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May 15, 1962 R. A. E. GUICHARD 3,034,51 1 FILING SYSTEMS FOR DOCUMENTS Filed Aug. 5. 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 $1974. 5 United States Patent 0 " l 3,034,511 Patented May 15, 1962' 2 1 3,034,511 FILING SYSTEMS FOR DOCUMENTS Raymund A. E. Guichard, Paris, France, assignor t0 Arianex, Paris, France, a body corporate of France Filed Aug. 5, 1957, Ser. No. 676,068 Claims priority, application France Aug. 9, 1956 4 Claims. (Cl. 129-16) Vertical ?ling devices have already been proposed in FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of part of a ?ling cabinet. Each horizontal row of classi?ed documents 21, divided up by the separator leaves 1, rests on a series of hori zontal transverse supporting members 2, 3, 4 and5 made of metal section and forming part of a frame of the cabinet 23. Each leaf 1 is secured on these transverse members by means of a bar 6, preferably made of metal strip, which which the folders or separators, instead of being sus 10 is resiliently ?exible in the plane of the leaf. The bar is pended by their upper edge, are rested at their lower edge bent at its rear end to form a return piece 7, and bent at MAL. on conveniently arranged supporting surfaces. Such folders are accessible both at their upper edge and at their ends, and present the particular advantage of being its front end to form a hook '8. In the example shown in the drawings, the leaf 1 con sists of a card gripped at its bottom edge in a strip 10 able to open much further than suspended folders, which 15 which is preferably metallic, but may also be for example facilitates both the insertion of documents which they are made of a plastic material. The strip is rigid in the plane to receive, and examination of their contents, without of the leaf. At its lower edge, the strip '10 has an integral having to remove them from the folder in which they are tongue 11, lying in the central part of the strip, and also placed. two tongues ‘12 and v13 near its ends. Each of these end The present invention concerns improvements in ?xing 20 most tongues 12 and 13 has hook means 12a, 13a there bars which serve to secure the leaves of folders and sepa on, as shown in FIGURE 4, extending laterally from the rators of this kind on their supporting surface, and it also tongues 12, 13 in a common direction, viz. to the right as concerns their means of connection with the leaves, with seen in FIGURE 4. the purpose on the one hand of making manufacture The separator has end edges v18 and 19 the upper por cheaper and on the other hand of facilitating their han 25 tions of which are inclined to the vertical and substan dling, by permitting a large inclination of the folders or tially parallel to one another. Either edge may be turned separators in consequence of a particular arrangement of to the front according to the height of the row of docu means by which each leaf is connected to its ?xing bar. ments, to facilitate reading a label such as 22 (FIGURE In the following description and claims the Word “sepa 7) which may be attached to the edge. rator” is used as a generic term for folders and separators. 30 The bar 6 has, in its central part, two slots 14 and 15, Locking means are provided between the leaf and the in one or other of which the tongue 11 is engaged, ac bar, so as to ?x with precision the relative position of cording to whether the end edge 118 or 19 of the leaf 1 is these two components in the longitudinal direction, to turned towards the front. The bar 6 also has two other ensure a perfect alignment of labels carried by the front slots 16 and 17 at the ends, corresponding to the hook edge of each leaf. These means are, in addition, prefer 35 like tongues 12 and 13. As shown in FIGURE 6, all the ably so made that two different positions of the leaf rela slots 14, 15, 16, 17 extend in a common plane longi tive to its ?xing bar are obtainable, according to whether tudinally of the bar. one or other of the end edges of the leaf is towards the To assemble the leaf 1 with the ?xing bar 6, with the front. end edge 18 foremost, the two hook-like tongues 12, 13 In a construction previously proposed, the ?xing bar 40 are ?rst engaged in the corresponding slots 16 and 17. was assembled with the leaf by threading it through a Then the separator is slid lightly to the front relatively series of openings made in the latter, the said bar passing to the bar, i.e. to the right as seen in FIGURE 1, to carry alternately over one face and the opposite face of the leaf. the hook-like tongues 12 and 13 to their locking position Such a method of assembly, although effective, neverthe shown in that ?gure, in which each hook means 12a, 13a less has the disadvantage of not being rapid. Moreover 45 extends axially of and under the bar beyond the adjacent since the ?xing bar is more rigid than the card of which ' 1 end wall 16a, 17a of the corresponding end-most slot. the leaf itself is generally made, there is the risk also of During this movement the leaf is slightly bent laterally so causing a Waviness in the leaf, which spoils the appear that the tongue 11 bears against the edge of the bar. At ance, and is liable also to interfere with inclining the leaf the end of the movement, the tongue 11 is abreast of the when one wishes to reach the documents divided by it. 50 slot 15. It is then su?icient to press lightly downwards on The present invention effectively remedies these dis the bar and then release it, to cause the tongue 11 to enter advantages. In fact, it permits an almost instantaneous assembly of the bar and the leaf. The leaf may be very the slot 15, thus securing the leaf longitudinally with re spect to the bar. In this position the tongues extend considerably inclined. Moreover, the relatively costly perpendicularly downwardly through the slots, and the end wall 16b, 17b of each end-most slot is separated from the tongue 12, ‘13 by an open space in the slot 16, 17 hav ing an axial extent at least equal to the axial extent of the hook means 12a, 13a beyond the end wall v16a, 17a. In The invention will now be described in more detail fact, in the example shown, each of the end-most tongues with reference to the accompanying drawings, showing an example of a practical construction. In these drawings: 60 12, 13 engages the adjacent end Wall 16a, 16b, and has a combined axial extent with that of the hook means there FIGURE 1 shows, in fragmentary side elevation with on substantially equal to the axial extent of its respective parts in section, a separator for vertical ?ling according end-most slot. The axial extent of the intermediate slot to the invention in position of use; operation of forming openings in the leaf to receive the bar is dispensed with. Its strength is thus correspond ingly increased. FIGURE 2 is a corresponding rear elevation; FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 1, but show ing only the ?xing bar, in disengaged position; FIGURE 4 is a side elevation of the lower part of the 15 and the axial extent of the intermediate tongue 11 are 65 substantially equal so as to prevent relative longitudinal movement of the leaf and the bar. The intermediate slot and tongue are so spaced from each of the end-most slots and tongues that ?exing of the bar in the plane of the inter FIGURE 5 is a longitudinal section of the ?xing bar 70 mediate tongue disengages the bar therefrom and enables relative longitudinal movement of the leaf and the bar alone; vFIGURE 6 is a pian of this bar; through the open space in each end-most slot thereby leaf alone; 3,034,511 4 3 leaf having a substantially rigid bottom edge disposed bringing the end-most tongues and slots into alignment to permit separation of the leaf and thebar. above said bar in a substantially vertical plane and form ing the main body of the separator, said bar having three slots therein extending in a common plane longitudinal If the leaf is to be mounted the opposite Way, that is to say with its end edge 19 turned towards the front, the ?xing is carried out by lightly sliding the leaf towards the rear, i.e. to the left, in the drawing, relatively to the ?xing bar, and then the tongue 11 is engaged not‘ in the slot 15, of the bar and in spaced relation to one another, said bottom edge of said leaf having three tongues thereon extending perpendicularly downwardly through the slots, each of the end-most of the three tongues having hook means thereon extending laterally from the tongue in a The two slots 14, 15 are equally spaced from opposite sides of the median plane between the end-most slots 16, 10 common direction axial of and under the bar beyond the adjacent end wall of the end-most slot through which v17 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the bar. The the tongue extends, the opposite end wall of said end positions of the tongue 11 and the two slots 14 and 15 are but in the slot 14. most slot- being separated from said tongue by an so chosen that the classi?ed documents do not extend, at open space in the slot having an axial extent at least the front, beyond the end edge of the leaf despite the in clination given to this edge. 15 equal to the axial extent of said hook means beyond the adjacent end wall, the axial extent of the interme To insert the separator, thus provided with its ?xing bar, diate of the three slots and the axial extent of the inter mediate of the three tongues being substantially equal so as to prevent relative longitudinally movement of the leaf and the bar and being so spaced from each of the end-most tongues and its respective end-most slot that into the ?ling system, it is ?rst rested on the transverse supporting members 2, 3, and ‘4, in the position shown in FIGURE 3. The resilient front end of the bar is then lightly curved downwards, as shown in FIGURE 3, and the whole assembly is displaced towards the front, until ?exing of the bar in the plane of the intermediate tongue disengages the bar therefrom and enables relative longitu the return piece 7 comes into engagement with a ?ange 20 of the member -2, at the same time as the hook 8 comes dinal movement of the leaf and the bar through the open beneath a ?ange 9 of the member 5. The front end is then released, thus ?xing the separator in a proper position. 25 space in each end-most slot thereby bringing the end-most tongues and slots into alignment to permit separation of To disengage it and remove it from the ?ling system, it the leaf and the bar. is su?icient to repeat the same operations in the opposite 2. A separator according to claim 1 wherein each of direction. the end-most tongues engages said adjacent end Wall of The drawings show clearly that the hook-like tongues its respective end-most slot and has a combined axial ex 12, 13 and the tongue 11 lie in line, and so do the slots 16, tent with that of the hook means thereon substantially 14, 15 and 17 in the ?xing bar. Moreover, the slots are a equal to the axial extent of is respective end-most slot. little wider transversely of the bar than are the tongues. 3. A separator according to claim 1 wherein the bar Hence there is no resistance to easy swinging of the leaf has a fourth slot therein extending in said common plane about this line acting as pivot axis through about 60° as shown in FIGURES 2 and 7, the tongues ‘11, 12 and 13 35 longitudinally of the bar and spaced from the ?rst-named slots, said fourth slot constituting a second intermediate then moving correspondingly beneath the ?xing bar 6, slot and being equally spaced with the ?rst-named inter without any risk of separation of that bar and the leaf. mediate slot from opposite sides of the median plane be It will be observed that the lateral bulk of the device tween the end-rnost slots perpendicular to the longitudinal constructed according to the invention is practically limited to the thickness of the gripping strip 10. 40 axis of the bar whereby the leaf is engageable with the bar in either of two opposing positions. As alternatives the leaf 1 may be metallic or made of 4. A separator according to claim ‘1 wherein the rela plastic material, in which case the two hook-like tongues tive width of the three slots and the three tongues is such 12, 13 as well as the tongue 1-1v may be made directly on as to enable the leaf to pivot about the longitudinal axis its lower edge, which makes the use of a gripping strip 10 unnecessary. ' 45 of the bar through an arc of about 60°. Of course, the invention is not limited to details of the construction described here simply by way of non-limit ing example. The shape and size of the members 2, 3, 4 and 5, of the gripping strip -10 and of the ?xing bar 6, as Well as those of the hook-like tongues 12, 13 and the 50 tongue 11 may, as Well as those of the return part 7 and the hook 8, depart from those shown in the drawings, without by so doing going outside the scope of the in vention. ' 55 I claim: 1. In a vertical ?ling device having horizontal support ing means, a separator comprising a horizontal ?exible bar removably engaging said supporting means, and a References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,899,430 2,303,038 2,346,150 Wood ______________ __ Feb. 28, 1933 Freiberg ____________ _- Nov. 24, 1942 Brown ______________ __ Apr. 111, 1944 457,014 676,777 661,455 Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 19, 1936 Germany ___________ __ June 10, 1939 Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 21, 1951 1,088,961 France _.. ____________ __ Sept. 22, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS “in.