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Патент USA US3033750

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May 8, 1962
R. A. D‘AMATO ETAL
3,033,740
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Original Filed July 25,‘ 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTORS
RAPHAEL A. D' AMATO
BY
ROY E. REHM
ATTORNEYS
United
ice
tent
;
sesame
Fatented May 8, 1962
2.
1
The strips or plates 1 are lifted from the stack by a car- 7
3,033,740
riage which takes the form of a vacuum box 104, coated
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION '
on one side with hot asphalt or similar adhesive at a
Raphael A. D’Amato, East Rutherford, and Roy E. Rehm,
coating bath generally indicated at 106 and pressed
against ?nish coating strips 3 supported on a table 108.
, Little Ferry, N.J., assignors to Raphael A. D’Arnato,
doing business as Industrial Service Company, East
Rutherford, N.J., a sole proprietorship
.
The vacuum box 104 is connected with a suitable
source of vacuum, not shown, through a ?exible conduit
.
Original application July 25, 1956, Ser. No. 599,991.
Divided and this application Aug. 25, 1959, Ser. No.
840,218
5 Claims. (Cl. 156-564)
This invention relates to the manufacture of building.
1710 and is suspended on wheels or rollers (not shown)
to permit it to move from end to end of a track 112
10 pivoted at one end on a pivot 114 in the frame 116 of
machine 10. The box is provided with adjustable stops
materials, and more particularly to a method and means
118 and 120 which engage with ?xed elements at the ends
for forming corner- or bridge pieces for use with insu
oftrack 112 to de?ne end positions for the box travel,
one over the platform 1.02 and the other over the table
lated siding in the exterior ?nish of buildings, and to the
cornerpieces so produced. This application is a divi
sion of our application Serial No. 599,991, ?led July 25,
1956, which became abandoned August 24, 1960.
A'Widely accepted material for the exterior ?nish of '
108.
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For uniformity in the asphalt coating applied by the ’
coating unit 106 to the plates 7,‘ the vacuum box is pro;
vided with a mechanical drive to move it at uniform
speed lengthwise of the track 112. An endless belt 122 is
comprises a stiff backing of asphalt impregnated ?brous 20 stretched between two pulleys 124 mounted on brackets
residential and other buildings known as insulated siding
or cellulosic material covered with a ?nish layer of
asphalt mixed with very ?nely crushed rock, into the sur
t
face of which layer is rolled a coating of slate granules.
This material is commonly provided in boards of substan4
tial size, for example 14 by 43 inches approximately, and 25
these boards are applied as an exterior ?nish to the side
of the building, commonly with an overlap between the
successive courses in the same manner as wood siding
or clapboards. At the corners of the building the ends
126 ?xed one at each end of the track 112. Belt 122 is
driven by any suitable means at a moderate linear speed.
In FIG. 1 there is shown a pulley 128 a?‘ixed coaxially
with the pulley 124 at the pivoted end of the track. Pul
ley 128 is driven by a belt 130 which passes over a pul
ley 132 journaled in the machine frameand which in turn
is driven, via a coaxial pulley (not shown) and belt
134 from the motor 136 which drives the rollers in coat
ing unit 106. Obviously a separate motor may however
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of the boards are, as ?rst applied, exposed, and the in 30 be used.
.The box 104 may be releasably coupled to either half
vention is concerned with the provision of cornerpieces
to conceal the ends of the siding, so exposed. Since the . - of the belt 122 for travel in either direction lengthwise
of track 112. Two‘ brackets 138 and 140 are a?ixedto
siding is frequently provided with a pattern in its exterior
the box 104 adjacent the two halves of the belt 122. A
surface, for example in the form of striations in the color
shoe 142 extends from bracket 138 beneath the half of >
of the slate granules or in the form of surface identations
imitative of the grain of wood, it is important for satis
the belt which moves from the. stack of plates 1 toward
factory appearance of the ?nished building that the cor- ‘
table‘108, and'a similar shoe 144 extends-from bracket’ 2
140 immediately adjacentthe half of the belt which moves
nerpieces possess the ‘same ?nish as the siding boards
in the opposite direction.‘ A lever 146 pivoted in bracket '
which they are to complete.
The invention provides a method and apparatus for the 40 138 carries at one end a cam 148. When lever 146 is
manufacture of such cornerpieces. According to‘the in
raised to the vertical position shown in FIG. 1, the belt
vention a cornerpiece is manufactured from a piece of
the same ?nish layer as the siding itself, shaped to ?t
the space at the corner of a building between two siding
will be pinched between cam 148 andshoe 142 with
the result that the vacuum box will be carried from left
to right in the ?gure. When the box is brought to a stop
members and supported on a similarly shaped backing 45 by the stop 118 in a position above the table 108, the
sheet of metal such as aluminum.
In accordance with
1 the invention the ?nish layer employed is stripped from
siding boards of the same lot as those with which the
cornerpieces are to be used. The stripped ?nish layer is
cut into strips of desired size and shape which are then
coated with an adhesive, and applied to metal backing
continued motion of the belt will rotate lever 146 to dis
engage cam 148 from shoe 142. Conversely the vacuum
box islcarried in the opposite direction by raising a lever
150 pivoted in bracket 140 to pinch the lower half of
the belt in FIG. 1 between shoe 144 and a cam 152 a?ixed
The invention will now be described in greater detail
with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
!FIG. 1 is a view in side elevation, partly broken away,
of a machine according to the invention for combining
to lever 150. When they box is stopped at the left end
of its travel by stop 120 in a position above the support
ing plate 102, the continued motion of the belt will dis
engage the belt from cam’ 152 and shoe 144. Shops 154
provided on brackets 133 and 140 prevent rotation of
levers 146 and 150 past the positions in which their cams
the ?nish layer strips with sheet metal backing‘ strips;
frictionally engage the belt, and counterweights 156 may
sheets.
'
be provided on the levers to prevent inadvertent engage
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the machine of FIG. 1;
ment of these cams with the belt.
'
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a component of the
The vacuum must be applied to box 104 when it reaches
machine of FIGS. 1 and 2 serving to coat the ?nish layer 60
the left end of its travel above support 102 and must be
strips with adhesive prior to combination thereof with
metal backing strips.
1
maintained until the, plate 1 picked up from support 102
has been coated at unit 106 and brought against the ?nish
coating strip 3 on table 108. To this end a cam 158 is
cut to suitable size and shape and cleaned on their under
side of adherent ?brous material are combined with metal 65 provided on box 104 which engages a follower 160 when
the box reaches the left end-of its travel. The motion
backing plates or sheets. This operation is performed
of follower 160 thus produced operates a switch 162 to
with a machine generally indicated at 10 and illustrated
According to the invention, strips of ?nish coating
in FIGS. 1 to 3.
_
energize, the source of vacuum connected to box 104 via
In the combining machine of FIGS. 1 to 3 sheet metal
conduit 110. A similar switch 164 is fastened in the ma
plates 1 suitably dimensioned with respect to the strips 3 70 chine frame adjacent the opposite end of the track, ie, at
with which they are to be combined, are supported by
guides 100 in a stack on a platform or magazine 102.
the combining station formed by table 108, and, when
actuated, releases the vacuum applied at box 104. Switch
3,033,?40
a
a
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4
3.
164 however is actuated not by motion ofthe vacuum
7 Before box 104 is halted in its motion toward' pivot
box along the track but by rotation of the track about
its pivot, when the track is lowered to press the plate 1
114 by stop 120, itengages a lever ‘1%, moving it through
a short angular rotation. A gear train indicated at 198
carried bythe vacuum box against ‘the ?nish layer strip . which includes a ratchetnand pawl is actuated by this rota
' 3. lyingon pressing table 108. To this end an arm'166, 5 tion to lift Support 102,:through the thickness of a plate 1.
fastened to the track, is arranged to engage theswitch164 .
, With vacuum box‘ 104 returned toward support 102
via an adjustable pin 163, the position of this, pin deter
there, is left on table 108 an un?nished, ?at laminated
cornerpiece comprising a backing plate 1 and a ?nish layer
mining the angular position of the track at whichthe
. switch will be actuated to release the vacuum.
' '
strip 3'bonded together. A fork 200, set below the sur
Track 112 is shifted to a plurality of positions for the‘ ‘ 100 facesof' table 108, is then rotated by means of a treadle
successive phases of the cyclical operation of the machine
202 which is' coupled to the; fork by. a tie rod‘204 and
100i FIGS. 1 and'2. The track is coupled, adjacent
crank 206‘(F1G. 2). By this rotation of vfork 200the
fable 108, to a rod 170 which may be drawn downwardly
un?nished cornerpiece is transferred to chain, conveyer
I by means of a foot treadle i172. Rod170 is spring-biased ‘ 3 p208 disposed parallelto but laterally displaced from the
in-an upward direction by means of a spring 174, engaged 15 general position of track 112. As placed on conveyer
betweenabracket 176 af?xed to frame 116 and a collar
208 the un?nished cornerpiece lies with its?nish layer
.178 af?xedto rod 170. Oneposition for the track, pref
strip 3 uppermost and with its longdimension parallel to
the length of the conveyer.’ conveyer 208 is driven by
erably horizontal, is de?ned’by 'fneans of a notch 130 in
a plate 182 adjustably ?xable on frame 116 and by means
means of a motor 210 and includes, as shown in FIG.’ 2,
of a latch .184 on the track which is retractably engage» 20 two endless chains which pass over sprockets at the right
able with the notch.
>'
t
hand end of the conveyer, as viewed in FIG. 2, this right
, Engagement'of latch 184 in notch 182,‘ against which
hand end being not shown.
‘
'
l
it is stressed'by spring 174 when the treadle 172 is not
A linear heating element 212 which may conveniently
actuated, de?nes ag?rst position for the track 112 which
be electrically energized is supported above and centrally
it occupies during. passage of the vacuum box 104 from
located with respect to chain conveyor 208, beneath a heat
the magazine ofplates lat support 102 to the table 108. ‘
reflecting hood 214. During its passage along conveyer
208 the un?nished cornerpiece transferred from table 108
' This phase of the operation of the ‘machine is illustrated
in FIG. 1.. A plate 1 adhering by the force of vacuum " .Qto the conveyer is heated along a fold line in order that
to box 104 is carried over and in contact with the coating"
folding along this line will not crack the strip 3. A press
rollers 188 and 190 of the adhesive applyinglor coating.’ 30 suitable for this folding operation is described in our, co
unit
106.
V
_
V
pending application Serial No. 840,219, ?led August 25,
t
' .Rollers 188- and 190 are journaled above a bath of.
1959, which also constitutes a division of our application
?uid asphalt or similar adhesive in a tank 192, heated by _, ' Serial No. 599,991 above referred to.
H
7 ~
_ .
' a heater-194. The rollers rotate in opposite directions"
The coating unit 106 is illustrated in'FlG_ 3. It com
' about axes perpendicular to, the length ‘of the track. ’ 'The- ’’ prises a tank 192 in the side walls of which are journaled .
rollers are so mounted that’ the‘ tangents to, their upper
surfaces lie in a plane parallel to the track and so spaced
the rollers 188 and 100', coupled‘ together via a chain
drive 216 for rotation in opposite directions‘by motor
136. A bath of liquid asphalt or the like is maintained
therefrom as to be engaged by the plates carriedalpast
them bygthe vacuum box.‘ The two rollers-"are driven by
in, tank 192 at a level su?icient to insure contact thereof
va motor 136, roller 188 turning on its upper ‘surface in the.
, same direction as the motion of box‘ 104 from the maga-_
zine station to the combining station vand at a' lower linear
speed than roller 190 which rotates in the opposite direc
with each of thelrollers188 and 190. The roller 188
over which theplates 1 ?rst pass turns in such a direction
1 that its upper surface moves in the same direction as the
plates, whereas the roller 190 turns in the opposite direc
‘zine station to the combining station at table 108,11 strip
tion with a higher linear speed at its surface.
Roller 188 may have a length equal, to the maximum
'width of the plates 1, in case these are trapezoidalrather
3 is laid on table 108 with the exterior face thereof down.
than rectangular, in order to apply ‘an adhesive coating
Positioning elements indicated‘ at 109 in FIG. 2 vde?ne
the position in which the strip 3 is to be located on table
over the whole undersurface of the plates as they are
carried by vacuum box 104'0ver the coating unit. Roller
50 190 is engaged, on‘ ‘the side thereof emerging vfrom the
tion.
'
V
.
.
For each transferby box 1040f a plate from the maga
108.
i
,
'
'
1 When vacuum‘box 104 is brought to a halt over table
asphalt bath, by two scrapers 218 whichare mounted
108 by stop 118, the plate 1 carried byythe box will over
' on a shaft 220 for adjustment lengthwise of the roller
vaccording to the width of the» plates to be treated. ‘ Shaft
lie ‘a (strip 3 on table 108 in the register required for
220 is rotated to stress the ‘scrapers against the roller
‘ '
-W_ith'vacuurn box 104 brought to a stop over table 108, 55 by means of a lever 222 and spring, 224. The scrapers
‘are adjusted so that roller 190 applies'ito the plates 1 an
the track is lowered by pressurebn treadle 172 to press
‘additional coating of adhesive of narrower width. In __
a the plate 1 against the strip 3, bonding the two together
into a laminated structure by means of the adhesive > this way a good bond is obtained over the central por- '
tion of'the plates and strips combined while avoiding
, acquired by the plate in its passage over coating unit 106;
achievement of the ?nishedjcor'nerpiece. .
'The lowered position of the track in which, this bonding '
takes place is thesecond track position, and in this posi
,tion the track actuates vacuum release switch 164' by
means of arm 166 as already described.
'
1
After a ‘suitable interval, which’ may be either manu
ally'or automatically controlled, for example if rod 170
is power actuated, the downward stress on the track 112
is released. Latch 184 is then retracted by means 'of a
lever 186 coupled thereto,’ and the track rises under the
in?uence of spring 174 to ‘a third angular position in
' whichthe end'thereof adjacent table 108 is higherthan
in either of the’ previously described positions. ‘In this
third position vacuum box 104 can be returned’ to the
magazine station at support 102 with "clearance from
_ coating unit 106.
00
tanr'objectionable extrusion ofrlthe adhesive at the long
edges of'the' ?nished cornerpiece;
.
The flat bonded backing-plate and ?nish layer units
‘ discharged‘fromvconveyer 208 are ready for shaping into
?nished cornerpieces.
We claim:
7'
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'1. A machine for the manufacture of laminated sheets
comprising’ a frame, a track mounted in the frame for
motion transverse to its 'own length, ‘a carriage supported
on said track for motion lengthwise thereof, means ‘to
70 feed ‘strips one by one to said carriage disposed atone
position. lengthwise of said track, support means for
_7 additional strips disposed adjacent the path of said car
riage at another position lengthwise of said track, as
hesive dispensing means disposed adjacent the path of
said carriage between said twol'positions, and means to
3,033,740
5
6
move said track transversely of its own length adjacent
a second str-ip supported on said table, and a third posi
said support means to stress a strip carried by said car
riage against a strip on said support means.
2. A machine for the manufacture of laminated build
ing material comprising a frame, a track mounted in said
frame for motion transverse to its own length, a carriage
tion in which said carriage can return to said feed means
mounted on said track for motion lengthwise thereof,
strip feed means disposed adjacent the path of said car
riage at one position lengthwise of said track, a pressing
table disposed adjacent the path of said carriage at an 10
for motion lengthwise thereof, backing plate feed means
disposed adjacent the pivot of said track, a ?xed support
for ‘?nish layer strips disposed adjacent said tracks re
without engagement with said adhesive dispensing means.
4. A machine for the manufacture of laminated ?nish
material for buildings comprising a frame, a track piv
oted in the \frame, a carriage supported on said track
other position lengthwise of said track, adhesive dispens
ing means disposed adjacent the path of said carriage
between said feed means and pressing table, and position—
mote from said pivot, means to rotate said track about
said pivot twoard said ?xed support, resilient means en
gaged between said track and frame stressing said track
for opposite rotation, detent means engaged between
said frame ‘and track to hold said track in ?xed angular
ing means in said frame de?ning a ?rst position for said
track in which a strip carried by said carriage from 15 position with respect to said ‘frame, and adhesive dis
pensing means disposed between said feed means and
?xed support in position to be engaged by a plate sup
said feed means to said table will engage said adhesive
dispensing means, a second position in which said strip
may be stressed against a second strip supported on said
table, and a third position in which said carriage can re
ported on said carriage when said detent means are en
gaged.
5. A machine for the manufacture of laminated build
ing material comprising a frame, a track movably mount
ed in said frame, a carriage supported on said track for
turn to said feed means without engagement with said
adhesive dispensing means.
3. A machine for the manufacture of laminated build
ing material comprising a frame, a track mounted in
motion lengthwise thereof, strip feed means supported
adjacent the path of said carriage at one position length
carriage mounted on said track for motion lengthwise 25 wise of said track, ?xed strip support means disposed
adjacent the path of said carriage at a second position
thereof, strip feed means disposed adjacent the path of
said frame for motion transverse to its own length, a
lengthwise of said track, a tank disposed between said
feed means and ?xed support, and two rollers turning in
opposite directions about axes transverse to the length
at another position lengthwise of said track, adhesive
dispensing means disposed adjacent the path of said car 30 of said track disposed above said tank.
riage between said feed means and pressing table, drive
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
means disposed on said track releasably engageable with
said carriage, and positioning means in said frame de
UNITED STATES PATENTS
?ning a ?rst position for said track in which a strip
1,768,586
Farley _______________ __ July 1, 1930
said carriage at one positon lengthwise of said track, a
pressing table disposed adjacent the path of said carriage
carried by said carriage from said feed means to said
35
2,299,690
Giese _______________ __ Oct. 20, 1942
table will engage said adhesive dispensing means, a sec
2,596,068
Bunch et al. __________ __ May 6, 1952
ond position in which said strip may be stressed against
2,625,978
Patterson ___________ __ Jan. 20, 1953
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