing area.
the end of which is surrounded by a hard surface rubber
A toss of a coin can decide the team to hit ?rst. The
element 11a, and having a driven arm 14 which has
other players on the opposite team will be the defensive
clipped or otherwise fastened to the free end thereof 70 players on the playing ?eld. A distance of 15 to 20 feet,
a molded cup element 15 for holding a ball (not shown)
if the area is large, could be marked off with chalk or
Metal or ?bre washers may be placed between portions
marked in the dirt, to show the minimum distance that
a ball must be driven by the driver. The defensive team
should use their ingenuity in placing the players on the
playing ?eld, considering the agility of the players.
Offensive players waiting their turn to swing the driver,
can help retrieve balls driven out of bounds.
Select a playing surface and position the “Hit-It” ap
The ?rst hitter will be allotted three balls. One ball is
placed in the cup and pocket, the other two lie on' the
paratus to assure most surface area for playing. If a ball
ground or ?oor surface nearby. With the ball in the cup,
the hitter can move the “Hit-It” apparatus in any posi
as it caroms off the wall, no score is given for the offen
sive player, but this gives the defensive player a chance
driven up against a wall is caught by a defensive player
to try for the two points. Certain spots on the playing
surface, such as obstructions and length of playing ?eld,
the air and announce “Hit-It.” He will drive the driver 10 can be covered with rules formulated by the players, as
tion he desires at an angle or straight. He will use the
driver and when ready to play will raise the driver into
down on the rubber cushion on the end of the driving
being out of bounds and no score or no attempt for
score by defensive player.
shaft and when that end strikes the cushion on the base,
Thus it will be seen that I have provided an efficient
the ball is driven up into the air. As it ascends, if
ball playing device which enables the player to both
possible, or most likely, when the ball descends, the hitter
will attempt to hit the ball with the driver out onto the 15 pitch and hit the ball without assistance from others and
which is highly useful for the purpose of training the
playing ?eld. A player will acquire a skill of knowing
player to hit a ball when in a predetermined position; also
how far up into the air the ball should be driven so that
which enables setting up of a target for play by ?elders
when the ball descends he can judge just how to strike it.
so as to provide for the complete play of a ball game
A great deal of skill can be developed, plus ingenuity of
out-guessing the defensive players, by trying to place the 20 and afford a high degree of entertainment and amuse
ment to persons of all agcs,'including small children, teen
‘driven ball at a certain spot where it may require some
agers and adults.
spectacular playing to catch the ball or stop the ball after
While I have illustrated and described a single speci?c
the ?rst bounce on the ?oor or ground surface. If the
embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that
hitter misses the ?rst ball tossed into the air, he is allowed
one more swing. If he misses the second time, count 25 this is by way of illustration only, and that various
changes and modi?cations may be made within the con
one turn for that hitter. He will then use the second ball.
templation of my invention and within the scope of the
Finally the third ball which gives each player on the
following claims.
offensive, three balls to play at one turn. If the ball
I claim:
is driven out of bounds, left or right or struck so that
1. A ball playing device, comprising a base, a standard
the ball caroms back of the hitter, count as a miss and 30
another turn by that player for the ball used. Three
supported on and extending vertically upwardly from
balls to a hitter for one turn.
said base, a lever pivotally mounted at an intermediate
When all players have
position thereof to said standard, a ball holding recep
tacle secured to the top of one end of said lever, a hoop
with the defensive team. When the offensive player
drives the ball out on the ?eld the defensive player or 35 pivotally mounted on the top end of said standard and
pivotally movable to a position overlying and substan
players must attempt to stop a ball driven on the ground
tially parallel to said receptacle so that the opening of
after one bounce. Doing so, that defensive player will
said hoop will be positioned directly above said recep
then stop at that position and have a‘ chance to try for
tacle, the other end of said lever being adapted to be hit
two points by throwing or tossing the ball thru the square
hoop. If close by, perhaps the hoop' may be placed in 40 by a driving ‘element downwardly against the base so
as to forcibly lift said one end and tossa ball, contained
a horizontal position. Far out on the ?eld, perhaps the
in said receptacle, upwardly through said hoop to enable
square hoop may be in a vertical position. If a defensive
it to be hit by the same driving element.
player fails to stop a ground driven ball after the ?rst
2. A ball playing device as recited in claim 1 together
bounce, count one point for the offensive team. In the
case of a ?y ball, if caught by a defensive player, he will 45 with stop means for selectively holding said hoop in a
substantially vertical or substantially horizontal position.
stop in his tracks, then get set to throw or toss the ball
3. A ball playing device as recited in claim 2 together
thru the hoop. If he misses or can’t reach a ?y—ball,
with resilient bumper means secured on top of the end
count a point for the offensive team. If a ball is driven
portions of said base so as to cushion the ends of said
out of bounds, but a defensive player can catch it, it counts
as no point for the offensive team, but gives the defen 50 lever when struck thereagainst.
sive player a chance to try for the two points. If within
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
the minimum line mark established before playing
the game, the defensive player is not allowed to try for
played three balls, the o?ensive team changes places
the two points. This merely gives the offensive player
another swing if the swing just completed was the ?rst
one for the ball being played. If this is the second swing
at that ball, the offensive player is charged with a turn.
Nicot et al. ___; _______ "Feb. 7, 1939
Hatley ______________ __ Mar. 20, 1951
Butler ________________ __ Sept. 3, 1957
Lamb _______________ __ July l6,'1935
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