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Патент USA US3034521

код для вставки
May 15, 1962
R. A. E. GUICHARD
3,034,51 1
FILING SYSTEMS FOR DOCUMENTS
Filed Aug. 5. 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
$1974.
5
United States Patent 0 " l
3,034,511
Patented May 15, 1962'
2
1
3,034,511
FILING SYSTEMS FOR DOCUMENTS
Raymund A. E. Guichard, Paris, France, assignor t0
Arianex, Paris, France, a body corporate of France
Filed Aug. 5, 1957, Ser. No. 676,068
Claims priority, application France Aug. 9, 1956
4 Claims. (Cl. 129-16)
Vertical ?ling devices have already been proposed in
FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of part of a ?ling
cabinet.
Each horizontal row of classi?ed documents 21, divided
up by the separator leaves 1, rests on a series of hori
zontal transverse supporting members 2, 3, 4 and5 made
of metal section and forming part of a frame of the
cabinet 23.
Each leaf 1 is secured on these transverse members by
means of a bar 6, preferably made of metal strip, which
which the folders or separators, instead of being sus 10 is resiliently ?exible in the plane of the leaf. The bar is
pended by their upper edge, are rested at their lower edge
bent at its rear end to form a return piece 7, and bent at
MAL.
on conveniently arranged supporting surfaces.
Such
folders are accessible both at their upper edge and at
their ends, and present the particular advantage of being
its front end to form a hook '8.
In the example shown in the drawings, the leaf 1 con
sists of a card gripped at its bottom edge in a strip 10
able to open much further than suspended folders, which 15 which is preferably metallic, but may also be for example
facilitates both the insertion of documents which they are
made of a plastic material. The strip is rigid in the plane
to receive, and examination of their contents, without
of the leaf. At its lower edge, the strip '10 has an integral
having to remove them from the folder in which they are
tongue 11, lying in the central part of the strip, and also
placed.
two tongues ‘12 and v13 near its ends. Each of these end
The present invention concerns improvements in ?xing 20 most tongues 12 and 13 has hook means 12a, 13a there
bars which serve to secure the leaves of folders and sepa
on, as shown in FIGURE 4, extending laterally from the
rators of this kind on their supporting surface, and it also
tongues 12, 13 in a common direction, viz. to the right as
concerns their means of connection with the leaves, with
seen in FIGURE 4.
the purpose on the one hand of making manufacture
The separator has end edges v18 and 19 the upper por
cheaper and on the other hand of facilitating their han 25 tions of which are inclined to the vertical and substan
dling, by permitting a large inclination of the folders or
tially parallel to one another. Either edge may be turned
separators in consequence of a particular arrangement of
to the front according to the height of the row of docu
means by which each leaf is connected to its ?xing bar.
ments, to facilitate reading a label such as 22 (FIGURE
In the following description and claims the Word “sepa
7) which may be attached to the edge.
rator” is used as a generic term for folders and separators. 30
The bar 6 has, in its central part, two slots 14 and 15,
Locking means are provided between the leaf and the
in one or other of which the tongue 11 is engaged, ac
bar, so as to ?x with precision the relative position of
cording to whether the end edge 118 or 19 of the leaf 1 is
these two components in the longitudinal direction, to
turned towards the front. The bar 6 also has two other
ensure a perfect alignment of labels carried by the front
slots 16 and 17 at the ends, corresponding to the hook
edge of each leaf. These means are, in addition, prefer 35 like tongues 12 and 13. As shown in FIGURE 6, all the
ably so made that two different positions of the leaf rela
slots 14, 15, 16, 17 extend in a common plane longi
tive to its ?xing bar are obtainable, according to whether
tudinally of the bar.
one or other of the end edges of the leaf is towards the
To assemble the leaf 1 with the ?xing bar 6, with the
front.
end edge 18 foremost, the two hook-like tongues 12, 13
In a construction previously proposed, the ?xing bar 40 are ?rst engaged in the corresponding slots 16 and 17.
was assembled with the leaf by threading it through a
Then the separator is slid lightly to the front relatively
series of openings made in the latter, the said bar passing
to the bar, i.e. to the right as seen in FIGURE 1, to carry
alternately over one face and the opposite face of the leaf.
the hook-like tongues 12 and 13 to their locking position
Such a method of assembly, although effective, neverthe
shown in that ?gure, in which each hook means 12a, 13a
less has the disadvantage of not being rapid. Moreover 45 extends axially of and under the bar beyond the adjacent
since the ?xing bar is more rigid than the card of which ' 1 end wall 16a, 17a of the corresponding end-most slot.
the leaf itself is generally made, there is the risk also of
During this movement the leaf is slightly bent laterally so
causing a Waviness in the leaf, which spoils the appear
that the tongue 11 bears against the edge of the bar. At
ance, and is liable also to interfere with inclining the leaf
the end of the movement, the tongue 11 is abreast of the
when one wishes to reach the documents divided by it. 50 slot 15. It is then su?icient to press lightly downwards on
The present invention effectively remedies these dis
the bar and then release it, to cause the tongue 11 to enter
advantages. In fact, it permits an almost instantaneous
assembly of the bar and the leaf. The leaf may be very
the slot 15, thus securing the leaf longitudinally with re
spect to the bar. In this position the tongues extend
considerably inclined. Moreover, the relatively costly
perpendicularly downwardly through the slots, and the
end wall 16b, 17b of each end-most slot is separated from
the tongue 12, ‘13 by an open space in the slot 16, 17 hav
ing an axial extent at least equal to the axial extent of the
hook means 12a, 13a beyond the end wall v16a, 17a. In
The invention will now be described in more detail
fact, in the example shown, each of the end-most tongues
with reference to the accompanying drawings, showing an
example of a practical construction. In these drawings: 60 12, 13 engages the adjacent end Wall 16a, 16b, and has a
combined axial extent with that of the hook means there
FIGURE 1 shows, in fragmentary side elevation with
on substantially equal to the axial extent of its respective
parts in section, a separator for vertical ?ling according
end-most slot. The axial extent of the intermediate slot
to the invention in position of use;
operation of forming openings in the leaf to receive the
bar is dispensed with. Its strength is thus correspond
ingly increased.
FIGURE 2 is a corresponding rear elevation;
FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 1, but show
ing only the ?xing bar, in disengaged position;
FIGURE 4 is a side elevation of the lower part of the
15 and the axial extent of the intermediate tongue 11 are
65 substantially equal so as to prevent relative longitudinal
movement of the leaf and the bar. The intermediate slot
and tongue are so spaced from each of the end-most slots
and tongues that ?exing of the bar in the plane of the inter
FIGURE 5 is a longitudinal section of the ?xing bar 70 mediate tongue disengages the bar therefrom and enables
relative longitudinal movement of the leaf and the bar
alone;
vFIGURE 6 is a pian of this bar;
through the open space in each end-most slot thereby
leaf alone;
3,034,511
4
3
leaf having a substantially rigid bottom edge disposed
bringing the end-most tongues and slots into alignment to
permit separation of the leaf and thebar.
above said bar in a substantially vertical plane and form
ing the main body of the separator, said bar having three
slots therein extending in a common plane longitudinal
If the leaf is to be mounted the opposite Way, that is
to say with its end edge 19 turned towards the front, the
?xing is carried out by lightly sliding the leaf towards the
rear, i.e. to the left, in the drawing, relatively to the ?xing
bar, and then the tongue 11 is engaged not‘ in the slot 15,
of the bar and in spaced relation to one another, said
bottom edge of said leaf having three tongues thereon
extending perpendicularly downwardly through the slots,
each of the end-most of the three tongues having hook
means thereon extending laterally from the tongue in a
The two slots 14, 15 are equally spaced from opposite
sides of the median plane between the end-most slots 16, 10 common direction axial of and under the bar beyond
the adjacent end wall of the end-most slot through which
v17 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the bar. The
the tongue extends, the opposite end wall of said end
positions of the tongue 11 and the two slots 14 and 15 are
but in the slot 14.
most slot- being separated from said tongue by an
so chosen that the classi?ed documents do not extend, at
open space in the slot having an axial extent at least
the front, beyond the end edge of the leaf despite the in
clination given to this edge.
15 equal to the axial extent of said hook means beyond
the adjacent end wall, the axial extent of the interme
To insert the separator, thus provided with its ?xing bar,
diate of the three slots and the axial extent of the inter
mediate of the three tongues being substantially equal so
as to prevent relative longitudinally movement of the
leaf and the bar and being so spaced from each of the
end-most tongues and its respective end-most slot that
into the ?ling system, it is ?rst rested on the transverse
supporting members 2, 3, and ‘4, in the position shown in
FIGURE 3. The resilient front end of the bar is then
lightly curved downwards, as shown in FIGURE 3, and
the whole assembly is displaced towards the front, until
?exing of the bar in the plane of the intermediate tongue
disengages the bar therefrom and enables relative longitu
the return piece 7 comes into engagement with a ?ange
20 of the member -2, at the same time as the hook 8 comes
dinal movement of the leaf and the bar through the open
beneath a ?ange 9 of the member 5. The front end is then
released, thus ?xing the separator in a proper position.
25 space in each end-most slot thereby bringing the end-most
tongues and slots into alignment to permit separation of
To disengage it and remove it from the ?ling system, it
the leaf and the bar.
is su?icient to repeat the same operations in the opposite
2. A separator according to claim 1 wherein each of
direction.
the end-most tongues engages said adjacent end Wall of
The drawings show clearly that the hook-like tongues
its respective end-most slot and has a combined axial ex
12, 13 and the tongue 11 lie in line, and so do the slots 16,
tent with that of the hook means thereon substantially
14, 15 and 17 in the ?xing bar. Moreover, the slots are a
equal to the axial extent of is respective end-most slot.
little wider transversely of the bar than are the tongues.
3. A separator according to claim 1 wherein the bar
Hence there is no resistance to easy swinging of the leaf
has a fourth slot therein extending in said common plane
about this line acting as pivot axis through about 60° as
shown in FIGURES 2 and 7, the tongues ‘11, 12 and 13 35 longitudinally of the bar and spaced from the ?rst-named
slots, said fourth slot constituting a second intermediate
then moving correspondingly beneath the ?xing bar 6,
slot and being equally spaced with the ?rst-named inter
without any risk of separation of that bar and the leaf.
mediate slot from opposite sides of the median plane be
It will be observed that the lateral bulk of the device
tween the end-rnost slots perpendicular to the longitudinal
constructed according to the invention is practically
limited to the thickness of the gripping strip 10.
40 axis of the bar whereby the leaf is engageable with the
bar in either of two opposing positions.
As alternatives the leaf 1 may be metallic or made of
4. A separator according to claim ‘1 wherein the rela
plastic material, in which case the two hook-like tongues
tive width of the three slots and the three tongues is such
12, 13 as well as the tongue 1-1v may be made directly on
as to enable the leaf to pivot about the longitudinal axis
its lower edge, which makes the use of a gripping strip 10
unnecessary.
'
45 of the bar through an arc of about 60°.
Of course, the invention is not limited to details of the
construction described here simply by way of non-limit
ing example. The shape and size of the members 2, 3, 4
and 5, of the gripping strip -10 and of the ?xing bar 6, as
Well as those of the hook-like tongues 12, 13 and the 50
tongue 11 may, as Well as those of the return part 7 and
the hook 8, depart from those shown in the drawings,
without by so doing going outside the scope of the in
vention.
'
55
I claim:
1. In a vertical ?ling device having horizontal support
ing means, a separator comprising a horizontal ?exible
bar removably engaging said supporting means, and a
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,899,430
2,303,038
2,346,150
Wood ______________ __ Feb. 28, 1933
Freiberg ____________ _- Nov. 24, 1942
Brown ______________ __ Apr. 111, 1944
457,014
676,777
661,455
Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 19, 1936
Germany ___________ __ June 10, 1939
Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 21, 1951
1,088,961
France _.. ____________ __ Sept. 22, 1954
FOREIGN PATENTS
“in.
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